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NOTICE-Continued.

party making State selection should give, 1290.
patent as, 700.
places for posting, 289, 358.
place for record in Alaska, 900.

of, for coal locations in Alaska, 884,886.
plat posted with notice, 360.
posted may constitute part of marking, 197, 198.
posting, 358, 598, 702, 714.

and proof, 289, 714.

publication, 665.
discovery notice not a location, 50.
in register's office, 360.
lien notice on mining claim, 881.
of, not a location, 50.

on application to purchase stone lards, 1318.
on claim, 357, 359, 714.

group claims, 359.
proof of posting, 598, 714.

on application for patent, 306.

claim, 714.

coal location in Alaska, 886.
publication, 598.
publication of, 289, 598, 665, 713, 881.

before posting plat on claim, 665.
cuts off claims of delinquent coowner, 277.
for patent for coal lands in Alaska, 886.
in newspaper nearest, 362, 713.

computation of time, 364.
designation of newspaper, 361.
discretion of register, 361.
duty of register as to, 360.
not changed from daily to weekly paper, 362.
number of insertions, 363.

sixty days' publication, 363.
is process on adverse claimant, 358.
on application to purchase stone lands, 1319.

proof of posting, 369.
purpose and reason 356.

of posting and publishing, 665.
record of, as constructive notice, 97, 197.

to coal lands, 784.
for coal locations in Alaska, 886.
in Alaska, 899.

mining location as, 183.
register's discretion as to selection of newspaper, 579.
required before second patent granted, 505.
second patent not granted without, 505.
shaft houses as conspicuous place for posting, 359.
sufficiency as to coowner, 275.

forfeiture of coowner's interest, 275.

of description in. 226.
surveys by, in foreclosuro of miner's lien, 881.
time and term, 177.
for filing as to coal locations, 784.

for record in Alaska, 900.

in Alaska, 884, 890.
given for posting, 182, 360.
to adverse claimants, 375.

coowner, 177.

delinquent coowner, 275.
tunnel location, 175.
NOTICE OF LOCATION.

See also Amended location, Certificate, Description, Land Office, Notice, Publication, Record,

Register, Verification.
absence of discovery as affecting known veins, 562.
accuracy not required, 199.

NOTICE OF LOCATION-Continued.

admissibility in evidence, 205, 702.
amended notice, 205.
as knowledge of vein or lode, 562.
certificate amended, 205.

of location, 197.
change of descriptionin, 233.
conformity to miners' rules, 204.
construction, 199.
construed liberally, 199.
contents and description, 226.

when record required, 197, 211.
controls as between calls, 201.
correction of errors in notice, 206.
date necessary, 198.

of location must be shown, 200.

not conclusive, 212.
declaratory statement, 206.
description of claim, 211.

required, 200.

ground located, 198.
destruction of notice, 206.
distinction between amended location certificate and relocation notice, 205.
effect is posted before discovery, 97.

of amended certificate of location, 205.
errors as to courses or distances, 206.

in notice, 206.
inaccuracies and mistakes, 206.
mistake in, 232.

recording, on priority, 208.
errors in, corrected by parol, 212.
general requisites, 199.
identification of claim necessary, 199.
instances of insufficiency, 203.

sufficiency, 202, 203.
insufficient description in, 368.
local regulations requiring, 201.
location certificate, 200.
locator not bound by error in description, 232.
marking boundaries need not be stated in, 217.
markings control courses and distances, 212.
may be nearby and indicate vein, 200.
miners' rules as to, in Alaska, 901.
mining locations or claims as, 702, 1359.

in Alaska, 899, 900.
must be given after discovery, 97.

conform to statutory requirements, 97.
name of locator omitted, 226.
necessary before entry, 393.
not required to be placed on vein, 200.
notice not required, 196.

permitted, 197.
object of, 198.
office and purpose of, 205.
particular requirements, 199, 200.
positive exactness not required, 206.
precise boundaries not required to be shown, 199.
record must be aftor discovery, 97.

contain description, 209.

refer to natural objects or permanent monuments, 209.
need not show marking on ground, 212.

not required, 358.
reference to natural objects, 201.
referred to location as permanent monument, 443.
requirements as to location certificate, 200.
right of locator to amend notice, 205.
State statute requiring verification, 208.
statutory regulations as to, 204.
substantial compliance with statute sufficient, 199.

NOTICE OF LOCATION—Continued.
sufficiency and effect, 97, 198, 201, 702.

of amended location notice, 205.
technical construction avoided, 199.
temporary destruction, 206.
time of posting on claim, 701.
unnecessary surplusage rejected, 200.
verification not required, 197, 207.
what constitutes permanent monuments, 212.

0.
OATH.

See also Affidavit, Agent, Verification.
administered by agent of corporation, 584.

over telephone invalid, 304.
adverse claimant, 429.
amendment of, 585.
applicant for patent, 304.
applicant's, as to coal-land entry, 780.
by applicant, 583.

officer of corporation, 583.
claimant's, to declaratory statement, 763.
competency of notary public administering, 763.
miner must make, to claim for lien in Alaska, 880.
officer authorized to administer, 583.
place of making, 583.
purchaser's, for stone lands, 1318.
to application for patent, 583.

declaratory statement for coal entry, 767.
what officer authorized to administer, 584.
OCCUPATION.

See also Possession, Possessory rights.
conditioned upon performance of annual labor, 25.
of mining ground as notice of location, 50.

use of ground located for mining purposes, 25.
OHIO.

disposal of salines, 1245.
grant of salines, 1239.

salt springs, 1239.
sale of salines, 1252.

salt springs, 1204, 1252.
salt springs included in grant to, 1239.
OIL AND GAS.

See also Discovery, Indian lands, Mineral deposits, Minerals, Oil and gas lands, Pipe lines, Placer

locations.
as a mineral, 1134.

valuable mineral deposits, 690.
excepted from municipal grants, 1305.
Indian lands sold subject to oil and gas rights, 1028.
individual ownership of Indian allottee, 1026.
insufficient to make lands valuable for, 520.
lands containing, as mineral lands, 689, 690.

reserved to Cherokee Tribe, 1008.

valuable for, are mineral, 18, 19, 20.
lease by Indian Nation for mining, 991.

of Indian lands for, 1004.
locators protected, 1049.
pipe-line transportation of, 1071.
reservation and location, 1051, 1052.
reserved from allotment of Indian lands, 1004.

Indian lands, 1025.
lighthouse reservation, 958.
municipal grants, 1306.

park grants, 1307.

to Osage Indians, 1026.
right of way for pipe lines in Arkansas, 1073.
rights acquired under Indian lease protected, 1010.
royalties on, from Indian lands, 988.
statute applies to persons transporting by pipe lines, 1071.

OIL AND GAS LANDS.

See also Discovery, Indian lands, Lands valuable for minerals, Mineral lands, Minerals, Placer loca

tions, Railroad grants.
acquired pursuant to placer-claim laws, 519.
act amended, 1049.
agricultural entries on, 1049, 1051.
allotments inalienable for stated period, 1026.
application of act of March 3, 1909 to, 815.
area, 1047.
as indemnity selections, 1285.

mineral lands, 1134.
asphaltum located as oil claims, 1046.
character of lands, 1048.
classification as analogous to classification as coal, 815.

establishes mineral character, 1134.

in California, 1285.
contest with homestead claimant, 1047.
defective titles cured, 1048.
discovery, 1044.

essential to location, 65.
disposal of, after withdrawal, 1392.

in Oklahoma, 1299.
effect of withdrawal order, 1391, 1392.
elimination of nonoil land, 1393.
enterable as placer claims in Alaska, 1043.
entry of, in Alaska, 1043.
excepted from grant to Southern Pacific Railroad Co., 1138.

Texas Pacific Railroad Co., 1143.
railroad grant as mineral lands, 519.

grants, 1134,
existing locations approved, 1046.
filed upon and improved in Alaska may be patented, 1043.
first locator not a discoverer, 1047.
hearing to determine character, 1048.
insufficient discovery, 1044.
knowledge of discovery by another necessary, 1047.
lands valuable for oil, 1013.

not selectable in lieu of school sections, 1262.
lease of, in Arizona and Oklahoma, 1298.
locatable as placer claims, 1333.
location made under law is a mining claim, 1043.
locations protected, 1046, 1019.
mineral lands in railroad grant, 1138.
modification of withdrawal order, 1393.
must be chiefly valuable for oil to sustain location, 1044.
no entry after patent to railroad company, 1134,

school indemnity selection while withdrawal stands, 1392.
not selectable as lieu land, 1175.

subject to disposal under land laws after withdrawal, 1393.
oil and gas reserved from agricultural entries, 1049, 1051.

locations protected, 1048.
one discovery, 1044.
Osage Indians, 1026.
ownership of Southern Pacific Railroad Co., 1134.
patent for, in Alaska not defeated by assignment, 1048.

not issued after classification, 1134.
persons qualified to enter, 1043.
President's withdrawal of, in California, 1392.
prior location protected, 1048.
priority of location, 1047.
rights of Indians in, 987.
school sections not subject to mining laws, 1299.
selections by California after classification, 1285.

Idaho, 1050.
State's right of selection after classification, 1285.
surface entry after withdrawal, 1393.

indications not proof to establish character, 1175.

OIL AND GAS LANDS-Continued.
surface indications will not defeat lieu selections, 1177.

patent for, 815.
title to Southern Pacific Railroad Co., 1134.
transfers protected, 1048.
validity of withdrawal orders, 1392.
what constitutes discovery, 1044.
withdrawals, 815, 819, 1392.
withdrawal of oil lands, 1391.
rights protected as against, 1391.

withdrawn from private entry for classification, 1392.
OIL LEASES.

See also Indian lands, Lease.
as prohibited alienation, 1000.
execution, filing, and recording Indian, 1012.
Indian lands, 1021.
lease by Indian Nation for mining, 991.

of Indian lands, 1018.
not a grant of oil in place, 1016.
Osage Indian Reservation, Foster lease assigned, 1022.

extended, 1022
royalty determined by President, 1021.

sale of, on Indian lands, 1024.
OIL LOCATIONS.

See also Annual labor, Discovery, Mining locations, Oil and gas lands, Placer locations."
agricultural entries not subject to, 1047.
annual labor on, 247, 1048.
asphaltum located as, 1046.
assessment work on, 1948.
conditions for making, on Indian reservation, 1014.
confirmed by statute, 1046.
defective title not cured in absence of discovery, 1018.
diligence in prosecution essential to protection, 1047.
discovery essential to, 65, 1044.

insufficient, 1045.
entry on agricultural lands unauthorized, 1047.
lien law applicable to, 1044.
located as placer claims, 1043.
location of oil lands, 1043.
not affected by invalid withdrawal orders, 1392.

permitted in Glacier National Park, 1015.
one discovery sufficient for entire claim, 1047.
patent for, 1048.
persons qualified to make, 1043.
possession protected during diligent prosecution, 1047.
proof insufficient to show discovery, 1046.

sufficient to sustain discovery, 1044.
prospector not a trespasser, 1044.
protection, 1048, 1049.
rights of locator as against lieu selector, 1176.
right to hold as against nonmineral applicant, 1945.
statutory requirement as to discovery applies to, 65.

sufficiency of discovery, 1045.
OKLAHOMA.
disposal of mineral lands in, 1299.

oil and gas in, 1299.
enabling act, 964.
grant to, without mineral exception, 1300.
lands prima facie nonmineral from surveyor's return, 1187.
lease of mineral and oil lands in, 1298.

school lands, 995.
mineral lands not excepted, 1300.
provisions for disposal of gas and oil, 1298.
saline statute not applicable to, 1212.
school indemnity selections in, 838.
sections in, not subject to mining laws, 1299.

subject to operation of mining law, 1299.

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