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DIVERSITY OF CITIZENSHIP JURISDICTION/

MAGISTRATES REFORM

HEARINGS

BEFORE THE

SUBCOMMITTEE ON COURTS, CIVIL LIBERTIES,

AND THE ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

OF THE

COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY
HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES

NINETY-FIFTH CONGRESS

FIRST SESSION

ON

DIVERSITY OF CITIZENSHIP
JURISDICTION/MAGISTRATES REFORM

SEPTEMBER 21, 27, 28, 29, AND OCTOBER 19, 1977

Serial No. 21

Printed for the use of the Committee on the Judiciary

U.S. GOVERNMENT PRINTING OFFICE

WASHINGTON : 1978

99-168 O

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COMMITTEE ON THE JUDICIARY

PETER W. RODINO, JR., New Jersey, Chairman JACK BROOKS, Texas

ROBERT MCCLORY, Illinois DON EDWARDS, California

TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin CHARLES E. WIGGINS, California JOHN CONYERS, JR., Michigan

HAMILTON FISH, JR., New York JOSHUA EILBERG, Pennsylvania

M. CALDWELL BUTLER, Virginia WALTER FLOWERS, Alabama

WILLIAM S. COHEN, Maine JAMES R. MANN, South Carolina

CARLOS J. MOORHEAD, California JOHN F. SEIBERLING, Ohio

JOHN M. ASHBROOK, Ohio
GEORGE E. DANIELSON, California HENRY J. HYDE, Illinois
ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts THOMAS N. KINDNESS, Ohio
BARBARA JORDAN, Texas

HAROLD S. SAWYER, Michigan
ELIZABETH HOLTZMAN, New York
ROMANO L. MAZZOLI, Kentucky
WILLIAM J. HUGHES, New Jersey
SAM B. HALL, JR., Texas
LAMAR GUDGER, North Carolina
HAROLD L. VOLKMER, Missouri
HERBERT E. HARRIS II, Virginia
JIM SANTINI, Nevada
ALLEN E. ERTEL, Pennsylvania
BILLY LEE EVANS, Georgia
ANTHONY C. BEILENSON, California

ALAN A. PARKER, General Counsel

GARNER J. CLINE, Staff Director
FRANKLIN G. POLK, A88ociate Counsel

SUBCOMMITTEE ON COURTS, CIVIL LIBERTIES, AND THE

ADMINISTRATION OF JUSTICE

ROBERT W. KASTENMEIER, Wisconsin, Chairman
GEORGE E. DANIELSON, California TOM RAILSBACK, Illinois
ROBERT F. DRINAN, Massachusetts M. CALDWELL BUTLER, Virginia
JIM SANTINI, Nevada
ALLEN E. ERTEL, Pennsylvania

BRUCE A. LEHMAN, Chief Counsel
TIMOTHY A.-BOGGS, Professional Staf Member

GAIL P. HIGGINS, Counsel
MICHAEL J. REMINGTON, Counsel
THOMAS E. MOONEY, A880ciate Counsel
JOSEPH V. WOLFE, A880ciate Counsel

(II)

CONTENTS

85

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HEARINGS HELD

Pago

September 21, 1977

1

September 27, 1977.

September 28, 1977.

141

September 29, 1977.-

199

October 19, 1977-.

247

TEXT OF BILLS

H.R. 761.

3

H.R. 5546

5

H.R. 7243

22

H.R. 7493.

29

H.R. 7811.

47

H.R. 7812

52

H.R. 9123

25

H.R. 9622

248

S. 1613...

36

WITNESSES

Begam, Robert G., past president and chairman, National Affairs Depart-

ment, Association of Trial Lawyers of America.--

68

Prepared statement...

70

Coleman, James E., Jr., assistant general counsel, National Legal Services

Corp.

53

Ehrlich, Thomas, president, Legal Services Corp-

53

Prepared statement..

54

Frank, John P., attorney (Lewis and Roca, Phoenix, Ariz.).

230

Prepared statement.--

230

Friendly, Hon. Henry J., circuit judge, U.S. Court of Appeals for the

Second Circuit...

199

Prepared statement.

208

Gignoux, Hon. Edward T., district judge, U.S. District Court for the

District of Maine..

142

Prepared statement.

142

Horowitz,

Pamela S., legislative counsel, American Civil Liberties Union. 127

Prepared statement.--

136

Houseman, Alan, director, Research Institute, National Legal Services,

Corp---

53

McCabe, Peter, Chief of the Magistrates Division, Administrative Office

of the U.S. Courts ..

269

Margolis, Lawrence S., U.S. Magistrate, U.S. District Court for the

District of Columbia---

91

Prepared statement..

93

Meador, Daniel J., Assistant Attorney General, Department of Justice. 176, 251

Prepared statement (on Diversity Jurisdiction).

177

Prepared statement (on Magistrates Reform)-

182

Metzner, Hon. Charles M., district Judge, U.S. District Court for the

Southern District of New York....

155

Prepared statement...

152

Nejelski, Paul, Deputy Assistant Attorney General, Department of

Justice..

176, 251

Powe, Lucas A., professor of law, University of Texas -

260

Prepared statement.-

263

Skopil, Hon. Otto R., Chief Judge, U.S. District Court for the District of

Oregon.--

158

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357

359

361

Page
377

377

377

APPENDIX IV-LETTERS
Letter from Hon. Griffin B. Bell to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Oct. 21,

1977)
Letter from Joseph F. Spaniol, Jr. to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier

(Nov. 1, 1977) -

Letter from Henry J. Friendly to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Nov. 4,

1977).

Letter from Edward T. Gignoux to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Nov. 7,

1977) --

Letter from Erwin N. Griswold to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Nov. 7,

1977)

Letter from Richard H. Field to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Nov. 9,

1977)

Letter from Hon. Warren E. Burger to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier

(Nov. 18, 1977)--

Letter from Kenneth C. Blickenstaff to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier

(Nov. 23, 1977)--

Letter from Harry Phillips to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Dec. 6,

1977)-

Letter from Kenneth L. Karst to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Dec. 7,

1977)---

Letter from Victor A. Vilaplana to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Dec. 7,

1977) -

Letter from Morell E. Sharp to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Dec. 21,

1977)-

Magistrates Reform

APPENDIX V-ADDITIONAL STATEMENTS

Halasz, Gilbert Frank, on behalf of the United States Court Reporters

Association.

The Chicago Council of Lawyers.

Association of the Bar of the City of New York, Federal Bar Council -

APPENDIX VI_PREVIOUSLY PUBLISHED MATERIALS
Spaniol, Joseph F., Jr., The Federal Magistrates Act: History and De-

velopment, 1974 Ariz. St. L.J. 565.-

Comment, An Expanding Civil Role for United States Magistrates, 26

Amer. U.L. Rev. 66 (1976) -

Rodino, Peter W., Magistrates' Reform: A Way to Aid Congested Federal

Courts, Trial Magazine 32 (Nov. 1977)

Parajudges, Their Role in Today's Court System (1976).

Goshko, John M., Wider Role for U.S. Magistrates Sought to Cut Court

Backlog, Washington Post, Apr. 16, 1977, p. A7, col. 1.-

APPENDIX VII-STATISTICS AND STUDIES

Personnel in the U.S. Judiciary--

U.S. Magistrate Positions Authorized by the Judical Conference -

Workload of U.S. Magistrates (from 1977 Annual Report of the Director

13–16, 174–181).-

U.S. District Courts, Classification of Prosecutions Above the Level of

Minor Offense During the 12-month Period Ending June 30, 1977---

Memorandum on projected costs of S. 1613----

APPENDIX VIII-LETTERS

Letter from Donald P. Manthey to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Sept. 7,

1977)

Letters from Dennis M. Sweeney to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Sept. 16

and 30, 1977).

Letter from Paul J. Komives to Hon. Peter W. Rodino (Sept. 26, 1977) --

Letter from William L. Dousman to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier (Oct. 19,

1977) -

Letter from William B. Spann, Jr., to Hon. Robert W. Kastenmeier

(Oct. 20, 1977)---

454

503

509

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