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PARAGRAPHS 92-94—POTTERY.

CONTINENTAL POTTING.

Following the same general outline, I give brief comparisons on the Continent:

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PARAGRAPHS 92–94—POTTERY.

GERMANY.

Materials.

The following table will indicate the difference in cost of materials:

Materials.

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Plates, 8 inch.
Plates, 7 inch
Plates, 6 inch
Plates, 5 inch.
Cups, handled.
Saucers.
Bowls, 24s, finished.
Bowls, 30%, finished.
Bowls, 36s, finished.
Bowls, 24s, finished, turned
Bowls, 30s, finished, turned.
Bowls, 36s, finished, turned
Casseroles, 8 inch..
Teapots, complete, jigged.
Teapots, complete, presed.
Soup turcens, 9-inch oval.
Orster tureens, 10 inch,
(wspiilor slop jars.
Cupidor spittoons..

$0.0286

.0254 .0190 .0175 .0239 .0165 .0299 .0299 .0299 .0588 .0588 0588 .30 .24

.055 .05 .13 .12

1.06

.68 1.00 2. 76 1.50 1. 29

.714
.543
767

.12

.45

PARAGRAPHS 92-94-POTTERY.

CONTINENTAL CHINA AND PORCELAIN.

In the production of chinaware the labor element enters into the total cost in larger proportions to the materials than it does in earthenware. In consequence of this fact, the ratio of labor cost to the cost of materials is even greater in the American product than has been shown in the earthenware comparisons.

FRANCE-MATERIALS.

The French manufacturers are furnished with their body and glazed materials mixed ready for use. In the following table the American body and glazed materials have been valued in the same way, viz, the prepared body and glazed.

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LABOR.

Comparative weekly earnings.

France.

America.

Plate makers.
Saucer makers.
Cup makers.
Casters (men).
Casters (women).
Handlers (women).
Handlers (men).
Pressers.
Dish makers.
Throwers.
Turners.
Polishers.
Oven placers.
Dippers (men).
Dippers (girls).
Firemen
Saggar makers.
Mold makers.
Packers.
Laborers.
Decorators and gilders (fine work).
Decorators and gilders (cheap work).
Transferrers (girls).
Superintendent.

$6.75
6.36
6.75
5.79
4. 24

3.08
None.

6. 17 6.70 8.68 8.68 5. 79 4. 82 4. 63 2. 89 5. 79 6. 75 6.75 5. 21 3.08 8.68 4. SO

3. 86 9.65-15. 24

$25.00 24.00 26.50 23.00 None. None. 20.00 22.00 24.50 26.00 22.00 18.00 20.00 30.00 None. 22.00 27.50 22.00 18.00

9.00 25.00 15.00

7. 40 20.00-50.00 .14 . 16

PARAGRAPHS 92-94-POTTERY.

Comparative piecework prices.

FESTOON OR FANCY SHAPES.

France.

America.

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Plates:

8) inches...
71 inches.
64 inches.
8 inches deep.

64 inches deep..
Fruits, 49 inches.
Saucers..
Cups, hand:

Teas..
Dishes:

9 inches (pressed).
10 inches (pressed)
12 inches (pressed)
14 inches (pressed

16 inches (pressed).
Bakers’ 84 inches (pressed).
Soup tureens (pressed)
Covered dishes (pressed).
Casseroles (pressed).
Sauce boat and stand (pressed).
Pickles (pressed)..
Covered butters and drs. (pressed).
Sugars (pressed).
Creams (pressed).

.276
.36

.30 53 63

.461

.75 . 52

.552
.324
1.50
.924
.972
.924
. 162
.336
.346
.276

3.75 1.70 1.70 1.55 .33

60 1. 12

. 75

PLAIN EDGE OR HOTEL SHAPES.

$0.062

. 051 .047 .056 .043 .041

$0.085

.075 .065 .09 .075 .05

Plates:

8-inch..
71-inch..
64-inch..
&-inch, deep.

64-inch deep.
Fruits.
Dishes:

6-inch.. 7-inch. 8-inch 9-inch 10-inch. 12-inch. 14-inch. 16-inch.

13

.074
.096
.121
. 137
. 162
.242
.30
.393

. 18 . 20

24 .32 .40

CASTING, FINISHING, AND HANDLING.

Dishes:

9-inch
10-inch.
12-inch.
14-inch.

16-inch
Baker's, 84-inch.
Soup tureens.
Covered dishes.
Casseroles.
Sauce boats.
Pickles.
Sugars. 6t.
Creams, 6t.

$0.112

. 151
. 198
. 253
.303
. 178
.825
.508
.534
.508
.089
. 19
. 151

$0.27

.30 .53 .63 .75 .52 3.75 1.70 1.70 1.55

.33 1. 12 .75

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The overhead charges and expenses are calculated at from 26 to 33} per cent of the total cost of materials and labor. These figures correspond very closely with the English method of arriving at cost.

GERMANY

A variety of materials of the same general character are used in Germany, and for comparative purposes I have taken those most closely resembling in kind and quality the materials used in America. For example, German coal can be purchased as low as $2.62 per ton. Coal in Germany ranges from $2.62 to $6.19 per ton. I have taken a grade of coal, or a mixture of coals, which most nearly corresponds with the American coal, valued at $3.69 per ton.

LABOR.

The pottery industry is scattered over the entire country of Germany, and the wages vary somewhat in different localities. The figures of the Chamber of Commerce, Sonneberg, confirm my figures and show that I am giving high values. This table is as follows:

Average weekly earnings by age.

[Tiine, 60 hours per week.) Males under 16 years: Day wage..

$2.30 Piecework..

2. 88 Males, 16 to 20 years: Day wage.

2. 88 Piecework..

4. 32 Males, over 20 years:

3. 60 Day wage.... Piecework (maximum).

7. 20 Females under 16 years:

2. 16 Day wage. Piecework..

2.88 Females, 16 to 20 years: Day wage.

2. 16 Piecework..

2. 64 Females over 20 years:

2. 16 Day wage. Piecework...

3. 00 Consul General Dillingham's report also corroborates these figures: Consul General Dillingham's report:

$5.99 Jiggermen and pressers (tableware).. Casters (females) (tableware)...

4. 39

4. 76 Kiln placers and burners..

5. 62 Decorators (tableware and fine china).

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