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OSCAR W. UNDERWOOD, Alabama, Chairman. CHOICE B. RANDELL, Texas.

ANDREW J. PETERS, Massachusetts. FRANCIS B. HARRISON, New York. A. MITCHELL PALMER, Pennsylvania. WILLIAM G. BRANTLEY, Georgia.

TIMOTHY T. ANSBERRY, Ohio. DORSEY W. SHACKLEFORD, Missouri. SERENO E. PAYNE, New York. CLAUDE KITCHIN, North Carolina.

JOHN DALZELL, Pennsylvania. OLLIE M. JAMES, Kentucky.

SAMUEL W. MCCALL, Massachusetts. HENRY T. RAINEY, Illinois.

EBENEZER J. HILL, Connecticut. LINCOLN DIXON, Indiana.

JAMES C. NEEDHAM, California. CORDELL HULL, Tennessee.

JOSEPH W. FORDNEY, Michigan. WINFIELD 8. HAMMOND, Minnesota. NICHOLAS LONGWORTH, Ohio.

DANIEL C. ROPER, Clerk.

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PREFACE.

Tariff hearings were begun on January 6, 1913, pursuant to the following notice:

The Committee on Ways and Means announces to all concerned that it will hold hearings at Washington, Þ. C., looking to the revision of the present tariff act as per the following schedule:

Schedule A: Chemicals, oils, and paints; Monday, January 6, 1913. Schedule B: Earths, earthenware, and glassware; Wednesday, January 8. Schedule C: Metals and manufactures of; Friday, January 10. Schedule D: Wood and manufactures of, and schedule L: Silk and silk goods; Monday, January 13.

Schedule E: Sugar and manufactures of, and Schedule H: Spirits, wines, and other beverages; Wednesday, January 15.

Schedule F: Tobacco and manufactures of, and Schedule M: Pulp, paper, and books; Friday, January 17.

Schedule G: Agricultural products and provisions; Monday, January 20.
Schedule 1: Cotton manufactures; Wednesday, January 22.
Schedule J: Flax, hemp, and jute, and manufactures of; Friday, January 24.
Schedule K: Wool, and manufactures of; Monday, January 27.
Schedule N: Sundries; Wednesday, January 29.
Free list: Administrative features and miscellaneous; Friday, January 31.

The hearings will be conducted in the hearing room of the committee, 321 House of Representatives Office Building.

Sessions will begin at 10 a. m. and 2 p. m, unless otherwise ordered.

Persons desiring to be heard should apply to the clerk of the committee previous to the date set for the hearing, to be assigned time on the program for that day. In making such application the following information should be given:

Name; permanent address; temporary address in Washington; person, firm, or corporation represented; paragraphs of the act concerning which testimony will be given; brief mention of attitude to revision of the tariff; and the amount of time desired.

In addition to this the person intending to give testimony should forward in advance to the clerk a copy of his brief and of any documents he desires to file with the committee. In preparing this brief it is desired that the following outline be observed:

1. State by items and paragraphs the changes in duties recommended, assigning in each instance reasons for recommendations.

2. Estimate the increase or decrease of imports by paragraphs and items, which would result from suggested modifications of duties.

3. Explain methods or experience relied upon in making estimates. 4. Suggestions as to changes in phraseology of present tariff law.

5. Suggestions as to the betterment of the administrative features of the present law,

All briefs and other papers filed with the committee should have indorsed on them the name and address of the persons submitting them and the numbers of the paragraphs of the present tariff law to which they relate.

0. W. UNDERWOOD,

Chairman. DECEMBER 11, 1912.

III

The time devoted to the hearings in accordance with this notice was distributed by tariff schedules as follows, the committee sitting as a rule in both day and evening sessions:

Date.

Schedule A.

January 6 and 7. Schedule B

.January 8 and 9. Schedule C..

.January 10, 11, and 14. Schedules D and L.

January 13. Schedules E and H.

January 15. Schedule F.

.January 17. Schedule M.

..January 17 and 18. Schedule G.

.January 20 and 21. Schedule I.

January 22 and 23. Schedule J..

.January 24 and 25. Schedule K

January 27 and 28. Schedule N.

January 29 and 30. Free list, Administrative and Miscellaneous..

January 31-February 1. Beginning with January 10 and with the testimony on Schedule C, all witnesses appearing before the committee were sworn before giving testimony.

The stenographic minutes of each day's proceedings, together with the briefs and memorials filed, were printed and distributed usually on the day following and about 2,500 copies of this first print were thus disposed of through a mailing list of requests and on personal application. Copies were sent to each witness with the request that he make necessary corrections for clearness in his statement and return the revised copy to the clerk. Such corrections have been observed in preparing this revised edition of the hearings. In this revised edition the chronological order of the statements has been disregarded and the oral testimony and the papers filed on each subject have been grouped and arranged as near as practicable, according to the paragraphs of the present tariff law.

A large number of letters filed with the committee, merely stating the attitude of the writer or substantially repeating arguments already appearing in the hearings, have not been printed in this revised edition but such letters are in the committee's files and accessible to the committee. By this means the size of the volumes has been somewhat reduced, the printing has been expedited, and repetitions and duplications avoided.

DANIEL C. ROPER,

Clerk, Committee on Ways and Means. FEBRUARY 1, 1913.

CONTENTS,

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Preface.....

Date of hearings.
Outline of briefs..

Time devoted to hearings.
Acme White Lead & Color Works, Detroit, Mich., white lead and colors.
Allen, Hon. A. G., telegram....
American Alkali & Acid Co., Bradford, Pa., oxalic acid.
American Camphor Refining Co., Boston, Mass., crude and refined camphor..
American Chicle Co., New York, N. Y., gum chicle.......
Arnold & Co., New York, N. Y., soaps, etc...
Arnold, Francis R., New York, N. Y., fancy, toilet, and castile soaps, etc.
Badcock, Robert, jr., New York, N. Y., cod oil...
Baker & Adamson Chemical Co., Easton, Pa., photographic chemicals.
Baker & Bro., New York, N. Y., synthetic and refined camphor....
Baker Castor Oil Co., New York, N. Y.:

Castor seed, flaxseed, castor oil...

Soluble oil, alizarin...
Batten Co., New York, N. Y., perfumery.
Baugh & Sons Co., Philadelphia, Pa.:

Charcoal, blood char, etc.

Gelatin, glue, and glue size..

Bauer Chemical Co., New York, N. Y., chemicals.

Beckton Chemical Co., Newark, N. J., lithopone..

Berry Bros., varnish, quicksilver, white lead, and white pigments..

Bird & Co., New York and Boston, varnishes.....

Black Horn Leather Co., Great Bend, Pa., fish and cod oils..

, , sponges...

,

Bosson & Lane, Atlantic, Mass., alizarin and soluble oil, castor oil.
Bowker, W. H., Boston, Mass., arseniate of soda..
Boykin, S. G., Atlanta, Ga., Epsom salts....
Bredt & Co., New York, N. Y., tannic acid or tannin.
Brigham, Louis S., Randolph, Vt., sheet gelatin.
Brigham Sheet Gelatin Co., Randolph, Vť..
Bright, F. S., Washington, D. C., olive and cottonseed oil.
Brindle, Frank M., chemicals, oils, paints, and perfumery, etc..
Brown, H. W., and others, laundry soap...
Buddecke, Wm. A., Mineral Point, Mo., barytes.
Callahan, P. H., Louisville, Ky., varnish gum, china-nut and soya-bean oils..
California firms regarding duty on cream of tartar, crude tartar or wine lees,

cream of tartar, tartaric acid..
Campbell & Co., New York, N. Y., dyestuffs, logwood and hematine extracts,

[graphic]

99

pastes, etc....

Carpenter, H. B., Newark, N. J., animal charcoal.

Cassella Color Co., New York City, fast vat dyes..

Chamber of Mines & Oil, Los Angeles, Cal., borax, borate products..

Cleveland Tanning Co., Cleveland, Ohio, cod oil....

Cochrane Chemical Co., Boston, Mass., sulphuric acid.

Cocorullo, Ferdinand, New York, N. Y., mannit....

Colgate & Co., New York, N. Y., santonin, perfumed and laundry soaps.

Columbia Western Mills, West Pullman, Chicago, Ill., oils...

Coulston & Co., New York, N. Y., paints, colors, pigments, etc.

Crescent Burner Manufacturing Co., New York, N. Y., cut steatite or German

lava...

Crowdus Drug Co., Dallas, Tex., medicinal preparations..

197

305

163

122

293

41

87

398

73

353

133
377

Page.

Cushman, Allerton S., Washington, D. C., chemical industry

8

Davis, Albert, New York, N. Y., sponges....

431
Day & Son, New York, N. Y., gelatin, glue, etc....

206

Debie, Dr. J., St. Louis, Mo., chemical industry..

7

Delany, Charles, Philadelphia, Pa., glue and gelatin.

204

Dick, Joseph, New York, N. Y., bone glues in cake form...

217

Dippel, William J., New York City, nitrate of ammonia..

89
Dodge & Olcott Co., New York, N. Y., oil of cloves, drugs, chemicals, etc.. 68
Dow Chemical Co., Midland, Mich., bleaching powder, or chloride of lime. 114
Drury, Jno. H., Troy, Ohio, chlorate of potash.

371

Elson & Brewer, New York, N. Y., salicylic acid.

30

Emery, Lewis, jr., Bradford, Pa., oxalic acid.

54

Ewing Fox & Co., New York, N. Y., calcimines, paints, and varnishes.

324

Geigy-ter Meer Co., New York, N. Y., tannic acid and nutgall extracts.

53

Goodrich & Co., Milwaukee, Wis., linseed oil....

260

Grasselli Chemical Co., Cleveland, Ohio, acetate of lead, sulphide and chloride

of zinc.

326

Greene, Hon. William S., sperm oil..

287
Griffin Drug Co., Peekskill, N. Y., white lead (whiting, Paris white).

323
Gudger, Francis A., New York, N. Y., pyroxylin compounds...

166

Hamilton, Francis E., Esq., New York, salicylic acid..

18

Harshaw, Fuller & Goodwin Co., Cleveland, Ohio:

Cream of tarter, tartaric acid.

45

Crude and refined glycerin....

226

Tartrate of lime, or wine lees, crude..

88

Hart, Albert, New York, N. Y., raw sponges.

419

Heller & Merz Co., Buffalo, N. Y., coal-tar dyes...

137

Heller & Merz Co., Newark, N. J., ultramarine blue..

310

Heyden Chemical Works, New York, N. Y., salicylic acid...

18

Hibberd, N., San Francisco, Cal., whale oil, sulphur bottoms, finbacks, etc... 293

Higginson Manufacturing Co., Newburgh, N. Y., whiting and Paris white. 323

Howard, Henry, Boston, Mass., general.

1

Hubbard, R. S., Philadelphia, Pa., paints,

322

Huff, Dr. L. J., Los Angeles, Cal., olive oil.

262

Irsch, Frank E., New York, N. Y., glue and gelatin..

208

Italian Chamber of Commerce, New York, N. Y.:

Argols and wine lees, citrate of lime, lemon juice, licorice root, etc... 101

Olive, peppermint, and whale oil.

284

Job & Co., New York, N. Y., cod oil.

288, 298

Johnson & Johnson, New Brunswick, N. J.:

Chemical and pharmaceutical preparations..

6

Healing, court, and adhesive plasters...

378

Jones & Co., San Francisco, Cal., castor, rapeseed, and hempseed oil, etc. 257

Klipstein, É. C., New York, N. Y., indigo extracts or pastes, etc..

227

Krebs, H. J., Newport, Del., lithopone, crude baryta, and zinc ores.

300

Kubie Co., New York,'N. Y., chicle

234

Kuh & Valk Co., New York, N. Y., glue..

207

La Manna, Azema & Farnan et al., New York, N. Y., olive oil.

286

Lamar Chemical Works, Newark, N. J., phosphorus..

Laundry soap manufacturers, laundry soap...

400

Léon, Maurice, New York, N. Y., medicinal soaps, alcoholic and nonalcoholic

perfumery.

389

Leousi, Clonney & Co., New York, N. Y., bleached sponges.

428

Listers, A. C., Works, Newark, N. J., animal charcoal.

305

Lockwood, Brackett & Co., New York, N. Y., castile soap.

414

Longworth, Hon. Nicholas, of Ohio, telegram.

402

McCormick & Co., Baltimore, Md., juniper berries, etc.

168

McCormick, R. A., Baltimore, Md., juniper berries, insect flowers, gum asa-

fetida, marjoram leaves, celery seed, etc...

168

Mallinckrodt et al., tannic, gallic, and pyrogallic acid, caffeine, chloroform,

ethers, alkalies, alkaloids, etc.

46

Mariani,'c. A., New York, N. Y., olive oil...

278

Marx & 'Rawolle, New York, N. Y., refined glycerin.

224

Mechling Bros. Manufacturing Co., Camden, N. J.:

Epsom salts...

250

Silicate of soda..

417

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