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State of Public Affairs. cation now used for the poor in this cussed with freedoin out of thein. At kingdom. Some schools had been any rate the children will learn to established at Paris, but the clergy read, and the effect may be very difsoon found, that they would be detri- ferent from what the cabinet expects. mental to their views, and they have It seems scarcely possible, that popery succeeded at last in bringing them to should regain its ancient influence: suit their purpose. In fact, they have but irreligion has had for so long a done no more than what the clergy time its sway in France, that it may of England have attempted but with be replaced by superstition. out success in this country. With us This circumstance of Government the Lancasterian schools had scarcely establishing opinions, in which chilbeen established, and the public at dren should be educated, and the coalarge was in general convinced of the tradiction there is between the opinibenefit of instructing the younger ons maintained on the different sides minds in the grand principles of Chris- of the British Channel, ought to be a tianity rather than in the partial views warning to us, who profess our atof a petty sect, when the clergy of that tachment to scriptural religion only, established by law, a very small and how we inculcate upon our children, insignificant sect when compared with any thing, for which we have not the great body of Christians diffused the decisive warrant of scripture. Bethroughout the world, excited a cla- sides it is incumbent on us to be mour against them, and in opposition careful not to teach our children, set up their new establishment, which as is the custom with the sectaries of they had the presumption to stump Rome and England, to repeat things with the name of National schools, like parrots by rote. If we ask a and in which instruction was to be child' a question, the answer should given agrecable to their peculiar dng- not be put into its mouth, but it mas. However, in this country their should be derived from its own reflecsectarian principles did not avail so tion; and a very few trials will prove far as to destroy the schools on a more to every parent or teacher, how much enlarged plan. The children of Eng. easier and better this is than the comland, who are not of the sect estab. mon mode by catechisms, in which lished by law, have an opportunity of each sect teaches its particular notions; going to schools, where they will 'not and consequently as these notions be taught like parrots to repeat by rote contradict each other, some of the a set of assertions, formed by men just children must imbibe falsehood instead emerged out of popery, and which will of truth. Let the parable of our not bear the test of scriptural examina. Saviour, the poor man that fell among tion.

thieves, be read by a child, and approIt is not so in France. The ques- priate questions be asked from it." Its tion is there settled otherwise by an reason will be exercised by the answers, ordonnance of the king, who has and its mind opened : and so it will decreed that in all the schools, the Ca- be by all the plain passages of scriptholic, Apostolic and Roman religion ture, which indeed are the only ones, shall be taught, and no other. Conse- in which children should be instructed. quently the children in that country. The more difficult passages, on which must repeat like parrots a certain set of in fact the sectaries ground their sanotions, very different from those in rious opinions, ought to be reserved which the children of our schools for a more distant period : and a child, are instructed. They will be caught brought up in the rational manner we that the pope is the head of the church, have suggested, will be capable at that they must fall down before a con- manhood of discerning the futility of secrated wafer, and worship a triune the greater part of the doctrines, on god : that there is only one true reli- which the sectaries lay so much gion, and that theirs is that true one. stress, as well as the falsehood of some How far the scheme will succeed doctrines, in which the majority of time will shew. The education they professing Christians are united. receive in the schools will meet with The farther views of the French some opposition at home; for in con- cabinetare seen in the suppression of the sequence of the Revolution the attach. National lostitute and the Polytechment to the pope and to the clergy has nic School. The latter was admirably very much diminished, and many of adapted for the instruction of the ihe notions of the schools will be dis- people in all the arts of civil life; but

State of Public Affairs.

251 it seems that the pupils were not so at- As Europe is, or is said to be, detached to the reigning family as was de- livered, a new object has arisen for sired. Whether the Government will the employment of the deliverers, adopt any thing in its stead, time will which may lead to some new schemes shew: but it is not likely that there will of warfare. The Barbary powers have be the same encouragement held out to been harassing the coasts of Italy, and, proficiency in the arts as under the it is said, have succeeded in carrying former system.

off a Neapolitan Princess, betrothed A change is also likely to take place to the Duke of Berri, in her way froin in the ecclesiastical system. The Con- Palermo to Naples. Our chivalrous cordat is to undergo a revision, and it' knight, Sir Sydney Smith, has been is confidently asserted that the order endeavouring to excite the Christian of Jesuits is to be re-established. This powers to unite in a crusade against order had at one time the education the Mahometans in Africa. The mode of youth chiefly in its hands, and in of warfare of the latter is certainly less this line it displayed great talents ; but defensible than that of the Christians, they were counterbalanced with such for they make slaves of the male prigross defects, that their re-establish- soners, and enclose the females in ment may be considered not only as their harems. But as to the grounds an evil to the kingdom of France but of their wars they are perhaps superior. to Europe in general. It would be a They do not insult the Almighty with great advantage to this kingdom, if infainous appeals to justice, humanity education in our universities and pub- and religion, in which, in the tergilic schools were less confined than it versation of the Christian treaties, it is at present to the clergy. The mo- is evident that all cannot be right, and nastic institution in the Universities that there must among some of the particularly requires revision ; but it is powers reign a contempt of religion not likely that any change will be ef- and virtue entirely derogatory 10 the fected for some time in this respect. character they assume. It is a me

But the eyes of the public are turned lancholy thing to reflect, that at one to the trial of our countrymen, which time the African shores of the Mediwill have probably taken place before terranean acknowledged the authority this is published. The preparatory of the gospel. At present the name steps are already made known, and of Christian is there held in abhorafford a good specimen of the ideas rence : and it is not by war that it entertained by the French on justice. will be restored to its former honours. Their great object is to make the ac- Those shores were infected with the cused criininate himself, and if they sectarian principles of Augustine long do not gain this point, they extort before the Mahometan invasion, and from hin a variety of circumstances, at the time of the Saracen successes which may be converted to his injury. had mixed with the religion of Christ Their whole plan seems to be to de- the worship of images and a triune stroy innocence; and wretched is the God. The faith is now changed ; state of the poor man guiltless of crime, their places of worship are freed froin who is brought before their tribunal

. images, and worship is addressed only Our countrymen have answered their to the Supreme Being: but they have interrogatories with the spirit of Eng. set up Mahomet in opposition to our lishmen, and the publication of the Saviour, and the Coran instead of the trial may do much good to France ; Gospel. But during the last twenty, teaching that wretched country, in five years they have not shed so much what a miserable state is their criminal blood as the Christians. jurisprudence. The accusation is the Our own country has since our last favouring of the escape of a state cri- had one ground for consolation. The minal, and with this they wish to property tax was vainly attempted to blend a plot against government. No- be continued, in spite of the assurances, thing can appear more absurd to an that it was a war tax, and to cease Englishman than some of the interro- with the war. The opposition made gatories, in which they do not hesitate throughout the country by petitions to take for granted the guilt of the ac- from all parts was very great, yet the cused : but we shall reserve our further conflict was expected to terminale in remarks till the fate of our insulted a different manner. The ministry to countrymen is determined.

the last were pertinacious in their en

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deavours to continue the tax ; but, to higher classes better principles of mo. : the surprise of every one, when the rality than they at present possess. question came to a decision, they were A strange infatuation now pervades left in' a minority, the majority ex- the country. ' Formerly peace and ceeding it by thirty-seven. Thus was plenty were considered as blessings, for an end put to this odious tax, which which we could not be sufficiently offended all the principles of just and thankful to Divine Providence. Dit equitable taxation, and could be main- ferent principles are now promulgated, tuined only on the same principles, and long faces are seen because com that in a town besieged every inan is cheap. A smile covers them on the must part with his property of any rise of the markets. These inconsikind according to the state of the derate persons do not reflect, that place. One great objection to the tax plenty carries with it blessings on all was the advantage given to the land- classes. Could they raise the markets holder above the person who gained to the importation standard, the counhis livelihood by the sweat of his try would not be a gainer, and the brow. Both were made to pay out only points would be to enable the of the same annual income the same landholder to keep up his war-rents sum to government, though their si- and to increase the poor-rates. But tuations were materially different, and the subject is of great extent. We this advantage was given exactly con- shall continue to be thankful to God trary to true principles: for the land- for plentiful harvests ; and, notwithholder ought not to obtain an advan- standing all that we hear to the contage over his countrymen, inasmuch trary, hope that the backward spring as his security is so much the greater. will be followed by a kindly suminer, But the world, and this country in being persuaded that cheap corn is particular, bas much to learn on the equally advantageous to the consumer subject of taxation, which when duly and to the farmer. considered will introduce among the

NEW PUBLICATIONS IN THEOLOGY

AND GENERAL LITERATURE.

Resignation to the will of God Illustrated Member of Civil Society is attempted to be and Enforced by the Example of Jesus improved. By Israel Worsley. 12mo. Christ. A Sermon, preaclicd at the Uni- Ss. boards. tarian Chapel, Reading, Berks, on Sun- Remarks on the Rev. J. Harries's Treatise day Evening, March 24, 1816, on occa- on the “Proper Deity of Christ," and the sion of the Death of Mir. James Drover. Doctrine of “Three distinct Persons in With an Appendix, containing some God.” In a Letter to the Anthor. By Thoughts on the Support and Consolations a Layanan. (John Recs, Swansea.) 8vo. which the Unitarian System furnishes in 9d. seasons of affliction and trouble, and espe- An Address to the Committee of the Isle cially in the hour of death. By Robert of Sheppey Auxiliary Bible Society, conAspland, Pastor of the Unitarian Church, taining Animadversions on their Conduct; Hackney. 8vo. 1s. 6d.

with a copy of the Correspondence which Observations on the State and Changes took place on the Occasion, for having in the Presbyterian Societies of England rejected a Donation. By M. Harding. during the last Half Century: Also, on the 860. 8d. Manufactures of Great Britain; which have Illustrations of the Divine Government : been for the most part established and sup- tending to shew that every Thing is under ported by the Protestant Dissenters; tending the Direction of Infinite Wisdom and Goodto illustrate the Importance of Religious ness, and will terminate in the Production Liberty and Free Inquiry to the Welfare of Universal Purity and Happiness. By and Prosperity of a People. Preceded by 1. Southwood Smith. 12mo, extra boards. a Sermon on the Death of the Rer. Di. 6s. Joshua Toulmin, in which his character as a

Protestant Society
For the Protection of Religious Liberty.

La Peroase and

The Public Assemblies of the we cannot but insert a series of Re. second week in May,

solutions, adopted in February tast, by “Sweet month,

the Committee, respecting the suffering “If not the first, the fairest of the year!" Waldenses or Vaudois, as they appear were again terminated on Saturday, calculated to awaken particular s: m. May ii, 1816, by the Fifth Amual pathy, and may require co-operation Meeting of this modern, but impor- and support. tant Society. Although fatigued by 1. That the Protestant popalation of the 13 incessant toiis during the week - or parishes, which constitute the allies of Luzerne,

i. Marlin, piaced between compelled to return to their country France and the vales of l'iedn.od, and now residences-or retiring to prepare for restored by the general peace to tha gore.ment the duties of the ensuing Sabbath, about 15,000 persons, and to be distinguished many i linisters are most reluctautly by their lug, fervent, disinterested piety, --hy coinpeiled to be absent from these their incomparable sacrifices for the Proiestaut

faith, api by their recent suferings, present Anniversaries; yet the Meeting was poverty, and unmerited distress. 2. lhat ages, never more numerous, nor more re

antecedent to the general reforipation, as well

as every subsequens epocha, have wituessed their spectable than upon this occasion. It simplicity of manue's-their devotion to Proincluded Ministers and Laymen oftestant principles-their industry, henevolence, every denomination, and from many from all oational ininunities, and their en. parts of England and Wales, and com- durance of persecutions, frequent, cruel, and pletely filled the extensive room in oppressive. 3. Ibat the knowledge of their

worth and distress, has therefore obtained for which it was convened.

them in many successive periods, the political SAMUEL Mills, Esq. who, although protection and the pecnniary aid of the Proa Member of the Established Church,

iestant cantons of Switzerland, and the Protest

ant government of Holland; and has especially presided with intrepidity and Chris- interested the royal compassion of King William tian liberality at the Public Meeting III. and Queen Mary; and of subsequent British assembled to oppose the Bill of Lord the British people. 4. That The Royal SubSidmouth, with which this Society sidy, established by King William and Queen originated, and who has also presided Mary, consisting of 400" livres of Piedmont, on every subsequeot public occasion, is parishes; and The National Suissidy, prowas upanimously invited to the chair. duced by a coilection in England about 40 years

Mr. Thomas Pellatt, one of the ministers, baving been withdrawn since the year Secretaries, then adopted the plan 1797, when Piedmont was incorporated with which had been invariably pursued, augmented, and especially, as since the restorand, for the general information, read ation to the government of Sardinia, their the Minutes of the Proceedings of the ancient persecutions have been revived ; and Committee, at their regular and Ex- demand not only sympathy, but immediate intraordinary Meetings during the pre- lerposition, and as well active as pecuniary ceding year,

support. 5. That their long, affectionate, and

grateful attachment to the English nation, enIt would be difficult even to enu- titles them to their peculiar commiseration and merate the subjects which bad suc- respect; and that this Committee will therefore cessively, occupied their attention, Christians and Protestants, to obtain some funds and required their advice or aid. Their for their permanent assistance, as well as real number, variety, and importance cop- security for their enjoyment of those rights of

conscience and feedom of worship, which they firmed the just and general opinion of highly and justly esteem. 6. That contidence in the great utility of an Association, by the liberality of the present administration, and which so much had been effected, and induce this Committee to represent the circum. from wbich so much continued to be stances of these venerable, pious, and afflicted

Waldenses to their compassion, before they constantly required.

decide on the amount of pecuniary relief which The Proceedings, as to the Chapel they will afford, and before they excite their Exemption Bill, the Appeals against friends, and correspondents to those exertions the Assessment of Chapels to the necessity implores--which Christianity will dicPoor's Rates, and the liberal exer- tate, and which beneticence cannot bat hasten to tions on bebalf of the persecuted supply:

instructed to transmit a copy of one of the Protestants of France--were included letters submitted to this Meeling, a statement of among the subjects which most at- the population of the vallies; a memoir priated tracted attention, and excited an during the past year on this subject, as well as

these resolutions, to the Right Hon. the Earl of interest, universal and sincere :--but Liverpool, for the information of bimself and of

7. That the Secretaries be therefore

Protestant Societg his colleagues, and to reqnest their speedy im. cult to extenuate and impossible to ter position---their important advica-and their permanent, renewed, and much-needed relief. deny. Respect for the applicant bad

Mr. John Wilks, the other Se. induced compliance with vis request; cretary, gratified the Meeting by but it was expected that those trials presenting them with an analysis of must finally occur, as the Committee those proceedings, to which the intended to insist on the repayment attention of the Committee had been of the enormous costs which they had .devoted.

been compelled to incor, and on such The results of the measures which other terms as justice to the generał were depending at the last Anniver- interests of religion, - as the promosary he detailed.

Those measures tion of future and general security, consisted of the Bill for the Exemp- avd as consequent attention to real tion of Places of Religious Worship humanity appeared to the Committee from Parochial Assessment ; and of to require. THREE PROSECUTIONS for the disturb. The new objects, which had attracance of the numerous and respectable teď the labors of the Committee during congregation of the Rev.John Carter, the past year, he then attempted to at Braintree, in Essex; and of the explain. Those objects again comBAPTIST congregation at Princes prehended, the demand of tolls at TurnoRISBOROUGH, in the county of Bucks; pike. Gates on Sundays, from persons and for the atrocions riots and as- entitled to exemption under their parsaults on the Rev. W. Seaton, and ticular turnpike acts ; – the refusal of the friends of piely at ABBOTT's Ann, Clergymen to read the burial-service near Andover, in the county of Hants. over the bodies of those who had not reAs to the Bill, it was explained that, ceived episcopal baptism;-the appliafter the Committee had procured the eations of elergymen for fees on the insupport of the Earl of Liverpool and terment of the dead in burial places Mr. Vansittart, as well as of the prin: belonging to Protestant Dissenters ;cipal Members of Opposition in Par- the excessive assessment of the apartliament, their efforts were frustrated ments of the Rev. Dr. Simpson in by the mismanaged interference of an- Hoxton Academy ;-absurd and illegal other Committee-by the exertions of objections by country magistrates to the violent Tory and High Church administer the oaths, when required, party — and by disunion among the by any Dissenter or Protestant, purMembers of Administration, which suant to the New Toleration Act, the utmost labours of the Committee obtained by the Society-and to regiscould neither counteraet nor prevent. ter places of worship notified to Two of the ProsecutionS had ter. them ; - as well as the numerous minated in the conviction and pn. turnpike and local acts annually subnishment of the offenders, notwith- mitted to Parliament, and which often standing the utmost endeavoors to pre- contain clauses prejudicial to Dissenřent those results, by persons whose ters ;- and to all wbicb objects the magisterial and oflicial situations de. Committee had devoted their attenmand at least impartiality, if not fa. tion, not only with benefit to local vour, towards Dissenters and Protest- sufferers, but for general and permaants, iftbey would honourably execute, nent advantage. Persevering attempts according to the intention of the legis- to assess places of publie worship to the lature, those acts for toleration, which Poor's Rates had also been continued, it is their duty to administer and to and bad required to be resisted with enforce. The THIRD PROSECUTION, equal perseverance. Another immefor the Riots at Abbott's Ann, remain- mediate application to Parliament the ed undetermined. A gentleman, the Committee could not recommend. brother of the clergyman of that pa- Previous and conclusive decisions of rish, being the Chairman of the Quarter some Courts of Law they apprehendSessions for the county of Hants, and ed must be pronounced before such who has recently been appointed a application could be prudently renewQudge of one of the superior courts, ed. Efforts for extending such assess had applied, previous to the last as ments they intended firmly to oppose, sizes, and had requested the postpone- whenever the opposition would be ment of the trials, that some propo- justified by any probability of advansals might be made on behalf of the tage. The amount of the assessments persons whose guilt it would be diffi- they did not consider the most obo

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