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Dri Lloyd on the Greek Article, is well-founded, I propose, with no Taylor has higher claims to esteem ordinary measure of certainty, to de- than those which the profoundest monstrate the fallacy of its application. learning alone would furnish, to which As the matter now stands,—both the neither he nor I presume to urge any doctrine and its application being un- pretensions. His genuine simplicity, refuted, because the former is sound his modest manners, his diligence of and because the rottenness of the latter inquiry and love of the truth, add grace is not perceived, there is no alter- and ornament to the clearness of his native but to admit that Jesus is the perception, and to the respectable only true God, or to deny the authority learning which

disuinguishes him in of the apostolic writings. I thank the his profession. These have contributed Almighty that I am not reduced to their full share towards securing to him this dilemma, because my consolation the attention and patronage of the most under the afflictions of this state, the renowned scholars of our times. It is visitations of God and the malignity a great satisfaction to me to be able to of men, is the evangelical hope of appeal to him for the originality of thc eternal life, of which I should be de- principles on which iny argument prospoiled by the election which would ceeds, and for the complete conviction be forced on my mind.

which results from them. I may be It is a long while since I intimated, able to bring forward some collateral in a note to one of my papers on Acts considerations to fortify it, that have not XX. 28, that Dr. Middleton's, "Doc- presented themselves to his mind; but trine" appeared to be generally true. have no hesitation in saying, that he In my letter, given in your number for will fully support my delaration, that November last, it is asserted, that "the "all the learning called to the aid of argument" deduced from that doetrine, the argument from the Greek artiele by

is totally unfounded," and that I Middleton, Wordsworth, &c. is altocan demonstrate that the new doctrine gether wasted." of the Greek drticle fails to prove the At the same time, I am compelled to Divinity or Deity of Christ." I am at observe, that there is no appearance of a loss to guess what new facts Dr. Car, any desire among the Unitarians to penter can expect on a question of criti-countenance my efforts on this quescism, or what facts he has adduced to tion. In love of the truth I yield to which he require an addition. The none: thousands may boast of much principles on which I rely are not de- greater zeal for the interest of the party, signed as additions to those maintained which, like others, is not exempt from by former writers, but are independent weakness, or divested of a partiality of them. Without giving an exposi- towards those who, at least, unite detion of them, I will repeat, that I ad- votedness to the one, with an attachmit the chief principles of Dr. Middle- ment to the other. Indeed, the utton, thinking, however, that “nothing most indifference to the present subject, has yet been done with effect against has been indicated. This might exthe conclusion which he infers, though cite no small surprise on a moment's I hold it altogether inadmissible. consideration of the humiliating state

Ready to assign “honour to whom to which Mr. Yates was reduced in his hononr is due," I have to abserve that controversy with Mr. Wardlaw. Havthe ground on which I proceed has ing no other resource, he was under been discovered by two independent the necessity of transcribing the miserainquirers, and is probably unknown to ble and evasive gloss of a popular wriall others. I am happy to have this ter, which, to say the least, is any opportunity of bearing my humble tes. thing but satisfactory-a gloss which timony to the perspicuity of one of the may serve as a specimen of polemic most unassuming and best informed dexterity in 'a case that had no remedy friends of the Unitarian cause. It gave at command, but which is by no me no small pleasure to find, on means a fair sample of the general explaining to Mr. Richard Taylor my ability of its author, who seklom takes view of the irrelevaney of Dr. Middle in hand a subject on which he does not ton's "Doctrine' to the only question spread all the light yet cmitted from which confers on it the slightest impor- the orb of truth. tance, that he also had been impressed I am, however, content. The refus with precisely the same idea,--an idea tation of Dr. Middleton must, as it equally simple and decisive. Mr. scenis, gniain uncommunicated except:

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Gleanings.

283 to a few, whom envy may not render heresy, until it became established by incapable of apprehending it, by means law. Heresy begins in schism, and of personal explanation. Be it so. As ends in the sanction of the magisI seek no recompense, I will not, cer- trate. tainly, publish by subscription, which W. Taylor's English Synonyms. is the mode suggested by Dr. Carpenter in your magazine, and by an in

No. CCLIII. telligent and learned friend in a private Religion. Devotion." Piety: Sanctity. letter, the only persons who have · Religion is the bond which ties us considered my proposal as deserving of to the Deity; it is the external con notice. I am ready to offer my tract, the alliance made by others. labour on the altar of the God of Devotion is the wish to become obetruth." But if the truth be not worth dient to the Deity; it is the internal countenance, as truth, I withdraw, wil- subjection of man to his God. Piety ling neither to undergo a useless loss, is that filial sentiment which we feel nor to accept of any ungraceful obliga- for the Father of all. Sanctity is the tion. If the truth be lightly esteemed habit of interior coercion, which a on its own account and unconnected constant sense of duty to the Godhead with the exaltation of a favoured indi- inspires. vidual or of a favoured party, consid- He is religious who adheres to the erations of prudence and feeling must ordinances of his country or his sect. justify me in withholding it. If, how. He is devout whom this adherence has ever, any person will undertake to trained to allegiance.

He is pious procure the necessary subscriptions who regards the Deity as his Father. and to publish my work, the copy Sanctity is to piety what devotion is shall be at his service, and the profit to religion—the state of mind which at the service of any institution that results from acquiescence in the feelmay appear to merit support.

ing. I am, &c.

Some men are pious without being CHARLES LLOYD. religious; and some are religious with

out being pious. For a worldly perGLEANINGS; OR, SELECTIONS AND son it is sufficient to be religious.

REFLECTIONS MADE IN A Course Those are devout whose purposes emOF GENERAL READING.

brace their interests in other worlds. No. CCLII.

There is a fear of God observable in

these - times among the Calvinists, Heterodoxy. Heresy. Wat which is no less hostile to piety, than To be of a different persuasion that rude familiarity with the Almigh(érepos, other, and 80%, faith), consti- ty which is observable among Netutes heterodoxy; to have chosen -à thodists. Yet all these sentiments faith for oneself (aiperis, choice), con- grow out of religion, stitutes heresy. Heterodoxy is nega- Religion is considered as a duty; tive, heresy is positive dissent. The piety as a merit; devotion and sancheterodox differs, the heretic separates, tity as equivocal excesses. This arises Heterodoxy endangers conformity; he from the scepticism of the world, resy destroy union. Extensive hete- which questions the eventual retriburodoxies produce heresy:

tion of the industry spent in devotion, All distinct sects are heterodox with or of the privations incurred from respect to each other; Jew, Catholic, sanctity. One may infer a man's Calvinist and Socinian. That seçt creed from his using the words devoonly iş heretical which has a newer tion and sanctity with deference or creed than the party from which it with a sneer, dissents. In Christian countries the

The Same. Jews are not heretics; but they are. heterodox. In Protestaột countries,

No. CCLIV. the Church of Rome is not a heresy; Superstition. Credulity. Bigotry. but it is a heterodoxy. Socinianism, Enthusiasm. Fanaticism. while secretly entertained, is but a he- Those are called superstitious who terodoxy; when embodied as an 'Uni- ate, too much attached to ritual obtarian sect, it is a heresy.

servances of religion. Those are creTruth may form a heresy, and so dulous who are too easy of belief ; may error. Christianity was a Jewish those are bigoted who are too obstinate

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284

Gleanings. in their creed. Enthusiasm is the the Lord's day (yet not constantly) zeal of credulity, and 'fanaticism the to the academians: those were Mr. zeal of bigotry

Thomas Sampson, Dean of Christ Of our sects, the Catholics tend Church, and Dr. Lawrence Hunmost to superstition, the Methodists phrey, President of Magdalen College. to credulity; and the Calvinists to Nay, Sir Henry Saville hath often rebigotry. Enthusiasın is commonly a ported to certain intelligent persons, solitary, and fanaticism a social pas that have told me the same, that when sion. ; Credulity is the reverse of scep- he first came to the Unisersity, about ticism, and, bigotiy of indifference 1561, there was but one constant Superstition is humble and industri preacher in Oxon, and he only a Baouss enthusiasm proud and capricious. chelor of All Soul's College. These, Credulity is the most inconstant, fana. I say, preaching for the most part to ticism the most intolerant of the reli- the academians, their puritanical docgious affections.

trine took such deep root among their 1 The Same. auditors, that it never could be quite

extirpated. When Mr. Sampson left 1. ), No. CCLV.

the University, and Dr. Humphrey Tiberius a Royal Pattern. 4 often absent upon occasions, and none

Tiberius a Royal Pattern. *** left, perhaps, to execute the office of citat,

William Penn, in his N. Cross no preaching rightly, Richard Taverner, Crown, cites Tiberius in his list of of Woodeaton, near Oxford, Esq. did witnesses to the just principle, the prin several times preuch in Oxford, and ciple of life... As far as the citation when he was High Sheriff of this extends, would to heaven that Chris county (which was a few years

after Lian kings (as some kings are called) this,) came into St. Mary's church, woulý lay to heart this testimony of á out of pure charity,, with golden Heathen emperor!

chain about his neck, and a sword, Tyberius would not suffer him- as 'tis said, by his side, (but false, with self, to be called Lord, nor yet His out doubt, fór he always preached in Saqed Majesty; for (says he) they are a damask gown,) and gave the acadwine titles, and lelong not to man. demians, destitute of evangelical ads The commissioners of his treasury vice, a sermon beginning with these advising him, To increase his taxes upon words: the people, he answered, No, it uxas

Arriving at the Mount of St. fit to shear, but not to flea the sheep." Mary's in the stony stage, * where I

now stood, I have brought you some No. CCLVI.

fyne biskets baked in the oven of chaJohn Fox, the Martyrologist. ritie, carefully conserved for the chick, When the famous John Fox, the ens of the church, the sparrows of the martyrologist, was summoned to sub

spirit, and the sweet swallowes of sal sctibé, by the queeti's direction, the

vation, &c. venerable old man produced his Greek College, in Oxford, afterwards Master

He was some time of Cardinal Testament, and said, “To this I will of Aris' and at length Clerk of the srdiscribe.And when a subscription Signet to King Henry VIII. and Edto the canons was required, he refused ward VI., from the last of whom he it, saying, "I have nothing in the obtained Letters (though a mere laychutch, save a prebend at Salisbury, man) to preach the word of God in and so much good may it do you,

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if you' will take it away from me.'

any church of his majesty's dominions, · Fuller's Ch. Hist. B. ix. p. 76.

A good scholar he was of his time,

but an eneny not only to the CathoNo. CCLVII.

' lic religion, but to the ceremonies of

the Church of England now in their An eminent Lay Preacher. infancy;" “ After lamenting the dispersion of

I Vood's Annals, 1563, 5, 6 Eliz. the scholars on account of the plague, vol. ii. quoted in Letters of Eminent and the low ebb. to which learning Persous, from the Bodteian Liltary, was reduced in consequence of it, he vol. i. p. 07, 08. Nute. proceeds thus : Preachers I am sure were so fare, that there were but two * «St. Mary's pulpit was then of fine in the University that preached on carved Ashler stone."

2011,

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REVIEW.
“ Still pleased to praise, yet not afraid to blame.".--POTE.

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Arr. I.-The Village School Improved ; ing to introduce into the school some

or, the new System of Education prace of the recent improvements in educatically explained, and adupted to the tion.”

Case of Country Pariskes. The third For a detailed account of the Enedition, with additions. To which more school, we must refer our readers is added, an Ippendix, containing to the publication before us. In the Specimens of Catechetical Exercises; general plan of this seminary there are an Account of the Method of teach- two circumstances which deserve more ing Arithmetic in Classes, and by immediately our notice and applause: the Agency of the Scholars them we mean, " the method of teaching." selves, Mental Arithmetic on a new and the rank of life of some of the chiland simple Principle, &c. By dren who receive instruction. John Poole, M. A. Late Fellow of Oriel College, Oxford, Rector of of Dr. Bell's and Mr. Lancaster's systems,

“ The method of teaching is a compound Enmore and Swainswick, Somerset, with alterations and additions. In what and Chaplain to the Right Hon.

respects it agrees, and in what it differs the Earl of Egmont. Oxford : at from each, may be seen at once in the the University Press. Sold, in Lon- subjoined table.” don, by Messrs. Rivington and by 1. It agrees with both--J. Hatchard. 1815. 12mo. pp. 188.

" In the division of the school into the large, and, we trust, in classes; each under the tuition of one of creasing, body of persons who

the scholars. exert themselves, in various ways, for

II. it agrees with Dr. Bell's--the success of popular education, we

“1. In the use of small, cheap books, cordially recommend this volume: it in preference to cards. is the result of the inquiries of a cul

“ 2. lo reading word by word, backtivated mind, accustomed to patient,

wards, and sometimes syllabically,

63. In unreiterated spelling. attentive observation, and instructed by

“ 4. In the reading and ciphering lesmuch individual experience; and it

sons being accompanied with questions. constitutes, on the whole, the inost

“ 5. In keeping a register of the busivaluable and interesting of all the pub- ness done in each class. lications on the subject.

“ 6. In the interrogative mode of comEnmore, from the parsonage of which municating religious instruction. the author dates the “ Advertisement 7. In the religious instruction being to the third edition,” is a village four according to the principles of the Estamiles west from Bridgewater in Som blished Church, ersetshire. Here a day-school had for III. It agrees with Mr. Lancas

ter's--some time been established, which Mr. Poole was in the practice of oc

“1, In all the children being seated casionally visiting. “ It consisted ge

at single desks, facing' one way. nerally of about twenty-five or thirty

“s 2. In all the children being taught

to write. children of both sexes; all of whom

3. In all the children being taught were taught to read; some few to

to spell, by writing on slates words dicwrite; and such of the girls as were

tated by the teachers. old enough were instructed in needle

" 4. In all the children, when of a work. The schoolmistress was an ac

proper age, being taught to cipher in tive, intelligent woman; who appear- classes. ed desirous of doing all in her power “ IV. The Enmore school differs from to bring on the children in their learn- the greater part of those, both on Dr. ing: but her plan of instruction being Bell's and Mr. Lancaster's systems--that which is followed in most of the “ In not being a free school. old village schools, the progress made

“ V. The following modifications and by the children, though equal to what additions have been introduced :* is usually made in such schools, was by no means such as satisfied” their # Some farther modifications and a:ldikind and intelligent visitor. Hence tions are described in the notes to this he “ formed the resolution of attempt- third edition.

VOL. XI.

2 P

286

Review.-Poole's New System of Education. “1. Writing from dictation connected, proficiency of the pupils advanced, by in various ways, with'every reading lesson. means of not a few very simple and

“ 2. Numerals, punctuation, &c. taught ingenious contrivances : silence, too, by writing from dictation.

is secured, and the necessity of the “ 3. Sets of questions and answers pro- frequent recurrence of punishment obvided for many of the reading lessons.

viated, by well-devised modes of ap“ 4. Sets of questions and answers pro- pealing to some of the best feelings of vided for the ciphering lessons ;---and for other things taught in the school.

the youthful breast. The teachers 94 5. Nothing repeated from memory,

and superintendants are eager to acuntil first read, with all the accompanying quire information from any quarter, esereises.

and to adopt every judicious hint or *** 6. Mr. Lancaster's method of teach-scheme in regard to practical and poing arithmetic considerably modified and pular education. On looking into extended : tables, in some rules, given on the last report of the British and Foreign a peculiar construction,” &c. &c. School Society, * we perceive, with

This table is important, as it exhi- much satisfaction, that in this respect hits the nature and extent of the in the labours of Mr. Poole have not been struction communicated in the En- useless: in the second of his classes “a more school, which “now (18157 which he is instructed, by the teacher

skewer is given to each child, with consists of a hundred children." A of the class, to form the letters in the gynoptical view, moreover, is thus pre- sand"-and availing himself of this sented of the respective systems of Dr. intimation, the industrious and skilful Bell and Mr. Lancaster. Many per- master of a school in one of our large sons suppose that the mechanism of the

manufacturing towns furnishes " euch schools denominated severally after those two individuals, is, in substance, to write the small letters and figures

loy" of the second class, “ with a style the same. No opinion can be more

in sand." We are also sanguine contrary to the fact.

Some of the points in regard to which their plans enough to indulge the hope that our difier, are here described : and others present notice of The Village School, will be visible on an inspection of a

&c. may excite in some of our readers Madras and of a Lancasterian semi

a desire of studying Mr. P.'s account nary; although the chief of the va- small' degree, the instruction of the

of it; and may thus assist, in no riations have not been overlooked by children of the poor. Mr. Poole. Of the schools somewhat

The Enmore school is divided into improperly termed “national," it is

eight classes. He who shall make a remarkable feature that the method of instruction observed in them is

himself acquainted with its general strictly uniform ; no deviations being volume, and with the business of each

arrangement, as described in this little permitted from the rules and order prescribed by Dr. Bell. In the other class (of which Mr. P. likewise gives class of popular schools, on the con- ble well rewarded. We shall not un

a distinct account), will find his troutrary, all those improvements take dertake an abridgement of the author's place which experience suggests or Lucal circumstances demand. The Royal without injury to them; and they me.

chapters: this could not be done Lancaster ian institutions, in most large rit a repeated and diligent perusal. towns of the kingdom, are conducted, His Village School, &c. whether it be it is true, agreeably to the leading viewed through the mirror of his pubprinciples first exemplified in this nation by the active and benevolent person present a most engaging scene to the

lication, or actually visited, cannot but whose name those seminaries deseryedly perpetrate : but the apparaties is veller. It is, no doubt, possible, and

eye of the benevolent reader or tra not identical with what may have been seen at the Borough school in the even probable, that different persons

will pronounce opinions more or less majority of the provincial schools time and labour are saved, and the favourable to some of the parts of the

plan of instruction which he has

detailed. But his zeal, intelligence Nothing more is intended by these and kindness, his unaffected candour remarks than to shew, that the Lancasterian scbools anny, and do, receive impretenents.

P. 87,

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