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Passage of Mr. Rymer's in the Council of the Trinity.

83 consonaut to all the grand and strik. · Homer represents even Jupiter, upon ing phenomena they sec around them; a great occasion, calling his dewr so wholly unmixed with metaphysi- ayogriv, his Parliament of the Gods." cal subtleties and scholastic contra. The author then adds the passage for dictions, should be anxiously solici., which I have quoted him: tous, in humble obedience to the so- “ I have heard Divines observe lemn injunctions of their divine Mas- something of this kind, as figured of ter, “ to let their light so shine be- God Almighty from those words, Let fore men,” that others seeing their us make man. Those words, in the incorruptible integrity, their exem- plural number, to them seemed to plary piety, their courage in refusing import, as if God summoned a Parto be conformed to this world, its de- liament of the Trinity, to consult uplusive maxims and its unhallowed, on that arduous affair. Our Christian dissipated pursuits,—their unbounded Poets have taken the same liberty, Christian benevolence, ever ready to and fancied this, as an image of greatjoin in every good work and labour of ness, where could be no accession to love, should thence be more power. the Wisdom and Omnipotence." fully stimulated “ to glorify their fa

Mr. Rymer has at least insinuated ther who is in heaven !"

his doubts of the popular Theology, May we indeed hope to see the

on a very important point, by this happy day when the superior excel.

manner of referring to it. He might, lence of Unitarian practice shall per. I apprehend, have quoted several fectly harmonize with the superior Christian Poets, who had thus indulgpurity of Unitarian faith? And that ed in theological as well as poetical the Monthly Repository may have licence. I conjectured at first, that the distinguished honour of contri- Milton was in his thoughts. Yet on buting towards this glorious result, is refreshing my recollection, by a rethe ardent wish of a sincere friend, ference to Paradise Lost, I find the and constant reader,

author, to be no Trinitarian), but C. C.

wbat, for distinction, has been deno

minated a high Arian. SIR,

I am not aware that throughout Oct. 22, 1815.

that Poem there is any acknowledgeof connecting Theology Literature, to notice in works, where tinct personality of a Holy Spirit, or they might not have been expected, attributed to the Son, the filial God.

any thing beyond a subordinate Deity any hints of a tbeological complexion. head, who goes forth to the work of With this view I offer you the fol- creation (B. vii.) in paternal glory. lowing passages :

On the creation of man the puet, inMr. Rymer, Historiographer to stead of introducing a Trinity, sings King William, who appears to have

how been well versed in polite literature,

-th' Omnipotent but is now chiefly known by his Eternal Fatber (for where is not be great Collection of the Federa, wrote Present ?) thus to his Son audibly spake, on “ the Antiqnity, Power and Decay Let us now make Man in our own image, of Parliaments,” in the form of a Letter, published in 1714, a few months In our similitnde. after the author's decease. Having

It is a later poet, Young, who, described an “ artificial mixed sort of somewhere in his prose works, infers government that always has obtained the dignity of man from the whole in Europe, and that which all, in Trinity having been employed in his some manner or other, with more or

creation. Young's theological ideas less success and perfection, have were indeed so gross, that in the tended to as the centre and only place Night Thonghts he describes the Cruof rest,” he says, p. 9,

cifixion as “ The first writers among us had their imaginations so overborne with Expended Deity, on human weal; the excellency of kingly government, and ranks this as principal among that they fancied in heaven Jupiter

-the great truths, which burst the to be the King of the Gods. And

tenfold night yet they thought the Common Coun- Of Heathen error, with a golden food cil so necessary and essential, that of endless day,

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Jubilee of the Reformation. As if a dying God or, as he quaint- ligious Jubilee may be not unworthily sings, an expended Deity had been ly celebrated by these who shall sura novelty to Heathens, who could vive to the now approaching third have referred the Christian poet to Centenary of the Reformation, an their Jupiter's tomb.

• event, to be valued not so much for Weil might a theologian of such a the state of things it immediately prowide swallow complain, as Young duced, as for that which it has occadoes at the commencement of the sioned. Centaur, that “ Socinus, like our in- The door, opened by Luther, to fidels, was one of a narrow throat;" free inquiry in religion, can thus also discovering the ignorance more be shut thay the gates of the or injustice too common with the poet which barred the passage out of reputed Orthodox, on such subjects. Chaos. Notwithstanding a transient Yet could Young be really iguorant obscurity the light will surely shine that a Bishop of St. David's, not a unto the perfect day. Nor can I forBurgess, had recommended, in a bear to apostrophize the persecutor Charge to his Clergy, the work of in the sublime language of the Bard, Socinus, de auctoritate sacræ scrip; Fond impious man think’st thou yon santuræ, as a valuable performance, and

guide cloud, that a Clerrgyman had published a Rais'd by thy breath, has quench'd the translation of the work, dedicated to orb of day? Queen Caroline, under the title of a To-morrow be repairs the golden flood Demonstration of the Truth of the And warnıs the nations with redoubled ray. Christian Religion. I have now be- It will probably be the admiration fore me the 2nd edition, 1732. of posterity that modern statesmen

IGNOTUS.

should have given themselves credit

for having secured the repose of EuSir,

Jan. 27, 1816, rope wbile they have united Tros MONG the Say Papers, in your Ritulusve-Papist, Protestant, and

Vol. iv. p. 488, is an account Greek, to restore that spiritual domiin one of Mrs. Shepherd's letters, of nation which had sunk into insignia Jubilee celebrated at Stockholm in ficance under the genius of Napoleon, 1717, on the 2nd Centenary of the but which for ages before had conReformation, which was considered tinually embroiled the world. Dagon as commenced by Luther, when “on is indeed again set on his pedestal, the eve of All Saints, in 1517, he af- yet, I trust, his mutilations can never fixed on the Church adjoining the be repaired. Castle of Wittemberg his Thesis con

OTIOSUS. taining thirty-five Propositions against Indulgencies, challenging any one to

Sır, oppose them either by writing or MONG the many laudable ef

lee was, at least partially, observed what I must take the liberty of calling in England, appears from a published idolatry, and to increase the number Sermon, entitled,

of Unitarian Christians, I have someThe Duty of Reformation. Set times been a little surprised, that it forth in a Serinon, preached at St. has not hitherto been thought of sufJames's, in the Chapel of his late ficient importance to make the road Royal Highness Prince George of more generally easy for the members Denmark, on the nineteenth Sunday of the Established Church. It is well after Trinity, 1717. On occasion of knowo that great numbers of them the Jubilee, kept about this time, by are highly dissatisfied with much of some Protestant Churches, in remem- what they there meet with—with the brance of the Reformation begun two Trinity-with their creeds---with the hundred years ago. By Anthony length of their services and with William Boehm, Chaplain to his late the frequent repetitions in the same Royal Highuess. London. 1718." service. Notwithstanding all these

The name Jubilee has been render- solid objections, however, it is equaled almost contemptible, in this coun- ly well known, that but few of them try, by the servile purposes of courtly can be prevailed upon to quit “ the adulation, to which, not many years Church” for “ the Meeting-house," ago, it was applied. Otherwise a re- where the minister prays, not in a

Plans recommended to Unitarian Dissenters.

85

you and the

form agreed upon by his congregation, tention was excited to this subject, bat according to his own good plea- by

a remark in Hall's publication on sure, which sometimes introduces a “ 'Terms of Communion," page 129, little politics into his religion.

where it is said that, “ the Lord's SupMost sincerely therefore do I wish' per is a positive and arbitrary instituthat Unitarians would adopt the li- tion, in consequence of which the turgic form of prayer, as a mean the right to it, is not to be judged of by most probable of inducing the mem- moral considerations and general reabers of the establishment to join them. soning, but by express prescription In a Liturgy, consisting of as many and command.” Now then, I wish services as you please, the Trinita- to know from honest men and Chrisrian would see that you had kept tians, how it happens, that the moclear of all his objections—all the dern disciples of Christ, eat leavened world would have the clearest evi- bread, contrary to express prescripdence that Unitarians are not the tion and the example of their Master? atheistical or deistical persons they are Who can claim a right to alter a tit. too generally supposed to be—and, to tle of a positive and arbitrary instituname no further advantage, in the tion? This is Antichrist in the only event of the minister's absence or ill- true sense of that word ; and he who ness the devotional part of the ser- can claim a right to alter one part of vice need never be omitted. This I a positive institution, has the same am sorry to see, by the last number right to alter any other part, or to of the Christian Reformer, has been alter the whole. A few words are the case lately at such a place at Nor- sufficient for the wise, and the thinkwich ; and, in the present dearth of ing part of mankind. ministers, is too frequently the case

Yours, &c. elsewhere.

F. In fine, Mr. Editor, I beg leave very respectfully to propose, that the Birmingham, Jan. 2, 1816. term Meeting-house be entirely dis- Sir, carded, and that of Unitarian Church I friends of uncorrupted Christianibe substituted throughout the country —that a Liturgy of two or more ser- ty on the proposal for publishing, a vices be universally adopted—that the uniform and complete edition of Dr. churches every where be kept in the Priestley's Theological Works. The best possible condition, and comforta- editor (our much-respected friend, bly warmed in cold weather-and, the Mr. Rutt) is richly entitled to the road being thus made both straight thanks of the Unitarian public. It is and pleasant, lam satisfied we should evident, from the proposed mode of much more frequently see the serious publication,* that the only objects he and respectable members of the es- can have in view in entering upon so tablishment in our churches than we laborious an undertaking are the prohave hitherto done, or are at all like motion of the great cause of rational ly to do under the present system; Christianity, and of erecting an hothe gulph between the Church and nourable and lasting monument to the Meeting-house being so great, that the memory of one of the best Chrisfew there be who attempt to pass it. tians and greatest philosophers of the

L.

age. P.S. Although we have lately Looking forward to this publicaheard nothing of the plan for forming tion with much pleasure (though, I Unitarians into a more compact body, confess, not altogether unmixed with so important an object is, I trust, in anxiety, lest the expense of the unprogress.

dertaking should prevent many warm

friends to the cause from giving it Royston, Dec. 10, 1815.

their support) I beg leave particularly Sir, SHOULD not have sent this let

* A friend of mine, conversant with ter to your Repository if I had the expenses of publishing, tells me that

a volume of the same bulk with that pronot known, that your readers are posed for the Works (which will cost the generally reckoned among the think- subscribers about 13. 6d.) could not be ing part of the religious world. The sold to the public by a bookseller for less subject is the Lord's Supper. My at- than 18s.

I

86

Dr. Priestley's Theological Works. to recommend it to the managers of Miscellaneous Works, or any incidenour different Congregational Libraries, tal passages in them, where he has which are now pretty generally scat- declared or defended his theological tered throughout the kingdom; and opinions. This enumeration cannot as three or four hundred subscribers fail to comprehend several repetitions will, I conceive, be sufficient to en- of subjects, first hastily sketched, and sure the appearance of the Works, afterwards more elaborately detailed. these Libraries woulu certainly go a The proposed Editor is, however, degreat way in making up that number. sirous of ascertaining whether per

It would be too much to expect sons may not be found, to eucourage that, in addition to the gratuitous la- the projected edition, who may wish to bour of such an undertaking, the possess all these Works of Dr. Priestworthy Editor should also be subject ley, to observe, for themselves, the to loss; it is therefore highly desira- progress of such a mind, and to disble that those friends, who are able cover the first lints of those opinions and willing to countenance the pub- which subjected their author to so lication should do so without delay, as much evil as well as good report. the carrying so large a work through It is designed to accompany the the press must pecessarily occupy a edition with Notes, some of which considerable portion of time.

appear to be required from the lapse I am, Sir,

of years since Dr. Priestley became Yours, &c.

known as a theological writer. These A SUBSCRIBER. notes to be as concise, as the purpose

of conveying useful information will Bromley, Feb. 12, 1816. permit ; and generally employed to Sir,

notice such inconsistencies or varia

I as

in the Repository to my Proposals been avoided in publications which for publishing Dr. Priestley's Theolo- extended through yearly forty years gical Works. I am, of course, unable to correct any errors wbich may be to ascertain, at present, whether the discovered in dates or references, such projected edition will be sufficiently as the considerate will readily excuse encouraged by subscriptions. I wish, in a writer who was so often urged however, whatever may be the result, by the ardour of his mind and an to leave recorded among your pages impulse of incumbent duty to a rapid an account of the nature and extent employmeut of his ready pen—to supof the design. I remain, Sir, ply additional authorities, where such

Yours, &c. can be discovered, and especially to

J. T. R. quote the passages from authors whose Proposals for publishing by Subscrip- works have become less accessible

tion, in Medium, 8vo., Dr. Priest- than when Dr. Priestley alluded to ley's Theological Works. To be their opinions. By these notes it is edited by J. T. Rutt.

also intended to form a connexion It may be fairly presumed that ma- between the author's works, to reny persons, disposed to religious in- mark what strictures they at first exquiry, especially amongst the now cited, or the more extended controincreasiug number of Unitarians, will versies to which they gave occasion. be inclined to encourage an edition of In the arrangement of such an edi. Dr. Priestley's Theological Works, on tion, it is proposed to make the con. an economical plan.

tents of each volume succeed in the To accommodate such persons, it order of time as nearly as a proper is proposed, (under the general title connexion of subjects will allow. The of Theological Works,) to reprint first volume is intended to include the such of Dr. Priestley's publications as Institutes, which will be preceded by are classed, in the Catalogue annexed a Life of the Author, compiled, with to his Memoirs, under the following a particular reference to the projected heads :-Metaphysics Religious Li- edition, chiefly on the authorities of berty - Ecclesiastical History - Evi- his own Memoirs, incidental notices dences of the Christian Revelation in his Works, the Continuation by Defences of Unitarianism and Miscel- Mr. Priestley, and the Memoirs of laneous Theology : including his Pa. Mr. Lindsey by the Rev. T. Belsham, pers in the Theological Repository, on whose approbation and concurand the Prefaces to his Scientific and rence the proposed Editor is happy

87

Yalden's Character of Milton. to be allowed to rely. Should any Birmingham-Rev. J. Kentish; Mr. friends to the memory of Dr. Priest- J. B. Toulmin. ley, and to this design, be in posses. Bristol-Rev. Dr. Estlin. sion of unpublished letters or papers, Chichester-Rev. W. J. Fox. which they would commit to the Cranbrook-Mr. S. Dobell. Editor's discretion, he would be much Crewkerne-Rev. W. Blake. obliged by such communications. He Derby Row_Rev.- Higginson. begs leave, also, generally to solicit Dorchester-Rev. B. Treleaven. the readers of Dr. Priestley's

. works, Exeter-Rev. Dr. Carpenter. to give him any information, through Glasgow-Rev. James Yates ; Mr. the medium of the Monthly Reposi- George Harris, College. tory, or otherwise, which may assist Kidderminster-Rev. R. Fry. him in reudering the projected edition Leeds-Rev. T. Jervis.. a tribute, uot altogether unworthy of Lewes--Mr. Ebenezer Johnston. the well-earned reputation of the au

Lincoln-Rev. Hawkes. thor, whose memory will be always Liverpool_Rev. John Yates; Mr. F. cherished by the friends of civil and B. Wright, Printer. religious liberty, of free inquiry and Manchester-Rev. J. Grundy. of evangelical simplicity and truth. Newcastle-Rev. W. Turner.

In the edition now proposed the Norwich-Rev. T. Madye. types of the text and notes are intend- Nottingham - Rev. James Tayler ; ed to be the same as those of Lard. Mr. E. B. Robinson, Bookseller. ner's Works, in the late Mr. John- Portsmouth-Rev. R. Scott. son's octavo edition, with an equally Southampton-Mr. B. Travers. full page, which will contain more Stockport-Rev. Samuel Parker. than two of the usual octavo pages. Warrington-Rev. W. Broadbent. The typographical execution, espe

Wisbeach-Rev. R. Wright. cially as to correctness, will be, de- Wolverhampton--Mr. Joseph Pearson. servedly, an object of peculiar atten- Yarmouth-Mr. W. Alexander, Booktion,

seller. It is expected that sixteen volumes, York--Rev. C. Wellbeloved. each containing from 500 to 600 pages,

The friends to this undertaking who will complete the intended publica- design to encourage it by their subtion, or at most eighteen such vo- scriptions are requested to give their lumes, should the proposed notes ex

names immediately, as the first votend further than at present appre lume will be prepared for the press, hended. These volumes will include, as soon as the number of subscribers

under the general title of Dr. Priest appears sufficient to defray the mere • Jey's Theological Works, what are expenses of publication. One volume now extended into nearly forty octavo will be delivered, if possible, every volumes, and more than fifty pam- three months. phlets of various sizes.

Should it unexpectedly appear, afTo accomplish this design, a sub- ter a fair experiment, that this design scription of Two Guineas is proposed has failed for want of even a moderate to be paid on subscribers giving their encouragement, the sums subscribed names, and Half a Guinea on the de- shall be punctually returned to the livery of each volume. Only a small subscribers. number of copies, beyond those sub

Bromley, Middlesex, Dec. 27, 1815. . scribed for, to be printed.

SIR,

proposed undertaking have obligingly

of O Nechosom specially recommended

Nov. 27, 1815. fered to promote its success by receiving subscriptions :

for insertion in his Collection, was

Dr. Yalden. I lately discovered á London-Rev. R. Aspland, Durham powerful reason for the choice of Yal

House, Hackney Road; Mr. R. den, who, in the following lines, anHunter, Bookseller, St. Paul's ticipated the malignity of the Biogra. Church Yard; Mr. D. Eaton, pher towards the principles and chaBookseller, No. 187, High Hol-racter of Milton.

and Messrs. Stower and on the re-printing Milton's Prose Works, Smallfield, Printers, Hackney.

1698. Written in his Paradise Lost. Bath-Rev. Joseph Hunter.

These sacred lines with wonder we peruse, Bilston-Mr. S. Bassford, Bookseller. And praise the Dights of a seraphic Muse,

born ;

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