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deliverance. Haste you, and go up to my father, and say unto him, Thus faith thy fon Jofeph, God hath made me Lord over all Egypt; come down unto me, tarry not. And thou fhalt dwell in the land of Goshen; and thou shalt be near unto me, thou, and thy children, · and thy children's children, and thy flocks, and thy herds, and all that thou hast : And there will I nourish thee; for yet there are five years of famine ; left thou, and thy household, and all that thou hast, come to poverty. And behold your eyes see, and the eyes of my brother Benjamin, that it is my mouth which speaketh unto you. And you shall tell my father of all my glory in Egypt, and all that you have seen; and ye shall hafte, and bring down my father hither.

And he fell upon his brother Benjamin's neck, and wept; and Benjamin wept upon his neck. Moreover, he kiffed all his brethren, and wept upon them; and after that, his brethren talked with them. And the fame thereof was heard in Pharaoh's house ; and it pleased Pharaoh well, and his servants. And Pharaoh faid unto Joseph, Invite hither thy father and his houshold; and I will give them the good of the land of Egypt; and they shall eat the fat of the land. And the fpirit of Jacob was revived, when he heard these tidings; and he said, My son is yet alive, I will go and see him before I die. And he took his journey with all that he had. And Joseph made ready his chariot, and went up to meet Israel, his father, to Goshen; and, presenting himself unto him, he fell on his neck, and wept on his neck for some time.

And Joseph placed his father, and his brethren; and gave them a possession in the land of Egypt, in the best of the land, as Pharaoh had commanded.

This interesting story contains a variety of affecting incidents; is related with the most beautiful simplicity; and furnishes many important lessons of instruction.It displays the mischiefs of parental partiality; the fatal effects of envy, jealousy, and discord amongst brethren;


the blessings and honours with which virtue is rewarded; the amiableness of forgiving injuries; and the tender joys which flow from fraternal love and filial piety. Different, in other respects, as your lot may be from that of Joseph, you have a father, my dear ALEXIS, who feels for you all the affection which Ifrael felt, and who hopes he has a claim to the same generous return of gratitude. You have brothers and fifters, who are strangers to hatred, who will cherish and return your love, and whose happiness is inseparable from yours : And you are under the protection and authority of that eternal Being, the God of Abraham, of Ifaac, and of Jacob, who fees, approves, and will exalt the virtuous.

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On Extravagance.


HERE is scarcely among the evils of human life,

any fo generally dreaded as poverty. Every other fpecies of misery, those, who are not much accustomed to disturb the present moment with reflection, can easily forget, because it is not always forced upon their regard ; but it is impossible to pass a day or an hour in the confluxes of men, without seeing how much indigence is exposed to contumely, neglect, and insult : And, in its lowest state, to hunger and nakedness; to injuries against which every passion is in arms, and to wants which nature cannot fuftain.

Against other evils the heart is often hardened by true or by false notions of dignity and reputation : Thus we fee dangers of every kind faced with willingness, because bravery, in a good or bad cause, is never without its encomiasts and admirers. But in the profpect of poverty, there is nothing but gloom and melancholy; the mind and body suffer together; its miseries bring no alleviations; it is a state in which every virtue is obscured, and in which no conduct can avoid reproach; a state in which cheerfulness is infenfibility, and dejection, fullenness; of which the hardships are without honour, and the labours without reward.

Of these calamities there seems not to be wanting a general conviction; we hear on every side the noise of trade, and see the streets thronged with numberless multitudes, whose faces are clouded with anxiety, and whose steps are hurried by precipitation, from no other motive than the hope of gain; and the whole world is put in motion by the desire of that wealth, which is chiefly to be valued as it secures us from poverty, for it is more useful for defence than acquisition, and is not To much able to procure good as to exclude evil.

Yet there are always some whose passions or follies lead them to a conduct opposite to the general maxims and practice of mankind; some who seem to rush upon



poverty with the same eagerness with which others avoid it; who see their revenues hourly lessened, and the estates which they inherit from their ancestors mouldering away, without resolution to change their course of life ; who persevere against all remonstrances, and go forward with full career, though they fee before them the precipice of destruction.

It is the fate of almost every passion, when it has passed the bounds which nature prescribes, to counter act its own purpose. Too much rage hinders the war. rior from circumspection, too much eagerness of profit hurts the credit of the trader, too much ardour takes away from the lover that easiness of address with which ladies are delighted. Thus extravagance, though dic. tated by vanity, and incited by voluptuousness, seldom procures ultimately either applause or pleasure.

If praise be justly estimated by the character of those from whom it is received, little fatisfaction will be given to the spendthrift by the encomiums which he purchases. For who are they that animate him in his pursuits, but young men, thoughtless and abandoned like himself, unacquainted with all on which the wifdom of nations has impressed the stamp of excellence, and devoid alike of knowledge and of virtue? By whom is his profufion praised, but by wretches who consider him as fubfervient to their purposes; Sirens that entice him to shipwreck, and Cyclops that are gaping to de vour him?

Every man, whose knowledge or whose virtue can give value to his opinion, looks with scorn or pity, neither of which can afford much gratification to pride, on him whom the panders of luxury have drawn into the circle of their influence, and whom he fees parcelled out among the different ministers of folly, and about to be torn to pieces by taylors and jockies, vintners and attornies, who at once rob and ridicule him, and who are fecretly triumphing over his weakness, when they present new incitements to his appetites, and heighten his desires by counterfeit applause.


* Such is the praise that is purchased by prodigality. Even when it is not yet discovered to be false, it is the praise only of those whom it is reproachful to pleafe, and whose sincerity is corrupted by their intereft ; men who live by the riots which they encourage, and who know that whenever their pupil grows wise, they shall lose their power.

Yet with such flatteries, if they could last, might the cravings of vanity, which is feldom very delicate, be satisfied ; but the time is always haftening forward when this triumph, poor as it is, shall vanish, and when those who now surround them with obfequiousness and compliments, fawn among his equipage, and animate his riots, shall turn upon him with infolence, and reproach him with the vices promoted by themselves.

And as little pretensions has the man, who squanders his estate by vain or vicious expenses, to greater degrees of pleasure than are obtained by others. To make any happiness liñcere, it is neceffary that we believe it to be lasting ; since, whatever we suppose ourselves in danger of losing, must be enjoyed with folicitude and uneafiness; and the more value we set upon it, the more muft the present possession be embittered. How can he then be envied for his felicity, who knows that its continuance cannot be expected, and who is conscious that a very short time will give him up to the gripe of poverty, which will be harder to be borne, as he has given way to more excesses, wantoned in greater abundance, and indulged his appetites with more profufeness?

It appears evident that frugality is neceffary even to complete the pleasure of expense ; for it may be generally remarked of those who squander what they know their fortune not sufficient to allow, that, in their most jovial expense, there always breaks out some proof of discontent and impatience; they either scatter with a kind of wild desperation and affected laviffiness, as criminals brave the gallows when they cannot escape it, er pay their money with a peevish anxiety, and endeavour at once to spend idly and to save meanly: Having


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