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évery muscle of the body politic be braced, when every member is, in some measure, actuated by industry and frugality! No man ever yet exerted himself to the utmost of his strength; nor is it on record, that any state was ever yet so exhausted, but that, while it enjoyed liberty, it might draw new resources from its own vitals. Though the tree is lopped, yet, so long as the root remains unhurt, it will throw out a greater luxuriancy of branches, produce fruits of better flavour, and derive fresh vigour from the axe. If one has accidentally disturbed an ant-hill, or broken the fabric of the hive, though the little animals appeared before to have exerted their utmost efforts, yet it is amazing with what additional diligence they apply themselves to repair the depredation. Not a moment is allowed for despondency. The earth and the air glow with motion, and the misfortune seems immediately to add to their spirits, and, ultimately, both to their store and security. · The beautiful description which Virgil has given us of the busy scene in which the Tyrians are engaged in building Carthage, represents, in a most lively manner, the alacrity with which human creatures are found to exert themselves when instigated by the stimulus of necessity. An emulation of labour seizes every bosom, No murmurings, no complainings in the street, but every one feels himself happy in proportion as he renders himself useful. Men's abilities rise with the occafion; and political evil, like other evil, under the conduct of a merciful Deity, has produced extensive good, by calling forth some of the noblest exertions and most perfect characters which have adorned the records of human nature.
There is one beneficial effect of national adversity, of greater importance than any which I have enumerated, It fubdues the haughty foul elevated with riches and inebriated with excess, and turns the attention to the King of kings, the Lord of lords, the only Ruler of princes, who from his throne beholds all nations, and bids the sceptre to depart from the wicked to the
righteous. It teaches us to rely less upon our German auxiliaries, our muskets, our mortars, our cannon, our copper-bottomed men of war, our generals, and our admirals, than on the Lord of Hosts.
When he fights for us, we shall conquer. Without him, we shall in vain put our trust in a York, a Nelson, a St Vincent, or a Cornwallis; but “the ball of empire « shall continue to roll on westward as it has ever yet “ done, till it stops in America, a world unknown to “ the ancients, and which may save the tears of fome 66 future Alexander."
If Providence shall have decreed the downfal of British supremacy, happy lhould I be to have suggested one idea which may stimulate the exertions of my countrymen, once more to raise the noble column on the baús of liberty and virtue, or which may console them on its ruins; and teach them, while they fit by the waters of bitterness, and hang their harps on the willows, to think of Him who can make rivers of comfort to flow in the dreary desert
HE prætor had given up to the triumvir a woman
be executed in the prison. He who had the charge of her execution, in consideration of her birth, did not immediately put her to death. He even ventured to let her daughter have access to her in prison ; carefully searching her, however, as she went in, left she should carry with her any sustenance ; concluding, that, in a few days, the mother must of course perish for want, and that the severity of putting a woman of family to a violent death, by the hand of the executioner, might thus be avoided. Some days passing in this manner, the triumvir began to wonder that the daughter ftill came to visit the mother, and could by no means comprehend how the latter fhould live so long. Watching, therefore, carefully, what pafled in the interview between them, he found, to his great astonishment, that the life of the mother had been, all this while, fupported by the milk of the daughter, who came to the prison every day to give her mother her breasts to fuck. T 3
The strange contrivance between them was represented to the judges, and procured a pardon for the mother. Nor was it thought sufficient to give to fo dutiful a daughter the forfeited life of her condemned mother, but they were both maintained afterwards by a pension " settled on them for life. And the ground upon which the prison stood was consecrated, and a temple to filial piety built upon it.
What will not filial duty contrive, or what hazards will it not run, if it will put a daughter upon ventur. ing, at the peril.of her own life, to maintain her imprisoned and condemned mother in fo unusual a manner! For what was ever heard of more ftrange, than a mother fucking the breasts of her own daughter? It might even seem so unnatural, as to render it doubtful whether it might not be, in some fort, wrong, if it were not that duty to parents is the first law of nature.
On the Importance of governing the Temper.
FOTWITHSTANDING the many complaints of
the calamities of human life, it is certain that more constant uneasiness arises from ill temper than from ill fortune. In vain has Providence bestowed every external blessing, if care has not been taken by ourselves to smooth the afperities of the temper. A bad temper embitters every sweet, and converts a para. dise into a place of torment.
The government of the temper then, on which the happiness of the human race fo greatly depends, can never be too frequently or too forcibly recommended. But as it was found by some of the ancients one of the most efficacious methods of deterring young persons from any disagreeable or vicious conduct, to point out a living character in which it appeared in all its deformity, I shall exhibit a picture, in which I hope a bad temper will appear, as it really is, a most unamiable object.
It is by no means uncommon to observe those, who have been flattered for fuperficial qualities at a very early age, and engaged in so conftant a series of diffipating pleasure as to leave no time for the culture of the mind, becoming, in the middle and advanced periods of life, melancholy instances of the miserable effects refulting from an ungoverned temper. A certain lady, whom I shall distinguish by the name of Hispulla, was celebrated from her infancy for a fine complexion. She had, indeed, no very amiable expression in her eyes, but the vermilion of her cheeks did not fail to attract admiration, and she was convinced by her glass, and by the affeverations of the young men, that she was another and a fairer Helen. She had every opportunity of improving her mind; but as we naturally bestow our first care on the quality which we most value, she could never give her attention either to books or to oral in