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Diversified farming 303

Dockage, Elevator 154, 224-225

Domestication 36

Drill 67,68

Disc press 67

Hoe 68

Press 67,68

Shoe 68

Typical farm 64

Drilling 65-66

Drought 148

Durum wheat 8, 10, 11

Districts of 48

Exports of 307

Field in North Dakota 292

Milling of 307

Production of 307

Root development 13

Rust resistance 169

Soilsfor 48

United States 307

Varieties 56

Dust Collector 275

E.

Early Genesee Giant 44

Early ripening 45

Economic position of wheat grow-
ers 33

Einkorn 11

Elevator certificates 245-246, 248

Elevators 203-204

Baltimore 209

Boston 209

Buffalo 206-207

Capacity of 205, 208-209

Chicago 206

Consolidation of 207

Dealers' 204

Dockage 154, 224-225

Duluth 206

Farmers' 204

Floating 208

Function of 203

Galveston 209

Illustration of 202, 236

Kansas City 206

Legislation concerning 209

Lines of 204

Minneapolis 206

New York 208

Pacific coast 204-205, 209

Philadelphia 208-209

Railroads and 207

Seaboard 208-209

St. Louis 206

Terminal 205

Typesof 204

Embryo 15, 21

Emmer 11, 56

Endosperm I5, 21,25

Enemies 150-169

Equator 5

Evolution 2-3, 35-36

Discontinuous 35

Theory of 35

Experiment stations 32

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Exportation, Cost of 213

Exports:

Argentina 319

Argentine flour 313

Argentine wheat 313

Atlantic coast 189-193

Atlantic ports 305

Australia 315

Belgium 316

Chile 316

Early 196

Egypt 316

Factors increasing 196

Gulf 189-193

Gulf ports 305

Increase of 196

India 311, 319

Leading ports 305

Netherlands 316

Northern Africa 316

Oriental 197

Pacific coast 194, 196-197

Statistics United States 305

Roumania 316

United States 304-305

Uruguay 316

Western United States 304

World 318

F.

Farm animals 7

Farmers' institutes 32

Farming 383

Diversification of 303

High 109

Intensive and extensive 108-110

Farms, wheat 7

Fedelina 296

Feeding of wheat 301-302

Fertility, Constancy of 11

Fertilization 20-21

Fertilizers 142-148

Ancients and 124

Application of 134-135

Benefits of 126-127

Commercial 134-136

Drilling of 135

Effects of 142-145

Extent of use 124

Germination and 142

Irrigation and 141-142

Kinds of 135-141

Laws 145

Miscellaneous 140

Need of 134

Plant food and 143-145

Prices of 146

Statistics 146

Theories of 125-127

Wasted by rivers 148

Yield and 143-145

Fertilizing:

By sewage waters 141-142

Cost of 146

Definition of 124

Value of animals 136

Field of durum wheat 292

Page

Field of wheat, Illustration of 112

Fife wheat 11

Fire 148

Fixation of qualities 43

Flax, Selection of 39

Flour 21

Acidity of 21

Adulteration of 301

Bleaching of 274-275, 285

Brands of 285-286

Bread 286-287

Commercial grades 285-286

Comparative values of 285

Composition of 26, 299

Durum wheat 284

Entire wheat 284-285

Grades of..., 275

Graham. . . , 284

Hard-wheat 283

Pastry 284

Patent 270,275

Self-raising 285

Soft-wheat 283-284

Flour beetles 184

Flour moth 183-184

Flours, Different uses of 283

Flour yield of wheat 277

Flowering 20-21

Flowers of wheat 14

Food of plants 126-127

Food of plants, Fertilizers and. . 143-145

Food supply, Scarcity of 316

Food taken from soil by plants. . . 147

Food. Wheat as 7, 8, 286

Frosts 149

Frumity 283

Fultz 11

Fungous enemies. ... 155-169

G.

Gambling 255

Garlic 153

Germination 16-17,18. 22-23, 142

Germination and Fertilizers 142

Germ of wheat 15,25

Glume-spot 155

Glumes 14

Gluten 27, 273, 283

Gluten content 10,48-49

Grades:

Commercial 223-224

Composition and 28

Contract 222-223, 224

Contract, Gresham's law 225

Uniformity of 223

Grades of flour 275

Grading 221-222

Grain aphis 180-181

Grain beetles 184

Grain dealers 242

Independent 217-218

Grain dealers' associations:

Local 217

Rules and practices of 218

Grain moth 182-183

Grain privileges 243-244

Page

Grain railways 189

Grains in bushel 22

Grains in spike 15

Grain trade:

Development of 214

Importance of 214-215

Grain vessels. Nationality of 197

Gramineae 2

Granary weevil 182

Grape-Nuts 298, 300

Grass:

Classification 2-3

Family of 2-3

Origin of 2-3

Grasshoppers (See Locust) .... 176-179

Green bug 180-181

Gresham's law 225

Growers of wheat 29-31, 33

Growth:

Heat units and 11-24, 127

Period of 23-24

Processes of 127

Rainfall and 23-24

Temperature and 23-24

Guano 137-138

Gulf exports 189-193

Gypsum 139-140

II.

Hail 148

Handstones 262

Hardness of wheat 51

Hard spring wheat 53

Hard winter wheat 10

Harrowing 70-71

Objects of 70

Harrows:

Ancient 70-71

Disc 71

Modern 71

Primitive 70

Tooth 71

Harvest customs 73-77

Ancient 74-75

European 74

Modern 75-77

Harvesters, Combined 90-95

Definition of 90

Horse power 92

Illustration of 104

Steam 92-93

Stripper 91

Use in United States 92

Use of 90

Use of stripper 91

Harvesters, Self-binding 87-89

Classes of 87-88

Definition of 87

Illustration of 34,128

Low-down 87-88

Modern 87.89

Patents on 88

Harvesting:

Implements of 78-94

Maturity of wheat for 78

Outfit complete 93-94

Primitive methods '8

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Harvest laborers 75-77

American migration of 75-77

European migration of 75

Typical American 76

Harvest period 45

Customs of ..73-77

Risks of 73-74

Harvest time succession 76-77

Hay, wheat 302

Header 80-84

Cutting 82-84

Definition of 81

Early 83

Gallic 81. 83

Illustration of 82

Kinds of 81

Modern .83,84

Stripping 81

Use of 84

Header barges 82

Header binder 89

Header, Use of 89

Mississippi valley 84

Pacific coast 84

Hedging sales 246

Hessian fly 170-174

Description of 170-172

Distribution of 170

Effect on wheat 172

Introduction of.. ... 170

Life history . . 170-172

Losses from ... 172-173

Remedies 173-174

Homotyposis 35

Hordes 2

Hot waves 149

Hot winds 149

Humus 129-130

Crop rotation and 129-130

Supply of 129

Hungarian milling . . . 270

Hybridization 40-46

Basis stock of 41

Botanical classes and . 43

Characteristics affected by 45

Composite 44

History of 43-46

Of races 41

Process of 41

Results of 42

With rye 45

Hybrids:

Characteristics of . 41

Garton's 42

Natural 40

I.

Importance of wheat 6-8

Qualitative 6

Quantitative . . 6 7

Importation of seed 50

Imports:

Great Britain 315

Rome 316

World 318

Improved varieties, Permanence of 46

Improvement of wheat 33-46

Page

Index of authors. Topical 354

Indian meal moths 184

"Inland Empire" 93

Insect enemies 170-187

Growing wheat 170-181

Losses to growing grain 181

Losses to stored grain 184

Remedies, Growing jiraiu ... . 181
Remedies, Stored grain ..... 184-185

Species 170

Stored wheat 181-185

Inspection 219-220

Institutional evolution 29-33

Insurance 186-187, 226-227

Grain in transit 226

Growing grain—Europe 186

Growing grain—UnitedStates, 186-187

Marine 227

Natural destroyers in field . . . 186-187

Stored grain 226

International grain trade 305

International wheat trade 318

Irrigated wheat 51

Irrigation 116-123

Alkali 120-121

Ancient 115-116

Costof 121

Early United States 117

Historical 115-116

Methods 119-120

Modern—Foreign countries... 116-117 Modern—United States 118

Problems 118-119

Rainfall and 122

Semi-arid region of U. S 121-123

Irrigation water:

Composition of 120-121

Fertilizing value of 146

Supptyof 118

Italian paste 296

Joint worm 181

Jones' winter fife 45

K.

Kernel 15-16

Kouskous 283

Kubanka 11. 51

L.

Labor 59 106-107

Costof. . 59

Human 59

Required for production 106-107

I ake shipments 194

Land plaster 139-140

Leaf blight 169

Leaves 14,18

Lime 138-139

Line elevator companies 204

Locusts 176-179

Breeding grounds of . .177-178

Life history 178-179

Plagues of 176-178

Remedies 180

Rocky Mountain 177-179

Page

Loose smut 159

Loss from:

Natural destroyers 185

Poor seed 54

M.

Macaroni 293-296

Composition of 296

Food value of 293

Processes of manufacture. .. .295-296 Wheats used 293-294

Macaroni industry 294-295

Foreign countries 294

United States 294

Macaroni wheat:

Field of 292

Machinery:

Distribution of 99

Harvesting 78-94

Manufacture of . °9

Manure 136-137

Deterioration of 137

Map of wheat in United States... 9

Margins 244,260

Market:

Local 240

Primary 188, 219

Speculative 241

World 241

Marketing 214-233

Argentina 231-233

Canada 232-233

Foreign countries 228-233

India 230-231

Methods of 215

Russia 228-230

Markets 240-241

Marl 139

Material in acre crop 24

Maturity, early 11

Meal snout-moth 184

Meal worms 184

Measurement of wheat 22

Mediterranean flour moth.. . .183-184 Meridian bisecting acreage 4

Middlings 274

Middlings purifier 274

Midge 175-176

Migration of wheat 1-2, 4

Mildew 169

Milling 262-282

Bleaching of flour 274-275

Bolting 267

Cleaning of wheat 273

Dust collector 275

Early inventions 267

Early United States 267-268

Fundamental processes . . .273-274
Gradual reduction process... .270-271

High 268-269

Long system 271

Low 268

Middlings 269

Milling proper 274

Mixing of wheat ...272-273

Modern 267-275

Present processes 271-275

Page

Milling, Roller 269-270

Selection of wheat 271-272

Short system 271

Spring wheat 269

Time required 276

Winter wheat 269

Milling industry 279-282

Argentina 282

Australia 282

Canada 282

Census United States 280

Foreign countries 280-282

Geographical location U.S.. .279-280

Great Britain 281

Hungary 280-281

Leading states U. S 279-280

Minneapolis 279

Minnesota 279

Netherlands 282

New Zealand 282

Orient 282

Russia 281-282

United States 279-280

Milling products 275, 283

Mills:

Ancient 263

Capacity of 276-277

Cattle 265

Early United States 266-267

Handstones 262

Large modern 272, 278

Large typical 276-277

Mortar and pestle 262-264

guern 264
iddle stones 263

Slave 265

Types of 262

Water 265-266

Wind 265-216

Minnesota No. 169 wheat 11

Minnesota 163 wheat 22

Mixing 225-226,272-273

Moisture content 26,50

Moisture effects 50

Moisture, Excessive 149-150

Mortar and pestle 263

Type of 262-264

Moths:

Angoumois grain 182-183

Indian meal 184

Meal snout 184

Mediterranean flour 183-184

Motorpower 59-61

Animal 59,61

Electricity 61

Human 59

Steam 61

Movement of wheat 303-319

Eastern 189-192

Export United States 304-305

Financiering of 227-228

Internal United States 304-305

Southern 192-193

World 316-319

Multiplication of wheat 21-22

Mummy wheat 15,23

Mustard 153

[graphic]

Page
H.

Name of wheat 1-2

Natural destroyers. Losses from.. 185

Natural environment 47-51

Natural Food Company 300

New varieties 32

Nitragin 132

Nitrate of soda 139

Nitrogen 131-134

Fixing of 131-134

Pure cultures 133-134

Nitrogen bacteria 132-134

Artificial distribution of 133-134

Classes of 132

Description of 133-134

Nitrogen content 22

By soil inoculation 132-134

Nitrogen famine 131

Nitrogen free extract 27

Nodes 13-14. 17

Nomenclature 8

Non-shattering wheat .11,45

Noodles 297

Northern grown seed 41

Northern limits of production.... 4

0.

Oats 2, 5

Consumption of 7

Organs of reproduction 14

Oriental trade 197

Origin of wheat 1-3

Biological 2-3

Etymological 1

Geographical 1-2

Historical 2

Outline of

Authors, topical 354

Bibliography 327

Wheat 321-325

Ovary 14

Ovulary 20

P.

Pacific coast exports 194

Pasturing of wheat 72,302

Per capita consumption. . 302

Period of growth 17, 23-24,49

Phosphoric acid 138

Physical properties 22

Pit, Chicago 248

Plant breeding. Father of 43

Plant lice. Wheat 176

Plant pathology 481

Plow 63

Common hand 63

Coulters 62

Early American 61, 62

Early European 62

Electric 63

Fowler 63

Gang 63

Modern 63

Patents on 63

Primitive 61-63

Sulky 63

Page

Plowing 61-65

Depth of 65

Popular prejudices 62

Tail 62

Time of 63-65

Polish wheat 3. 8, 11

Pollen 20-21, 40

Potash 139

Potatoes as food 7

Poulard wheat 11

Powdery mildew 169

Predictions of wheat shortage .316-317

Prehistoric wheat 2

Price 234-261

Argentina 313

Communication and 237

Competition and 237-238

Exportation and 238

Factors of 234

India 311

Reactions 235, 237

Transportation and 237

Visible supply and 238-239

Frice determining influences 241

Primary grain markets 188

Primary market 219

Pringle s Defiance 44

Privileges, grain 243-244

Production 7, 303-319

Argentina 311-313

Australian 315-316

Austria-Hungary 316

Belgium 316

Brazil 316

Canada 313-315

Chile 316

Egypt 316

Europe 319

Factors of 108.109

France 316

Germany 316

Increase of in Russia 308

India 310-311

Italy 316

Land values and 303

Limits of in United States 303

Manchuria 197

Mexico 316

Movement of wheat and 303

Netherlands 316

Northern Hemisphere 319

Roumania 316

Russia 307-310

Siberia 309

Southern Africa 316

Southern Hemisphere 319

Statistical 304

Statistics, Argentina 313

Statistics, England 315

Statistics, India 311

Statistics, Russia 309

Statistics, World 317

United Kingdom 315

United States 304

Uruguay 316

World 316-319

Products of wheat, Animal food, 301-302

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