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Quern....

....

264

R.

189

........

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Use of............

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Saddle stones.......

263
Salt ......... ...

140
Salts and germination....

16
Sawflies....

181
Scotch fife wheat.....
Scythe..............
Hainault.....

79
Use of.........
Seacoast wheat....

49
Sea level wheat.....
Seasonal effects......
Section of wheat grain.
Seed..........:

1-09
Advantages of exchange....
Amount of, per acre.......
Bed for................

65
Dealers in.

........
Deterioration of...

54-55
Effects of good and poor.
Evils of exchange of..
Importance of ........

51
Importations...
Purchase of.....

51, 53
Wheat for....

51-56
Seeders.........

66-00
Ancient......

68
Early English..

. 66-67
Force feed....

..07, 68
Patents on...
Wagon......
Width of..

68
Seeding

....17, 65-66
By nature..
Depth of...
Time of ........

...... 69-70
Selection....,

..........3, 36-40
Artificial..
: : :

30

...........
Characteristics influenced by... 39-40
Early......
Heavy seed.

39
Incidences o

36
Light seed...
Minnesota station ..
Natural....

....36, 40
Results of .................5

. 37-40
Self-binding harvester, Illustra-

tion of ........... 34, 87, 128
Self-fertilization.

.....21, 41, 43
Semi-arid region of U.S.. 121-123, 307
Semi-hard district
Semolina.....

295
Sewage waters as fertilizers...
Sharlock.....

153
Shipments out of country.... 304
Shocking ...............

90
Shorts, Composition of ....

25
Shredded Wheat Biscuit... 297-298
Sickle..................
Smut..................

155-162
Early remedies..... ....153. 157

Railroads:

Discrimination.............218-219
Elevators and................ 207
Grain lines............

Rail shipments, statistics .. .194-195
Rain belt in United States .... . 122
Rainfall in United States ...... 121-123
Ready-to-eat wheat foods......297-301

Commercial success of .... . 300
Composition of..

299
Consumption of..

............299-300
Kinds of.

298
Processes of manufacture

298
Reaper ..............

. 84-86
Bell's...
Early American...
Early English ......

. 85-86
Definition of ......

84
Illustration of .....

306
Modern self-rake ....

86

86-87
Red wheat....

10
Regermination ..

17
Resistant to climate. Wheat

11
Rice.........

2
Rice as a food.......
Rice weevil....

182
pening......

20, 21
Time required..

. 23-24
River wheat tug, Illustration

191
Roller milling, Process of...... . 269-270
Romanow wheat....

.. 5
Roots.....................11

. 11-13, 18
Root system .....
Rotation of crops.....

..... 144-145
Russian cactus ....

....151-152
Russian soils.........

307-308
Russian thistle.....

151-152
Description of...

.. 152
Dispersion of...

151
Extermination of .....

. 162-169
Black or stem ......

. 162
Crown..........

. 162
Development....

. 166-167
Dispersion of ...

. 165-166
Distribution of ....

... 166
How damage results...

. 167
Kinds of.... ............

162
Life history.. ...........

.. 162-166
Losses from ... .........167-168
Red or orange leat .....

162
Remedies.. ... ..

. 168-169

.
Resistance to .....
Resistant wheat ...

10
Resisting varieties...

168
Spores, Growth of...

63-164
Spores, Kinds of ....

. 163
Spores, Viability of ..., 65-166

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11

160

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...... 50-51

208-209

229

209

Page
Smut Growth of..... ....157-158
In ancient times ...

155
Kinds of.....

155
Loose......

.......... 159
Losses from .........

.. 161-162
Remedies.........

..159-161
Remedies, Expense of .........

161
Remedies, Results of ...........

. 161
Stinking.................

8-159
Smut. Loose-Remedies:

Modified hot water method...160-161
Smut spores, Viability of ........ 159
Smut, Stinking --Remedies ...
Copper sulphate........

160
Corrosive sublimate....

160
Formalin............

. 160
Hot water treatment..

160
Jensen treatment....

160
Smutted straw, Cross sections of, 158
Soft wheat....
Soils for.....

48
Soft wheat district.....

9
Soil bacteria...

130-134
Soil nitrogen ...

. 130-134
Soils..........

Amount of plant food stored by. i44
Analyses of

...124-125
Climate and.....
Climatic effects on .....

.. 58
Composition...

. 144
Composition and plant life... 124-127
Effects of ......
Humus..........

. 129-130
Improvement of ....

...143-144
Influence of......

.. 47
Inoculation and...

132-134
Method of analysis...

. 127
Moisture and

.. 130
Physical condition of...
Preparation for sowing..
Preparation of...
Russian ........

307-308
Structure of..

... 126
Texture of...

... 126
Types of.....

.. 47-48
Unfavorable....

150
Sonora wheat........

53
Southern grown seed..
Southern wheat district.....
Sowing..............

. 65-66
By nature,..
Methods of..

65-66
Time of .....

.. 69-70
Species .....
Specific gravity.....
Speculation:
Bear....

243
B ull......................

..242-243
Decreasing importance of ..260-261
Evils of ...........

249-258
Foreign countries.......

258-259
Functions of........

246-247
Legislation and...

.. 258
Machinery of.........

242-244
Manipulations and ......... .. 258
Price fluctuations and..... 260
Results of ..................25

... 259-261

Page
Speculative market, Rise of....... 241
Speculator, Characteristics of ... 247-248
Rise of.........

. 242
Spelt.............

..3, 8, 11, 56
Spike......

14-15, 17
Spikelets....

14-15
Spring and fall wheat...

51
Spring wheat......

10
Spring wheat, hard..
Squarehead wheat...

11
Stamens............

20
Standard of living..
Starch content........

48-49
Starchy wheat.......

10
States, Production in...

304
Steam in agriculture. ..

61
Steam planting, Illustration of

60
Steam plowing ....
Stem, Growth of....
Stigma ...............

14, 20. 40
Stinking smut.....

. 158-159
Stocks in farmers' hands.. .304, 318
Stooling...............

17
Storage...........

. 201-213
Farm..........

. 201
Local market...

.. 203-205
Pacific coast.....

... 204-205
Primary market..

205-208
Russia...........

Seaboard..
Storage capacity:

Baltimore.....
Boston.....

209
Buffalo....

5-207
Chicago.....

206
Galveston....

209
Kansas City...

206
Minneapolis...

206
New York. .....

208
Philadelphia.......

208-209
Portland, Oregon...

209
St. Louis.......

206
Storage, Charges of..

209-213
Atlantic coast...

.211-212
Inland .........

. 209, 211
Pacific coast....

.. 212
Seaboard....

...211-212
Storage, Foreign ...

201
Storage, Illustration of:
Pacific coast farm...

210
Pacific coast river.....

216
Primary market...

236
Small elevators...

202
Storms.....

.. 148
Straw.........
Composition of...

25
Fertilizer value of

140
Fodder...........

302
Miscellaneous uses of.....

302
Per acre..............

24
Straw worms.....

181
Sub-humid region in U.S.

- 123
Subsoil........................
Sub-soiling .....
Sugar beets:

Seed.
Selection of .................. 39-40

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Summer Fallows....

110
Supply.....

234-235
Causes of variation...........

.. 234
Farm....

...304, 318
Shortage of

.185, 316-317
Statistics. .............304-305, 318

Visible......... .......... 305
Sweating of wheat....

Turkey red wheat.....

:::.........11, 51
Turkey wheat, Evolution of......
Twine, Use of....

....

97

U.
United States Department of

Agriculture.............. 31-32

35

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94

v.
Value of wheat...
Argentina.....

313
United States...
Varation.........

Characteristics subject .. 35-36
Inducement of ....
Plant and soil....

Processes of....
Varieties........

.. 10-11
Vermicelli....

296
Viability.....
Victoria wheat...
Visible supply....
Canada..

305
United States..

318
United States and Canada..... 318
World.

.. 318

Toll ..::

World

191

..

72

Weeds.

T.
Theory of mutations..
Thistle, Russian......

...151-152
Thistles............

...153-154
Three-field system.

... 114
Threshing ...

.. 94-99
Animal power.....

..94-95
Complete outfit....

... 98,99
Definition of..
Early methods of ....

94
Flail .........

.94,95
Threshing machines:
Early American.....

96-97
Early European...

96
Early Scotch

95
Evolution of ...

.. 95-97
Illustration of..

98, 156
Modern.......

...97, 98
Tillering .........

. 17

277, 279
Trade in wheat. World.

318
Transactions, Volume of 248-249
Transportation......

188-200
Argentina.....

232
Canada.........

. 314
Canal
Competition in....

. 189-192
Distance seaport to primary
market.....

1.193-194
Farm to local market.....

......... 188
Lake .........

..191, 194
Local to primary market....188-189
Out of county............ ... 304
Pacific.....

194
Pacific coast vessels............

197
Primary market to seaboard , 189-194
Rail statistics. .............194-195

......................191-193
Russia....................228-229
Seaboard to foreign market .196-197
Shortage of cars............. 195
Stages of .............

188
Water ........

189
Water, Illustration of .........

191
Transportation charges...... .197-200
harges

197-200
Atlantic ports to Europe. ..... 199
Chicago to Liverpool. ..

199
Chicago to New York....

198
Discriminations.........

200
Farm to Chicago.....
Producer to consumer .......

198
Triticum:
Monococcum...
Polonicum.........

3, 11
Sativum compactum ....

11
Sativum dicoccum.....

11
Sativum durum.............. 11
Sativum spelta .............. 3. 11

w.
Warehouse receipts............245-246
Water in composition........... 26
Water supply for irrigation...... 119
Weeding of wheat..

150-154
Classification of. :: .....150-151
Dispersion of...

... 150
General remedies

154
Losses from .....

154
Weevil, Granary..

182
Weevil, Rice.....
Weighing..............

221
Weight of wheat..

22
Weissenburg wheat.
"Whaleback." Illustration of... 191
Wheat:

Red winter .....::::::..
Selection by fanning mill. ...
Spring ......................

Value of............
Wheat bulb worm .....
Wheat, fall, Soils for......

48
Wheat-field. Illustration of ..

112
Wheat foods.......

286
Wheat harvesting seasons....... 77
Wheat lands, Russiarrenr
Wheat midge ..
Wheat plants, Effects of seed on. 52
Wheat production, Center of....303-304
Wheat products, Animal food . .301-302
Wheat scab.....

.... 155
Wheat seed "running out" ...... 54-55
Wheat thief...............

.. 153
Wheat trade. Importance of ....214-215
White wheat.......

10

........

Wheat hay: :

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Yield..................21-22, 100-103
Australia........

........100, 315
Canada .................... 314
Early statistics.....

.. 102
Factors decreasing..

.. 100
Factors increasing..

100
Fertilizers and...... ... 142-145
France..........

101
Great Britain....

315
Most favorable weather for. 103
Statistics of ........

101
Volunteer crop.....

103
United Kingdom...

102
United States.....

102
Yielding power..........
Yield of flour...............

277

16.317

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