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With this volume (VIII. of National Series, and 24 of Entire Series) the National Series of the American Journal of Education, commenced in 1861, will close. Including two supplementary volumes (one to Volume II. (18 of the Entire Series) and the other to Volume VII. (23 of the Entire Series)], which are devoted almost exclusively to the Circulars and Reports of the United States Commissioner of Education, not included in other volumes, the National Series embraces ten volumes, which present a more comprehensive survey of the entire field of national systems and institutions of education in all countries in which schools for general or special purposes have been recognized and administered by law, than is to be found in the same number of volumes in any language, so far as we know.

We hope to close our editorial labors in this wide and interesting field of educational journalism, begun with the Connecticat Common School Journal in 1838, by issuing an International Series of the American Journal of Education, in which the existing status of schools, and the problem of public instruction in different countries will be discussed by educators and teachers prominent in their respective fields, from their practical familiarity with principles and details, and comparisons will be instituted between the schools, methods, and statistics of the different systems for the general advancement of human culture everywhere. The terms of this series will be set forth at the close of this volume.

HENRY BARNARD. HARTFORD, Conn., March 15, 1873.

1

THE

American Fournal of Education.

CONTENTS.

PAGN
Number 29 (Entire Series 74), for March 15, 1873......

1-208

I. SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION.....

9-16

II. Tur UNIVERSITY—Historically developed....

1. General Conception in the School of Life and Affairs..

17
2. The University of Athens-Student Life........

23
3. The Universities of Alexandria-Library and Professors.

33
4. The Imperial Schools of Rome, Carthage, and Berytus...

38
5. The Cathedral and Monastic Schools-British Isles..

41
6. The Palace, and other Schools of Charlemagne..

43
7. List of Universities established prior to 1500.

48

IIL GERMAN PEDAGOGY..

49-58

Beneke....

50

IV. FRENCH PEDAGOGY.

59-90

Baron Montesquieu-Principles of National Education...

59

M. Duruy-Subjects and Methods of Secondary Special Schools..

64

V. EDUCATIONAL BIOGRAPHY.....

91-136

Marquis of Pombul. Martin Luther. Peter Ramus. W. C. Whitford..

91

| VI. CHAPTERS IN THE HISTORY OF AMERICAN SCHOOLS AND EDUCATION.......... 137-176

VII. ENGLISH PedagoGY- OLD AND New..

177-196

Mulcaster-Webster-Wase........

179

VIIL SCHOOL ARCHITECTURE...

193-208

Boston Girls' High School-New Haven High School..

193

Number 30 (Entire Series No. 75), June 15, 1873..

209–416

I. PUBLIC INSTRUCTION IN GRAND DUCHY OF FINLAND....

209-224

Area-Population-Government-Industries..

209

Popular Schools-Lower and Higher ......

213

Secondary Schools-('lassical and Scientific....

216

Superior, Special, and Supplementary Schools...

217

II. BTATE SYSTEMS OF COMMON SCHOOLS IN THE UNITED STATES..

225-330

Alabama-Arkansas-California-Connecticut-Delaware Florida-Georgia.

Illinois, Indiana-Iowa-Kansas Kentucky-Louisiana- Maine Maryland...

..... 243

Massachusetts-Michigan--Minnesota-Mississippi-Missouri-Nebraska..... 264

Nevada-New Hampshire New Jersey, New York-North Carolina-Ohio. 287

Oregon-Pennsylvania-Rhode Island South Carolina-Tennessee.

307

Texas-Vermont Virginia-West Virginia-Wisconsin......

320

III. CHAPTERS IN THE HISTORY OF AMERICAN Schools.......

330-336

National Conventions and Associations.......

330

IV. THE EARLY CHRISTIAN Schools, SCHOLARS, AND TEACHERS......

337-374

Boniface-Utrecht-Hatto and Rebanus of Fulda---Lupus of Ferrieres...

337

Paschasius-Bruno-Boppo—Udalric-Bernwald-Bennon-Meinwerc..

347

Hildesheim--Misnia-Paderborn-Prague-Hirshau-Rheims....

356

Odon Gerbert-Athelhard-Lanfranc-Anselm.....

369

V. TEACHING ORDERS OF THE CATHOLIC CHURCH.........

375-400

1. St. Dominic and the Dominicans....

375

2. St. Francis and the Franciscans..........

393

PAGE.

Number 31 (Entire Series No. 76), for October 15, 1873...... 417-640

I. THE ENGLISH UNIVERSITIES.

401-416

1. The College in the English Universities...

401

2. The College in the oder Continental Universities..

402

3. The Domestic Side of University Life...

410

II. MILITARY SYSTEMS AND SCHOOLS IN Russia.

417

1. Military Schools........

418

2. Naval Schools..

III. LANGUAGE AND LITERATURE OF ANCIENT GREECE IN ENGLAND.

433-436

IV. BENEFACTORS OF AMERICAN EDUCATION...

433-450

WILLIAM ROBINSON-Robinson Female Seminary, Exeter, N. H...

439

SAMUEL WillkT8-Swarthmore College, Delaware County, Penn..

416

Ezra CORNELL--Cornell University, Ithica, N. Y....

V. ENDOWMENTS OF AMERICAN COLLEGES..

451-452

I. Harvard. 2 Yale.

VI. SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION-HISTORICALLY CONSIDERED.....

453-512

1. Higher Education in Greece........

553

Schools of Plato, Socrates, Aristotle, Museum of Alexandria.

454

2. Higher Education among the Romans....

467

Athenæum of Rome-University of Athens..

477

3. Christianity and Acndemic Study ....

486

Tetradision of Constantine-Law School at Rome..

487

4. Origin and Organization of Faculties.....

495

VII. THE EARLIEST CHRISTIAN SCHOOLS AND TEACHERS..

515-536

1. Catechetical School at Alexandria and Berytus..

515

Origin-Subjects and Methods of Teaching...

516

2. St. Benedict and His Rule..

523

The Benedictine Convents and Schools....

533

VIII. THE AMERICAN LIBRARY OF PRACTICAL EDUCATION.

545-600

1. Studies and Conduct..

345

2. Primary and Elementary Instruction......

553

3. American Pedagogy-First Series...

4. Aphorisms and Practical Suggestions..

567

5. English Pedagogy-First Series

569

6. Pestalozzi and Pestalozzianism,

577

7. German Pedagogy.

505
8. French Pedagogy...

596
9. English Pedugogy--Second Series...

..... 589
10. American Pedagogy-Second Series.......

598

IX. NATIONAL SYSTEMS OF PUBLIC INSTRUCTION.

585-609

I. ELEMENTARY AND SECONDARY SCHOOLS.

585

1. The German States........

585

2. Switzerland-France--Belgium-Holland-Denmark-Norway-Sweden. 593

Russia—Turkey-Greece-Italy--Spain-Portugal....

597

3. Great Britain-England-Scotland—Ireland...

605

4. The American States.........

609

II. SUPERIOR INSTRUCTION IN DIFFERENT COUNTRIES

613

III. PROFESSIONAL AND SPECIAL INSTRUCTION..

617

1. Scientific and Technical Schools....

617

2. Military and Naval Schools....

631

3. Normal Schools and Teachers' lnstitutes and Associations.

643

Number 32 (Entire Series No. 77), for December 15, 1873.

649-1096

AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EDUCATION.........

651

Documentary History......

653

Special Index to each Volume I. to XXIV.

657

Classified Index to Volumes I to XVI....

General Index to Volumes I, to V...

949

GENERAL INDEX (based on the Special Indexes).

965

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