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use in the progress which appears, at length, to be making in deciphering this hitherto unknown character, both by some learned foreigners*, and by Major Rawlinson, an English officer in Persia, who thinks that he has deciphered an inscription of great length, recording the conquest of Darius the Younger.
In a work of this nature the writer has necessarily been much indebted to others, and is happy to have this opportunity of acknowledging her obligations to Sir R. H. Inglis, Bart. ; the Hon. Mounstuart Elphinstone; General Briggs; Colonel Chesney ; and William Erskine, Esq.; who have most kindly afforded her such assistance and information as she
requested of them.
Notting-hill, January 12th, 1839.
* The labours of Raske, Grotefend, and St. Martin, have been some time before the public. Since that time the German traveller Schulz made copies of some inscriptions near Hamadan, which were submitted to M. Burnouf, a French savant, who is equally skilled in Greek, Sanscrit, and Zend; and he has written an essay on Schulz's inscription; and, by an examination with other inscriptions, he has framed a Zend alphabet of the cuneiform character.
Lassen, a countryman of Burnouf, and who is likewise a good Sanscrit and Zend scholar, has also read and translated these tablets; and his alphabet is said not to differ much from Burnouf's. Burnouf has printed a work, in two volumes, called “ Commentaries on the Yeçna," on the same subject.
LIST OF THE MEMOIRS
CONTAINED IN THIS VOLUME.
By the Editor.
(now first published)-Departure from the encampment at Gherara,
MEMOIR ON THE RUINS OF BABYLON.
with plates. From the Original Sketches by Mr. Rich.
Rennell-Description of the country between Bagdad and Hillah-