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WITH ENGRAVINGS FROM THE ORIGINAL SKETCHES BY THE AUTHOR :

REMARKS ON THE TOPOGRAPHY OF
ANCIENT, BA B Y LO N,

By MJOR RENNELL;

IN REFERENCE TO THE MEMOIR :

SECOND MEMOIR ON THE RUINS;

IN REFERENCE TO MAJOR RENNELL'S REMARKS:

WITH NARRATIVE OF A JOURNEY TO

PERSEPOLIS:

NOW PIRST PRINTED, WITH HITHERTO UNPUBLISHED CUNEIFORM INSCRIPTIONS

COPIED AT PERSEPOLIS :

BY THE LATE
CLAUDIUS JAMES RICH, Esq.,
PORMERLY THE RESIDENT OF THE HON. EAST INDIA COMPANY AT BAGDAD.

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AH 3013.2007

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PREFACE.

The following Memoirs on the Ruins of Babylon were first published, many years ago, under the direction of Sir James Mackintosh. The edition having become exhausted, and another seeming to be called for, the Editor has undertaken the present work, and has endeavoured to add to it whatever might be likely to render it as complete as circumstances would admit of. For this purpose an. In. troduction has been prefixed, giving a general view of the history of Babylon ; and an Appendix subjoined, containing extracts from the authors referred to in the Memoirs.

It has likewise been suggested to the Editor, that the Journal, from which the Memoirs were composed, might prove a valuable addition to the work. This Journal, or perhaps, more correctly, these Notes of a Journal, are very short ; but still a journal is somewhat more animated, from its very

nature, than a topographical memoir can possibly be; and it may assist the imagination of the Reader in forming to himself some general idea of these ruined heaps, while examining the minuter details and measurements contained in the Memoir.

In order, likewise, to assist the Reader in fol. lowing the Second Memoir, the Editor has obtained permission from the Council of the Society of Antiquaries to republish in this work Major Rennell's Remarks on the Topography of Babylon, suggested by Mr. Rich's observations and discoveries.

The plates by which the present volume is illustrated have been newly executed by that very ingenious artist, Mr. Williams, from Mr. Rich's original sketches.

The second part of this volume, relating to Persepolis, is new. The Journal, some portion of which has already appeared in the latter part of Mr. Rich's work on Koordistan, is only given to serve as an explanation to the arrow-headed inscriptions which were copied by Mr. Rich at Persepolis, and are now published for the first time.

It is hoped that these inscriptions may prove of

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