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amount angle applied base body boiler bottom called cause cent center of gravity cipher circle circumference column contained cube cubic inch cylinder decimal decimal places denominator diameter difference direction discharge distance divided dividend divisor effect equal example EXAMPLE.—What EXAMPLES FOR PRACTICE expressed feet figure foot force formula four fraction gallons given head Hence hundreds increased indicated iron lead length load mean measures minute moves multiplied nearly necessary obtained pipe piston places pounds per square pressure proportion pump quantity quotient raise ratio reduce remainder represent result root rope rule shown side SOLUTION space square inch steam strength stress stroke subtract surface third triangle tube units valve velocity vessel volume weight whole write
Página 145 - A sphere is a solid bounded by a curved surface, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.
Página 100 - The terms of a ratio are the two numbers to be compared ; thus, in the above ratio, 20 and 4 are the terms. When both terms are considered together, they are called a couplet ; when considered separately, the first term is called the antecedent, and the second term the consequent. Thus, in the ratio 20 : 4, 20 and 4 form a couplet, and 20 is the antecedent, and 4 the consequent.
Página 104 - The first and fourth terms of a proportion are called the extremes; and the second and third terms the means. Thus, in the proportion a : b = с : d, a and d are the extremes, and b and с the means.
Página 14 - The number thus added to itself, or the number to be multiplied, is called the multiplicand. The number which shows how many times the multiplicand is to be taken, or the number by which we multiply, is called the multiplier.
Página 45 - Subtract, as in whole numbers, and place the decimal point in the remainder, directly under the decimal points above.
Página 193 - The pressure per unit of area exerted anywhere upon a mass of liquid is transmitted undiminished in all directions, and acts with the same force upon all surfaces, in a direction at right angles to those surfaces.
Página 53 - RULE. — Annex ciphers to the numerator and divide by the denominator. Point off as many decimal places in the quotient as there are ciphers annexed.
Página 120 - A circle is a plane figure bounded by a curved line, called the circumference, every point of which is equally distant from a point within called the center.