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inents of the Missisippi Territory and the Choctaw nation.--And the said nation does by these presents relinquish to the United States and quit claim forever, all their right, title and pretension to the land lying between the said line and the Missisippi river, bounded south by the thirty-first degree of north latitude, and north by the Yazoo river: where the said line shall strike the same; and on the part of the commissioners it is agreed, that all persons who may be settled beyond this line shall be removed within' it, on the side towards.the Missisippi, together with their slaves, household furniture, tools, materials and stock, and that the cabbins or houses crected by such persons shall be demolished.
ARTICLE IV. The president of the United States, may, at liis discretion, proceed, to execute the second article of this treaty ; and the third article may be carried into effect as soon as may be convenient to the government of the United States, and without unnecessary delay on the part of the other, of which the president shall be the judge; the Choctaws to be eeasonably advised, by order of the president of the United States, of The time when, and the place where, the re-survey and re-marking of the old line referred to in the preceding article, will be commenced.
ARTICLE V. The commissioners of the United States for, and in consideration of the foregoing concessions on the part of the Choctaw nation, and in suli satisfaction for the same, do give and deliver to the Mingos, chiefs and warriors of the said nation, at the signing of these presents, the value oftwa thousand dollars in goods and inerchandise, neit cost of Philadelphia, the receipt whereof is lately acknowledgerl, and they further agree to give three sets of blacksmith's tools to the said nation.
ARTICLE VI. This treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracting para ties, so soon as the same shall be ratified by the president of the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent of the Senate thereof. Done at Fort Adams, on the Missisippi, the seventh day of December
in the year of our Lord one thousand éight hundred and one.
Articles of a Ireaty
Concluded at Hopewell, on the Keowee, near Seneca Old Town, on the tenil,
day of January, in the year of our Lord one thousand seven hundred and eighty-six, between Benjamin Hawkins, Andrew Pickens, and Joseph Blartin, Commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of America, of the one part ; and Piomingo, Head Warrior and first Minister of the Chickasaw Nation ; Mingatushka, one of the leading Chiefs ; and Latopoia, first beloved Man of the said Nation, Commissioners plenipotentiary of all the Chickasaws, of the other part.
THE commissioners plenipotentiary of the United States of Ama.
1 rica give peace to the Chickasaw Nation, and receive them into the favor and protection of the said states, on the following conditions;
ARTICLL 1. The commissioners plenipotentiary of the Chickasaw nation, shall testore all the prisoners, citizens of the United States, to their entire Jiberty, if any there be in the Chickasaw nation. They shall also restore all the negroes, and all other property taken during the late war, from the citizens, if any there be in the Chickasaw nation, to such person, and at such time and place, as the commissioners of the United States of America shall appointe
· ARTICLE JI. The commissioners plenipotentiary of the Chickasaws, do hereby acknowledge the tribes and the towns of the Chickasaw nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign whosoever:
ARTICLE II. The boundary of the lands hereby allotted to the Chickasaw nation to live and hunt on, within the limits of the United States of America, is, and shall be the following, viz. Beginning on the ridge that divides the waters running into the Cumberland, from those running into the Tennessee, at a point in a line to be run north-east, which shall strike the Tennessee, at the mouth of Duck river; thence running westerly along the said ridge, till it shall strike the Ohio; thence down the southern banks thereof to the Missisippi; thence down the same, to the Choctaw line of Natches district; thence along the said line, or the line of the district eastwardly as far as the Chickasaws claimed, and lived and hunted o!, the twenty-ninth of November, one thousand seven hundred and eighty-two. Thence the said boundary, eastwardly, shall be the lands allotted to the Choclaws and Cherokees to live and hunt on, and the lands at present in the possession of the Creeks ; saving and resert.. ing for the establishment of a trading post, a tract or parcel of land to be laid out at the lower post of the Inzuscle shoals, at the inouth of Ocochappo, in a circle, the diameter of which shall be five iniles on the of river, which post, and the lands annexed thereto, shall be to the use and under the government of the United States of America.
ARTICLE IV. If any citizen of the United States, or other person not being an lodian, shall attempt to settle on any of the lands hereby allotted to the Chickasaws to live and hunt on, such person shall forfeit te protection of the United States of America, and the Chickasans may punish hiny or not, as they please.
ARTICLE V. If any Indian or Indians, or persons residing among them, or who shall take refuge in their nation, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, on any citizen of the United States, or person under their protection, the tribe to which such offender or offenders may be long, or the nation, shall be bound to deliver him or them up to be punished according to the ordinances of the United States in Congress sembled : Provided, that the punishment shall not be greater, than if the robbery or murder, or other capital crime, had been cominitted by a citizen on a citizen.
# The name of the River not in the original.
ARTICLE VI, If any citizen of the United States of America, or person under their protection, shall commit a robbery or murder, or other capital crime, on any Indian, such offender or ofienders shall be punished in the same manner as if the robbery or murder or other capital crime had been committed on a citizen of the United States of America ; and the puaishment shall be in presence of some of the Chickasaws, if any will attenck at the time and place, and that they may have an opportunity so to do, due notice, if practicable, of such intended punishment, shall be sent to some one of the tribes.
ARTICLE VII, It is understood that the punishment of the innocent under the idea of retaliation is unjust, and shall not be practised on either side, except where there is a manifest violation of this treaty; and then it shall be preceded, first by a demand of justice, and if refused, then by a decla: ration of hostilities,
ARTICLE VIII, For the benefit and comfort of the Indians, and for the prevention of injuries or oppressions on the part of the citizens or Indians, the United States in Congress assembled shall have the sois and exclusive right of regulating the trade with the Indians, and managing all their affairs in such manner as they think proper.
ARTICLE IX. Until the pleasure of Congress be kuown respecting the eighth are ticle, all traders,,citizens of the United States, shall have liberty to go to any of the tribes or towns of the Chickasaws to trade with them, and they shall be protected in their persons and property, and kindly treated.
ARTICLE X. The said Indians shall give notice to the citizens of the United States of America, of any designs which they may know or suspect to be formed in any neighboring tribe, or by any person whosoever, against the peace, trade or interests of the United States of America.
ARTICLE XI. The hatchet shall be forever buried, and the peace given by the United States of America, and friendship re-established between the said states on the one part, and the Chickasaw nation on the other part, shall be universal; and the contracting parties shall use their utmost endeavors to maintain the peace given as afuresaid, and friendship re-established.
* Ireaty of reciprocal Advantage and
mutual Convenience, Between the United States of America, and the Chickasaws, concluded at
Chickusaw Blufs, on the tsventy-fourth day of October, in the year one thousand eight hundred and one. THE president of the United States of America, by James Wilkin
1. son, brigadier-general in the service of the United States, Benjamin llawkins of North-Carolina, and Andrew Pickens of Souti-Carolina, commissioners of the United States, who are vested with full powers,
and the Mingeo, principal men and warriors of the Chickasaw nation, Hepresenting the said nation, have agreed to the following articles.
ARTICLE 1. The Mingeo, principal men and warriors of the Chickasaw nation of Indians, givé leave and permission to the president of the United States of America, to lay out, open and make a convenient waggon-road through their land between the settlements of Vero district in the state of Tennessee, and those of Natchez in the Niissisippi Territory, ia such way and manncr as he may deem proper; and it shall be a highway for the citizens of the United State, and the Chickasaws. The Chickasaws shall appoint two discreet men to serve as assistants, guides or pilots, during the time of laying out and opening the road, under the diroction of the officer charged with that duty, who shall have a reasonable compensation for their service ; Provided always, that the necessary ferries over the water courses crossed by the said road shall be held and deemed to be the property of thự Chickasaw nation,
AKTICLE II. The commissioners of the United States give to the Mingeo of the Chickasaws, and the deputation of that nation, goods to tlie value of seven hundred dollars, to compensate him and them and their attend ants for the expense and inconvenience they may have sustained by their respectful and friendly attention to the president of the Caited Siates of America, and to the request made to them in his name, to permit the opening of the road. And as the persons, townis, villages, lauds, hunting-ground, and other rights and property of the Cuis. saws, as set forth in the treaties cr stipulations heretofore entered into between the contracting parties, more especially in anib; a certiäcais of the president of the United States of America, under their seal of the first of July 1794, are in the peace and under the protíciion of the United States. The commissioners of the Cited States do hereby jurther agree, that the president of the Cnited States of America sh.1 take such measures from time to time, as he may think proper, to assist the Chickasaws to preserve entire all their rights against thescroachments of unjust neighlors, of which he shall be the ju's-, ar: 1 also to preserve and perpetuute friendsiip and brotheriood buroca the white people and the Chickasaws.
ARTICLE III, The'commissioners of the United States may, if they deem it ac. vis.ble, proceed immediately to carry the first article into operation, and the treaty shall take effect and be obligatory on the contracling parties as soon as the same shall have been r.tified by the presideni cf the United States of America, by and with the advice and consent çi the Senate of the United Sta!)
A Ireaty of peace and Friend Chip Ma le ard concluded at the ci'y of New-Yurk, on the sevenin d.ty of August,
one thousand suren huirdred ané ninety, betsveen the President of the Unit. ed States of America, on the vile part, and the Kings, Chiefs and Wars riors of the Creek Nation of Indians, on the other purt. THE parties icing desirons of establishing permanent peace and
friendship between the United States and the sail Crues Nation, and the citizens and members thereof, and to remove the causes of war by ascertaining their limits, and making other necessary, just and friendly arrargements: The president of the United States by lienry Knox, Secretary for the departinent of war, whom he hath constituied with full powers for these purposes, by and with ine advice and consent of the Senate of the United States, and the Creek Valiund, by the kings, chics and warriors, 1- senting the said nation, have agreed to the following articles.
ARTILE I. There shall be perpetual peace and siendship between all the citi. zens of the United States of America, and all the individuais, towns and tribes of the l'iper, Viddle and Lower Creeks üsd Semanolics, composing the Creek nation of Indians.
ARTICLE II. The kings, chiefs and warriors, for themselves and all parts of the Creek nation within the limits of the United States, do acsnovledge themselves, and the said parts of the Creck nation, to be under the protection of the United States of America, and of no other sovereign wliosoever; and they also stipulate tiiat the sail Crack nation will ict hold any treaty with an individual staic, or with individuals of any state,
AKTICLE III. The Creek nation shall deliver as soon as practicable to the commarding cilicer of the troops of the United States, stationed at the Rock-Landing on the Oconee river, all citizens of the United States, white inhabitants or negrocs, who ar, now prisoners in any part of the said nation. And if any suc prisoners or negroes should not be so deliverec, on or beture the first day of June ensuing, the governor of Georgia may empowui' three persons to repair to the said n..tion, in order to clai..i and recliiu sucla prisoners and negroes.
ARTICLE IV. Thc bo:indary between the citizens of the United States and the Creek Vaiion is, and shail be, from where the old line stiikostiu river Savannah ; thence up the sai liiver to a place on the inost buithern branch of the same, commoi ly called the licowue, where a north-east line to be drawn from the top of the Occunne mountain shailintuiscet; theace along the sind line iu a south-west circuiion to Tuclu iirer; thence to the top of the Currahee n.ountain; thence to the head or source pf the main south branch of the Oconee rives, Cull the appalaclice; thence down the middle of tho said maia south Lranch and river Oconee, to its confluence with the Oakinulgee, which forin the river Altaniaha ; and thence down the middle of the said iltamaha to'the old line on the said river, and thence along the sailcluline to the river St. Mary's.
And in order to preclude forever all disputes rclatirely to the head or source of the main south branch of the river Ocones, at the place where it shall be intersecled by the line aforesaid, from the Currahee mountain, the same shall be ascertained by an able survey or on the part of the United States, who shall be assisted by three cluj citizens of Georgia, who may be appointed by the governor of the said state, and three old Creek chiols, to be appointed by the said nation; and tie said surveyor', citizens and chiefs shall 1559ble for this purpose, on the first kay of October, one thousand $on hundred an: inety-e?, at the