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ARTICLE XIV. The commerce with the United States shall be on the same footing as is the commerce with Spain, or as that with the most favored nation for the time being; and their citizens shall be respected and esteemed, and have full liberty to pass and repass our country and staports where ever they please, without interruption.
ARTICLE XV. Merchants of both countries shall employ only such interpreters, and such other persons to assist them in their business, as they slali think proper. No commander of a vessei shall transport his cargo on board another vessel; he shall not be detained in port longer thaii hic inay think proper; and all persone employed in loading or unloading goods, or in any other labor whatever, shall be paid at the customary rates, not more and not less.
ARTICLE XVI. In case of a war between the parties, the prisoners are not to be made slaves, but to be exchanged one for another, captain for captuin, officer, for officer, and one private man for another; and if there shall prove a deficiency on either side, it shall be made up by the payment of ons hundred Mexican dollars for each person wanting. And it is agreed that all prisoners shall be exchanged in twelve months from the time of their being taken, and that this exchange may be ciccied by a mer. chant or any other person authorized by either of the parties.
ARTICLE XVII. Merchants shall not be compelled to buy or sell any kind of goods. but such as they shall think proper; and may buy and sell all sorts of merchandise but such as are prohibited to the other Christian nations.
ARTICLE XVIII. All goods shall be weighed and examined before they are sent on board, and to avoid all detention of vessels, no examination shall afterwards be made, unless it'shall first be proved that contraband goods have been sent on board, in which case, the persons who took the contraband goods on board, shall be punished according to the usage and custom of the country, and no other person whatever shall be injured, nor shall the ship or cargo incur any penalty or dainage whatever.
ARTICLE XIX. No vessel shall be detained in port on any pretence whaterer, nor be obliged to take on board any ariicies without the consent of the come mander, who shall be at full liberty to agree for the freigut of any goods he takes on board.
ARTICLE XX. If any of the citizens of the United States, or any persons under their protection, shall have any disputes with each other, the consul shall decide between the parties, and whenerer the consul shail require any aid or assistance froin our government, to enforce his decisions, it shall be immediately granted to him,
ARTICLE XXI. If a citizen of the United States shound kill or wound a Moor, or, on the contrary, if a Moor shall kill or wound a citizen of the United States, the law of the country shall tabe place, and equal justice shall be rendered, the consul assisting at the trial, and if any delinquent
shall make his escape, the consul shall not be answerable for him in any inanner whatever.
ARTICLE XXII. If an American citizen shall die in our country, and no will shall appear, the consul shall take possession of his effects ; and if there shall be no consul, the effects shall be deposited in the hands of some person worthy of trust, until the party shall appear who has a right to demand them; but if the heir to the person deceased be present, the property shall be delivered to him without interruption; and if a will shall appear, the property shall descend agreeable to that will, as soon as the consul shall declare the validity thereof.
ARTICLE XXIII. The consuls of the United States of America, shall reside in any seaport of our dominions that they shall think proper; and they shall be l'espected, and enjoy all the privileges which the consuls of any other mation enjoy; and if any of the citizens of the United States shall contract any debts or engagements, the consul shall not be in any manner accountable for them, unless he shall have given a promise in writing for the payment or fulfilling thereof, without which promise in writing, no application to him for any redress shall be made.
ARTICLE XXIV. If any differences shall arise by either party infringing on any of the articles of this treaty, peace and harmony shall remain notwithstanding, in the fullest force, until a friendly application shall be made for an arrangement, and until that application shall be rejected, no appeal shall be made to arms. And if a war shall break out between the parties, nine months shall be granted to all the subjects of both parties, to dispose of their effects and retire with their property. And it is further declared, that whatever indulgencies, in trade or otherwise, shall be granted to any of the Christian powers, the citizens of the United States shall be equally entitled to them.
ARTICLE XXV. This treaty shall continue in full force, with the help of God, for fifty years.
We have delivered this book into the hands of the beforementioned Thomas Barclay, on the first day of the blessed month of Ramadan, in the year one thousand two hundred. I certify that the annexed is a true copy of the translation made by lsax
Cardosa Nunez, interpreter at Morocco, of the treaty between the Emperor of Morocco, and the United States of America.
Grace to the only God. !, The under-written, the servant of God, Taher Ben Abdelkack Fennish, do certify, that his Imperial Majesty, my master, (whom God preserve) having concluded a treaty of peace and commerce with the United States of America, has ordered me, the better to complete it
and in addition of the tenth article of the treaty, to declare, " That if “any vessel belonging to the United States, shall be in any of the ports " of his Majesty's dominions, or within gun-shot of his forts, she shall “ be protected as much as possible; and no vessel whatever, belonging " either to Moorish or Christian powers, with whom the United States " may be at war, shall be permitted to follow or engage her, as we now " deem the citizens of America our good friends."
AND, in obedience to his Majesty's commands, I certify this declartion, by putting my hand and seal to it, on the eighteenth day of Ran: adan, * in the year one thousand two hundred. The servant of the King, my master, whom God preserve,
TAHER BEN ABDELKACK FINNISH.
I do certify that the above is a true copy of the translation made at Mon rocco, by Isaac Cordoza Nunez, Interpreter, of a declaration made and signed by Sidi Hage Tcher Fennish, in addition to the treaty between the Em. 270) of Morocco and the United States of America, which declaration the said Taher Fennish made by the express directions of his Majesty,
Now, KNOW YE, That we the said John Adams and Thomas Jeffers son, Ministers Plenipotentiary aforesaid, do approve and conclude the said treaty, and every article and clause therein contained, reserving the same nevertheless to the United States in Congress assembled, for their final ratification. In testimony sherenf, we have signed the same with cur names and seals, at the places of our respective residence, and at the dates expressed under .
(L. S.) London, fanuary 25th, 1787. THOMAS JEFFERSON, (L. S.)
Puris, January 1st, 1787.
A Treaty of Peace and Amity
Concleded this present day lima artasi, the twenty-first of the Luna safer,
fear of the Hegira 1210, corresponding with Saturday the fifth of Se tenber, one thousand seven hundred and ninety-five, between Hassan Bashaw, Dey of Algiers, his Divan and Subjects, and George Washington, Prea sident of the United States of North-America, and the Citizens of the said United States.
ARTICLE I. FROM the date of the present treaty, there shall subsist a firm and
sincere peace and amity between the President and citizens of the United States of North-America, and Hassan Bashaw, Dey of Algiers,
* The Ramadanof the year of the Hegira, 1200, commenced on the built Tune, in the year of our Lord 1786,
his Divan and subjects; the vessels and subjects of both nations reci. procally treating each other with civility, honor and respect,
ARTICLE II. All vessels belonging to the citizens of the United States of NorthAinerica, shall be permitted to enter the different ports of the Regency, to trade with our subjects, or any other persons residing within our jurisdiction, on paying the usual duties at our custom-house that is paid by all nations at peace with this Regency; observing that all goods disembarked and not sold here shall be permitted to be reembarked without paying any duty whatever, either for disembarkirg or em. barking. All naval and military stores, such as gun-powder, lead, iron, plank, sulphur, timber for building, tar, pitcla, rosin, turpentine, and any other goods denominated naral and military stores, shall be permitted to be sold in this Regency, without paymg any duties whatever at the custoin-house of this Regency.
ARTICLE IIT. The vessels of both nations shall pass each other without any impediment or molestation ; and all scods, monies or passengers, of what. soever nation, that may be on board of the vessels belonging to either party, shall be considered as inviolable, and shall be allowed to pass unmolested.
ARTICLE IV. All ships of war belonging to this Regency, on meeting with mer. chant-vessels belonging to citizens of the United States, shall be allowel to visit them with two persons only beside the rowers ; these two only permitted to go on board said vessel, without obtaining express leave froin the commander of said vessel, who shall compare the passport, and immediately permit said vessel to procecd on her voyage unmolested. All ships of war belonging to the United States of NorthAmerica, on meeting with an Algerine cruiser, and shall have seen her passport and certificate from the Consul of the United States of North America, resident in this Regency, shall be permitted to proceed on her cruise unmolested: No passport to be issued to any ships but such as are absolutely the property of citizens of the United States: And eighteen months shall be the term allowed for furnishing the ships of the United States with passports.
ARTICLE V. No commander of any cruiser belonging to this Regency, shall be allowed to take any person, of whatever nation or denominatio-, cut of any vessel belonging to the United States of North-America, in order to examine them, or under pretence of making them confess any thing desired; neither shall they indict any corporal punishment, or any way else molest them.
ARTICLE VI. If any vessel belonging to the United States of North-America, shull be stranded on the coast of this Regency, they shall receive every pose sille assistance from the subjects of this Regency: All goods saved 1:01 the wreck shall be permitted to be reembaiked on board of any other vessel, without paying any cuties at the cusiom house.
ARTICLE VII. The Algerines are not, on any pretence whatever, to gire er sid
any vessel of war to any nation at war with the United States of NorthAinerica, or any vessel capable of cruising to the detriment of the com. merce of the United States.
ARTICLE VIII. Any citizen of the United States of North-America, having bought any prize condemned by the Algerines, shall not be again captured by the cruisers of the Regency then at sea, although they have not a passport; a certificate from the consul resident being deemed suiticieni, until such time they can procure such passport.
ANTICLE IX. If any of the Barhory statcs at war with the United States of NorthAmerica, shall capture any American vessel and bring her into any of the ports of this Regency, they shall not be permitted to sell her, but shall depart the port on procuring the requisite supplies of provision.
ARTICLE X. Any vessel belonging to the United States of North-America, when at war with any other nation, shall le permitted to send their prizes, into the ports of the Regency, have leave to dispose of them, without paying any duties un saie tiereof. All vessels wanting provisions or refreslinxents, shall be permitted to buy them at market price.
ARTICLE XI. All ships of war belonging to the United States of North America, on anchoring in the ports of the Regency, shall receive the usual presents of provisions and refreshments, gratis. Should any of the slaves of this regency make their escape on board said vessels, they shall be immediately returned : No excuse shall be made that they have bid themselves amongst the people and cannoi be found, or any other cquivocation.
ARTICLE XII. No citizen of the United States of North-America, shall be obliged to redeem any slave against his will, even should he be his brother: Neither shall the owner of a slave be forced to sell him against his will ; but all such agreemelits must be made by consent of parties. Should any American citizen be taken on board an enemy-ship, by the cruisers of this Regency, having a reguler passport, specifying they are citizens of the Uniied States, they shall be immediately set ai liberty. On the contrary, they having 10 passport, they and il tir property shall be considered lawful prize; as this Regency know their friends by thcir passports.
ARTICLE XIII. Should any of the citizens oi' the United States of North-America, die within the limits of this Regency, the Dey and his subjects shall not interfere with the property of the deceased; but it shall be under the immediate direction of the consul: Unless otherwise disposed of by will. Should there be no consul, the effects shall be deposited in the hands of some person worthy of trust, until the party shall appear who has a right to demand tlem ; when they shall render an account of the properti. Neither shall the Dey or Divan give hindrance in the exca Gution of any will that may appear.
ARTICLE XIV. No citizen of the United States of North-America, shall be obliged