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remained with the sergeant. He did to a great disproportion in the sexes. his duty. He walked up to the kneel- Mr. Dunlop found a village in which ing soldier, blew his brains out, and there were 400 boys and only 120 girls ; went back to his barracks desperate and which he is not inclined to attribute to reckless. Never, never more, was he infanticide, but rather to nature adaptto grasp the warm hand of a friend, ing the supply to the demand. In never again to see his comrades' eyes these hills, also, the inhabitants are in brighten when he approached. He was the habit of getting drunk on surrepa shunned, avoided man. Three days titiously-distilled whisky (a custom we he bore it: on the fourth he committed have heard attributed to mountaineers suicide. We submit that this is one of rather nearer home than the Himalayas). the most painful stories we have ever Arriving at 8 P. M. at a village, he was read: Even the end of the “ Tale of informed that it was useless to attempt Two Cities” is not more tragical. to see any one on business that night,
But come, let us up and away to the as they all were, or ought to be, drunk. Ghats with Mr. Dunlop.
The women do all the work. As for
the men, they toil not, but curious to “Far off the torrent called me from the cleft, relate, they do spin ; in fact, they do Far up the solitary morning smote The streaks of virgin snow.”
nothing else, except get drunk. They
go about with a yarn round their body, Mr. Dunlop takes us up and on through in a state of obfuscation, and spin away the hills, leading from range to range, till they are too drunk to see. Taking and giving us not only graphic and it all in all, we should say that no state accurate descriptions of the various of society in the world approximates so kinds of game to be killed, but also closely to “Queer Street," as the higher a highly interesting and important ac- ranges of the Himalayas. count of the manners and customs of And so, with many a pleasant story, our fellow-subjects in those wild regions. and many a scrap of valuable informaHer Majesty's lieges in those parts, we tion, we are led up over the dizzy snow hear, are, in their social relations, not slopes, and under the gleaming glaciers, polygamists, but polyandrists,—the wife into the Himachul, on the heads of the of one brother being common to the Sutledge in Thibet,—the land of everrest of the family; and we find, also, lasting snow,—the haunt of the Ovis that this astonishing arrangement tends Ammon and the Bunchowr.
Stranger it is to lie at ease
O ever solitary sea, As now, with thoughts that fly
Of which we all have found More light and wandering than sea-birds Somewhat to dream or say—the type Between the waves and sky!
Of things without a boundTo play child's play with shells and
Love, long as life, and strong as death; weeds, And view the ocean grand
Faith, humble as sublime;
Eternity, whose large depths hold But as one wave that may submerge
The wrecks of this small Time ;A baby-house of sand; And not once look, or look by chance, Unchanging, everlasting sea ! With old dreams quite supprest,
To spirits soothed and calm Across that mystic wild sea-world Thy restless moan of other years Of infinite unrest.
Becomes an endless psalm.
VOLUNTEERING, PAST AND PRESENT.
BY JOHN MARTINEAU.
To a student of the Law in Chambers possible to make out what a Volunteer on a bright day in May, seeking for of the 16th century did, and thought, mental illumination by the “gladsome and was like. light of Jurisprudence," there will ensue They are more than ever interesting at times, after declarations and pleas now, those quaint picturesque old Staduly drawn, and evidence advised upon, tutes, belonging as they do to the turna decided distaste for "Chitty's Practice, ing-point of English history, after the to try to learn law out of which seems death of the middle ages—times of as very like reading “Liddell and Scott" redundant external vigourand enterprise, to learn Greek. His thoughts, perhaps, and of greater change and development wander to his last Position-drill
, (for of of "inner life,” than even these times course he is a Volunteer,) and he tries of railways and telegraphs ; when the doing a little drill at the same time, by country had had half a century of comreading, sitting on his right heel, “as a parative peace (as we have had since rear-rank kneeling ;” which attempt the French war), to recover from the proving both uncomfortable and unsuc- civil wars which had destroyed at once cessful, “ Chitty's Practice” has to be the feudal aristocracy of the country transferred to the refractory heel for a and the weapons with which they fought. connecting-link and cushion, and being The long-bow was slowly yielding to taus fully occupied, cannot be any longer the “
the "handgonne” and the “hagbut, " read. So by way of lighter reading, and as Brown-Bess has been driven out by in defiance of Chief Justice Wilmot's the Enfield and the Whitworth. dictum that “the Statute-Law is like a Fondly and pertinaciously did the “ tyrant, where he comes he makes all government of those days cling to the void; but the Common-Law is like tradition that the strength of England
nursing-father, and makes void only was in the long-bow; and, when war and " that part where the fault is, and saves threatened invasion menaced from one or “the rest,” he turns to an early volume other of the two great empires of the of the Statutes, and remembering Mr. Continent, passed act after act against the I'roude's history of those times, opens at use of "crosbowes and hand-gonnes," and the reign of Henry VIII. to see if it is making constant practice with the longbow compulsory upon “every man being “men, yeomen, servingmen, &c. to shote “the King's subject within the age of “with any hand-gune, demyhake, or “sixty years," adding minute directions “ hagbut, at any butt or bank of earth for the supply of bows, and the erection “onlye, in place convenient for the same of practice-butts in every village in the “.. wherebye they may the better ayde country.
" and assist to the defence of this Realme In 1514 was passed a statute (con- “when nede shall require.” firming, a previous one), enacting that The first mention this, of butts for “ no person from henceforth shote in ball practice. But it seems they were "any crosbowe, or any handgonne, un- not enough used, for again in 1548 we “less he have land and tenement to the find an act, described in the Act of “yerely value of 300 marke.” Eight William III. (which repealed it,) as foryears later this shooting-qualification is bidding any one “under the degree of reduced to £100 a year. In 1534 a a Lord of the Parliament to shote any special permission is granted, as a pro- more pellets than one at any one time. tection against their border enemies, to It seems very hard that a Lord of the inhabitants of the “Countrees of Nor- Parliament's shoulder should have been “ thumberland, Durisme, Westmerland, subjected to the recoil of a charge of "and Comberland to kepe in their houses two bullets at once, and the “Statutes “crosbowes and handgonnes for defence Unabridged,” on being referred to, do “ of theire persones goodes and houses not bear out the description. The Act “against Thefes Scottes, and other the is “againste the shootinge of hayle“Kynge's enemies, and for clensing and shote," and runs thus, -"Forasmuch "scouring of the same only, and for none ... as not onelye dwelling-houses, “other purpose.” A tacit admission this, “ dove-cotes and churches are daylye dathat the long-bow was not the best “maged... by men of light conversacon, weapon after all, and that the “thefes “ but also there is growen a customable Scottes ” required some more formidable “mannerofshotinge of hayle-shott,whereWeapon.
“ by infynite sorte of fowle ... is killed But, alas ! Volunteers, in those days as “ to the benefitt of no man.... Also the well as in these, sometimes forgot their “sd use of hayle-shott utterly destroyeth mission of “clensing and scouring the “the certentye of shotinge which in Kynge's enemies," and used
used their warres is much requisite, be it therefore weapons for even worse purposes than “enacted that noe person under the “shooting the dog ;” for in 1541 we find • degree of a lorde of the Parliament that “ divers malicious and evil-disposed “shall from hencefore shoote with any "persons of their malicious and evil-dis- “handgonne within any citie or towne at "posed myndes and purposes have wil- “any fowle or other marke upon any "fully and shamefully committed divers “ church house or dove-cote ; neither “detestable and shamefull murthers, rob- “that any person shall shote in anye “eries, felonyes, ryotts and routs, with place anye hayle-shott or anye moe "crosbowes, little short handguns, and “pellotts (bullets) than one at one “ little hagbuts, to the great pill and “ tyme, upon payne to forfayte for everie "contynuall fear and damage of the tyme tenne poundes, and emprisonment "Kyng's most lovinge subjects . . . . and “of his bodye during three months.” "now of late the said evil-disposed per- But the churches were disturbed not “sons, &c. doe yet daylie use to ride and only by “pellotts” from without, but “goe in the King's highewayes . . . . with (like our St. George's-in-the-East) by "little hand-guns ready furnished with rioters from within. Nor were they (as “quarrell-gunpowder, fyer and touche, to there is good hope will be the case at "the great pill, &c." It is therefore en- St. George's,) to be calmed by the devoacted that these fire-arms shall be of a tion and ability of one clergyman, undercertain fixed length,“ provided alway... standing the wounded instincts of both “that it shall be lawfull for all gentle- sides, and dealing gently, and patiently,
and firmly with each. In 1552 sterner unread on the table and go. Two measures were needed; for we find that, or three hours travelling through the -“Forasmuch as of late divers and meadows and hop-grounds of Kent, and “ many outrageous and barbarous beha- he is at the focus
and head-quarters of “ viours and acts have been used and the rifle movement, and the present nine“committed by divers ungodly and ir- teenth soon drives out all thought of
religious persons by quarrelling, brawl- the past sixteenth century. The town “ing, fraying, and fighting openly in is filling fast with Volunteers, who come “Churches and Church-yards, .
it in by coach-loads after every train, and is enacted that if the offence be by soon settle down into comfortable little words only, the offender shall be excom- lodgings in various parts of the town. municated ; but that “If any person They muster for the first time, to the “shall strike any person with any number of eighty, next morning on the "weapon in Church or. Church-yard, parade-ground in front of the barracks
, “or draw any weapon in Church or and are told off into nine squads or Church-yard, to the intent to strike sections, grouped, as far as practicable
, "another, he shall be adjudged to have according to counties. The Scotchmen, one of his ears cut off
. And if the (no longer “ Thefes Scottes and Kynge's person so offending have none ears enemies,”) take post on the right as
whereby they should receive such section No. 1. Next come the Norfolk, "a punishment, that then he or they Suffolk, and Cambridgeshire men. to be marked and burned in the Middlesex, which sends a large quota
, “cheek with an hot iron having the makes up, with Surrey and Sussex, Nos. “letter F therein, whereby he or they 3 and 4. Devon, Cornwall, and Somerset, “may be known or taken for Fray- make up No. 5, and complete the right makers and Fighters.”
wing. In the left wing are four sections It would be an endless, though not from the Midland, Northern, Southern, uninteresting, task to trace out all the and South-eastern counties. Acts bearing upon topics so familiar to It was a picturesque sight that morour own days; but there they are- ning, the nine many-coloured groups on Sewers Acts, Poison Acts, Wine-Licenses the fresh-mown grass. In front of the Acts, and what not.
barracks is a broad terrace of gravel
, The long-bow must soon have almost with a lawn sloping gently down from disappeared, for we find English artillery it towards the road, from which it is in the ships of Queen Elizabeth's cap- separated by a row of fine elms; and tains superior beyond all comparison to under their shade each squad is drawn any that could be brought against it, up in line facing its Instructor, whose till, with our usual confidence and over- red coat stands out in pleasing contrast security, allowing it to be exported freely, of colour against the bright green grass ; Spanish ships came to be armed with while at the further end are a group or English metal; and in 1601, in a debate two of regulars, drilling one another on the subject, we find Sir Walter Raw- and getting the "slang" by heart, under leigh complaining, “I am sure hereto- the auspices of the adjutant, and amongst “fore one ship of Her Majesty's was able them two or three magnificent figures "to beat twenty Spaniards; but now, by in fez or turban, negroes and mulattoes “reason of our own ordnance, we are from West India regiments. hardly matched one to one
Of the volunteers scarcely two uniAlready half demoralized by such un- forms are alike. Black or dark-green lawful studies, how is a luckless law- seems to have least to recommend it. student to resist when one fine morning It soon shows dirt and wear, is hotter there comes an offer from the war-office in hot sun without being warmer in cold of a place in the volunteer class of weather, and against most back-grounds musketry instruction at Hythe. There is quite as visible as red, with a more is nothing for it but to leave the briefs clearly defined outline. Silver-lace, and such tawdry ornamentation, soon gets the volunteer officer, in the excitement shabby with Hythe use. Chains and of being under fire for the first time, whistles did not often appear, their only and in the blinding smoke and confuknown use being to bring the dogs sion of the battle, to know that a red-coat within easy range. On the whole, the covers a friend, and all other colours a least visible colour is the government foe! What a horrible suspense to await brownish-grey:
Everything depends with cocked rifles the approach of a upon the back-ground ; and the back- body of men with no distinctive appearground is more likely to be of that ance, some eager to fire on them, others colour than of any other. Roads, as certain that they are friends ; or if beaches, sandy rock, dry fallows, &c., the right word (to fire or to cease firing,) are more or less brownish-grey; and has been given, each man forming his even under the greatest disadvantage, as own opinion and acting upon it, in the when seen against light green, a body consciousness (and this is our one weak of grey men, lying still in long grass at point,) that his commander has little, if six hundred or seven hundred yards dis- any, more intelligence and knowledge tance, might easily be mistaken for a and experience than himself! flock of sheep, or so many pieces of rock As to shape, the best is something or stone.
looser than a tunic and closer-fitting On the other hand, it is quite an open
than a blouse. The 6th Wiltshire is question whether it is desirable to be excellent; but about the best specimen so invisible. At first it was laid down is one that was made for the captain that Volunteers were to act only as commanding the 19th Middlesex, but skirmishers, or as half-drilled irregular which he could not persuade his corps sharpshooters, resting on the regular to adopt. Under this a man may wear troops for support. But their number (if he likes) as many waistcoats as now far exceeds that of the regular army George IV., and thereby avoid the present at one time at home, and in case inconvenience of a great coat.
A desire of war and impending invasion would to look smart and soldierlike has been be increased three or fourfold at least, the reason for many corps adopting the so that it is to be hoped we may count tight wadded tunic. Some have gone upon having on an emergency at least so far as to adopt the shape and fit of a 300,000 well-trained Volunteers. Now boy's jacket, which really in a portly 300,000 men extended in files at skir- Briton looks too scanty for propriety. mishing distance, six paces, or five yards, Dandyism unfortunately bids fair to apart, would form a line of skirmishers be almost as mischievous amongst volun426 miles in length. Supposing half teers as red-tape once was in the army, this force to be not engaged, and of the in the matter of uniform ; and, as it is remainder half, or 75,000, to form the not likely to be extirpated in a hurry, it reserves, and a quarter, or 37,500, to be must be taken into account as an ineviin support, there would still remain a table evil. But why does dandyism still line of front always ready to face the crave after the Tight? One had hoped enemy of 37,500 men, or more than that the days of self-torture by means fifty-three miles of skirmishers, capable of tight coats, tight boots, and tight of being reinforced or relieved at any stocks were over. Are not the two point and at any moment- -a force ab- loosest of modern dresses also the most surdly out of proportion to the numbers graceful and becoming ; namely, a lady's of the regulars in line. It is clear that, riding-habit, and a clergyman's surplice if all are to be available, they must be (the latter, at least, as worn by underprepared to act exactly as regulars, to graduates, without hood or scarf or other take any place and perform any evolu- incongruous symbol of mundane learntion in the field of battle that
be ing)? required of them. And here is the use The great diversity of dress might be of the old red-coat. What a relief to a serious evil in the field. Could not a