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the High-Church element, by a pure of the Reichsrath with such force, that spirit of brotherly love.

that body almost unanimously passed a * The two Protestant Churches of Hun- resolution that the rights of the dissentgary, after having forced the gov- i ing denominations had in some cases ernment to forego its pretensions, are been violated, and that the ecclesiastical rejoicing at the recovery of their consti- | legislation of Austria ought to be regututional rights. In the Reformed Church | lated in accordance with the principles all the congregations are again governed of right and justice. The Protestants by the former Church constitution; in of Austria felt never more confident the Lutheran Church only sixteen Sca- than at present, that the day when full vonian congregations adhere to the new equality of rights with their Roman constitution proclaimed by the Imperial | Catholic fellow-citizens will be granted Patent of September 1, 1859, and have s to them, cannot be much longer postconstituted themselves an independent poned. In other German States the superintendentship, with which the rest influence of Rome has met with even of the Church refuses to hold ecciesiastical greater reverses. The government communion. Both Churches held in of Baden has officially declared the late September and October General Assem concordat as abandoned, and the Legisblies, which occupied themselves with lature of the Grand Duchy of Darmsecuring the newly recovered rights of | stadt has resolved, with all votes against the Churches, with obtaining from the two, to call on the government to break government an unequivocal acknowledg. off its negotiations with the bishop of ment of the fundamental law of Hun the country, to whom a great many garian Protestantism of 1791, with concessions had been made, and to reg. extending the control of the Church ulate the legal relations of the Catholic over the Protestant schools, with carry Church to the State by a special law. ing through a presbyterian constitution where it does not yet exist, and with

ITALY. preparations for the convocation of the General Synods of the Churches. In THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES.— The no Austrian province is the PROGRESS OF intelligence on the Progress of ProtPROTESTANTISM at present more marked estantism in Italy has never been than in Bohemia. Numerous conver more cheering and more full of promise sions of Roman Catholics are reported i for the future than during the past three from a number of places. One Protest-months. The successes of Garibaldi and ant pastor writes to the Protestant | Victor Emanuel have, for the first time Church Gazette of Pesth, that in the since the suppression of the Reformation village of Spalow sixty adult persons in the sixteenth century, thrown open have legally declared their intention to the whole peninsula to the free and open join the Evangelical Church, and that proclamation of the doctrines of evanall the adult inhabitants over eighteen gelical Christianity. In the kingdom years of age will soon follow this of Sardinia the work consolidates and example. The Baptist Churches of extends itself. In Val d'Aosta there Germany, Switzerland, and Denmark seems to be a great spirit of inquiry held their triennial convention at Ham- awakened. The Waldensian minister at burg on October 4. Their cause is Courmayeur and Aosta, Rev. Mr. Curie, highly prosperous and steadily pro- | has issued a work entitled, “The Minisgressing. Their membership, during ter and the Priests; or, an Answer to the the past three years, has increased from Attacks of the Clerical Party in Sardinia five thousand nine hundred and one to | against Protestantism," (Le Ministre seven thousand nine hundred and eight, et les Prétres, etc.,) which has produced and the number of preaching stations quite a ferment among the priests of that from five hundred and seventy-four to valley, who call it “ Le comble du poison.seven hundred and fifty-six.

A number of them publicly tore a copy

of the book in pieces in the marketTHE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.- | place of Aosta, but, much against their It is generally believed that the Austrian expectation, greatly contributed thereby Concordat may now be regarded as to an increase of the sale of the book. virtually abolished. Some of the griey- Mr. Curie has since made inquiries to ances of the Protestant and Greek ascertain whether an edition of his book Churches were set forth in the meetings | might not be brought out in Italian, and whether any society would take it up. ; there also; but the charge of the congreMr. Curie's place of meeting in Aosta gations at Leghorn and Pisa affords is always crowded to the door, and a him ample work, and beyond an occalarger place is much required. He has sional visit to the new localities menbeen invited to visit numerous villagestioned he cannot go. In Naples and around and to hold meetings. Mr. Jay, Sicily active operations have likewise a Waldensian minister, who studied for been commenced. A late agent for the a year in Edinburgh, has gone to aid him British and Foreign Bible Society, has by occupying Courmayeur, and is now been for some time at Palermo, and has supplied with an active, pious colporteur. | written to some of his friends that his In the former Papal States the city of success in selling Bibles has been very Bologna will be the prominent center of great, there being a great demand for the work of evangelization. A Vaudois them. Father Gavazzi and a popular evangelist has settled there, and what is Sicilian preacher, Frate Pantaleone, still more important, the most zealous Gavazzi's chaplain, have been very and learned among the Italian converts active in haranguing large crowds on from the Roman Catholic Church, Mr. the errors of the papacy. Toward the Mazarella, hitherto leader of the Evan- close of October Gavazzi commenced in gelical Protestant congregation of Genoa, the former church of the Jesuits at Nahas been appointed by the government ples lectures on the New Testament. to the chair of Moral Philosophy in the Efforts were made to prohibit his preachUniversity of Bologna, and has accepted ing, but Garibaldi protected him. The the appointment on the express condition English residents of Naples, who applied that his exertions for spreading the prin- to Garibaldi for the permission of buildciples of evangelical Christianity woulding a church, received not only this per. be in no way interfered with. The Ed- mission, but also the donation of a suitinburgh Bible Society has dispatched a able piece of land. The British and colporteur to Umbria and the Marches, Foreign Bible Society and the Edinburgh to take advantage of the openings there. | Bible Society have both dispatched their In Tuscany, the Waldensian Theological agents to the city of Naples with a large Hall at Florence has been opened with supply of Bibles, and a large number of nine students; and a letter has been re copies has been, unimpeded, sold in the ceived from a priest at Brescia, announc streets. Rev. Mr. Cresi, who for some ing his resolution to go to Florence / months has been stationed as a missionduring the winter to attend the lectures. ary at Bologna, has expressed his desire An additional female school for the chil to return to Naples, his native country, dren of the upper classes has just been in order to preach the Gospel there, and opened in Florence, under the auspices from thence to do what he can for Sicily of two deaconesses from the establish until some minister be provided. An ment of Protestant Deaconesses at English gentleman of well-known liberKaiserswerth in Germany. The colpor-ality, Mr. Henderson, of Park, has taken teurs throughout Tuscany, notwithstand the support of this young minister upon ing their number, find a good sale both himself. The Waldenses, according to for Bibles and tracts. One of them at the last accounts, were sending two coltended a fair at the small town of Pon- porteurs into Sicily, whose headquarters tedera, and sold in a short time fifty for the present will be Palermo, and copies of the Bible. The progress in other colporteurs will be sent by other the flourishing city of Leghorn, where parties to Messina, and along the eastfor a few weeks after the reopening of the ern coast of the island. Thus a number place of meeting many former attend- of Protestant agencies are at work ants absented themselves through fear throughout Italy. The British and of annoyances, is now again highly sat- | Foreign Bible Society has twenty-four isfactory. The hall, which holds about colporteurs employed, the Edinburgh two hundred persons, is always crowded | Bible Society eight, the Italian Society to the door, and many cluster around į at Geneva twelve, and a considerable who cannot find admission. The Wal- number are employed by the Vaudois densian minister at Leghorn, Rev. Mr. Bible and Tract Society. Still many Ribetti, has had an invitation from a regret that the unprecedented opportunumber of people in the village of Calvi, nities for the evangelization of Italy near Pisa, and from another place about which exist at present do not induce forty miles distant, to open meetings | more of the religious societies of Protestant countries to take an active part I been served by orthodox ministers, bav. in it.

ing formed a second pastor's place, and

proposed for it three orthodox candidates, THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH. The | the Consistory of Dieppe has passed over Temporal Power of the Pope may now all the three proposed candidates from be regarded as being at an end. Only whom, according to law, it was to choose the city of Rome and a small adja one, and appointed the pastor of a small cent tract of country are still kept by Rationalistic congregation at the same French troops against their will, under place, which eighteen years ago sepathe dominion of the Pope. How eager rated from the National Church, for the the whole population of the Papal States | office and this appointment has been are to get rid of the Papal rule, and how ratified by the government. The Ralittle they care for the excommunication tionalistic pastor has been installed over which has been pronounced against all the protesting congregation, to which he who are instrumental in the diminution has joined his Rationalists. The Espéof the "Patrimony of St. Peter," has re-rance, the organ of the evangelical party, cently again been shown by the vote of takes occasion from this "most deplorthe people of Umbria and the Marches | able affair which has taken place in the on their annexation to Sardinia. In Um Reformed Church since the commencebria 97,040 voted for and 380 against an- ment of this century” to urge the imnexation; and in the Marches 133,783 perious necessity of a prompt return to for and only 1,212 against. In conse- the practice of synodical organization. quence of the annexation of the Papal | In the present disposition of the French provinces and of Naples, THE LIBERAL EC-government there is, however, but little CLESIASTICAL LEGISLATION of Sardinia hope, we fear, for any advancement of has now been extended over all Italy. the self-government of the Churches. The Bishops, priests, and monks have been French Academy, at its annual meetsubjected to the civil law like all other ing held in September, awarded the first citizens, the Jesuits, as the chief pro | prize for peculiarly virtuous deeds, for moters of despotism, have been expelled, the first time, to a Protestant pastor, the and the extraordinary number of con Rev. John Bost, of Laforce, for his three vents will soon be considerably reduced. | institutions for orphan, blind, idiotic, and

incurable children. The merits of the FRANCE.

humble pastor were eloquently set forth

by one of the greatest living French THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES.—The scholars, M. de Remusat. The impresSynod of the Union of Evangelical sion made in France by this decision of Churches assembled on Sept. 6, at St. the Academy, has been the more proEtienne, near Lyons. The usual author- found, as these very institutions at Laization hitherto granted was this year force had been the butt, for years, of the refused, and the meeting of Synod inter most virulent calumnies from the Ultradicted by the Minister of Public Instruc montanists. tion. On remonstrance it was by stealth connived at, but since it has been an THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.nounced that no future meetings of the The Ultramontane Party in France Synod will be allowed. An important have done more than their coreligionists change in the “Confession" of the Union, in any other country for supporting the by which the nature of the death of Pope in his last struggle for maintaining Christ, as an atoning sacrifice, was de the political power of the Papacy. Men clared more fully and explicitly than be- and money have been liberally furnished, fore, was unanimously adopted. A full and the bishops have made the utmost and interesting account was given by efforts to prevail on the government to the “Commission for Evangelization," come to the rescue of the Pope. This which throughout showed the present attempt, however, has entirely failed. remarkable openings in France for the The government, while leaving individual preaching of the Gospel. The Struggle Catholics at liberty to show their sympabetween the Evangelical and Rational- thy with the cause of the Pope in any istic Elements in the National Re- way they pleased, has prohibited the formed Church has recently led again to formation of committees for regularly & painful collision. The congregation of collecting the Peter's Pence. It has Luneray, which for many years past has | again suppressed a leading organ of the

ultramontane school, the Gazette de Lujon, in Spain, the clergy of that place, on acand has officially requested the bishops count of the parents' religion, refused not to lend their help to the new arch him Christian burial; and when the father, confraternity of “St. Peter in the bonds," which required its members to use all to wait for an authorization to introduce means for the defense of the Papal power. the dead body, the chief of the post on Thus the disagreement between the gov-duty threatened that he would have the ernment and the Church has become body cast into the river if in an hour he greater than it has ever been before. did not get the permission. At Bilboa

about three hundred Protestants, conSPAIN.

nected with the railway now building,

having collected on Sunday to worship, PROTESTANTISM.—The Persecution of a number of Spanish officials entered the Protestantism remains unabated. A church during the Litany and put a stop child fifteen months old, belonging to to the service. The buying and possessProtestant parents of Bayonne, in France, ing of a Protestant book remains stricthaving died at Villabona, near Vittoria, I ly and absolutely forbidden.

ART. IX.-FOREIGN LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
GERMANY.

Dr. Stier, well known as the author of 1. Exegetical Theology.

the Words of the Lord Jesus and the A new Commentary on the Prophets

Words of the Apostles, has published, after the exile (Die nachexilischen Pro

after the model of these works, a volume pheten, Leipz.) has been commenced by A.

of “The Words of the Angels," (Reden Köhler, Privatdocent of Theology at the

der Engel, Barmen,) the first work ever University of Erlangen. The author be

published on this subject. longs, like the whole theological faculty Dr. Tischendorf has issued an extens. with which he is connected, to the ortho- | ive prospectus of the important Sinaitic dox Lutheran school, and has previously | manuscript of the Bible, which was dispublished several exegetical articles in covered by him on his Oriental journey the Theological Quarterly, published by ) in 1859, and the publication of which is Dr. Rudelbach and Dr. Guericke. The announced for the year 1862. (Notitia first volume of his commentary contains Editionis Codicis Bibliorum Sinaitici, Haggai. Another of the minor prophets, | Leipz.) The work contains full informaHabakkuk, has been anew translated and tion on the history of the discovery, on interpreted by J. Von Gumpach, (Der its contents and high age, a list of six Prophet Habakkuk, Munich,) whose name hundred passages of the New Testament we have occasionally met with as a con- which are of special critical interest, and, tributor to the “ Studien und Kritiken." | as specimens, twenty-six columns of the The translation has been made anew Old Testament and thirty-four of the from the Hebrew text, which, as the New, as also the works of Barnabas title-page announces, has been “thor and Hermas. A second and a third oughly revised and, for the first time, part contain reports, with specimens, restored to its original connection.” on other important discoveries made on A new commentary on Ecclesiastes

the same literary journey. (Commentar über das Predigerbuch Salo

2. Historical Theology. mo, Leipz.) has been issued by H. A.

Dr. Hase, the learned Church historian, Kalın, who likewise belongs to the

has recently published a second revised Lutheran school.

edition of his work on the “Empire of The Prophets and their Prophecies (Die the Anabaptists" at Münster in the sixPropheten und ihre Weissagungen, Gotha) | teenth century, (Das Reich der Wiederis the title of a new work by Professor täufer, Leipz.) The first edition of this Tholuck, which, like the former works treatise formed part of a volume, en. of this gifted divine, meets with a large titled New Prophets, and containing, becirculation.

| sides, treatises on Savonarola and on Jeanne d'Arc. Of a more comprehensive with special investigations on the Gnoswork on the Anabaptists of Munster, by tic systems (Geschichte der Kosmologie in Dr. Cornelius, a Roman Catholic writer, der Griechischen Kirche, Halle,) by Dr. which is recommended by the German Möller, Privatdocent of Theology at the journals as an able publication, the sec- | University of Halle; the third volume ond volume has appeared. (Geschichte of a History of French Calvinism, (Gesdes Münsterischen Aufruhrs. Zweiteschichte des Französ. Calvinismus, Gotha,) Buch., Leipzic.)

by Polenz, one of the most thorough The celebration of the so-called “Pas

works on the history of French Calvinsion Plays," which take place every

ism; the second and last volume of a tenth year at Oberammergan, in Bavaria,

History of Calixtus, (the celebrated Gerand theatrically represent the Passion

man theologian of the seventeenth cenof Christ, has called forth a work from

.tury,) and of his times, by Henke, Dr. Hase on the history of “the Ecclesi

| (Calixtus und Seine Zeit, Halle;) and the astical Plays," (Das Geistliche Schauspel,

third volume of the History of "Ulrich Leipz.,) of which the Passion Play of

von Hutten," containing a translation of Oberammergan is the last remnant.

his most memorable discourses with

commentary, by David Frederick Strauss, Professor Hagenbach, of Basel, has

the author of the “Life of Jesus." continued his popular "Lectures on Church History” by the publication of An important work on the History of Lectures on the Church History of the | the Koran, (Geschichte des Qoran, GotMiddle Ages." The first part contains tingen,) has been published by Nöldeke; the history from the death of Gregory | and the valuable recent literature of the Great to Innocent III., or from the Germany on the history of Buddhism seventh to the twelfth century. (Vorlesun has been enriched by the translation of gen über die Kirchengeschichte des Mittel- an excellent Russian work, by Professor alters, Leipzic.)

W. Wassiljew, on "Buddhism : Its DocAmong works on modern Church his

trines, History, and Literature," (Der

Buddhismus, seine Dogmen, etc., St. Petory are the fourth volume of Kampe's History of the Religious Movements of Mod

tersburgh.) The first volume contains

the “general survey." The author has ern Times, (Geschichte der Religiösen Be

made use of many sources of information wegungen, Leipz.,) the completest work on the attempts made by Ronge, Uhlich,

to which no other European writer has and many others, to organize in Ger

previously had access. many Rationalistic churches; a second

3. Dogmatic Theology. edition of Dr. Stahl's important work on the Lutheran Church and the Union, (Die A highly important contribution to the Lutherische Kirche und die Union, Berlin,) history of modern German theology has with an appendix which contains a re- been furnished by J. Bodemeyer's "Docview of the attacks to which the first trine of the Kenosis," (Lehre von der Kenedition has been exposed ; a memoir on osis, Goetting.) Kenosis is the technical the last days of " G. H. Von Schubert," term for a doctrine which has gained one of the noblest men and best Chris quite a number of adherents among the tians among the great scholars of Ger- | Lutheran theologians of Germany. ACmany, by Ranke; and a biography of cording to it the Logos, at his incarna Rev. Imm. T. Sander, a venerable pillar | tion, voluntarily divested himself of his of the Lutheran Church, and of orthodox divine self-consciousness in order to Christianity in its struggles with the develop himself in purely human form. neological and materialistic tendencies The doctrine has been in particular of the times, by Dr. Krummacher. (J. F. developed, though in different form, by Sander, Eine Prophetengestalt, Elberfeld.) Thomasius, Liebner, and Gess, and on To former periods of the Christian

account of the importance which is

attributed to it by a large number of Church refer a picture of " The Christian | the

theologians, well deserved to be made Church on the Threshold of the Irencanthes

the subject of a special, thorough work. Age," (Die Christlische Kirche an der Schwelle des iren. Zeitalters, Leipz.,) by | A comprehensive work on Man, the Dr. Graul, the president of the Lutheran | Image of God, his relation to Christ and Missionary Seminary at Leipzic; a His to the World, (Der Mensch das Ebenbild tory of the Cosmology of the Greek Church, | Gottes, Basel,) has been commenced by

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