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ancient world, and on the defense of the l of the Archbishop of Armagh, by E. H. Bible from critics of the same school. Todd, D.D.; The Churches of the East, Dr. Hessey followed, in 1860, with the by Rev. G. Williams, D.D., of whose relectures above mentioned. The Observer cent travels in the East we have spoken thinks we may thank Dr. Hessey "for a in our department of Foreign Religious clear historical account of the Sunday Intelligence. from the apostles' time to our own," and expresses its agreement with much that he says; but strongly dissents from some

GERMANY of his views, as smacking of neology.

An important contribution to the biblical On the history of the celebrated Jan- | literature of Germany is a new manual genist Convent of Port Royal, on which of “Introduction to the Holy Scripwe already have excellent works in tures,” by the late Professor Bleek, of German by Reuchlin, and in French by Bonn. (Einleitung in die heil. Schrift. St. Beuve, the first thorough English Berlin, 1860.) It was left nearly ready work has been recently published by for publication by the deceased author, Beard, Port Royal: a Contribution to and only the necessary references to the the History of Religion and Literature literature published since the death of in France, (London, 1861.)

Bleek (1859) had to be added by the edOn the atonement, which has been

itors, T. F. Bleek and A. Kamphausen.

The first volume contains the introduction for several years the subject of an ani

to the Old Testament; the second volmated theological discussion in England,

ume, the New Testament, is to be issued as neological views concerning it have

during the present year. The work is infound many advocates both in the Church of England, and among Dissent

troduced by a preface of the venerable

Dr. Nitzsch. The great reputation of "ers, a new extensive work has been

the distinguished author is a sufficient published by Robert S. Candlish, (The Atonement : its Reality, Completeness, and

guaranty that this new manual will Extent, pp. 400, London, 1861.) The

rank among the best of its kind. Christian Observer recommends two “The Life and the Doctrines of John small treatises, published on the subject Scotus Erigena in their Relation to the in 1860, by Wilson, (The True Doctrine Preceding and to Modern Philosophy of the Atonement Asserted and Vindicated.) | and Theology, (Leben und Lehre des Joh. and Bagot, (The Atonement: an Argu Scotus Erigena, Gotha, 1860,) is the title ment,) as containing more of the results of a new work, by Rev. Th. Christlieb, of patient thought upon this great doc the pastor of a German congregation trine than has been lately given within in England. The work is introduced 80 small a compass.

by a preface of Professor Landerer, of Of Alford's Greek Testament, vol. 4,

Tübingen, and is certainly a very sea

sonable one, for there is hardly ono part ii, is announced, which completes

among the prominent theologians of the the work.

middle ages whose doctrines offer a betAmong other new publications are ter field for new investigation and elucithe following: Maurice's Lectures on the dation, than Scotus Erigena. SimulApocalypse; Hugh Miller, The Headship of taneously with the above work, another Christ, and the Rights of the Christian has been published by Dr. Kaulich on People; Foulkes, A Synopsis of Hindu | the speculative system of Scotus Erigena, Systems and Sects; Palmer, Egyptian (Das Speculative System des J. Š. E. Chronicles, with a Harmony of Sacred Prague, 1860.) and Egyptian Chronology.

A collective work of great excellence Among the important works which was commenced a few years ago by a are announced as forthcoming, are a number of distinguished divines of the new and improved edition of Kitto's Reformed Church, among them are Cyclopedia of Biblical Literature, by W. Hagenbach, Baum, Schmidt, Sudhoff, Lindsay Alexander, D.D.; a History of and others,) under the title, “Lives and the Church of England, (from the death Writings of the Fathers and Founders of Elizabeth to the present time, in 3 of the Reformed Church." All the vol. vols.,) by Rev. J. J. Perry; The Latitu- umes hitherto published have met in the dinarians, by Rev. E. Churton, Arch- | theological world with great applause, deacon of Cleveland; Historical Memoirs l and are classed among the best works of religious biography. Among them | Dictionary, by Dr. Wiser, (Prediger Leite are the lives of Bucer, Bullinger, Myco- | icon,) vol. xvii, part ii, has been recently nius, and others. The last published vol. | published. ume contains the “Life and Select

It is an important fact, though not Writings of Calvin," by Stähelin. (Cali

Cal / generally known, that among the many vin's Leben und ausgewählte Schriften, journals of Germany devoted to scientific Elberf., 1860.)

theology, Rationalism has only a single It is undoubtedly a merit of the Ra- avowed representative, the Zeitschrift tionalistic Tübingen School to have given für wissenschaftliche Theologie, edited by a new impetus to the study of the apos. Professor Hilgenfeld, of Jena. All the tolic age. There is no section of history, others are under the control of men consacred or profane, which has been of nected with either the Evangelical or late explored in all its minutest details, Lutheran parties. The principal organs with greater zeal than the history of the of the former are: 1. The Studien und primitive Church. The literature on the Kritiken, a quarterly, edited by Dr. Ullsubject is almost innumerable and most mann and Dr. Rothe; 2. The Jahrbücher valuable, and has considerably increased für Deutsche Theologie, published by Dr. our knowledge of that period. Hitherto Liebner, Dr. Dorner, and others, also a nearly all the important works have quarterly ; 3. Zeitschrift für histor. Thebeen furnished by Protestant authors. ologie, quarterly, published by Dr. Nied. Recently Dr. Döllinger, well known as ner; 4. Repertorium für theologische Litone of the most learned and thorough eratur, a monthly, published by Reuter; historians the Roman Church has ever 5. Allgemeine Kirchliche Zeitschrift, by had, has published an able work on Dr. Schenkel, ten numbers a year; 6. Christianity and the Church at the time Deutsche Zeitschrift für Christliche Wisof their foundation. (Christenthum und senschaft, a weekly, by Dr. Hollenberg; Kirche, etc. Regensb., 1860.)

7. Theologisches Literaturblatt, a weekly. Among other Roman Catholic publica

The Lutherans have the following imtions in the department of Church his

portant literary organs: 1. Zeitschrift für tory, is a work by Werner on Suarez and

die gesammte Luther. Kirche, a quarterly,

edited by Dr. Rudelbach and Dr. Guericke, Scholasticism, (Suarez und die Scholastic, vol. i, Regensb., 1860,) and by Suing,

(Old Lutheran;) 2. Zeitschrift für Prot

estantismus und Kirche, a monthly, pubon the Doctrine of Original Sin, (Das

lished by the Professors of Theology at Dogma von der Erbsünde, Regensb., 1860.)

Erlangen, (High Lutheran ;) 3. TheThe recent exegetical literature com- ologische Zeitschrift, published by Dr. prises new volumes of the Bible Works | Kliefoth and Dr. Dieckhoff, also a of Bunsen and Lange; the second volume monthly, (High Lutheran.) There are of the Commentary of Delitzsch on the besides two journals of Lutheran Psalms, new editions of Tholuck's The theology in the German provinces of Old Testament in the New Testament, (Das Russia, a quarterly published by the Alte Testament im N. T., 5th ed., Gotha, Professors of Theology at Dorpat, and a 1860,) and The Prophets and their Proph. | bi-monthly published at Riga. ecies, (Die Propheten, etc., 2d ed., Gotha, 1860.) J. Volckmar, one of the few sur

FRANCE. viving representatives of the Tübingen Our religious intelligence department School, has commenced an introduction of this number refers to the acknowledgto the Apocrypha, (Einleitung in die ment of the progress of Protestant literaApocryphen, vol. i, part i, Tub., 1860.) ture on the part of the secular press. The recent Roman Catholic literature The number of new Protestant works, comprises a work on the Messianic as well as their circulation, is steadily prophecies in Isaiah, by J. K. Mayer, on the increase, and it is especially gratiand the fourth volume of Commentary fying to see that among the new pubto the Gospels, by Schegg.

lications there are not a few which are Among the new volumes of sermons

sure to be recognized as standard works, we mention those by Brückner, Profes.

and will remain of permanent value. sor at Leipsic, Dr. Liebner, of Dresden, Of the valuable History of the French and a second edition of those of Thomas Reformation, by Pastor Puaux, (Histoire ius, Professor at Erlangen. Of an de la Reformation Française,) vols. iii, iv. extensive (Roman Catholic) Homiletic have been published. A fifth volumo is to complete the work, which the author Scherer, Mélanges de critique religieuse. intends soon to bring out in an English (Paris, 1860.) translation also.


Of a French translation of the Church On the reformatory movements in the

History of Hase, the first volume has Church of Rome, before the Reformation

appeared. (Paris, 1860.) of the sixteenth century, France produced some years ago one of the best

Among the last published volumes works on the subiect namely Bonne. Or Abbe Migne's Patrologie Cursus chose, Reformers before the Reformation :

Completus, are the works of Johannes Huss, Gerson and the Council of Constance,

Damascenus, Johannes Scholasticus, This work has now reached its third edi.

Anastasius Sinaita, and others. tion. Another Protestant book on this

Abbé Bautain, who in point of talsubject, recently issued, is Peyrat, The

ents has not many equals among the Reformers of France and Italy in the

writers of the Roman Church, has pubTwelfth Century, (Les Reformateurs de la

lished a new extensive work on ConFrance, etc., Paris, 1860.)

science as the Rule of Human Actions.

(La Conscience, Paris, 1860.) Among other important Protestant publications are the following:

A new edition of the celebrated work Gaussen, Le Canon des Saintes écri of Hippolytus, which has now been for tures au double point de vue de la science some ten years, and still is, the subject et de la foi. (Lausanne, 1860, 2 vols.) of so brisk a controversy in theological An English translation of this work has literature, has been issued by Abbé already been announced.

Cruice, (Philosophæmena, etc., Paris, Vinet, Histoire de la Predication parmi 1860,) with an introduction which les reformes de France au avii siecle. reviews the progress of the contro(Paris, 1860.)

| versy up to 1860.



American Quarterly Reviews. SOUTHERN PRESBYTERIAN REVIEW, January, 1861.-1. National Sins: A

Fast Day Sermon. 2. Vital Force. 3. The Manner of Altering our Doctrinal Standards. 4. The Princeton Review and Presbyterianism. 5. Presbyterian Authorities on Theories of the Eldership. 6. The State

of the Country. PRESBYTERIAN QUARTERLY REVIEW, January, 1861.–1. Paganism a Demon Worship. 2. Laurentius Valla. 3. The Inward Light. 4. The Hebrew Language and Literature. 5. Evangelism of the Eighteenth

Century. NEW ENGLANDER, January, 1861.-1. China and the West. 2. The Mar

onites and the Druses. 3. Solar Phenomena. 4. The Design and Nature of Punishment under the Divine Government. 5. Does Science Tend to Materialism? 6. Latin Pronunciation. 7. Puritan History.


January, 1861.-1. Education for the Ministry. 2. Recent Anglican Philology. 3. Philosophic Import and Value of the First Chapter of Genesis in its Applications to Organic Nature. 4. Cleveland's TextBooks. 5. Philosophy of Representation. 6. Introduction of Children into the Church. 1. Apparitions of the Dead. 8. The Rev. Littleton Fowler.


MERCERSBURG REVIEW, January, 1861.-1. The Epistle to the Galatians

Translated and Explained. 2. The Marvelous in Modern Times. 3. English Versions of the Heidelberg Catechism. 4. Our Alumni As


Religion of Zoroaster, 2. Limitations of Human Nature as an Authority in Religious Doctrine. 3. A Preacher on Preaching. 4. Jephthah and his Daughter. 5. What shall we be ? 6. Rawlinson's Herodotus

The Ancient Empires. 7. God's Presence, Psalm lxxxix. BROWNSON'S QUARTERLY REVIEW, January, 1861.-1. Ward's Philosophic

Introduction. 2. Catholic Education in the United States. 3. Separation of Church and State. 4. Seminaries and Seminarians. 5. Harmony of Faith and Reason.

THEOLOGICAL AND LITERARY JOURNAL, January, 1861.–1. Mr. Gascoyne's

Theory of the Apocalypse. 2. Dr. Barth's Travels and Discoveries in Africa. 3. Reply to the Errors and Misrepresentations of J. R. Blake. 4. The Golden Image, Daniel üi. Nebuchadnezzar's Vision of the Tree, Daniel iv. 5. Designation and Exposition of the Figures in Isaiah,

chapters lxi, lxii, lxiii. UNITED PRESBYTERIAN QUARTERLY REVIEW, January, 1861.-1. Philo

sophical Theology. 2. Forbearance. 3. The Ruling Elder. 4. Tractarianism Traced to its Sources. 5. The Theology of Art. 6. The Settlement of the Reformed Churches in Western Pennsylvania. 7. Individual Effort. 8. The Second Assembly.


January, 1861.-1. Limits of Thought. 2. George S. Yerger. 3. Lord Macaulay and Bishop Burnet. 4. Spurgeon and his Sermons. 5. R. T. 8. Lowell's Poems. 6. Laymen's Rights—Layman's Letter to the Editor. 7. The Position of Romanism in America. American Ecclesiastical History: Early Journals of General Conventions.

EVANGELICAL REVIEW, January, 1861.-1. The Laborer, the Artisan, and

the Artist. 2. Chiliasm Critically Examined, etc. 3. The Ministerium. 4. Baccalaureate Address. 5. The Master's Call to His Church.

CHRISTIAN REVIEW, January, 1861.–1. Macaulay's Essays. 2. Infant

Baptism: its Origin traceable to the Doctrine of Baptismal Regeneration. 3. The Sensibilities. 4. The Inspiration of the Apostles. 5. Conant's Matthew. 6. Roman Orthoepy. 7. Study of International Law.

NORTH AMERICAN REVIEW, January, 1861.-1. Cotton and the Cotton

Trade. 2. Giuseppe Garibaldi. 3. The Temporal Power of the Church. 4. Sir William Hamilton's Metaphysics. 5. Charles Robert Leslie. 6. Illuminating Gas. 7. Trübner's Guide to American Literature. 8. Hallam as a Historian. 9. The Oxford Clergymen's Attack on Christianity. 10. Recent French Literature. 11. Hunting in the Himalaya. 12. Tischendorf's Discoveries in the East.

UNIVERSITY QUARTERLY, January 1861.-1. The Dangers of the Student.

2. Scottish Song Writing. 3. The Life of Feeling. 4. Cambridge University, England. 5. The Library of Columbia College. 6. Skepticism in American Colleges. 7. Observations on Greenland, No. IL


8. Philosophy of Common Sense. 9. Mrs. Stowe and her Critics. 10. The Use of Books. 11. Music in College. News Articles: Amherst College, Bowdoin College, Columbia College Law School, Hamilton College, Harvard University, Marietta College, Oberlin College, Troy University, Union College, University of the City of New York, University of Vermont, Williams College, Yale College, Beloit College, Kenyon

College, The University Quarterly Association. BIBLIOTHECA SACRA AND BIBLICAL REPOSITORY, January, 1861.-1. Theo

dore Parker. 2. The Theology of Sophocles. 3. The Philosophy of Sir William Hamilton, and its recent Theological Applications. 4. The Christian Law of Self-sacrifice. 5. Review of Palfrey's History of New


State of the Country. 2. Antiquity of the Book of Genesis. 3. The New Oxford School; or, Broad Church Liberalism. 4. The Fulfillment of Prophecy. 5. Liverpool Missionary Conference of 1860; or, Results of Missionary Experience. 6. The Alexandrine and Sinaitic Manu

scripts. The article on the State of the Country, attributed to the editor, Dr. Hodge, is remarkable not only for ability, but for an advance of an unexpected degree on the subject of American slavery. It is a cheering token that truth and freedom are invading the strongholds of pseudo-conservatism. Yet far ahead as the avowals are of Dr. Hodge's former utterances on the subject, the article is but a faint response to the voice of Christendom at the present crisis. But,quod faustum felixque sit—the world moves, and a few more of its revolutions may wheel even venerable Princeton into sympathy with the advancing feeling of the age.

AMERICAN THEOLOGICAL REVIEW, January, 1861.-1. Julian the Apostate.

2. The English Tongue a New Speech. 3. New England Theology: The Edwardean Period. 4. Isaac La Peyrere and his Book, the Preadamites. 5. Jourdain's Philosophy of Aquinas. 6. Olshausen on a New Probation after death. 7. Sir William Hamilton's Theory of Knowl

edge. 8. The Ante-Nicene Trinitarianism. The American Theological Review exhibits manifest signs not only of permanence, but prosperity. It appears in an enlarged and improved form. The article by the editor on Sir William Hamilton is marked by a very complete mastery of the subject, and takes a very discriminating measurement of that eminent man.

Somewhat curious is the exhumation of Isaac La Peyrere in the fourth article; a random thinker in theology, who blundered into some notions that modern research has rather verified. He was born at Bourdeaux in 1594; was educated as a Calvinistic Protestant; became a Romanist of no very earnest type, and died in 1676. He first advocated on Scripture grounds the doctrines that the deluge

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