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stitution of some interest to most minds. The object is to furnish a safe depository through all future time for family records. Blanks are furnished for every person who orders them, presenting the points to be supplied of a brief biography. Pedigrees may be recorded, and in process of time investigations will be instituted of family histories. Apart from the natural interest belonging to descent, the permanent existence of such an institution may be of great legal value in the settlement of titles to estates. The deposit will be made in the library of the Historical Society of the City of New York. The enterprise is sanctioned by a long array of the most eminent names of our country.

The following works our space does not allow us to notice in full:

First Greek Book. Comprising an outline of the Forms and Inflections of the Language. A complete Analytical Syntax and an Introductory Greck Reader, with Notes and Vocabularies by ALBERT HARKNESS, Ph. D. 16mo., pp. 276. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1861.

Reminiscences of Scottish Life and Character. By E. B. RAMSAY, M.A., LL.D., F.R.S.E. 12mo., pp. 297. Boston: Ticknor & Fields. 1861.

The Holy Bible, containing the Old and New Testaments. Translated and Arranged, with Notes, by LEICESTER AMBROSE SAWYER. Vol. II. The Later Prophets. 12mo., pp. 384. Boston: Walker, Wise, & Co.

Hymns of the Ages. Second Series. Being Selections from WITTIER, CRASHAW, SOUTHWELL, HABINGTON, and other sources. 12mo., pp. 336. Boston : Ticknor & Fields. 1861.

Christian Songs. Translations and other Poems by the Rev. JAMES GILBORNE Lyons, LL.D. 12mo., pp. 157. Philadelphia : Smith, English, & Co. 1861.

Selections from the Scriptures of the Old and New Testaments, for Families and Schools. By the Rev. David GREENE HASKINS. 12mo., pp. 436. Boston: E. P. Dutton & Co. 1861.

The Life of Faith Exemplified; or, Extracts from the Journal of HESTER ANN ROGERS. 18mo., pp. 276. New York: Carlton & Porter. 1861.

The Odyssey of Homer, with the Hymns, Epigrams, and Battle of the Frogs and Mice. Literally Translated, with Explanatory Notes, by ThomAS ALOIS BUCKLEY, B. A. of Christ Church. 12mo., pp. 432. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1861.

Handbook of Universal Literature. From the best and latest authorities. Designed for popular Reading and as a Text Book for Schools and Colleges. By Anna C. Lynch BorTA. 12mo., pp. 567. New York: Sheldon & Co.

The Housekeeper's Encyclopedia of Useful Information for the Housekeeper in all branches of Cooking and Domestic Economy. Containing the first Scientific and Reliable Rules for putting up all kinds of Hermetically Sealed Fruits, with or without Sugar, in Tin Cans or Common Bottles. Rules for Preserving Fruits in American and French styles. With Tried

Receipts for making Domestic Wines, Catsups, Syrups, Cordials, etc. And Practical Directions for the Cultivation of Vegetables, Fruits, and Flowers, Destruction of Insects, etc., etc. By Mrs. E. F. HASKELL. 12mo., pp. 445. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1861.

Tom Brown at Oxford. A Sequel to School Days at Rugby. By the Author of “ School Days at Rugby,” etc., etc. Part First. 12mo., pp. 360. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1860.

Faithful Forerer. By COVENTRY PATMORE, Author of “ The Angel in the House." 12mo., pp. 231. Boston: Ticknor & Fields. 1861.

One of Them. By CHARLES LEVER, Author of "Charles O'Malley," "Gerald Fitzgerald,” etc., etc. 8vo., pp. 187. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1861.

Kormak. An Icelandic Romance of the Tenth Century, in six cantos. 12mo., pp. 110. Boston: Walker, Wise, & Co. 1861.

Lake House. By FANNY JERRALD. Translated from the German by Nathaniel Greene, 12mo., pp. 304. Boston: Ticknor and Fields. 1861.

Struggle for Life. By the Author of “Seven Stormy Days," "The Queen of the Red Chessmen," etc., etc. Second thousand. 12mo., pp. 311. Boston: Walker, Wise, & Co. 1861.

The Dutch Dominie of the Catskills ; or, The Time of Bloody Brandt.” By Rev. David MURDOCH, D.D. 12mo., pp. 471. New York: Derby & Jackson. 1861.

Juvenile. Primary History of the United States. Made Easy and Interesting for Beginners. By GEORGE B. QUACKENBOS, A.M., Principal of the Collegiate School, N. Y. Author of “Illustrated History of the United States," etc., etc. Square 12mo., pp. 192. New York: D. Appleton & Co. 1860.

Our Year. A Child's Book in Prose and Verse. By the Author of “John Halifax, Gentleman." Illustrated by CLARENCE DOBELL. 16mo., pp. 297. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1860.

The Children's Bible Picture Book. Illustrated with 80 Engravings. 16mo., pp. 321. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1861.

American History. By JacOB ABBOTT. Illustrated with numerous Maps and Engravings. Vol. iii. The Southern Colonies. 16mo., pp. 286. New York: Sheldon & Co. Boston: Gould and Lincoln.

The Children's Picture Book of Birds. Illustrated with 61 Engravings. By W. HARVEY. Small 4to., pp. 276. New York: Harper & Brothers,

History of Genghis Khan. By JACOB ABBOTT. With Engravings. 18mo., pp. 335. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1860.

Bruin; The Grand Bear Hunt. By Capt. MAYNE REID. Author of “ The Boy Hunters,” “The Young Voyageurs,” “Odd People," etc., etc. 12mo., pp. 371. Boston: Ticknor & Fields. 1861.

The Children's Picture Book of Quadrupeds, and other Mammalia. Illustrated with 61 Engravings by W. HARVEY. Small 4to., pp. 276. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1861.


Stories of Rainbow and Luckey. By JACOB ABBOTT. Author of “ Up the River.” 16mo., pp. 192. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1861.

The Heroes of Europe. A Biographical Outline of European History, from A.D. 200 to 1700. By HENRY G. HEWLETT. 12mo., pp. 370. Boston: Ticknor & Fields. 1861.

The Children's Picture Fable Book. Containing 160 Fables, with 60 Illustrations. By HARRISON WEIR. Small 4to., pp. 278. New York: Harper & Brothers. 1861.

Pictures and Flowers for Child-Lovers. 24mo., pp. 211. Boston: Walker, Wise, & Co.

The Florence Stories. By JACOB ABBOTT. Excursion to the Orkney Islands 16mo., pp. 252. New York: Sheldon & Co. 1861.

My Holiday Gift. A book of Pretty Poems, Stories, and Sketches, for boys and girls, by various Authors. A gift for all seasons of the year. 13 Illustrations. Small 4to., pp. 218. New York: Carlton & Porter.

The following are late issues from the METHODIST Book Rooms, Carlton & Porter, New York:

May Coverley : the Story of God's Dealings with a poor Fatherless Girl. Five Illustrations. 18mo., pp. 262.

Andy O'Hara; or, The Child of Providence. Three Ilustrations. 18mo., pp. 198.

Parson Hubert's School ; or, Harry Kingsley's Trial. Three Illustrations. 18mo., pp. 252.

Abel Grey : the Story of a Singing Boy. Five Illustrations. 18mo., pp. 242.

Nellie Morris and her Cousin. A Story for Girls. Four Illustrations. 18mo., pp. 192.

A Waif from the River Side ; or, Stories, Sketches, Letters, and Poems. Selected from a Manuscript Newspaper. Three Illustrations. 18mo., pp. 172.

The Story of a Scripture Text; or, What Four Little Girls did with a Text about Pleasant Words. Three Illustrations. 18mo., pp. 202.

Notice of the following is postponed to the July number : Autobiography of Dr. Carlyle. Ticknor & Co. Evenings with the Doctrines. By Dr. N. Adams. Gould & Lincoln.

Human Destiny. A Critique on Universalism. By C. F. Hudson. James Munroe & Co.

Personal History of Lord Bacon. By Dixon. Ticknor & Co.

The Pulpit of the American Revolution; or, the Political Sermons of the Period of 1776, with a Historical Introduction, Notes, and Illustrations, By JOHN WINGATE THORNTON, A. M. 12mo., pp. 537. Boston: Gould & Lincoln. 1860.



JULY, 1861.



Of all the governments now existing in Europe, that of the pope is the most anomalous. Nearly every other state has introduced important modifications into its system within the past half century. The British Constitution, in which Parliament is said to be omnipotent, has evinced more than once the possession of that power of adaptation which has enabled it to weather the greatest storms of the past, and to brace itself for the encounter of still greater tempests, if need be, in the future. Nor have the despotisms of the old world remained unchanged. Russia has, of the free-will of her autocrat, provided for the abolition of the system of serfdom, which prevented her from entering into fair competition with her western neighbors in the arts of life. Austria, too, the most retrograde of powers, begins to discern the necessity of some concessions to the popular will, confessing, by a partial relaxation of her rigorous rule, that however adapted her institutions may have been to the past, they are not fully applicable to the exigencies of the times.

But the papal court claims infallibility; and this infallibility covers not merely symbols of faith and ecclesiastical forms, but extends equally to the administration of civil government within the dominions of the Church. Innovation has consequently come to be regarded as an acknowledgment of error, whether it pertain to matters of Church or State. In consistency with



this belief, we behold a singular retention of even the most antiquated forms. Not only do the officials that surround the pontiff remain such as they were ages ago, with powers and prerogatives defined with the utmost precision by inflexible tradition ; but their very costumes have in no wise altered, though the fashions of the world around them have been modified a hundred times.* Even the Swiss guards who take their station at the door of the Sistine Chapel, or at the entrance of the papal audience chamber, exhibit the same motley dress, whose invention a current tradition (it is to be hoped, for his credit, a false one) attributes to the great Michael Angelo, who died three hundred years before this age of rifled muskets and Armstrong guns.

A government so inflexible as that of the Papal States, it might have been supposed, could scarcely have subsisted for so long a period, unless it possessed remarkable excellences, and answered, to an unusual extent, the desires of its subjects. And such, in fact, is the claim advanced by the adherents and warm admirers of the popes. It is thus asserted by the Rev. John Miley, D. D., in his “ History of the Papal States :"

The sovereigns [the popes) who, in the face of so many disadvantages and obstacles, have succeeded in raising the States of Central Italy from the lowest abyss of ruin to a "condition of unexampled prosperity ;" to a condition in which “some evidence of improvement is to be met at every step ;” a condition in which “the people are well fed and prosperous," and in every way so well off as to draw from an English traveler who loves his country the wish that “ our peasantry at home were as well dressed, as well fed, or half as happy as they appear to be;" the sovereigns who have secured the common weal in such an eminent degree as this, and that, too, in the teeth of the unceasing and baleful resistance they had to contend against, (albeit, their diurnal habiliments are not cut in conformity with the latest bulletin of fashion either from London or from Paris, but rather resemble those worn by dictators and censors during the pristine ages of the Roman Republic,) even on the ground of superior capacity and efficiency, have nobly vindicated their right to that scepter which, placed in their hands by Providence, their dynasty has wielded to the incalculable

* The dress of the priesthood, which at first was precisely similar to that of the laity, began to differ from the latter in the sixth century, when the Roman toga yielded its place, in common life, to the shorter and more convenient sagum. The council that met at Macon in A.D. 583 by its fifth canon forbids the use of the sagum and of all worldly clothing to the clergy. (Kurtz, Handbuch der Kirchengeschichte, Vol. 1, sec. 263, pp. 354-6.)

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