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ment. For the present the Rationalists THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.seem to have completely carried their | Germany is beginning to furnish a large point in the grandduchy of Baden, where contingent to the number of Roman they claim all the lay representatives at Catholic writers who admit that the the General Synod, and one half of the abolition of the temporal power, whether clerical, as members of their party; and in itself right or wrong, has become an in the United Evangelical Church of the inevitable necessity. But it has taken Palatinate, where all congregations, ex-both Roman Catholics and Protestants cept about ten, have obtained permission by surprise that even Dr. Döllinger, the from the secular government to retain greatest Roman Catholic scholar now or to reintroduce the old Rationalistic living, has expressed himself in this way. hymn book. The party organs feel con In a public lecture he has taken the fident that by means of synods, one ground that the temporal power had not half of whose members will consist of only become an impossibility, but that chosen representatives of the laity, they | its abolition would redound to the greater will get control of the majority of the glory of the Church. The declaration German Churches.
made a deep sensation throughout the Among the peculiar institutions Catholic world, and the majority of the of the old Protestant Churches of ultramontane papers violently assailed it. Germany, which have been of late re- Somewhat intimidated by the great agivived, the parochial visitations have at- tation thus provoked, Dr. Döllinger has tracted more than common attention. since issued another declaration that At the time of the Reformation they he did not mean to justify the insurrecwere frequently held by Luther, Melanc- tion of the papal subjects and the anthon, Bugenhagen, and the other reform-nexation of papal territory to Sardinia; ers. For a long time they were entirely but he has never recanted his main discontinued, till the late king of Prussia position, that the abolition of the temcalled them again into existence. Such poral power would be a blessing for the & parochial visitation is held by a com- Church, and not as the bishops and most mittee composed of clerical and respect of the Roman Catholic papers have comable temporal members, the former being monly represented it, a great blow to her chosen by the Superior Ecclesiastical best interests. There the controversy Council, which also elect a member as a now rests. Dr, Döllinger has been as leader of the committee. The revival of violently assailed after his explanatory this arrangement has the warm approval declaration as before, and the papers aro of the High Church Lutheran and the still discussing the good or bad results Evangelical parties. Under the present of the downfall of the temporal power. king there arose at first a fear that it Three of the most influential Roman would he discontinued, but of late an. | Catholic papers of Germany have taken other parochial visitation has been held | side with Dr. Döllinger, by the Superintendent-General, Dr. The Diets of the German States conKoffmann, in Silesia. Wherever the tinue to protest against the large con. committee goes preaching is carried on, cessions which some of the Protestant (first the pastor of the community visited powers have been prevailed upon to preaches, then members of the com- make the pope, The Second Chamber mittee,) after which the youth are ex of Wurtemberg has declared its deteramined, also partly by their own teacher, mination to refuse its consent to the levy partly by a member of the committee. of taxes unless the government respects After the examination the pastor and the resolutions of the Legislature and teacher receive suggestions in private the will of the people respecting the nonfrom the committee upon points in execution of the concordat. In the which advice is needed.After this the | Duchy of Nassau the Second Chamber fathers of families belonging to the com- has also declared itself against a convenmunity, and the youth of both sexes, aretion which the duke had concluded with brought up and questioned. The visita- the Roman Catholic bishop of the countions are said to have hitherto been fol. try, and in which, likewise, undue conlowed in almost every instance by a cessions had been made to the Roman perceptible awakenino
e awakening to Christian life, | hierarchy. although frequently the oppone
FRANCE. the visitation had su
THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES. — The against it a powerfi, ceea
I great event of the past three months has
ucceeded in arousing
been a deep religious movement in Paris, | Protestants, which after having been similar, although on a smaller scale, to long confined to South Africa were last the revivals in the United States and ! year extended to China and Hayti, are Ireland. Two Englishmen, Mr. Rad- | likely now to find another important cliffe and Mr. Henry, held from April 18 field in Tahiti. The French protectorate to June 3 special meetings for preaching which was imposed on the island under and prayer, and although they under-Louis Philippe has not had the expected stood very little of French and their ad. effect—to gain the islanders for the dresses had to be interpreted, there was | Roman Catholic Church; but Protestan immense crowd of attendants, and antism, organized throughout the island more than three hundred conversions | under native evangelists, is still consid. have been reported.
ered the National Church, and the TahiThe Rationalistic party in the State tian Legislature, in consideration of the Churches have lost of late so much now existing political connection with ground in the Churches and societies of France, has expressed a wish that two Protestant France that it has been con- | Protestant French pastors may be sent sidered necessary to make another great to them, offering them at the same time effort to rally the scattered forces. They a suitable salary. have therefore formed a so-called "Liberal Protestant Union," which demands
ITALY. absolute freedom of preaching for every THE PROTESTANT CHURCHES. --The pulpit, and will, in particular, endeavor | Waldensian Seminary, whose transfer to secure the election of Rationalists into from the retired valleys of Piedmont to the Presbyteries. Their manifesto has Florence, the Italian Athens, raised in been felt by the evangelical portion of all parts of the Protestant world so great the Church as a call to renewed energy, expectations for the future of Italian and the result of the next election is | Protestantism, closed about the middle therefore awaited with unusual interest of July its first session at its new seat. as a test of the comparative strength of There were ten students on the roll, one the two parties.
of whom had returned to the valleys for The evangelical portion of the Reform-ordination, and another was in bad ed Church are becoming more and more health. All of the eight who presented unanimous in demanding from the French themselves for examination acquitted government the re-establishment of the themselves with great credit. Five EnGeneral Synod as the supreme board of glish ministers were present, who dethe Church. The question came up for clared themselves highly gratified with discussion at the late National Confer- the result. ences at Paris, a gathering of ministers By the appointment of Baron Ricasoli of the Reformed and the Lutheran State as Prime Minister of Italy, the ProtestChurches, and after a thorough debate ants have received an even more decided the unanimous vote of the assembly was advocate of their political and civil rights affirmative; of eighty-seven members than Cavour. He checks the intrigues only one, a leading Rationalist, abstain- of the Ultramontane party, who, unfored. A letter to the Minister of Public tunately, find still too many of the subWorship was voted paragraph by para altern officers willing to lend the aid of graph. A zealous layman, M. de Con- | the secular arm for the annoyance and inck; who has unceasingly by his pen oppression of Protestant congregations called attention to the necessity of re- | This continuance of toleration has enstoring the National Synod, has brought abled the Protestants to strengthen their out a new pamphlet on the subject, establishments in a number of the prinwhich is liberally distributed throughout cipal cities of the peninsula. In Leghorn the Churches. He takes the ground their place of worship, after the most that when once the National Synod is bitter and obstinate opposition on the formed and properly constituted it must part of the priests, was opened for pubclearly define the doctrinal basis of the lic service on June 19, and has since Church; and that if ever the views of then been crowded with attentive and the Rationalistic “Protestant Union," most respectable audiences without any referred to above, should be adopted by opposition. One of the most intelligent it, the orthodox should form themselves and devoted Waldensian ministers has into a free Church.
been detailed to the city of Milan, where The missionary labors of the French ( he is making efforts for the establishment of a Bible and tract depot. At sures into submission to the political Bologna, Professor Mazzarella has opened doctrines of the papal court, and in parhis lectures at the University amid much ticular into an abandonment of the applause. At Naples the prospects are nation's favorite idea, now at length so bright that it is now regarded as the realized, of an Italian union. The death most hopeful of all Italian stations. of Count Cavour bas greatly strengthenGavazzi has once more returned to En ed the patriotic and anti-papal sentigland to raise funds for the establishm ents of the Italians. Until his last ment of Protestant institutions at Naples. moment he has, without wavering, proAt Genoa a new periodical has been fessed the views to whose progress and started, which bids fair to be carried on final victory his whole life has been dewith no little literary power united to voted. At first the Roman Catholic sound evangelical views.
papers busily spread the rumor-as on So far as the protection of civil right similar occasions they have often done is concerned the Protestants have a before--that Count Cavour on his deathpowerful ally in the Mazzinian or Repub. bed fully reconciled himself with the lican party. The organs of this party Church; that he summoned a confessor plead unanimously the absolute liberty to him before the physicians had judged of religious belief, and though they may that his death was near; that he refeel little sympathy with the doctrines ceived the holy viaticum with great deof evangelical Protestantism they show votion; and that the Pope, greatly edi. no hostility to it. They, on the contrary, fied at this deathbed conversion, offered agree with it in extolling the sublimity public prayers for the eternal repose of of the Bible, and demanding the over- the illustrious opponent of the papal throw of the spiritual power of the claim. But as the reports of the eyepapacy no less than the secular. The witnesses and nearest relatives of Caeditor of the Gazetta del Popolo, the Maz- vour were published, the organs of ultrazinian paper at Turin, has written a montanism found it necessary to rectify dramatic piece, “I Valdesi," (The Wal- their first accounts, and the official densians,) altogether favorable to the Journal of Rome spoke once more of the Protestants, which, at Leghorn, has been career of the deceased statesman with selected for a theatrical representation, the same virulence with which it had and rapturously applauded by a crowd attacked him during his life. It is true ed house.
that a priest was present at the deathThe number of Protestant ministers in bed of Cavour; but it was one who fully Italy has been increased by new arrivals approved of his policy, and who therefrom England and America. The Wes fore after the death of Cavour was sumleyans of England have sent out Mr. | moned to Rome and visited with eccleGreen, who will first acquire the lan siastical censures. The indignation of guage, and afterward devote his life to the Italian people at the proceedings of missionary labor among the natives. It the Roman hierarchy has received new is expected that he will be followed by fuel by these events, and the latter canthree other missionaries from the same not fail to see that her influence on Italy Church. A Protestant exile, Signor is rapidly waning. The new Prime Bolognini, who after having fled from | Minister of Italy, Baron Ricasoli, advoAustrian tyranny has been employed for cates the introduction of religious libera while in the Protestant college at Mal | ty with even more ardor than Cavour; ta, and afterward as a newspaper editor and in what direction Garibaldi uses his at Alexandria in Egypt, has recently re | great influence on the Italian people may turned to his native country. From be best seen by the following resolution, America, Rev. Mr. Hall, formerly Amer submitted by him for the consideration ican chaplain at Rome, has been sent of the Unitary Italian Society of Palerout by the American and Foreign Chris mo, which had elected him president: tian Union, with a view of opening an “Considering that Christ, by consecratother service in English at Florence, ing upon earth equality among men and and of undertaking evangelistic work. nations, has deserved gratitude and love, THE ROMAN CATHOLIC CHURCH.
we belong to the religion of Christ; conThe vast majority of the Italian people sidering that the Pope, the cardinals, bravely and steadfasi wontinue to the sanfedists, all the mercenaries of deny to the Pope and Corarchy the Italy, and the spies assembled at Rome right of coercing them itual cen- | are the chief obstacles to the unification
by spiritual cen
of Italy by their provoking and foment- , taining from the Spanish government an ing civil war, we do not belong to the indemnification of £1,500 as a settlement religion of the Pope. In consequence of of the claims on account of their expulthe above considerations, Resolved, That sion from the Spanish island, Fernando the Pope, the cardinals, etc., shall shut Po, in 1858. up shop at once, and betake themselves
TURKEY to some country as far away as possible from Italy ; thus allowing this unfortu THE GREEK CHURCH. ——The progress nate Italian nation, which they have been | of the Bulgarian movement still awakens torturing for ages, to constitute itself great interest throughout the Christian definitively."
world. The excessive hopes of the of still greater significance is the Roman Catholics have been equally disspirit of independence which begins to | appointed. After having taken a Bulspread among the clergy of Italy. Not garian priest to Rome and having him withstanding the prohibition of the Pope consecrated by the Pope himself first and nearly all the bishops, a consider bishop of the United Bulgarias, Abbé able number of the lower clergy took Boré and the other heads of the Roman part this year in the great national festa Catholic missions at Constantinople exon the first Sunday in June, which, ac- pected the bulk of the nation to come cording to a law of the Italian Parlia- rapidly over to the union, especially bement, is annually to commemorate the cause the Greek patriarch continued to union of all races in Italy in one king. refuse the wish of the Bulgarians for the dom. The chapter of the cathedral of introduction of their native language Milan unanimously accepted the invita | into their churches and schools. But tion of the municipal authorities, and had | not only has the expected increase not High Mass with Te Deum and Ambro. taken place, but Monsignore Sokolski, sian hymn celebrated in the Duomo. the new bishop, has himself turned his SPAIN.
back on the new movement, and, after
excommunicating Boré, has left ConstanPROTESTANTISM.--Sir Robert Peel de- tinople for Russia and returned to the serves the thanks of the entire Protestant Greek Church. At the same time the world for his noble and indefatigable | journal Bulgaria, which was edited by endeavors to arouse in England sym one of the united Bulgarians, and had pathy with the persecuted and im worked hard for the cause of the union, prisoned Protestants of Spain. It ap bas been discontinued for want of subpears from trustworthy information that scribers and readers. If we may believe no less than thirty-four persons have the last accounts of the Roman Cathbeen subjected to imprisonment under olic papers, it is still hoped to save some no other charge than that of professing fragments of the united Church. One Protestant doctrines, and that twelve of | of their organs says: “The new Bulthem still remain in durance. For every garian community met immediately after one of these poor prisoners there are the defection of the bishop to protest thousands upon thousands of inquirers, against the treason of its pastor. It has and there is ample reason to believe that made a new act of adhesion to the Pope, toleration would be followed by the ad and has resolved on immediately asking hesion of large numbers to Protestant for another bishop.” The jubilant acism. At one of the meetings held in counts of the Roman Catholic press in England to express sympathy with the America and Europe have turned out to fate of the prisoners, Gavazzi pointed to be mere inventions. Italy in the time of the Madiai, England's / In the meanwhile the split between interference then, and Italy's altered the Bulgarian Churches and the paposition now, as an example of the triarch of Constantinople continues. course which should be followed with The Turkish government, for a time, regard to Spain. Ho called on England seemed to yield to the representations to rise to her position, and bore strong made by and in favor of the Bulgarians. testimony to the effect of her moral sup- A national assembly was ordered to be port on the nations of Europe. It is not held in Constantinople to consider and known whether and how far the English, make known the wishes of the people. ministry have thought it fit to intercede But, unfortunately, Greek gold and inin behalf of the Spanish Protestants. trigue again turned the scale. The conThey have succeeded, however, in ob- I vention was threatened with punishment and frightened into resignation. In one, accounts from their churches say that day the whole body of them resigned, every month's delay makes them more leaving the bishops and the people to prepared to adopt the simple forms of fight their own battles. The Turkish Protestantism. The head teacher of government were prevailed upon to ex. the Bulgarian school in Philippopolis ecute the sentence of exile pronounced | has commenced a preaching service in by him against the Bulgarian bishops. his school-house on the Sabbath. The Archbishop of Philippopolis was While the Bulgarian movement seemed seized in his house by night by a com yet to favor the sanguine expectations pary of Turkish soldiers. Some time of the Roman Catholics, their organs later the two Bulgarian bishops of Con- announced the beginning of a similar stantinople had to go into exile to Asia movement in the Herzegovina, which, as Minor, where they were treated, how they represented, was likely to result ever, by the Turkish authorities with | in the union of the entire Greek Church great respect. Notwithstanding this of that province with Rome. Since the forcible measure, the people generally explosion of the Bulgarian Union scheme remain firm in their desire and demand no further accounts have been refor ecclesiastical independence of the i ceived from its offshoot in the HerzePatriarch of Constantinople, and the last 'govina.
ART. IX.-FOREIGN LITERARY INTELLIGENCE.
| have appeared: History of the DevelopM'Millan has issued a Commentary on ment of the Doctrine of the Person of the Book of Genesis, for the use of the
opsis for the use of the Christ. By Dr. J. A. Dorner, Professor readers of the English version, by Henry of Theology in the University of GottinCharles Groves. This work is intended
vad This work is intended I gen. Vol. 1, pp. 460. Translated by Rev. as an antidote to the scepticism so in- | Dr. W. Simon. Theological and Homiletdustriously propogated at the present ical Commentary on the Gospel of Matday in regard to the Mosaic authorship, thew, specially designed for the use of the unity, the historical truth and the Ministers and Students. From the Gerdivine authority of the first of the Old man of J. P. Lange, Professor of DivinTestament books. It is pronounced by ity in the University of Bonn, By Rev. the Journal of Sacred Literature “one Alfred Eldersheim, Ph. D. Vol. 1, pp. of the best expositions of Genesis in our
466. language, if not the very best.”
The Works of Thomas Goodwin, some The first volume of Lives of the Arch-time president of Magdalen College, vol. bishops of Canterbury, by Dr. Walter 1, is the first instalment of the enterFarquhar Hook, extending through the prise for publishing “ Nicholls's Series of Anglo-Saxon period, is published by Standard Divines, Puritan Period." The Bentley. It unfolds details of remarkable. 1 terms of these publications are thus interest, showing that the historical re
stated: “Six volumes demy 8vo., bound mains of the "dark ages" prove the ex
in the most durable manner, and in a istence in early ages of intelligence,
style which will obviate the necessity learning, and refinement.
of rebinding, shall be supplied for 21s. The professor of Modern History in per annum. The volumes will average King's College, London, Charles H. Pear- from 500 to 600 pages each, according son, M. A., has published The Early and to the number of subscribers obtained. Middle Ages of England. He has, as heThe demand for the series will thus desays, "condensed the history of twelve termine the minimum or maximum size hundred years in a single volume, with of the volumes. The different works a view to the large class who want time will be distinguished by variety in the and inclination to peruse English His ¡ color of cover, or style of ornamentation, tory as an exclusive study."
to avoid the unpleasing effect of a large Two new and valuable additions to number of volumes in the library bound “Clarke's Foreign Theological Library" | in one uniform pattern."