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30. GLIMPSES OF SCIENCE :

The Three Lives of Insects

T. W. Harris

156

31. THE BUILDERS

Longfellow

161

32. A TRAGEDY OF THE SEA .

Hugo

33. NEW ENGLAND WEATHER

Mark Twain

166

34. A PICTURE AND A HOPE .

Whittier

170

35. A BRILLIANT GEOGRAPHICAL CONTRAST. Ruskin

173

36. THE PROFESSOR IN SHAFTS

Kellogg

. 176

37. DEATHBED OF WASHINGTON

Irving

181

38. GLIMPSES OF SCIENCE:

Marvels of Ancient Life

Arthur Nicol

186

39. THE PLANTING OF THE APPLE TREE Bryant

191

40. BELSHAZZAR'S FEAST

Old Testament

195

41. VISION OF BELSHAZZAR

Byron

42. THE WISDOM OF SOLOMON

Old Testament

203

43. THE BLUE AND THE GRAY

Finch.

206

44. AN ECONOMICAL PROJECT

Franklin

45. GLIMPSES OF SCIENCE:

Sunbeams and their Work

Buckley

214

46. THE RIVER PATH.

Whittier

218

47. THE COUNTRY SCHOOL .

Lowel.

220

48. ABRAM AND ZIMRI

.. Glarenee Cook

223

49. GOING UP IN A BALLOON

& Household Words" . 227

50. MR. WINKLE ON SKATES

Dickens.

51. PROGRESS .

The Quiver"

238

52. GLIMPSES OF SCIENCE:

The Gulf Stream

240

53. PASSING AWAY.

Pierpont.

244

54. A Dutch GOVERNOR. (Part I.) Irving

247

55. A Dutch GOVERNOR. (Part II.)

251

56. CONTENTMENT

Holmes

255

57. THE STAGECOACH

Dickens

258

58. THE STRANGER ON THE SILL

T. B. Read

263

59. GLIMPSES OF SCIENCE :

My First Geological Excursion Geikie

265

60. THE ROUND OF LIFE

Chambers's Journal270

61. THE FOOTBALL MATCH

H. C. Adams

272

62. THE MEAN SIDE OF NAPOLEON'S CHAR-

ACTER

Emerson.

278

63. GOLDEN THOUGHTS

281

64. GLIMPSES OF SCIENCE:

The Winds.

Kingsley.

283

65. THE BELLS OF SHANDON

Mahony

288

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INTRODUCTION.

I.-OUTLINES OF ELOCUTION.

Elocution (from Latin e,“ out,” and loqui, locutus, “ to speak”) is the art of uttering sentences, either in speaking or reading, with all the agreeableness, feeling, force, and effect of which their meaning is susceptible.

Good reading depends on the proper use of the following

ELEMENTS OF VOCAL EXPRESSION. I. FORCE AND STRESS. IV. INFLECTIONS, or SLIDES. II. TIME.

V. QUALITY III. PITCH.

VI. EMPHASIS (union of ele

ments). Good reading presupposes also correct PRONUNCIATION; in which term are included articulation, syllabication, and accent. Articulation has been copiously treated in the previous numbers of this series. Syllabication and accent are best learned by reference to the dictionary.

I. FORCE AND STRESS. Force of voice is the degree of loudness or softness used in vocal utterance. The three principal degrees of force are : 1. Medium; 2. Soft; 3. Loud.

I. By another mode of naming, the degrees of force are classed as : 1. effusive (as in ordinary conversation); 2. expulsive (with considerable effort); and, 3. explosive (with great effort).

II. The varying degree of force may be more minutely denoted by borrowing from the language of music. In the following table the ordinary and the technical names of the degrees of force are set forth in connection with the thoughts and sentiments to the expression of which these degrees of force are applicable.

Pupils will understand that the Italian names used mean, respectively: piano, soft; pianissimo, very soft; mezzo forte, moderate (literally, middling loud); forte, loud; fortissimo, very loud.

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Rule. - In the application of force, we must first decide, by an inspection of the general character of the piece, what is the normal degree of force to be used. Applying this degree to words that are not emphatic,

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