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alternating amount amperes armature arranged battery becomes bells branches brushes called cause circuit closed coil commutator complete conductor connected constant continuous core described difference difference of potential direction directly divided driving dynamo effect efficiency electric energy equal example external circuit feet field flowing give given greater half heat hence inches increase indicated induction input insulation iron lamps light lines of force load loss machine magnetic magnetic field maximum means mechanical method mines motor move necessary neutral obtained ohms operated opposite output parallel pass placed pole position produced pumps represented resistance ring rotated seen segments separate shaft shifted shown shown in Fig shows shunt side speed strength supplied switch tends terminals tion torque turns usually varying volts watts winding wire wound
Página 16 - As a unit of current, the international ampere, which is onetenth of the unit of current of the cgs system of electromagnetic units, and which is represented sufficiently well for practical use by the unvarying current which, when passed through a solution of nitrate of silver in water, and in accordance with accompanying specifications, deposits silver at the rate of 0.001118 of a gramme per second.
Página 9 - In the actual machine, each pair of coils, as it passes through the position of least action (ie, when its plane is at right angles to the direction of the lines of force in the field, and when the number of lines of force passing through it is a maximum, and the rate of change of these lines of force a minimum) is cut out of connection.
Página 5 - ... field in the direction of the lines of force ; but if the effect is to increase the number of lines of force that pass through the coil, the current will circulate around in the opposite direction. For example, in the diagram, Fig. 3, when the coil is inserted into the magnetic field, thereby increasing the number of lines of force which pass through the coil, the current circulates from b around the coil to a, and thence through the galvanometer to b again; when the coil is withdrawn and the...
Página 2 - From these experiments are derived the following laws: When two dissimilar substances are placed in contact, one of them always assumes the positive and the other the negative condition, although the amount may sometimes be so small as to render its detection very diff>cult.
Página 14 - Hydromechanics and Pumping. The advantages of inside and outside packing, of directacting and fly-wheel pumps, and other facts regarding pumping machinery are there thoroughly treated. For the present we have to deal with electric pumps only; but it may not be amiss to state under what conditions the electric system is superior to the other systems. If there is but a limited amount of pumping to be done, it is not advisable to install any very expensive plant, as the interest on the cost might exceed...
Página 32 - ... the strength of the field, (2) the number of conductors, (3) their mean distance from the axis of the armature, and (4) the amperes in each conductor. In any given machine, the second and third conditions are constant, so that the torque depends on the strength of the field and the current. If the armature is stationary, the EMF required to send the current through the winding is only that necessary to overcome the drop, which is due to the resistance of the winding. If the torque exerted by...