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added affected algebraic apply approximating arranged becomes binomial called cent changed co-efficient consequently consider contain continued contrary corresponding cube root decimal deduce denominator denote determine difference divide dividend division entire equal equation evidently example exponent expression extract factors figures formula fourth fraction given equation gives greater greatest common divisor hence indicated inequality involving known least less letters limit logarithm manner means method multiplied negative number of terms obtain operation performed polynomial positive roots preceding principle problem progression proposed quotient Reduce reference remainder represent respect result rule satisfy second degree second member second term similar square root substituted subtract suppose taken tens term third tion transformed true units unknown quantity variations whence write
Página 99 - A person has two horses, and a saddle worth £50 ; now, if the saddle be put on the back of the first horse, it will make his value double that of the second ; but if it be put on the back of the second, it will make his value triple that of the first ; what is the value of each horse ? Ans.
Página 364 - VARIATIONS of signs, nor the number of negative roots greater than the number of PERMANENCES. Consequence. 328. When the roots of an equation are all real, the number of positive roots is equal to the number of variations, and the number of negative roots to , the number of permanences.
Página 118 - X 6 62 + 3 x 3; and taken 3 tens times, 32 + 2 (3 X 6) + 6s gives 3 x 6 + 32 ; and their sum is, 33 + 2 (3 x 6) + 63 : that is, Rule. — The square of a number is equal to the square of the tens, plus twice the product of the tens by the units, plus the square of the units.
Página 174 - Find the value of one of the unknown quantities, in terms of the other and known quantities...
Página 39 - That is, the square of the sum of two quantities is equal to the square of the first, plus twice the product of the first by the second, plus the square of the second.
Página 200 - Subtract the cube of this number from the first period, and to the remainder bring down the first figure of the next period for a, dividend.
Página 242 - Four quantities are in proportion when the ratio of the first to the second is equal to the ratio of the third to the fourth.
Página 215 - Resolve the quantity under the radical sign into two factors, one of which is the highest perfect power of the same degree as the radical. Extract the required root of this factor, and prefix the result to the indicated root of the other.
Página 41 - Divide the coefficient of the dividend by the coefficient of the divisor.
Página 10 - Logic is a portion of the art of thinking; language is evidently, and by the admission of all philosophers, one of the principal instruments or helps of thought; and any imperfection in the instrument or in the mode of employing it is confessedly liable, still more than in almost any other art, to confuse and impede the process and destroy all ground of confidence in the result.