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Of the thirty-one sail of the line found within the harbour of Toulon, the following is the abridged and authentic summary, viz.
31 The scene of the embarkation of the troops was in the extreme degree calamitous and afflicting. The greatest part of the inhahitants who had not been so decided and active in their support of the Allies, and who therefore foresaw that they must be left behind, abandoned themselves to the influence of complete despair. They descended in immense numbers to the sea-side. The aged and the infirm, men, women, and children, threw themselves upon the shore in the greatest agony, and intreated protection in the most pathetic terms; the British fleet, however, could contain no more persons, and their entreaties therefore could not be complied with. The unfurling of thie sails and the weighing of the anchors, added to the distress and despair of the unhappy spectators, and induced several to plunge into the sea, and to attempt to swim to the ships. Others committed .suicide on shore; the remainder returned to the city, when a battle ensued, in which many fell on both sides.
The number of the Royalists at Toulon were estimated at 30,000. This number could scarcely be crouded by any effort on board the vessels which were in that liar, bour. The feelings for the fate of those who were left behind, must surpass, in their intrinsic horror, every scene which the boldest imagination has ever ventured to delineate !
16th. This day, James Lyons, for forgery, for the sum of sixteen thousand pounds, was brought to the bar of the Old-Bailey for trial, when he pleaded GUILTY. His sentence was left for the opinion of the Twelve Judges.
2 ist. This day his Majesty came to the House of Peers, and being in his RoyalRobes, seated on the Throne with the usual solemnity, Sir Francis Molyneux, Gentleman Usher of the Black Rod, was sent with a Message from his Majesty to the House of Commons commanding their attendance in the House of Peers. The Commons being come thithcr accordingly, his Majesty was pleased to make the following most gracious Speech :
“ My Lords and Gentlemen, “ The circumstances under which you are now assembled requires your most se. rious attention.
« We are engaged in contest, on the issue of which depend the maintenance of our Constitution, Law, and Relig on, and the security of all Civil Soci.ty.
“ You must have observed, with satisfaction, the advantages which have been oh. tained by the arms of the Allied powers, and the change which hasftaken place in the general situation of Europe, since the commencement of the war. The United Provinces have been protected from invasion. The Austrian Netherlands have been recovered and maintained; and places of considerabic importance have been acquired on the Frontier of France. The re-capture of Mentz, and the subsequent successes of the Allied' armies of the Rhine, have, notwithstanding the advantages recently obtained by the enemy in that quarter, proved highly beneficial to the common cause. Powerful efforts have been made by my Allies in the South of Europe. The temporary possession of the Town and Port of Toulon has greatly distressed the operations of my enemies ; and in the circumstances attending the evacuation of that place, an important and decisive blow, has been given to their naval power, by the distinguished conduct, abilities, and spirit of my commanders, officers, and forces, both by. sea and land.
“ The French have been driven from their possessions and fishery at Newfoundland; and important and valuable acquisitions have been made both in the East and West Indies.
“ At sea our superiority has been indisputed, and our commerce so effectually protected, that the losses sustained have been inconsiderable in proportion to its extent, and to the captures made on the contracted trade of the enemy.
“ The circumstances by which the further progress of the Allies has been hitherto impeded, rot only proves the necessity of vigour and perseverance on our part, but at the same time confirm ultimate success. Our enemies have derived the mans of temporary exertion, from a system which has enabled them to dispose arbitrarily of the lives and properties of a numerous pecple, and which openly violates every re. straint of justice, humanity, and religion. But these efforts, productive as they necessarily have been of internal discontent and confusion in France, have also tended rapidly to exhaust the national and real strength of that country.
“ Although I carnot but regret the necessary continuance of the wat, I should ill consult the essential interests of my people, if I were desirous of peace on any grounds, but such as may provide for their permanent safety, and for the independence and security of Europe. The attainment of these ends is still obstructed by the prevalence in France, equally incompatible with the happiness of that country, and with the tranquillity of all other nations.
“ Under this impression, I thought proper to make a declaration of the views and principles by which I am guided. I have ordered a copy of this declaration to be laid' before you, together with copies of several Conventions and Treaties with different powers, by which you will perceive how large a part of Europe is united in a cause of such general concern.
“ I reflect with unspeakable satisfaction, on the steady loyalty and firm attachment to the established Constitution and Government, which, notwithstanding the continued efforts to misiead and to secuce, have been so generally prevalent among all ranks of my people. These sentiments have been eminently manifested in the real and alacrity of the Militia to provide for our internal defence ; and in the distinguishing bravery and spirit displayed on every occasion by my furces both by sea and land: They have maintained the lustre of the British name, and have shewn themselves worthy of the blessings which is the cbject of all our exertions to preserve.”
“ Gentlemen of tbe House of Commons, “ I have ordered the necessary esiimates and accounts to be laid before you ; and I am persuaded, you will be ready to make such provision as the exigencies of the time may require. I teel too sensibly the repeated prvots which I have received of the affection of my subjects not to lament the necessity of any additional burthens. It is, how. ever, a great consolation to me, to observe the state of the revenue, and the compleat success of the measure which was last year adopted for removing the embarrassmenes affecting commercial credit.
“ Great as must be the extent of our exertions, I trust you will be enabled to provide for them in a such a manner, as to avoid any pressure which could be severely felt by my people.”
“ My Lords and Gentlemen, " In all your deliberations you will undoubtedly bear in mind the true grounds and origin of the war.
“An attack was made upon us and our allies, founded on principles which tend to destroy all property, to subvert the laws and relnion of every civilized nation, and to introduce universally that wild and destructive system of rapine, anarchy, and impiety, the effects of which, as they have already been manifested in France, furnish a dreadful but useful lesson to the present age, and to posterity,
“ It only remains tor us to persevere in our united exertions: Their discontinua ance or relaxation could hardly procure even a short intervai of delusive repose, and could never terminate in security or peace. Impressed with the necessity of defending all that is most dear to us, and relying as we may with confidence, on the continued valour and resources of the nation, on the continued efforts of Europe, and, atove all, on the incontestable justice of our cause, let us render our conduct a contrast to that of our eremies, and, by cultivating and practising the principles of humanity and the duties of religion, indeavour to merit the continuance of the civine favour and protection, which have been so eminently expericuced by these kingdoms."
CONSPIRACY against the government of Sweden has lately been discovered. In
sons who are suspected of being implicated in the treason. The plan of the conspirators was to change the form of government, and to re-establish the Popular Constitution, which existed at the accession of the late King. The conspiracy was discovered by the opening of a letter directed to an ambassador in Italy,
The King of Denmark has opened the royal library of 200,000 volumes at Copenhagen for public utility. The people who are admitted have also the privilege of taking books home to their houses upon certain conditions.
A Bill is to be brought into the House of Commons of Ireland next Sessions, to make the salary of the Roman Catholic Clergy of that country legal. We understand the sum is to be fixed at fifty pounds per annum.
The Roman Catholics of Ireland have appointed Hickey to execute their statue of his Majesty, for which they have voted 20col, and that artist is now in Dublin-for the purpose of receiving the orders of their Committee, in consequence.
litre Pope has sent a Bull to the Roman Catholics of Ireland, signed by himself and the whole Conclave, wherein he excommunicates every member of that persuasion, who fails in his loyalty and attachment to the House of Hanover.
A plan is set on foot in Bath, in order to prevent as much as possible unnecessary bankruptcies, and by timely and friendly interference to rescue such persons as are only distressed through the pressure of the times from impending ruin. FOREIGN MONIES IN BRITISH VALUE. s. d.
s. d. A Crusade (Portugal
3 A Pagoda (Asia) 8 A Dollar (Spanish) 4 A Piastre (Arab
A Piastre (Spanish) 3 7
A Pistole, dicto
A Rial, ditto
A Rix Dollar (German) 3. 6
A Silver Rupee (Asia) 2
AGRICULTURE, &c. Thirty tons of turnips were this year grown by Mr. Ellman, of Glynd, near Lewes, Sussex, on one acre of land. The field in which the above curnips grew is about 34 acres in extent, nearly 30 of which produced an average of 2.7 tons per acre; on the other four acres, the seed failed to come up. A Gentleman in Essex lately received a silver medal from the Society of Arts, for a produce of 26 tons on one acre.
On the 14th instant, a Gentleman at Lympstone received fro.m Norfolk a present of a turnip, which contained a hare weighing sib. 50z. a pair of full grown rabbits, all with their skins on; and a brace of partridges in their feathers. The turnip, when taken out of the ground and washed, weighed 2 5lb. and measured 3.feet 7 inches in circumference. It is now the possession of the parish clerk at Lympstone.
LANCASHIRE METHOD OF DRESSING POTATOES. As soon as they are completely boiled in water, they put them over the fire in a dry earthen pot, whịch, as it gets heated, extracts all their watery particles.
PUTRID FEVER, Mr. Cartwright, of Doncaster, recovered three patients, who were in extreme danger, from a very had putrid fever, by only giving them common yeast. The quantity was two table spoonfuls, taken about three times, at the interval of three or four hours. Their recovery was incredibly rapid; they instantly felt themselves greatly refreshed, and in a few hours they found their strength returning.
Hon. Lord Romney to be president, and admiral Ameck, vice-president, of the Marine Society. The dignity of a baron of the kingdom of Ireland to Francis Bernard, of Castle Bernard, in the county of Cork, esq. and to the heirs-male of his body lawfully begotten, by the name, style, and title of baron Bandon, of Bandon Bridge, in the county of Cork. The Hon. and Rev. Will. Stuart, D. D. and prebendary of Windsor, to be bishop of St. David's, vice Dr, Horsley, translated. Colonels Will, Gardiner, Henry Johnson, Hon. H, E. Fox, J. Watson, Tad. Watson, Lowther Penn, Pat. Bellew, Philip Goldsworthy, Duncan Drummond, John Phipps, William Spry, Charles Eustace, F. E. Gwyn, Robert Morse, Francis Lord Heathfield, Thos, S. Stanwix, and Sir James Murray, bart. to be major-generals in the army. Litutenant-Colonels, John Lord Newark, Hon. Francis Needham, Charles Gordon, Henry Pigot, Hon. Col, Lindsay, and William Dansey, to be aid-du-camps to his Majesty.
Dublin-Castle, Dec. 20. Letters patent have been passed under the Great Seal of Ireland, granting the following dignities, viz. ---Viscount Mountgarret, to be earl of Kilkenny. Viscount Valentia, earl of Mountmorris. Viscount Desart, earl of Desart. Viscount Clonmell, earl of Clonmell. Viscountess Dow. Wicklow, coun. tess of Wicklow, and her heirs-inale by Ralph, late Viscount Wicklow, carl of Wicklow. Lord Castlestewart, viscount Castlestewart. Lord Leitrim, viscount Leitrim. Lord Landatf, viscount Landaff. Lord de Montalt, viscount Harwardin. Lord Fitzgibbon, viscount Fitzgibbon. Tankerville Chamberlain, esq. justice of the Irish Court of Common Pleas. The Right Hon. Richard, earl of Shannon, Sir John Par. nell, bart. John Beresford, Sir Henry Cavendish, bart. William Conyngham, and Rob. Hobart, commonly called Lord Hobart, are appointed his Majesty's commissioners for executing the office of Treasurer of his Majesty's Exchequer of Ireland.
The Right Hon. Henry Theophilus Clements is appointed Receiver-General and Pay-master-general of all revenues in Ireland. The Hon. John Loftus, Teller Cashier of his Majes. ty's Exchequer in Ireland. Tho. Burgh, esq. Secretary to his Majesty's Commissioners of Treasury in Ireland. Silvester Douglas, esq. barrister at law, Secretary to the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland.
MARRIAGES. Sir John Ord, tó Miss. Frere, daughter of John Frere, esq. of Stratford-plaza. Henry Wolseley, esq. son of Sir W. Wolseley, bart. to Miss Halliday, daughter of Sir John Delap and Lady Jane Halliday. In Dublin, Lord Mountjoy, tą Miss Wallace, W. Sotheron, esq. M. P. for Pontefract, to Miss S. S. Barker, younger daughter of the late Edmund Barker, esq. of Potter Newton. G. B. Roupell, esq. barrister ac law, to Miss F. B. M'Culloch, of Charlton, Kent. W. Scrope, of Castlecombe, · Wilts, esq. to Miss Long, daughter and soic heiress of the late Charles Long, esc R. Cornwell, esq. of Clapham, to Miss Gardiner, daughter of Ad:niral Gardner. The Rev. Thomas Barnard, M. A. vicar of Amweli, Herts, to Miss E. Martin, second daughter of Sir Mordaunt Martin, bart. George Garnier, of Wickham, to Lady Betty Delmé. Ralph Carr, esq. of Lower Charlotte-street, Bedford-square, to Miss Gregg, daughter of Francis Gregg, esq. of Dowgate-bill. Captain Richard Colnett, of the King George East-indiaman, to Miss Maclauran, of Greenwich. john Thonias Batt, esq. of New Hall, near Salisbury, to Miss Susan Neave, daughter of James Neave, 89. of Nunton.
DEATHS. Dec. 15. At Maiden Bradley, Wilts, the Most Noble Webb, duke of Somerset, At Edinburgh, Mr. William Gordon, author of tne Universal Accountant. 19. Lady Elizabeth Finch, sister of the lates, and aunt of the present earl of Aylesford. 20. Ed. Cras, esq. Deputy Comptroller of the Navy. The Hon. Thomas Grey Egerton, only son of Lord Grey de Wilton. Lady Oughton, widow of the late Sir Adolphus Oughe
Thomas Sutton, esq. of the Cuscom-house. 21. At Chirist-church, Cambridge, Mr. Hugh Cook, student there, and son of the celebrated Navigator. 25. At Riddless worth, Dowager Lady Wake, relict of Sir William Wake, aged 80. 26. Browplow, Carà of Exeter.
Page The Ancient Constitutions of the Free and Accepted Masons
81 The Principles of Freemasonry Explained, by a Brother
89 Continuation of the Sufferings of
John Coustos, for Freemasonry 97 A View of the Progress of Naviga
tion. Essay V. On the Propriety of Making a Will Anecdotes of the late Hugh Kelly 107 Essay on Instinct The Origin of Literary Journals. By Mr. D. Israeli
113 Letter from the Princess Elizabeth, to
her Brother Edward the Sixth. An Original MS.
115 Letter from Queen Elizabeth to Mary Queen of Scots. MS.
116 Thoughts on Man
ib. On Jealousy On Youthful Courage and Resolution 119 Reflections on the Invasion of Eng
land by the French. By Dr. Tuc
ker, Dean of Gloucester A Table of the Distances between
Sea-Ports in France, and Sea-Ports
in Ireland and Great-Britain 126 Anecdotes of James Northcote, Esq. ib. Instances of Extraordinary Skill in a Blind Man at Carlisle
Page Curious Account of the Physicians of
130 Plan of Education. By Dr. Chapman, ib. Account of the Foundation of the
City of London, and London-Stone 133 Remarks on the Mutability of Fortune 134 London Characterized
136 Literary Intelligence
ib. Parliamentary Proceedings. House of Lords
137 House of Commons
140 Strictures on Public Amusements 246 Poetry; including a New Song for
the Royal Arch. By J. F. Stan-
To Friendship. By the same 150 Impromptu occasioned by seeing the
titles of two Dramatic Pieces ib. On Content. From an old MS. &c. &c. 155 Foreign and Domestic Intelligence 157 Promotions, Marriages, Deaths, &c. 160
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