« AnteriorContinuar »
the Alderman, "for 'tis like nobody but myself ?” 66 True," replied Sir William ; " but I can draw a tail to it, and then it will be an excellent monkey." Mr. Alderman to prevent being exposed, paid down the money demanded, and carried off the picture.
XIII.-The two Bees.-DoDSLEY's Fables.
quest of honey; the one wise and temperate, the other careless and extravagant. They soon arrived at a garden enriched with aromatic herbs, the most fragrant Howers, and the most delicious fruits They regaled themselves for a time on the various dainties that were spread before them; the one loading his thigh, at intervals, with provisions for the hive, against the distant winter; the other revelling in sweets, without regard to any thing but his present gratitication. At length they found a wide mouthed phial, that hung beneath the bough of a peach tree, filled with honey, ready tempered, and exposed to their taste, in the most alluring man
The thoughtless epicure, in spite of all his friend's remonstrances, plunged headlor into the vessel, resolr. ing to indulge himself in all the pleasures of sensnality. The philosopher, on the other hand, sipped a little with caution, but, being suspicious of danger, few off to fruits and flowers, where, hy the moderation of his meals, he improved his relish for the true enjoyment of them. In the evening, however, he called upon his friend, to inquire whether he would return to the hive ; but he found him surfeited in sweets, which he was as unable to leave as to enjoy.' ("logged in his wings, enfeebled in his feet, and and his whole frame together enervated, he was but just able to bid bis friend adieu, and to lament, with his latest breath, that, though a taste of pleasure might quicken the relich of life, an unrestrained indulgence is inevitable destruction.
XIV.Beauty and Deformity.--PERCIVAL'S T:LES.
YOUTH, who lived in the country, and who had
pot acquired, either by readirig or conversation, any knowledge of the animals which inhabit foreign regións, came to Manchester, to see an exhibition of wild
beasts. The size and figure of the Elephant struck him with awe; and he viewed the Rhinoceros with astonishment. But his attention was soon drawn from these animals, and directed to another, of the most elegant and beautiful form; and he stood contemplating with silent, admiration the glossy smoothness of his hair, the blackness and regularity of the streaks with which he was marked, the symmetry of his limbs, and above all, the placid sweetness of his countenance. What is the name of this lovely animal said he to the keeper, which you have placed near one of the ugliest beasts in your col. lection, as if you meant to contrast beauty with deformity? Beware, young man, replied the intelligent keeper, of being so easily captivated by external appearance. The animal which you admire is called a Tyger; and notwithstanding the meekness of his looks, he is fierce and savage beyond description : I can neither terrify him by correction, nor tame him by indulgence. But the other beast, which you despise, is in the highest degree docile, affectionate and useful. For the benefit of man, he traverses the sandy deserts of Arabia, where drink and pasture are seldom 10 be found ; and will continue six or seven days without sustenance, yet still patient of labor. His hair is manufactured into cloathing ; his flesh is deemed wholesome nourishment; and the milk of the female is much valued by the Arabs. The Gamel, therefore, for such is the name given to this animal, is more worthy of your admiration than the Tyger; notwithstanding the inelegance of his make, and the two bunches upon his back. For mere external beauty is of little estimation ; and deformity, when associated with amiable diepositions and useful qualities, does not preclude our respect and approbation. XV.- Remarkable instance of Friendship.
ART OF SPEAKING. AMON and Pythias, of the Pythagorean sect in
philosophy, lived in the time of Dyonisius, the lyrant of Sicily. Their mutual friendship was so strong, that they were ready to die for one another. One of the two (for it is not known which) being condenced 10 death by the tyrant, obtained itáve to go into his own
country, to settle bis affairs, on condition that the other should consent to be imprisoned in his stead, and put to death for him, if he did not return before the day of execution. Thefattention of every one, and especially of the tyrant himself, was excited to the bighest pitch, as every body was curious to see what would be the event of so strange an affair. When the time was almost elapsed, and he who was gone did not appear; the rashness of the other, whose sanguine friendship had put him upon running so seemingly desperate a hazard, was univer: Bally blamed. But he still declared, that he had not the least shadow of doubt in his mind, of his friend's fidelity. The event showed how well be knew him. He came in due time, and surrendered himself to that fate, which he had no reason to think he should escape ; and which he did not desire to escape, by leaving his friend to suffer in his place. Such fidelity softened even the savage heart of Dyonisius himself. He pardoned the condemned; be gave the two friends to one another, and begged that they would take himself in for a third.
XVI.--Dyonisius and Damocles.-IB. YONISIUS, the tyrant of Sicily, showed how far he
was from being happy, even whilst he abounded in riches, and all the pleasures which riches can procure. Damocles, one of his flatterers, was complimenting him upon his power, his treasures, and the magnificence of his royal state, and affirming, that no monarch ever was greater or happier than he.“ Have you a mind, Damoeles," says the king, "to taste this happiness and know by experience what my enjoyments are, of which you have so high an idea ? Damocles gladly accepted the offer. Upon which the king ordered that a royal banquet should be prepared, and a gilded couch placed for him, covered with rich embroidery, and sideboards loaded with gold and silver plate of immense value. Pages of extraordinary beauty were ordered to wait on him at table, and to obey his commands with the greatest readiness, and the most profound submission. Neither ointments, chaplets of flowers, nor rich perfumes were wanting. The table was loaded with the most exquisite delicacies of every kind. Damocles fancied himself amongst the gods. In
the midst of all his happiness, he sees let down from the roof, exactly over his neck, as he lay indulging himself in state, a glitteringers word, hung by a single hair. The sight of destructiot., thus threatening him from on high, soon put a stop to his.joy and revelling. The
of his attendance, and the glitter of the carved plate gave bim no longer any pleasure. He dreads to stretch forth, his hand to the table ; he throws off the chaplet of roses ; he hastens to remove from his dangerous situation ; and, at last, begs the king to restore him to his former humble condition, baing no desire to enjoy any longer, such a dreadful kind of happiness.
XVII.--Charac'er of Cataline.--SALLUST. L
UCIUS CATALINE, by birth à Patrician, was, by
nature, endowed with superior advantages, both bodily and mental; but his dispositions were corrupt and wicked. From his youth, his supreme delight'was in vielence, slaughter, rapine and intestine confusions; and such works were the employment of his earliest years. His constitution qualified him for bearing hunger, cold and want of sleep, to a degree exceeding belief. His mind was daring, subtle, unsteady. There was no character which he could not assume and put off at pleasure. Rapacious of what belonged to others, prodigal of his own, violently bent on whatever became the object of his pursuit; he possessed a considerable share of eloquence, but little solid knowledge. His insatiable temper was ever pushing him to grasp at what was immoderate, romantic and out of his reach.
About the time of the disturbances raised by Syila, Cataline was seized by a violent lust of power; nor did he at all hesitate about the means, so he could but attain his purpose of raising himself to supreme dominion. His restless spirit was in a continual ferment, occasioned by the confusion of his own private affairs, and by the horrors of his guilty conscience; both which he had brought upon himself, by living the life above described. He was encouraged in bis ambitious projects by the general corruption of manners, which then prevailed amongst a people infested with two vices, not less opposite to one another in their natures, than mischievous in their tendencies : I mean Luxury and Avarice.
XVIII.-Avarice and Luxury.--SPECTATOR.
a perpetual war against each other ; the name of the first was Luxury, and of the second Avarice. The aim of each of them, was no less than universal monarchy over the hearts of mankind. Luxury had many generals under him, who did him great service ; as Pleasure, Mirth, Pomp and Fashion. Avarice was likewise very strong in his officers, being faithfully served by Honger, * Industry, Care and Watchfulness ; he had likewise a pri
vy counsellor, who was always at his elbow, and whispering something or other in his ear: the name of this privy counsellor was Poverty. As Ayarice conducted himself by the counsels of Poverty, his antagonist was entirely guided by the dictates and advice of Plenty, who was his first counsellor and minister of state, that concerted all his measures for him, and never departed out of his sight. While these two great rivals were thus contending for Empire, their conquests were ve. ry various. Luxury got possession of one heart, and Avarice of another. The father of the family would often range himself under the banners of Avarice, and the son under those of Luxury. The wife and husband would often declare themselves of the two different parties; nay, the same person would very often side with one in his youth, and revolt to the other in old age. Indeed, the wise men of the world stood neuter; but alas! their numbers were not considerable. At length, when these two potentates had wearied themselves with waging war upon one another, they agreed upon an interview, at which neither of the counsellors was to be present. It is said that Luxury began the parley; and after having represented the endiess state of war in which they were engaged, told his enemy, with a frankness of heart which is natural to him, that he believed they two should be very good friends, were it not for th, instigations of Pov. erty, tnat pernicious coupsellor, who made an ill use of his ear, and filled him with groundless apprehensions and prejudices. To this Avarice replied that he looked upon Plenty, (the first minister of his antagonist) to be a much more destructive counsellor than Poverty : For that he was perpetually suggesting pleasures, banishing