The Berbers and the Islamic State
Markus Wiener Publishers, 2000 - 200 páginas
The Arab conquest of North Africa in the 8th century gave birth to a new political body on the Western Mediterranean shores, a Berber-Islamic state, which continued to evolve throughout the entire medieval period and achieved viability, coherence and stability by implementing Islamic norms of community and statehood, identity and institutions. The process was not a peaceful one, however. The drive to bring the Berber populace into the mainstream of Islamic statehood, through intensified islamization, indoctrination in Islamic theology and expansion of the judicial system, deepened the awareness of Berber particularism, and refined and defined its expression vis-a-vis the Islamic state and its institutions. The story told here is that of the acculturation and alienation of the Berbers to the Islamic state under the Marinids in the 13th-15th centuries. This book studies how the Berbers participated in the process of the state's formation in the medieval Maghreb, while at the same time resisting uniformity and conformity to cultural norms and institutions, through which acculturation was enforced. The sources used here are evidence to challenge the view that no independent Berber intellectual and literary activity existed, and to substantiate expressions of Berber self-awareness in the Arab chronicles.
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14th century Abū l-Hasan According acculturation administration al-Andalus Almohads Andalusian appeared appointed Arab Banū became Berbers building built central century Chapter Christian chronicle claimed collection conquest conversion copy court cultivated cultural documents domain dynasty early East economic Egypt endowed established existence expressed fact fatwā forced given gold Granada Histoire des Berbères historians Ibn Khaldūn included individual Inscriptions institutions Islamic norms Jewish Jews jurists Kitāb land later Lévi-Provençal living Maghreb Marīnid medieval medresa mentioned Morocco mosque MUHAMMAD MUSLIM SPAIN myth needed North Africa origin Paris patterns period person political position practice question referred religious resistance rule rulers social sources state's subjects sultan term Tlemcen tribes waqf written Yūsuf Zahra Zanāta
Die Geburt der modernen Welt: eine Globalgeschichte 1780-1914
Christopher A. Bayly
Vista previa restringida - 2006
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Nationalism and Minority Identities in Islamic Societies
Vista previa restringida - 2005