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LAMPATE

Lampate (lamp'it), n., . A compound salt, composed of lampic acid and a base. Hoopolo; (lamp' blak), n. [Lamp and black; being originally made by means of a lamp or torch..] A fine soot formed by the condensation of the smoke of burning oil, pitch, or resinous substances in a chimney terminating in a cone of cloth. Lamper-eel (lam'për-él), n. The lamprey. [Local.] . Lampern (lam'pěrn), n. The name given by fishermen by way of distinction to two species of fresh-water lampreys, Petromyzom fluviatilis (the river lamprey) and P. planeri (the fringolipped lamprey). pers (lam'përz), n., See LAMPAs. Lampet, Lampit (lam'pet, lam'pit), n. A limpet. [Scotch.] Hoopoo, o m. A follower of mpetius, a Syrian monk of the fifth century, who denied the divinity of Christ and the creation of the world by God. Lamp-glass (lamp'glas), n. The upright glass tube used for lamps burning particular oils; the cylindrical or spherical glass shade for a lamp or gas-burner. Lampic (lamp'ik), a. The term applied to an acid obtained by the slow combustion of the vapour of alcohol and ether by means of a lamp furnished with a coil of platinum wire. It is acetic acid modified by a peculiar hydrocarbon. Hoping (lamp'ing), a. ng. Imagination is a brighter and a bolder Beauty. with large damping eyes of uncertain colour, as if fiuctuating with rainbow-light. Pry. If isson. Lampion § m. [Fr.: dim. of lampe.] A small lamp suitable for illuminations. At the French Chancellerie they had six more hampions in their illumination than ours had. Thackeray. Lamplight (lamp'lit), n. The light shed by a lamp. “Walking in the dim lamplight of the Piazza.” Macaulay. Lamplighter (lamp'lit-ér), n. ployed to light street lamps. Lampoon (lam-pon'), m. [Fr. lampom, a drinking or scurrilous song, from lamper, to drink, to guzzle.] A personal satire in writing; abuse; censure written to reproach and vex; abuse. Satires and lampoons on particular persons circulate more by giving copies. Sheridant. These personal and scandalous libels, carried to excess in the reign of Charles II., acquired the name of lampoon, from the burden sung to them: “Lampone, lampone, camerada lampone' – ' Guzzler, guzzler, my fellow-guzzler." -Sir Jo". Scott. Lampoon (lam-pon'), v.t. To abuse with personal censure; to reproach in written satire. Lampooner (lam-pon'êr), n. One who lampoons or abuses with personal satire ; the writer of a lampoon. The squibs are those who are called libellers, lamfooters, and pamphleteers. - Zorazer. Lampoonry (lam-pon'ri), n. The act of lampooning; written personal abuse or satire. Swift. Lamp-post (lamp'pöst), n. A so or pillar for supporting a street or other out-door

Shining; spark

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lamp. Lamprel, Lampron (lam'prel, lam'pron). See LAMPREY. Lamprey (lam'pri), n. [Fr. lamproie, Pr. lamprada, It lanpreda, A. Sax. lamprede, G. lamprete, Sc. lampert, rampert, ramper, L.L. lainpetra–L. lambo, to lick, and petra, a stone: so called from their habit of attaching themselves to stones by their circular suctorial mouths. The generic name Petromyzon has the same meaning.] The popular name of several species of Petromyzon, a genus of marsipobranchiate, eel-like, scaleless fishes which inhabit both fresh and salt water. The lampreys have seven spiracles or apertures on each side of the neck, and a fistula or aperture on the top of the head;

Sea Lamprey (Petromyzon marinus).

they have no pectoral or ventral fins. The mouth is in the form of a sucker, lined with strong teeth and cutting plates, and the river lampreys are often seen clinging to stones by it. The marine or sea lamprey

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as to weigh 4 or 5 lbs. The river lamprey or lampern (P. fluviatilis) is a smaller species, and abounds in the fresh-water lakes and rivers of northern countries. Lampreys attach themselves to other fishes and suck their blood; they also eat soft animal matter of any kind. Lamp-shade (lamp'shād), n. A shade or screen placed above the flame of a lamp to mellow or intercept it. It may have a dark exterior and a reflecting interior substance. Lamp-shell (lamp'shel), n. A mollusc of the class Brachiopoda (which see). Lampyridae (lani-pir’i-dé), m. pl. "[Gr. lawnpyris, a glowworm—lampo, to shine, oura, the tail, and eidos, resemblance..] A family of coleopterous insects of the section Malacodermi. The insects of this family have five joints to all the tarsi, flexible elytra, the body usually elongated and somewhat

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depressed. The type of the family is the

(P. marinus) is sometimes found so large | Lancely (lansli), a.

(b) In zool, covered with fine, very long, flexible,

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constructed on the principle of the Lancas

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LANCINATING

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with knives and ornicers.

1. Ki. xviii. 28, ed. 1611.

Lance-rest (lans rest), n. A projecting supPort placed on the right side of the breastplate to assist in bearing the lance.

South American and West Indian tree of Lance-shaped (lans'shāpt), a. Shaped like

a lance; lanceolate. Lancet (lans’et), n. [Fr. lancette, dim. of lance. 1 1. A small surgical instrument. sharp-pointed and generally two-edged, used in venesection and in opening tumours, abscesses, &c. Lancets are known as gum lancets, vaccinating lancets, &c., and their shapes are various. A common form is that of a small blade fixed in a handle somewhat like that of a knife. Sometimes there are three blades of different shapes fixed in the handle by one pin. Lancets of copper have been found at Pompeii in company with other surgical instruments. – 2. A high and narrow window pointed like a lancet, commonly called a Lancet-window. Lancet - win dows are a marked characteristic of the early English style of Gothic architecture, and are in a

great degree peculiar to England and Scotland. They are often double or triple, and sometimes five are

from Spain.] 1. An offensive weapon ing of a long wooden shaft with a sharplo head of steel or other metal, used

a spear. The ancient lances were thrown from the hand like the javelin. The tiltinglances, which did not appear until about the thirteenth century, had an indented place in the shaft near the base for the hand to obtain a firm grasp, and were frequently adorned by a pennon fastened below the socket of the lance-head. The lance used in certain modern cavalry regiments has a shaft of ash or beech wood in some cases about 16 feet long, with a steel point S or 10 inches in length, adorned, like the tiltinglance, by a small pennon. A braver soldier never couched sance. Shak. 2. A soldier armed with a lance; a lancer. Lance (lans), v.t...pret & pp. lanced; pp. lancing. 1. To pierce with a lance or with a sharp-pointed instrument. Seized the due victim, and with fury lanced Her back. I}rydent. 2. To open with a lancet; to pierce; as, to lance a vein or an abscess.-3. To throw in the manner of a lance; to launch. Lancet (lans), n. A balance. See LAUNCE. Lance-corporal $.". 71. Milit. a private performing the duties of a corporal with temporary rank as such. Lance-gay, f Lancegaye, f n. . [Fr. lancezagaye; zagaye Hassagai.] A kind of lance. Lance-head (lañshed), m. The head of a lance. Lance-knight t (lans'nit), n. [See LANsQUENET.] A common soldier. B. Jomson. | Lancelet (lans'let), n. A small fish of very anomalous structure, the Amphioacus lanceolatus or Branchiostoma lanceolatum. See | BRANchiostomA.

n war by both ancient and modern nations;

- io together, as Lancet-window, Com- in the window called rton. the “Five Sisters' at

York. The east window of Glasgow cathedral consists of four lancets grouped together. The church,-one night, except For greenish glimmerings thro' the dance’s, made Still paler the head of him. Tennyson. Lancet-arch, an arch whose head is shaped like the point of a lancet: generally used in lancet-windows. Lancet-fish (lans'et-fish), n. A fish of the genus Acanthurus (which see). Lancet-window (lans’et-win-dò), m. as Lancet, 2. Lance-wood (lans'wud), n. [So named from its being suitable for making the shafts of lances.] The popular name of the wood of several trees of the order Anonaceae, as of the Ozandra virgata, a native of Jamaica. Duguetia quitarensis, a native of Cuba and Guiana, which possesses in a high degree the qualities of toughness and elasticity, and is on this account extremely well adapted for the shafts of light carriages, and all those uses where light, strong, but elastic timber is required. Lanch (lansh). Same as Launch. Lanciferous (lan-sif'ér-us), a. [L. lancea, lance, and fero, to bear.] Bearing a lance. Blount. Lanciform (lan'si-form), a. [L. lancea, lance, and forma, form.] Spear-shaped; lance-shaped; lanceolate. Lancinate (lan'sin-āt), v.t. [L. lancino, lancimatum, to tear to pieces, to lacerate.] To tear; to lacerate. Lancinating (lan'sin-āt-ing), a., Piercing: specifically applied to a sudden sharp shooting pain, as in cancer. “Lancinating pangs

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LAN CINATION

- keen, glancing, arrowy radiations of anguish." De Quincey. Lancination (lan-sin-à'shon), n. Laceration: wounding. “Lancinations of the spirit." Jer. Taylor. Land (land), n. (Found in the same form in all the Teutonic languages and with only very doubtful connections in the other Indo-Euroo tongues, the Fr. lande. It, and Sp. nia, a heath, a wide extent of waste ground. a plain, being from the Celtic lawn, olderland, originally a thorny or spiny bush. 1. Earth, or the solid matter which constitutes the fixed part of the surface of the globe, in distinction from the sea or other waters, which constitute the fluid or movable part ; as, the globe consists of land and water; a sailor in a long voyage longs to see land. – 2. Any portion of the solid superficial part of the globe considered as set apart or belonging to an individual or a people, as a country, estate, farm, or tract.

Go, view the find, even Jericho. Josh. ii. 1.

3. Ground ; soil, or the superficial part of the earth in respect to its nature or quality; as, good land: poor land; moist or dry land -–4. In law, a generic term comprehending every species of ground or earth, as meadows, pastures, woods, moors, waters, marshes, furze, and heath, including also messuages, tofts, crofts, mills, castles, and other buildings.--5. The inhabitants of a country or region; a nation or people. These answers in the silent night received. The king aimself divulged, the land believed. Dryden.

6. The ground left unploughed between furrows. Hence-7. The part of the bore of a rifle between the grooves. --8. In Scotland, a house consisting of different stories, or more especially a building including different tenements, is called a land.--To make the land, or to outke land (naut), to discover land from the sea as the ship approaches it. –To shut in the land, to lose sight of the land left by the intervention of a point or promontory. To set the land, to see by the compass how it bears from the ship. To lay the land. to sail from it until it begins to appear lower and smaller by reason of the convexity of the surface of the sea. To raise the land, to sail towards it until it appears to be raised or elevated.

Land (land), r t. 1. To set on shore: to disembark : to debark; as, to land troops; to land goods.

Moving up the coast they landed him. Tennyson.

2. To bring to or put in a certain place or condition; as, we were la nosed in disticulties. one chair after another fanated ladies at the aroness's door. Thackeray. Land (land), r. i. 1. To go on shore from a ship or boat; to disembark. Landing at Syracuse we tarried there three days. to xxviii. i2. 2 To arrive: to reach; as, I landed at his house. Land (land). n. [A. Sax hland or holond, 0 E also lant; Icel, hland, urine.] Urine. Land-agent (land'a-jent), n. A person enployed by the proprietor of an estate to effect the transfer of property by purchase, sale. hiring, or letting, to collect rents, to re-let farms, and the like. Lan (land’am-man), m. A chief mari-trate in some of the Swiss cantons. Landau (lan-la'), n. (So called from Lamdatu, a town in Germany, where first made. } A kind of coach or carriage whose top may be opened and thrown back. Landaulet (lan-dà-let'), n. [Dim, of landau, ) A small landau. Land-blink (land'hlingk), n. A peculiar atmospheric brightness perceived in the arctic regions on approaching land covered with snow. It is more yellow than iceblink. Land-breeze (landsbröz), n. A current of air setting from the land toward the sea. Land-bug (land'huz), n. A popular name for the Hi-teropterous insects of the section Geocorisze (which see). Land-carriage (land'kar-rij), n. or transportation by land. Land-crab (land’krab), n. A crustacean whose habits are terrestrial, as distinguished from one whose habits are aquatic; particularly, one of the species of Gecarcinus, which live much on land, and only visit the sea to deposit their eggs. The best known is G. ruricota, found in the higher parts of

Carriage

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Jamaica, which often proves very destructive to the sugar plantations. Landdamn (land'dam), v. t. To banish from the land; to exile. You are abused and by some putter-on That will be dationed fort; would I knew the villain, I would 'too on him. .5/tax. [The reading and meaning of this passage are, however, doubtful. Lande (land), m. | Fr. See LAND...] A heath: a heathy or sandy plain incapable of bearing cereals. The term landes is specifically applied to extensive areas in France stretching from the mouth of the Garonne along the Bay of Biscay and inward towards Bordeaux.

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2. One who lands or sets on land; especially, in mining, the man who attends at the mouth of the pit to receive the kibble or bucket in which the ore is brought to the surface. Landfall (land'fal), n. 1. A sudden transference of property in land by the death of a rich man.-2. Naut, the first land discovered after a voyage. A good ontosai, is when the land is seen as expected. ora stare o- Cox. 3. A laudslip. Land-fish (land'fish), n. A fish on land; a fish out of the water; hence, any one out of his element, and acting contrary to his usual character. He's grown a very land/fsh, languageless, * on. or. !, ro".

Landflood (land'Hud), n. An overflowing of land by water, especially by inland waters, as rivers and the like : an inundation. ‘Land floods after rain.' Drayton. Land-force (land'förs), n. A military force, army, or body of troops serving on land, as distinguished from a naval force. Land-fowl (land foul), n. Birds that frequent land. Land-gabel + (land'gī-bel), n. [See GABE.) A tax or rent issuing out of land, according to Doomsday-book. Landgrave, Landgraf (land'orov, land 'graf), m. (G. landora.f. D. la noltraaf land, land, and arraf, graaf, an earl or count.) 1. In Germany, originally, about the twelfth century, the title of district or provincial governors deputed by the emperor, and given them to distinguish them from the inferior counts under their jurisdiction.

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Szenter. Landholder (land'hôld - or ), n. A holder, owner, or proprietor of land. Land-ice (land'is), n. A field or floe of ice stretching along the land which lies between two headlands. Landing (landing), a Connected with or pertaining to the process of bringing to land, or of unloading anything from a vessel, &c. Landing charges or landing rates, charges or fees paid on goods landed from a sel. -- Landing met, a small bag-shaped net used in fly-fishing to take the fish from the water after being hooked. --Janding surrevor, an officer of the customs who appoints and superintends the landing-waiters.--Landing traiter, an officer of the customs whose duty is to oversee the landing of goods, to exa

They bear chiefly heath and broom, but on the seaward side are largely

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2. Later, the title of three princes of the

LANDMARK

mine, weigh, measure, take account of them, and the like. Landing (land'ing), m. 1. The act of going or setting on land, especially from a vessel. 2. A place on the shore of the sea or of a lake, or on the bank of a river, where persons land or come on shore, or where goods are set on shore. 3. In arch, the first part of a floor at the end of a flight of steps; also, a resting-place in a series or flight of steps. 4. A platform at a railway-station. Landing-place (land'ing-plas), n. La moon, 2, 3, and 4. Landjobber (land'job-or), n. A man who makes a business of buying and selling land, whether on his own account or for others. Landjobbing (land'job-ing), m. The practice of buying land for the purpose of speculation. Landlady (land’lā-di), n. [See LANDLord.] , 1. A woman who has tenants holding from her.—2. The mistress of an inn or of a lodging-house. Honoleaper (land’lép-or), n. Same as Landoper. Landless (land’les), a. Destitute of land: having no property in land. A landless knight makes thee a landed squire.

ta Landlock (land 'lok), v. t. To inclose or encompass by land.

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... foey. Landlouping (land'loup-ing), a. Wandering about; vagrant; vagabond. [Scotch.) I canna think it an unlawful thing to pit a bit trick on sic a "a tootorizo scoundrel. -S or of . soccer. Landlubber (land’lub-êr), n. [Land, and lobber, a lazy fellow.) A term of reproach among seamen for one who passes his life on land. A navy which is not manned is no navy. A navy which is recruited inainly from and/oers is hardly better. Saturday Rez. Land-lurch i (land'lèrch), c.t. To steal land from, Hence country outs land-furch their lords. at rater. Landman (land'man), n. A man who lives or serves on land: opposed to seaman. Landman (land'man), n. In late, a terretenant. Landmark (land'märk), n. 1. A mark to designate the boundary of land; any mark or fixed object, as a marked tree, a stone, a ditch, or a heap of stones, by which the limits of a farm, a town, or other portion of territory may be known and preserved. Thou shalt not remove thy neighbour's sationark. Deut. xix. 14. 2. Trees, houses, or other prominent features of a locality by which it is known.-3. Naut, any elevated object on land that serves as a guide to seamen.—4. That which marks the stage of advancement at which anything capable of development has arrived at any given period; any phenomenon or striking event; anything which marks the end of one system or state of things and the introduction of a new system or state: thus, the battle of Hastings and the abolition of trials for witchcraft are landmarks in the history of England; the invention of the steam-engine and of the telegraph are landmarks in the progress of the arts: the appearance and disappearance of particular fossils are landmarks in geology.

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ment of land; also the name of a table of square measure by which land is measured. Land-measurer (land' mezh-ur-er), n. A person whose employment is to ascertain by measurement and computation the superficial contents of portions of land, as fields, farms, &c. Land-measuring (land'mezh-ur-ing), n. The art of determining by measurement and computation the superficial contents of portions of lands in acres, roods, &c., as fields, farms, &c. It is properly a subordinate branch of land-surveying, but the terms are sometimes used synonymously. Land-office (land'of-fis), m. An office in which the sales of new land are registered, and warrants issued for the location of land, and other business respecting unsettled land is transacted. [United States and colonial.] Landowner (land'òn-ér), n. of land. Land-pilot (land'pi-lot), n. travelling by land. Would overtask the best fanta-aiza’s art. Land-pirate (land'pi-rát), n. robber. Landrail (land'ril), m. The corncrake. See CokxCFAKE and CRAKE. Landreeve (land’rev), n. [Land, and recre, a bailiff or steward.) A subordinate officer on an extensive estate, who acts as an assistant to the land-steward. Land-rent (land’rent), n. Rent paid for the use of land; income from land. Land-roll (land'ról), n. In agri. a heavy roller used for crushing clods and rendering the land friable and smooth; a clod-crusher. Landscape (land'skap), n. (Originally landskip, A. Sax. landscipe, landscape – land, and scope, shape, form; D. landschap, Dan. landskab, G, landschaft. 1. A portion of land or territory which the eye can comprehend in a single view, including all the objects it contains. New scenes arise, new landscapes strike the eye,' And all th’ enliveu'd country beautify. Thomson. 2. A picture representing a tract of country with the various objects it contains; such pictures in general, or the painting of such pictures. The prettiest landscree I ever saw was one drawn on the walls of a dark room. ..! do toot.

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who has the care of a landed estate. Landstreight, t Landstraiti (land 'stråt), n. A narrow slip of land. Landsturm (lant'storm), n. [G., lit. landstorm. ) A local militia of Germany, which is never called from its own district but in case of actual invasion. It comprises that portion of the reserve too old for the landwehr. Other continental nations have a force of the same nature. Land-surveying (land'sér-vā;ing), n. The art of determining the boundaries and superficial extent of portions of land, as estates, or parts of an estate, by the aid of proper instruments, and of laying down an accurate map of the whole. Land-surveyor (land'sér-vá-or), n. One whose employment is to determine the boundaries and superficial contents of portions of land, as estates, fields, &c., and to lay down an accurate map of the whole. Land-tax (land'taks), n. A tax assessed upon land and houses. Land-tortoise (land'tor-tois), n. A genus of tortoises or turtles (Testudo) inhabiting

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shall commive at the merchant for cheating the queen of a hundred. Swift.

Hanoward (land'wérd), adr. land. Landward (land'wórd), a 1. Lying toward the land, or toward the interior, or away from the sea-coast. -2. Situated in or forming part of the country, as opposed to the town; rural. Land-warrant (land'wo-rant), n. An American government security or title author†i a person to enter on a tract of public all (1. Landwehr (lant'vār), m. (G. land, country, and wehr, defence; the latter word is seen in E. ware, beware.] That portion of the military force of some continental nations which in time of peace follow their ordinary occupations, excepting when called out for occasional training. The landwehr in some respects resembles our militia, with this important difference that all the soldiers of the landwehr have served in the regular army. This system has received its fullest development in Germany, in which country it adds enormously, and at comparatively little cost, to the military power of the state. Land-wind (land'wind), n. A wind blowing from the land. Landworker (land’werk-er), n. tills the ground. Lane (län), n. [Sc. loan, a lane, a walk; D. laan, an alley, an avenue; Icel. lon, a row of houses; Fris. long, lama, a lane or path between houses or fields.) 1. A narrow way or passage, as between hedges or buildings; a narrow street; an alley; a narrow pass,

One who

son. – 2. Any opening resembling such a passage, as between lines of men or people standing on each side; a navigable opening in ice. He was led into the house, all the lords standing up out of respect, and naking a sane for him to pass to the earl's bench. Belshawn. Lane (län), a. Alone.—Mu, thy, his (or him), lane, myself, thyself, himself alone. — Our, your, their lanes, ourselves, yourselves, themselves alone. Lame is shortened for a lane, alone, and these usages arose by corruption from the older expressions one lane, him lane, O. E. al him one, &c. [Scotch. J Lanely (lān"li), a. Lonely. [Scotch.) Lang (lang), a. Long. [Scotch. Langaha (lan-gā'ha), n. The name of two species of tree-serpents, natives of Madagascar, having a fleshy scale-covered projection on the muzzle. Langate (lang'gāt), n. In surg. a linen roller used in dressing wounds. Langrage, Langrel (lang'grâj, lang'grel), n. A particular kind of shot used at sea for

Toward the

“The leafy lanes behind the down." Tenny

tearing sails and rigging, and thus disabling i

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La raloo (lang'tér-a-lo"), m. A game at cards. See LANTERI.00. Language (lang'gwāj), n. . [0 E langage, Fr. lanoage. Pr. lenguatae, lengatge, lengage: It linguaggio; from L. lingua, the tongue (which takes the form langue in Fr.), and the L. L. term, a ticum ; allied to L. longo, Gr, leichö, Skr. lih, to lick, j 1, Human speech; the expression of thoughts by words or articulate sounds; as, language is the peculiar possession of man. --2. A particular set of articulate sounds used in the expression of thoughts; the aggregate of the words employed by any community for intercommunication ; as, the English language; the Greek language. — Philologists have classified the languages of the earth on two principles; first, according to the structure of the language or the manner in which its sounds are formed or combined; and, secondly, according to their genetic connection or relationship as to origin. The first kind of classification is called the morphological, the second the genealogical. According to the morphological classification three forms of structure in languages are usually distinguished—the isolating, the agglutinating, and the inflectional. The isolating languages, of which the Chinese is an example, are composed entirely of monosyllabic unchangeable roots, which may indeed be compounded with one another in order to express their mutual relations, but as a rule retain their independence. The agglutinating languages are such as possess certain unalterable roots to which other syllables, which are capable of modification, and which do not retain an independent signification, are affixed to express relations. Of this class are the Mongolic or Turanian languages. A subdivision of this class consists of those languages, such as the American, which attach all the subordinate or less important members of a sentence to the main root as terminations, and which are called the incorporating. The inflectional languages, which are the most highly developed, are those in which all the roots are capable of being modified to express different relations or shades of meaning. Philologists believe that all languages which have reached this highest stage must previously have passed through the other two stages. When classified genealogically languages are divided into families or groups in which a community of origin is distinctly traceable. Such are the Aryan or IndoEuropean family (comprising Sanskrit, Persian, Slavonic, Greek, Latin, Gothic, &c.), and the Semitic family (comprising Hebrew, Arabic, Aramaic, &c.), which are the only two families which have reached the inflectional stage of morphological development. 3. Words or expressions appropriate to or especially employed in any branch of knowledge ; as, the language of chemistry.-4. Style; manner of expression, either by speech or writing. Others for language all their care express. Pope.

5. The inarticulate sounds by which irrational animals express their feelings and wants. 6. The expression of thought in any way articulate or inarticulate, conventional or unconventional; as, the language of signs: the language of the eyes; the language of flowers, &c. The language of the eyes frequently supplies the place of that of the tongue. Crabb. 7. A nation as distinguished by its speech. Dan. iii. 7. La Valette was obliged to refuse the application of

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B. ess (lang'gwāj-les), a. Wäg speech or language. ‘He's grown . . . languageless." Shak. master (lang'gwāj-mas-tér), m. One whose profession is to teach languages. ed (langd), pp. [Fr. langue, a tongue. I In her a term applied to the tongue of beasts and birds when borne of a different tincture to that of the animal. e d'oc (lāf-gu-dok), n. The name given to the independent Romance dialect spoken in Provence in the middle ages, from its word for yes being oc, a form of the Latin hoc. It was thus distinguished from the language spoken by the natives of the north of France, which was called Langue d’otti or Langue d'oïl, their affirmative being a contraction of Latin hoc illud. The langue d'oc was the language of the Troubadours.

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lafi-gu-doil), n. The language of the north of France, so named from its word for yes (oil, owil, otti, being contracted from the Latin hoc illusi). It was the language of the Trouvères. It became developed into modern French. See LANGUE D'oc. Languente (lan-gwen'ta). [It. In music, a direction prefixed to a composition, denoting that it is to be performed in a languishing or soft manner. la Languett (lang'get), n. [Fr. languette, a tongue.] Anything in the shape of the tongue. Languid (lang'gwid), a. [L. langutidus, from langueo, to droop or flag, whence also lawguish.J. 1. Flagging; drooping; hence, feeble; weak: heavy; dull; indisposed to exertion; as, the body is languid after excessive action, which exhausts its powers. “Languid powerless limbs.' Armstrong. —2. Slow ; tardy. “No motion so swift or languid.' flow. –3. Dull; heartless; without animaunt And fire their langitid souls with Cato, ...? to joir. Studious we toil, with patient care refine, Nor iet our love protect one languid line. Crazoe. SYN. Feeble, weak, faint, sickly, pining, exhausted. heavy, dull, weary, heartless. (lang'gwid-li), ade. In a languid manner; weakly; feebly; slowly; without spirit or animation. dness (lang'gwid-nes), n. The state or quality of being languid; weakness; dulness: languor; slowness; sluggishness. (lang'gwish), v.i. . [Fr. languir, layotissant, L. langueo, to languish; perhaps akin to E. lank (which see).] 1. To lose strength or animation; to be or “become dull, feeble, or spiritless; to pine; to be or to grow heavy; as, we languish under disease or after excessive exertion. She that hath borne seven languisheth. Jer. xv. 9. Therefore shall the land mourn, and every one that dwelleth therein shall famgitish. Hos. iv. 3. Rarely with of. what is it . . . the king languishes off Shak. 2. To suffer from heat, want of moisture, or other prejudicial conditions; to droop; to wither; to fade; as, the flowers languish. For the fields of Heshbon languish. Is. xvi. 8. 3. To grow dull; to be no longer active and vigorous; as, the war languished for want of supplies; commerce, agriculture, manufactures languish. –4. To look with softness or tenderness, as with the head reclined and a peculiar cast of the eye. Languid Love, Leaning his cheek upon his hand, Ironpo both his wings regarding thee, And so would languish evermore. Tennyson. SYN. To pine, wither, fade, droop, faint. h (lang'gwish ), v. t. To cause to droop or pine. (Rare.] That he might satisfy or languish that burning faine. A/orro. Languish (lang'gwish), n. Act of pining; also a soft and tender look or appearance.

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illed in language or learned in sever il

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Languisher (lang'gwish-er), n. One who languishes or pines. , ‘These unhappy languishers in obscurity." Mrs. Carter. ing (lang'gwish-ing), p. and a. 1. o: being feeble; losing strength; pining; withering; fading.—2. Having a soft and tender look or appearance; as, a languishing eye. With languishing regards and bending head. Pryctent. Languishin (lang'gwish-ing-li), adr. In a *. Inanner: (a) weakly; feebly; dully; slowly. (b) With tender softness. Loose on flowery beds all languishingly lay. Thomson. ent (lang'gwish-ment), m. 1. The state of pining. ‘Lingering languishment." Shak.-2. Softness of look or mien, with the head reclined. Whilst sinking eyes with langitishment profess Follies his tongue refuses to confess. Dr. 14. Afng. or (lang'gwěr), m. [L. languor, Fr. langueur, faintness, weariness, feebleness.] 1. Feebleness; dulness; heaviness; lassitude of body; that state of the body which is induced by exhaustion of strength, as by disease, by extraordinary exertion, by the relaxing effect of heat, or by weakness from any cause. A Manoritor came {{pon him, gentle sickness gradually Weakening the man, till he could do no more. Zeno y son. 2. Dulness of the intellectual faculty: listlessness. –3. An agreeable listless or dreamy state; voluptuous indolence; softness; laxity. To isles of fragrance, lily-silvered vales, Diffusing languor in the panting gales. Pope. 4. In vegetable pathol. that condition of plants in which, from unwholesome food, bad drainage, ungenial subsoil, and the like, they fall into a state of premature decrepitude. This disease is well-known in French vineyards under the name goupissare. -SYN. Feebleness, weakness, faintness, weariness, dulness, heaviness, lassitude, listlessness.

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deep as to form a prominent tooth at each side. They are insectivorous, but some even prey on small birds and mammals. Laniinae (lā-ni-i'né), m. pl. A sub-family of the Laniidae, having the bill short and the tooth very prominent. It contains the typical genus Lanius, | Lanius |...". m. The typical genus of the Laniidae; the shrike or butcher-bird

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All this Was borne so like a soldier, that thy cheek So inuch as a wik'at not. Sha&. langkoli), adr. In a lank manner; thinly; loosely; laxly. From my head, a scanty store, Lanky the withered tresses flow. Sir 5. Aft/. Lankness (langk'nes), n. The state or quality of being lank; laxity; flabbiness; leanness; slenderness. There shall be a kind of sankness and depression within thy belly for very famine. Stokes. Lanky (langk'i), a. Lank. Scarce one of us domestic birds but initates the *artky pavonine strut and shrill genteel scream. - 7Aackeray. Lanner (lan'nér), n. [Fr. lanier, L. laniarius, lamius, a butcher.] Falco lamiarius, a species of hawk, especially the female of the species, found in the south and east of Europe. It is rather less than the buzzard. The fanner and the la porteret are accounted hard hawks, and the very hardest of any that are in ordinary, or in common use. Lathamt. Lanneret (lan'nér-et), n. [Dim. of lanner.] The male of the Falco lamiarius, so called from his being smaller than the female. See LANNER. Lanseh (lan'se), n. [Indian name.] The fruit of Lansium domesticumn. See LANsiusi. Lansium (lan'si-um), n. [From lanseh. ) A genus of trees belonging to the nat. order Meliaceae. It comprises two or three species, natives of India, the most important of which is L. domesticum, the large yellowish fruit of which is highly esteemed, and eaten either fresh or prepared in various ways. Lansquenet (lans'ke-net), m. (G. landsknecht, a foot-soldier—land, country, knecht, a boy, a servant.] 1. A German common soldier belonging to the infantry first raised by the Emperor Maximilian in the end of the fifteenth century; a soldier who hired himself out to whoever offered highest for his services; a soldier of fortune. — 2. A game at cards much played among or introduced by the lansquenets: vulgarly called Lambskinnet. Lant (lant), m. The game of loo. Called also Lanterloo. Lant (lant), m. [See LAND, urine.] Urine. [Provincial English.) t (lant), v. t. To wet or mingle with urine. [Provincial.] Lantana (lan-tä'na), m. [An ancient name of Viburnum, and applied to this genus by Linnaeus by reason of its affinity.] A genus of plants belonging to the nat. order Verbenaceae, containing about forty or fifty species. These are mostly natives of tropical and sub-tropical America, a few occurring in Africa and Asia; two tropical American species (L. trifolia and L. aculeata) are now widely spread in the Old World. They are tall or subscandent shrubs (rarely herbs), with opposite, toothed, often rugose leaves, and dense spikes of white, orange, or red flowers on long stalks: the fruit is a small drupe. L. macrophylla is employed in infusions as a stimulant, and L. pseudo-thea as a substitute for tea. Lantanium (lan-tä'ni-um), m. Same as Lamthanium. Lantcha (lant'cha), n. A Malay boat having three masts and a bowsprit, to be met with especially in the eastern part of the Indian Archipelago. Great numbers of lantchas come to Penang and Singapore at the time of the arrival of the Chinese and Siannese junks, fetching spices and areca-nuts. Lanterloo (lan'ter-lo), n. [D. lanterlu, lanterloo; comp. lanterfant, an idler. ) A game at cards, now called loo, sometimes lant. Written also Langteraloo, Langtra. Lantern (lan'térn), m. [Fr. lanterne, L. lamterma, laterna, from Gr. lamptor, a light, a beacon, from launpo, to shine.) 1. A case LANTERN

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inclosing a light and protecting it from wind and rain, sometimes portable and sometimes fixed. In war-ships and other large vessels there are poop lanterns, mast-head lanterns,

Ship's Lanterns. | a, Octagon. *, Mast-head. , Signal.

&c., named after the places where they are carried. Signal lanterns are those employed for the purpose of directing other ships in a fleet or convoy, or for avoiding collisions at night. Caprea, where the lontern fixed on high, Shines like a moon through the benighted sky.

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2. In arch.(a) an erection on the top of a dome, on the roof of an apartment, or in similar situations, to give light, to promote ventilation, or to serve as a sort of ornament. (b) A tower which has the whole or a considerable portion of the interior open to view from the ground, and is lighted by an upper tier of windows, such as the towers

Lanthorn (lantern), n.

Lantern, Boston Church, Lincolnshire

commonly placed at the junction of the cross in a cruciform church; also a light open erection on the top of a tower.—3. A square cage of carpentry placed over the ridge of a corridor or gallery, between two rows of shops, to illuminate them, as in many public arcades.—4. The upper part of a lighthouse where the light is shown.— Chinese lantern, a lantern made of thin paper, usually variously coloured, much used in illuminations.—Dark lantern is one with a single opening, which may be closed so as to conceal the light.—Magic lantern, an optical contrivance by which painted images are represented so much magnified as to appear like the effect of magic. See under MAGIC. Lantern (lan'térn), v. t. 1. To furnish with a lantern; as, to lantern a lighthouse.— | 2. To put to death at or on the lamp-post. [American.] Lantern-fly (lan'térn-fli), n. The English name of Folgora lanternaria, a hemipterous insect of South America which emits a

Lantern-fly (Fulgora lanternaria).

strong light in the dark. It is more than 3 inches in length, and 5 across the wings.

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trundles, or spindles on which the teeth of the main wheel act. The ends of the trundles being fixed in two parallel circular boards or |...} the wheel has the form of a box or lantern, whence the name.

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Spur and Lantern wheels.

same as Lantern, 2 (b). H. Walpole. Lanthani Lanthanum (lan-tha’ni-um. lan'tha-num), n. (Gr. lanthand, to conceal. 1 Sym. La. At. wt. 92. A rare metal discovered by Mosander, associated with didymium in the oxide of cerium, and so named from its properties being concealed, as it were, by those of cerium. An old spelling of Lantern, due to an erroneous conception of the origin of the word, as if its termination were a corruption of horn, horn being formerly much used in the construction of lanterns. Lantify to (lanti-fi), r.t. To moisten with lant or urine; hence, to moisten or mix.

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forms lanier, laniard, from Fr. lamiere, a

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L.APIDARIOUS

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warmness in religion. Laophis (la'o-fis), n. (Gr. laas, a rock, and ophis, a serpent.] A fossil serpent allied to the rattlesnake, whose remains are met with | i. the tertiary deposits. It was about 10 feet ong. | Lap (lap). n. [A. Sax lappa, lappa; D. and Dan. lap, Sw, lapp, G. lappen, a lap, a loose flap, lappen, to hang loose; probably akin to E. lap, to lickup, and lip; G. labbe, a hanging lip, &c. See LAP, to lick.) 1. The loose part of a coat; the lower part of a garment that hangs loosely. At first he tells a lie with some shame and reluctancy. . . . For then, if he cuts off but a lap of Truth's garment, his heart sinutes him. Puller. 2. The part of clothes that lies on the knees when a person sits down; hence, the knees or upper part of the legs in this position. Men expect that . . . happiness should drop into their oras. Tootson. 3. The part of one body which lies on and covers a part of another; as, the lap of a slate in roofing.—4. A piece of brass, lead, or other soft metal, usually in the form of a wheel or disk, and which is made to revolve rapidly, used to hold a cutting or polishing powder in cutting glass, gems, and the like, or in polishing cutlery, &c.— 5. A roll or sliver of cotton, wool, or the like, for feeding the cards of a carding machine. Lap (lap), v. t. pret & pp. lapped, sometimes lapt; ppr. lapping. [In senses 3 and 4 comp. O. E. whap, to wrap, and see ENVELOPE.] 1. To ...' to bend and lay over or on ; as, to lap a piece of cloth. –2. To lay one thing partly above another; as, to lap boards or shingles - 3. To wrap or twist round. About the paper . I safzed several times a slender thread. Mewton. 4. To infold; to involve. Her garment spreads, and laps him in the folds. Adryden.

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5. To polish or cut with a lap; as, to lap a gen. Lap (lap), v.i. To be spread or laid; to be turned over. The upper wings are opacous; at their hinder ends, where they ora over, transparent like the wing of a fly. Grew. Lap (lap), p. i. pret. & pp. lapped, sometimes lapt; ppr. lapping. [A. Sax. lapian, lappian, Icel. lepja, O.D. lappen, lapen, L.G. lappen, to lap or lick up; allied to L. lambo, Gr. lapto-to o lick. See LAP, part of a coat. The Fr. laper, to lick, is borrowed from this stem.] 1. To take up liquor or food with the tongue; to feed or drink by licking. The dogs by the river Nilus' side being thirsty, so hastily as they run along the shore. Sir A. Door. 2. To make a sound like that produced by taking up water by the tongue. I heard the ripple washing in the reeds, And the wild waters oping on the crag. Tennyront. Lap (lap), v.t. To take into the mouth with the tongue; to lick up. They'll take suggestion as a cat laps milk. Shak.

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