Imágenes de páginas





Natatory (nā'ta-to-ri), a. Enabling to swim; national trait or character. ---3. In Ireland, vens, particularly of the twelve houses, at

adapted for the purpose of swimming; as, the political programme of the party that the moment when a person was born, and natatory organs.

desires more or less complete separation called also the Horoscope. --To cast a naNatch (nach), n. (O.Fr. nache, It. natica, from Great Britain.

tivity is to draw out a scheme of the heavens from L. natis, the rump.] The part of an ox Nationalist (na'shon-al-ist), n. 1. In theol. at the moment of birth, and calculate acbetween the loins, near the rump.-Natch one who holds to the election of nations in cording to rules the future influence of the bone, the rump-bone or aitchbone.

contradistinction to that of individuals. - predominant stars. Nates (nā'tēz), n. pl. (L.) The buttocks. 2. In Ireland, a supporter of Nationalism. Natrolite (nā'trol-it), n. (Natron (which Nathless,t Natheless † (nāTH'les, nā'The Nationality, (na-shon-al'i-ti), n..

1. The ag

see), and Gr. lithos, a stone.) A zeolite of les), adv. [A. Sax. nitheles--oud, thy, læs, gregate of the qualities that distinguish a the mesotype group, so called on account not the less, lit. not by that or on that ac nation; national character.-2. The quality of the great quantity of soda it contains. count less.] Nevertheless; not the less; of being national or strongly attached to It occurs in trap-rocks, and consists of 48 notwithstanding one's own nation or countrymen.

silica, 26 alumina, 16 soda, and 10 water. The torrid clime He could not but see in them that nationality

Iron natrolite has one-fourth of the alumina Smote on him sore besides, vaulted with fire:

which I believe no liberal Scotchman will deny. replaced by iron. Nathless he so endured. Milton.


Natron (na'tron), n. (Fr.and Sp.natron, from Nathmore,+ Nathemoret (nāth'mor, nā' 3. The people constituting a nation as deter

Ar. natrun, native carbonate of soda : same THé-mör), adv. [A. Sax, na, thy, and more. mined by conmon language and character;

word as nitre.] (Na, CO,10 H,0.) Native See NATHLESS.) Not the more; never the a nation; a race of people; as, I do not

carbonate of soda, or mineral alkali. It is more. know of what nationality he is.

found in the ashes of several marine plants, But nathomore would that corageous Swayne

For some years past few phrases have been so often in some lakes, as in the lakes of Egypt, and To her yeeld passage 'gainst his lord to go. Spenser. used in political writings as that of the rights of

in some mineral springs. Called also Trona, Natica (nat'i-ka), n. (L. nato, to swim.) A

nationalities,' though there is far from being any
general understanding as to what a nationality is, or

Natter (nat'èr), v... (Closely allied to Icel. genus of gasteropodous Mollusca, in which

what the rights claimed for it are. H. S. Edwards. knetta, to grumble, gnadda, to murmur.) the shell is globose and ventricose, the 4. Separate existence as a nation; national

To chatter peevishly. (Obsolete and Scotch.j operculum shelly, the umbilicus open, with

unity and integrity. 'Institutions calculated Natterjack, Natterjack Toad (nat'er-jak, a central gibbous ridge or prominence. The to ensure the preservation of their nation

nat'èr-jak tod), n. Bufo calamita, a spespecies are numerous. See NATICIDÆ. ality,' H. S. Edwards.

cies of toad abundant in various parts of Naticidæ (na-tis'i-dē), n. pl. A family of Nationalize (na'shon-al-iz), v.t. pret. & pp.

England. Its colour is light yellowish, ingasteropodous molluscs, characterized by a nationalized; ppr. nationalizing. 1. To make

clining to brown, and clouded with dull globular shell of few whorls, with shortened national; as, to nationalize an institution.

olive, and it has a bright yellow line runspire, the outer lip acute, and pillar often 2. To give the character and habits of a

ning along the middle of the back. It does callous. The foot is very large, and the nation to, or the peculiar attachments which

not leap or crawl with the slow pace of the mantle hides more or less of the shell. belong to citizens of the same nation; as,

common toad, but its motion is more like Natica is the type genus. to nationalize a foreign colony.

running, whence it has also the name of Nation (nā'shon), n. (L. natio, from natus, Nationally (na'shon-al-li), adv. In a na

Walking Toad or Running Toad. It has a born, nascor, to be born.] 1. A people intional manner or way; with regard to the

deep and hollow voice, which may be heard habiting a certain extent of territory, and

nation; as a whole nation.

The Jews ...

at a great distance. united by common political institutions. being nationally espoused to God by cove

Nattes (nat'tēz), n. [Fr. natte, a mat, a 2. An aggregation of persons of the same South

hassock;L matta, a nant.' ethnological family, and speaking the same Nationalness (na'shon-al-nes), n. State of

mat, by the change or a cognate language. --3. A division of being national. Johnson.

of m into n: comp. students according to their place of birth Native (nā’tiv), a. (L. nativus, born, innate,

Fr. nappe, from L for voting purposes, as in the Universities natural, native, from nascor, natus, to be

mappa; nefle, from of Aberdeen and Glasgow, and formerly in born.) 1.7 Coming into existence by birth;

mespilus, &c.] A the University of Paris.-4. A great number; having an origin; born.

name given to an a great deal, by way of emphasis.

ornament used in Anaximander's opinion is that the gods are native, What a nation of herbs he had procured to mollify rising and vanishing again.


the decoration of her humour ! Sterne,

surfaces in the 2. Pertaining to or connected with one's 5.7 Family. Chaucer.-Law of nations. Same

architecture of the birth, or with the place or circumstances of as International Law. See under INTER

twelfth one's birth; as, native land; native language.

century. NATIONAL, a.

Nattes, Bayeux Cathedral. from

resemNation (ná'shon), a. Immense; enormous. 3. Conferred by birth; derived from origin;

blance to the inborn with; not artificial or acquired;

as, (Provincial English and American.)

terlaced withs of matting. native simplicity, grace, genius, and the Nation (ná'shon), adv. Very; extremely;

like; natural.

Nattily (nat'i-li), adv. In a natty manner; as, a nation long way. [Provincial Eng

sprucely; tidily. (Colloq.]

The members, retired to their homes, reassume lish and American. ] the native sedateness of their temper.

Nattiness (nat'i-nes), n. State of being

Swift. National (na'shon-al), a. Pertaining to

natty or neat. [Colloq.] 4. Cognate; congenial; kindred. "To join Natty (nat'i), a. (Perhaps from neat.] Neat; a nation; common to a whole people or

like likes and kiss like native things.' Shak. race; public; general; as, national cus

tidy; nice; spruce. (Colloq.] (Rare.)-5. Connected by birth; resulting Natural (nat'ū-ral), a. (0. Fr. natural, toms, language, dress, interests, calamities, &c.; the writer betrayed a strong national

from birth; belonging to by virtue of birth. Mod. Fr. naturel, from L. naturalis, from bias; the candidate showed that he had

'Ere her native king shall falter under foul natura, nature, from nascor, to be born or

rebellion's arms.' Shak. “Though I am nanational and not merely provincial interests

produced. See NATURE.) 1. Pertaining to to vindicate. - National air, in music, a tive here, and to the manner born.' Shak. nature; produced or effected by nature;

not popular tune peculiar to or characteristic

6. Occurring in nature pure or unmixed with artificial, acquired, or assumed; determined

other substances : said of mineral bodies. of a particular nation; specifically, that

by nature; conferred by nature; normal; as, tune which by national selection or consent

Silver is common native, and also in combination the natural growth of plants or animals;


with sulphur, &c. is usually sung or played on certain public

natural strength or disposition; the natural occasions, as "God save the Queen' in Eng. Native (nă'tiv), n. 1. One born in a place or heat of the body; natural colour; natural land, Hail! Columbia' in America, the country; a person or thing which derives its beauty. A wretch whose natural gifts • Marseillaise' in France, the 'Emperor's

origin from a place or country.-2. Natural were poor.' Shak.-2. In conformity with Hymn' in Austria, &c.-National Church, source; origin.

the laws of nature; according to the stated the established church of a country or na

The accusation,

course of things; regulated by the laws which

All cause unborn, could never be the native tion. In England the national church is of our so frank donation.


govern events, actions, sentiments,&c.; hapProtestant and Episcopalian, the sovereign

pening in the ordinary course of things withbeing the head and supreme governor; in

[Some modern editions read here motive.) out the intervention of accident or violence; Scotland the national church is Protestant 3. An oyster raised in an artificial bed. Such

as, misery is the natural consequence of and Presbyterian. The sovereign claims to

oysters are considered far superior to those críme; a natural death. "There is somesit by a commissioner as head of the General

dredged from the natural beds. The name thing in this more than natural.' Shak. Assembly, the supreme church court.-Na

would seem to be more appropriate to the 3. Connected with or relating to the existtional debt, the sum which is owing by a govlatter.

ing system

of things ; treating of or derived ernment to individuals who have advanced Natively, (nā'tiv-li), adv. By birth; natu

from the creation, as known to man, or the money to the government for public purrally; originally.

world of matter and mind; belonging to poses, either in the anticipation of the pro We wear hair which is not natively, our own,


nature; as, natural philosophy or history; duce of particular branches of the revenue, Nativeness (nā’tiv-nes), n. State of being

natural religion or theology; natural laws. or on credit of the general power which the native or produced by nature.

I call that natural religion which men might know government possesses of levying the sums Nativism (nā'tiv-izm), 12. The disposition

... by the mere principles of reason, improved by necessary to pay interest for the money borto favour those of native birth in preference

consideration and experience, without the help of revelation.

Bp. Wilkins. rowed or to repay the principal. - National

to those of foreign origin. Goodrich. [Recent Guard of France, an armed organization of American.)

4. According to life and reality; not strained the inhabitants of towns or districts for local defence,differing mainly from the militia and Nativity (na-tiv'i-ti), n. 1. A coming into

or affected; without affectation artificiality, life or the world; birth. --The nativity, the or exaggeration; true to the life. volunteers of Britain in that it was at the disbirth of Christ.

On the stage he was natural, simple, affecting; posal of the respective municipalities rather

At my nativity

'Twas only that when he was off he was acting. than of the crown. After the suppression of The front of heaven was full of fiery shapes. Shak.

Goldsmith. the communal revolt in Paris (1871) the 2. The circumstances attending birth, as

5. Obedient to the normal impulses of naNational Assembly decreed the dissolution time, place, and manner.

ture; affectionate; kind. “In his love toward of the National Guard.-National schools,

her ever most kind and natural.' Shak.schools organized and supported to a greater

They say there is divinity in odd numbers, either in nativity, chance, or death.


6. Born out of wedlock; illegitimate; basor less extent by government.

Thy birth and thy nativity is of the land of Canaan. tard; as, a natural son. 7. Connected by Nationalism (na'shon-al-izm), n. 1. The

Ezek. xvi. 3 the ties of nature or of consanguinity. 'A state of being national; nationality.-2. An 3. A picture representing the birth of Christ. secret and villanous contriver against me idiom or phrase peculiar to a nation; a 4. In astrol, a scheme or figure of the hea his natural brother.' Shak.-8. In a state




of nature; unrenewed from sin; unregener 2. One versed in natural history.-3. One One touch of nature makes the whole world kin. ated. who holds the theory or doctrine of natur

Shak. The natural man receiveth not the things of the alism; & deist or atheist.

3. The inherent qualities of anything; the Spirit of God. 1 Cor. ii. 14 Naturalistic (natū-ral-ist"ik), a. 1. Per

essential qualities or attributes which con9. In math, a term applied to a function or taining to the doctrines of naturalism.

stitute it what it is, as distinct from others; number belonging to, to be taken in, or re 2. In accordance with nature; following or

as, the nature of the soul; human nature; ferred to some system in which the base is based on natural objects; as, a naturalistic

divine nature; the nature of a circle or an 1; as, natural numbers, those commencing style of ornamentation in architecture.

angle. When we speak of the nature of at 1; natural sines, cosines, &c., those Naturalityt (nat-ū-ral'i-ti), n. The state

man we understand the peculiar constitutaken in arcs whose radii are 1.-10.In music, of being natural.

tion of his body or mind, or the qualities (a) a term applied to the diatonic or norNaturalization (natū-ral-iz-ā"shon), n. (See

which distinguish him from other animals. mal scale of C. (See SCALE.) (6) Applied NATURALIZE.] The act of naturalizing or

When we speak of the nature of a man, or to an air or modulation of harmony which state of being naturalized; specifically, in

an individual of the race, we mean the pemoves by easy and smooth transitions, law, the act of placing an alien in the con

culiar temperament of his body, or the changing gradually or but little into nearly dition (that is, investing him with the rights

affections of his mind, his natural appetites, related keys. (c)Applied to music produced and privileges) of a natural subject. By the

passions, disposition, or temper. Henceby the voice, as distinguished from instruNaturalization Act of 1870 an alien resident

4. Disposition of mind; temper; individual mental music. (d) Applied to the harmoin the United Kingdom for a term of not

constitution; personal character; natural nics or over-tones given off by any vibrating less than five years, or who has been in the

endowments opposed to acquired: somebody over and above its original sound. service of the crown for not less than five

times applied metonymically to the person Natural history, originally a history or deyears, may apply to the secretary of state

so endowed; as, we should look up to a suscription of nature in its widest sense, com for a certificate of naturalization, and on

perior nature. prehending the sciences of (a) biology, or giving evidence of particulars may obtain

His nature is too noble for the world. Shak. the science of living beings, that is, zoology it. This certificate entitles the alien to all Hence-5. Quality; sort; kind; species. 'Of and botany; (6) chemistry; (C) physics or political and other rights, powers, and privi a strange nature is the suit you follow.' natural philosophy; (d) geology and miner. leges to which a natural-born British sub Shak. alogy, including palæontology, or the science ject is entitled.

A dispute of this nature caused a mischief to a of fossils. In a narrower sense the term, Naturalize (nat'ū-ral-īz), v.t. pret. & pp. king and an archbishop.

Dryden, as now commonly employed, applies collec

naturalized; ppr, naturalizing. 1. To make tively to the sciences of zoology and botany;

6. The vital powers of man; human life; natural; to render easy and familiar by cusand it has been still further restricted to

vitality. tom and habit. designate the science of zoology alone.

Till the foul crimes done in my days of nature He rises fresh to his hammer and anvil ; custom Are burnt and purged away.

Shak. Natural liberty. See LIBERTY. — Natural has naturalised Iris labours to him.

Soutk. obligation. See OBLIGATION. - Natural or

Nature in you stands on the very verge 2. To confer the rights and privileges of a

Of her contine.

Shak. der, in bot. an order belonging to the natural system of classification, in contradistinction

native subject or citizen upon; to adopt 7. Natural affection.
into a nation or state.-3. To accustom or

Have we not seen to one of an artificial system devised for

habituate to a climate; to acclimatize. - The murdering son ascend his parent's bed, the mere convenience of the student. In 4. To receive or adopt as native, natural, or

Through violated nature force his way? Pope. this system all the organs must be taken into consideration, and the affinity of any vernacular; to make our own; as, to na

8. That which is conformed to nature, or to two or more plants will be determined by Naturalize (natū-ral-iz), v.i. 1. To become turalize foreign words.

truth and reality, as distinguished from that

which is artificial, forced, or remote from the agreement or disagreement first in the like a native.

actual experience. more important organs and then in the less

I have naturalized here (in London) perfectly, Only nature can please those tastes which are unimportant. - Natural persons, in law, such and have been more kindly received than is good for prejudiced and refined.

Addison. as we are formed by the Deity, opposed to

my modesty to remember.

Jeffrey. artificial persons, who are formed into cor

-To go the way of nature, to pay the debt 2. To explain phenomena by natural laws, porations by human laws for purposes of

of nature, and similar phrases, to die. to the exclusion of the supernatural.

He's walked the way of nature. Shak. society and government. - Natural philoso

We see how far the mind of an age is infected by phy, originally, the study of nature in gen

this naturalizing tendency.

H. Bushnell.

Laws of nature, those generalizations eral; but now more commonly restricted to

which express the order observed in the designate that branch of physical science Naturally (natsū-ral-i), adv. In a natural which treats of those properties and phemanner: (a) according to nature; by the

phenomena of nature. nomena of bodies which are unaccompanied force or impulse of nature; not by art or

Nature and nature's laws lay hid in night,

God said, 'Let Newton be,' and all was light. Pope. by an essential change in the bodies them

habit; as, he was naturally eloquent. (6) selves. It thus includes the various sciences

According to nature; without affectation; -In a state of nature, (a) naked as when

with just representation; according to life. born; nude. classed under physics. See PHYSICS. - Natu

(6) In theol. in a state of sin; ral science, a term employed in much the

unregenerated.-Good nature, natural good

Was aptly fitted and naturally performed. Shak. temper. -Il nature, natural bad temper. same signification as natural history in its widest sense, and used in contradistinction (c) According to the usual course of things;

Laio of nature, or natural law, in a moral to mental, moral, or mathematical science. as, the effect or consequence naturally fol

sense, is that sense of justice and that feelNatural selection. See SELECTION. lows. (d) Spontaneously; without art or

ing of right and wrong experienced by every Natural (nat'ő-ral), n. 1. One born without


human being, and which has been emphatithe usual powers of reason or understand There is no place where wheat naturally grows.

cally described as a law written by the fin

ger of God on the heart of man. ing; an idiot; a fool. No more capable of Naturalness (natū-ral-nes), n. The state Nature (nā'tūr), a. Natural; growing sponreasoning than a perfect natural.' Locke. 2.1 A native; an original inhabitant.

taneously; as, nature grass; nature hay. The

of being natural: (a) the state of being given inhabitants and naturals of the place.' Abp.

or produced by nature; as, the naturalness (Scotch.) Abbot-3.1 A gift of nature; natural quality.

of desire. (6) Conformity to nature, or to Naturet (nā'tūr), v.t. To endow with natu

truth and reality; absence of affectation; ral qualities. To consider them in their pure naturals, the earl's

"He which natureth every intellectual faculties were his strongest part, and the

as, the naturalness of a person's behaviour. kynde.' Gower. duke, his practical.

Wotton. Nature (nă'tūr), n. (Fr., from L. natura, Natureless (nā'tūr-les), a. Not consonant 4. In music, a character marked thus \, the from the stem of natus (for gnatus), born,

with nature; unnatural. Milton. use of which is to make a sharpened note a

produced, from root gna or gan, seen in Nature-printing (nå'tūr-print-ing), n. A seritone lower, and a flattened one a semi E. know, can, ken, kin; Skr. jan, to produce; process by which objects, such as plants, tone higher. The power of this character, L. gigno, to beget; Gr. gignomai, to be born mosses, ferns, lace, &c., are impressed on a however, does not extend beyond the bar (the last two being reduplicated forms). ]

metal plate so as to engrave themselves, in which it appears, except where a lasting

i. In a general sense, the universe, as contra copies or casts being then taken for printchange of key is intended, when it forms, as

distinguished from the Creator; whatever ing. The object is placed between a plate it were, part of a new signature.

exists or is produced without artificial of copper and one of lead, which are passed Natural-born (nat'ù-ral-born), a. Native means; the system of things of which our between heavy rollers, when a perfect im

in a country; not alien; as, natural-born selves are a part; the world of matter, or of pression is made on the leaden plate. subjects. Blackstone.

matter and mind; the creation, especially Naturism (nā'tür-izm), n. In med. a view Naturalesque (nat'u-ral-esk), a. In ornam. that part of it by which man is more imme which attributes everything to nature. preserving pretty closely the characteristics

diately surrounded, and which affects his Dunglison. (Rare.) of natural objects; as, designed in a natural

organs, as mountains, seas, rivers, woods, Naturist (nā'tūr-ist), n. One who ascribes esque style.

animals, and the like.

everything to nature. Boyle; Dunglison, Naturaism (nat'ü-ral-izm), n. 1. Mere state Nature in the abstract is the aggregate of the Naturity (nā-tür'i-ti), n. The quality or of nature.-2. In theol. (a) the doctrine that powers and properties of all things. Nature means state of being produced by nature. Sir T. the existence of a supreme being and his

the sum of all phenomena, together with the causes Browne.

which produce them; including not only all that attributes, and our relations to him, may

Naturize (nā'tūr-iz), v.t. To endow with

happens, but all that is capable of happening; the be inferred from observing nature without unused capabilities of causes being as much a part

a nature or special qualities. B. Jonson. the aid of revelation; natural religion. Nat

of the idea of nature, as those which take effect. Nauclea (náklē-a), n. (Gr. naus, a ship,

3. S. Mill. and kleiö, to inclose, from the half capsule uralism in this sense may coexist with or

2. By a metonymy of the effect for the cause, thodox theology, and support it. (6) The

being hull-shaped.] A genus of plants, nat. doctrine that all the operations in the uni.

nature is used for the agent, creator, author, order Rubiaceæ, containing about thirty verse, moral as well as physical, are carried

producer of things, or for the powers that species, natives of tropical Asia and Oceania. on in accordance with fixed laws, and with

carry on the processes of the creation; the They are nearly allied to Uncaria, differing out the interference of any supernatural

total of all agencies and forces, often con in the flowers being sessile. They are trees

ceived of as a single and separate force. power, and that consequently there is no

or shrubs, with usually large sessile or In this sense sometimes opposed to superefficacy in prayer, no miracles or revelations.

stalked leaves and globose heads of small

natural agency. Naturalist (natú-ral-ist), n. 1. One versed

yellow flowers.

And there is in this business more than nature in natural science.

Naufraget (na'frāj), n. (L. naufragiumWas ever conduct of.

Shak. Tell me, ye naturalists, who sounded the first

navis, a ship, and frango, to break.] Shipmarch and retreat to the tide, Hither shalt thou

Sometimes to human institutions and ten wreck. Guilty of the ruin and naufrage, come and no further?'


and perishing of infinite subjects.' Bacon.

That part

[blocks in formation]

ng, sing;

TH, then; th, thin;

w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.-See KEY.




may be.

The qua

Naufragiatet (na-frä'ji-át), v.t.

To ship

Nauseant(na'shē-ant), n. A substance which minates in the smallest chamber at the wreck. Lithgow. produces nausea.

inner extremity of the shell. These internal Naufragoust (ng'fra-gus), a. [L. naufragus. Nauseate (na'shē-at), v.i. pret. & pp. nause chambers contain only air. By means of See NAUFRAGE.] Causing shipwreck. That ated; ppr. nauseating. [L. nauseo.) To the siphuncle the animal is enabled to sink tempestuous, and oft-naufragous sea.' Jer, become squeamish; to feel nausea; to be itself or to swim. See cut of Nautilus under Taylor. inclined to reject from the stomach.

art. TETRABRANCHIATA.-2. A loose popular Naught (nat), n. [A. Sax, naht, noht, more

We are apt to nauseate at very good meat when name applied to the shells of several diffully ndwiht, from ne, the negative par we know that an ill cook did dress it. Bp. Reynolds. ferent genera of mollusca. The animal ticle, and dwiht, aught, itself a compound Nauseate (na'shē-at), v.t. 1. To loathe; to

which is said to sail in its shell upon the (see AUGHT). It means, lit., not or never a reject with disgust.

surface of the water is the paper nautilus whit, and not is the same word in a still The patient nauscates and loathes wholesome foods.

or argonaut (Argonauta Argo). See ARGOmore abbreviated form.] Nought; nothing.

Sir R. Blackmore.

NAUT. — 3. A form of diving - bell which -To set at naught, to slight, disregard, or Old age, with silent pace, comes creeping on, requires no suspension, sinking and rising despise.

Nauseates the praise which in her youth she won. by means of condensed air.- Nautilus pro

Dryden. Naughtt(nat), adv. In no degree; not at 2. To affect with disgust; to cause to feel

peller, a hydraulic device for propelling all; not.

ships. Water is admitted into a waternausea. To wealth or sovereign power he naught applied.

tight compartment in the bottom of the Fairfax. He let go his hold and turned from her as if he

vessel, in which is a horizontal turbineI saw how that his houndes have him caught,

were nauseated.


wheel rotated by a vertical shaft from the And freten him, for that they knew him naught,

Nauseation (na-shē-a'shon), n. The condi-

engine. The rotation of the wheel impels Naught (nąt), a. 1. Worthless; of no value

tion of being nauseated, or the act of nause the water through two pipes outwardly to or account. Things naught and things inating. Bp. Hall.

each side of the ship, where it escapes through different.' Hooker. -2. Naughty; bad; vile.

Nauseative(ng'shē-at-iv), a. Causing nausea two nozzles which may be directed either

or loathing No man can be stark naught at once. Fuller.

toward the bow or stern of the vessel, causing Nauseous (na'shus), a. Exciting or fitted

her either to go ahead or back, as the case 3. Lost; ruined.

to excite nausea; loathsome; disgusting; Go, get you to your house, begone, away! regarded with abhorrence: in a weaker Navagium (na-vaj'i-um), n. (L. navis, a All will be naught else.

sense, distasteful.

ship.] A duty on certain tenants to carry Naughtily (nąt'i-li), adv. In a naughty

Those trifles, wherein children take delight, their lord's goods in a ship. Dugdale. manner: (a)t wickedly; corruptly. (b) Per Grow nauseous to the young man's appetite. versely; mischievously said of children, Nauseously (na'shus-li), adv. Ina nauseous

Sir . Denham.

Naval (nā'val), a. (L. navalis, from navis,

a ship; cog. Gr. naus, Skr. naus, from a and now the only use of the word.

root nu for snu, meaning to float, to glide, Naughtiness (nat'i-nes), n. 1. The state manner; loathsomely; disgustfully.

to flow.) 1. Consisting of ships; as, a naval or condition of being naughty; wickedness; Nauseousness (na'shus-nes), n.

force or armament.-- 2. Pertaining to a navy evil principle or purpose. lity or state of being nauseous; loathsome

or to ships; as, naval stores. -- Naval officer, ness; quality of exciting disgust. I know thy pride and the naughtiness of thine heart.

one belonging to the royal navy; in the 1 Sam. xvii. 28. The nauseousness of such company disgusts a

United States, an officer who assists the 2. Perverseness; mischievousness; misbe

Dryden. reasonable man.

custom-house collector in collecting the cushaviour, as of children: now the sole use of Nautch (nach), n. In the East Indies, an

toms on importations. - Naval crown, among the word. entertainment which consists chiefly in wit

the ancient Romans, a crown adorned with Naughtly t (nətli), adv. Naughtily; cor nessing dancing by professional performers

figures of prows of ships, and conferred ruptly. called nautch-girls.

either on a naval commander who gained Well, thus did I for want of better wit. Nautch-girl (nạch'gerl), n. In the East

any signal victory or on the one who first Because my parents naughtly brought me up. Indies, one who performs in a nautch; a Mir for Mags. native dancing-girl.

boarded an enemy's ship. In her. the naval Naughty (nąt'i),a. (From naught.) 1. Worth

crown is formed with the sterns and square less; good for nothing; bad.

They caught them round the waists, and began to sails of ships placed alternately upon the

haul them about as if they were nautch-girls. The other basket had very nangkty figs.

W. H. Russell.

circle or fillet. - Naval, Nautical. Naral Jer. xxiv. 2. Nautic (na'tik), a. Same as Nautical, but

is more especially applied to what pertains 2. Wicked; corrupt. obsolete or only poetical.

to a ship or a navy, its crew, equipments, tacA naughty person, a wicked man, walketh with a Nautical (nartik-al), a. (L. nauticus, from

tics, &c. ; nautical to what pertains to the froward mouth

Prov, vi. 12.
nauta, a seaman, for navita, from navis, a

science or art of navigation. --Syn. Nautical, 3. Mischievous; bad; very wrong; as, a ship. See NAVAL.) Pertaining to seamen marine, maritime. naughty child; naughty conduct. [The word or navigation; as, nautical skill; a nautical Navalst (nā'valz), n. pl. Naval affairs. is not now used except in this sense, as ap almanac. See ALMANAC. - Nautical dis

'In Cromwell's time, whose navals were plied to children, or in mock censure. )-- tance, the arc of a rhumb line intercepted much greater than had ever been in any 4. Unfit; unfavourable. . 'Tis a naughty between any two places. Nautical day.

age. Clarendon. night to swim in.' Shak.

See Day.--Nautical mile. See MILE.-Na- Navarch (nã'värk), n. [Gr. nauarchosNaughty-packt (ngt'i-pak), n. A term of val, Nautical. See NAVAL.

naus, a ship, and archē, rule.] In Greek abuse or reproach applied either to male or Nautically (na'tik-al-i), adv. In a nautical antiq. the commander of a fleet. female.

manner; in matters pertaining to naviga- Navarchy (nă'vär-ki), n. Knowledge of manHe called me ... the vilest nicknames, as if I had tion.

aging ships; nautical skill or experience. been an arrant naughty-pack.


Nautilidæ, Nautilacea (na-til'i-dē, ną-ti Navarchy, and making models for buildNaulaget (nal'āj), n. (L. naulum, Gr. nar la'sē-a), n. pl. [Nautilus (which see).) A fa ings and riggings of ships.' Sir W. Pettie. lon, passage-money, fare, from naus, a ship.] mily of cephalopodous molluscs, constitut Navarrese (nav-a-rēz'), a. Pertaining to The freight or passage-money for goods or ing with the Ammonitidæ or ammonite

Navarre. persons by sea or passage over a river. family the order Tetrabranchiata. The septa Navarrese (nav-a-rēz'), n. sing. and pl. A Bailey. of the shell are simple, curved, or slightly

native or inhabitant of Navarre. Naumachy, Naumachia (na'ma-ki, na-ma' lobed; the sutures are more or less plain, Nave (năv), n. (A. Sax. nafu, nafa; cog. ki-a), n. (L. naumachia; Gr. naumachiaand the siphuncle is central, sub-central, or

D. nave, naaf, Dan. nav, Icel, nöf, G. nabe, naus, a ship, and maché, fight.] 1. A naval internal. The family is divided into two

the middle of a wheel. Navel is a dim. from combat; a sea-fight. sections: (a) the Nautilidæ proper and (0)

this word, and auger is partly derived from And now the naumachie begins the Orthoceratido. The most important

it.] 1. The thick piece of timber in the Close to the surface. Lovelace. typical forms of the family are the genera

centre of a wheel in which the spokes are 2. In Rom. antiq. a show or spectacle repre Nautilus and Orthoceras (which see).

inserted. Called also the Hub or Hob. senting a sea-fight.—3. The place where these Nautilite (na'til-īt), n. Any fossil shell, ap

2. The navel He unseam'd him from the shows were exhibited.

parently allied to the existing nautilus. have to the chaps.' Shak. Naumannite (na'man-īt), n. [ From the Nautiloid (na'til-oid), a. (L. nautilus(which Nave (nāv), n. (Lit. ship, from O.Fr. nare mineralogist Naumann.] A native selenide see), and Gr. eidos, likeness.] Resembling the

(Mod. Fr. nef), It. nave, from L. navis, a of silver and lead, occurring in cubical crys nautilus: a term applied to the many

ship. The Germans translate it by their tals, granular, and in thin plates. chambered shells, or rather cell-cases, of

own word schiff, a ship.) The middle part, Nauplius-form (na'pli - us-form), n. In those foraminifera whose coils present ex

lengthwise, of a church, extending from the physiol. the earliest stage in the development ternally a resemblance to the nautilus. western entrance to the transept, or to the of many Crustacea. In this stage the animal Page.

choir or chancel, according to the nature has an ovate unsegmented body, a median Nautiloid (na'til-oid), n. That which has the

and extent of the church; the part between

the aisles. See CATHEDRAL and CHURCH. eye, and three pairs of limbs, of which the form of the nautilus. first is simple, the other two biramose. This Nautilus (ną' til - us), n. [Gr. nautilos, a

Nave-hole (nāv'hol), 12. The hole in the form of the common fresh-water cyclops was sailor, also a nautilus, from naus, a ship. )

centre of a gun-truck for receiving the end described as a distinct genus under the name 1. A genus of cephalopods, with polythala

of the axle-tree. Admiral Smyth. of Nauplius. This form is regarded as the mous or many-chambered cells. The shell Navel (nå'vl), n. (A. Sax. nafel, nafol; D. primitive form of all crustaceans. of the pearl nautilus (N. pompilius) is a

navel, Dan. navle, Icel. nafie, G. nabelNauropometer (na-ro-pom'e-tér), 11. [Gr. spiral, with smooth sides.

The turns are

navel; dim. forms from words signifying naus, a ship, ropë, inclination, metron, a contiguous, the outer side covering the nave of a wheel.] 1. A cicatrix in the centre measure.] An instrument for measuring inner. The chambers are separated by

of the abdomen, the point where the umthe amount of a ship's heel or inclination transverse septa, which are concave out

bilical cord passes out of the fetits. The Admiral Smyth. wards, and perforated by a tube passing

umbilical cord is a collection of vessels by Nauscopy (nas'ko-pi), n. [Gr. naus, a ship, through the disk. The nautilus is an in which the fetus communicates with the and skopě, view.) The art or pretended art habitant of the tropical seas. Only three parent by means of the placenta, to which of discovering ships or land at considerable or four recent species are known, though

it is attached. Hence-2. The central point distances.

the fossil species exceed a hundred. The or part of anything; the middle. Nausea (ną'shē-a), n. [L., from Gr. nausia, animal resides in the cavity of its first or Within the navel of this hideous wood, from naus, a ship.] Sea-sickness; hence, external chamber. A siphuncle connects Immured in cypress shades, a sorcerer dwells. any similar sickness of the stomach, accom the body with the air-chambers, passing

Milton. panied with a propensity to vomit; qualm; through an aperture and short projecting - Navel-bolt, in ships, the bolt which secures loathing; squeamishness of the stomach. tube in each transverse septum till it ter & carronade to its slide.-Navel-point, in

at sea




her, the point in a shield between the middle navigates or sails; chiefly, one who directs Naywordt (nä'wėrd), n. 1. A byword; a base point and the fesse point; the nombril the course of a ship, or one who is skilful in proverbial reproach. (which see).

the art of navigation.--2. A navvy: a name If I do not gull him into a nayword, and make him Navel-gall (nā'vl-gal), n. A bruise on the said to have been originally given to the a common recreation, do not think I have wit enough top of the chine of a horse, behind the labourers employed in canal making or in to lie straight in my bed.

Shak. saddle. land navigation, but not now used.

2. A watchword. Navelled (nå' vld), a. Furnished with a Navigerous (na-vij' er-us), a. [L. navis, a And, in any case, have a nayword, that you may navel ship, and gero, to bear. ) Capable of floating know one another's mind.

Shak. Navel-string (nå'vl-string), n.

The um-
ships. Blount. (Rare.]

Nazarean, Nazarene (naz-a-rēn'), n. 1. An bilical cord. See NAVEL.

Navvy (nav'i), n. [Abbrev. from navigator.) inhabitant of Nazareth.-2. A name given Navelwort (ná'vl-wert), n. The popular A common labourer, engaged in such works to Christ, and to the early converts to name given to the British species of the genus as the making of canals or railways. See Christianity, in contempt. Acts xxiv. 5. Cotyledon, nat, order Crassulaceæ (C. Um NAVIGATOR, 2.

3. One of a sect which arose at the end of bilicus), growing upon rocks and old walls. Navy (nå'vi), n. [0. Fr, navie, from L. navis, the first century, during the sojourn of the It is a fleshy plant, with round peltate leaves a ship. See NAVAL.) 1.1 A fleet.

Christians in Pella. They are supposed to and a long raceme of small whitish some My gracious sovereign, on the western coast have retained a judaizing adherence to the what bell-shaped flowers.

Rídeth a puissant nary.

Shak. Mosaic law, and to have held a low opinion Navew (ná'vū),nh. [From O. Fr. naveau, from 2. A collective term for all the ships, or all about the divinity of Christ. LL napellus, a dim. of L. napus, a kind of of a certain class belonging to a country; Nazarite (naz'a-rit), n. A Jew who by certurnip, whence A. Sax. næpe, Sc. neep, a tur as, the mercantile nary of Britain; more tain vows and acts devoted himself to the nip. ) A popular name of the wild turnip especially, the whole of the ships of war be peculiar service of Jehovah for a certain (Brassica campestris). It is an annual plant longing to a nation or monarch; the naval time or for life. Num. vi. 2-21. with a tapering root, glaucous heart-shaped establishment of any country, including the Nazariteship (naz'a-rīt-ship), n. The state leaves, and large pale-yellow flowers, and collective body of ships, officers, men, stores, or condition of being a Nazarite. Goodrich. grows in cornfields.

&c., intended for use in war; in Great Britain Nazaritic (naz-a-rit'ik), a. Pertaining to Navicular (na-vik'ü-lér), a. (L. navicula, distinguished by the title of Royal Navy. Nazaritism.

a little ship, from navis, a ship.) Relating Between 1841 and 1859 steam were gradually Nazaritism (naz'a-rit-izm), n.* The vows or to small ships or boats; shaped like a boat; substituted for sailing vessels in the British practice of the Nazarites. cymbiform. - The naricular bone is the sca navy, and since 1860 armour-plated ships, Naze (náz), n. [See NESS, NOSE.) A prophoid bone of the hand or foot.

armed with guns of enormous calibre, either montory or headland; as, the Naze of Norway. Navigability (nav'i-ga-bil"i-ti), n. The

in broadside or in turrets, have been sub Ne (nē), adv. [A. Sax. ne, no, not; a widely state or condition of being navigable; navi stituted for timber vessels. The iron-clad spread negative particle; comp. Icel, ne, , gableness.

fleet, the most important division of the Goth. and 0.H.G. ni, L. ne, Gr. ne-, Skr. na. Navigable (nav'i-ga-bl), a. (L. navigabilis, navy, is divided into five classes according It occurs in nay, no, nor, &c.) Not; never. from navigo, to sail, from navis, a ship. ) to strength of armour and armament and Yet who was that Belphæbe, he ne wist. Capable of being navigated; affording pas mode of construction. The government of Spenser. Who ne in virtue's ways did take sage to ships; as, a navigable river.

the navy is vested in a board, known as the delight.' Byron. We find it in early EngAlmighty Jove surveys,

Board of Admiralty, the members of which lish writers combined with a following word; Earth, air, and shores, and navigable seas, are styled 'lords commissioners for execut as, nill, for ne will, will not; nas, for ne has,

Dryden. ing the office of lord high admiral.' The has not; nis, for ne is, is not. Navigableness (nav'i-ga-bl-nes), n. The

board consists of five members: the first Net conj. Nor. Ne never for no wele, ne quality or state of being navigable; navi lord, who has supreme authority; the senior for no wo.' Chaucer. gability.

naval lord, who directs the movements of Neaf (nēs), 12. (A Scandinavian word: Sc. Navigably (nav'i-ga-bli), adv. In a navi

the fleets, and is responsible for their dis. neive, Icel. hnefi, nefi, Dan. næve, Sw. gable manner.

cipline; the third lord has the management näfve, the fist.] The fist. Give me your Navigantt (navi-gant), n. A navigator.

of the dockyards, and superintends the neaf, Mounsieur Mustardseed.' Shak. WritHackluyt

building of the ships; the junior naval ten also Neif, Neive, Nieve. [Now obsolete Navigate (nav'i-gát), v.i. pret. & pp. navi

lord deals with the victualling of the fleets except in provincial English and Scotch.) gated; ppr. navigating. (L. navigo, navi

and with the transport department; and Nealt (nél), v. t. [Contr. from anneal (which gatum, from navis, à ship.) To pass on the civil lord, is answerable for the ac see).) To temper by heat; to anneal. Boyle. water in ships; to sail.

counts. Under the board is a financial Nealt (nēl), v.i. To be tempered by heat. The Phænicians navigated to the extremities of secretary, changing, like the five lords, with See ANNEAL. (Rare.) the Western ocean.


the government in power; while the fixed Reduction is chiefly effected by fire, wherein if Navigate (nav'i-gát), v. t. 1. To pass over in administration consists of two permanent they stand and neal, the imperfect metals vapour

away. secretaries and a number of heads of de

Bacon, ships; to sail on. Drusus, the father of the emperor Claudius, was

partments. The highest rank in the active Neap (nép), a. [A. Sax. nép, neap, neap; the first who navigated the Northern ocean.

service is that of admiral, of which there probably akin to Dan knap, Icel. hneppr,

Arbuthnot. are three gradations in the navy, viz. ad strait, narrow, scanty.) Low: applied to 2. To steer, direct, or manage in sailing; as, mirals, vice-admirals, and rear-admirals. those tides which happen in the middle of to navigate a ship.

(See ADMIRAL.) The command of each ship the second and fourth quarters of the moon. Navigation (nav-i-ga'shon), n. L. navigatio. is intrusted to a captain or to a commander, They occur when the attractions of the sun See NAVIGATE.) i. The act of navigating; according to the size of the ship. The navy and moon act on the waters of the ocean in the act of passing on water in ships or other is composed of two bodies of men, seamen directions at right angles to each other. vessels; sailing; as, the navigation of the and marines (see MARINE), and the officers They take place about four or five days benorthern seas. -2. The science or art of con under whose command they are placed are fore the new and full moons. See TIDE. ducting ships or vessels from one place to divided into three classes, viz. commis- Neap (nēp), 1. A neap-tide or the time of another The management of the sails, sioned, warrant, and petty officers.

one. High springs and dead neaps.' Hakerudder, &c., or the working of the ship gen. Navy-bill (nā'vi-bil), n. i. A bill drawn by will. (Rare.] erally, though essential to the practice of an officer of the royal navy for his


&c. Neaped (nēpt), a. Left aground. A ship is navigation, belongs rather to seamanship, 2. A bill issued by the admiralty in payment

said to be neaped, when left aground, parnavigation being more especially the art of of stores for ships and dockyards.

ticularly on the height of a spring-tide, so directing and measuring the course of ships, Nawab (na-wab), n. (Hind.) A viceroy; a that she will not float till the return of the the method of determining the position, deputy; a nabob (which see).

next spring-tide. &c., by the laws of geometry, or by astro- Nawli (nal), n. [For an awl, as neut for an Neapolitan (nė-a-pol'i-tan), a. (L. Neapolis, nomical principles and observations. Navi eut. See NALL.] An awl. To bore their ears Naples.] Belonging to Naples or to its ingation turns chiefly upon four things, two through with a nawl.' Fotherby.

habitants. of which being given or known, the rest are Nay (nā), adv. [Equivalent to ne aye, that Neapolitan (nē-a-pol'i-tan), n. An inhabithence found out. These are the difference is, not ever, not at all, but directly from the tant or native of the city of Naples, formerly of latitude, difference of longitude, the Scandinavian (Icel. and Dan. nei, Sw. nej, also of the kingdom of Naples. reckoning or distance run, and the course no, not), and not from A. Sax. na, no, not. Neap-tide (nep'tid), n. Low tide. See or rhumb sailed on. The places of the sun, Comp. nor, for ne or, not or; neither, for NEAP. moon, planets, and fixed stars are deduced ne either, not either, &c. See NE.) 1. No; Near (nēr), a. [A. Sax, nearra, nêra, nyra, from observation and calculation, and ar a word that expresses negation or refusal. compar. of neah, nigh, near; Icel, nær, nærri, ranged in tables, the use of which is abso Whilst one says only yea, and t'other nay.' Dan, nær, near, nearer; G. näher, nearer.] lutely necessary in reducing observations Sir J. Denham.

1. Nigh; not far distant in place, time, or taken at sea for the purpose of ascertaining I tell you nay: but, except ye repent, ye shall all degree; not far removed; adjacent. the latitude and longitude of the ship, and likewise perish,

Lu. xiii. 5. now I think my time is near.' Tennyson. the variation of the compass. The course 2. Not only so; not this alone; intimating Behold now, this city is near to flce unto. and distance are ascertained by means of that something is to be added by way of

Gen. xix. 20. the log-line, or dead-reckoning, together intensiveness or amplification.

2. Closely related or allied by blood. with the compass. By mathematics the

He catechized the children in his chamber, giving

She is thy father's near kinswoman, Lev. xviii. 12. necessary tables are constructed, and rules liberty, nay invitation, to as many as would to come

3. Intimate; united in close ties of affection investigated for performing the more diffi and hear.

Bp. Fell.

or confidence; familiar; as, a near friend. cult parts of navigation. (See LATITUDE, -To say nay, to deny; to refuse.

4. Affecting one's interest or feelings; touchLONGITUDE, SAILING, &c.)3. Ships in gen The fox made several excuses, but the stork would ing; coming home to one. 'A matter of so eral; shipping. Though the yeasty waves not be said nay.

Sir R. L'Estrange. great and rear concernment.' Locke. confound and swallow navgation up.' Shak. Nayt (na), n. Denial; refusal.

He hath sent me an earnest inviting, which many (Poetical.) -- Aerial navigation, the sailing

There was no nay, but I must in, my near occasions did urge me to put off. Shak. or floating in the air by means of balloons. And take a cup of ale.

W. Brown. --Inland navigation, the passing of boats Nayt (nă), v.t. To say nay; to refuse; to

5. Close; not deviating from an original or

model; observant of style or manner of the or vessels on rivers, lakes, or canals, in the deny.

thing copied; literal. interior of a country; conveyance by boats Naywardt (nā'ward), n. Tendency to denial. Hannibal Caro's, in the Italian, is the nearest or vessels in the interior of a country.

You would believe my saying

and the most sonorous translation of the Aneid. Navigator (nav'i-gåt-ér), n. 1. One that Howe'er you lean to the nayward. Shak.






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6. So as barely to escape injury, danger, or pressed in few and well-chosen words; free which are unlike all other forms of pebulæ,
exposure; close; narrow; as, a near shave; from tawdriness or turgidity; simply ele and seem to consist of fantastic convolu-
near work. 'Long chases and near escapes gant; chaste: said of style. Neat, but not tions of nebulous matter.-3. In her. see
of Tantia Topee.' W. H. Russell.-7. On Horid; easy, and yet lively.' Pope.-4. Pure; NEBULY.
the left: opposed to ojj, in riding or driving; unadulterated; unmixed; as, neat brandy. Nebular (neb'ū-ler), a. Pertaining to neb-
as, the near side; the near fore- leg.

Tuns of sweet old wine, along the wall,

ulæ. -- Nebular hypothesis, a celebrated hy8. Short; serving to bring the object close. Near and divine drink.

Chapman. pothesis which supposes that the bodies *Tow'rd solid good what leads the nearest 5. Complete in character, skill, &c.; exact; composing the solar system once existed in way.' Milton.-9. Close; narrow; niggardly; finished ; adroit; clever; as, a neat piece of the form of a nebula; that this had a revoluparsimonious.

work; a neat trick. “By thy leave, my neat tion on its own axis from west to east; that A near and hard, and hucking chapman shall scoundrel.' B. Jonson.-6. Clear of the cask, the temperature gradually diminishing, and never buy good flesh.


case, wrapper,&c.;with all deductions made; the nebula contracting by refrigeration, the SYN. Nigh, close, adjacent, proximate, con as, neat weight. [In this sense usually written

rotation increased in rapidity, and zones of tiguous, present, ready, intimate, familiar, Net or Nett.] SYN. Nice, pure, cleanly, tidy, nebulosity were successively thrown off in dear. trim, spruce, smart.

consequence of the centrifugal force over-
Near (nēr), prep. At no great distance from; Neat-handed (nēt'hand-ed), a. Using the powering the central attraction. These
close to; nigh.
hands with neatness; clever and tidy; deft;

zones being condensed, and partaking of the
I have heard thee say,

primary rotation, constituted the planets, No grief did ever come so near thy heart. Shak. Herbs, and other country messes,

some of which in turn threw off zones which Near (nēr), adv. 1. Almost at hand, within Which the neat-handed Phyllis dresses, Milton. now form their satellites. The main body a little; in or by close relation or alliance; Nor is he (Bp. Burnet) a neat-handed workman being condensed towards the centre formed

even of that class.

Craik. closely. “They will go near to think their

the sun.
girdles and garters to be bonds and shackles.' Neatherd (nēthérd), n. A person who has Nebule,t n. A small cloud. Chaucer.
Bacon. "The earl of Armagnac near knit to the care of cattle; a cow-keeper. Shak. Nebule-moulding (neb’ūl-mold" ing), n.
Charles.' Shak.-2. Naut, close to the wind: Neat-houset (nēt'hous), n. A house for neat Same as Nebuly-moulding. Guilt.
opposed to of
cattle; a cow-house. Massinger.

Nebulist (neb'ü-list), n. One who upholds
Near (ner), v.č. To approach; to come near; Neatify + (nēt'i-fi), v.t. To render neat. the nebular hypothesis. Page.
as, the ship neared the land.

Nebulose (neb'ū-los), a. Misty; cloudy;
Give up your key

Neat-land (nēt'land), n. In law, land let out foggy; nebulous. Derham.
Unto that lord that neares you. Heywood. to yeomanry. Cowell.

Nebulosity (neb-ū-los'i-ti), n. 1. The state Near (ner), v.i. To approach; to draw near,

Neatly (nětli), adv. In a neat manner: of being nebulous or cloudy; cloudiness;

(a) tidily. Wearing his apparel neatly.' haziness.-2. In astron. the faint misty apA speck, a mist, a shape, I wist ! And still it neared and neared. Coleridge.

Shak. (6) With good taste; without tawdry pearances surrounding certain stars; the

ornaments : as, a lady neatly dressed. state or condition of existing as a nebula. Nearctic (nē-årk’tik), a. (Gr. neos, new, and

Twelve vast French romances neatly gilt.' All the material ingredients of the earth existed in
E, arctic. ] One of the six regions into
which zoologists divide the surface of the

Pope. (c) In simple and elegant style; as, this diffuse nebulosity, either in the state of vapour,
an address neatly drawn up.

or in some state of still greater expansion. Whewell.
earth, based on their characteristic fauna
or collection of animal life. The Nearctic

Neatness (nēt'nes), n. The state or quality Nebulous (nebū-lus), a. (L. nebulosus, from region extends throughout America down

of being neat: (a) tidiness; as, the neatness nebula, a cloud.] 1. Cloudy; hazy: literally to the Isthmus of Tehuantepec.

of a garment. () Freedom from useless or or figuratively; as, he was quite in a nebu. Near-dweller (nēr'dwel-ér ), n.

lous condition. - 2. In astron. pertaining to A neigh

tawdry ornaments; chasteness; simple elebour.

gance; as, neatness of style; neatness of or having the appearance of a nebula; nebu-

lar.--Nebulous star. See under NEBULA.
We may chance
Meet some of our near-dwellers with my car.

Neatress + (nētres), n. A female who takes Nebulousness (neb'ü-lus-nes), n. The state
Kears. care of neat or cattle. Warner.

or quality of being nebulous; cloudiness. Near-hand (nēr'hand), a. Near; nigh. Neb (neb), n. (A. Sax. neb, nebb, face, mouth, Many spots in the brightest moons, and [Scotch.)

beak; D. neb, Dan, næb, Sw. nibb, Icel, nej, much nebulousness in the fairest stars.' Bp. Near-band (nērhand). adv. Near-at-hand; the beak of a bird, a nose; closely allied to Gauden. nearly; almost; closely; intimately. [Old forms with initials, as D. sneb, Dan. Sw. Nebuly (nebū-li), a. Covered or ornamented English and Scotch.)

and 0.G. snabel (Mod.G. schnabel), a beak; with wavy lines: used chiefly or solely in The entering near hand into the manner of per: comp. E. snipe.] The nose; the beak of a

heraldry, and applied to formance of that which is under deliberation hath fowl; the bill; the mouth or snout; a nib.

a line drawn with undu-
overturned the opinion of the possibility or impossi-
How she holds up the neb, the bill to him!'

lations like the wavy

edges of clouds, or to a
Near-legged (nērlegd), a. Walking with
Twa unlucky red-coats were up for the black-fish-

shield or charge divided the feet so near each other that they come ing or some síccan ploy, for the neb o'them's never

by several such lines in contact. Shak.

out of mischief.
Sir W. Scott.

drawn across it. arly (nērʻli), adv. So as to be near: (a)al- Nebalia (nė-bā'li-a), n. A genus of ento

Nebuly (neb'ū-li), n.

In most; within a little; at no great distance; mostracous crustacea, belonging to the or

her. a line of partition not remotely. (6) Closely; as, two persons der Phyllopoda, and containing two or more A fess nebuly.

of a wavy form. See the nearly related or allied. (c) Intimately; interesting British species.

adjective. pressingly; with a close relation to one's Neb-neb (neb'neb), n. See BABLAH.

Nebuly-moulding (neb'u-li-möld-ing), r interest or happiness.

Nebris (neb'ris), n. (Gr.) A fawn's skin In arch. an ornament in Norman architecNearly it now concerns us, to be sure

worn as a part of the dress by hunters and ture, the edge of which forms an undulatof our omnipotence.


others. In works of art it is the character ing or waving line, and which is introduced (d) In a parsimonious or niggardly manner. istic covering of Bacchus, bacchanals, fauns, in corbel-tables and archivolts. Nearness (nēr'nes), n. The state or quality and satyrs.

Nece, t n. A niece; a cousin. Chaucer. of being near in any of the senses of the Nebula (neb'ú-la), n. pl. Nebulæ (nebū-lē). Necessarian (ne-ses-sā'ri-an), n. See NEword; as, (a) closeness in time or place; (L. nebula, a cloud, mist, vapour; closely CESSITARIAN. small distance. allied to Gr. nephele, a cloud, mass of

The only question in dispute between the advo. The best rule is to be guided by the nearness, or clouds; from same root as Icel. nisl, mist,

cates of philosophical liberty and the necessarians

is this, whether volition can take place independently distance at which the repetitions are placed in the fog; O.G. nibul, G. nebel, mist.] 1. In pathol. of motive.

W. Belsham. original.

Pope. (a) a white spot or a slight opacity of the Necessarian (ne-ses-sā'ri-an), a. Relating (6) Closeness of relationship. (c) Parsimony; cornea. (6) A cloudy appearance in the closeness in expenses. Bacon. urine. — 2. In astron. the name given to Necessarianism (ne- ses - sâ'ri-an-izm), n.

to necessarianism. Near-sighted (nēr'sit-ed), a. Short-sighted; certain celestial objects resembling white The doctrine of philosophical necessity; the seeing at a small distance only. clouds, which in many cases when observed

doctrine that the determination of the will Near-sightedness (ner'sit-ed-nes), n. The through telescopes of sufficient power have state of being near-sighted; myopy.

is necessitated by the influence of motives. been resolved into clusters of distinct stars. Neat (nēt), n. (A. Sax, neat, Sc. nout, Icel. As more and more powerful telescopes have

Let us suppose further, that we do not know more

of cause and effect than a certain definite order of naut, Sw, nöt, Dan. nöd, cattle, an ox; from been employed, the number of resolvable succession among facts, and that we have a knowverbal stem Icel. njóta, A. Sax. neotan, to nebulæ has become greater and greater, and ledge of the necessity of that succession-and hence use, to enjoy; Goth. niútan, to take.) Cattle it is probable that many nebulæ irresolvable

of necessary laws-and I, for my part, do not see of the bovine genus, as bulls, oxen, and at present may yet appear to be star clusters

what escape there is from utter materialism and ne-

cows: commonly used collectively, though in telescopes more powerful than those now
sometimes applied to a single animal. 'A employed. The spectroscope has, however, Necessarily (ne'ses-sa-ri-li), adv. In a ne-
neat and a sheep of his own. Tusser.
shown that many nebulæ, among which are

cessary manner; by necessity; in such a And yet the steer, the heifer, and the calf several which had hitherto appeared to be

manner that it cannot be otherwise; indisAre all called neal. Shak, well - authenticated clusters, consist of


The church is not of such a nature as would neces. Here thou behold'st thy large sleek neat,

masses of incandescent gas. Nebulæ have Unto the dewlaps up in meat. Herrick.

sarily, once begun, preserve itself for ever. been classified as follows:-(a) clusters of

B. Pearson. - Neats-foot oil, an oil obtained from the stars either of a globular or irregular form, Necessariness (ne'ses-sa-ri-nes), 1. The feet of neat.

in a more or less advanced state of concen state of being necessary. Johnson. Neat (nēt), a. Belonging or relating to ani tration. (6) Resolvable nebulæ, differing from Necessary (ne'ses-sa-ri), a. (From L. necesmals of the ox kind; as, neat cattle.

clusters in having no visible outlying sarius, from necesse, necessary, unavoidable Neat (nēt), a. (Fr. net, nette, from L. nitidus, branches. (c) Irresolvable nebulæ, of ellip - ne, not, and cedo, cessum, to yield. See shining, from niteo, to shine.) 1. Having tic, spiral, annular, and irregular forms. CEDE.] 1. Such as must be; that cannot be everything in perfect order; orderly; tidy; (d) Planetary nebulæ, so called because otherwise; inevitable; unavoidable. trim; as, the room was always very neat; they slightly resemble in appearance the

Death, a necessary end, neat in one's dress.--2. Free from what is larger planets. (e) Nebulous star, a bright Will come when it will come.

Shak. offensive, unbecoming, or in bad taste; pleas star often seen in the centre of a circular In asserting that the human mind possesses, in its ing with simplicity; nice. 'Sluttery to such nebula, or two bright stars associated with own ideas, an element of necessary and universal neat excellence opposed.' Shak. . What a double nebula, or with two distinct neb

truth, not derived from experience, Kant had been

anticipated by Price, by Cuthbert, and even by neat repast shall feast us.' Milton.-3. Ex ulæ near each other. () Irregular nebulæ, Plato.


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