Imágenes de páginas




or practice of dissecting nerves. --2. An subject of the war.- Armed neutrality, the as in never-ending, never-failing, never-dying, incised wound of a nerve. Dunglison. condition of a state or nation which holds never-ceasing, never-fading; but in all such Neurotonic (nu-ro-ton'ik), n. (Gr. neuron, itself under arms prepared to resist by force compounds it retains its usual meaning. a nerve, and tonikos, from tonos, a stretching any aggression of either belligerent between Nevermore (nev'er-mör), adv. Never again; or bracing, from teino, to stretch or brace.] which it is neutral.-2. Indifference in qua at no future time. A medicine employed to strengthen the lity; a state neither very good nor very evil. Farewell! the trees of Eden nervous system. (Rare.]

Ye shall hear nover more. E. B. Browning. Neurypnologist(nū-rip-nol'o-jist), 1. Same There is no health; physicians say that we


At best enjoy but a neutrality. as Neuro-hypnologist.

Never-the-later, † conj. Nevertheless.

Chaucer. Neurypnology (nū-rip-nol'o-ji), n. Same as 3.+ State of being of the neuter gender. Bp. Nevertheless (nev'er-The-les'), conj. [The Neuro-hypnology. Pearson.—4. In chem, the state of being so

the in this compound is not the article but Neuter (nū'ter), a. (L.-compounded of ne combined that the active properties of one

the old instrumental of the demonstrative and uter, not either, not one nor the other.] constituent counteract or render inert those 1. Neither the one thing nor the other; not

used before comparatives; A. Sax, thy læs, of the other; as, the neutrality of salts.

the or by that less.) Not the less; notwithadhering to either party; taking no part with Neutralization (nū'tral-iz-ā"shon), n. The

standing; in spite of or without regarding either side, either when persons are contend act of neutralizing; specifically, in chem. the

that; as, it rained, nevertheless we proceeded ing or questions are discussed; neutral. process by which an acid and an alkali are

on our journey; that is, we did not the less There are very few, if any, who stand ncuter in the so combined as to disguise each other's pro

proceed on our journey; we proceeded in dispute.

Addison. perties or render them inert. Thus, when In all our undertakings God will be either our friend sulphuric acid and soda are mixed together

spite of the rain.-Syn. Notwithstanding,

yet, however. or our enemy, for Providence never stands neuter. the properties either of the one or the other sevew,t n. South,

(Fr. neveu.] A nephew; a 2. In gram. (a) of neither gender: an epithet

preponderate according to the proportions
of each, but there are certain proportions New (nū), a. [A. Sax. niwe, neowe, a word

grandson. Chaucer.
given to nouns and those forms of the adjec-
tive and other parts of speech which are
according to which when they are combined

occurring in all the Aryan tongues; 0. Sax. neither masculine nor feminine; in Eng. they mutually destroy or disguise the pro

niwi, D. nieuw, Dan. and Sw.ny, Icel, nýr, perties of each other so that neither pregram. to all names of things without life.

Goth. niujis, O.H.G. niwi, niuwi, G. neu; b) Neither active nor passive; as, a neuter dominates, or rather so that both disappear,

cog. W. newydd, Ir. nuadh, Lith. naujas, verb. A neuter verb expresses an action or combining into a salt. When substances thus

L. novus, Gr. neos, Skr. navas--new. Perstate limited to the subject, and is not folmutually disguise each other's properties

haps connected with now.) 1. Lately made, lowed by an object; as, I go; I sit; I am; they are said to neutralize each other. The

invented, produced, or come into being; I run; I wall. It is better denominated

term neutralization is also applied to the having existed a short time only; recent in intransitive.-3. In bot. having neither stadecomposition of the alkaline carbonates

origin; novel: opposed to old, and used of mens nor pistils.-4. In zool. having no fally by the gradual addition of some acid more

things; as, a new coat; a new house; a new developed sex; as, neuter bees. powerful than the carbonic.

book; a new fashion. "Shoon full moist and Neuter (nü'tér), n.

Neutralize (nū'tral-iz), v. t. pret. & pp. neu1. A person that takes

new.' Chaucer. - 2. Lately introduced to no part in a contest between two or more tralized; ppr. neutralizing. 1. To render

our knowledge; not before known; recently individuals or nations; a neutral; a trimneutral; to reduce to a state of indifference

discovered; as, a new metal; a new species between different parties or opinions. mer.

of animals or plants found in foreign counDamn'd neuters, in their middle way of steering,

So here I am neutralized again. Sir W. Scott. tries; the new continent.-3. Recently proAre neither fish, nor flesh, nor good red herring. 2. In chem. to destroy or render inert or

duced by change; different from a former; Dryden.

imperceptible the peculiar properties of as, to lead a new life. 2. An animal of neither sex, or incapable of by combination with a different substance.

Put on the new man, Eph. iv, 24. propagation; one of the imperfectly devel

See NEUTRALIZATION. - 3. To destroy the oped females of certain social insects, as ants peculiar properties or opposite dispositions

4. Not habituated; not familiar; unaccusand bees, which perform all the labours of

tomed. *New to the plough, unpractised of; to render inoperative; to invalidate; as, the community, called also a worker. _3. In

in the trace.' Pope.-5. Repaired so as to to neutralize parties in government; to neubot. a plant which has neither stamens nor tralize opposition. "A cloud of counter

be in the first state; renovated; reinvigorpistils.-4. In gram. a noun of the neuter

ated. citations that neutralize each other.' Everett. gender. Neutralizer (nü'tral-iz-ér), n. One who or

Men, after long emaciating diets, wax plump, fat,

and almost new. Neutral (nū'tral), a. (L. neutralis. See

Bacon. that which neutralizes; that which destroys, NEUTER.) 1. Not engaged on either side; disguises, or renders inert the peculiar pro

6. Fresh after any event. not taking an active part with one of certain perties of a body.

Nor dare we trust so soft a messenger, contending parties; not interested one way Neutrally (nū'tral-li), adv. In a neutral

New from her sickness to that northern air. or another; indifferent.

Dryden. manner; without taking part with either

7. Not of ancient extraction; not belonging The allies may be supplied for money from Denmark side; indifferently. and other neutral states. Addison,

to a family of ancient distinction. Neutria (nü'tri-a), n. See NUTRIA. Who can be wise, amazed, temperate, and furious, Neuvaines (nū'vānz), n. pl. [Fr., from new,

By superior capacity and extensive knowledge, a Loyal and neutral in a moment? No man, Shak.

net man often mounts to favour.

Addison. nine.) In the R. Cath. Ch. prayers offered 2 Neither very good nor bad; indifferent; up for nine successive days to obtain the 8. Never used before, or recently brought mediocre. favour of Heaven.

into use; not second-hand; as, I would Some things good, and some things ill do seem, Névé (nā'vā), 12. (Fr., from L. nix, nivis, rather have a new copy of this book.-9. ReAnd neutral some in her fantastic eye.

snow. The French name for the coarsely cently commenced; starting afresh; as, the Sir Davies.

granular snow from which glaciers are new year; a new week; a new moon.3. In bot. same as Neuter.-Neutral axis, in formed. It is situated immediately above 10. Retaining original freshness. mech. the neutral axis of a beam is the plane the line where the glacier commences, and in which the tensile and compressing forces

Their names inscribed unnumber'd ages past, for its formation a certain degree of heat is

From time's first birth, with time itself shall last; terminate, and in which the stress is there

necessary, so that it is formed during sum These ever 1100, nor subject to decays, fore nothing.- Neutral colours. See COLOUR.

mer when the thermometer rises above Spread and grow brighter with the length of days. -- Neutral salts, in chem, salts which do not freezing-point.

Pope. exhibit any acid or alkaline properties. - Neve (nēv), n. Same as Næve.

- New land, land newly brought under culNeutraltint, (a)adull, grayish hue, partaking Neven, t v.t. (Icel. nefna (and nemna), Dan.

tivation. -New World, a name frequently of the character of none of the brilliant col

given to North and South America on acnævne, to name: the change of m to f and ours, such as red, blue, yellow, &c. (6) A v is common in these languages.] To name;

count of the fact that that portion of the factitious gray pigment, composed of blue,

earth became known to the inhabitants to mention; to utter; to speak. red, and yellow in various proportions, used Never (nev'er), adó. [The neg. of ever;

of the eastern hemisphere only in modern in water-colours. - Neutral vowel, the vowel

times. -- New is much used adverbially in A. Sax. næfre, from ne, not, and @fre, ever; heard in the words her, firm, church, &c.: comp. neither, either, &c.] 1. Not ever; not

composition for newly; as in new-born, neroso called from its indefinite character. at any time; at no time, whether past, Newt (nữ), adv. Newly; lately; recently;

made, new-grown, new-formed, new-found. Neutral(nū'tral), n. A person or nation that

present, or future. takes no part in a contest between others.

anew. Weigh them new in pound' (that

Death still draws nearer, never seeming near. The treacherous and the neutrals,

is, weigh them afresh in the balance). Spen

Pope. and the false-hearted friends.' Bacon. 2. In no degree; not at all; none. Never

ser.-All newe, recently; lately. Chaucer.-fear.' Sheridan.

Of newe, anew; afresh. Chaucer. The neutral, as far as his commerce extends, becomes a party in the war. RG, Harper. Whoever has a friend to guide him, may carry his

Newt (nữ), v.t. To make new; to renew.

eyes in another man's head, and yet see never the Neutralist(nū'tral-ist), n. One who professes

The good name of a man is sone gon and passed, South. when it is not newed.

Chancer. neutrality; a neutral. Bullokar. (Rare.) Neutrality (nü-tral'l-ti), n. 1. The state of

3. Followed by the indefinite article, not; New-born (nūborn), a. Recently born. being neutral or of being unengaged in dis

not even; not, emphatically.

New-come (nü'kum), a. Lately arrived; re

Shak. putes or contests between others; the state

Hast thou never an eye in thy head?

cently come. His new-come guest.' Spenser. of taking no part on either side.' In inter The poor craven bridegroom said never a word.

New-comer (nūkum-er), n. One who has

Sir W. Scott. national law, that condition of a nation or state in which it does not take part directly - Never so, to any or to whatever extent or

lately come.

Newcreate (nū’krē-at), v.t. To create anew. or indirectly in a war between other states. degree.


Ask me never so much dower and gift. A neutral state has the right of furnishing

Gen. xxxiv. 12.

Newel (nū'el), n. [O. Fr. nueil, noiel, nual, to either of the contending parties all sup

Which will not hearken to the voice of charmers, from L. nucalis, like a nut, from nux, nucis, plies which do not fall within the descrip

charming never so wisely.

Ps. Iviii. 5. a nut; Fr. noyau, a fruit-stone, noyau d'estion of contraband of war, which signifies in A fear of battery-though never so well grounded, calier, the newel of a stair.) 1. In arch. the general arms and munitions of war, and

is no duress.


upright cylinder or pillar, round which in a those out of which munitions of war are This is a genuine English use of never, but winding staircase the steps turn, and are made. All such articles are liable to be it is now usually replaced by ever.

The ex

supported from the bottom to the top. In seized. A neutral state has also the right planation of the phrase is probably this stairs where the steps are pinned into the to conclude such treaties with either belli Ask me so much dower as never was asked wall and there is no central pillar the stairgerent party as are unconnected with the before. Never is much used in composition; case is said to have an open newel. The





newel is sometimes continued through to its broad, half-webbed paws making it an body of the gentry and clergy learned almost all the roof, and serves as a vaulting-shaft from excellent and powerful swimmer.

they knew of the history of their own time.

Macaulay. which the ribs branch off in ali directions. Newgate-calendar (nū'gāt-kal-en-dér), n. Newsman (nüz'man), n. One who sells or

A list of prisoners in Newgate prison, with delivers newspapers.
their crimes, &c.

Newsmonger (nüz’mung-ger), n. One that
Newing (nū'ing), n. Yeast or barm. [Pro-

deals in news; one who employs much time
vincial English.]
Newish (nū'ish), a. Somewhat new; nearly

in hearing and telling news. Many tales

devised ... by smiling pickthanks and base new.

newsmongers. Shak. It drinketh not newish at all. Bacon.

Newspaper (nūz' på-pér), n. A sheet of New-laid (nū'lād), a. Recently laid; fresh; paper printed and distributed for conveying as, new-laid eggs.

news; a public print that circulates news,
Newly (nû'li),

adv. 1. Lately; freshly; re advertisements, political intelligence, infor-
cently. Morning roses newly washed with mation regarding proceedings of parliament,

public meetings, and the like.- Newspaper
He rubb'd it o'er with newly gathered mint. reporting, that system by means of which the

Dryden. parliamentary debates, speeches at public
I have reached this land but newly. Poe.

meetings, &c., are promulgated throughout
2. With a new form, different from the for the country. Every publication giving ori-
mer. Spenser.-3. Anew; afresh; as before. ginal reports of parliamentary debates keeps
Shak. 4. In a new and different manner. one of a series of reporters constantly in the
By deed-achieving honour newly named gallery of the Lords, and another in that of
(Coriolanus).' Shak.

the Commons. These are at stated periods New-made (nū-mād'), a. Newly made or relieved by their colleagues, when they take formed.

advantage of the interval to transcribe their And if his name be George, I'll call him Peter;

notes, in order to be ready again to resume For new-made honour doth forget men's names. the duty of note-taking, and afterwards that Ancient Stair showing the Newel.

Shak. · of transcription for the press. A succession

New-model (nū-mod'el), v.t. To give a new 2. In engin. a cylindrical pillar terminating

of reporters for each establishment, varying form to. the wing-wall of a bridge.

from ten or eleven to seventeen or eighteen,

The constitution was new-modelled so as to resem. is thus maintained, and the process of writNewelt (nū'el), n. [From new. Comp. novel, ble nearly that of this country. Brougham. which seems to have suggested this form.) Newness (nū’nes), n.

ing from their notes never interrupted, till A new thing; a novelty.

The state or quality a complete account of the debates of the

of being new: (a) lateness of origin; recent evening has been committed to the hands He was enamoured with the newel, That naught he deemed dear for the jewel. ness; state of being lately invented or pro

of the printer. Spenser.

duced; as, the newness of a dress; the new- Newsroom (nūz' röm), n. A room where New-fangel,t a. Desirous of new things; ness of a system. (6) Novelty; the state of newspapers, and often also magazines, renew-fangled. Chaucer. being first known or introduced.

views, &c., are read. New-fangelnesset n. Foolish desire of

Newness in great matters was a worthy entertain.

News-vender (nūz'vend-ér), n. A seller of novelty. Chaucer.

ment for the mind.


newspapers. New-fanglet (nū-fang'g), v.t. To change by

Newspapers in London are sold to newsmen or introducing novelties. To control and new

(c) Innovation; recent change. Happy news-venders, by whom they are distributed to the

newness that intends old right.' Shak. (d) purchasers in town or country. M'Culloch. fangle the Scriptures.' Milton. New-fangled (nū-fang'gld), a. (Formerly

Want of practice or familiarity.

News-writer (nüzrit-ėr), n. One who comnewfangle, fangle being from A. Sax. fôn,

His newness shamed most of the others' long ex. posed news-letters. See NEWS-LETTER.

Sir P. Sidney to take, fangen, taken, whence fangennes,

Newt(nūt), n. (A corruption of an ewt. Ewt, a taking. See FANG.) 1. New-made or new(e) Different state or qualities introduced

evet are old forms. See EFT.) One of a fashioned; formed with the affectation of by change or regeneration.

genus (Triton) of small tailed (urodele) ba

trachians, belonging to the family Salamannovelty. New-fangled devices. Atterbury. Even so we also should walk in newness of life. Those who would establish a doctrine on a

Rom. vi. 4

dridæ. Like the frog, the newt begins its
existence in a tadpole

state, and is furnished
new-fangled nomenclature. Sir W. Hamil New-platonist (nū-plā'ton-ist), n. Same as
ton.-2. Taken with novelties;fond of change;

with gills, which give place to true lungs. easily captivated with what is new. ‘Not to

New Red Sandstone. See SANDSTONE. have fellowship with new-fangled teachers.' News (nūz), n. [From new; perhaps a trans1 Tim. vi. (heading).

lation of Fr. pl. nouvelles, news, but more There is a great error risen now-a-days among

probably the old genit. of new, occurring many of us, which are vain and new.fangled men.

in such phrases as A. Sax. hweet niwes? what

Latimer. of new, what news? The latter supposition New-fangledly (nū-fang'gld-li), adv. In a is supported by the fact that the word is new-fangled manner; as, new-fangledly almost always joined to a verb or pronoun in dressed.

the singular.] 1. Recent intelligence regardNew-fangledness, New-fangleness (nū ing any event; fresh information of some

fang'gld-nes, nū-fang'gl-nes), n. The state thing that has lately taken place, or of someof being new-fangled; the state of affecting thing before unknown; tidings.

Smooth Newt (Triton punctatus). newness of style or novelty; as, I was struck

Thus answer I in name of Benedick, by the new-fangledness of her dress; he is But hear these ill news with the ears of Claudio.

Two species, T. cristatus (the great watervery prone to new-fangledness.


newt, warty or crested newt) and T. puneNewfanglist (nū-fang glist), n.

One eager
Evil news rides fast, while good news baits. Milton.

tatus (also called Lissotriton punctatus), the after novelties; one given to change. (Rare.]

It is no netus for the weak and poor to be a prey to the strong and rich,

Sir R. L'Estrange.

common or smooth newt, are recognized as Learned men have ever resisted the private spirits

natives of this country, each of which has
of these newfanglists, or contentious and quarrel-
2. A newspaper.

varieties classed by some naturalists as dis-
Canon Tooker.
So when a child, as playful children use,

tinct species. The warty newt grows to the Newfanglyt (nū-fangʻgli), adv. In a new Has burnt to tinder a stale last year's news.


length of 6 inches, the smooth newt to the fangled manner; with a disposition for novelty or change. SYN. Tidings, intelligence, advice.

length of 34 or 4 The former is covered New-sad (nū'sad), a. Recently made sad.

with warty excrescences, and during the Divers young scholars they found properly witted, New-sad soul' Shak.

breeding season the male acquires a very featly learned, and newfangly minded. Sir T. More. News-agent (nūz'á-jent), n. A person who

prominent crest along the whole length of New-fashion (nū-fa'shon), a. Recently deals in newspapers; a news-vender.

the back. The latter has the skin quite
come into fashion; new-fashioned. Swift.
New-fashioned (nū-fa'shond), a.

News-bookt (nūz'byk), n. A newspaper.
Made in

Pepy8. a new form, or lately come into fashion.

Newsboy (nūz'boi), n. A boy who hawks or New-fledged (nü'flejd), a. Wearing its first delivers newspapers. feathers; lately fledged.

News-letter (nūz'let-ér), n. The name given And as a bird each fond endearment tries

to the printed letters or little sheets, issued To tempt its new-fledg'd offspring to the skies.


weekly, about the time of Charles II., the Newfoundland (nū-found'land), n. Same

news for which was collected by the newsas Newfoundland Dog. Tennyson.

writers from coffee-house gossip-in contraNewfoundland Dog, n. A well-known and

distinction to the London Gazette, then the fine variety of the dog, supposed to be de

only authorized newspaper, and which conrived from Newfoundland, where they are

tained little more than ordinary proclama

tions and advertisements. employed by the natives in drawing sledges

Warty Newt (Triton cristatus). and little carriages laden with wood, fish, The people who lived at a distance from the great or other commodities. There are several theatre of political contention could be kept regu.

smooth and the crest much less conspicuous. varieties of this dog, the principal being a

larly informed of what was passing there only by
news-letters. To prepare such letters became a call.

They live in ponds and ditches, and feed on
very large breed with broad muzzle, head ing in London, as it now is among the natives of animal food, such as water insects and
raised, noble expression, waving or curly
India. The newswriter rambled from coffee-room

larvæ, worms, tadpoles, &c. Like frogs they hair, thick and bushy curled tail, black and to coffee-room, collecting reports, squeezed himself white colour; and a smaller, almost black, into the sessions house of the Old Bailey if there was

often leave the water, and may be found an interesting trial, nay, perhaps obtained admission

under stones and in damp situations. They breed. Some breeds seem to be crossed to the Gallery of Whitehall, and noticed how the cast their skins very frequently, and when with hounds, mastiffs, &c. The Newfound king and duke looked. In this way, he gathered they lose one of their members-a leg, the land dog is remarkable for its sagacity, pamaterials for weekly epistles destined to enlighten

tail, or even an eye-a new one is not long in tience, good-nature, and affection for its

some county town or some bench of rustic magis.

trates. Such were the sources from which the in being produced in its place. Called also master. No dog excels it as a water dog, habitants of the largest provincial cities and the great Eft, Asker.


Ous men.





New Testament (nü tes' ta-ment). See Nibble (nib'l), n. A little bite, or the act of a shape nicely proportioned; a dress nicely TESTAMENT

seizing with the mouth as if to bite, without fitted to the body. (d) Agreeably; becomNewtonian (nū-ton'i-an), a. Pertaining to actually biting.

ingly; pleasantly; as, she was nicely dressed: Sir Isaac Newton, or formed or discovered Nibbler (nibler), n. One that nibbles; one a modern sense, but now so common as to by him.- Newtonian system. See Solar Sys that bites a little at a time.

threaten to crowd out all the other senses. tem under SOLAR.- Newtonian telescope, a The tender nibbler would not touch the bait. Shak. See the adjective. form of reflecting telescope in which the rays are reflected from the surface of the Nibblingly (nib'ling-li), adv. In a nibbling Nicene (ni-sēn'), a. Pertaining to Nicæa or

Nice, a town of Asia Minor.

Nicene creed, manner. object mirror and intercepted by a small oval mirror placed in the axis of the tube Niblick (nibʻlik), n. (Called also nablock, and

a summary of Christian faith composed by

the Council of Nice against Arianism, A.D. perhaps from nab, to catch.] A peculiar at an angle of 45°. The image which would

325, altered and confirmed by the Council have been formed in the axis is thereby de

kind of club used in the game of golf, hav-
ing a thin flat iron head. It is used to lift

of Constantinople, A.D. 381.
flected, and is viewed by an eye-piece at-
the ball out of holes, ruts, rough ground,

Niceness (nis'nes), n. tached at right angles to the side of the

State or quality of tube.- Newtonian theory of light. See LIGHT. Nib-nib (nib'nib), n. and the like.

being nice: (a) extreme fastidiousness or Newtonian (nūtõn'i-an), n. A follower of Nicaragua - wood (ni-ka-rä'gwa-wud), n.

Same as Neb-neb.

delicacy; excess of scrupulousness or exact

ness. The niceness of our modern dames.' Newton in philosophy.

Dryden. (6) Delicacy of perception; the

The wood of a tree growing in Nicaragua,
Newton's Rings(nū'tonz ringz), n. pl. [From
Sir Isaac Newton, who first investigated
supposed by some to be a species of Cæsal-

quality of perceiving small differences; as,

niceness of taste. them.) The name given to a certain series pinia, and by others of Hæmatoxylon. This

(c) Accuracy; minute wood and a variety called peach-wood are

exactness; as, niceness of work; niceness of of rings of coloured light produced by press

texture or proportion. ing a convex lens of very long focus against

sent to this country for the use of dyers. a plane surface of glass. The rings are due They are similar to Brazil-wood, but are not

Where's now the labour'd niceness in thy dress?

Dryden. to interference. (See INTERFERENCE, 3.)

sufficiently sound for any use in manufac (d) Agreeableness; becomingness; pleasant

ture. These rings, or more properly systems of

ness: a modern sense. See the adjective Niccolite (nik'ol-īt), n. See NICKELINE. and adverb. rings, are seven in number, and the order of colour follows that known as Newton's

Nice (nis), a. [In meaning 1 certainly from Nicery (nis'ér-i), n. Daintiness; affectascale of colours,

0.Fr. nice, nisce, from L. nescius, from ne, tion of delicacy. Chapman. New-year (nū'yēr), a. Relating to the be

not, scio, to know, and perhaps this may be Niceteet n. Nicety; folly. Chaucer.

the origin in all senses, though some of them Nicety (nis'e-ti), n. (O. Fr. nicete. See NICE.] ginning of the year; as, new-year congratulations.

may have been influenced by 0.E. nesh, 1. State or quality of being nice : (a) excess New-year's Day (nū'yērz dā), n. The first

A. Sax. hnesc, soft, tender, delicate.] 1.f Fool of delicacy; fastidiousness; squeamishness. day of a new year; the first day of January. ish; simple; silly.

So love doth loathe disdainful niaty. Spenser. New Zealand Flax (nū-zēʻland flaks). See

But say that we ben wise and nothing nice, Chaucer.

(6) Delicacy of perception. (c) Minuteness PHORMIUM 2.7 Trivial; unimportant.

of observation or discrimination; precision. New Zealand Tea (nů-zēland tē), n. 1. The The letter was not nice but full of charge

Nor was this nicety of his judgment confined only leaves of Leptospermum scoparium, a plant

Of dear import

Shak. to literature, but was the same in all parts of art. belonging to the nat. order Myrtaceæ, some 3. Over-scrupulous; very particular; fastidi

Prior. times used as a substitute for tea, and by ous; too difficult to please or satisfy; over

(d) Delicate management; exactness in treatsome credited with antiscorbutic properties. exacting; squeamish; punctilious.

ment; delicacy of execution. 2. The plant itself.

Love such nicety requires,
He that stands upon a slippery place
Nexible (neks’i-bl), a. [L. nexibilis.] Cap-

One blast will put out all his fires. Swirt. Makes nice of no vile hold to stay him up. Shak. able of being knit together. Blount. (Rare.]

To taste

2. A minute difference or distinction. The Next (nekst), a. superl. of nigh. [Ă. Sax. Think not I shall be nice. Milton, fineness and niceties of words.' Locke. nhat, nêhsta, ngheta, superle of mêh, mech, 4. Scrupulously and minutely cautious;

3. A dainty or delicacy for food : usually in nighs Nearest in place, time, rank, or delicate.

the plural. Johnson. degree. 'One next himself in power, and

Nichar (ni'kär), n.
Dear love, continue nice and chaste. Donne.

A plant. See NICKARnext in crime.' Milton.

Her princely guest
5. Tender to excess; easily injured; delicate.

Niche (nich), n. [Fr. niche, from It. nicchia,
Was next her side, in order sat the rest. Dryden. With how much ease is a young muse betrayed ! originally a shell-shaped recess in a wall,
The good man warn'd us from his text,
How nice the reputation of the maid. Roscommon.

from nicchio, a shell-fish, a mussel, from L. That none could tell whose turn should be the next.


6. Distinguishing accurately and minutely; mytilus, a mussel.) A recess in a wall for the [When next stands before an object without

apprehending slight differences or delicate reception of a statue, a vase, or of some other to after it it may be regarded as a preposi

distinctions; discerning. 'Our author, happy ornament. In ancient classical architecture tion. ]- Next friend, in law, a person by

in a judge so nice.' Pope. Nice verbal niches were generally semicircular in the whom an infant sues in courts of law and

criticism.' Coleridge.7. Formed or made plan, and terminated in a semi-dome at the equity, and by whom a married woman also

with scrupulous exactness; accurate; exact; top. They were sometimes, however, square often sues in courts of equity, and who is precise; as, nice proportions; nice work

in the plan, and responsible for costs. In Scots law, a tutor manship; nice calculations.

sometimes also or curator.- Next to, almost.

The difference is too nice

square-headed. Where ends the virtue or begins the vice. Pope.

They were orThat's a difficulty next to impossible, Rowe.

namented with - Next door to, close to; allied to; not far

8. Pleasant or agreeable to the senses; deliremoved from anything. cate; tender; sweet; delicious; dainty; as,

pillars, archia nice bit; a nice tint.-9. Pleasing or agree

traves, To dispute in a matter of this kind would have been the next door to the being convinced. Rymer. able in general; having good or likeable

soles, and in Next (nekst), adv.

other ways. In qualities. (Colloq.) At the time or turn

the architecnearest or immediately succeeding; as, it is An expression very rife of late among our young

ture of the ladies, a nice man, whatever it may mean, whether not material who follows next. the man resemble a pudding, or something more nice,

middle ages Nexus (nek'sus), n. (L.) Tie; connection; conveys the offensive notion that they are ready to

niches were exinterdependence existing between the sev eat him up!

1. D'Israeli.

tensively used eral members or individuals of a series. Among the most shocking of the unscholarlike

as decorations It is now universally admitted that we have no per. barbarisins now prevalent, I must notice the use of

and for the rethe word 'nice' in an objective instead of a subjecception of the casual nexus in the material world. tive sense: 'nice' does not and cannot express a

ception of staSir W. Hamilton.

tues. Niare (ni-ar), n. quality of the object, but merely a quality of the

In the The native name of the subject: yet we hear daily of a very nice letter'-'a

Norman style wild ox or buffalo of Western Africa; the nice young lady, etc.-meaning a letter to a young

they were so Cape buffalo. See BUFFALO. lady that it is pleasant to contemplate: but a nice

shallow as to Niast (ni'as). (See EYAS, which is the com young lady means a fastidious young lady; and a moner but a corrupted form.) 1. A young nice letter' ought to mean a letter that is very deli

be little more cate in its eating and in the choice of its company.


panels, hawk; an eyas.-2. A ninny; a simpleton.

De Quincey.

and the figures B. Jonson.

1 should say she was not an agreeable person. Nib (nib), n. [A. Sax, neb, nebb. See NEB, Not nice,' added Lady Selina, after a pause, and

were frequentconveying a world of meaning in that conventional

ly carved on the same word differently written.] 1. The

Lord Lytton.

the back in bill or beak of a fowl.--2. The point of anyNice is often used ironically in a sense just

alto-rilievo. In thing, particularly of a pen; a small pen adapted to be fitted into a holder. the opposite of this. See example under

the Early EngNIBBLE, v.t. 3. — SYN. Dainty, delicate, exNib (nib), v.t. pret. & pp. nibbed; ppr. nib

lish style they bing. To furnish with a nib; to mend the quisite, fine, accurate, exact, correct, pre


Niche, All Souls' College, Oxford. become nib of, as a pen. Dickens. cise, particular, scrupulous, punctilious,

deeply recessNibble (nibī), v. t. pret. & pp. nibbled; ppr.

fastidious, squeamish, finical, effeminate, ed and are highly enriched, and in the nibbling. (A freq. from nib.] 1. To bite by Nicelingt (nis'ling), n. An over-nice man or silly, weak, foolish.

Decorated style they become infinitely va

ried. Their plans chiefly consisted of a little at a time; to eat in small bits. he nibbled his toast.' Lord Lytton.-2. To critic; a hair-splitter.

semi-octagon or a semi-hexagon, and their bite, as a fish does the bait; just to catch by

But I would ask these nicelings one question,

heads were formed into groined vaults, with wherein if they can resolve me then I will say, as ribs, and bosses, and pendants. They were biting. Nibbles the fallacious meat. Gay.

they say, that scarfs are necessary, and not flags of 3 To catch; to nab.

projected on corbels, and adorned with pilAnd a nice job I've pride.


lars, buttresses, and mouldings of various had to nibble him.' D. Jerrold. [Slang. )

kinds, and had canopies added to them Nibble (nibl), v.i. To bite gently; as, fishes Nicely.(nīs'li), adv. In a nice manner:

(a) fastidiously; critically; curiously; as, he which were flat and projecting in every nibble at the bait. Nibbling sheep.' Shak.

was disposed to look into the matter too variety of plan, and elaborately carved and 2. Fig. to carp; to make a petty attack: with

nicely. 6) With delicate perception; as, to enriched. In the Perpendicular style this at Instead of returning a full answer to my book, he

be nicely sensible. (c) Accurately; exactly; variety and elaboration continued. manifestly falls a nibbling at a single passage,

with exact order or proportion; as, the parts Niched (nicht), a. Placed in a niche. 'Those Tillotson. of a machine or building nicely adjusted ; niched shapes of noble mould.' Tennyson.



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TH, then; th, thin; w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure. -See KEY.




Nicher, Nicker (nich'er, nik'ér), v.i. To part of the nickel being replaced by iron or rustica is green or Syrian tobacco, which neigh; to laugh with broken, half-suppressed cobalt. Page.

grows in the Levant, and is sometimes called catches of voice; to snigger. (Scotch.) Nickel - green (nik'el-grēn), n. Same as English tobacco, from its being the first kind Nicht (nicht), n. Night. (Scotch.] Nickel-ochre.

introduced into England for cultivation. It Nick (nik), n. (A name given by all the Nickelic (ni-kel’ik), a. Pertaining to or forms the Turkish, Syrian, and Latakia toTeutonic nations to a kind of water-goblin; containing nickel.

baccos. N. repanda is cultivated in Cuba; A. Sax. nicor, Dan. nök, Icel. nykr, N. nykk, Nickeliferous (nik-el-if'ér-us), a. Contain N. quadrivalvis, by the Indians on the Misnök, G. nix, nixe.! Originally, a kind of ing nickel; as, nickeliferous iron.

souri; N. multivalvis, by the Indians on the goblin or spirit of the waters, but in modern Nickeline (nik'el-in), n. One of the chief Columbia; and N. nana, by the Indians of English usage applied only to the Evil One, ores of nickel, occurring generally massive, the Rocky Mountains. One species has been generally with the addition of Old. The and disseminated in veins in the crystalline discovered in China, and another in Ausorigin ascribed to the name by Butler re rocks, as also in secondary strata, in Ger tralia. See TOBACCO. quires no refutation.

many, America, and Cornwall. It consists Nicotianin, Nicotianine (ni-ko'shi-a-nin), Nick Machiavel had ne'er a trick

principally of nickel and arsenic. It is the n. A concrete oil extracted from the leaves (Though he gives name to our Old Nick)

kupfernickel or copper-nickel of Werner, of tobacco. It has the smell of tobacco But was below the least of these. Hudibras. niccolite of modern mineralogy.

smoke, and affords nicotine. Nick (nik), n. [Perhaps the same word as Nickel-ochre (nik'el-ő-kér), n. An arsenate Nicotine, Nicotina (nik'o-tin, nik-o-ti'na), D. kenik, Św. nick, a nod, a wink; G. nicken, of nickel, consisting of nickel 37 6, arsenic n.(C. H 14 N, or C, H, N.). A volatile alto nod.) 1. The exact point of time required acid 38 4, and water 24; it occurs massive, kaloid base obtained from tobacco. It forms by necessity or convenience; the critical earthy, friable, and in short capillary crys a colourless, clear, oily liquid, which has a time.

tals of an apple-green colour. Called also weak odour of tobacco, except when ammoIt is strange in the history of Norway, how the Nickel-green and Nickel-bloom.

nia is present, in which case the smell is right man ever appears in the very nick of time to Nickel-plating (nik'el-plāt-ing), n. The powerful. It is highly poisonous, and comsave the state.

Edin. Rev.

surfacing of metals with nickel by means of bines with acids, forming acrid and pungent 2. A winning throw. Prior. a heated solution or the electro-bath, for

salts. Nick (nik), v.t. [From the above noun.] 1. To the purpose of rendering th less liable to Nicotylia (ni-kö-til'i-a), n. Same as Nicohit; to touch luckily; to strike at the lucky oxidation by heat or moisture.

tine. time.

Nickel-silver (nik'el-sil-vėr), n. An alloy Nictate (nik'tāt), v.i. (L. nicto, to wink.) The just reason of doing things must be nicked, composed of copper 60, zinc 17), and nickel To wink. Worcester. (Rare.) and all accidents improved. Sir R. L'Estrange.


Nictation (nik-ta'shon), n. Same as Nicti. 2. To defeat or cozen, as at dice; to make Nickert (nik'ér), n. [From nick, to break, tation. Cockeram. (Rare.) a hit at by some trick or unexpected turn. to flaw.] One of a company of night-brawl- Nictitate (nik'ti-tāt), v.i. (From L. nicto, The itch of his affection should not then

ers who in the reign of Queen Anne roamed nictatum, to wink, freq.from nico, to beckon.) Have nicked his captainship at such a point. Shak. about London by night, amusing themselves To wink; to nictate. - The nictitating mem- To nick with nay, to meet one with a re

with breaking people's windows with half brane, a thin membrane by which the profusal; to disappoint by denying. 'I trust pence.

cess of winking is performed in certain aniyou will not nick me with nay.' Sir W. Scott.

Did not Pythagoras stop a company of drunken mals, and which covers and protects the

bullies from storming a civil house, by changing the Nick (nik),n. (Comp.G. knick, a flaw,knicken,

eyes from dust or from too much light. It strain of the pipe to the sober spondæus! And yet to crack; also E. nock, 0.D. nocke, a notch.) your modern musicians want art to defend their win.

is chiefly found in birds and fishes. 1. A notch; hence, a score, from the old

dows from common nickey's. Martinus Scribierus. Nictitation (nik-ti-tā'shon), n. The act of practice of keeping reckonings on tallies or Nicker-tree (nik'ér-trē), n. Same as Nickar

winking. It is a natural and instinctive notched sticks; a reckoning. tree.

action for the purpose of moistening and I tell you what Launce, his man, told me: he loved Nick-nack(nik'nak), n. (See KNICK-KNACK.)

cleaning the eyes. her out of all nick. Shak. A trinket; a gimcrack; a trifle. Spelled also

Nidamental (nid-a-men'tal), a. (L. nida2. A notch in the shank of a type to guide Nick-knack, Knick-knack.

mentum, a nest, from nidus, a nest.) Perthe hand of the compositor in setting; nicks Nick - nackery (nik’nak-ér-i), n. 1. A col taining to the nests of birds; relating to the also distinguish the class of type, each class lection of nick-nacks. — 2. Á nick-nack; a

protection of the egg and young: applied having one or more nicks on the body of the trifle; a bauble. Franklin.

especially to the organs which secrete the type, which range evenly when the types Nickname (nik'nām), n. (Probably 0.E.

materials of which many animals construct

their nests. neke-name for eke-name (Icel. auk-nefni),

Owen. are set.-3. A false bottom in a beer can, by which customers were cheated, the nick the initial n being that of an, the indef. art, Nidaryt (ni'da-ri), n. A collection of nests. below and the froth above filling up part of on type of newt for ewt. But the French In this rupellary nidary, does the female lay eggs

and breed. the measure. have nom de nique, a nickname, from G.

Evelyn. Cannes of beere (malt sod in fishes broth),

nicken, to nod, to wink.) 1. A name given to Niddicockt (nid'i-kok), n. A foolish person; And those they say are fill'd with nick and froth. a person in contempt, derision, or reproach; a noodle. Rowlands. an opprobrious or contemptuous appella

They were never such fond niddicocks as to offer Nick (nik), v.t. [See the above noun.] 1. To tion.

any man a rodde to beate their own tayles. make a nick or notch in; to notch; to cut in He is upbraidingly called a poet, as if it were a

Holinshed. nicks or notches. His man with scissors contemptible nickname.

B. Jonson. Niddle-noddle (nid 1-nod-1), v.i. [Freq. and nicks him like a fool.' Shak.--2. To break or 2. A familiar or diminutive name.

dim. of nod.) To nod or shake lightly and crack; to smash. Prior. See NICKER.

From nicknames or nursenames came these frequently; to waggle. 3. To suit or fit into, as lattices cut in nicks; Bill and Will for William, Clem for Clement, &c.


Her head niddle-noddled at every word. Hood. to tally with

A very good name it (Job) is; only one I know Words nicking and resembling one another are

Niddui (nid'y-i), n. A kind of minor excom. that ain't got a nickname to it.

Dickens. applicable to different significations. Camden.

munication among the Hebrews, which Nickname (nik'nām), v.t. pret. & pp. nick- To nick a horse's tail, to make an incision

generally lasted about a month. Brande & at its root to make him carry it higher. named; ppr. nicknaming. To give a nick

Cox. Nickt (nik), v.t. To nickname.

name to; to call by an opprobrious ap: Nidet (nid), n. [L. nidus, a nest.] A brood; pellation You nickname virtue vice.'

as, a nide of pheasants. Johnson. For Warbeck, as you nick him, came to me. Ford. Shak. This jargon, which they nickname Nidering (ni'der-ing), a. (See NIDING.] Same Nickar - tree (nik'är-trē), n. A tree of the metaphysics. Whitby.

as Niding. Faithless, mansworn, and nidergenus Guilandina (G. Bondue), which grows Nick-stick (nik'stik), n. A notched stick

ing.' Sir W. Scott. in the East and West Indies, and bears a used as a tally. [Scotch.)

Nidge (nij), v. t. [Softened form of nig.) In nut of the size of a small nutmeg. The He was in an unco kippage when we sent him a masonry, to dress the face of a stone with a bark of the nickar-tree is a bitter tonic, and book instead o' the nick-sticks. Sir W. Scott.

sharp-pointed hammer in plac of hewing its seeds are said to be emetic. Called also Nickum (nik'um), n. [From nick, the evil it with a chisel and mallet. Called also Nig. Nichar.

spirit.) À wag; one given to mischievous -Nidged or nigged ashlar, stone hewn with Nickel(nik'el), n. Sym. Ni. At. wt. 59 nearly. tricks. (Scotch.)

a pick or sharp-pointed hammer. A metal of a white colour, of great hard Nicolaitan (nik-o-la'i-tan), n. One of a sect Nidgeryt (nid'jér-i), n. (O. Fr. nigerie. See ness, very difficult to be purified, always in the early Christian Church, so named NIDGET.) A trifle; a piece of foolery. Coles. magnetic, and when perfectly, pure malle from Nicolas, a deacon of the church of Nidgett (nij'et), n. [From 0. Fr. niger, ‘to able and ductile. It unites in alloys with Jerusalem. They are characterized as in trifle, to play the fop or nidget' Cotgrave.] gold, copper, tin, and arsenic, which metals clining to licentious and pagan practices. 1. An idiot; a fool.-2. A coward; a dastard. it renders brittle. With silver and iron its Rev. ii. 6.

Camden. Written also Nigeot. alloys are ductile. Nickel is found in all Nicolo (nik'o-lo), n. See ONICOLO.

Nidificate (nid'i-fi-kāt), v. i. (L. nidifico, from meteoric stones, but its principal ore is a Nicotiant (ni-ko'shi-an), n._[Fr. nicotiane, nidus, a nest.] To make a nest. copper-coloured mineral found in Germany, tobacco. See NICOTIANA.] Tobacco. “Your Nidification (nid'i-fi-kā"shon), n. The act and called nickeline or kupfernickel. Since Nicotian is good too.' B. Jonson.

or operation of building a nest. The feet the manufacture of German silver, nickel Nicotian (ni-ko'shi-an), a. Pertaining to or of perchers being more especially adapted has become an object of considerable im derived from tobacco. Whiffs himself away for the delicate labours of nidification. portance, and is extracted from several in Nicotian incense to the idol of his vain Owen. pyrites, compounds of nickel, cobalt, anti intemperance.' Bp. Hall.

Niding (ni'ding), n. [A. Sax. nithing, an mony, arsenic, sulphur, or iron. The salts Nicotiana (ni-ko'shi-ā"na), n. [Fr. nicotiane, infamous man, from nith, wickedness, Goth, of nickel are mostly of a grass-green colour, the earliest name given to the tobacco plant neiths, envy; Dan. and Sw. niding, Icel and the ammoniacal solution of its oxide in France, from M. Nicot, ambassador of nithingr, a despicable fellow.) A coward ; is deep blue.

France to Portugal, who sent a specimen of a dastard. He is worthy to be called a Nickel - bloom (nik'el-blöm), n. Same as the plant from Lisbon to Catharine de Me niding.' Howell. Written also Nithing. Nickel-ochre.

dicis in 1560.] The tobacco genus of plants. | Niding (ni'ding), a. Infamous; cowardly; Nickel-glance (nik'el-glans), n. A grayish The species generally grown as tobacco are dastardly. Mallet. white, massive, and granular ore of nickel, N. Tabacum and N. macrophylla. N. per- Nid-nod (nid'nod), v. [A reduplicative occurring in the transition rocks of upper sica is a native of Persia. It is much more form of nod.) To nod frequently. Germany, Sweden, Spain, Brazil, and other fragrant and agreeable than the common Nidor (ni'dor), n. (L.) Scent; savour; smell countries, and on the average consisting of tobacco, and furnishes the Shiraz tobacco, of cooked food. The uncovered dishes 35-5 nickel, 45-2 arsenic, and 19:3 sulphur, so much esteemed in the East. Nicotiana send forth a nidor.' Dr. John Taylor.






Nidorose (ni-dor-os), a. Same as Nidorous. order Ranunculaced. The seeds of N. 8a Nigh (ni), a. compar. nigher, superl, next. Arbuthnot. (Rare. )

tiva and N. arvensis were formerly used [A. Sax. neah, neh, nigh, near; 0. Fris. nei, Nidorosityt (ni-do-ros'i-ti), n. Eructation instead of pepper, and are said to be still D. na, Icel, nu-, G. nah, nahe, Goth. nehvawith the taste of undigested roast-meat. extensively used in adulterating it. The nigh. Near is a comparative form from Floyer.

seeds of the former are supposed to be the this. ) 1. Near; not distant or remote in Nidorous (ni'dor-us), a. (From nidor. ) black cummin of the ancients, and the cum place or time. Resembling the smell or taste of roasted min of the Bible. No damascena, a native The loud tumult shows the battle nigh. Prior. meat. Sometimes spelled Nidrous. In of Southern Europe, is cultivated in gardens Now learn a parable of the fig tree; when his cense and nidrous smells.' Bacon. (Rare.) for its pale blue flowers.

branch is yet tender, and putteth forth leaves, ye Nidulant (nidū-lant), a. (L. nidulans, ppr. Nigeott (nij'ot), n. Same as Nidget.

know that summer is high.

Mat. xxiv. 32. of ridulor, to nestle, from nidus, a nest.] Niggard (nig érd), n. [From Icel. hnöggr, 2. Closely allied by blood. In bot, nestling; lying loose, in the form of niggardly, stingy, with term. -ard; Sw. He committed the protection of his son Asanes to polp or cottony matter, within a berry or njugga, to hoard. ] 1. A miser; a person two nigh kinsmen and assured friends. Knolles. pericarp.

meanly close and covetous; a sordid, ava 3. Closely related in any way; ready to aid. Nidulariacei (ni'dū-la-ri-ā"sē-1), n. pl. [See ricious, parsimonious wretch; one who stints

The Lord is nigh unto them that are of a broken NIDULARIUM.) An order of gasteromycetous or who supplies sparingly.


Ps. xxxiv. 18. fungi, the structure of which is that of the

We should serve him as a grudging master, hypogæous fungi reduced to single isolated

Syn. Close, adjacent, contiguous, proximate, As a penurious nigrard of his wealth. Milton.

present. cells. The species are small and incon. Be niggards of advice on no pretence. Pope.

Nigh (ni), adv. 1. Near; at a small distance spicuous, growing on the ground among de

2. A false bottom for a grate. Grose. Nig in place or time, or in the course of events. caying sticks, dung, &c.

gards, generally called niggers.' Mayhew. Nidularium (ni-du-lā'ri-um), n. [L. nidu

For indeed he was sick, nigh unto death. Phil. ii. 27. lus, a little nest, dim. of nidus, a nest.] In Niggard (nig’érd), a. Miserly; meanly covet

Meet displeasure farther from the doors, bot. the mycelium of certain fungi. ous; sordidly parsimonious; sparing; stinted.

And grapple with him ere he comes so nigh, Nidulate (nid'ú-lat), a.

In bot. the same

"To our demands niggard in his reply.'

2. In a near or touching manner; coming Nidulant. Nidulate (ni'dū-lāt), v. i. (See NIDULANT.)

Niggard (nig’érd), v.t. To stint; to supply home to the heart.
sparingly. (Rare.]

Freeze, freeze, thou bitter sky,
To build a nest; to nidificate. Cockeram.
Nidulation (nid-ū-lä'shon), n.

That dost not bite so righ,
The time of

The deep of night is crept upon our talk,
And nature must obey necessity;

As benefits forgot.

Shak. remaining in the nest, as of a bird. Sir T.

Which we will niggard with a little rest. Shak. 3. Almost; nearly. Broune,

Niggard (nigʻérd), v.i. To be miserly. Shak. Was I for this nigh wreck'd upon the sea ! Nidulite (ni'dū-līt), n. [L. nidus, a nest, Niggardiset (nigʻérd-īz), 1. Niggardliness: Nigh (ni), prep.

Shak. and Gr. lithos, a stone.) A fossil organism, avarice. “Twere pity thou by niggardise

Near to; at no great dispossibly akin to the Bryozoa, but of larger

tance from. shouldst thrive.' Drayton.

But was not this nigh shore.' size. They occur in the Silurian, and have Niggardish (nig'erd-ish), a.


Somewhat their name from being at first taken for egg

Night this recess, with terrour they survey, covetous or niggardly.

Where death maintains his dread tyrannick sway. masses.

Garth. Nidus (ni'dus), n. [L., a nest. ) 1. Any part

Niggardliness (nig'erd-li-nes), n. The qual

ity of being niggardly; mean covetousness; Nigh (nī), v.t. To come near to; as, to nigh of a living organism where a parasite finds sordid parsimony; extreme avarice mani

the shore. 'Love gan nigh me nere.' Chaunourishment. --2. In med. the seat of a zy

fested in sparing expense. *Niggardliness motic disease; the part of the organism where such a disease is developed. is not good husbandry.' Addison.

Nigh (ni), v.i. To approach; to advance or Niggardly (nig érd-li), a. Meanly covetous

draw near. The poison of small.pox has its nidus in the deep or avaricious; sordidly parsimonious; ex Now day is done and night is nighing fast. layer of the skin; hence its characteristic eruption. Dr. T. 1. Maclagan. tremely sparing of anything.

Spenser: Niece (nės), n. (Fr. nièce, O.Fr. niepce, from Where the owner of the house will be bountiful, it Nighlyt (ni'li), adv. Nearly; within

a little;

almost is not for the steward to be niggardly. Bp. Hall. L neptis, a granddaughter, allied to nepos,

A cube and a sphere of the same I do it like a niggardly answerer. Sir P. Sidney. nepolis, á nephew (which see).) 1.7 A rela

metal and nighly of the same bigness.'

Locke, tion in general, but especially a descendant Syn. Covetous, parsimonious, sparing, mis- Nighness (ni'nes), n. The state of being male or female. In the following passage erly, penurious, sordid.

nigh; nearness; proximity in place, time, or Shakspere applies it to a granddaughter. Niggardly (nig'èrd-li), adv. In a niggard

degree. “The nighness of her father's house.' My riece Plantagenet, manner; sparingly; with cautious parsi

Wood. Led in the hand of her kind aunt of Gloster.

mony. Sir T. More. Rich. III. iv. I.

Night (nīt), n. [A. Sax. niht, neaht, a word This word (niece)... is now applied to the female Niggardness t (nig'èrd-nes), n. Niggardli

spread through the Indo-European lanness. sex alone, to the daughter of a brother or sister, be

Sir P. Sidney.

guages; Icel. nótt, natt, Sw. natt, Dan. nat, ing once used ... for children's children, male and Niggardshipt (nig érd-ship), n. Niggardli Goth. nahts, D. and G. nacht; cog. Ir. female alike. Trench. ness; stinginess. Sir T. Elyot.

nochd, W. nos, Armor, nóz, Lith, naktis, L. 2. The daughter of a brother or sister; also, Niggardyt (nig'erd-i), n. Niggardliness.

nox, noctis, Gr. nyx, nyktos, Skr. nakti, the daughter of a brother or sister in law. Gower.

nakta-night. Supposed to be from a Nieft (nef), n. A fist. See NEAF. Nigger (nig'er), n. 1. A negro: in deprecia

root nak (Skr. nac), to vanish, to perish.] Niello (ni-el'lo), n. [It., from L. L. nigellum, tion or derision.-2. A term often applied

1. That part of the natural day when the a blackish enamel, from L. nigellus, dim. to other coloured race; more particularly to

sun is beneath the horizon, or the time of niger, black.] A method of ornament the natives of the East Indies. [Vulgar.) from sunset to sunrise. See Day.--2. Fig. ing metal plates much practised in the Though he be a nigger, he seemed to me a right a state or time of darkness, depression, mismiddle ages, and which gave rise to copper gracious and noble sort of monarch.

W. H. Russell.

fortune, and the like; as (a) a state of ignorplate engraving. The lines of a design were cut in the metal, and filled up with a black 3. A species of Holothuria, so called by the

ance; intellectual darkness; as, the night Cornish fishermen. It is very common in

of the middle ages. (6) Obscurity; a state or coloured composition, which gave effect to the intaglio picture. deep water off the Deadman.--4. A local

of concealment from the eye or the mind. Niest (nēst), a.

Nature and nature's laws lay hid in right: Next. Niest day their life name for the larva of the saw-fly Athalia

God said, 'Let Newton be,' and all was light. Pope. is past enduring.' Burns. (Scotch.)

spinarum, so destructive to the turnip-crop.

(c) The darkness of death or the grave. Nieve (nēv), 11. (A Scandinavian word. See Nigger (nig'er), n. NEAF.) The fist. (Scotch.)

Niggett (nij'et), n. Same as Nidget. Change She closed her eyes in everlasting night. Dryden. Nievefu' (név'fu), n. A handful. Burns.

ling, 1653.

(d) A time of sadness or sorrow; a dreary (Scotch.)

Niggisht, (nigʻish), a. Niggardly; stingy; period. 'In the night of fear.' Tennyson. Niffer (nif'er), v. t. (From Sc. nieve, the mean. 'A most niggish and miserable man.

His inner day can never die, fist.) To exchange or barter. [Scotch.) Copley:

His right of loss is always there. Tennyson. Niffer (piffér), n. An exchange; a barter.

Nigglet (nig?), v.i. [From a root seen in A. (Scotch.) Sax. hnyglan, hnygela, parings, shreds; Prov.

Night is much used in composition as a first

element in compounds, many of which are Niffy-naffy, Niff-naffy (nif'i-naf'i, nif'naf-i),

E. nig, to clip money.] 1. To trifle; to be em-
ployed with trifling; to work pettily like Night-angling (nīt'ang-gling), n,

a. Fastidious; conceited; troublesome about
trifles. Thae nifi nafy gentles that gie sae
one that trifles or plays.

ling for or catching fish in the night. mnckle fash wi' their fancies.' Sir W.

Take heed, daughter, Night-bell (nīt'bel), n. A door-bell, as at Scott. (Scotch.)

You niggle not with your conscience and religion.


the house of a physician, to be rung at Niflet (nif'l), n. (Norm.) A trifle. He 2. To act or walk in a mincing manner.

night. served hem with nifles and with fables.' Halliwell. (Provincial English.]-3. To fret Night-bird (nīt'berd), n. 1. A bird that Chaucer.

or complain of trifles. Halliweủ. (Provin flies only in the night. Hammond. --2. The Niflheim (nēfihim), n. [Icel, nisl, mist, and cial English.]

nightingale. Shak. [Rare.) heim, home. In Scand. myth. the region Nigglet (nigʻi), v.t. 1. To play on contemptu-Night-blindness(nītblind-nes), n. A disease of endless cold and everlasting night, ruled ously; to make sport or game of; to mock. in which the eyes enjoy the faculty of seeover by Hela.

I shall so niggle ye

ing whilst the sun is above the horizon, but Nifing (nifling), a. (From nifle.] Trifling;

And juggle ye.

Beau. & FI. are incapable of seeing by the aid of artifiof small importance or value. 2. To draw out unwillingly; to squeeze out

cial light. See HEMERALOPIA and NYCTAnisling toy, that's worse than nothing.'

LOPIA. or hand out slily. Lady Alimony, 1659. Nig (nig), v.t. [Older form of nidge, per I had but one poor penny, and that I was obliged Night-born (nīt born), a. Produced in dark

* Errour's night-born children.' Mir. to nirgle out, and buy a holly wand, to grace him haps from Prov. E. nig, a small piece, a chip. ) through the streets.


for Mags. In masonry, same as Nidge (which see).

One who Nigard, t n.

Niggle (nig?), n.
A niggard. Chaucer.

Small cramped handwrit- Night-brawler (nīt'bral-ér), n.

excites brawls or makes a tumult at night. Nigardie, t n Niggardliness. Chaucer.

ing; a scribble; a scrawl.

Shak. Nigella (ni-jella), n. [A dim. from L. niger,

Sometimes it is a little close niggie. T. Hook.

Night-breeze (nītbrēz), n. A breeze blow. black, from the black seed, which is the Nigglert (nigler), n. 1. One that niggles or ing in the night. part of the plant known in cookery.) Fen trilles at any handiwork.-2. One that is Night-butterfly (nīt'but-ér-fli), n. One of nel flowers, a genus of annual plants, nat. dexterous. Grose. (Provincial English.] the nocturnal lepidoptera; a moth.

The ang

“A poor


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