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In gold

Night-cap (nīt'kap), n. 1. A cap worn in ouzels; often called in poetry Philomela or be irregularity of the circulation in the bed.-2. A cant term for toddy or some si- Philomel. The nightingale sings at night, chest or brain, and the disorder is genermilar potation taken before going to bed. and its famed chant is the love song of the ally due to repletion and indigestion, but

In the evening Mr. Jorrocks celebrated the events male, which ceases when the female has sometimes to the fact of the sufferer lying with a couple of bottles of fine fruity port, and a hatched her brood. It is a native of many in an awkward position in bed. - 3. Any night-cap of the usual beverage. Novel of Handley Cross. parts of Europe and Asia, and of the north overpowering, oppressive, or stupefying in

fluence. of Africa. It is migratory, extending its Night-cart (nīt kärt), n. A cart used to re

summer migrations as far north as the Night-piece (nīt pēs), n. 1. A picture repremove the contents of privies by night.

Same as Night

south of Sweden. In England, where it apNight-chair (nīt'chār), n.

senting some night scene, or so painted as pears about the middle of April, it seems to to show to the best advantage by artificial stool.

be rather a local bird, some parts appearing light. -2. A piece of literary composition Night-charm (nīt'chärm), n. Same as Night

descriptive of a scene by night. spell. Night-churr (nit'chér), n. Same as Night

His (Parnell's) night-piece on Death was indirectly jar. Both names are from the bird's cry.

preferred by Goldsinith to Gray's celebrated Elegy

Robert Carruthers. Night-clothes (nīt klorhz), n. pl. Clothes

Night-porter (nīt'por-ter), n. A servant worn in bed. Night-crow (nīt'kro), n. A bird that cries

who sits up all night in a hotel, infirmary,

&c., to attend to arrivals and departures, in the night: according to some an owl, ac

&c. cording to others a night-heron. Shak.

Night-railt (nīt'ral), n. (Night, and A. Sax. 3 Hen. VI. v. 6. Night-dew (nīt'dū), n. The dew formed in

hrægl, a garment or robe.] A loose robe or

garment worn over the dress at night. the night. "Sleeping flowers beneath the

Night-rails of forty pounds apiece.' Masnight-dew sweat. Dryden. Night-dog (nīt'dog), n. A dog that hunts

singer. in the night, used by poachers. Shak.

I could wager a rose-noble from the posture she Night-dress (nīt'dres), n. A dress worn at

stands in that she has clean head-gear and a soiled night-rail.

Sir W. Scott. night. Pope. Nighted (nīt'ed), a. Darkened; clouded;

Nightingale (Luscini philomela).

Night-raven (nīt'rā-vn), n. A fowl of ill black. Ħis nighted life.' Shak. [Rare.]

omen that cries in the night. The hoarse Nightertalet (nīt'ėr-tāl), n. (A. Sax. nihteto be quite unsuited to its habits; the nor

night-raven, trump of doleful drere.' Spentale, lit. night tale or reckoning; the r is an

thern counties are seldom visited, and in intrusive element.) The nocturnal portion

Scotland and Ireland it is unknown. It Night-rule (nīt'röl), n. A tumult or frolic of the day; the night-time.

feeds on caterpillars and other larvæ, fre- in the night. So hote he loved, that by nightertale quents hedges and thickets, and builds its

How now, mad spirit? He slept no more than doth a nightingale, nest on the ground or near it, laying four What night-rule now about this haunted grove?

Shak. Chancer. or five eggs of a blue colour. The young

Night-rule therefore may, I think, better be interNight-eyed (nītid), a. Having eyes suited are hatched in June, and are prepared to

preted such conduct as generally rules in the night. for seeing well at night; sharp-eyed. “Your accompany their parents in their southward

Nares. night-eyed Tiberius.' B. Jonson.

migration in August. It is solitary in its Night-season (nīt'sē-zn), n. The time of Nightfall (nīt'fal), n. The fall of night; the habits, never associating in flocks like most

night. Ps. xxii. 2. close of the day; evening: Swift. of the smaller birds.

Nightshade (nīt'shād), n. [A. Sax, nihtNight-faring (nīt'far-ing), a. Travelling in Nightingale (nīt'in-gāl), n. (From Florence scada, lit. the shade or shadow of night; so the night. Night-faring clowns. Gay. Nightingale. ) A sort of flannel scarf, with

also D. nachtschade, G. nachtschatten, the Night-fire (nīt'fir), n. 1. Ignis fatuus; Will- sleeves, for persons confined to bed. Largely nightshade.) 1.7 The darkness of night. o'-the-wisp, Jack-o'-lantern.-2. Fire burn- used by the sick and wounded in the 'The dark nightshade.' Phaer.-2. The Ènging in the night. Franco-German war, 1870-71,

lish name of various species of plants, chiefly Night-fly (nīt'flí), n. An insect that flies in Nightisht (nīt'ish), a. Pertaining to night, of the genus Solanum. The woody nightthe night. or attached to the night. Turberville.

shade (S. DulNight-flyer (nīt'fi-ér), n. An animal that Night-jar (nīt'jär), n. (Jar or churr is from

camara), and flies in the night. the sound of its voice.] One of the British

common or Night-fossicker (nīt'fos-ik-ér), n. names of the Caprimulgus europæus, or

garden nightdigging, one who robs a digging by night. goat-sucker: known also as the Night-churr,

shade (S. niSee FOSSICK. Churn-owl, Fern-owl.

grum), Night-fossicking (nīt'fos-ik-ing),n. In gold- Night-lamp (nīt'lamp), n. A lamp to be

British plants, digging, the practice of robbing diggings by kept burning during the night.

the first grownight. See FOSSICK. Nightless (nitles), a. Having no night; as,

ing in hedges Night-foundered (nīt'found-érd),a. Lost or the nightless period in the arctic regions.

and among distressed in the night. Milton.

Night-light (nit
lit), n. A short, thick can-

bushes, and Night-glass (nit' glas), n. A telescope so dle or taper for burning at night in the bed

the latter in constructed as to concentrate as much light room, and which for safety is often placed

gardens, fields, as possible, so as to enable objects to be in a dish of water.

and waste seen at night. Night-long (nītlong), a. Lasting a night.

places. The Night-gown (nīt'goun), n.

A loose gown
Sleep, kinsman thou to death and trance

root and leaves worn in bed; a night-dress. Shak. And madness, thou hast forged at last

of S. DulcamNight-hag (nīt'hag), n. A witch supposed A night-long Present of the Past

ara are narcoto wander or fly abroad in the night.

In which we went thro' summer France.

tic, and have Nor uglier follows the night-hag, when called Nightly (nītli), a. 1. Done by night; hap

been applied In secret, riding through the air, she comes. pening in the night, or appearing in the

to various meMilton.

night; as, nightly sports; nightly dews. Woody Nightshade (Solanum dicinal uses. Night-hawk(nīt'hak), n. A species of goat

May the stars and shining moon attend
sucker (Chordeiles virginianus), family Ca-

The berries, if
Your nightly sports.

not absolutely primulgidæ, a bird universally known in the United States. It is 94 inches in length, 2. Done every night; as, the watch goes his

poisonous, are suspicious. S. nigrum is fetid and 23 in extent of wing; the upper parts nightly round. – 3.1 Used in the night.

and narcotic, and has also been employed Nightly linen.' are of a very deep blackish-brown, thickly


medicinally. (See SOLANUM.) Deadly night

shade is Atropa Belladonna; the American sprinkled with minute spots and streaks of Nightly (nīt'li), adv. 1.7 By night. a pale cream colour on the back and head.

Chain me with roaring bears,

nightshade is of the genus Phytolacca; the

Or shut me nightly in a charnel-house. Shak. It is a bird of strong and vigorous flight,

bastard nightshade of the genus Rivina;the

enchanter's nightshade of the genus Circea; and its prey consists of beetles and other 2. Every night.

the Malabar nightshade of the genus Balarge insects.

And nightly to the list'ning earth

sella; and the three-leaved nightshade of the Night-heron (nīt'he-run), n. A species of Repeats the story of her birth. Addison.

genus Trillium. Nycticorax, a genus of Grallatores, or wad-Night-magistrate (nīt'maj-is-trāt), n. А

Night-shirt (nīt'shért), 10. A plain loose ing birds, belonging to the family Ardeida constable of the night; the head of a watch- shirt for sleeping in. (herons and cranes). The species occur in house.

Night-shoot (ditshöt), n. A place for castEurope, Asia, Africa, and America. The Night-man (nīt'man), n. One who removes ing night-soil. common night-heron is the N. Gardeni or filth from privies in towns in the night. Night-side (nīt'sīd), n. The side or aspect europæus. It is about 20 inches in length Nightmare (nītmār), n. (Night, and A. Sax.

presented by night; the dark, mysterious, and has three long narrow feathers proceed- mara, incubus, nightmare. ] 1. A kind of

ominous, or gloomy side. The night-side ing from the nape of the neck, and hanging hag or female fiend formerly supposed to of nature.' Mrs. Crowe. backwards. cause nightmare; an incubus.

Night-sight. See DAYBLINDNESS. Night-house (nīt' hous), n. A tavern or Hark! the death-owl loud doth sing,

Night-snapt (nīt' snap), n. A night thief. public-house permitted to be open during To the nightmares as they go. Chatterton.

Beau. & Fl. the night.

2. A state of oppression or feeling of suffo. Night-soil (nit' soil), n. (From its being The coach-stands in the larger thoroughfares are cation which sometimes comes on during generally removed in the night.] The condeserted; the night-houses are closed. Dickens.

sleep, and is accompanied by a feeling of tents of privies, &c., employed as a manure. Nightingale (nīt'in-gāl), n. (A.Sax. nihtegale, intense anxiety, fear, or horror, the sufferer This is found to be a very powerful manure, lit. the night-singer, from niht, night, galan, feeling an enormous weight on his breast, and very liable to decompose. Its value to sing; 0. Sax. nahtigala, D.nachtegaal, Dan. and imagining that he is pursued by a phan- in this respect depends on the salts and amnattergal, G. nachtigall, all corresponding tom, monster, or wild beast, or threatened monia of the fæces, and also in a great meacompounds. Then medial is an intrusive by some other danger from which he can sure on the ammoniacal and other salts of element, as in passenger, messenger.) A small make no exertion to escape. The sufferer the urine. dentirostral passerine bird of the genus Lus- wakens after a short time in a state of great Night-spell (nīt'spel), n. A night-charm; a cinia (L. philomela), and family Luscinidæ terror, the body often covered with sweat. charm or spell against accidents at night; or Turdidæ, and nearly allied to the water- The proximate cause of nightmare is said to a charm against the nightmare. Chaucer.






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Night-steed (nīt'stēd), n. One of the horses which must consist in the carrying out of Nimble-witted (nim'bl-wit-ed), a. Quick

represented as harnessed to the chariot of the principle of common property in land, witted; ready to reply. Bacon. Night. Milton.

and of communistic principles generally: Nimbly (nim'bli), adv. In a nimble manner; Night-stool (nīt'stöl), n. A bed-room close- They hesitate at no crime which they sup- with agility; with light, quicķ motion. stool; a bed-pan; a portable water-closet for pose may in any way further their cause,

He capers nimbly in a lady's chamber. Shak. a bed-room.

and the assassination of men in power is Night-taper (nīt'tā-për), n. A candle used one of their approved weapons, as witness

Nimbooka (nim-bö'ka), n. An Indian name

for the lemon. in the night. Shak.

the assassination of the Emperor Alexander Nimbose (nimbās), a. (L. nimbus, a rainNight-tripping, (uīt'trip-ing), a. Tripping II.

cloud.] Cloudy; stormy; tempestuous. Ash. about in the night. Some night-tripping Nihilistic (nī-hil-ist’ik), a. Relating to the fairy' Shak. doctrine of nihilism; characterized by nihil. Nimbus (nim'bus), 17. L., a cloud.] 1. A

[Rare.) Night-waking (nīt'wak-ing), a. Watching ism; as, nihilistic views. in the night. Foul night-waking cat.' Shak. Nihility (ni-hilli-ti), n. (See NIHILISM.] A

term applied in art, especially in sacred Night-walk (nīt'wak), n.

art, to a kind of halo or disc surrounding A walk in the state of being nothing; nothingness. evening or night. Nikarr, Nikker, n.

the head in representations of divine or

See HNIKARR. Night-walker (nīt'wak-ėr), n. 1. One that Nil (nil), n. (L.) Nothing; as, his liabilities walks in his sleep; a somnambulist.–2. One were over £5000 and his assets nil. In comthat roves about in the night for evil pur- merce this term is often used in accounts or poses; a nocturnal vagrant, pilferer, or dis- in book-keeping to cancel the entry to which turber of the peace.

it refers. Night-walking (nīt'wąk-ing), n. 1. Walking Nilghau (nil/ga), n. Same as Nylghau.

in one's sleep; somnambulism.-2. A roving Nill (nil), v. t. pret. nilled or nould. [A. Sax. in the streets at night with evil designs. nillan, that is, ne, not, and willan, to will; Night-walking (nit'wak-ing), a. Walking comp. L. nolo - ne, not, and volo, to wish.] about at night. Shak.

Not to will; to refuse; to reject. Night-wanderer (nīt'won-dér-ér), n. One Certes, said he, I nill thine offer'd grace. Spenser. who wanders by night; a nocturnal tra

Nill + (nil), v.i. Not to will; to will not; to veller. Shak.

be unwilling. Night - wandering (nīt'won-der-ing), a. And will you, nill you, I will marry you. Shak. Wandering or roaming by night. Night- NW (nil), n. 1. The shining sparks of brass wandering weasels.' Shak. Nightward (nit'wėrd), a. Approaching to

in trying and melting the ore. Bailey.ward night. Nightward studies, where

2. Scales of hot iron from the forge. E. H. with they close the day's work.'' Milton.

Knight. [Rare.)

Nillée (nilē), a. In her. same as Nyllée. Night-watch (nit'woch), n. 1. A watch or

Nilly. See WILLY-NILLY. period in the night. -2. A watch or guard Nillometer (ni-lom’et-ér), 1. [Ģr. Neilos, in the night. Shak.

Nile, and metron, measure.] An instrument Night-watcher (nīt'woch-ér), n. One that

for measuring the rise of water in the Nile watches in the night, especially with evil

during its periodical floods. The Nilometer

in the island of Rhoda (Er-Ródah), opposite designs. Night-watchman (nīt'woch-man), n.

to Cairo, consists of a slender graduated One

pillar standing in a well which communiappointed to act as a watchman during the

The Nimbus as variously represented in Sacred cates with the river. The pillar is divided and Legendary Art.-1, God the Father.

2 and 3, night.

into 24 cubits, each of which measures 21.4 Christ. 4, Charlemagne. 5, Emperor Henry II. Night-witch (nit'wich), n. A night-hag; a

inches. When the inundation reaches the witch that appears in the night. height of 21 cubits it is considered adequate,

sacred personages; as also to a disc or circle Night-yard (nīt'yärd), n. A place where at 24 cubits it is ruinous, as it enters the

sometimes depicted round the heads of emthe contents of cesspools, night-soil, &c.,

dwellings and stores of the inhabitants. perors and other great men. The nimbus of collected during the night are deposited; a Niloscope (nil'ő-skop), n. (Gr. Neilos, Nile,

God the Father is represented as of a triannight-shoot. and skopeo, to see.] Same as Nilometer.

gular form, with rays diverging from it all Nigrescent (nī-gres'ent), a. [L. nigresco, to

round, or in the form shown in the cut; the grow black, from niger, black.] Growing Nilotic (ni-lot'ik),

a. Pertaining to the river Nile in Egypt; as, Nilotic sediment. ‘Amongst

nimbus of Christ contains a cross more or black; changing to a black colour; approach- reeds and Nilotic mud.' De Quincey.

less enriched; that of the Virgin Mary coning to blackness. Johnson.

Nimt (nim), v.t.; old pret. nam. (A. Sax. sists of a circlet of small stars, and that of Nigrification (nig'ri-fi-kā"shon), n. [L.

niman, to take; cog. O. Sax, and Goth. niman, angels and saints is a circle of small rays. niger, black, and facio, to make.] The act of making black. Johnson. 0. Fris. nima, Icel. nema, D. nemen, G.

When the nimbus is depicted of a square

form it indicates that the person was alive Nigrin, Nigrine (ni'grin), n.

nehmen, to take. Numb, nimble are from
An ore of
this stem. It is from this verb that Shak-

at the time of delineation. Nimbus is fretitanium, found in black grains or rolled spere's Nym derives his name.) To take;

quently confounded with Aureola and Glory. pieces, containing about 14 per cent of iron. to steal; to filch.

See AUREOLA, GLORY.-2. A species of cloud It occurs in Ceylon and Transylvania.

They'll question Mars, and by his look,

which produces rain. See CLOUD. Nigritude (nig'ri-tüd), n. (L. nigritudo, from Detect who 'twas that nimm'd a cloak.

Nimiety (nim-i'e-ti), n. (L. nimietas, from niger, black.) Blackness.


nimius, too much.] The state of being too I like to meet a sweep. one of those tender Nimbiferous (nim-bif'er-us), a. [L. nimbus, much; redundancy; excess. (Rare.] novices blooming through their first nigritude, the a rain-cloud, and fero, to bring.] Bringing maternal washings not quite effaced from the cheek,

There is a nimiety, a too muchness, in all Germans. black clouds, rain, or storms. Lamb.

Coleridge. Nigua (nig'wa), n. (Sp.) The chigoe or

Nimble (nim'bl),a! (From nim, to take; 0.E. Nimini-pimini (nim'i-ni-pim'i-ni), a. (Prochigre. nemel, capable, nimber, active; Sc. nimmel,

bably suggested by namby-pamby.) AffecNihil (nī'hil),n. (L.) Nothing.-Nihil album,

nimble; A. Sax. numol, capable, catching. tedly fine or delicate; mincing. Then the a name formerly given to the flowers or Comp. Icel. næmr, keen, sharp, quick at

vowels (in Agatha)—the three broad rich white oxide of zinc. -The word is also used

learning, from nema, to take. See NIM.] a's — which no one can pronounce with in sundry law phrases. Nihil capiat per

Light and quick in motion; moving with nimini-pimini closed lips.' Mrs. Craik. breve (= that he take nothing by his writ), ease and celerity; lively; swift. Nimble Nimini-pimini (nim'i-ni-pim'i-ni), n.

Af. the judgment given against the plaintiff in

lightnings.' Shak. "To snare the nimble fected fineness or delicacy. an action, either in bar thereof or in abate

marmoset.' Shak. 'Not of a nimble tongue.' Nimious t (nim'i-us), a. [L. nimius, too ment of the writ. — Nihil or nil dicit (=he Cowper.

much.) Inordinate; excessive; extravagant. You have a nimble wit.

Shak. says nothing). A judgment by nihil dicit is

Nimmert (nim'ér), n. [From nim.) A when the defendant makes no answer.

You have dancing shoes

thief. Hudibras. With nimble soles.

Shak, Nihil habuit in tenementis (=he had noth

Nincompoop (nin’kom-pöp), n. [A corrup

O friends! I hear the tread of nimble feet ing in the tenement or holding), a plea to

Hasting this way, and now by glimpse discern

tion of L. non compos, not of sound mind.] be made in an action of debt only, brought Ithuriel and Zephon through the shade. Milton. A fool; a blockhead; a simpleton. “A dotard, by a lessor against a lessee for years, or at SYN. Agile, quick, lively, swift, light, brisk,

a nincompoop.' Addison. (Colloq.) will without deed.-Nihil or nil debet (=he expeditious, speedy, alert, active, prompt, Rawdon Crawley paid scarcely any attention to owes nothing), a plea denying a debt. expert.

Dobbin, looking upon him as a good-natured ninNihilism (ni'hil-izm), 1z. [From L. nihil, Nimble-fingered (nim'bl-fing-gèrd),a. Dex


Thackeray. nothing, from ne, not, and hilum, a little thing, a trifle.) 1. Nothingness; nihility.

terous-generally in a bad sense=given to Nine (nīn), a. _[A. Sax. nigon, 0. Sax. and pilfer; as, the nimble-fingered gentry, that

0. Fris. nigun, L.G. and D. negen, G. neun, 2. In metaph. the denial of all existence or is, pickpockets.

Goth. niun: in the Scandinavian tongues the the knowledge of all existence. Nimble-footed (nim'bl-fyt-ed), a. Running

final n is omitted; Icel. niu, Sw. niu, Dan. Nihilism is scepticism carried to the denial of all with speed; light of foot.

ni; cog. W. naw, Ir. naov, L. novem, G existence.

Being nimble.footed, he hath outrun us.

The root is be

Shak. ennea, Skr. navam-nine. 3. The doctrines or principles of the Russian

The state or

lieved to be that of new.) One more than secret society of Nihilists.

Nimbleness (nim'bl-nes), n. Nihilist (ni'hil-ist), n.

eight, or one less than ten.-Nine days' One who holds the quality of being nimble; "lightness and agil

wonder, a subject of astonishment and gosdoctrine or principles of nihilism; a memity in motion; quickness; celerity; speed;

sip for a short time, generally a petty scan. swiftness. ber of a Russian secret society, the adherents

dal.-The nine worthies, famous personages,

'Tis better that the enemy seek us: of which mostly acknowledge materialism

whilst we, lying still,

often alluded to by old writers and classed as their philosophical creed, but are chiefly Are full of rest, defence, and nimbleness. Shak. together, like the seven wonders of the characterized by their social and political Ovid ranged over Parnassus with great nimbleness world, &c. They have been counted up in aims. Their leading idea is that no con

and agility

Addison. the following manner: three Gentiles (ecsiderable advance can be made by mankind Nimble-pinioned (nim'bl-pin-yond), a.. of tor, Alexander, Julius Cæsar); three Jews without an entire reconstitution of society, swift flight. Nimble-pinioned doves.' Shak. (Joshua, David, Judas Maccabæus); and beginning with a sudden economical reform, Nimbless t (nim'bles), n. Nimbleness. three Christians (Arthur of Britain, Charleor rather revolution, the chief features of Spenser.

magne, Godfrey of Bouillon). They were





often introduced in comparisons as to self was metamorphosed by Zeus (Jupiter) of Sheppey, so named from their resemblance bravery.

into a stone which shed tears during the to the nuts of Nipa fruticans, a plant of the Ay, there were some present that were the nine summer. This fable has afforded a subject screw-pine tribe. worthies to him, B. Fonson. for art, and

Nipcheese (nip'chēz), n. One of cheeseNine (nin), nr. The number composed of has given rise

paring habits; a skinflint. [Slang. ] to the beautieight and one; or the number less by a unit

Nipper (nip'er), n. 1. One who or that which than ten; three times three. - The Nine, ful group in

nips.-2. A foretooth of a horse. The nipthe tribune among English poets, a name given to the

pers are four in number, two in the upper at Muses, on account of their number.


and two in the lower jaw.–3. A satirist. known by the

'Ready backbiters, sore nippers, and spiteful Descend ye Nine, descend and sing. Pope. name of Niobe

reporters privily of good men. Ascham. -To the nines, to perfection: generally ap- and her Chil

4. In rope-making, a machine formed of two plied to dress, and sometimes implying dren.

steel plates, with a semi-oval hole in each, excess in dressing; as, he or she was dressed Niobean (ni-7

which enlarges or contracts as the tarring up to the nines. [This phrase may perhaps bē'an), a. Of

of the yarn requires.-5. Naut. (a) a hambe derived from old to then eyne, to the or pertaining

mock with so little bedding as to be unfit eyes, or to the nones, for the nonce or occa- to Niobe; re

for stowing in the nettings. (b) pl. See sion.] sembling Nio

NIPPERS, 2.-6.7 A young thief; a pickNinefold (nin'föld),a. Nine times repeated. be. Tennyson.

pocket. -7. A boy who waits on a gang of This huge convex of fire, Niobite (ni'o

navvies, to fetch them water, carry their Outrageous to devour, immures us round bit), n. One of

tools to the smithy, &c.; a boy who goes Ninefold. Milton. a sect of Mono

about with and assists a costermonger. Nine-holes (nīn'hõlz), n. pl. A game in

physite here

Nipper (nip'er), v.t. Naut. to fasten two which holes are made in the ground, into tics founded

parts of a rope together, in order to prevent which a pellet is to be bowled. by one Ste

it from rendering. - Nippering the cable, fasTh’ unhappy wags which let their cattle stray, phanus, sur

tening the nippers to the cable. See NIPAt nine-holes on the heath while they together play. named Niobes,

PERS, 2,

an Alexandri Niobe.-Antique, Florence. Nipperkin (nip'er-kin), n. A small cup. Nine-killer (nīn'kil-er), n. The popular an rhetorician

Nipper-men (nip'er-men), n. Naut. persons name of the red-backed shrike or butcher- or sophist, who found it inconsistent with employed to bind the nippers about the cable bird of Britain (Lanius collurio), and the Monophysitism to say that our Lord's divin- and messenger. northern butcher-bird (Lanius septentrion- ity and humanity, although united in one Nippers (nip'érz), n. 1. Small pincers. alis) of America. The name nine-killer is nature, yet retained unaltered the attributes 2. Naut. certain lengths of the best ropederived from the popular belief that the corresponding to their proper essence. Rev. yarn, fastened together, and employed to bird catches and impales nine of the animals Orby Shipley.

secure the cable to the messenger when on which it feeds before it begins its meal. Niobium (ni-o'bi-um), n. (From Niobe.] A drawing up the anchor. Nine-pence (nīn'pens), n. A silver coin of rare metal discovered in 1801 in a black Nipperty-tipperty (nip'er-ti-tip'er-ti), a. the value of Òd., no longer current.

mineral called columbite from North Ame- Light-headed; silly; foolish ; frivolous. Nine-pins (nīn'pinz), n. pl. A game with

rica. It is obtained by reducing the double (Scotch.) nine pins or pieces of wood set on end, at fluoride of niobium and potassium with He's crack-brained and cockle-headed about his which a bowl is rolled for throwing them sodium; and forms a black powder insoluble nipperty-lipperty poetry nonsense. Sir W. Scott. down. Called also American Bowls.

in nitric acid, but readily soluble in a mix- | Nippingly (nip'ing-li), adv. In a nipping Nineteen (nin'tēn), a. [A. Sax. nigontyne,

ture of nitric and hydrofluoric acids. Sym. manner; with bitter sarcasm; sarcastically. ie. nine, ten.] Nine and ten.

Nb. At. wt. 98. Called also Columbium. Johnson. Nineteen (nin'tēn), n. The sum of nine and Nip (nip), .v.t. pret. & pp: nipped or nipt; Nippitate+ (nip'it-āt), a. [From nip, the ten, or one less than twenty. ppr. nipping. (A word not found in A. Sax.,

verb.) A term applied to ale or other liquor Nineteenth (nīn'tēnth), a. The ordinal of but which is evidently connected with a that is peculiarly good and strong. nineteen. number of words in the other Teutonic lan

'Twill make a cup of wine taste nippitale. Nineteenth (nīn'tēnth), n. A nineteenth guages, generally having an initial guttural;

Chapman. part; the quotient of a unit divided by comp. Dan. nippe, to twitch, nippetang, Nippitato,t Nippitatumt (nip-i-tā'to, nipnineteen.

tweezers (nipping-tongs), knibe, to nip, to i-ta'tum), n. (A mock Latin word formed Ninetieth (nīn'ti-eth), a. The ordinal of pinch; D. knippen, to nip, to clip, to snap, from the preceding.) Strong liquor. ninety.

nijpen, to pinch, to nip, nijptang, pincers; Lady, 'tis true, you need not lay your lips Ninetieth (nīn'ti-eth), n. A ninetieth part; Icel. hneppa, to cut short, to curtail, kneif, To better nippitato than there is. Beaut. & FI. the quotient of a unit divided by ninety. nippers, pincers; G. kneipen, kneifen, to Ninety (nin'ti), n. [A. Sax. (hund) nigontig pinch, to nip, knippen, to illip.] 1. To catch Nipple (nip1), n. [A. Sax. nypele; probably

connected with nip, a sip, L.G. nippen, -nigon, nine, and tig, ten. See HUNDRED.] or inclose and compress sharply and tightly

Dan. nippe, to sip.) 1. The spongy protuberNine times ten. between two surfaces or points, as of the

ance by which milk is drawn from the Ninety (nin'ti), a. Nine times ten; as, ninety fingers; to pinch.

breasts of females; a pap; a teat-2. The years.

May this hard earth cleave to the Nadir hell, orifice at which any animal liquor is sepaNinety-knot (nīn'ti-not), n. A popular

Down, down, and close again, and nip me flat,

If I be such a traitress. name of the plant Polygonum aviculare.


rated. Derham.-3. Anything that projects

like a nipple, as that part of a percussionNine-worthinesst (nin'wer-Thi-nes), n. А 2. To cut, bite, or pinch off the end or point; mock title applied to a person as if he was to pinch off with the ends of the fingers or Nipple (nip'?), v.t. To furnish with a nipple

lock over which the cap is placed. one of, or to be ranked along with, the cele- pincers; to sever smartly.-3. To blast, as by

or nipples; to cover with nipple-like protubbrated nine worthies. See under NINE. frost; to destroy; to check the growth or

erances. The foe, for dread

vigour of. Nipt to death by him that was Nipple-shield (nip1-shēld), n. A defence of your nine-worthiness, is fled. Hudibras. a God.' Tennyson.-4. To benumb; to chill;

for the nipple, worn by women. Ninny (nin'i), n. [A contr. for nincompoop. ]

to affect with a sharp tingling sensation.

Nipplewort (nip'l-wert), n. "When blood is nipt and ways be foul.' Shak.

A plant of the A fool; a simpleton. 5. To bite; to vex.

genus Lapsana (L. communis), nat. order Some say, compar'd to Bononcini

Compositæ, growing commonly as a weed That Mynheer Handel's but a niny. Byrom.

And sharp remorse his heart did prick and nip. by the sides of ditches and in waste places.

Spenser. Ninnyhammer (nin'i-ham-ér), n. A simple6.+ To satirize keenly; to taunt sarcasti- Nipter (nip'ter), n. [Gr. niptēr, a basin,

See LAPSANA. ton. * An old ninnyhammer. Addison. cally. 'Foolish simpleton! bewildered ninnyham- But the right gentle mind would bite his lip

washing vessel, from nipto, to wash.] Eccles. iner.' J. Baillie.

To hear the javel so good men nip. Spenser.

the ceremony of washing the feet practised

in the Greek and some other churches on Ninnyhammering (nin'i-ham-er-ing), a. 7. To steal. (Old cant.)- To nip in the bud,

Good Friday, in imitation of the act of our Foolish. Sterne. to kill or destroy in the first stage of growth;

Saviour. In monasteries the abbot and Ninsin, Ninzen (nin'sin, nin'zen), nr. In to cut off before development. - To nip in twelve monks took part in the ceremony. med. the bitter root of an umbelliferous the blossom, t same sense. Marvell. - To nip Nirles (nėrlz), n. A popular name of a plant, Sium ninsi, possessing qualities simi- the cable (naut.), is to tie or secure it with a lar to those of ginseng, but weaker. seizing:

variety of the skin disease herpes; herpes Ninth (ninth), a.

phlyctænodes, or miliary herpes of Bateman. The ordinal of nine; de- Nip (nip), n. 1. A pinch with the points of signating the number nine, the next preced- the fingers, nails, teeth, or with something Nirvana (nir-vä'na), n. [Skr. nir, out, and

vina, blown; lit. blown out.) According ing ten; as, the ninth day or month.

sharp. Ninth (ninth), n.

to the teaching of Buddhism, the condition 1. The quotient of a unit I am sharply taunted, yea, sometimes with pinches, divided by nine; a ninth part. -2. In music, nips, and bobs.


of one who has attained to the highest state

to which a sentient being can reach, and has (a) an interval containing an octave and a 2. A cutting, pinching, or twitching off.

accordingly become free from desire for tone. (6) The chord of the dominant seventh 3. A blast; a killing of the ends of plants;

material or immaterial existence, from pride with the second of the higher octave added. destruction by frost.-4. A biting sarcasm;

and self-righteousness and ignorance. One - Ninth part of a man, a jocular phrase ap- a taunt.-5. A thief. [Old cant.]

who has attained this condition will at death plied to a tailor.

They allot such countries to this band of foists, Ninthly (nīnth'li), adv.

pass entirely out of existence. In the ninth such townes to those, and such a city to so many place.



What then is Nirvana, which means simply going

out, extinction; it being quite clear, from what has Niobe (ni'6-bē), n. In Greek myth. the daugh- 6. Naut. (a) a short turn in a rope. (b) The gone before, that this cannot be the extinction of a ter of Tantalus, and one of the Pleiades, part of a rope at the place bound by a seiz- soul? It is the extinction of that sinful, grasping conmarried to Amphion, king of Thebes. Proud ing or caught by jamming.

dition of mind and heart, which would otherwise,

according to the great mystery of Karma, be the of her numerous progeny, she provoked the Nip (nip), n. [D. and L.G. nippen, Dan.

cause of renewed individual existence. That extinc. anger of Apollo and Artemis (Diana), by nippe, G. nipfen, to sip.) A sip or small

tion is to be brought about by, and runs parallel with, boasting over their mother Leto (Latona), draught, especially of some strong spirituous the growth of the opposite condition of mind and who had no other children but those two. beverage; as, a nip of brandy.

heart, and it is complete when that opposite condi

tion of mind and heart is reached. Nirvana is thereShe was punished by having all her children Nipadites (ni-pa-di'tēz), n. A fossil genus

fore the same thing as a sinless, calı state of mind : put to death by those two deities. She her- of palm nuts, occurring in the tertiary clays and if translated at all, may best, perhaps, be rendered NIS



holiness-holiness, that is, in the Buddhist sense, works. Ņ. tridentata has been supposed to nitre, and fero, to bear.) Nitre-bearing; as, perfect peace, goodness, and wisdom. be the true lotus tree of the ancients.

nitriferous strata. Rhys Davids. Nist (niz). [Ne and is.] Is not.

Nitrate (ni'trāt), n. A salt of nitric acid. Nitrification (ni'tri-fi-kā"shon), n. The proFor nothing can endure where order nis.

The nitrates are generally soluble in water, cess of forming or converting into nitre. Sir P. Sidney. and easily decomposed by heat. They are

The presence of water may indeed be considered Nisan (ni'zan), n. A month of the Jewish much employed as oxidizing agents, and as one of the conditions essential to nitrification. calendar, the first month of the sacred year may be prepared by the action of nitric acid

Dr. Lyon Playfair. and seventh of the civil year, answering on metals or on metallic oxides. - Nitrate of Nitrify (ni'tri-fi), v. t. [Nitre, and L. facio, nearly to our March. It was originally potash, nitre. See NITRE.- Nitrate of silver. to make.) To convert into nitre. Ure. called Abib, but began to be called Nisan When silver is oxidized and dissolved by Nitrify (ni'tri-fi), v.i. - To become nitre. after the captivity.

nitric acid diluted with two or three times Nitrine (ni'trin), n. A kind of nitro-glycerine Nisberry (niz'be-ri), n. Same as Naseberry. its weight of water it forms a solution which patented by Nobel, a Swedish engineer, in Nisey + (nì'si), n. "(From nice, foolish.) A yields transparent tabular crystals on cool- 1866. fool; a simpleton. Hudibras Redivivus, ing, which are called nitrate of silver. When Nitrite (ni'trit), n. A salt of nitrous acid. 1707.

fused the nitrate is of a black colour, and -Nitrite of amyl. See AMYL. Nisi (ni'sī). (L.) Unless.-Decree nisi, in may be cast into small sticks in a mould; Nitro-aerial (ni'tro-ā-ë"ri-al), a. Consisting law, see under DECREE.

these sticks form the lapis infernalis or of or containing nitre and air. Ray. Nisi prius (ni'si pri'us), n. [L.) A law

lunar caustic employed by surgeons as a Nitro-benzol, Nitro-benzole (ni-tro-ben'phrase meaning "unless before,' and occur- cautery. It is sometimes employed for giving zől), n. (CHNO2.) A liquid prepared by ring originally in a writ by which the sheriff a black colour to the hair, and is the basis adding benzol drop by drop to fuming nitric of a county was commanded to bring the of the indelible ink for marking linen. Its acid. It closely resembles oil of bitter men impannelled as jurors in a civil action solution is always kept in the laboratory as almonds in flavour, and though it has taken to the court at Westminster on a certain

a test for chlorine and hydrochloric acid. a prominent place amongst the narcotic day, 'unless before' that day the justices

Called also Argentic Nitrate.-Nitrate of poisons, it is largely employed, as a substicame thither (that is, to the county in ques

soda, a salt analogous in its chemical pro- tute for that oil, in the manufacture of contion) to hold the assizes, which they were perties to nitrate of potash or nitre. It fectionery and in the preparation of peralways sure to do. Whence the writ, as

commonly crystallizes in obtuse rhombohe- fumery. It is important as a source of aniwell as the commission, received the name drops. It is found plentifully in Peru, and line in the manufacture of dyes. It is known of nisi prius. The judges of assize, by vir- is imported into England from America. It also as Essence of Mirbane, a fancy name tue of their commission of nisi prius, try

is used as a manure and as a source of nitric given to it by M. Collas of Paris. See ANIthe civil causes thus appointed in their sev

acid. Called also Sodic Nitrate and Cubic LINE. eral circuits, being said to sit at nisi prius, Nitre.

Nitro-calcite (ni-tro-kal'sīt), n. Native niand the courts in which these actions are Nitratin, Nitratine (ni'tra-tin), n. Native trate of lime. It occurs as a pulverulent tried being called courts of nisi prius, or

nitrate of sodium, occurring in transparent efflorescence on old walls and limestone nisi prius courts. A trial at nisi prius

crystals in large beds on the northern fron- rocks, has a sharp bitter taste, and is of a may be defined in general as a trial, before tier of Chili, where it rests on marl. It is grayish-white colour. This is said to be a judge and jury, of a civil action that has used as a manure, and also in the produc- the form in which the so-called nitre for been brought in one of the superior courts. tion of nitric acid.

the most part occurs. Nisi prius record, a document containing Nitre (ni'tėr), n. [Fr. nitre, L. nitrum, Gr. Nitro-compound (ni-tro-kom'pound), n. A the pleadings that have taken place in a nitron, from Heb. noter, nitre, natron, from compound of carbon which is formed from civil action for the use of the judge who is

netar, to produce effervescence.) (K N 03.) another by the substitution of the monto try the case.

A salt, called also saltpetre, and in the no- atomic radical NO, for hydrogen. Nislée, a. Erroneous form of Nyllée.

menclature of chemistry nitrate of potas- Nitrogen (ni'tro-jen), n. [Gr. nitron, nitre, N'iste.'t For Ne Wiste. Knew not.-N’isten,

sium or potassic nitrate. It is generated and gennaõ, to produce.] Sym. N.; equifor Ne Wisten, pl. knew not. Chaucer.

spontaneously in the soil, and crystallizes valent, 14; sp. gr. 0-9713. That element Nisus (ni’zus), n. (L., from nitor, to strive.]

upon its surface in several parts of the which is the basis of nitric acid, and the An effort; a conatus; stress.

world, and especially in the East Indies, principal ingredient of atmospheric air. It Nit (nit), n. (A. Sax. hnitu; cog. D. neet,

whence the greater part of the nitre used is an important elementary principle; it Icel. gnit, nitr, Dan. gnid, Sw. ghet, a nit. )

in Great Britain is derived. In some parts constitutes about four-fifths of common air, The egg of a louse or other small insect.

of the Continent it is prepared artificially the rest being principally oxygen. In its Nitella (ni-tela), n. (L. niteo, to shine; lit.

from a mixture of common mould or porous pure state it is remarkable for its negative shining plants. A genus offresh-water

calcareous earth with animal and vegetable qualities; that is to say, for the difficulty algæ, nat, order Characere. Four species

remains containing nitrogen. It is a colour- with which it enters into combination with have been described as inhabiting Great

less salt, with a saline taste, and crystallizes other matters. It is neither combustible Britain. They are found in pools and

in six-sided prisms. It is chiefly employed nor a supporter of combustion; it is neither rivulets.

in chemistry as an oxidizing agent and in acid nor alkaline; possesses neither taste Nitency (ni'ten-si), n. [L. niteo, to shine.]

the formation of nitric acid. Its chief use nor smell. It is most readily obtained from Brightness ; lustre. (Rare.]

in the arts is in the making of gunpowder. atmospheric air, but it may also be obtained Nitency (ni'ten-si), n. [L. nitor, to strive.)

It also enters into the composition of fluxes, from animal matters. There are five known Endeavour; effort; tendency. (Rare.)

and is extensively employed in metallurgy; compounds of nitrogen and oxygen, viz. ni

it is used in the art of dyeing, and is much trous oxide, N,0; nitric oxide, N, 02; nitroThese zones will have a strong nitency to fly wider


employed in the preservation of meat and open.

gen trioxide, N203; nitrogen tetroxide, N204; animal matters in general. In medicine it nitrogen pentoxide, N.05. Nithing (nifa'ing), n. and a. Same as

is prescribed as cooling, febrifuge, and diu- Nitrogeneous (ni-tro-jë'nē-us), a. Same as Niding

retic. --Cubic nitre. Same as Nitrate of Soda Nitrogenous. Smart. Nitid (ni'tid), a. [L. nitidus. ) 1. Bright; (which see under NITRATE).

Nitrogenize (ni'tro-jen-iz), v.t. To impreglustrous; shining. (Rare.)

Nitriary (ni'tri-a-ri), n. An artificial bed of pate or imbue with nitrogen. Hoblyn. We restore old pieces of dirty gold to a clean and animal matter for the formation of nitre; a Nitrogenized (ni-troj/en-izd), a. Containnitid yellow. Boyle. place where nitre is refined.

ing nitrogen.

Nitrogenized foods, nutritive 2. Gay; spruce ; fine: applied to persons. Nitric (ni'trik), a. An adjective used in the substances containing nitrogen. They have (Rare. 1-3. In bot. having a smooth, even, nomenclature of the oxygen compounds of been termed by Liebig the plastic elements polished surface, as many seeds.

nitrogen. See NITROUS. - Nitric acid (HN of nutrition. Non-nitrogenized foods are Nitidous (ni'tid-us), a. In bot. having a 03). a most important acid, prepared by dis- such as contain no nitrogen. According to smooth and polished surface; nitid.

tilling a mixture of sulphuric acid and nitre. Liebig their function is to promote the proNititelæ (ni-ti-te'lē), n. pl. [L. niteo, to It is a most powerful oxidizing agent, and cess of respiration, and hence he terms shine, and tela, a web.) A group of spiders is decomposed by almost all the metals. them elements of respiration. This classifiof the family Errantes or prowlers, so called When pure it is a colourless liquid, but is cation of food compounds is not now much from the silken webs they throw out from usually yellowish, owing to a small admix- used. their nests for the entanglement of their ture of oxides of nitrogen. Its smell is very Nitrogen Monoxide (ni'tro-jen mon-oks". prey.

strong and disagreeable; and it is so acrid id), n. Same as Nitrous Oxide. Nitr., Nitro- A prefix employed in chem- that it cannot be safely tasted without being Nitrogenous (ni-troj/en-us), a. Pertaining istry to indicate the presence of the radical much diluted. It acts with great energy on to or containing nitrogen. nitryl (N 0,) in certain compounds; as, nitr- most combustible substances, simple or com- Nitro -glucose (ni-tro-glūkos), n.

An oraniline, nitranisic acid, nitro - benzamide, pound, and upon most of the metals. It ganic substance produced by acting on nitro-benzoic acid.

exists in combination with the bases potash, finely powdered cane-sugar with nitro-sulNitramidin (ni-tram'i-din), n. An explo- soda, lime, magnesia, in both the vegetable phuric acid. In photography it is added in

sive substance produced by the action of and mineral kingdoms. It is employed in very small quantities to collodion, with the strong nitric acid upon starch.

etching on steel or copper; as a solvent of view of increasing the density of the negaNitran (ni'tran), n. Graham's name for the tin to form with that metal a mordant for tive and rendering the film less sensitive to radical N0g, which must be supposed to some of the finest dyes; in metallurgy and light. exist in the nitrates, when they are regarded assaying; also in medicine, in a diluted state, Nitro-glycerine, Nitro-glycerin (ni-troas formed on the type of the chlorides, as as a tonic and as a substitute for mercu- glis'ér-in), 12. (CzH; N. 09.) A compound nitric acid (N 03 H). Watts.

rial preparations in syphilis and affections produced by the action of a mixture of Nitraria (ni-tra'ri-á), n. [L. nitrum, nitre.) A of the liver; and also in form of vapour to strong nitric and sulphuric acids on glycergenus of plants of the nat. order Zygophyl- destroy contagion. In the arts it is known ine at low temperatures. It is a light, yellacex, natives of the salt plains in Central by the name of Aqua fortis.--Nitric oxide low, oily liquid, of sp. gr. 1:6, is a most Asia and Northern Africa. They are gener- (N202 or NO), a gaseous compound of nitro- powerful explosive agent, detonating when ally thorny shrubs with fleshy leaves and soli- gen and oxygen, produced by the action of struck. It has caused several serious accitary or clustered white flowers. The fruit is dilute nitric acid upon copper.

dents, and was first used in bombs dropped fleshy externally, bony internally,one-celled, Nitride (ni'trid), n. A compound of nitro- from balloons in the Franco-German war, one-seeded by abortion, and opening at the gen with any other element or radical, par- 1870-71. top by six valves of unequal size. They owe ticularly a compound of nitrogen with phos- Nitro-hydrochloric (nistro-hi-dro-klor"ik), their generic name to the fact that they were phorus, boron, silicon, and the metals. a. Applied to an acid composed of a mixfirst discovered near some Siberian nitre Nitriferous (nī-trif'er-us), a. (L. nitrum, ture of concentrated nitric and hydrochloric NITROLEUM



acids, used for effecting the solution of East Indies, the title of the ruler of Hyder- Nobbler (nobʻlér), n. 1. A finishing stroke; many substances, more especially of the abad in the Deccan, derived from Nizam- a blow on the head. (Slang. )--2. A thimnoble metals. Called also Nitro-muriatic ul-mulk (Regulator of the state), a name ble-rigger's confederate. (Slang. )-3. An Acid and Aqua-regia.

adopted by Azof Jah in 1719, and since that Australian name for a dram of spirits. Nitroleum (ni-troʻli-um). Same as Nitro- time adopted by his successors.

Nobby (nob'i), a. (See NOB.) Applied to glycerin E. H. Knight. Nizey,t n. Same as Misey.

anything having an aristocratic appearance; Nitro-magnesite (ni-tro-mag'nes-īt), n. A No (no), adv. [A. Sax. , no, nay, no, from showy; elegant; smart. (Slang. ) native hydrated nitrate of magnesia found the negative particle ne, n-, and d, ever; Nobile officium (nob’i-le of-fish'i-um), n. with nitro-calcite, which it resembles in this negative particle is very widely spread; [L] In Scotland, the power of the Court of colour and other characters. See NITRO- comp. Icel. ne, Goth, ni, O.G. ni, O.Slav. Session in questions of equity, whereby it CALCITE. Brande.

Bohem, and Rus. ne, Armor. and Gael. na, interposes to modify or abate the rigour of Nitrometer (ni-trom'et-ér), n. [Gr. nitron, L. ne, Zend. na, Skr. na. See NAY.) 1. A the law, and to a certain extent to give aid nitre, and metron, a measure.) An instru- word of denial or refusal, expressing a neg- where no remedy could be had in a court ment for ascertaining the quality or value ative; the negative categorematic particle, confined to strict law, of nitre.

equivalent to nay, and opposed to yes or Nobiliary (no-bil'i-a-ri), nr. (Fr. nobiliaire. Nitro-muriatic (ni'tro-mū-ri-at"ik), a. The yea, the affirmative categorematic particles. See NOBLE.) A history of noble families. older term for Nitro-hydrochloric.

A fine distinction formerly existed between Nobiliary (no-bil'i-a-ri), a. Of or pertainNitro-naphthalene (ni-tro-naptha-lẽn), m. no and nay, which has now disappeared : ing to the nobility; as, nobiliary roll; nobiliA derivative from naphthalene produced by no answered questions negatively framed; ary element of parliament. Fitzedward nitric acid. There are three of these nitro- as, 'Will he not come? No.' Nay answered Hall. naphthalenes, arising from 1, 2, or 3 atoms those not including a negative; as, “Will he Nobilifyt (no-bil'i-fi), v.t. To nobilitate. Holof hydrogen being replaced by a correspond- come? Nay.' It is often used in a way to land. ing quantity of nitryl.

strengthen negation or refusal, with en- Nobilitate (no-bil'i-tát), v.t. [L. nobilito. See Nitro-sulphuric (ni'tro-sul-fū"rik), a. Ap- phasis : (a) when repeated; as, 'No, no, NOBLE) To make noble; to ennoble; to plied to a mixture of nitric oxide and sul- do not ask me.' (b) When it follows an- dignify; to exalt. phuric acid. The term is also applied to an other negative. “There is none righteous,

Neither will I (as diverse do) invent strange acid resulting from the mixture of one part no, not one.' Rom. iii. 10. (c) When it fol

things of this noble streame (the Medway) therewith

to nobilitate and make it more honourable. of nitre with eight or ten parts of sulphuric lows an affirmative proposition. “To whom

Holinsked. acid, which is said to be a useful agent for we gave place by subjection, no, not for an Nobilitation (nő-bil'i-tā"shon), n. The act separating the silver from the copper of old hour.' Gal. ii. 5. (d) When it reiterates and of nobilitating or of making noble. • The plated goods.

introduces an amplification of a previous perfection, nobilitation, and salvation of the Nitrous (ni'trus), a. In chem. an adjective negation.

souls of men.' Dr. H. More. used in the nomenclature of the oxygen The devil himself could not pronounce a title Nobility (no-bil'i-ti), n. [L nobilitas, from compounds of nitrogen to express & comMore hateful to mine ear.

nobilis. See NOBLE.) 1. The quality of pound which contains less oxygen than an

No, nor more fearful. Shak. other, to the name of which the adjective (e) When it is prefixed to a negative sen

being noble; nobleness; dignity of mind;

greatness; grandeur; that elevation of soul tence. nitric is prefixed; thus we have nitrous

which comprehends bravery, generosity, oxide (N2O), nitric oxide (N202); nitrous acid

No, not the bow which so adorns the skies,

magnanimity, intrepidity, and contempt of (H NO.), nitric acid (H NO), &c. -Nitrous

So glorious is, or boasts so many dyes. Waller,

everything that dishonours character. acid (H NO2), an acid produced by decom- 2. Not: in this sense only as the correlative posing nitrites; it very readily becomes oxi- of whether or if, and now usually replaced

Though she hated Amphialus, yet the nobility of

her courage prevailed over it. Sir P. Sidney. dized to nitric acid. -- Mitrous ether (C2H, by not. Exod. xvi. 4.

Sweet mercy is nobility's true badge. Shak.

To be resolved NO2), a derivative of alcohol in which hy


If Brutus so unkindly knocked or no. droxyl (OH) is replaced by the group NO,

They thought it great their sovereign to control,

And named their pride nobility of soul.

It is difficult, indeed, to say whether he (Shakspere) --Spirit of nitrous ether, used in medicine,

Dryden. had any religious belief or no. F. R. Green. is a mixture of nitrous ether with about

2. The state of being of noble birth or rank; four times its volume of rectified spirit. - No (no), n. 1. A denial; the word of denial. that distinction of rank in civil society, or Nitrous oxide gas (N20), a combination of

Henceforth my wooing mind shall be exprest

that eminence or dignity which a man de

Shak. nitrogen and oxygen, formerly called the

In russet yeas and honest kersey roes.

rives from antiquity of family, descent from dephlogisticated nitrous gas. Under ordi- 2. A negative vote, or a person who votes in

noble ancestors, or from title conferred by nary conditions of temperature and pressure the negative; as, the noes have it.

the sovereign, and which raises him above this substance is gaseous; it has a sweet No (no),a. (From none, O. E. non, A. Sax. nán,

the condition of the mass of the people. taste and a faint agreeable odour. When by loss of n; comp. a from A. Sax. an. It When I took up Boccace unawares, I fell on the inhaled it produces unconsciousness and stands in the same relation to none as my

same argument of preferring virtue to nobility of

blood and titles, in the story of Sigismunda. insensibility to pain; hence it is used as an and thy to mine and thine.] Not any; not

Dryden. anästhetic during short surgical operations. one; none. Thou shalt worship no other 3. The persons collectively who are of noble When breathed diluted with air an exhilar- God.' Ex. xxxiv. 14.

rank; those who enjoy rank above comating or intoxicating effect is produced, By heaven! it is a splendid sight to see,

moners; the peerage; as, the English nobility; under the influence of which the experi- For one who hath no friend, no brother there. French, German, Russian nobility. In Great menter is irresistibly impelled to do all

Byron. kinds of silly and extravagant acts; hence

It is an adjective in such a phrase as no where by

Britain, nobility is extended to five ranks, considering the other word to be a substantive; but

those of duke, marquis, earl, viscount, and the old name of laughing-gas. Called also the usual mode is to consider both words as an ad.

baron. These titles can only be conferred Nitrogen Monoxide.

verbial phrase.


by the sovereign, and that by patent, in Nitrum - flammans (ni'trum-flam'anz), n. - No end, an indefinitely great number or virtue of which they become hereditary. (L.) Nitrate of ammonium, so named from quantity.

Life peerages also are occasionally conits property of exploding when heated to

I have heard no end of stories about that filly.

ferred. Those of the nobility who are peers 600".

Trollope. of England, of Great Britain, or of the Nitry (ni'tri), a. Nitrous; pertaining to No (nő), adv. (This is not the negative no. United Kingdom, have a hereditary seat in nitre; producing nitre.

but an abbreviation of the old instrumental the House of Lords, while the Scottish Nitryl (ni'tril), n. (NO2.) Nitric peroxide, case of none. See No, a.] Not in any de- peers select sixteen of their number to rea monatomic chlorous radical analogous to gree; not at all; in no respect; not; as, no present their order, and the Irish peers chlorine, bromine, &c., existing in nitric longer; no shorter; no more; no less.

elect twenty-eight representatives for the acid.

No sooner met, but they looked; no sooner looked, same purpose. Members of the nobility are tter (nit'er), n. An insect that deposits but they loved; no sooner loved, but they sighed; no free from arrest or imprisonment in civil nits on horses.

sooner sighed, but they asked one another the rea. matters. For felony, treason, or misprision Nittilyt (nit'i-li), adv. Lousily.


of treason, they can only be tried by their He was a man nitlily needy, and therefore ad. Noachian (no-a'ki-an), a. Relating to Noah, peers, when the noble members of the Sir 7. Hayward. the patriarch, or his time.

peerage are summoned, and the accused is Nitty (niti), a. Full of nits; abounding Noachidæ (no-ak'i.dē), n. pl. The immediate

acquitted or condemned by the voice of with nits, or the eggs of lice.

families or tribes descended from Noah, or the majority, given not on oath, but 'on Nittyt (nit'i), a. (L. nitidus, shining, from from Shem, Ham, or Japheth. Stormonth. honour. A peer, however, when examined niteo, to shine.) Shining; elegant; spruce.

Nob (nol), n. (From knob.] 1. The head: in as a witness in civil or criminal cases, or in 'O dapper, rare, complete, sweet, nittie burlesque.

parliament, must be sworn. youth.' Marston.

The nob of Charles the Fifth ached seldomer under Noble (no'bl), a. (Fr. noble, from L. noNivalt (ni'val), a. (L. nivalis, from nix, a monk's cowl than under the diadem. Lamo.

bilis, well-known, famous, high-born, noble. niris, snow.) Äbounding with snow; snowy. 2. In gunnery, the plate under the swing- Nobilis is for gnobilis, from root of gnosco, Bailey. bed for the head of an elevating screw. E.

nosco, novi, to know, seen also in E. knows Niveous (ni'vē-us), a. (L. nivous, snowy, H. Knight.--One for his nob, (a) a blow on 1. High in excellence or worth: (a) applied from nix, nivis, snow.) Snowy; resembling the head delivered in a pugilistic fight. to persons or the mind; great or lofty in snow; partaking of the qualities of snow. (Slang. ) C) A point counted in the game character, or in the nature of one's achieve'A pure and niveous white.' Sir T. Browne. of cribbage for holding the knave of trumps. ments; magnanimous; above everything [Rare.)

Nob (pob), n. (A corruption of nobleman.) mean, degrading, or dishonourable; as, a Nivose (nē-voz), n. (Fr.) Snow-month, the A member of the aristocracy; a swell.

noble mind Noblest of men.' Shak. name given in the French revolutionary (Slang. )

Statues, with winding ivy crown'd, belong calendar to a winter month, beginning De

Nature's nobs felt with nature's nobs, and true

To nobler poets for à nobler song. Dryden. cember 21 and ending January 19.

greatness of soul sympathized with true greatness of () Applied to things: (1) proceeding from or Nix, Nixie (niks, niks'i), n. (See NICK.) In soul, all the world over.


characteristic or indicative of greatness of Teut, myth the common name of all water- Nob (nob), n. See KNOBSTICK.

mind; as, noble courage ; noble sentiments; spirits, good and bad. The Scotch water- 1 Nobbily (nob'i-li), adv. In a nobby manner; noble thoughts. "And what transcends kelpie is a wicked nix. showily; smartly. [Slang. )

them all, a noble action.' Rogers. (2) Of She who sits by haunted well,

Nobble (nob'l), v.t. To get possession of the best kind; choice. Is subject to the rixie's spell. Sir IV. Scott. dishonestly; to steal.

Yet I had planted thee a noble vine. Jer. ii. 21. Nizam (ni-zam'), n. (Hind. and Ar., from The old chap had nobbled the young fellow's money.

See ye take the charger too, Ar. nazama, to arrange, to govern.] In the

A noble one.




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