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NUMBER

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NUMISMATOGRAPHY

division of a book published in parts; a part Numbness (num'nes), n. The state of being Numero (nū'mėr-), n. (Fr. and It.) Numof a periodical; as, the current number of numb; that state of a living body in which ber. The figure or mark by which any pumBlackwood.-5. pl. A succession of metrical it has not the power of feeling or motion, ber of things is distinguished: abbreviated syllables; poetical measure; poetry; verse. as when paralytic or chilled by cold; tor to No. I lisped in numbers, for the numbers came. Pope. pidity; torpor.

1. The Numerosityt (nū-mér-os' i-ti), n.

Cold numbness straight bereaves state of being numerous. Sir T. Browne. 6. In gram. that distinctive form which a Her corse of sense,

Sir F. Denham. 2. Harmonious flow; poetical rhythm; harword assumes according as it is spoken of Numenius (nu-me'ni-us), n. [Gr. noumē

mony. or expresses one individual or several individuals. The form which denotes one or nios, a kind of curlew, from neos, new, and The numerosity of the sentence pleased the ear.

Dr. Parr. an individual is the singular number; the

mēn, the moon, perhaps from its crescent

shaped beak. ] form that is set apart for two individuals

Numerotage (nū'mér-o-täzh), n.
The genus to which the

[Fr. nucurlews are referred. They belong to the

mérotage. ] The numbers or system of (as in Greek and Sanskrit) is the dual number; while that which refers indifferlongirostral family; they have an arcuated

numbering yarns according to fineness. beak, slender and round throughout; the tip

Numerous (nū'mér-us), a. (L. numerosus, ently to two or more individuals or units constitutes the plural number.

from numerus, a number.] 1. Being many, Hence we

of the upper mandible extends beyond the
end of the lower one, and projects a little

or consisting of a great number of individsay a noun, an adjective, a pronoun, or a verb downwards in front of it. The toes are

uals; not few; as, a numerous army; a nuis in the singular or, the plural number. 7. In phren. one of the perceptive faculties, Numerable (nu'mér-a-bl), a. [L. numerapalmated at the base. See CURLEW.

merous people; numerous objects; attacked

by numerous enemies. whose alleged organ is situated a little to the side of the outer angle of the eye, and

bilis.] Capable of being numbered or coun Such and so numerous was their chivalry; ted. So numerous in islands that they are

Milton. whose function is to give a talent for calcuscarce numerable.' Sir T. Herbert.

2. ^ Consisting of poetic numbers; rhythlation in general. -Cardinal, cubic, even,

mical; melodious; musical. 'Numerous verse golden, imperfect, irrational, odd, ordinal, Numeral (nū'mér-al), a. [L. numeralis, from numerus, a number.) i. Pertaining to

more tuneable than needed lute or harp to perfect, prime, rational, &c., numbe See

add more sweetness.' Milton.
under the adjectives.-
Number one, self.

number; consisting of number. "The de-
pendence of a long train of numeral progres-

Numerously (nū'mėr-us-li), adv. 1. In or with No man should have more than two attachments, sions.' Locke.-2. Expressing number; repre

great numbers; as, a meeting numerously the first, to number one, and the sccond to the ladies. senting number; as, numeral letters or char

attended. — 2. f Harmoniously; musically. Dickers.

See NUMEROUS. Number (num'bér), v.t. [Fr. nombrer. See

acters, such as V or 5 for five. above.] 1. To count; to reckon; to ascertain Numeral (nū'mer-al), n. 1. A figure or char: Numerousness (nū’mér-us-nes), n. 1. The the units of; to enumerate. acter used to express a number; as, the

quality of being numerous or many; the Arabic numerals, 1, 2, 3, &c., or the Roman

quality of consisting of a great number of If a man can number the dust of the earth, then numerals, I, V, X, L, C, &c. -2. In gram. a

individuals; as, the numerousness of an shall thy seed also be numbered. Gen. xiii. 16. word expressing a number, as one, two,

army or of an assembly. L. Addison. 2. To reckon as one of a collection or mul three, &c.

2. The quality of consisting of poetic numtitude. Numerally (nü'mér-al-li), adv. In a num

bers; melodiousness; musicalness. He was numbered with the transgressors. eral manner; according to number; in num That which will distinguish his style is the numerIs. liii. 12. ber.

Ousness of his verse.

Dryden. 3. To equal in number.

Numerary (nū’mér-a-ri), a. Belonging to a Numida (nū'mi-da), n. [From Numidia. Weep, Albyn, to death and captivity led, certain number.

See NUMIDIAN.) A genus of gallinaceous Oh, weep! but thy tea cannot number the dead.

birds, including the guinea-fowls. The N. Campbell A supernumerary canon, when he obtains a pre

bend, becomes a numerary canon. Aylite. meleagris is the common guinea-hen, origi4. To put a number or numbers on; to give

nally from Africa. See GUINEA-FOWL the number of; to assign the place of in a Numerate (numér-āt), v.t. and i. pret. & Numidian (nu-mid'i-an), a. Of or pertainnumbered series; as, to number a row of pp. numerated; ppr. numerating. (L. nu

ing to Numidia, the central tract of counhouses, or a collection of books.-5. To pos mero, numeratum, to number. See NUM

try on the north coast of Africa which forms sess to the number of. BER.) To count; to reckon; to read accord

the largest part of the territory now called It was believed that the Emperor Nicholas num. ing to the rules of numeration.

Algeria. -- Numidian crane, a grallatorial bered almost a million of men under arms.

Numeration (nū-mér-ā'shon), n. [L. nu bird of the genus Anthropoides, the A. Virgo.

Kinglake. meratio. See NUMERATE.] 1. The act or 6. To amount to; to reach the number of;

It is a native of many parts of Asia and art of numbering. as, the force under the command of Cæsar

Africa, and is remarkable for the grace and

Numeration is but still the adding of one unit numbered 45,000 men.-SYN. To count, enu

symmetry of its form, and the elegance of more, and giving to the whole a new name or sign. merate, calculate, tell.

its deportment. It measures 3 feet 3 inches

Locke. Numberer (num'bér-ér), n. One that num 2. In arith. notation; the art of expressing

in length, its beak is 24 inches long, and bers. in characters any number proposed in

the general colour of the plumage is blue

gray. It is also termed the Demoiselle. Numberfult (num'bêr-fyl), a. Many in words, or of expressing in words any num

Numidian (nu-mid'i-an), n. A native or innumber; numerous. ber proposed in characters; the act or art

habitant of Numidia. About the year 700 great was the company of of writing or reading numbers. See NOTA

Numismatic (nu-mis-mat'ik), a. (L. numislearned men of England race, yea, so numberful TION. . that they upon the point excelled all nations in learn. Numerator (nū’mér-at-ér), n. [L] 1. One

ma, money, coin, from Gr. nomisma, coin, ing, piety, and zeal.

Waterhouse.
that numbers. -2. In arith. the number in

lit. what is sanctioned by law, from nomizo, Numbering-machine (num'bér-ing-ma vulgar fractions which shows how many

to sanction, to establish by law, from nomos,

law or custom.) shēn'), n. A machine for impressing con parts of a unit are taken. Thus when a

Pertaining to coins or

medals. secutive numbers on account-books, cou unit is divided into 9 parts, and we take 5, pons, railway tickets, bank-notes, &c. One

Numismatical (nū-mis-mat’ik-al), a. Same we express it thus, $, that is, five-ninths

as Numismatic. of the principal forms of the apparatus con 5 being the numerator and 9 the denomisists of disks or wheels decimally numbered

Numismatics (nū-mis-mat’iks), n. [See nator. on their peripheries, the whole mounted on Numeric (nu-mer'ik), a. Same as Numer

NUMISMATIC.) The science of coins and

medals. The word coin is in modern times one axle upon which they turn freely, acting ical. The same numeric crew.' Hudibras. upon each other in serial order. The first Numerical (nū-mer'ik-al), a. [Fr. numér

applied to those pieces of metal struck for wheel of the series containing the units is ique, from L. numerus, number.] 1. Be

the purpose of circulation as money; while moved one figure between each impact, and longing to number; denoting number; con

the word medal signifies pieces of metal when the units are exhausted the tens come

similar to coins not intended for circulation sisting in numbers not letters; as, numerical into action, and act in coincidence with the characters; a numerical equation; a nu

as money, but struck and distributed in units; so on of the hundreds, thousands, &c. merical value. -- 2. The same in number;

commemoration of some person or event. E. H. Knight,

Ancient coins, hence, identically the same; identical.

are Numberless (num'bêr-les), a.

however, That cannot [Rare.)

often termed be counted; innumerable. Would to God that all my fellow brethren which

medals. The I forgive all;

with me bemoan the loss of their books, with me There cannot be those numberless offences might rejoice for the recovery thereof, though not

parts of a coin 'Gainst mne that I cannot take peace with, Shak. the same numerical volumes.

Fuller.

IN

or medal are,

the obverse or Numberoust (num'ber-us), a. Numerous. In alg. numerical, as opposed to literal, apWorcester. plies to an expression in which numbers -SCRIP face,containing

the Numbers (num'bérz), n. The title of the

generally have the place of letters; thus a numerical fourth book of the Pentateuch: so called be equation is one in which all the quantities -TION

head, bust, or cause it begins with an account of the numexcept the unknown are expressed in num

figure of the

sovereign ОГ bering of the Israelites in the beginning of bers. As opposed to algebraical it applies

EXERGUE

ip the second year after they left Egypt.

person to the magnitude of a quantity considered Numb-fish (num'fish), n.

whose honour The torpedo, a independently of its sign. Thus, the nufish of the ray family, and popularly so merical value of -10 is said to be greater

the medal was called from the numbing effects of the electhan that of -5, though it is algebraically

struck, or some emblematic figure relating tric shocks it can give. See TORPEDO. less.

to him; and the reverse, containing various Numbles (num'biz), n. pl. [Fr. nombles, Numerically (nū-mer'ik-al-li), adv. 1. In a figures or words. The words around the numbles, from L. lúmbulus, a dim. of lum numerical manner; in numbers; with re

border form the legend, those in the middle bus, a loin. Comp. humbles, umbles.] The spect to numerical quantity; as, parts of a

or field the inscription. The lower part of entrails of a deer. thing numerically expressed; an algebraic

the coin, separated by a line from the figures Numbles, liver, kidneys, &c. . . . The word was expression numerically greater than an

or the inscription, is the basis or exergue, variously written nombles, numbles, and very com. other.-2. Individually; as, a thing is nu

and contains the date, the place where the monly umbles or humbles. Old cookery books gave merically the same,or numerically different.

coin was struck, &c. receipts for 'umble pie,' whence came the saying that Numeristt (nū'mér-ist), n. One that deals

Numismatist(nu-mis'mat-ist), n. One versed a man is made 'to eat humble pie'-to content him. in numbers.

in numismatics; a numismatologist. self with inferior meat while another may dine from

Numismatography (nū-mis'ma-tog'ra-fi), the haunch. The 'uumbles, with the skin, head, We cannot assign a respective fatality unto each chine, and shoulders, used to be the keeper's per which is concordant unto the doctrine of the numer.

n. [Gr. nomisma, a coin, and graphò, to quisites. Morley. ist.

Sir T. Browne. write, to describe. ) The science which

NUMISMATOLOGIST

281

NURSE-POND

treats of coins and medals in their relation to history; numismatics. Numismatologist (nu-mis'ma-tol"o-jist), n. One versed in numismatology. Numismatology (nū-mis'ma-tol" o-ji), n. Same as Numismatography. Nummary, (num'a-ri), a. [L. nummus, a coin.] Relating to money. Arbuthnot. Nummular(num'ü-ler),a. (L. nummularius, from nummus, a coin.] 1. Pertaining to coin or money.-2. Having the character or form of a coin. Sir T. Watson. Nummulary (num'u-la-ri), a. (See above.] Pertaining to coin or money; resembling a coin. In med. a term applied to the sputa or expectorations in phthisis, when they flatten at the bottom of the vessel like a piece of money. Nummuline (num'ü-līn), a. Resembling a nummulite in structural features. H. A. Nicholson. Nummulite (num'ü-līt), n. (L. nummus, money, and Gr. lithos, a stone.) A name common to the members of an extensive class of fossil polythalamous foraminifera, having externally somewhat the appearance of a piece of money (hence their name) without any apparent opening, and interDally a spiral cavity, divided by partitions into numerous chambers, communicating with each other by means of small openings. They vary in size from less than ith inch to lj inch in diameter. Nummulites occupy an important place in the history of fossil shells, on account of the prodigious extent to which they are accumulated in the later members of the secondary, and in many of the tertiary strata. They are often piled on each other nearly in as close contact as the grains in a heap of corn. They occur so abundantly in some parts of the miocene formation that the name of nummulitic limestone is given to the strata so characterized. The pyramids of Egypt are eonstructed of stone composed of nummulites. Nummulitic (num-u-lit'ik), a. Pertaining

to nummulites; containing nummulites; composed of nummulites. Numpst (numps), 1. (Contr. from numpskull for numskull.) A dolt; a blockhead.

Take heart, numps! here is not a word of the stocks.

Bp. Parker. Numskull (num'skul), n. (Num or Numb and skull. See NUMB.) A dunce; a dolt; a stupid fellow. They have talked like numskulls.' Arbuthnot. Numskulled (num'skuld), a. Dull in intellect; stupid; doltish. Swift. Nun (nun), 12. (A. Sax. nunne, a nun; like Dan. nunne, Sw. nunna, G. nonne, Fr. nonne, from Eccles. L. (fifth century) nonna, a nun, nonnus, a monk, L. Gr. nonna, nonnos, supposed to be from Coptic or Egypt. nane, nanu, good, beautiful. Monasteries and convents first arose in Egypt.) 1. A woman devoted to a religious life, and who lives in a cloister or nunnery, secluded from the world, under a vow of perpetual chastity:-2. A name sometimes given to the bird otherwise called the smew.-3. The blue titmouse.-4. A kind of pigeon of a white colour having its head almost covered with a veil of feathers. Nun-buoy (nunboi or nunbwoi), 7. A buoy large in the middle and tapering toward each end. See BUOY. Nunc dimittis (nungk di-mit'tis), n. (L.) The name given to the canticle of Simeon (Luke il. 29-32), from the first two words in the Latin version. Nuncheon (nun'shun), n. (Perhaps a form

of luncheon (which see), but it has been plausibly derived from noon and shun.‘Richardson notes that it is spelled noon-shun in Browne's Pastorals, which must suggest as plausible, if nothing more, that the nuntion' was originally the labourer's slight meal, to which he withdrew for the shunning of the heat of noon: above all when in Lancashire we find noon - scape, and in Norfolk noon-miss, for the time when labourers rest after dinner.' Trench.] 1. A meal eaten about noon, or a portion of food taken between meals. Lamb.

Laying by their swords and truncheons, They took their breakfasts or their nuncheons.

Hudibras. 2. A supply or piece of food such as might serve for a luncheon. Halliwell. Nunciatet (nun'shi-āt), n. [See NUNCIO.) One who announces; a messenger; a nuncio. Nunciature (nun'shi-at-ūr), n. The office of a nuncio. Clarendon. Nuncio (nun'shi-o), n. [Sp. nuncio, It. nun

zio, from L. nuncius, a messenger, O.L. Nupsont (nup'son), n. A fool; a simpleton. nountius, contr. for noventius, from novus, Having matched with such a nupson.

B. new, lit. one who brings news.] 1. An am Jonson. bassador of the first rank (not a cardinal) Nuptial (nup'shal), a. (L. nuptialis, from representing the pope at the court of a sov nuptiæ, marriage, from nubo, to marry.) ereign entitled to that distinction. A papal Pertaining to marriage; used or done at a ambassador of the first rank, who is at the wedding; as, nuptial rites and ceremonies; same time a cardinal, is styled a legate. nuptial torch; the nuptial knot or band. (See LEGATE.) Since the time of the Coun- Nuptials (nup'shalz), n. pl. (L. nuptiæ (pl.), cil of Trent the nuncios have acted as a wedding. ) Marriage. This word has judges of appeal from the decisions of the now always the plural ending; but the old respective bishops in those countries which writers generally, and Shakspere invariably, are subject to the decretals and discipline used nuptial. of the Council of Trent. In other Catholic

This looks not like a nuptial.

Siak. kingdoms and states holding themselves in Her should this Angelo have married; was affianced dependent of the court of Rome in matters to her by oath and the nuptial appointed. Shak. of discipline, the nuncio has merely a di - Marriage, Wedding, Nuptials, Matrimony, plomatic character like the minister of any Wedlock. See under MARRIAGE. other foreign power.--2. A messenger; one Nur, Nurr (nėr), N. (Probably should have who brings intelligence. Shak.

an initial k or g; comp. knur, knurl, gnarl.] Nunclet (nung'kl), n. A contraction for A hard knot in wood; a knob; a wooden Mine Uncle. This was the licensed appella ball used in the game of hockey and that of tion given by a fool to his master or supe nurr-and-spell (which see). rior. 'How now, nuncle?' Shak.

Nuraghe (ny-rä'gā), n. Same as Noraghe. Nuncupatet (nun'kū-pát), u.t. [L. nuncupo, Nuremberg-egg (no'rm-berg-eg), n. Ар to call by name, to nominate, to vow in culiar watch or pocket clock, originally of public-nomen, name, and capio, to take.] an oval form, and generally believed to have i. To vow publicly and solemnly.

been invented at Nuremberg. The Gentiles nuncupated vows to them (idols). Nurr-and-spell (nėrand-spel), n. A game

Dr. Westfield. like trap-ball, played with a wooden ball 2. To dedicate; to inscribe.

called a nurr. The ball is released by means You should, on my advice, have nuncupated this handsome monument of your skill and dexterity to

of a spring from a little brass cup at the end some great one.

Evelyn.

of a tongue of steel called a spell or spill. 3. To declare orally (a will or testament). Nụrse (ners), n. (O. E. nourse, norse, nourBarrow.

rice, &c., Fr. nourrice, a nurse, from L. Nuncupationt (nun-kū-på'shon), n. The nutrix, nutricis, a nurse; nutrio, to nourish, act of nuncupating or of naming or dedicat

to suckle. See NOURISH.] 1. One who tends ing. Chaucer.

or takes care of the young, sick, or infirm; Nuncupative (nun-kū'pāt-iv), a. (From L. more specifically, (a) a female who suckles nuncupo, to declare. ) 1. Pertaining to

the infant of another, or who has the care naming, nominating, vowing, or dedicating.

of a child or children. Fotherby.--2. In law, oral; not written. A Shall I go and call to thee a nurse of the Hebrew nuncupative will, one made by the verbal women, that she may nurse the child for thee?

Ex. ii. 7. declaration of the testator, and depending merely on oral testimony for proof, though

(6) One having the care of sick persons; an afterwards reduced to writing. Nuncupative

attendant (generally a female) in an hospi

tal. wills are now abolished, but with a proviso, Sat with her, read to her, night and day, that any soldier in actual military service, or And tended her like a nurse. Tennyson. any mariner or seaman at sea, may dispose 2. One who or that which nurtures, trains, of his personal estate by an oral testament, before a sufficient number of witnesses. In

cherishes, or protects. The country, our

dear nurse.' Shak. Sleep, nature's soft Scots law, a nuncupative legacy is good to

nurse.' Shak. “The nurse of manly sentithe extent of £100 Scots, or £8, 68. 8d. ster

ment and heroic enterprise.' Burke. ling. If it exceed that sum it will be effec

O Caledonia ! stern and wild, tual to that extent, if the legatee choose so

Meet nurse for a poetic child. Sir W. Scott. to restrict it, but ineffectual as to the rest. A nuncupative or verbal nomination of an

3. The state of being nursed; as, to put a

child to nurse. "Put out her £1000 at nurse.' executor is ineffectual.

Lord Lytton.
Nuncupatory (nun-kū'pa-to-ri), a. Nuncu-

Can wedlock know so great a curse
pative; oral. Swift.

As putting husbands out to nurse. Cleaveland. Nundinal, Nundinary (nun'din-al, nun'.

4. In hort. a shrub or tree which protects a din-a-ri), a. (L. nundinalis, from nundince, a fair or market; originally one held every

young plant. See DRY-NURSE, WET-NURSE. ninth day, from novem, nine, and dies, a

Nurse (nérs), v.t. pret. & pp. nursed; ppr. day, every nine days.) Pertaining to a fair

nursing. 1. To feed and tend generally in or to a market day. — Nundinal letter, among

infancy; to suckle; to nourish at the breast. the ancient Romans, one of the eight first

O, that woman that cannot make her fault her hus.

band's occasion, let her never nurse her child her. letters of the alphabet, which were repeated self, for she will breed it like a fool.

Shak. successively from the first to the last day

Is. of the year. One of these always expressed

2. To rear; to nurture; to bring up.

lx. 4. the market-days, which returned every nine

The Niseans in their dark abode days.

Nursed secretly with milk the thriving god. Nundinal (nun'din - al), n. A nundinal

Addison. letter.

3. To tend in sickness or infirmity; to take Nundinate+ (nun'din-át), v.i. To buy and care of; as, to nurse an invalid or an aged sell at fairs. Cockeram.

person. Nundinationt (nun-di-nă'shon), n. Traffic "Certainly not,' said John, 'she shall never help to

Nurse me.'

Dickens. at fairs. “Their common nundination of pardons.' Abp. Bramhall.

4. To promote growth or vigour in; as, to Nung (nung), n. A large package or bale; nurse a feeble animal or plant. . 'To nurse

He found his specifically, a package of cloves. Simmonds. the saplings tall.' Milton. Nunnation (nun- ná'shon), n. In Arabic

father nursing a bright fire.' T. Hughes. gram., from the name of N, the pronunci

5. Fig. to foment; to encourage; to foster. ation of n at the end of words.

'Have nursed this woe.' Shak. Nunnery (nun'er-i), n. (From nun.) A By what hands has vice been nursed into so unhouse in which nuns reside; a cloister in controlled a dominion !

Locke. which females, under a vow of chastity and 6. To manage with care and economy, with devoted to religion, reside during life. a view to increase; as, to nurse our national Nunnishness (nun'ish-nes),n. The habits or resources.-7. To caress; to fondle; to manners of nuns. Worcester.

dandle. Nup,t n. Same as Nupson.

(She) hung upon her father, and nursed his cheek Nuphar (nū'fär), n. [Ar. nufar, a water

against hers as if he were some poor dull child in pain.

Dickens. lily.) A genus of plants of the nat. order

The doctor turned himself to the hearth-rug, and Nymphæaceæ; the yellow water-lily. The

putting one leg over the other, he began to nurse it. species are natives of northern climates.

Trollope. Two of them are British, N. lutea or yellow | Nurse-child (nėrs'child), n. A child that water - lily, and N. pumila, least yellow is nursed; a nursling. Sir J. Davies. water-lily. The first has golden yellow Nurse-maid (nérs' mād), n. A maid-serflowers having a strong smell resembling vant employed in nursing children. some kinds of wine. It grows in rivers and Nurse-name (nérs'nām), n. A nickname. pools, and is one of the most beautiful of Camden. our native plants. N. pumila grows in lakes Nurse-pond (nėrs' pond), n. A pond for in Scotland. N. advena is the common young fish. A nurse-pond or feeding-pond.' North American species.

Iz. Walton.

[merged small][merged small][merged small][graphic][subsumed]

NUT-PECKER

283

NYMPHÆA

son.

&

and Isis, and as such called the mother of A nervous patient who is never worried, is a ner Nycthemeron (nik-them'ê-ron), n. (Gr. nyx, the gods. She corresponds to the Greek vous patient cured. There it is in a nut-shell.

W. Collins.

nyktos, night, and hēmera, day.) The whole Rhea Nut-pecker (nut'pek - ér), n.

natural day, or day and night, consisting of Same as

Nuttalite (nut'al-it), n. [In honour of Thomas Nut-hatch.

Nuttal, an American professor of miner

twenty-four hours. alogy.) Same as Scapolite (which see).

Nyctiblus (nik-tib'i-us), n. [Gr. nyktos, Nut-pine (nut'pin), n. A species of pine (Pinus monophylla), found in the Rocky Nutter (nut'er), n. A nut-gatherer. Hazel

night, and bios, life.] A genus of birds inMountains, bearing in its cones nutritious wood, by autumn nutters haunted.' Tenny

digenous to South America, belonging to the

family Caprimulgidæ, or, as they are now seeds. Simmonds.

Nut-tree (nut'trē), n. The name given to Nutria, Neutria (nů'tri-a), n. [Sp. nutria,

more commonly placed, to the Coraciadæ. lutria, lutra, from L. lutra, an otter.] The

the Corylus Avellana (Linn.), a well-known Nycticebidæ, Nycticebinæ (nik-ti-sē'bi-dē, British hedge tree, of which there are sev

nik-ti-sē' bi-nē)n. pl. [Gr. nya, nyktos, commercial name for the skins of Myapotaeral varieties, as the filbert, cob-nut, &c.

night, kēbos, an ape, and eidos, likeness.s mus coypus, the coypou of Molina. See

A sub-family of quadrumana, including the COYPOU. Nutty (nuti), a. 1. Abounding in nuts.

Loris. The tail is absent or rudimentary, Nutrication t (nu-tri-kā'shon), n. Manner

2. Having the flavour of nuts; as, nutty wine.

Nut-weevil (nut'wē-vl), n. An insect, a of feeding or being fed.

the ears short and rounded, the eyes large species of Balaninus, which deposits its eggs

and placed close together. They are nocBesides the teeth, the tongue of this animal is a in nuts. See BALANINUS.

turnal, slow in their motions, live mostly on second argument to overthrow this airy nutrication.

Sir T. Brorune.
Nut-wrench (nut'rensh), n. An instrument

trees, and feed on birds, fruit, and insects. Nutrient (nü'tri-ent), a. [L. nutrio, to for fixing or removing the nuts on screws.

They are natives of the eastern portion of nourish.] Nourishing; nutritive; nutritious.

the Old World, as Java, Ceylon, &c. Nux-vomica (nuks-vom'i-ka), n. (A modern

The kukang Nutrient (nü'tri-ent), n. Any substance Latin name: nuz,a nut, and vomeo, to vomit.] Nycticebus (nik-ti-sēbus), n. which nourishes; a nutritious substance. The fruit of a

or slow-paced loris, the typical animal of Nutriment (nü'tri-ment), n.

Nycticebidæ. See KUKANG. (L. nutri species

of Strymentum, from nutrio, to nourish.] 1. Tha

chnos (S. nux

Nycticorax (nik-ti-ko'raks), n. [Gr. nyktos, which nourishes; that which promotes the vomica), grow

night, and korax, a crow or raven.) The growth or repairs the natural waste of ing in various

night-heron, a genus of birds of the heron

tribe. See NIGHT-HERON. animal bodies, or that which promotes the

places in the growth of vegetables; food; aliment.

East Indies. It

Nyctinomus (nik-tin'o-mus), n. [Gr. nya, is about the

nyktos, night, and nomos, a habitation.) A The stomach returns what it has received in strength and nutriment diffused into all the parts of the body. size and shape

genus of bats with very large outer ears and South, of

extensive wings. N. egyptiacus is of a

small 2. Fig. that which promotes development or

reddish colour,

and about 3 inches in length. orange, and has improvement; pabulum. "The nutriment a very bitter

It inhabits the tombs and vaults of the that feeds the mind.' Swift. acrid taste. It

large ruins in Egypt. Nutrimental (nu-tri-men'tal), a. Having is known as a

Nyctipithecus (nik'ti-pi-thē"kus), n. [Gr. the qualities of food; nutritious; nourishing; very

virulent

nyx, nyktos, night, and

pithēkos, a monkey.) alimental poison, and is

A genus of American monkeys of the family By virtue of this oil vegetables are nutrimental. remarkable for

Cebidæ, of which one species is the well

known douroucouli. They appear to repreArbuthnot. containing the Nutritialt (nū-tri'shal), a. Connected with

sent the lemur tribe in America. Their vegeto - alkali

Strychnos nux-vomica. or pertaining to nutrition. Had nutritial

habits are nocturnal and their movements strychnia rights.' Chapman.

cat-like. Nuzzer, Nuzzerana (nuz'zer, nuz-zer-ä'na), Nutrition (nů-tri'shon), n. [L. nutritio, from n. In East India, a present or offering made Nyctisaura (nik-ti-sa'ra), n. pl. A group of nutrio, to nourish.] 1. The act or process

nocturnal lizards belonging to the sub-order by which organisms, whether vegetable or Nuzzlet (nuz'l), v. t. (A form of noursle, from Nyctophilus (nik-tof'il-us), n. [Gr. nyx, animal, are able to absorb into their system nurse.) To nurse; to foster. their proper food, thus promoting their The people had been nuzzled in idolatry ever so

nyktos, night, and phileo, to love.] A genus growth or repairing the waste of their long before.

Milton. of bats of the family Vespertilionidæ, subtissues; the function by which

the nutritive Nuzzlet (nuz'l), v.i. [Corrupted from nestle.] family Rhinolophina. matter already elaborated by the various To house as in a nest; to nestle.

Nyet (nī), v. i. (See NIGH.) To advance; to organic actions loses its own nature, and Nuzzle (nuz'l), v.t. (From nose.] 1. To put approach; to draw near. Spenser. assumes that of the different living tissues

a ring into the nose of, as a hog.–2. To root Nye (nī), n. (Contr. from nide.) A brood of -a process by which the various parts of up with the nose.

pheasants. an organism either increase in size from Nuzzle (nuz'l), v.i. 1. To work with the Nylgau (nilga), n. (Hind. and Per. nil-gau additions made to already formed parts, or

nose, as a pig; to rub the nose closely against -nil, blue, and gau, a cow, ox.] The Portax by which the various parts are maintained anything, or push it into any soft substance. picta or tragocamelus, a species of antelope in the same general conditions of form, size,

2. To go with the nose towards the ground. as large as or larger than a stag, inhabiting and composition, which they have already Sir Roger shook his ears and nuzzied along, well

the forests of Northern India, Persia, &c. by development and growth attained. It satisfied that he was doing a charitable work.

The horns are short and bent forward; involves and comprehends all those acts and

Arbuthnot. there is a beard under the middle of the processes which are devoted to the repair

3. To hide the head, as a child in its mother's neck; the hair is grayish blue; there are of bodily waste, and to the maintenance of bosom. - 4. To loiter; to idle. [Provincial strongly marked rings on all the feet, just the growth and vigour of all living tissues. English.)

above the hoofs. The female has no horns. 2. That which nourishes; nutriment. Nyas (ni'as), n. Same as Nias.

The nylgau is much hunted as one of the Fixed like a plant on his peculiar spot,

Nyaya (nya'ya), n. (Skr., from ni, into, and noblest beasts of the chase. Spelled also To draw nutrition, propagate, and rot. Pope. aya,a going.) The name of a system of Hindu Neelghau, Nilghau. Nutritious (nü-tri'shus), a.. Contatning, or

See NIM. philosophy, which, amidst a mass of wholly Nymt (nim), v. t. serving as nutriment; capable of promoting

unintelligible doctrines, embodies that of Nymph (nimf), n. (L. nympha, Gr. nymphē, a the growth or repairing the waste of organic

the transmigration of souls, and which nymph.) 1. In myth. one of a numerous class bodies; nourishing; as, nutritious substances;

makes the highest attainable good of man of inferior divinities, imagined as beautiful nutritious food.

consist in the emancipation from the destiny maidens, not immortal, but always young, O may'st thou often see of being born again after death.

who were considered as tutelary spirits not Thy furrows whiten'd by the woolly rain

Nyctaginaceæ, Nyctagineæ (nik'ta-ji-na". only of certain localities, but also of certain

7. Philips. sē-ē, nik-ta-jin'e-e), n. pl. A nat. order of races and families. They occur generally The nutritious juice itself resembles the white of plants inhabiting the warmer parts of the in connection with some other divinity of an egg in all its qualities.

Arbuthnot. world. In consequence of the generally higher rank, and they were believed to be Nutritiously (nu-tri’shus-li), adv. In a nu purgative quality of the roots of species of possessed of the gift of prophecy and of tritious manner; nourishingly.

this order, one of them was supposed to poetical inspiration. Those who presided Nutritiousness (nū-tri'shus-nes), n.

The have been the true jalap plant, which is, over rivers, brooks, and springs were called quality of being nutritious.

however, now known to be a mistake. The Naiads; those over mountains, Oreads; Nutritive(nu'tri-tiv), a. 1. Having the qua

Mirabilis, or marvel of Peru, Abronia, and those over woods and trees, Dryads and lity of nourishing; nutritious. Pisonia are genera.

Hamadryads; those over the sea, Nereids. It cannot be very savoury, wholesome, or nutritive.

Nyctalopia (nik-ta-lo'pi-a), n. [Gr. nykta 2. In poetry, a young and attractive woman; Fer. Taylor.

lõpia, from nyktalõps, able to see by night a maiden; a damsel. 2. Of, concerned in, or pertaining to nutri only-nyx, nyktos, night, and õpe, the eye.]

Nymph, in thy orisons tion. The nutritive functions.' Dunglison.

Shak. 1. The faculty of seeing in darkness or in a

Be all iny sins remembered. Nutritively (nū'tri-tiv-li), adv. In a nutri faint light, with privation of sight in day 3. Same as Nympha. tive manner; nutritiously; nourishingly. light. — 2. The disorder from which this Nympha (nim'fa), n. The pupa, chrysalis, Nutritiveness (nū’tri-tiv-nes), n. Quality

faculty proceeds. The term has also been or aurelia of an insect; the second state of of being nutritive.

applied to hemeralopia or night-blindness, an insect, passing to its perfect form. Nutrituret (nü'tri-tūr), n. The quality of the exactly opposite defect of vision. Nymphæ (nim'fē), n. pl. In anat. the labia nourishing.

Nyctalops (nik'ta-lops), n. (Gr. nyktalõps. minora, two semicircular glandular memNever make a meal of flesh alone; have some other

See above.) One afflicted with nyctalopía. branes situated within the labia majora of meat with it of less nutriture.

Harvey. Nyctalopy (nik'ta-lo-pi), n. Same as Nyc the vulva. Nut-shell (nut'shel), n. The hard shell of

talopia.

Nymphæa (nim-fē'a), n. (L. nympha, a a nut; the covering of the kernel or the Nycteris (nik'ter-is), n. [Gr. nykteris, a bat.] water-nymph.) A genus of aquatic plants, pericarp: sometimes used proverbially for

A genus of bats belonging to the Rhinolo nat. order Nymphæacex, of which it is the a thing of little value.

phidæ or horseshoe family, especially re type. The N. alba, or white water-lily, A fox had me by the back, and a thousand pound

markable for the faculty of distending the grows in pools, lakes, and slow rivers in to a nut-shell, I had never got off again.

skin by blowing through an aperture at the Britain, and in respect of beauty is consid

Sir R. L'Estrange. bottom of the cheek-pouch of each side, so ered the queen of British flowers. The stems - To be or lie in a nutshell, to be in small that it looks like a balloon furnished with are said to be better than oak-galls for dyecompass; to admit of very brief or simple head, wings, and feet. The purpose of this ing gray, and they are employed for tanning determination or statement.

is probably to diminish its specific gravity. leather.

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NYMPHÆACEÆ

284

ОАК

Nymphæaceæ (nim-fé-ā'sē-7), n. pl. A nat. Nuphar lutea (see NUPHAR), and the Vic In this third song great threat'nings are, order of aquatic plants containing the water toria regia, the flowers of which measure as

And tending all to nymphish war. Drayton. lilies of various parts of the world. They much as 4 feet in circumference. Some of Nymph-like, Nymphly (nimf'lik, nimfli), are polypetalous polyandrous exogens, with the leaves of Victoria are 6 feet long.

a. Resembling nymphs. Nymph-like step. the sides of the cells of the fruit covered Nymphalt (nim'fal), n. One of the ten Milton.

divisions (nymphals) of Drayton's poem, Nympholepsy (nim'fo - lep-si), 2. Gr. The Muse's Elysium.

nymphē, a nymph, and lēpsis, a taking, from This nymphal nought but sweetness breathes. lambanó, to take.] A species of madness,

Drayton. possession, ecstasy, or fascination, seizing Nymphal (nim'fal), a. Relating to nymphs; any one who looked on a nymph. De nymphean. J. Philips.

Quincey. "The nympholepsy of some fond Nymphal (nim'fal), n. A member of one of despair.' Byron. [Rare.

Lindley's alliances, the Nymphales, which Nymphomany, Nymphomania (nim'foincludes the Nymphæaceæ, Nelumbiaceæ, mā-ni, nim-fő-mā'ni-a), n. [Gr. nymphē, a &c.

bride, and mania, madness.] Morbid and Nymphalidæ (nim-fal’i-dē), n. pl. (From incontrollable sexual desire in females.

Nymphalis, one of the genera.] A family Nymphotomy (nim-foto-mi), n. [Gr. nym-
of butterflies, among which are included phē, a nymph, and temno, to cut.] In surg.
those bearing the English names of the pea the excision of the nymphæ; the circum-
cock, painted lady, Camberwell beauty, red cision of the female.
admiral, &c.

NyToca (ni-rôka), 7. A genus of ducks, con-
Nymphean (nim-fē'an), a. Pertaining to taining the pochard (N. ferina).

nymphs; inhabited by nymphs. 'Cool nym- Nyst(niz). [Ne and is.] None is; is not. 'Thou phean grots.' John Dyer.

findest fault where nys to be found.' Spenser. Nymphea Lotus (Egyptian water-lily). Nymphett (nim'fet), n. A little nymph. Nyssa (nisa), n. A genus of North Ameri

The nymphets sporting there.' Drayton. can trees, including the tupelo or pepperidgewith numerous seeds. The stems are bitter Nymphic, Nymphical (nim'fik, nim'ik-al), tree and black-gum. Goodrich. and astringent, and the seeds, which taste a. Pertaining to nymphs.

Nystagmus (nis-tag'mus), n. [Gr. nystaglike those of the poppy, may be used as Nymphiparous (nim-fipa-rus), a. (L. nym. mos, from nystazó, to nod, especially in sleep. ] food, and hence the Victoria is called water pha, a nymph, and pario, to bring forth.] In ined, a winking of the eyes such as hapmaize in South America. The species are Producing nymphs or pupæ.

pens when a person is very sleepy; also, a most prized for the beauty of their flowers; Nymphish (nim'fish), a. Relating to nymphs; partial rotatory movement of the eyeball as the Nymphæa alba (see NYMPHÆA), the nymph-like.

from side to side. Dunglison.

0.

O is the fifteenth letter and the fourth vowel

Or may we cram

Within this wooden [the theatre) the very casques in the English alphabet. The shape of this

That did affright the air at Agincourt? Shak, letter seems to have been taken from the circular configuration of the lips in uttering

2. The arithmetical cipher. "Now thou art the sound. The sound that was originally O', prep. An abbreviation of Of or on. "Some

an ( without a figure. Shak. represented by this letter was no doubt a pure vowel sound, such as that in mortal,

god of the island.' Shak. "Still you keep which is also the sound it generally has in

o' the windy side of the law.' Shak. the continental tongues. This was not one

0, interj. 1. An exclamation used in earnest of the original Aryan vowel sounds (these

or solemn address, appeal, or invocation, being a, i, and u sounded as in Latin or

and prefixed to the noun of address. In Italian), but arose from the modification of

practice authors do not always preserve a an original a or U. (See A.) This sound is

distinction between this particle and oh, a produced by protruding the lips with a

particle of emotion prefixed to a sentence rounded opening, and o is therefore called

or clause expressing sentiment or passion. the labial vowel, i (į) being the palatal,

As regards punctuation, when 0 is, or should and a (a) the guttural. In English O has

be, the word, the mark of exclamation, if seven distinct sounds and shades of sound: employed at all, is placed after the noun of (1) as in note, which, as commonly pro

address; as, 'Hear, 0 Israel!' but when oh nounced in the South of England, is really

is the proper word, the mark is placed ima diphthongal sound, being composed of a

mediately after it; thus, oh !-Oh, dear! and long o sound terminating in a slight oo

Oh, dear me! exclamations expressive of (as in proof) sound. This is the sound

surprise, uneasiness, or exhaustion, fear, heard in go, blow, rove, &c.; also in the

pain, and the like. They are regarded as digraphs oa (boat, groan, &c.); oe (woe,

corruptions of Fr. 0 Dieu ! or It. O Dio! 0 goes); ou (though). (2) The similar short God! and It. O Dio mio! O my God!—2. Used sound without the final oo sound, com

as a noun. monly heard in unaccented syllables where Why should you fall into so deep an 01 Shak. o forms the whole syllable, or terminates it, 3. f Ho, an exclamation used to command a as in tobacco. (3) The sound of o in not, as cessation of noise, fighting, &c. 'An heraud in cost, gone, top; also in the digraph ou on a scaffold made an O.' Chaucer. (hough). (4) The same sound lengthened 0. (Ir. O, a descendant; Gael. ogha, Sc. oe, a through the influence of a following r; as in grandson.) A common prefix in Irish surmortal; also in the digraph ou (brought, names, and equivalent to Mac, son of, in sought). (5) The sound of o in move; as in Gaelic and many Irish names. do, tomb, prode; also in the digraphs 00 (w00, 0,7 a. One. He moste as wel sayn o word, room), ou (through, wound). (6) The same as an other.' Chaucer. sound but shorter (the sound of u in bull); Oadt (öd). For Woad. as in wolf, woman; also in the digraphs 00 Oaf (of), n. [O.E. ouphe, an elf, auls, a (book, wood), ou (could). (7) The sound of a

changeling, an oaf, from Icel. alfr, an elf. in tub; as in comfort, woon, come, done, love; See ELF.) 1. A changeling; a foolish child also in the digraphs oe (does), 00 (blood), ou left by fairies in the place of another who is (country, enough). The sound in genuine carried off by them. English words commonly represents A. Sax.

The fairy left this oaf. d; thus A. Sax. ga, ac, stin, = E. go, oak,

And took away the other. Drayton. stone, no: oo again commonly represents 2. A dolt; an idiot; a blockhead. The fear A. Sax. 0; thus A. Sax. föt, blod, to = foot, of breeding fools and oafs. Beau. & F. blood, too, &c.-0 is the usual character Oafish (of'ish), a. Like an oaf; stupid; dull; for a cypher or nought; it was also some doltish. (Rare.] times used by the ancients for 11, and with Oafishness (of'ish-nes), n. The state or quaa dash over it, Ō, for 11,000.-In old music, lity of being oafish; stupidity; dulness; O was a mark of triple time (tempus perfec- folly. [Rare.] tum), from the notion that the ternary, or Oak (ok), n. [A. Sax. dc, a name of this tree number 3, is the most perfect of numbers, common to the Teutonic tongues; Sc. aik, and properly expressed by a circle, the most Icel. eik, D. eik, L.G. eeke, Dan. eeg, Sw. ek, perfect figure.

G. eiché. Root meaning unknown.) The 0,+ n. pl. Oes (oz). 1. Anything circular or English name of the trees and shrubs be

resembling the letter 0; as, a round spot of longing to the genus Quercus, nat. order any kind; a spangle, &c. "Fiery oes and Cupuliferæ; also its wood. The oak from eyes of light.' Shak. 'Oes or spangs.' Bacon. the remotest antiquity has obtained a pre

eminence among trees, and has not unjustly been styled the monarch of the woods.' In the traditions of Europe and a great part of Asia the oak appears as a most important element in religious and civil ceremonies. It was held sacred by the Greeks and Romans, and no less so by the ancient Gauls and Britons. The species of oak are very numerous, generally natives of the more temperate parts of the northern hemisphere. They have alternate simple leaves, which are entire in some, but in the greater number variously lobed and sinuated or cut; evergreen in some, but more generally deciduous. The common oak attains a height of from 50 to 100 or even 150 feet, with a diameter of trunk of from 4 to 8 feet. Noble specimens of oak-trees, and some of them historically celebrated, exist in almost all parts of Britain; but are much more frequent in England than in Scotland. The oak subserves a greater number of useful purposes than almost any other kind of forest tree,

the wood being hard, tough, tol. erably Hexible, strong without being too heavy, not readily penetrated by water, and bearing alternations of wet and dry better than most other woods. For more than a thousand years British ships were mainly built of common_oak (Q. robur). The American white oak (Q. alba) and the

live-oak (Q.virens) Oak (Quercus robur). were also much

used for the same purpose. The bark of the oak-tree is very valuable, and is preferred to all other substances for the purpose of tanning. Gallic acid exists abundantly in the oak. The leaves of Q. falcata are employed, on account of their astringency, externally in cases of gangrene; and the same astringent principle which pervades all the species has caused them to be employed as febrifuges, tonics, and stomachics. Cork is the bark of Q.suber, or cork oak. (See CORK.) Galls are the produce of Q. infectoria. (See GALL.) The

name oakis sometimes popularly applied to timber of very different genera; thus African teak is often called African oak; while in Australia

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