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the term oak is applied to some species of or galley through the water. The flat part, rieties, which are distinguished from each Casuarina-Green oak, a condition of oak which is dipped into the water, is called other by colour, size, form of seeds, qualwood caused by its being impregnated with the blade; the other end is the handle; and ity of straw, period of ripening, liability the spawn of

the part between the two is called the loom. to shed their seeds in high winds, adaptaPeziza eru

The oar rests in a hole in the gunwale, tion to particular soils and climates, and ginosa, a spe

called the roulock, or between two pins other characteristics. - Wild oats, originally cies of fungus,

called thole pins. The action of an oar in a wild, rakish, dissipated person. Certain which com

moving a boat is that of a lever, the rower's light brains and wild oats.' Becon. Now municates

hand being the power, the water the ful used for youthful excesses, dissipated or beautiful green

crum, against which the oar presses, and rakish habits, and generally in the phrase tint, in which

the rowlock the point at which the opposi to sow one's wild oats, to indulge in youthstate it is much

tion caused by the weight of the boat and ful excesses; to practise the dissipations to used for orna

its cargo is felt. Oars are frequently used which one is prone in the early part of life; mentation. for steering, as in whale boats. - To boat hence to have

sown one's wild oats is to have Jerusalem oak,

oars, to cease rowing and lay the oars in given up youthful follies.-2. A pipe of the Chenopo

the boat.—To feather the oars. See FEATHER, oaten straw. Milton. dium Botrys.

v.t. --To lie on the oars, to suspend rowing, Oatcake (öt kāk), n. A cake made of the Stone oak (Li

but without boating the oars; hence, fig. to meal of oats. thocarpus ja

cease from work; to rest. - To muffle the Oaten (ot'n), a. Pertaining to or made of ranensis) of

oars. See MUFFLED.-To put one's oar in, to oats or oatmeal; as, oaten cakes. "When Java, so named

take part in the business or concerns of shepherds pipe on oaten straws.' Shak. from the exothers, especially officiously.

Oat-fowl (ot'foul), n. A name sometimes treme hard

I put my oar in no man's boat. Thackeray. given to the Plectrophanes nivalis (snowness of its tim- Oriental Gall Oak (Q. infectoria) -To ship the oars, to place them in the

bunting). ber, is tree and Gall-fy.

Oat-grass (ot'gras), n. The common name rowlocks.-To unship the oars, to take them of the same out of the rowlocks. - To toss the oars, to

of several British grasses, mostly, but not family with the true oaks. - To sport one's throw up the blades and hold them perpen

always of the genus Avena. "The oat-grass oak, in university slang, to be 'not at home' to visitors; notified by closing the outer dicularly, the handles resting on the bottom

and the sword-grass, and the bulrush in the of the boat: a kind of salute.-2. In brew

pool.' Tennyson. or oak door of one's rooms. The Oaks ing, a blade or paddle with which the mash

Oath (oth), n. pl. Oaths (ÕTHZ). [A. Sax. ath, stakes, a race for three-year-old fillies, is stirred. E. H. Knight. 3. An oar-like

Sc. aith, Icel. eithr, Dan. and Sw, ed, Goth. carrying a weight of 8 st. 10 lbs. each, run at Epsom during the Derby week; the disappendage or swimming organ of an animal,

aiths, D. eed, G. eid, oath.] 1. A solemn tance being about a mile and a half. They as the neuropodium of an annelid.-4. An

affirmation or declaration, made with an were originated by the twelfth Earl of Derby Oar (or), v.i.' To row. oarsman; as, he is an excellent oar.

appeal to God for the truth of what is

affirmed. The appeal to God in an oath. in 1779, and received their name from Lam

implies that the person imprecates his venbert's Oaks in the parish of Woodmansterne,

He more undaunted on the ruin rode, formerly an inn.

And oard with labouring arms along the flood.

geance and renounces his favour if the de

claration is false; or if the declaration is a Oak-apple (ok'ap-1), n. An oak-gall. See Oar (or), v.t. To impel by rowing. Some promise, the person invokes the vengeance GALL

to a low song oared a shallop.' Tennyson. of God if he should fail to fulfil it. The Oak-beauty (ok’bū-ti), n. The popular name Oared (ord), a. Furnished with oars: used taking of a false oath is called perjury. In of a British moth (Biston prodromaria) of in composition; as, a four-oared boat. point of law, an oath is that kind of solemn the family Geometridæ, whose caterpillar Oar-footed (or'fyt-ed), a. Having feet cap declaration which is necessary as a condifeeds on the oak.

able of being used for oars, as certain ani tion to the filling of some office more or less Oaken (ok'n), a. Made of oak or consisting of mals.

public, or of giving evidence in a court of oak; consisting of oak-trees, or of branches, Oaritis (7-ä-ri'tis), n. [Gr. õarion, the ovary, justice. Oaths are divided into two classes: leaves, &c., of the oak; as, an oaken plank and itis, the termination denoting inflam -(a) Assertory oaths, or those by which or bench. Oaken timber wherewith to mation.) In pathol. inflammation of the something is asserted as true. (6) Promissory build ships' Bacon. An oaken bower.' ovary

oaths, or those by which something is proMilton. An oaken garland, to be worn on Oar-lock (örlok), n. A rowlock.

mised; such as the oaths of princes to rule festivals.' Addison.

Oar-propeller (or-pro-pel'ér), n. A device constitutionally; the oath of allegiance, Oakenpin (ok'n-pin), n. An apple, so called to imitate by machinery the action of scull which is now substituted for the oaths of from its hardness. Mortimer. ing.

allegiance, supremacy, and abjuration forOakert (ok'ér), n. Same as Ochre. Spenser. Oarsman (orz'man), 1. One who rows with merly exacted; the oath of office, the oath of Oak-evergreen (ok'ev-er-grēn), n. The an oar; a boatman.

witnesses, &c. Witnesses are allowed to Quercus Ilex of the south of Europe. Oar-swivel (or'swi-vel), n. A kind of row take an oath in any form which they conOak-gall (ok'gal). See GALL.

lock, a pivotal device for an oar on the gun sider binding on their conscience. ProviOak-leather (ok'leth-ér), n. A kind of wale of a boat.

sion is made in the cases of those who fungus-spawn found in old oaks running Oar-weed (or'wēd), n. A sea-weed of the have conscientious objections to the takdown the fissures, and when removed not genus Laminaria, L. digitata; tangle.

ing of an oath, or those who are obunlike white kid-leather. It is very common Oary (or'i), a. Having the form or

use of an jected to as incompetent to take an oath, in America, where it is sometimes used for oar. [Rare.]

whereby they are allowed to substitute an spreading plasters on.

The swan with arched neck,

affirmation or solemn promise and declaraOakling (ok'ling), n. A young oak. Tennyson.

Between her white wings mantling, proudly rows tion. Oaths to perform illegal acts do not
Her state with oary feet.

There was lately an avenue of four leagues in length, Oasis (7-ā’sis), n. pl. Oases (7-ā'sēz). [L. and

bind, nor do they excuse the performance and fifty paces in breadth, planted with young oak

of the act.-2. A blasphemous use of the Evelyn. Gr., from Coptic oueh, to dwell, and saa, to name of the Divine Being, or of anything Oak-lungs (ök lungz), n. A species of lichen,

drink.] Originally, the name of the fertile associated with our eternal destinies, either Sticta pulmonacea; lung-wort.

spots in the

Libyan desert where there is a by way of appeal, imprecation, or ejaculaOak-paper (ök’pā-per), n. Paper-hangings

spring or well and more or less vegetation, tion. A good mouth-filling oath.' Shak. stained like oak.

but now applied to any fertile tract in the Oathablet (öth'a-bl), a. Fit to be sworn. Oak-spangle (ök'spang-gl), n. A kind of midst of a waste : often used figuratively.

You are not oathable, gall on the leaves of the oak. 'My one oasis in the dust and drouth of city Although I know you'll swear.

Shak. Oak-tree (ok'trē), n. The oak: used adjec

life.' Tennyson.

Oath-breaking (oth'brāk-ing), n. The viotively in extract.

Fountains are never so fresh and vegetation never lation of an oath; perjury.

so glorious as when you stumble upon some oasis
The clayey band, from which the name Weald
clay is derived is ... favourable to the growth of the
after wandering over an arid wilderness.

I told him gently of our grievances,
Edin. Rev.
Of his oath-breaking.

Shak. oak, whence it was originally called by Dr. Mantell Oast (ost), n. [Probably borrowed from D. Oath-rite (oth'rīt), n. The form used at the the oak tree clay.


ast, eest, eijst, a kiln.] A kiln to dry hops taking of an oath. Oakum (ok'um), n. [A. Sax. acumba, acem or malt.

Oatmalt (öt'mąlt), n. Malt made of oats. ba, æcumba, tow, oakum, from prefixa, away, Oasthouse (ost'hous), n. A building for Oatmeal (õt'mēl), n. 1. Meal made from out, and camb, a comb, cemban, to comb, oasts or hop-kilns.

oats.-2. A name given to one of a band of lit. that which is combed out; comp. cem The hops are measured off, and taken to oast riotous profligates who infested the streets ba, tow.] 1. The coarse portion separated houses twice a day, according to the construction of London in the seventeenth century. Ford. from flaxor hemp in hackling. E. H. Knight. and capacity of the oasts.


3. A plant of the genus Panicum; panic2 The substance of old ropes untwisted and Oat (öt), n. [O.E. ote, ate, oote, A. Sax. ata,

grass. pulled into loose fibres: used for caulking the oat; Icel. æti, an eatable, oats; from the Oaze (oz), n. In geol. the soft, slimy mud the seams of ships, stopping leaks, &c. That root of eat.] 1. A genus of grasses (Avena), found covering large areas of the sea botformed from untarred ropes is called white containing many species, and valuable for tom. More commonly called Ooze. oakum. the grain they produce. (See AVENA.) The

In the very deepest parts of the ocean, as in the Oaky (ök'i), a. Resembling oak; hard; firm; word is used in the plural when a quantity Atlantic, the sediment consists almost exclusively of strong. "The oaky, rocky, flinty hearts of of the plant in cultivation or the grain is the calcareous oaze derived from the disintegration men. Bp. Hall.

spoken of; as, a field of oats; a peck of of the shells of marine animals. Prof. Young Cannes (ō-an'ēz), n. The Chaldean sea-god. oats. The oat is cultivated extensively Ob (ob) A Latin preposition occurring as a He is described as having the head and body in all temperate climates, and though prin prefix in a number of words with such meanof a fish, to which were added a human head cipally grown as food for horses, it is also ings as before, about, against, towards, and feet. In the day-time he lived with extensively used, when ground into meal, over-against, over, and also sometimes that men to instruct them in the arts and sciences, as human food. The principal species are of inversion or state of being at the back; but at night retired to the ocean.

the common oat (A. sativa), Tartarian oat as, obovate, inversely ovate, obclavate, inOar (or), n. [A. Sax. ar; Icel. dr, Dan. aare, (A. orientalis), also called Hungarian oat, versely club-shaped, occiput, the back of Sw. åra, perhaps from root ar, seen in A. Sax. and Siberian oat; naked oat (A. nuda), the head. It is often merely intensive. The

erian, Goth. arjan, L. aro, to plough.] 1. A Chinese oat (4. chinensis), short oat (Á. b is often changed into the first letter of the long piece of timber, flat at one

end and round brevis), &c. The cultivated species of oats word to which it is prefixed, as in occasion, at the other, used to propel a boat, barge, are subdivided into a large number of va offer, oppose.




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Obambulatet (ob-am'bū-lāt), v.é. [L. ob- Obduret (ob-dür), a. Obdurate; hard. and many have been removed thence to Rome ambulo-prefix ob, and ambulo, to walk.] To If the general's heart be so ovdure

and other places. They seem to have been walk about. Cockeram.

To an old begging soldier. Webster. erected to record the honours or triumphs Obambulationt (ob-am'bū-lā" shon), n. A Obduredness,t Obdureness + Cob-dūrd'nes,

of the monarchs. walking about. ob-dür'nes), n. Obduracy. (Rare.]

The two largest Impute all these obambulations and nightwalks to Even the best of us lies open to a certain dead.

obelisks were the quick and fiery atoms, which did abound in our ness and obduredness of heart. Bp. Hall.

erected by SeDon. Gayton.

sostris in HelioOban (o'ban ), n. The principal gold coin Obeah (o-bē'a), n. A species of magical art or witchcraft practised among the African

polis; the height of Japan, worth about £4, 28.

of these was 180 Ob-and-solt (ob'and-sol), n. An abbrevia

negroes. The practiser is called an obeah-
man or obeah-woman. Written also Obi.

feet. They were tion for Objection and Solution frequently Obediblet (o-bē'di-bl), a. Obedient; submis

removed to found in the margins of old books of controversial divinity. Burton. sive; compliant. 'Obedible submission.' Bp.

Rome by AugusHall. .

tus. Two obeOb-and-soler, t ob-and-sollert (ob'and

lisks in Alexsol-ér), n. [See above.] A scholastic dis: Obedience (o-bē'di-ens), n. [Fr. obédience, from L. obedientia, obedience. See OBEY.]

andria, known putant; a religious controversialist; a 1. The act or habit of obeying; compliance

Cleopatra's polemic.

with a command, prohibition,
or known law

Needles, were To pass for deep and learned scholars, Although but paltry ob-and-solers, and rule prescribed; submission to author

offered by MeAs if th unseasonable fools ity; as, obedience to a person or to a law or

hemet Ali in Had been a coursing in the schools. Hudibras. command; to reduce a person to obedience.

1820 to England Obarne,t Obarnit (o-bär'nē), n. An ancient Reclaimed to your obedience fifty fortresses.

and France. The beverage, a kind of mead. Shak. "To give obedience where 'tis truly

French choseinChimney sweepers owed.' Shak.-2. Words or action expressive

stead the Luxor To their tobacco and strong waters hum of respect or reverence; dutifulness. To

obelisk, which Meath and obarni.

B. Jonson.
speak my thanks and my obedience.' Shak,

was erected in Obbligato (ob'li-gå-to), n. An instrumental If I affect it (the crown) more

Paris in 1833. part or accompaniment of such importance Than as your honour and as your renown,

The English one that it cannot be dispensed with. Let me no more from this obedience rise

lay prostrate in Obclavate (ob-klā'vắt), a. [Prefix ob, and Which my most inward true and duteous spirit


the sand until clavate.] In bot. inversely clavate. Teacheth, this prostrate and exterior bending.

it was removed

Shak. Obcompressed ob-kom-prest'), a. [Prefix 3. In eccles. hist. (a) a party of adherents;

and erected in ob, and compressed.] In bot. compressed so that the two sutures of a fruit are brought as, the Avignon obedience; the obedience of

London, in 1878, into contact; flattened, back and front. Gregory XIII., &c. (6) A written precept or

by private en

Obelisk at Luxor. other formal instrument by which a superior

terprise. Its Obconic, Obconical (ob-kon'ik, ob-kon'ik in a religious order communicates to one of

height is 68 feet al), a. (Prefix ob, and conic. ] his subjects any special precept or instruc

54 inches, and its breadth at the base 7 feet In bot. conical, but having the tion.- Passive obedience, unqualified obedi.


inches by 7 feet 5 inches.-2. In writing apex downward. ence or submission to authority, whether

or printing, a reference or mark (thus t) Obcordate (ob-kor' dāt), a. the commands be reasonable or unreason

referring the reader to a note in the margin [Prefix ob, and cordate. In able, lawful or unlawful. Passive obedience

or at the foot of a page. It is also used for bot. shaped like a heart, with and non-resistance to the powers that be

designating obsolete words, as a mark of centhe apex downward; as, an obcordate petal, legume, or have sometimes been taught as a political

sure, and for other purposes, varying with doctrine.

the pleasure of the writer. leaf.

Obedienciaryt (7-bē-di-en'shi-ar-i), n. One The Lord Keeper ... was scratched with their Obdormition (ob-dor-mi'- Obcordate Leaf. who obeys. Obedienciaries to their church.'

obelisk, that he favoured the Puritans. Bp. Hacket. shon), n. [L. obdormio, to

Foxe. sleep-ob, and dormio, to sleep.] Sleep; Obedient (o-bē'di-ent), a. L. obediens, ppr.

Obelisk (ob'ê-lisk), v.t. To mark with an

obelisk, as in writing or printing. sound sleep. “A peaceable obdormition in thy bed of ease and honour. Bp. Hal.

of obedio, to obey. See OBEY.] Submissive Obelize (oblē-līz), v.t. To mark with an [Rare.)

to authority, constraint, or control; yield- obelus; to mark as spurious or as suspicious. Obduce (ob-düs'), v.t. [L. obduco-ob, and

ing compliance; dutiful; willing to obey. Obelus (oblē-lus), n. [See OBELISK.) A mark

Obedient to government and peaceable one so called from its resemblance to a needle, duco, to lead.] To draw over, as a covering: towards another.' Tillotson.

usually marked thus --, or thus, in an'A cortex that is obduced over the cutis.' Sir M. Hale. [Rare.]

The chief his orders gives; the obedient band,

cient MSS. or old editions of the classics,

With due observance, wait the chief's command. and indicating a suspected passage or readObductt (ob-dukt'), v.t. [L. obduco. See OB

Pope. ing. The common use of the line in DUCE.) To draw over; to cover; to obduce. SYN. Dutiful, compliant, observant, regard modern writing, is to mark the place of a Sir T. Browne.

ful, subservient, submissive, obsequious. break in the sense, where it is suspended, Obduction (ob-duk’shon), n. [L. obductio. Obediential (o-bē'di-en"shal), a. According or where there is some awkward grammatiSee OBDUCE.) The act of drawing over, as to the rule of obedience; in compliance with cal transition. It is also often used instead a covering. Cockeram. commands.

of a colon (:) or semicolon (;). Obduracy (ob'dū-ra-si), n. [See OBDURATE.] Faith is such as God will accept of, when it affords Obequitatet (ob-ek'wi-tāt), v.i. [L. obequito The state or quality of being obdurate; es fiducial reliance on the promises, and obediential pecially, the state of being hardened against

submission to the command.


-ob, and equito, to ride, from equus, a moral influences; invincible hardness of -Obediential obligations, in Scots law, as

horse.] To ride about. Cockeram. heart; obstinacy in wickedness. Shak. opposed to conventional obligations, are such

Obequitation t (ob-ek'wi-tā"shon), n. The God may by almighty grace hinder the absolute

as are incumbent on parties

in consequence Oberon (ob/er-on), n. 1. In mediæval myth.

act of riding about. Cockeram. completion of sin in final obduracy. South, of the situation or relationship in which

the king of the fairies. Shak. The name Obdurate (ob'dū-rāt, formerly ob-dü'rāt), a. they are placed, as the obligation upon

is identical with Auberon or Alberon, the [L. obduratus, from obduro, to harden--ob, parents to maintain their children.

first syllable of which is the old German intensive, and duro, to harden, from durus, Obediently (7-bē'di-ent-li), adv. In an obe

word alb, Icel. alfr, elf or fairy. His conhard. ] 1. Hardened in heart, especially dient manner; with obedience; with due

sort's name was Titania or Mab.-2. A satelagainst moral influences; persisting obsti submission to commands; dutifully; sub lite of Uranus. nately in sin or impenitence.

missively. But to convince the proud what signs avail, Obeisance (o-bā'sans), n. (Fr. obéissance,

Oberration (ob-er-rā'shon), n. [L. oberro

prefix ob, and erro, to wander. ] The act of Or wonders move the obdurate to relent? Milton, from obéir, to obey, L. obedio.] 1. Obedi

wandering about. Bailey. [Rare.) 2. Hard-hearted; stubborn; unyielding; inence. Chaucer.-2. A bow or courtesy; an

Obese (o'bēs), a. [L. obesus, fat-ob, intens., flexible; inexorable.

act of reverence, deference, or respect. Ah, countrymen! if when you make your prayers, Then call him, madam, do him all obei

and edo, esum, to eat.] Excessively corpu

lent; fat; fleshy. Gayton. God should be so obdurate as yourselves,

sance.' Shak. "Curtseying her obeisance.'

Tennyson. How would it fare with your departing souls?

An obese person, with his waistcoat in closer con

nection with his legs than is quite reconcilable with Shak. They bowed and made obeisance as she passed. the established ideas of grace.

Dickens. 3. Harsh; rugged; rough. [Rare.]

They joined the most obdurate consonants without obeisancy (7-bā'san-si), n. Same as bei Obeseness, Obesity (7-bēs’nes, õ-bes'i-ti), n. one

[L. obesitas, from obesus, fat.] The state or Swift. sance. [Řare.] SYN. Hardened, unbending, inflexible, unObeisantt (o-bā' sant), a. [Fr. obéissant,

quality of being obese; excessive corpulency; ppr. of obéir, to obey. ] Obedient. Chaucer.

extraordinary fatness. The fatness of yielding, stubborn, obstinate, impenitent,

monks, and the obeseness of abbots.' Bp. callous, unfeeling, insensible, unsusceptible. Obeliscal (ob-e-lis'kal), a. In the form of

Gauden. Obduratet (ob'dū-rāt), v.t. To harden; to an obelisk

Obey (o-bā'), v.t. [Fr. obéir, from L. obedio, make obdurate. "Obdurated to the height In the open temples of the Druids, they had an of boldness.' Dr. H. More. obeliscal stone set upright.

obedire, to obey, O.L. oboedire-prefix ob,

Stukeley. Obdurately (ob'dū-rāt-li), adv. In an ob- Obelisk (oblé-lisk), n. [L. obeliscus; Gr. obe

and audio, to hear. See AUDIBLE.) 1. To

give ear to; to comply with the commands durate manner; stubbornly; inflexibly; with liskos, dim. of obelos, a spit, and that from

of; to pay submission to. obstinate impenitence.

belos, a dart, from root bel, bal, seen in ballo, Obdurateness (ob/dū-rät-nes), n. Obduracy; to throw.] 1. A column of a rectangular

Children, očey your parents in the Lord. Eph. vi. I. stubbornness; inflexible persistence in sin. form, diminishing towards the top, generally

2. To be under the government of; to be Obdurateness of men's hearts.' Hammond. finishing with a low pyramid. The propor

ruled by. Obduration (ob-dū-rā'shon), n. Obduracy. tion of the thickness to the height is nearly

Afric and India shall his power obey. Dryden. Hooker.

the same in all obelisks, that is, between 3. To submit to the direction or control of; Obduret (ob-dur), v. i. To become hard. one-ninth and one-tenth; and the thickness to yield to the impulse, power, influence, or Senseless of good, as stones they soon ob at the

top is never less than half, nor greater operation of; as, the ship obeys the helm. dure.' Heywood.

than three-fourths of the thickness at the Obey (0-bā), v.1. To submit to commands or Obduret (ob-dūr'), v.t. [L. obduro. See bottom. Egypt abounded with obelisks, authority; to do as one is bid; to yield comOBDURATE.) To make obdurate; to harden. which were always of a single block of stone; pliance. A courage to endure and to


in law, an incidental opinion, in contradis- Object (ob-jekt'), v.i. To make opposition Objectiveness (ob-jek’tiv-nes), n. The state OBEYER


OBJURGATION obey.' Tennyson. Formerly when used as 2. Anything visible and tangible; a concrete may be brought forward to that course. a neuter verb it was sometimes followed by reality; a material, or material product. *Your spiteful false objections. Shak. Obto in accordance with the French idiom. Machinery, firearms, steam-coal, and simi jections against an hypothesis.' T. Burnet. Yet to their general's voice they soon obeyed. lar objects.' A. Mongredien.

3.7 Cause of trouble or sorrow; care. (Rare.] Milton. Think on thy Proteus when thou haply seest

Though the man can run from many hours of his He commanded the trumpets to sound; to which

Some rare, noteworthy object in thy travels, Shak. sadness, yet he must return to it again, and when he the two brave knights obeying, they performed their courses, breaking their staves.

sits among his neighbours, he remembers the objec. Sir P. Siduey. 3. The aspect in which a thing is presented

tion that lies in his bosom and he sighs deeply. Obeyer (o-bā'ér), n. One who yields obedi. to notice; sight; appearance. (Rare.]

Fer. Taylor The object of our misery is as an inventory to par Syn. Exception, difficulty, doubt, scruple. ence. Price.

ticularize their abundance.

Shak. Obeyingly (7-bâ'ing-li), adv. In an obedient

Objectionable (ob-jek'shon-a-bl), a. Capa

He, advancing close manner; complyingly; submissively.

ble of being objected to; liable to objection;

Up to the lake, past all the rest, arose Obeysance,t n. Obedience. See OBEIS In glorious object.

generally justly liable; calling for disap

Chapman. ANCE 4. That to which efforts are directed; aim;

proval; as, his conduct, his language, is

most objectionable. Obeysing, t n. Obedience. Chaucer. end;

ultimate purpose; as, to attain one's Objectionably (ob-jek'shon-a-bli), adv. In Obirmatet (ob-fer'māt), v.t. (L. obfirmo, object; his object in calling on me was to ask obfirmatum-prefix ob, and firmus, strong.)

an objectionable manner; so as to be liable my advice. To make firm; to harden in resolution.

to objection. Sheldon.

There was this difference in his existence before Objectist (ob'jekt-ist), n. An adherent of

. and since his travels; he was now conscious he Obfirmationt (ob-fér-ma'shon), n. Har

wanted an object,

the objective philosophy or doctrine. Eclec. Disraeli.

Rev. dened resolution; obstinacy.

5. One who is rendered more or less helpless Objective (ob-jek’tiv), a. [Fr. objectif.) BeAll the obfirmation and obstinacy of mind, by by disease, accident, or congenital defect; longing to the object: (a) belonging to an which they had shut their eyes against that light, was to be rescinded by repentance. Fer. Taylor as, a poor, deformed object. [Scotch.]

object of the mind; belonging to what is

* What!' roars Macdonald- Yon puir shaughlin external to the mind; hence, when used of Obfirmed t (ob-fermd), p. and a. Obdurate; in-kneed scray of a thing! Would ony Christian hardened; confirmed." Bp. Hall. body even yon bit object to a bonny sonsie weel

poetry, dealing with matters as entirely


faured young woman like Miss Catline?' Obfuscate (ob-fus' kãt), v.t. (L. obfusco,

apart from the writer, containing no trace

of the writer's own feelings: opposed to subobfuscatum, for offusco -- prefix ob, and 6. In gram. the word or member of a sen

jective. fusco, to obscure, from fuscus, dark. ] 1. To tence or clause expressing that on which

Objective certainty is when the proposition is cerdarken; to obscure.

the action expressed by a transitive verb in tainly true in itself; and subjective when we are His head, like a smoke-jack, the funnel unswept,

the sentence or clause is exercised, or the certain of the truth of it. The one is in things, the and the ideas whirling round and round about in it, word or member governed by a preposition;

other in our minds. all abfuscated and darkened over with fuliginous as in the sentence, He hit the bull's-eye,'

Objective means that which belongs to, or proceeds matter. Sterne.

from, the object known, and not from the subject bull's-eye is the object of hit; and in the 2. Fig. to bewilder; to confuse; to muddle;

knowing, and thus denotes what is real, in opposition sentence, 'The chairman stated that he had to that which is ideal-what exists in nature, in conas, to be obfuscated with drink.

received several letters of apology,' that he trast to what exists merely in the thought of the inAs for Uncle Pullet, he could hardly have been had received several letters of apology is the


Sir W. Hamilton, more cofuscated if Mr. Tulliver had said that he was

object of stated, and letters the object of They (the Iliad and Odyssey) are so purely objecgoing to send Tom to the Lord Chancellor. received

tive that they seem projected, as it were, into this George Eliot.

visible diurnal sphere with hardly a subjective trace Obfuscatet (ob-fuskāt), a. Darkened; ob Object (ob-jekt'), v.t. (L. objicio, objectum, adhering to them, and are silent as the stars concernscured; clouded. “A very obfuscate and to throw or put before, to put in the way, ing their own genesis.

Prof. Geddes. obscure sight.' Burton.

to object-ob, against, and jacio, to throw.) (6) In gram. belonging to the object of a Obfuscation (ob-fus-kā'shon), 12. The act of 1. To place before; to set clearly in view; transitive verb or a preposition; as, the obobfuscating or rendering obscure; a cloudto expose.

jective case; the objective clause in a sentence. ing. Burton.

Tempestuous times
Amaze poore mortals and object their crimes.

-Objective line, in persp. any line drawn on Obtusquet (ob-fusk'), v.t. To obfuscate; to

G. Herbert. the geometrical plane, the representation darken.

2. To throw or place in the way; to oppose. of which is sought in the draught or picObi (obi), n. Same as Obeah.

Pallas to their eyes

ture.-Objective plane, any plane situated Obimbricate (ob-im'bri-kāt), a. (Prefix ob, The mist objected, and condens'd the skies.


in the horizontal plane, whose perspective reversed, and imbricate.) In bot. a term Of less account some knight thereto object,

representation is required. --Objective philapplied to an involucre the exterior scales Whose loss so great and harmful can not prove. osophy, another name for Transcendental of which are progressively longer than the

Fairfax. Philosophy. - Objective point (milit.), the interior ones.

3. To bring forward as a charge or matter point by establishing himself at which a Obit (ob'it), T. (L. obitus, death, from obeo,

of reproach, or as a ground or reason ad

general obtains some decisive result, either obitum, to die-ob, against, and eo, to go.) verse to something; to state or urge against

complete in itself, or leading to one which 1. Death; decease.—2. Funeral solemnities.

or in opposition to; to state as an objec is complete. 3. The anniversary of a person's death, or tion; as, he objected that the candidate was

The objective point may be either the passage over a service or observance held on the anni.

too young: frequently with to or against. a river, a pass in a chain of mountains, à fortress the versary of his death.

It was objected against a late painter that he drew possession of which insures the subjection of the sur

many graceful pictures, but few of them were like. founding district, the junction of two rivers or of In many of our colleges the obit, or anniversary of

Dryden. several roads or railways, or the capital of the counthe death of the founder, is piously observed. Hook. There was but this single fault that Erasmus, try.

Sat. Rev. 4. A particular length of slate. Simmonds. though an enemy, could object to him. Atterbury.

Objective (ob-jek’tiv), n. 1. In gram. the Obiter (ob'it-ér), adv. [L., from ob, along,

The Normans were apt to ooject gluttony and and iter, a way.) In going along; by the drunkenness to the vanquished Saxons, as vices pe

objective case. — 2. The object-glass of the culiar to their inferior strain. Sir W. Scoti.

microscope. by; by chance; incidentally; as, this legal

Objectively (ob-jek’tiv-li), adv. In an obopinion was given obiter. --Obiter dictum, 4.† To bring before one's notice; to offer as

jective manner.
a ; to
from judicial .

Obitual (0-bit'ū-al), a. [L. obeo, to die, obitus,
in words or arguments; to offer reasons

Is there such a motion or objectiveness of external death.) Pertaining to obits, or the days against; as, the counsel objected to the ad

bodies which produceth light? Sir M. Hale. when funeral solemnities are celebrated;

mission of the plaintiff's witnesses; if he
wishes to leave I shall not object.

Objectivity (ob-jek-tiv'i-ti), n. The quality as, obitual days. Obituarily (o-bit'ū-a-ri-li), adv. In the object t (ob-jekt), a. Opposed; presented

or state of being objective. Sir W. Hamilin opposition. Abp. Sandys.

ton. manner of an obituary. Obituary (o-bit'ū-a-ri), n. [Fr. obituaire. Objectable (ob-jekt'a-bl), a. Capable of

Objectivize (ob-jek’tiv-iz), v.i. To philosoSee OBIT.) 1. A list of the dead, or a register being made or urged as an objection. Jer.

phize according to the objective philosophy. of obitual anniversary days, when service is

Taylor. (Rare.]

Objectize (ob'jek-tīz), v.t. To make an obperformed for the dead.

Object-finder (ob'jekt-find-ér), n. In micro ject of; to put in the position of an object; They had a register wherein they entered the obits scopes, an eye-piece of low power used to

to look upon as an object. Coleridge. or obitual days of their founders or benefactors,

search for an object to be afterwards exa

Objectless (ob'jekt-les), a. Having no obwhich was thence termed the obituary.

ject; purposeless; aimless.
mined by a more powerful eye-piece.

A lesson 2. An account of persons deceased; notice Object-glass (objekt-glas), n. In a telescope Object-lesson (objekt-les-n), n. or microscope, the lens which first receives

to the young by presenting to the eye the of the death of a person, often accompanied the rays of light coming directly from the

object to be described or a representation with a brief biographical sketch of his chaobject, and collects them into a focus, where

of it. racter.

One that objects; Obituary (o-bitū-a-ri), a. Relating to the

they form an image which is viewed through Objector (ob-jekt'ér), n.

one that offers arguments or reasons in opdecease of a person or persons; as, an obit

the eye-piece. In the finest refracting tele-
scopes the object-glass consists of an achro-

position to a proposition or measure. uary notice. Object (ob'jekt), 1. (Fr. objet, L. objectum,

matic combination of lenses, formed of sub- Objicient (ob-jis'i-ent), n. One who objects; stances having different dispersive powers,

an objector; an opponent. Cardinal Wiseobjectus. See the verb.] 1. That towards which the mind is directed in any of its and of such figures that the aberration of

man. [Rare.] the one may be corrected by that of the

Objuration (ob-jū-rā'shon), n. (From L. states or activities: the object of sight is the other. The substances chiefly used are

objuro, to bind by oath--prefix ob, and juro, thing seen; of thought the thing thought crown-glass and flint-glass.

to swear.) The act of binding by oath. about; of faith, that which is believed in; Objectify (ob-jek’ti-fi), v.t. To form into an

Bramhall. of zeal, what we are zealous about: in a philosophical sense, correlative to subject,

object; to constitute

anything as an object; Objurgate (ob-jérgāt), v.t. [L. objurgoto cause to assume the character of an ob

prefix ob, and jurgo, to chide.] To chide; which is the term applied to the conscious ject. J. D. Morell.

to reprove. being who sees, thinks, believes, &c.

Objection (ob-jek'shon), n. (L. objectio, from Objurgation (ob-jér-gā'shon), n. [L. objur. Those things in ourselves are the only proper ob objicio, to object.] 1. The act of objecting,

gatio, from objurgo, to chide.) The act of jects of our zeal, which, in others, are the unquestionable subjects of our praises.

chiding by way of censure; reproof; repreBy. Sprat. or of presenting something in opposition.

hension. You think, and what does thinking include! Mani2. That which is or may be presented in

While the good lady was bestowing this objurga. festly a subject and an object-a thinking being and opposition; adverse reason, argument, or

tion on Mr. Ben Allen, Bob Sawyer and Mr. Pickthought itself. F.D. Morell. charge; fault found; as, many objections wick had retired.





Is. i. 13.

Objurgatory (ob-jér'ga-to-ri), a. Having the In seeing a thing to be right, we are under obliga. Obligulate (ob-ligʻū-lat), a. (L. ob, inversely,

tion to do it. character of an objurgation; containing


and ligula, a strap.] In bot. extended on censure or reproof; culpatory. Paley. 2. An external act or duty imposed by the the inner, instead of the outer, side of the Oblanceolate (ob-lans'ol-at), a. (Prefix ob, relations of society; a duty towards our fel capitulum or head: said of the corollas of reversed, and lanceolate.) ' In bot. shaped low-men; a claim upon one.

some ligulate florets. like a lance-point reversed, that is, having Every man has obligations which belong to his Obliquation (ob-li-kwā'shon), n. (L. obli. the tapering point next the leaf-stalk: said station. Duties extend beyond obligations, and quatio, from obliquus, oblique.) 1. Declinaof certain leaves. direct the affections, desires, and intentions, as well

tion from a straight line or course; a turnas the actions.

Whowell. Oblat (ob'lat), n. Same as Oblate.

ing to one side. The obliquation of the Oblate (ob'lat), a. (L. oblatus, thrust for3. The position in which one is bound or in

eyes.' Newton.-2. Deviation from moral ward (i.e. at the equator), from offero, obdebted to another for a favour received; a

rectitude. (Rare in both senses.] latum, to offer.] In geom. flattened or

favour bestowed and binding to gratitude; Oblique (ob-lēk' or ob-lik'), a. (L. obliquus depressed at the poles. -Oblate spheroid, a

as, his kindness has frequently laid me -prefix ob, and liquis, awry; Fr. oblique.] spheroid flattened at the poles, a figure

under obligations to him.-4. In law, a bond 1. Having a direction neither perpendicular such as would be generated by the revolucontaining a penalty, with a condition an

nor parallel to some line or surface which tion of a semi-ellipse about its lesser axis.

nexed, for payment of money, performance is made the standard of reference; not Oblate (obslāt), n. [L. oblatus, offered, deof covenants, or the like. A bond is styled

direct; aslant; slanting. voted.] Eccles. (a) a secular person who, a writing obligatory. In Scots law, an obli

If straight thy track, or if obligne, in the middle ages, devoted himself, his de

gation is defined to be a legal tie by which Thou know'st not. Shadows thou dost strike. pendants and estates, to some monastery, one is bound to pay or perform something

Tennyson. into which he was admitted as a kind of

to another. The debtor whom the English 2. Indirect, in a figurative sense; hence, lay brother. (b) A member of a congrega

term the obligor, is in Scotland termed occasionally, underhand; as, an oblique tion of secular priests who live in commu

the obligant or granter, and the creditor in reproach or taunt. Hence-3. Malignant; nity, devoting themselves to the cure of the obligation (termed in England the ob envious; unpropitious. 'Oblique Saturn. souls under a bishop. Oblates were first inligee) the receiver or grantee.

Spenser. The restless, oblique eye that troduced into the diocese of Milan by St.

Obligato (ob-le-ga'to). See OBBLIGATO. looks for evil.' Wordsworth.-4. Not direct Charles Borromeo about the close of the Obligatorily (obli-ga-to-ri-li), adv. In an in descent; collateral. sixteenth century, and the congregation as obligatory manner; by obligation.

His natural affection in a direct line was strong, in thus instituted was introduced into Eng. | Obligatoriness (obli-ga-to-ri-nes), n. State an oblique line weak.

Baker. land by Archbishop Manning. Other comof being obligatory.

-Oblique angle, any angle except a right munities have a similar title; as, the oblates Obligatory (ob'li-ga-to-ri), a. Imposing angle. --- Oblique arch, in arch. an arch of Mary Immaculate. Called also Oblate

obligation; binding in law or conscience; whose direction is not at right angles to its Fathers.

imposing duty; requiring performance or axis; a skew arch. -Oblique bridge, a skew Oblate (oblāt), v.t. To offer as an oblation;

forbearance of some act: followed by on bridge. See under BRIDGE. --Oblique case, to devote to the service of God or of the before the person.

in gram, any case except the nominative. church. Rev. Orby Shipley.

As long as law is obligatory, so long our obedience -Oblique circle, in spherical projections, a Oblateness (oblāt-nes), n. The quality or

is due.

Fer. Taylor circle whose plane is oblique to the axis state of being oblate.

If this patent is obligatory on them, it is contrary to of the primitive plane. -Oblique cone or Oblation (ob-la'shon), n. (L. oblatio, an

acts of parliament, and therefore void. Swifl. cylinder, one whose axis is oblique to the offering, from offero, oblatum, to bring for Formerly followed by to.

plane of its base. -Oblique leaf, in bot, a ward, to offer--prefix ob, and fero, to bear or And concerning the lawfulness, not only permis.

leaf in which the parenchyma or cellular þring.) 1. Anything offered or presented

sively, but whether it be obligatory to Christian tissue is not symmet ally developed on princes and states.

Bacon. in worship or sacred service; an offering; a

each side of the midrib or stalk.-Oblique sacrifice.

Oblige (o-blij', formerly o-blēj'; see extract motion, in music, a kind of motion or proBring no more vain oblations.

from Pope). (Fr. obliger, from L. obligo, to gression in which one of the parts in har. Specifically, in the early Christian church, a bind, to oblige-ob, and ligo, to bind, whence mony proceeds on the same degree of the gift or contribution for the expenses of the

obligate, ligament.] 1. To secure the at scale while another ascends or descends. eucharist, or for the support of the clergy tachment or favour of; to attach.

--Oblique muscle, in anat. a muscle having and poor.-2. In canon law, anything offered He had obliged all the senators and magistrates

an oblique direction as regards the plane to God and the church, whether movables

firmly to himself.

bacon. that divides the body into two symmetrical or immovables.

2. To constrain by any force, physical, moral, halves.-Oblique plane, in dialing, a plane Oblationer + (ob- lā'shon-ér), n. One who or legal; to compel by any power or influ

which declines from the zenith or inclines makes an offering as an act of worship or ence; to bind by any restraint.

toward the horizon.--Oblique sailing (naut.), reverence.

The obliging power of the law is neither founded

the movement of a ship when she sails He presents himself an oblationer before the Al. in, nor to be measured by, the rewards and punish.

upon some rhumb between the four cardinal mighty. Dr. H. More ments annexed to it.

Sonth. points, making an oblique angle with the Oblatrate (ob-lá'trāt), v. i. (L. oblatro, ob 3. To bind by some favour done to; to lay meridian. – Oblique speech, in rhet. that latratum, to bark againstmob, against, and under a debt; to lay under obligation of

which is quoted indirectly, or in a different latro, to bark.) To bark; to snarl; to rail gratitude.

person from that employed by the original against. Cockeram. Thus man, by his own strength, to heaven would soar,

speaker. Thus, the sentence, I have Oblatration (ob-la-trā'shon), n. Barking; And would not be obliged to God for more. Dryden.

been learning geometry,' when reported snarling; quarrelsome or captious objection Sneered at by fools, by flatterers besieged,

by another, becomes in oblique speech, or objections. "Currish oblatrations.' Bp. And so obliging that he ne'er obliged. Pope.

He said that he had been learning geoHall. Hence–4. In the passive, to be indebted; to

metry.' Called also Oblique Narration. Oblectatet (ob-lek'tät), v.t. (L. oblecto, to owe.

Oblique sphere, in astron. and geog. the please.) To delight; to please highly. Cot To those hills we are obliged for all our metals.

celestial or terrestrial sphere when its axis grave.

bentley. is oblique to the horizon of the place; or its Oblectationt (ob-lek-tā'shon), n. The act SYN. To bind, compel, force, necessitate, position to an observer at any point on the of pleasing highly; delight. Such oblecta obligate, favour, gratify, please.

earth except the poles and the equator. tions that can be had in godliness.' Felt- Obligee (o-bli-jē), n. In law, the person to Oblique system of co-ordinates, in analytical ham.

whom another is bound, or the person to geom. a system in which the co-ordinate Obligant (obli-gant), n. In Scots law, one whom a bond is given.

axes are oblique to each other. See Cowho binds himself by a legal tie to pay or Obligementt (o-blīj'ment), n. 1.1 Obliga ORDINATE, 7. perform something to another person.


Oblique (ob-lēk' or ob-lik), v. i. 1. To deviate Obligate(obli-gāt), v.t. [L.obligo, obligatum, I will not resist, therefore, whatever it is, either of from a direct line, or from the perpendicular; to bind, to bring under an obligation

divine or human obligement that you lay upon me. to slant; to slope. [Rare.)

Milion. prefix ob, and ligo, to bind.) To bring or 2. A favour conferred.

Projecting his person toward it in a line which place under some obligation; to bind, oblige,

obliqued from the bottom of his spine. Sir W. Scott.

Let this fair princess but one minute stay, or constrain legally or morally; to hold to

A look from her will your obligements pay.

2. Milit. to advance obliquely by stepping some duty. That they may not incline or

Dryden. sidewise. be obligated to any vile or lowly occupa- | Obliger (o-blij'ér), n. One that obliges. Oblique-angled (ob-lēk'ang-gld or ob-liktions.' Landor.

Obliging (o-blij'ing), a. Having the dispo ang-gld), a. Having oblique angles; as, an That's your true plan-to obligate

sition to do favours, or actually conferring oblique-angled triangle. The present minister of state. Churchill. them; complaisant; kind.

Obliquely (ob-lēk’li or ob-likli), adv. In an [These quotations are given by Goodrich.

Mons. Strozzi has many curiosities, and is very oblique manneror direction: (a)not directly; The word does not seem to be much used obliging to a stranger that desires the sight of them. not perpendicularly. by good writers, and by some authorities it

Addisont. is stigmatized as vulgar.

Declining from the noon of day,
It is common
Obligingly (ō-blīj'ing-li), adv. In an ob-

The sun obliquely shoots his burning ray. Poge. enough in Scotland, as it is also said to be liging manner; with civility; kindly; comin America.

(6) Indirectly; by a side glance; by an In the following quotation it plaisantly. is used without an object.

I see her taste cach nauseous aught,

allusion; not in the direct or plain meaning. This oath he himself explains as obligating, not And so obligingly am caught,

His discourse tends obliquely to the detracting I bless the hand from whence they came. Swift.

from others. merely to a passive compliance with the statutory

Addison enactments, but to an active maintenance of their Obligingness (o-blīj'ing-nes), n. 1. The state Obliqueness (ob-lēk'nes or ob-lik'nes), n. authority.

Sir W. Hamilton.]

or quality of being obliging; civility; com Obliquity. Obligation (ob-li-gā'shon), n. [L. obligatio, plaisance; disposition to exercise kindness. Obliquid (ob-lik'wid), a. Oblique. Spenser. from obligo, to bind, oblige.] 1. That which Such condescension and obligingness.' Iz. Obliquity (ob-lik'wi-ti), n. [L. obliquitas, binds or obliges to do something; binding Walton. - 2. Binding power; obligation. from obliquus, oblique; Fr. obliquité.] The or constraining power, as that belonging to [Rare. )

state of being oblique: (a) deviation from a promise, oath, or contract, or to law, civil, These legal institutions did consequently set a parallelism or perpendicularity; as, the obpolitical, or moral, independent of a pro period to the obligingness of those institutions. liquity of the ecliptic to the equator. See mise; that which constitutes legal or moral

Hammond. duty. Obligor (ob-li-gor), n. In law, the person

ECLIPTIC. (6) Deviation from moral recti

tude. An obligation is something which constrains or inwho binds himself or gives his bond to an

To disobey or oppose His will in anything imports duces us to act.


a moral obliquity.





(c) Irregularity; deviation from ordinary language that causes reproach and odium to Oboval (ob-o'val), a. Same as Obovate. rules. rest on men or their actions.

Henslou. Obliterate (ob-lit'ér-at), v.t. (L. oblitero, to Shall names that made your city the glory of the

Obovate (ob-o'vāt), a. In bot. inversely ovate; blot out, to cause to be forgotten-prefix earth be mentioned with obloquoy and detraction?

having the narrow end downob, and litera, a letter.] 1. To efface; to


ward. erase or blot out; to make undecipherable; 2. Cause of reproach; disgrace.

Obovoid (ob-o'void), a. In as, a writing may be obliterated by erasure, My chastity's the jewel of our house

bot. approaching the obovate by blotting, or by the slow operation of time Which were the greatest obloquy i' the world

form. In me to lose.

Shak. or natural causes.--2. To wear out; to de

Obreption (ob-rep'shon), n. stroy by time or other means; to cause to be SYN. Reproach, odium, censure, contumely,

[L. obreptio, from obrepo, to forgotten; as, to obliterate ideas or impres reviling, calumny, slander, detraction.

creep up to--prefix ob, and sions.

Obluctation (ob-luk-tā'shon), n.

(L. ob

repo, to creep.) 1. The act of Let men consider themselves as ensnared in that luctor-ob, against, and luctor, to struggle.] Obovate Leaf. creeping on with secrecy or unhappy contract which has rendered them part of A struggling or striving against; resistance.

by surprise. Cudworth. the Devil's possession, and contrive how they may “That artificial obluctation and facing out of 2. In Scots law, the obtaining gifts of escheat, obliterate that reproach.

the matter.' Fotherby. (Rare.)

&c., by telling a falsehood. The obtaining This is what distance does for us, the harsh and bitter features of this or that experience are slowly

Obmutescencet (ob-mū-tes'ens), n. (L. ob of such gifts by concealing the truth is obliterated and memory begins to look kindly on the

mutesco, to be silent-prefix ob, and mutus, termed subreption. past. W. Black. dumb.]' 1. Loss of speech ; dumbness. Sir Obreptitious (ob-rep-ti/shus), a. (See

The 3. To reduce to a very low or impercepT. Browne.--2. A keeping silence.

above.) Done or obtained by surprise; with tible state; as, the pulse was obliterated. obmutescence, the gloom, and mortification secrecy, falsehood, or by concealment of the

truth. --Obliterated vessel or duct, in pathol. a

of religious orders. Paley. vessel or duct whose walls have contracted

Obnoxious (ob-nok'shus), a. (L. obnoxius Obrogatet (ob'ro-gät), v.t. (L. obrogo, obrosuch an adhesion to each other that the cavity

-ob, and noxa, harm, hurt, from root of gatum -ob, against, and rogo, to ask.) To has completely disappeared.

noceo, to hurt.) 1.1 Liable or exposed to propose or proclaim a new and contrary Obliterate (ob-lit'er-āt), a. In entom. a term

harm or injury; exposed to punishment; law for the purpose of annulling the old applied to impressions and elevations nearly

liable or exposed in general: generally with one; to abrogate. Bailey.

to. effaced or obliterated.

Obrotund (ob-rõ-tund'), a. In bot. approach

We know ourselves obnoxious to God's severe Obliteration (ob-liter-ā"shon), n. 1. The

ing a round form. justice.

Calamy. act of obliterating or effacing; effacement;

Obrutet (ob'ryt), v.t. (L. obruo, obrutum, to They leave the government a trunk, naked, defence

throw down.) To overthrow. The misery a blotting out or wearing out; extinction. less, and obnoxions to every storm.


: wherewith ye were obruted and over2. In pathol the closure of a canal or cavity

whelmed.' 2. Subject; answerable; bound: with to.

Becon. of the body by adhesion of its walls. Obliterative (ob-lit'er-at-iv), a. Tending to

*Esteeming it more honorable to live on the Obscene (ob-sēn'), a. (L. obscenus, obsceobliterate; obliterating ; effacing; erasing.

public than to be obnoxious to any private nu8, filthy, repulsive, ill-omened, obscene: Oblivialt' (ob- liv'i-al), a. Forgetful;

purse.' Milton.

*The writings of lawyers, etymol. doubtful.] 1. Impure in language oblivious. Maunder.

which are tied and obnoxious to their par or action; indecent; offensive to chastity

ticular laws.' Oblivion (ob-liv'i-on), n. (L. oblivio, oblivi

Bacon. --- 3. Reprehensible; and delicacy; smutty; as, obscene language; onis, from obliviscor, to forget-prefix ob,

censurable; not approved. Obnoxious au obscene pictures. and obs. liviscor, from liveo, to become

thors.' Fei.-4. Odious; hateful; offensive; Words that were once chaste, by frequent use

unpopular. black.) 1. The state of being blotted out One is popular, another ob grew obscene and uncleanly.

W'atts. from the memory; the being forgotten.

noxious. Blackstone.' Obnoxious to a poli 2. Foul; filthy; offensive; disgusting. tical party. Whately.

A girdle foul with grease binds his obscene attire. Till each to razed oblivion yield his part Obnoxiously (ob-nok'shus-li), adv. In an

Dryden. Of thee, thy record never can be miss'd. Shak.

obnoxious manner; reprehensibly; odiously; 3. Inauspicious; ill-omened. The origin of our city will be buried in eternal offensively.

At the cheerful light odlivion.

Obnoxiousness (ob-nok'shus-nes), n. The

The groaning ghosts and birds obscene take Aight. 2. Forgetfulness; the act of forgetting.

Dryden. state of being obnoxious: (a)t liability.

Syn. Impure, immodest, indecent, unchaste, Among our crimes oblivion may be set. Dryden. (6) Reprehensibleness; odiousness; offen

lewd. Can they imagine that God has therefore forgot siveness; unpopularity. The conscience

Obscenely (ob-sēnli), adv. In an obscene their sins because they are not willing to remember of his own obnoxiousness.' Bp. Hall. them! or will they measure his pardon by their own

manner; offensive to chastity or purity; Obnubilate (ob-nū'bil-āt), v.t. [L. obnubilor, oblivion 1 South.

impurely; unchastely. to cloud-prefix ob, and nubilus, cloudy, Obsceneness, Obscenity (ob-sēn'nes, ob3. A forgetting of offences, or remission of from nubes, mist, cloud.] To cloud; to ob

sen'i-ti), n. The state or quality of being punishment. An act of oblivion is an scure. [Rare.]

obscene; impurity in expression, represenamnesty or general pardon of crimes and

But corporal life doth so obnubilate

tation, or action; that quality in words or offences granted by a sovereign, by which Our inward eyes that they be nothing bright. things which presents what is offensive to punishment is remitted. Sir J. Davies.

Dr. H. More. Oblivious (ob-liv'i-us), a. (L. obliviosus. Obnubilation (ob-nū'bi-lá"shon), n. The

chastity or purity of mind; ribaldry; lewdSee OBLIVION.] 1. Causing forgetfulness. act or operation of obnubilating or making

Those fables were tempered with the Italian "Some sweet oblivious antidote.' Shak. dark or obscure. (Rare.]

severity, and free from any note of infamy or co

sceneness. Behold the wonders of th' oblivious lake.

Oboe (oʻboi), n. [It, oboe, from Fr, hautbois,

Dryden. an oboe.] See HAUTBOY.

No pardon vile obscenity should find. Pope, 2. Forgetful. Through age both weak in Oboist (ob’o-ist), n. A player on the oboe; Obscenoust (ob-sēn'us), a. Obscene ; imbody and oblivious.' Latimer. a hautboyist.

pure. Obscenous in recital, and hurtful in The shake had jumbled the fat boy's faculties Obole (ob'ol), n. [See OBOLUS.] In phar, the

example.' Sir J. Harington. together instead of arranging them in proper order, weight of 10 grains, or half a scruple.

Obor had roused such a quantity of new ideas within

Obscenousness t (ob-sēn'us-nes), n. him as to render him oblivions of ordinary forms and

Obolite-grit (ob'o-lit-grit), 1. In geol. the scenity. "Ribaldry or obscenousness.' Sir ceremonies.

lower silurian sandstone of Russia and

J. Harington

Sweden. It has its name from the obolus, Obliviously (ob-liv'i-us-li), adv. In an

Obscurant (ob-skū'rant), n. One who oboblivious manner; forgetfully. a brachiopod mollusc whose shells are very

scures; one who opposes the progress of abundant in it. Obliviousness (ob-livi-us-nes), n. State of

knowledge, or who labours to prevent enbeing oblivious. Obolize (ob'ol-iz), v.t. Same as Obelize.

lightenment, inquiry, or reform; an obscuOblocutor: (ob-loʻkü-tor), n. Obolo (ob'o-lo), n. A copper coin of the

rantist. A gainsayer. Ionian Islands, in value about a halfpenny. Bale.

Foiled in this attempt, the obscurants of that ven. Obolus (ob'o-lus), n. [L., from Gr. obolos.) 1. A erable seminary resisted only the more strenuously Oblong (obʼlong), a. (L. oblongus, oblong. ! small coin of ancient Greece, latterly of sil every effort at a reform. Sir W. Hamilton, 1. Longer than broad; rectangular, and

ver, the sixth part of an Attic drachma, equal Obscurantism (ob-skü'rant-izm), n. The having the length greater than the breadth.

to 1fd.; multiples and submultiples of this system or principles of an obscurant. -Oblong spheroid, a term sometimes used

coin were also used, and pieces of the value obscurantist (ob-skū’rant-ist), n. Same as for a prolate spheroid. See PROLATE.-2. In bot. elliptical; obtuse at each end, as the of 5, 4, 3, 2, 1} oboli, and 1, 3d, {th of an obo Obscurant. North Brit. Rev.

Obscuration (ob-skū-rā'shon), n. [L. obsculeaves of Hypericum perforatum.

ratio,from obscuro, to darken. See OBSCURE.) Oblong (ob'long), n. A figure which is

The act of obscuring or darkening; the longer than it is broad; specifically, in


state of being darkened or obscured; as, the geom, a right-angled parallelogram or rect

obscuration of the moon in an eclipse. angle, whose length exceeds its breadth.

As to the sun and moon, their obscuration or The best figure of a garden I esteem an oblong

change of colour happens commonly before the erupupon a descent. Sir W. Temple.

tion of a fiery mountain.

Bp. Burnd. Oblongish (ob' long-ish), a. Somewhat

Obscure (ob-skūr), a. (Fr. obscur, from L. oblong

obscurus-prefix ob, and root seen in scuOblongly (oblong-li), adv. In an oblong

tum, a shield, and in Skr. sku, to cover.) form; as, oblongly shaped.

1. Imperfectly illuminated; deprived of Oblongness (ob'long-nes), n.

Brass Obolus of Metapontum. A, Actual diameter
The state of

light; gloomy; murky.

of coin. being oblong

Whoso curseth his father or mother, his lamp shall Oblong-ovate (oblong-o-vāt), a.

Prov. xx. 20.

be put out in obscure darkness. In bot. lus respectively are to be found in collecbetween oblong and ovate. tions.-2. A small ancient weight, the sixth

2. Living in darkness. (Rare.] Obloquious (ob-lo'kwi-us), a. Containing part of an Attic drachm.-3. A genus of

The obscure bird clamour'd the live-long night. obloquy; reproachful. 'Apt to rise and vent

Shak. fossil bivalves belonging to the Lingula in obloquious acrimony." Sir R. Naunton.

3. Not easily understood; not obviously infamily, characterized by their smooth spher[Rare.) ical shells, with their valves scarcely equal.

telligible; abstruse; indistinct; as, the meanObloquy (oblo-kwi), n. [L. obloquium, from

ing is very obscure. There are several species occurring in the obloquor --ob, against, and loquor, to speak.) silurians of Northern Europe. See OBOLITE

I explain some of the most obscure passages, and

those which are most necessary to be understood. 1. Censorious speech; reproachful language; GRIT.



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w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.-See KEY.

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