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a.or adj. stands for adjective.

abbrev. abbreviation, abbreviated. a CC. -- accusative. act. --- active. adv. adverb. agri. --- agriculture. aly. --- algebra. Amer. American. awat. anatomy. clotc. ancient. antiq. antiquities. aor. --- aorist, aoristic. Ar. --- Arabic. arch. architecture. archaeol. archaeology. arith. arithmetic. Armor. Armoric. art. --- article. A. Sax. Anglo-Saxon. astrol. astrology. astron. astronomy. at. wit. atomic weight. aug. augmentative. Bav. Bavarian dialect. biol. biology. Bohem. 1}ohemian. bot. --- botany. Hraz. Brazilian. Bret. Breton (=Armoric). Bulg. Bulgarian. Catal. Catalonian. carp. carpentry. Caus. --- causative. Celt. --- Celtic. Chal. --- Chaldee. chem. chemistry. chron. chronology. Class. Classical (=Greek and Latin).

Cog. cognate, cognate with. colloq. colloquial. cont. Connlinerce. comp. compare. compar. comparative. conch. conchology. conj. conjunction. contr. contraction, contracted. Corn. Cornish. crystal. crystallography. Cym. --- Cymric.

- Dutch. Dan. Danish. dat. dative. def. definite. deriv. --- derivation. dial. --- dialect, dialectal. dim. diminutive. distrib. distributive. dram. drama, dramatic. dyn. --- dynamics. E., Eng. ... English. eccles. - ecclesiastical. Egypt - Egyptian. elect. - electricity. engin. engineering. engr. engraving. enton? entomology. Eth. - Ethiopic. ethn. ethnography,ethnology. et/m. - etymology. Eur. European. exclam. ... exclamation. fem. --- feminine. {{. --- figuratively. Fl. --- Flemish. fort. --- fortification. Fr. --- French. freq. frequentative. Fris. - Frisian. fut. - future. G. --- German. Gael. - Gaelic.

gale. stands for galvanism.
genit. --- genitive.
geog. geography.
geol. geology.
geom. geometry.
Goth. Gothic.
Gr. Greek.
gram. --- grammar.
goto. --- gunnery.

Heb. Hebrew. her. --- heraldry.

Hind. --- Hindostamee, Hindu, or
hist. --- history. [Hindi
hort. horticulture.
Hung. Hungarian.
//dros. hydrostatics.
Icel. Icelandic.
ich. ichthyology.
imper. imperative.
imperf. imperfect.
impers. impersonal.
incept. inceptive.
ind. --- indicative.

Ind. Indic.
indef. --- indefinite.
Indo-Eur. ... Indo-European.
inf. --- infinitive.
intens. intensive.
interj. interjection.
Ir. Irish.
Iran. Iranian.
It. - Italian.
L. Latin.
lan. - language.
Lett. Lettish.
L.G. - Low German.
lit. --- literal, literally.
Lith. --- Lithuanian.

----- --- late Latin, low do. mach. machinery. man of manufactures. II]as C. -- masculine. math. --- mathematics. mech. mechanics. med. medicine. Med. L. Medieval Latin. intensor. mensuration. metal. metallurgy. metaph. metaphysics. meteor. meteorology. Mex. Mexican. M.H.G. Middle High German. milit. military. mineral. ... mineralogy. Mod. Fr. ... Modern French. myth. mythology.

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Norse, Norwegian.

noll n.

natural history.

natural order.

natural philosophy.





New High German.



Northern English.





Old Bulgarian (Ch.Slavic).

Old English (i.e. English between A. Saxon and Modern English).

Old French.

Old High German.

Old Prussian.

Old Saxon.



p. stands for participle. palaeon. palaeontology. part. participle. pass. passive. pathol. pathology. pejor. pejorative. Per. Persic or Persian. perf. perfect. pers. person. {..., poive. 'eruv. eruvian. Pg. Portuguese. phar. pharmacy. philol. philology. philos. Shilosophy. hoen. }. photos. photography. phren. --- phrenology. phys, geoy.... physical geography. physiol. physiology. ol. Slural. £ip. latt Dutch. pneum. pneumatics. poet. etical. Pol. olish.

pol. econ. ...

political economy.

poss. possessive. pp. past participle. ppr. present participle. Pr. -- rovençal. prep. --- preposition. pres. present. pret. --- preterite. priv. --- privative. pron. ... pronunciation, pronounced. pron. --- pronoun. pros. prosody. prov. provincial. psychol. psychology. rail. --- railways. R. Cath. Ch.... Roman Catholic Church. rhet. --- rhetoric.

tom.antiq. ... Roman antiquities. Rus. -- Russian. Sax. --- Saxon. Sc. Scotch. Scand. ... Scandinavian. Scrip. --- Scripture. sculp. sculpture. Sem. Semitic. Serv. Servian. sing. singular. Skr. Sanskrit. Slav. Slavonic, Slavic. Sp. Spanish. sp. gr. specific gravity. stat. statute. subj. subjunctive. superl. superlative. sury. surgery. satra'. surveying. Sw. Swedish. sym. symbol. syn. synonym. Syr. Syriac. Tart. Tartar. technol. technology. teleg. telegraphy. term. termination. Teut. Teutonic. theol. theology. toricol. toxicology. trigon. trigonometry. Turk. Turkish. typog. typography. War. variety (of species). v.i. verb intransitive. t'.7t. verb neuter. w.t. --- verb transitive.

- --- Welsh.

zool. --- zoology. + - obsolete.

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L, the twelfth letter of the English alphabet, is usually denominated a semi-vowel or a liquid. It is formed by placing the tip of the tongue inst the gum that incloses the roots of the upper teeth, and allowing the breath to escape by the sides of the tongue. L has only one sound in English, as in like, canal. At the end of monosyllables it is often doubled, as in fall, full, tell, bell, but not after diphthongs and digraphs, as foul, fool, prowl, growl, foal, &c. e nearest ally of lisr, the ronunciation of which differs from that of only in being accompanied by a vibration of the tip of the tongue. There is no letter accordingly with which l is more frequently interchanged, instances of the change of l into r and of r into l being both very common in various languages. In fact in the history of the Indo-European alphabet l is considered to be a later modification of r. Thus the Skr. rutch, to shine, corresponds to the Gr, root luk in leukos, white, L. luc in luceo, to shine, luz, light, and the root of E. light; the L. ulinus yields the Fr. orne, and the L. peregrinus yields the It. pellegrino, Fr. pelerin, E. pilgrim, L. la rendula, E. lavender. So too the Latin adjectival terminations -alis, -aris are the same. There are whole nations that do not possess one or other of these sounds, the Japanese, for example, always using r instead of l, while the Chinese use l instead of r. L is also found representing m, as in postern, as well as the mutes d, t, thus E. tear, Fr. larine, Gr, dakry, are etymologically the same words. In A. Sax, l, like the other liquids n and r, is often preceded by h, which was no doubt sounded, as in hlāf, loaf ; hladan, to lade or load; hlot, lot; hlinian, hleonian, to lean. In English words the terminating syllable le is unaccented, the e is silent, and ! forms itself a syllable, as in able, eagle, pronounced abl, eagl. In some words l is now mute, as in half, calf, walk, talk, chalk, walk, calmn; from others it has disappeared altogether, as from each, such ; in hauberk, a wburn, it has become u ; in could, syllable, participle. it has intruded. — As an abbreviation, in Latin, it stands for Lucius; I. L.S. for a sesterce, or two librae and a half L.L. D. stands for Legum Doctor, I octor of Laws. L is also used for liber, book, as applied to a division in a work.As a numeral L stands for 50. La (la), ezclan. [A. Sax. la, lo! behold!] Look ; see; behold. La (la). In music, (a) in solmization, the sixth of the seven syllables—ut or do, re, oni, fa, sol, la, si-representing the seven sounds in the diatonic scale. (b) The syllable by which Guido denoted the last sound of each of his hexachords. If the hexachord begins in C, the la answers to our A; if in G. to our E. and if in F, to D. Lab, Labbe, n. [Allied to D. labben, to blab, to tell tales; to G. labbe, lip, mouth; and probably to E. blab.) A great talker; a blabber. ‘ I am no lab." Chaucer. [Obsolete or provincial.] Lab, + Labbe, top. i. (See the noun..] To blab; to prate: to talk thoughtlessly or carelessly. “A labbing shrew is she.” Chaucer.

Labadist (lab'a-dist), n. A follower of Jean de Labadie, who lived in the seventeenth century. The Labadists held that God can and does deceive men, that the observance of the Sabbath is a matter of indifference, and other peculiar opinions.

Labarri (la-bar'ré), n. Elaps lemniscatus, a deadly snake of Guiana, which sometimes reaches the length of 8 feet. It is beautifully coloured when alive, but fades when

dead. Labarum (lab'a-rum), m, [L. labarum, laborum, Gr. labaron, laboron; etym. doubtful..] The imperial standard adopted by Constantine the Great after his conversion to Christianity, differently described and figured, but generally represented as a so having a cross-bar with the banner depending from it and bearing the Greek letters XP (that is, Chr), conjoined so as to form a monogram of the name of Christ. The banner was made of silk, The word is sometimes used for any other standard or Labarum,_Medal flag, and its form may still of Constantine. be recognized in the banners carried in ecclesiastii. processions in all Roman Catholic counries. Labdanum (lab'da-num). See LADANUM. Labefaction (lab-e-fak'shon), n. [L. labeJactio, from labefacio—labo, to totter, and Jacio, to make.] A weakening or loosening; a failing; decay; downfall; ruin. There is in it such a often of all principles as may be injurious to mortality. Aostwelf. Labefy t|lab'e-fi), v.t. To weaken or impair. Label (lā’bl), n. [O. Fr. label, lambel, labeau, a rag, a tatter, a shred: either of Germanic or of Celtic origin; o, G. lappen, a flap, patch, rag, and W. lab, a strip, llabed, a label; Gael. leab, a shred.) 1. A slip of silk, paper, parchment, or other material, containing a name, title, address, or the like, and affixed to anything, indicating its nature, contents, ownership, destination, or other particulars.-2. A narrow slip of parchment or paper, or a ribbon of silk, affixed to diplomas, deeds, or writings to hold the appended seal –3. Any paper annexed to a will by way of addition, as a codicil. —4. In her a fillet with pendants or points, a figure usually added to coat armour to mark a distinc- N. tion in the arms of the eldest son during the life of the father, in which case it has three points. A label of five points is the distinction of the heir whilst the grandfather is living; one of seven points, the difference for Label of three points. the heir in the lifetime of his great-grandfather; and so on. The label is also termed a Lambel, sometimes a File. 5. A long thin brass rule, with a small sight at one end and a centre-hole at the other,

commonly used with a tangent line on the edge of a circumferentor, to take altitudes, &c.—6. # A tassel. Fuller.—7. In Goth. arch. a projecting tablet or moulding over doors, windows, &c., called a hood-moulding, and a drip, dripstone, or weather-moulding when it is turned square. —8. A pendant like a broad ribbon hanging from the head-dress and helmet of a knight. Label (lā'bl), v. t. pret. & pp. labelled; ppr. labelling. To affix a label to. It shall be inventoried, and every particle and utensil label/ed. Sha&. Labeller (lā'bl-ćr), n. One who affixes labels to anything. Labellum (la-bel’lum), m. [L., a little lip.) A term applied in botany to one of the three pieces forming the corolla in orchideous plants. It is often spurred. Labent (lā‘bent), a. [L. labens, labent is, ppr. of labor, to slide. J Sliding; gliding. [Rare.] Flower of orch is "ta- Labia (lā' bi-a), m. pl. coat. L, Labelium. [From L. labium, a lip.) In anat. the lips. Applied also to the parts of the pudendum exterior to the nymphae. Labial (lā'bi-al), a. [Fr., from L. labium, a lip, . See LIP. 1. Pertaining to the lips. “A labial gland or vein.' Dunglison. 2. Formed by the lips; owing its special character to the lips; as, a labial articulation, a labial consonant, namely one such as b, p, and m. Labial (lā'bi-al), m. A letter or character representing a sound or articulation formed or uttered chiefly by the lips, as b, f, m, p, v, are called labials. Labially (lā'ini-al-li), adv. In alabial manner; by means of the lips. Labiatae (lā-bi-ā’té), m. pl. [See LABIATE.] The mint tribe, a very important and extensive natural order of exogenous plants, with a labiate corolla, and a four-lobed ovary, changing to four seed-like monospermous fruits. This order contains about 2000 species, mostly herbs, undershrubs, or shrubs, rarely arborescent, with opposite or whorled leaves, usually square stems, and a thyrsoid or whorled inflorescence. They are spread throughout the world, being most strongly represented in the Mediterranean and eastern regions, but abounding in all temperate latitudes. Many of the species are valued for their fragrance, as lavender and thyme; others for their stimulating qualities, as mint and peppermint; others as aromatics, as savory, basil, and marjoram; several are used as febrifuges, as the Ocannum febrifugum of Sierra Leone. Rosemary is used in the manufacture of Hungary-water, and its oil is that which gives the green colour to bear's-grease and such pomatums. Betony, ground-ivy, horehound, and others possess bitter tonic qualities. Numerous species are objects of great beauty, as various kinds of sage, Gardoquia, and Dracocephalum. Also called Lamiaceae.

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Labiate, Labiated (lā'bi-fit, lá'bi-āt-ed), a. [L. L. labiatus, from L. labi won, lip.) In bot. a term applied to an irregular gannopetalous corolla, the limb or expanded portion cleft so as to present an upper and lower lip, the upper consisting of two, the lower of three segments. Labiatiflorae (la-bi-a-tifloore), m. pl. [L. L. labiatus, lipped, from L. labium, a lip, and flos, floris, a flower.) In bot. a section of the nat. order Compositae. The flowers are mostly hermaphrodite, and the corolla is divided into two lips. Labile (lab'il), a. [L. L. labilis, apt to slip, from L. labor, to slide, to slip. Liable to err, fall, or apostatize. [Rare. 1 Lability (la-bil’i-ti), a. Liability to lapse or err. Coleridge. Labimeter, Labidometer (la-bim'et-êr, lab-i-dom’et-ér), n. (Gr. labis, labidos, a forceps, and metron, a measure.] In obstetrics, a scale adapted to the handles of the forceps, which indicates the distance of the blades from each other when applied to the head of the child in the womb. Labiodental (labi-Ö-den-tal), a. [L. lab inton, a lip, and dens, a tooth. In phonetics, formed or pronounced by the co-operation of the lips and teeth; as, f and v are labiodental letters. Labiodental (lā'bi-Ö-den-tal), n. A letter representing a sound pronounced by the co-operation of the lips and teeth. Labi-palpi (lā'bi-pal-pi), n, pl. [L. labium, a lip, and palpuan, a feeler.] In entown. the labial feelers in insects. Labium (lā'bi-um), n. (L., a lip.] A lip; especially, (a) in enton, the lower lip of insects, the upper being called the labrum. (b) In univalve molluscous shells the inner lip of the shell, the outer being called the labrum. Labor (là-bor'), n. A Mexican land measure, equal to 177 acres. Simmonds. Laborant t (lab'o-rant), m. A chemist. I can show you a sort of fixt sulphur made by an industrious laborizont. Aoyde. Laboratory (lab’o-ra-to-ri), n. [L. L. laboratorium, Fr. laboratoire, from L. labor, labour. See LABOUR.] 1. A building or workshop designed for investigation and experiment in chemistry, physics, pyrotechnics, or the like. --2. A place where work is performed or anything is elaborated or prepared for use; hence, the stomach is called the grand laboratory of the human body; the liver the laboratory of the bile. Laborious (la-bó'ri-us), a. [L. laboriosus: Fr. laborieu.c. See LABOUR } 1. Requiring labour, exertion, or perseverance; toilsome; tiresome; not easy; as, laborious duties or services. With what compulsion and laborious flight We sunk thus low. ..!/i/foot.

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2. Using exertion; employing labour; diligent in work or service; assiduous: used of persons; as, a laborious husbandman or mechanic ; a laborious minister or pastor. ‘Laborious for her people and her poor.” Tennyson. —SYN. Industrious, painstaking, active, diligent, assiduous, toilsome, difficult, arduous, wearisome, fatiguing, troublesome, tedious. Laboriously (la-bó'ri-us-li), adv. ... In a laborious manner;, with labour, toil, or difficulty. Laboriousness (la-bó'ri-us-nes), m. 1. The quality of being laborious or attended with toil; toilsomeness; difficulty.—2. Diligence; assiduity. Zaboriousness shuts the doors and stops all the avenues of the inind. South. Labour (lā'bër), n. [Fr. labeur, L. labor, labour.] 1. Exertion, physical or mental, or both undergone in the performance of some task or work; particularly, the exertion of the body in occupations by which subsistence is obtained, as in agriculture and manufactures, in contradistinction to the exertion of strength in play or amusements, which are denominated exercise rather than labour; any kind of exertion which is attended with fatigue; the performance of work; toil; as, after the labours of the day the farmer retires, and rest is sweet; moderate labour contributes to health ; the labour of compiling and writing a history. what is obtained by abour will of right be the

property of him by whose abour it is gained. Araranoer.

Labiate Corolla.

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2. Work done or to be done; that which requires wearisome exertion or strong effort; a work. Being a Woło or of so great difficulty, the exact performance thereof we may rather wish than look tor. Azorer. 3. Labourers or producers in the aggregate; as, the claims or rights of labour. 4. Tra vail; the pangs and efforts of childbirth. – 5. In Scrip. suffering; trial. Rev. xiv. 13.-Laborious labour, in obstetrics, labour which is accompanied with much suffering, and is unusually difficult.— Sy N. Work, toil, task, drudgely, exertion, effort. Labour (la'bér), v. i. 1. To exert muscular strength; to act or move with painful effort, particularly in servile occupations; to work; to toil. Six days shalt thou labour, and do all ox work. -x. xx ty. 2. To exert one's powers of body or mind. n the prosecution of any design; to endeavour, to strive; to take pains; as, he laboured to make himself intelligible. Labour not for the meat which perisheth. Jn vi. 27. or to thy power to make thy body go 6f thy soul's errands. jer. Taylor. 3. To be burdened; to be oppressed with difficulties; to proceed or act with difficulty. Come unto me, all ye that abour and are heavy laden, and I will give you rest. Mat. xi. 28. In this sense often with under (formerly sometimes of); as, to labour under a disease. Absolute inonarchy abours order the worst of all disadvantages. rotozunant. 4. To be in travail; to suffer the pangs of childbirth. --5. Naut, to move irregularly with little progress; to pitch and roll heavily, as a ship in a turbulent sea.— SYN. To work, toil, strive, struggle, plod, drudge, slave, suffer. Labour (labér), v. t. to cultivate. The most excellent lands are lying fallow, or only aboured by children. j,” socke. 2. To prosecute with effort; to urge; as, to labour a point or argument. -3. To form or fabricate with exertion; as, to labour arms for Troy; a laboured composition. -4. t. To beat; to belabour. Labour him with many a sturdy stroke.’ Dryden. Laboured (là'bérd), p. and a. Formed with labour; bearing the marks of constraint and hardness of style: opposed to easy, natural, or spontaneous. Labourer (la bêr-or), n. One who labours in a toilsome occupation; a man who does work that requires little skill or special training, as distinguished from an artisan. Labouring (labor-ing), p. and a. 1. Exert ing muscular strength or intellectual power; toiling; moving with pain or difficulty; cultivating. --2. A term applied to a person who performs work that requires no apprenticeship or professional skill, in distinction from an artisan. –3. Devoted or set apart for labour; as, a labouring day.—Labouring force, the force applied to a machine to set and keep it in motion. It differs from working or efficient force, which is the force actually exerted by the machine, or the force transmitted to the point of effect, inasmuch as part of it is expended in overcoming friction, &c. The labouring force is thus always greater than the working force. Labourless (lā'bër-les), a. Without labour; not laborious; easily done. Labour-pains (labér-pânz), m. pl. Pains of childbirth. Labour-saving (lā'bér-sāv-ing), a. Saving labour; adapted to supersede or diminish the labour of men; as, a labour-saving machine. Laboursome (lā‘bér-sum), a. 1. t Made with great labour and diligence. “Laboursome petition.' Shale. 2 Apt or inclined to pitch and roll, as a ship in a heavy sea. Labra (lā ‘bra), n. [An intentionally infoot form from L. labrunn, a lip.] A 1p. word of denial in thy forer here! Word of denial: froth and scum, thou liest: Sha&. Labradorite, Labrador Felspar (lab'rador-it, lab'ra-dor fel-spár), n. A mineral found on the coast of Labrador, and formerly called Labrador hornblende, though that is the designation of hypersthene. It is a lime-soda felspar, and has been found massive and disseminated only. Labradorite is distinguished by its splendent changeability of colour.

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given to two species of the genus Ledum (L. latifolium and L. palustre) which possess narcotic properties, and render beer heady. They grow in the north of Europe and America. Labrax (lāobraks), n. (Gr., a ravenous seafish.) A genus of acanthopterygian fishes belonging to the perch family, which includes the rock-fish or striped bass of the United States. Labridae, Labroidei (labori-dé, la-broi"dē-i), n, pl. The wrasse tribe, a family of acanthopterygious fishes, having the genus Labrus as the type. The ventral fins are under the pectorals, and the scales are cycloid. Labridan (labori-dan), n. A member of the family Labridae. Horinth-like (lab'rinth-lik), a. Labyrinthic. In labrinth-like turns and twinings intri

-Labrose (lā ‘bros), a. [L. lab, un, a lip.] Having thick lips. Labrum (labrum), n. [L., a lip.) 1. A lip or edge; especially, (a) in entom, the usually movable part which, terminating the face anteriorly, covers the mouth from above, and represents the upper lip. (b) In conch. the outer lip of a shell.–2. A basin or vase placed in the warm bath-room of the ancient baths. It contained hot water for the ablutions of those who used the vapour bath. Labrus (lā'brus), n. (L., a fish mentioned by Pliny, either from Gr. labros, greedy, or from L. labrum, a lip, on account of their well-developed double fleshy lips. A genus of spiny-finned fishes, the type of the family Labridae. The fishes of this genus are termed wrasses. Laburnum (la-bér’num), n. [L] A tree of the genus Cytisus, the C. Laburnum, nat. order Leguminosae, a native of the Alps, much cultivated by way of ornament. It is well known in gardens for the beauty of its pendulous racemes of yellow pea-shaped flowers. The seeds contain a poisonous substance called cytisine, and are violently emetic; the wood is much prized by cabinetmakers and turners, being wrought into a variety of articles which require strength and smoothness. The Scotch laburnum of gardens is a form with larger leaves and flowers, which is known as C. alpinus. Labyrinth (lab’i-rinth), n. (L. labyrinthtts; Gr, labyrinthos. 1. A structure having numerous intricate winding passages, which render it diflicult to find the way from the interior to the entrance. There were two remarkable ancient edifices of this kind, the Egyptian and the Cretan labyrinths.-2. Anything full of intricate turnings and windings; an ornamental maze or wilderness in gardens. The serpent . . . soon he found In labyrinth of many a round self-rolled. .*.*...torr. 3. Any intricate matter or business; a difficulty from which one cannot be extricated; a maze; a perplexity. The Earl of Essex had not proceeded with his accustomined wariness and skill; but run into owrinths, from whence he could not disentangle hinself. Carentfoot. 4. A series of cavities in the ear, viz. the vestibule, the cochlea, and the semicircular canals; that part of the internal ear which lies behind the tympanum. – 5. In metal. a series of troughs attached to a stamping mill, through which a current of water passes, for the purpose of washing away the suspended pulverized ore, and subsequently depositing it at different distances, depending upon its state of comminution.--Labyrinth fret, in arch, a fret with many turnings in the form of a labyrinth. Labyrinthal (lab' i-rinth-al), a. Labyrinthiam. Labyrinthian, Labyrinthean (lab-i-rinthi-an, lab-i-rinth'é-an), a. Winding; intricate; perplexed. Mark how the labyrinthian turns they take, The circles intricate, and mystic maze. }'etatio. A contracted, subtile, and intricate face, full of

quirks and turnings: a labyrint/team face. B. Gontron.

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Labyrinthodon (lab-i-rinth'6-don), n. (Gr. labyrinthos, a labyrinth, and odows, odontos, a tooth.) A genus of fossil amphibians, whose remains are found in the carboniferous, permian, and trias formations, those of the trias being found in England, India, and

Labyrinthodon Salamandroides.—Professor Owen.

Africa. They were allied to the crocodile and to the frog, and were 10 or 12 feet long. The name is derived from the labyrinthine structure of a section of the tooth, when seen under the microscope. The cheirotherium is supposed to have been the same animal. Labyrinthodont (lab-i-rinth'6-dont), n., A member of the order of Labyrinthodontia. Labyrinthodontia(lab-i-rinth'o-don'shi-a), n. pl. [See LABYRINTHoDoN.] An order of fossil Amphibia, of which Labyrinthodon is the type genus. See LABYRINTHODON. Lac (lak), n. [Per. lak, a red dye; Skr. láksha and rákshā, the lac insect, from ranj, to dye.] A resinous substance produced mainly upon the Ficus indica or banyan-tree, by the exudations from the body of the female of the Coccus sicus or Coccus lacca. It is composed of five different varieties of resin, with a small quantity of several other substances, particularly a red colouring matter. Stick-lac is the substance in its natural state, incrusting small twigs. When broken off and washed with water it almost entirely loses its red colour, and is called seed-lac, from its granular form. When melted and reduced to a thin crust, it is called shell-lac. Mixed with turpentine, colouring matters, and other substances, lac is used to make differently coloured sealing-wax. Dissolved in alcohol or other menstrua, by different methods of preparation, it constitutes various kinds of varnishes and lacquers.-Lac-dye and laclake are colouring matters used in dyeing cloth scarlet, obtained by different processes from stick-lac. In the state in which they are found in commerce they have the form of little cakes. They were formerly obtained only from the East, but a superior kind of lac-dye is now manufactured in England from stick-lac. The colouring matter of lacdye is analogous to cochineal. Lac, Lack (lak), n. [Hind. lakh, lukh; Skr. , a hundred thousand.] In the East Indies, a word used to denote 100,000; as, a lac of rupees. Laccic (lak'sik), a. [See LAC.) Pertaining to lac or produced from it. Laccine (lak'sin), n. A peculiar substance * thought to be obtainable from shell

Lac-dye (lakodi), n. See under LAc, a resinous substance. Lace (lās), n. IO.E. las; Fr. lacs, a lace, tie, snare; from L. laqueus, a noose, a snare. I 1. That which binds or fastens, especially by being interwoven; a string or cord used for fastening ts or some other of the dress, or plaited and otherwise ghly ornamented and used merely for decoration. —2 t A snare; a gin; a net. “To escape out of your lace." Chaucer. —3. A delicate kind of net-work, formed of silk, flax, or cotton thread, used for the ornamenting of female dresses, &c., and made either by hand on a pillow or by machine: machine-made lace is sometimes distinguished by the name of Bobbinet. Our English dames are much given to the wearing of costly faces. Bacon. 4. Spirits added to coffee or other beverage. If haply he the sect pursues, That read and comment upon news; He takes up their mysterious face, He drinks coffee without lace. armor. Lace (lās), p.t. pret & pp. laced; ppr. lacing. 1. To fasten with a string, through eyelet holes. “Jenny's stays are newly laced.” Prior.

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2. To adorn with lace; as, cloth laced with silver or silver-gilt lace. —3. To embellish with variegations or intersecting stripes or streaks. Look, love, what envious streaks Do lace the severing clouds in yonder east. Shak. 4. To beat; to lash: generally in the phrase to lace one's coat. I'll late your coat for you. I. Estrange. 5. To add spirits to coffee or other beverage; as, a cup of coffee laced with a drop of brandy, [Colloq.] Lace (lās), v.i. To be made so as to be fastened or tied by a lace; to have a lace; as, my boots lace in front. Lace-bark (lässbärk), n. A shrub in the West Indies, the Lagetta linteariq, mat. order Thymeleaceae, so called from the texture of its inner bark, which consists of numerous concentric layers of fibres which interlace in all directions, A boot which is

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slow-worm no trace of a limb is seen externally; the scapular arch is, however, invariably present. The eyes are generally furnished with movable eyelids; the teeth are not placed in distinct sockets; the skin is covered with horny plates or scales; the bodies of the vertebrae are concave, rarely biconcave. Lacertine, Lacertiloid (la-sér’tin, la-Sèr'til-oid), a. [L. lacertus.] Like a lizard. Lacertus (la-sér’tus), n. The girrock, a fish of the garfish kind; also, the lizard fish. (lässtrim-ing), n. An edging or border of lace; a woven string. Lace-winged (làs'wingd), a... Having wings like lace. Lace-winged flies, insects of the genus Hemerobius and order Neuroptera, so called from their delicate wings having many netted spaces like lace. The larvae are exceedingly voracious, and feed upon aphides. Lacewoman (làs'wu-man), n. pl. Lacewomen (wim’en). A woman who makes or sells lace. Lache, ta. [See the noun..] Sluggish; negligent. Chaucer. Lache, Laches (lash, lash'ez), n. [Norm. Fr. lachesse, remissness, Fr. loche, loose, remiss, cowardly; O. Fr. lasche, Pr. lasc, It lasco; from L. lazus, lax, slow, lazus becoming lascus by transposition of sounds.] In law, neglect; negligence; remissness; inexcusable delay; neglect to do a thing at the proper time. If his

rliament, overwhelmed with business

which could not be postponed without danger to his throne and to his person, had been forced to defer, year after year, the consideration of so large and coullex a question as that of the Irish forfeitures, it ill came him to take advantage of such a sacher with the cagerness of a shrewd attorney. Macaulay.

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been supposed the tears of a deceased person's friends were collected and preserved with the ashes and urn. It was a small glass or bottle like a phial. Called also Lachrymal or Lacrymal. ose (lak’rim-às), a. Generating or shedding tears; appearing as if shedding or given to shed tears; tearful. Lachrymosely (lak'rim-6s-li), adr. lachrymose manner; tearfully. Lacing (lässing), m. 1. The act of binding or fastening through eyelet-holes.—2. A cord used in drawing tightor fastening.—3. Naut, the rope or line used to confine the heads of sails to their yards or gaffs; also, a piece of compass or knee-timber fayed to the back of the figure and the knee of the head. Lacinia (la-sin'i-a), n. [L., a o: as of a garment.] 1. In bot. (a) one of the straps or tags forming the fringe on the outer portion of the limb of some petals. (b) The fringe itself. —2. In enton, the blade or apex of the maxilla of an insect. Laciniate, Laciniated (la-sin'i-āt, la-sin'iàt-ed), a. [L. lacinia, a lappet or border.] 1. Adorned with fringes. –2. In bot. jagged; noting leaves or petals which are divided by deep taper-pointed incisions. Laciniform (la-sin'i-form), a. s. Lacinia (which see), and form. ) In entom. fringeshaped: applied by Kirby to the tegular of insects when they are long, irregular, and resemble a little fringe on each side of the trunk, as in the Lithosia. Lacinula (la-sin'u-la.), n. [Dim. from L. lacinia, a lappet.] In bot. (a) a small lacinia. (b) The abruptly inflexed acumen or point of each of the petals of an umbelliferous flower. Lacistemaceae (lassis-tê-mâ'sé-É), [Gr. lakistos, torn, rent.] A small natural order of monochlamydeous exogenous shrubs, allied to the Euphorbiaceae. The flowers are in catkins, the fruit a three-valved capsule. Only one genus, Lacistema, and about sixteen species are known; they are natives of tropical America. Lack (lak), v.t. [O.E. lake, laik, blame, disgrace, defect, lake, to blame or censure, lak, want, lack; Sc. laik, failure, blame, &c., inlake, deficiency, decrease: D. laken, to blame, O.D. laecken, to fail, to decrease; Dan. lak, fault, want, lakke, to decline, to wear away; Icel, lakr, defective, lacking; by some connected with the verb to leak.] 1. To want; to be destitute of; not to have or possess; hence, to need; to require.

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2. A kind of particoloured caterpillar. See LACKEY-MOTH. Lackey (lak'i), v. t. to attend servilely. A thousand liveried angels lackey her, Mikon. Lackey (lak'i), v.i. To act as footboy; to run along-side of a coach, as footmen used to do those of their masters; to pay servile attendance. Oft have I servants seen on horses ride, The free and noble tackey by their side Sandys Lackey-moth (lakoi-moth), m. The Clisiocampa neustria, a moth not uncommon in this country; the larvae, which are striped, live in society under a web, and are sometimes very destructive. Lack-Latin (lak'la-tin), n. One ignorant of Latin; an uneducated ignoramus, Lack-linen (lak'lin-en), a. Wanting a shirt. Shak. [Rare.] What!you poor, base, rascally, cheating, lack-linen mate! Away, you mouldy rogue, away! Shak Lack-love (lakoluv), n. One who is indifferent to love. Pretty soul: she durst not lie Near this lack-love, this kill-courtesy. Lack-lustre (lak" lus-tér), a. lustre or brightness. lack-lustre eye.” Shak. Lack-lustre (lakolus-têr), n. A want of lustre, or that which wants brightness.

To wait on as a lackey;

share. Wanting

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in few words, after the manner of the Spartans, who were Laconians; as, a laconic phrase. King Agis, therefore, when a certain Athenian laughed at the Lacedaemonian short swords, . . . answered in his faronic way, And yet we can reach our enemies' hearts with them. Zanghorne. 3. Resembling the Laconians or Spartans in severity; hard; stern; severe. Laconic (la-kon'ik), n. 1. Conciseness of language; laconism. Shall we never again talk together in laconic? Addison, 2. A concise, pithy expression; something forewed in concise, pithy manner; a laconsin. Laconically (la-kon'ik-al-li), adv. Briefly; concisely; as, a sentiment laconically expressed. Laconics (la-kon'iks), n. A book of Pausanias, which treats of Laconia. Laconism, Laconicism (lak’on-izm, la-kon'i-sizm), m. [L. laconismus.) 1. A concise style. And I grow laconic even beyond laconicism, for sometimes I return only yes or no to questionary or petitionary epistles of half a yard long. Poe. 2. A brief sententious phrase or expression. ‘The laconism on the wall (Dan. iii. 25).’ Sir T. Browne. Laconize (lak’on-iz), v.i. To imitate the Lacedæmonians either in spareness of living or in short pithy speech. Lacquer, Lacker(lak’ér), n. [Fr. laque, lac. See LAC.] A varnish usually consisting of a solution of shell-lac (sometimes sandarach, mastic, &c.) in alcohol, coloured by arnotto, gamboge, saffron, and other colouring matters. Lacquers are used for varnishing brass and some other metals in order to give them a golden colour and preserve their lustre. Lacquer, Lacker (lak’ér), v. t. To varnish; to smear over with lacquer for the purpose of improving the colour or preserving from tarnishing and decay. | Lacquered, Lackered (lak'érd), p. and a. Covered with lacquer; varnished. | Lacquerer, Lackerer (lak'ér-ēr), n. One who varnishes with lacquer. Lacrimoso (lak-ri-mü'zö). Same as Lagriongso. La-crosse (la-kros"), n. A game at ball, originating with the Indians of Canada, played somewhat on the principle of football, except that the ball is carried on an implement called a crosse, the player in posses

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brief; pithy; sententious; expressing much

‘Looking on it with | Lacrymable, a. See LACHRYMABLE.


sion running with it towards the enemy's goal, and when on the point of being caught. passing it by tossing to one of his own side,

Crosse or Bat used in game of La-crosse.

or throwing it over his head as far in the direction of the goal as possible.

Lacrymal, a See LACHRYMAL.

Lacrymary, a. See LAchry MARY.

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of suckling.—2. In med, the function of .

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