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PHYLLOCYANIN

435

PHYSICIAN

[graphic]

They are for the most part natives of the They attain to a considerable size, Phyl- Physalite (fi'sa-līt), n. [Gr. physaö, to East Indies, Australia, and South America. lostoma spectrum having an expanse of swell or inflate, and lithos, a stone.) A minThe males have long antenna and wings, wing of 2, feet. The family comprises the eral of a greenish-white colour, a sub-species and can fly; the females have short antenna, vampires or blood-sucking bats. See VAM of prismatic topaz: called also Pyrophysaand are incapable of flight. The cut shows PIRE-BAT

lite, as it intumesces in heat. the female of P. siccifolium (two-thirds the Phyllotactic (fil-o-tak’tik), a. Pertaining Physconia (fis-ko'ni-a), n. [Gr. physkon, a natural size). to phyllotaxis.

big-bellied person.] In med. an enlargePhyllocyanin (fil--si'a-nin), n. [Gr. phyl- Phyllotaxis, Phyllotaxy (fillo-tak-sis, fil ment of the abdomen, unconnected with

lon, a leaf, and kyanos, blue.] The blue 0-tak-si), n. [Gr. phyllon, a leaf, and taxis, dropsy, such as a morbid state of the liver colouring principle of chlorophyll.

order.] In bot. the arrangement of the leaves or of the spleen. Phyllocyst (fil'lo-sist), n. (Gr. phyllon, a on the axis or stem.

Physeter (fi-sē'tėr), n. [Gr. physētēr, a pair leaf, and kystis, a cyst.) A name given to Phylloxanthin (fil-lok-san'thin), n. [Gr. of bellows.] 1. The spermaceti whale. See the cavities in the interior of the hydrophyllon, a leaf, and xanthos, yellow.] The CACHALOT. -2. A filtering machine or apphyllia of certain of the oceanic Hydrozoa. yellow colouring principle of chlorophyll. paratus worked by atmospheric pressure. Phyllode (fil-od'), n. Same as Phyllodium. Phylloxera (fil-ok-sēʻra), 1. [Gr. phylion, a Physianthropy (fiz-i-an'thro-pi), n. [Gr. Phyllodineous (fil-lo-din'ê-us), a. In bot. leaf, and Xēros, parched. ) A genus of insects physis, nature, and anthropos, man.] The having flattened leaf-like twigsor leaf-stalks which infests the leaves and roots of the philosophy of human life, or the doctrine of instead of true leaves.

oak, vine, &c., forming leaf-galls. There are the constitution and diseases of man, and Phyllodium (fil - lö'di

a good many species, but the one best the remedies. [Rare.] um), n. [Gr. phyllon, a

known is the P. vastatrix, introduced into Physic (fiz'ik), n. [Gr. physikos, pertaining leaf, and eidos, likeness.]

Europe from N. America, and causing much to nature, natural, from physis, nature, In bot. a leaf-stalk when

damage in some wine-producing countries. from phyő, to bring forth, to spring up or it becomes developed

Phyllula (fil'lū-la), 12. In bot. the scar left forth, to come into being; cog. with Skr. bhů into a flattened expanon a branch by the fall of a leaf.

(L. fu), to be, to exist; E. to be.] 1. The sion like a leaf, as in

Phylogenesis (fi-lő-jen'e-sis), n. [Gr. phylē, science or knowledge of medicine; the art some Australian acacias,

a class or tribe, and E. genesis.] The history of healing diseases; the medical art or proand in some species of

of the genealogical development of an organ fession; medicine. Oxalis, Bupleurum, &c.

ized being; the race history of an animal or Were it my business to understand physic, would Phyllogen (fil'lo-gen), n.

vegetable type, as distinguished from onto not the safer way be to consult nature herself in the (Gr. phylon, a leaf, and

genesis, the history of individual develop history of diseases and their cures. genein, to produce.] The

ment, and from biogenesis, or life-develop 2. A medicine or medicines; remedy for same as Phyllophore.

ment generally. See extract under ONTO disease. Phyllograpsus (fil-oGENESIS.

He 'scapes the best, who nature to repair grap'sus), n. [Gr. phylPhylogenetic (fi'lo-je-net'ik), a. Pertain

Draws physic from the fields in draughts of air. lon, a leaf, and graphó, I ing to phylogenesis or phylogeny, or the

Dryden. write.] Same as Grap- a, Phyllodium (Acacia

race history of an animal. The probable 3. In popular language, a medicine that topera (which see). heterophylla).

phylogenetic origin of the nervous system.' purges; a purge; a cathartic. Phylloid (fil'oid), a. (Gr. Nineteenth Century.

The people used physic to purge themselves of

humours. phyllon, a leaf, and eidos, form.] Leaf-like; Phylogenetically (fi'lo-je-net"ik-al-i), adv.

Abp. Abbot. shaped like a leaf.

See extract under ONTOGENETICALLY. -Physic garden, an old name for a botanic Phyllomania (fil-lo-mā'ni-a), n. [Gr. phyl- Phylogeny (fi-loj'e-ni), n. [Gr. phylē, a tribe, garden lon, a leaf, and anania, madness.] In bot. and gennaõ, to produce.] In biol. the origin Physic (fiz'ik), v. t. 1. To treat with physic; the production of leaves in unusual num and genealogy of races or types of animal to evacuate the bowels with a cathartic; to bers or in unusual places. forms.

purge.-2. To treat with remedies; to cure. Phyllophagan (fil-of'a-gan), n. [Gr. phyl We believe that more solid progress will be made The labour we delight in physics pain. Shak.

lon, a leaf, and phago, to eat.] One of a sec by carefully working out the application of natural tion (Phyllophaga) of lamellicorn coleopter

selection to restricted and well-known animal groups Physical (fiz'ik-al), a. 1. Pertaining to naous insects containing the chafers, and so

than by attempting the construction of more com ture; relating to what is material and per

Nature. called from these insects feeding on the prehensive and imposing phylogenies.

ceived by the senses; pertaining to the maleaves of trees. Phyma (fi'ma), n. [Gr. phyma, from phyo,

terial part or structure of an organized Phyllophagous (fil-of'a-gus), a. (See above.] to produce.) An imperfectly suppurating

being, as opposed to what is mental, moral, Leaf-eating tumour, forming an abscess; a tubercle on

or imaginary; in accordance with the laws Phyllophore (fillo-for), n. [Gr. phyllon, a any external part of the body.

of nature; material. leaf, and phoros, bearing, from phero, 'to Physa (fi'sa), n. [Gr. physa, a bladder.) A

If the government were subverted by physical

force, all the movable wealth would be exposed to bear.] In bot. the terminal bud or growing genus of fresh-water molluscs belonging to

imminent risk of spoliation and destruction. point in palms. the family Lymnæidæ, frequently found on

Macaulay. Phyllophorous (fll-of'o-rus), a. [Gr. phyl the under surface of the leaves of aquatic Labour, then, in the physical world is always and lon, a leaf, and phero, to bear.] Leaf-bear plants.

solely employed in putting objects in motion; the ing; producing leaves. Physalia (fi-sā'li-a), n. [Gr. physalis, a

properties of matter, the laws of nature do the rest.

F. S. Mill. Phyllopod (fil’lo-pod), n. One of the Phyl bubble or bladder.) A genus of Hydrozoa, 2. Pertaining to physics or natural philosolopoda. of the sub-class Si

phy; as, physical science; physical law, &c. Phyllopoda (fil-op'o-da), n. pl. [Gr. phyllon, phonophora and or

3. External; obvious to the senses; cogniza leaf, and pous, podos, a foot.) An order of der Physophorida,

able through a bodily or material organizabranchiopodous crustaceans, in which the remarkable for its

tion; as, the physical characters of a minbody is elongated, and the extremities of a size, the brilliancy of

eral: opposed to chemical.-4. Relating to flattened form, like that of a leaf, for the its hues, and the

the art of healing.–5. Having the property purpose of swimming, as in the Branchi severe burning pain

of evacuating the bowels; purgative. pus. They are chiefly interesting from their produced by its con

6. † Medicinal; promoting the cure of disaffinity to the extinct trilobites, and are by tact. The Pat

eases. some united with the Ostracoda. lantica or pelagica

Is Brutus sick? and is it physical Phylloptosis (fil-op'to-sis), n. [Gr. phyllon, is known by the

To walk unbraced, and suck up the humours a leaf, and ptosis, a falling. ] In bot. the fali name of the Portu

of the dark morning ?

Shak. of the leaf. guese man-of-war.

- Physical astronomy, physical education, Phyllosomata (fil-o-so'ma-ta), n. pl. [Gr. These hydrozoa are

physical geography, physical optics, physical phyllon, a leaf, and soma, a body.) A name characterized by the

point, physical science. See the nouns. given to what was formerly regarded as a presence of one or

Physicalist (fiz'ik-al-ist), n. One who maindistinct family of double-cuirassed crusta more large air-sacs,

tains that man's intellectual and moral naceans, belonging to the order Stomapoda, by which great buoy

ture depends on and results from his physicomposed of forms which are very remark ancy is given to

cal constitution; one who holds that human able for their rounded shape and the trans them, so that they

thought and action are determined by phyparency of their teguments. They, or at float on the surface

sical organization. least some of them, are now known to be

the tropical

Physically (fiz'ik-al-li), adv. 1. In a physilarval forms of macrurous decapods. See

Numerous Physalia atlantica (Portu cal manner; according to nature; accordGLASS-CRAB. tentacula depend guese man-of-war).

ing to physics or natural philosophy; not Phyllostoma (fil-os'to-ma), n. [Gr. phyllon, from the under side,

intellectually or morally. a leaf, and stoma, a mouth.) A genus of one class short and the other long. The

I am not now treating physically of light or colours. bats belonging to the family Phyllostomidæ. shorter are the nutritive individuals of the Phyllostome (fil'.

colony, the longer, which in a Physalia 5 or 2. + According to the art or rules of medi0-stom), n. (Gr.

6 inches long are capable of being extended cine. phyllon, a leaf, and

to 12 or 18 feet, possess a remarkable sting He that lives physically, must live miserably. stoma, a mouth.] ing power, and are probably used to stun

Cheyne. A leaf-nosed bat, their prey

Physicalness (fiz'ik-al-nes), n. The state of a member of the

Physalis (fi'sal-is), 1. [Gr. physalis, a blad being physical. Worcester. family Phyllosto

der-from the inflated calyx.] A genus of Physician (fi-zi'shan), n. (See PHYSIC.] 1. A midae (which see).

plants belonging to the nat. order Solanacea. person skilled in the art of healing; one Phyllostomida

They are annual or perennial herbs, with en whose profession is to prescribe remedies (nl-o-stom'i-dē), n.

tire (or rarely pinnatifid) leaves, small axil for diseases; one holding a license to practise pl. The spectre

lary flowers, and globose berries, which are physic from any competent authority, such bats, a family of in

included in an inflated calyx. The fruit of P. as the Royal College of Physicians of Lonsectivorous Cheir- Head of Vampire-bat (Phyl.

Alkekengi, or winter cherry, is diuretic, and don. The duty of the physician, in the naroptera, which Lostoma spectrum). is used by veterinary surgeons. It is often row sense, is to prescribe remedies, while have a simple and

grown in gardens for its ornamental fruit. the surgeon performs operations, but surfleshy leaflike appendage to the nose(whence The fruit of P. pubescens (the 'Cape goose gery may also be included in the profession the name), and a fore-finger of two joints. berry') forms a delicious preserve.

of physician.

PHYSICIANED

436

PHYTOLOGICAL

The patient dies while the physician sleeps; modified, as well as of the climates, life, Physostomata, Physostomi (fī--stom'aThe orphan pines while the oppressor feeds.

&c., of the globe; physical geography. See ta, fi-zos'to-mi), n. pl. (Gr. physa, a bladder, Shak. extract.

and stoma, a mouth.) Müller's synonym for 2. One that heals moral diseases; as, a physician of the soul. See PHYSIC.

It is very desirable that those who live on the earth the malacopterous fishes with the ventral

should know something of its nature, origin, and his fins abdominal or wanting, and the swimPhysicianedt (fi-zi'shand), a.

Educated or
tory, and also of its relation to the other bodies of

bladder when present provided with a duct. licensed as a physician. 'One Dr. Lucas, a the universe. This kind of research it has been pro: Physyt (fiz'i), n.

A fusee. Locke. physicianed apothecary.' H. Walpole. Physicism (fiz'i-sizm), n. The practice of stood to include physical geography, some depart: Phytelephas (fi-tel'e-fas), n. [From Gr.

ments of general physics, geology, chemistry, bio phyton, a plant, and elephas, ivory.) A genus ascribing everything to merely physical or

logy, and some investigations with regard to the na of plants inhabiting tropical America, the material causes, to the exclusion of spirit. ture and composition of the sun, the stars, the nebu

type of the small nat. order Phytelephasieæ. Physicist(fiz'i-sist), n. One skilled in physics; læ, and other celestial phenomena. Ansted.

P. macrocarpa (the ivory plant of South a natural philosopher.

Physiologer (fiz-i-ol'oj-er), n. A physiolo America) resembles the palms in its fronds, The physicist studies the effect of the various forms gist.

which equal those of the cocoa-nut in dimenof natural force, such as heat, light, and electricity, upon matter in its different states

of solid, liquid, and Physiologic, Physiological (fiz'i-o-loj"ik, sions, and also in the remarkable structure gas; he investigates the laws which determine the fiz'i-o-loj"ik-al), a. Pertaining to physiology; and weight of its fruit. See IVORY-NUT. motion and equilibrium of bodies, besides much more relating to the science that deals with the Phyteuma (11-tu'ma), n. [Gr., a plant, also which cannot here be enlarged upon. Madan.

structure and functions of animals and a particular kind of plant.) A genus of herPhysic-nut (fiz'ik-nut), n. See CURCAS. plants.

baceous plants, nat. order Campanulaceae, Physico-logic (fiz'ik-ó-loj"ik), n. Logic il. Physiologically (fiz'i-o-loj"ik-al-li), adv. abounding in a milky juice. They are per. lustrated by physics.

According to the principles of physiology. ennials, with stalked tufted leaves and yelPhysico-logical (fiz'ik-o-loj"ik-al), a. Per- Physiologist (fiz-i-ol'o-jist), n. One who is lowish-white or blue flowers in dense spikes taining to physico-logic. Swift. (Rare.) versed in or who treats of physiology.

or heads. The two British species, P. orbicuPhysico-mathematics (fiz'ik-o-math'é- Physiology (fiz-i-ol'o-ji), n. [Fr. physiolo lare and spicatum, are known by the name mat"'iks), n. Mixed mathematics. See under gie, Gr. physiologia - physis, nature, and of rampion. The roots and young shoots of MATHEMATICS.

logos, discourse.) That science which has the latter are an occasional article of food. Physico-philosophy (iz'i-kő-fi-los”o-fi), n. for its aim the study and elucidation of the Phytivoroust (fi-tiv'o-rus), a. [Gr. phyton, The philosophy of nature.

actions and processes incidental to and char a plant, and L. roro, to eat.] Feeding on Physico-theology (fiz'ik-o-the-ol"o-ji), 12. acteristic of the living state, whether in plants or herbage; herbivorous; as, phytivoTheology or divinity illustrated or enforced animals or plants. The subject thus com rous animals. by physics or natural philosophy. prises two grand divisions, namely, ani

Hairy animals with only two large foreteeth, are Physics (fiz'iks), 11. (Gr. physika, physical mal and vegetable physiology; when more all phytivorous, and called the hare kind. Ray. or natural things. See PHYSIC) In the specially applied to the investigation of the

Perwidest sense, that branch of science which functions in man the appellation human Phyto-chemical (fī-to-kem'ik-al), a.

taining or relating to phyto-chemistry. treats of the laws and properties of matter; physiology is applied to the science.

Phyto-chemistry (tī-to-kem'ist-ri), n. Vegethe science of nature; but the term is now Physiology is the science which treats of the func. table chemistry. universally used in a narrower sense, and as tions of the living organism, ascertains their co-ordi Phytochimy (fi-tok'i-mi), n. Phyto-chemequivalent to natural philosophy it means nations and their correlations in the general chain of

istry. that branch of science which treats of the causes and effects, and traces out their

dependence

upon the physical states of the organs by which Phytocrene (fi'tó-krēn), n. (Gr. phyton, a general properties of bodies as bodies, and

these functions are exercised.

Huxley. plant, and krēnē, a well.) A genus of plants. of the phenomena produced by the action of

See WATER-VINE. the various forces on matter in the mass. It

Physique (fé-zēk'), n. (Fr.) The physical is sometimes defined as the science of structure or organization of an individual.

Phytogenesis, Phytogeny (lī-to-jen'e-sis.

fi-toj'e-ni), n. The doctrine of the generaenergy, dealing with matter and its proPhysnomyt (fiz'no-mi), n. Physiognomy.

tion of plants. perties especially in so far as they are in Faith, sir, he has an English name, but his phis. Phytogeography (fi'to-jé-og"ra-fl), n. [Gr.

Shak. timately associated with the transforma nomy is more hotter in France than here.

phyton, a plant, and E. geography.) The tions of energy. Physics, therefore, includes Physocalymma (fi'zo-ka-lim"a), n. (Gr. geography or geographical distribution of dynamics, and the branches of science that physa, a bladder, and kalymma, a covering, plants. deal with light, heat, electricity, and mag from kalypto, to cover.) A genus of Bra- Phytoglyphic (fi-to-glif'ik), a. Relating to netism.

zilian trees consisting of one species, of the phytoglyphy. Physiognomer (fiz-i-og'no-měr), n. Same nat. order Lythraceæ. It yields the beauti- | Phytoglyphy (fi-togli-fi), n. (Gr. phyton, as Physiognomist. Peacham.

ful striped, rose-coloured wood called tulip a plant, and glypho, to engrave.) The art Physiognomic, Physiognomical (fiz'i-og wood by our carpenters, used for inlaying of printing from nature, by taking impresnom''ik, fiz'i-og-nom"ik-al), a. (See PHYSI costly pieces of furniture.

sions from plants on soft metal, from which OGNOMY.) Pertaining to physiognomy. Physolobium (fi-zo-lobi-um), n. [Gr. physa, copies can be taken. Called also NatureIn long observation of men he may acquire a phy. a bladder,

and lobos, a pod.) A genus of printing. siognomical intuitive knowledge; judge the interiours leguminous plants, natives of South-west Phytographical (fí-to-graf'ik-al), a. Perby the outside.

Sir T. Browne.

Australia, having a trailing or twining habit, taining to the description of plants. Physiognomics (fiz'i-og-nom"iks), n. Same scarlet flowers, usually two or three only on Phytography (fi-tog-ra-fi), n. [Gr. phyton, as Physiognomy, 1.

one peduncle, and a rigid pod. Called also a plant, and graphē, description.) A descripPhysiognomist (fiz-i-og'no-mist), n. One Bladder-pod.

tion of plants, or that branch of botany skilled in physiognomy: (a) one able to Physomycetes (fi'zo-mi-sē"tēz), n. pl. (Gr. which concerns itself with the rules to be judge of the particular temper or other physa, å bladder, and mykēs, mykētos, a observed in describing and naming plants. qualities of the mind by signs in the coun mushroom.) A small section of Fungi, char Henslow. tenance. (6) One who tells fortunes by scru acterized by the total absence of a hymenium, Phytoid (fi'toid), a. (Gr. phyton, a plant, tiny of the face. “A certain physiognomist and by the vesicular fruit inclosing an in and eidos, likeness. ) Plant-like; specifically, or teller of fortune by looking only upon the definite number or mass of sporidia, Called in zool. applied to animals or organs having face of men and women.' Holland. also Vesiculiferi.

a plant-like appearance. Physiognomize (fiz-i-og'no-miz), v.t. To Physophoridæ (fi-zo-for'i-dē), n. pl. [Gr. Phytolacca (fi-to-lak’ka), n. [ From Gr. observe the physiognomy of; to practise physa, a bladder, and phoreo, to carry.] That phyton, a plant, and lacca, a Latinized form

physiognomy upon. Southey. [Rare.) division of the oceanic Hydrozoa which of lac—in allusion to the crimson colour of Physiognomonic (fiz-i-og'no-mon'ik), a. comprises those Siphonophora in which the the fruit.) A genus of tropical or subtropiSame as Physiognomic.

hydrosoma consists of several polypites cal herbaceous plants, type of the nat. order Physiognomy (fiz-i-og'no-mi), n. (Properly united by a flexible, contractile, unbranched, Phytolaccacea, with erect or occasionally physiognomony, from Gr. physiognomonia or very slightly branched, cænosarc, the twining stems, a thickish turnip-shaped physis, nature, and gnomon, one who knows, proximal end of which is dilated into a con root, alternate undivided broad leaves, and from stem of gignoskā, ginösko, to know.] tractile float or air-sac. Its most remark leafless erect racemes of flowers, succeeded 1. The art of discerning the character of the able species is Physalia atlantica (the Por by deep purple fruit. P. decandra, a North mind from the features of the face, or the art tuguese man-of-war). See PHYSALIA. American species, is a branching herbaceous of discovering the predominant temper or Physospermum (fi-zo-spèr'mum), n. (From plant which is naturalized in some parts other characteristic qualities of the mind Gr. physa, a bladder, and sperma, a seed; of Europe and Asia. Its root acts as a by the form of the body. -2. The face or the teguments do not adhere to the seed in powerful emetic and cathartic, but its use countenance, with respect to the temper of a young state.) A genus of plants, nat. order is attended with narcotic effects. Its berthe mind; particular configuration, cast, or Umbellifera, containing two or three spe ries are said to possess the same quality: expression of countenance.

cies natives of Europe and West Asia. They they are employed as a remedy for chronic The end of portraits consists of expressing the true are erect herbs, with compound leaves, small and syphilitic rheumatism, and for allaying temper of those persons which it represents, and to white flowers, and bladdery fruit, whence make known their physiognomy.

syphiloid pains. The leaves are extremely Dryden. the name. P. cornubiense (Cornish lovage) acrid, but the young shoots, which lose this 3. The art of telling fortunes by inspection is a British plant, growing in bushy fields in quality by boiling in water, are eaten in the of the features.-4. In bot. the general ap Cornwall.

United States as asparagus. It is known as pearance of a plant without reference to Physostigma (fi-ző-stig'ma), n. (Gr. physa, pokeweed and pigeon-berry. botanical characters. Balfour.

a bladder, and stigma, a spot, a mark.] A Phytolite (fi'to-lit), n. [Gr. phyton, a plant, Physiognotype (fiz-i-og'no-tip), n. An in genus of leguminous plants, natives of Old and lithos, a stone.) An old name for a fosstrument for taking an exact imprint or Calabar, belonging to the sub-order Papilio

sil plant. cast of the countenance.

naceæ, and tribe Phaseoleæ, or kidney-bean Phytolithologist (fi'tö-li-thol"o-jist), n. One Physiogony (fiz-i-og'o-ni), n. [Gr. physis, tribe. P. venenosum, a half-shrubby twin who is skilled in or who writes upon fossil

nature, and gonē, generation.) The pro ing plant, yields the well-known Calabar plants. duction or generation of nature. Coleridge. bean or ordeal-nut. See CALABAR BEAN. Phytolithology (fi'to-li-thol"o-ji), n. [Gr. Physiographical (fiz'i-o-graf'ik-al), a. Per- Physostigmine (fi-zo-stigʻmin), n. An alka phyton, a plant, lithos, a stone, and logos, taining to physiography.

loid constituting the active principle of the discourse. ] That part of science which Physiography (fiz-i-ogʻra-fl), n. (Gr. physis, Calabar bean. It is highly poisonous, and treats of fossil plants. nature, and graphó, to describe.] The science when separated by the usual process pre- Phytological (fi-to-loj'ik-al), a. (See PHYwhich treats of the earth's physical features, sents the appearance of a brownish-yellow TOLOGY. T Relating to phytology or to plants; and the causes by which they have been amorphous mass.

botanical.

PHYTOLOGIST

437

PICCADIL

Phytologist (fi-tol'o-jist), n. (See PHYTOL touch could lessen or strengthen the inten ling; the Spanish piastre was worth about

OGY.] One versed in plants or skilled in sity of the sound produced, from the quills 48.; while the Turkish piastre means a coin phytology; a botanist. Evelyn.

always striking the strings with nearly a of scarcely oth the value of the foregoing, Phytology (fi-tol'o-ji), n. [Gr. phyton, a like force; whereas in the pianoforte grada namely, the equivalent of a little over 2d. plant, and logos, discourse.] The science of tions of tone can be produced, the strings sterling. One hundred piastres of Turkey plants, a name sometimes used as equiva. being put in vibration by means of small are worth, on an average of the exchanges, lent to botany.

hammers connected by levers with the key about 188. sterling. Phyton (fi'ton), 1. [Gr., a plant.] In bot. or finger board, which hammers quit the Piationt (pi-a'shon), n. [L. piatio, the act of

a rudimentary or embryo plant; a simple strings directly they are struck, a damper making expiation.] The act of making individual plant as represented by a leaf, falling down on the string the moment the atonement; expiation. the tree being regarded as a compound made finger is lifted from the key. Formerly the Piazza (pi-az'za), n. (It. piazza, open place, up of many phytons.

strings were all of thin wire; now the bass square,market-place. See PLACE.) A square Phytonomy (ri-ton'o-mi), n. [Gr. phyton, a strings are thick and covered with a thin open space surrounded by buildings or col

plant, and nomos, a law.] The science of coil of copper wire; and the thickness, length, onnades. The term is frequently, but imthe origin and growth of plants.

and tension of the strings all diminish from properly, used to signify an arcaded or colPhytopathologist (fi'to-pa-thol"o-jist), n. the lower to the upper notes. The grand onnaded walk. One skilled in phytopathology or diseases of pianoforte, which is somewhat triangular in We walk by the obelisk, and meditate in piazzas, plants.

shape, and has the wires running horizon that they that meet us nay talk of us. Jer. Taylor. Phytopathology (fi'to-pa-thol"o-ji), n. [Gr. tally and parallel to the keys, has three Pib-corn (pib'korn), n. [W., lit. pipe-horn.] phyton, a plant, pathos, disease, and logos, strings to each of the upper and middle treatise.] Scientific knowledge relating to notes, generally two to the lower notes, and

Among the Welsh, a wind - instrument or the diseases of plants; an account of the one to the lowest octave. In the square Pibroch (pē'broch), 9. [Gael. piobaireachd,

pipe with a horn at each end. diseases to which plants are liable.

piano the strings are still placed in a horiPhytophagous (fi-tof'a-gus), a. (Gr. phyton, zontal position, but obliquely to the keys;

pipe-music, from piobair, a piper, piob, a a plant, and phago, to eat.] Eating or sub while in the upright piano the strings run

pipe, bagpipe.) A wild irregular species of

music peculiar to the Highlands of Scotland. sisting on plants. vertically from top to bottom of the instru

It is performed on a bagpipe, and adapted to Phytosaurus (fī-to-sa'rus), n. [Gr. phyton, ment. From its great strength of tone the

excite or assuage passion, and particularly a plant, and sauros, a lizard.] Same as Hy grand piano is the instrument best adapted leosaurus. for the concert room; the square is rapidly

to rouse a martial spirit among troops going Phytotomist (fi-tot'o-mist), n.

to battle. The pibroch produces by imitaOne versed disappearing from the drawing-rooms of in phytotomy or vegetable anatomy. this country, its place being now taken by

tive sounds the different phases of a battle

-the march, the conflict, the flight, the Phytotomy (fi-tot'o-mi), n. (Gr. phyton, a the upright. The invention of the piano

pursuit, and the lament for the fallen. Byron plant, and tomē, a cutting, from temno, to forte is now usually ascribed to Bartolomeo

and others have erroneously applied this cut.] Vegetable anatomy.

Cristofali of Padua, and dates from about

term to the bagpipe itself. Phytozoa (lī-to-zo'a), n. pl. [Gr. phyton, a 1714, though claims have been made in

Pic (pik), n. A Turkish cloth measure, varyplant, and zoon, an animal.] 1. A name favour of Schröter, a German organist, and

ing from 18 to 28 inches. synonymous with Zoophytes, and sometimes Marius, a French harpsichord maker. The like it loosely applied to many plant-like compass of the instrument, originally from

Pica (pi'ka), n. [L. pica, a pie, a magpie.

The second meaning arises from the omnivanimals, such as sponges, corals, sea-ane four to five octaves, has now been extended

orous habits of the magpie.] 1. A genus of mones, sea-mats, &o.-2. A term sometimes to seven or even more.

birds of the family Corvidæ (crow family), given to cert in marine animalcules living Pianograph (pi-an'o-graf), n. A form of

including the common magpie (P. caudata). in the tissues of plants. music recorder. See MUSIC-RECORDER.

The species of this genus differ from the Phytozoarta (fi'tö-zo-ā"ri-a), n. [Gr. phyton, Piarist (pī'ar-ist), n. [L. pius, pious.) One

true crows in being of a smaller size and a plant, and zoon, an animal.) A term some of a religious order who, in addition to the times applied to those minute aquatic ani three usual monastic vows, took also a fourth,

brighter colours, but chiefly in their long

and graduated tail. See MAGPIE. — 2. In mals more commonly termed Infusoria and namely, to devote themselves to the gratui

med. a vitiated appetite which makes the Microzoa. tous instruction of youth. The order was

patient crave what is unfit for food, as chalk, Phytozoon (fi-to-zö'on), n. (See PHYTOZOA.] instituted at Rome by Joseph Casalanza in

ashes, coal, &c.- Pica marina, an old name One of the phytozoa; a zoophyte. the beginning of the seventeenth century.

for the oyster-catcher or sea-pie. Plaba (pi-a'ba), n. A small fresh-water fish Like the Jesuits, the Piarists are a secular Pica (piřka), n. [L. pic, picis, pitch. ! 1. A large of Brazil, about the size of the minnow, much order subject to rules. They soon spread esteemed for food. through several Catholic countries, particu

printing type of two different sizes, small

pica and large pica: probably named from Plaçaba (pi-as'a-bå), n. (Pg.] Same as Pi larly the Austrian dominions. Many gym.

litera picata (pitch-black letter), a great nasia and schools in Hungary and Poland

black letter at the beginning of some new Placlet (pi'a-kl), n. [L. piaculum. See PI are still under their direction, and in Bo

order in the liturgy.-2. Eccles. formerly an ACULAR.) A sin or crime. hemia, Silesia, and Austria they have some

ordinary, a table or directory for devotional But may I without piacie forget, in the very last respectable colleges.

services. — 3. An alphabetical catalogue of scene of one of his latest actions amongst us, what he Plassava (pi-as'a-vä), n. [Pg. piacaba.] The then did, Bp. King. name under which a fibrous produce of Picador (pik-a-dor), n. (Sp., from pica, a

names and things in rolls and records. Piacular (pi-ak’ū-ler), a.. [L. piacularis, the palm-tree Attalea funifera is imported

pike or lance.] In bull-fighting, one of the from piaculum, a sin-offering or expiation,

horsemen armed with a lance who coma sin or crime, from pio, to expiate, from

mence the combat in the arena by maddenpius, pious.) 1. Expiatory; having power

ing the bull by pricking with their weapons, to atone.-2. Requiring expiation; criminal;

but without the intention of disabling him. atrociously bad. To cleanse his little War

Picamar (pik'a-mär), n. [L. pix, picis, pitch, wickshire fold from its piacular pollutions.'

and amarus, bitter.] The bitter principle De Quincey. [Rare.)

of tar. Placularity (pi-ak'ü-lar'i-ti), n. The state

Picaninny (pik'a-nin-i), n. Same as Pickaor quality of being piacular; criminality;

ninny. badness. De Quincey.

Picard (pik'ärd), n. Eccles. one of a sect of Piaculous t (pi-ak'ü-lus), a. Same as Piacu

Vaudois who in the fifteenth century atlar. Sir T. Browne.

tempted to renew the practices of the Pla Mater (pi'a mā'ter), n. [L., lit. pious

Adamites, going stark naked and believing mother.) In anat. a vascular membrane,

in the community of women: so called from investing the whole surface of the brain,

Picard, a native of Flanders, the reviver of dipping into its convolutions, and forming a

the heresy. fold in its interior called velum interpositum.

Picaresque (pik-a-resk'), a. (Fr. See PICAPianett (pi'a-net), n. (L. picus,a woodpecker,

ROON.) Pertaining to or dealing with rogues pica, a magpie.) 1. A bird, the lesser wood

or picaroons : applied to literary producpecker.-2. The magpie.

tions that deal with the fortunes of rogues Pianette (pi-a-net'), n. (Fr. dim. of piano.]

or adventurers such as Gil Blas. Same as Pianino.

Picaroon (pik-a-rön'), n. [Sp. picaron, aug. Pianino (pi-ä-nē'no), n. [It. dim. of piano.)

of picaro, a rogue.] 1. A rogue or cheat; A small pianoforte.

one that lives by his wits; an adventurer.Pianissimo (pi-ä-nis'i-mo). (It. superl. of

2. A plunderer; especially, a plunderer of piano, soft. See PIANOFORTE] In music,

wrecks; a pirate; a corsair. very soft; a direction to execute a passage in the softest manner. Usually abbreviated

Piassava Palm (Attalen fuorifera).

In all wars, Corsica and Majorca have been nests of picaroons.

Sir W. Temple. pp or ppp.

I, Base of leaf-stalks enlarged. 2. Coquilla-nut. Some frigates should be always in the Downs to Pianist (pi-an'ist), n. A performer on the

chase picaroons from infesting the coast. pianoforte. from Brazil into this country. The fibres

Ld. Clarendon. Plano (pi-ä'no), a. (It., soft, smooth. See are derived from the dilated base of the Picayune (pik-a-yūn'), n. (Said to be of PIANOFORTE.) In music, soft; a direction leaf-stalks, and are extensively employed in

Carib origin.] 1. The name for the Spanish to a performer to execute a passage softly the manufacture of brooms and brushes for

half-real in Florida, Louisiana, &c. It is or with diminished volume of tone. Usually street-sweeping. The fruit of this tree,

equal to path of a dollar. -2. In New York, abbreviated p. which belongs to the cocoa-nut group, is

a colloquial or familiar term for a sixpence. Plano (pi-an'o), n. A pianoforte.

imported under the name of coquilla-nuts. There's a picayune for you to buy candy with Dodo. Pianoforte (pi-an'ő-for-tā), n. [It. piano Plaster, Plastre (pi-as'tër), n. (Fr. piastre,

Mrs. Beecher Stowe. (L. planus), soft, lit. plane, smooth, and It. and Sp. piastra, a thin plate of metal, a Piccadil, Piccadilly (pik'a-dil, pik-a-dil'li), forte (L. fortis), strong.) A musical metal dollar, from L.L. plastra. L. emplastrum, n. [O.Fr. picadille, piccadille, probably from stringed instrument of the keyed species. Gr. emplastron, a plaster, from emplasso, to the root of pike, peak.) A high collar or a The name was given to it to distinguish it plaster up or over.) A denomination of kind of ruff anciently worn, the precise chafrom its immediate predecessors, the harp money of various values. The old Italian racter of which is somewhat uncertain, sichord and the spinet, in which no force of piastre was equivalent to about 38. 7d. ster though it is supposed to be shown in the

assuoa.

[graphic]

2

PICCAGE

438

PICKLE

Fr.

accompanying cut. It appears to have re up under an oak in the wood.' Locke. (b) To machine for opening the tussocks of baleceived this name about the commencement obtain by repeated effort; as, to pick up cotton, reducing it to a more fleecy condiof the reign of James I. The street in Lon a livelihood. (c) To take particular things tion and separating it from dirt and refuse. don called Picca.

here and there; as, to pick up acquaintances (6) In ordnance, a priming wire for cleaning dilly is supposed to

by the way.-To pick a bone with one, to the vent. (c) In the manege, an instrument have taken its name

scold or quarrel with him.To pick a hole for dislodging a stone from the crease befrom this part of

in one's coat, to find fault with one. - To tween the frog and the sole of a horse's foot, dress.

pick a lock, to open it with some instru or between the heel of the shoe and the frog. Piccage (pik'āj), n.

ment other than the key. Shakspere has (d) In founding, a light steel rod with a very [Norm. pecker, to also, to pick a bolt.

sharp point, used for picking out small light break open; Were beauty under twenty locks kept fast.

patterns from the sand. (e) In weaving, the piquer, to pick.)

Yet love breaks through and picks them all at last. upper or striking portion of a picker-staff

Shak. Money paid at fairs

which comes against the end of a shuttle for breaking ground -To pick oakum, to make oakum by un

and impels it through the shed of the warp. for booths. twisting old ropes.-- To pick a quarrel, to

(1) A machine for picking fibrous materials Piccalilli (pik'a-lilquarrel intentionally, with a person. -- To

to pieces; as, a wool-picker. – 4. One who li), . An imitation

Picadil.
pick a thank,t to pick thanks,t to perform

steals. * These pickers and stealers.' Shak. Indian pickle of some servile or mean act for the purpose

Picker-bend (pik'ér-bend), n. A piece of bufvarious vegetables, with pungent spices. of gaining favour. “By slavish fawning or by

falo hide, lined, but not otherwise dressed, Piccolo (pik’ko-lo), n. [It. piccolo, small. ) picking thanks. Wither.

used by power-loom weavers, attached to 1. A small flute, the tones of which range an Pick (pik), v.i. 1. To eat slowly or by morsels;

the shuttle. octave higher than those of the ordinary or

to nibble. chestral flute. Called also an Octave Flute.

Why stand'st thou picking! Is thy palate sore,

Pickerel (pik'ér-el), n. (From pike.] A small That beet and radishes will make thee roar!

pike, a fish of the genus Esox: applied to 2. An organ stop of 2 feet length; the pipes

Dryden. several species of fresh-water fishes belongare of wood and have a brilliant piercing 2. To do anything nicely or by attending to ing to the pike family. tone. --3. A small upright piano, standing small things.---3. To steal; to pilfer.

Pickerel-weed (pik'ér-el-wēd), n. An Ameabout 3} feet high.

Pick (pik), n. [Fr. pic, a pickaxe, a pointed rican plant of the genus Pontederia, nat. Pice (pis), n. sing. and pl. Small East In instrument. See the verb. ] 1. A heavy order Pontederaceæ. dian coin, value about ld. each,

sharp-pointed iron tool, with a wooden Pickeridge (pik'ér-ij), n. A tumour on the Piceous (pi'shus), a. (L. piceus, from pix, handle, used for penetrating and loosening back of cattle; wornil. picis, pitch.] Of or belonging to pitch; black hard earth, stones, &c., in the operations of Pickeroont (pik-er-on'), n. Same as Picaroon. as pitch.

mining, digging, excavating, ditching, &c. Picker-staff (pik'er-staf), n. In weaving, the Pichurim-bean (pich'ū-rim-bēn), n. Same 2. Among masons, a sharp hammer used bar which oscillates on an axis at its lower as Pitchurim-bean.

in dressing stones. - 3. A tooth-pick. “He end and by a sudden jerk imparts motion to Picidæ (pi'si-de), 11. pl. [From L. picus, a wood eats with picks.' Beau. & Fl. (Nares and the shuttle. pecker, one of the genera.) The wood others suggest that forks are meant here.) Pickery+ (pik'ér-i), n. The stealing of trifles. peckers and wry-necks, a family of scanso 4. A pike or spike; the sharp point fixed in Both theft and pickerie were quite suppressed. rial or climbing birds, characterized by their the centre of a buckler.

Holinished. long, straight, angular beak, the end of

Take down my buckler,

Picket, Piquet (pik'et), n. [Fr. piquet, a dim. which is compressed into a wedge adapted And sweep the cobwebs off, and grind the pick on't. of pique, a pike. See Pick.] 1. A stake sharpto perforate the bark of trees. The tail

Beau, & FL. ened or pointed, used in fortification and enfeathers terminate in points, and are un5. In painting, that which is picked in, either

campments, to mark the bounds and angles. usually hard and stiff, assisting the birds to

by a point or by a pointed pencil.-6. Choice; 2. A narrow board pointed, used in making keep steady when searching for insects. right of selection.

fences; a pale.—3. Milit. (a) a guard posted They feed chiefly upon insects, and the France and Russia have the pick of our stables. in front of an army to give notice of the tongue is extensible, barbed at the point,

Lord Lytton. approach of the enemy, called an outlying and covered with a viscid secretion, which 7. In printing, foul matter which collects on

picket. () A detachment of troops in a camp enables them to catch their prey by sudprinting types from the rollers, bad ink, or

kept fully equipped and ready for immediate denly darting it out.

from the paper impressed; also, little drops service in case of an alarm or the approach Pick (pik), v.č. [From A. Sax. pycan, to pick, of metal on stereo plates.

of an enemy, called an inlying picket. (e) A to pull, pic, a sharp point; probably in part Pick (pik), n. Pitch (the tarry substance). small detachment of men sent out from a also from Fr. piquer, to pierce, from pic Pick + (pik), v.t. A form of Pitch, to throw.

camp or garrison to bring in such of the something sharp. Pike, peak, peck, and beak

soldiers as have exceeded their leave.-4. A are closely allied forms, being all from the As high as I could pick my lance.' Shak.

body of men belonging to a trade's union Celtic; W. pig, a point, a pike; Gael. pioc, Pickaback (pik'a-bak), a. (From the older

sent to watch and annoy the men working piocaid, a pick a pickaxe; same root also form pick pack, pickapack, which is a redu

in a shop not belonging to the union.-5. A in spike.] 1. To strike at with anything plication of pack. ] On the back or shoulders

game at cards.

See PIQUET.-6. A punishpointed ; to act upon with any pointed inlike a pack. (Colloq. ]

ment which consists in making the offender strument; to peck at, as a bird with its bill; Pickaninny (pik'a-nin-i), n. [Sp. pequeno

stand with one foot on a pointed stake. to pierce.

niño, little infant.) A negro or mulatto infant. Picket (pik'et), v.t. 1. To fortify with pickets

(Southern United States. ] Pick an apple with a pin full of holes, not deep, and

or pointed stakes.-2. To inclose or fence smear it with spirits, to see if the virtual heat of the

Pickapack (pik'a-pak), adv. In manner of a with narrow pointed boards or pales.-3. To strong waters will not mature it. Bacon. pack. (Colloq.]

fasten to a picket or stake.-4. To torture by

In a hurry she whips up her darling under her arms, 2. To clean by removing by the teeth, fin

compelling to stand with one foot on a pointed and carries the other a picka pack upon her shoulders. gers, claws, or a small instrument, some

Sir R. L'Estrange

stake.-5. To place or post as a guard of obthing that adheres; to remove objectionable Pickaxe (pik'aks), n. (Apparently from pick

servation. See PICKET, n. 4.

Same as Picotee. matter from; as, to pick a bone; to pick the and axe, but the term is really a corruption Picketee (pik-e-te'), 1. teeth. *Pick his teeth and sing.' Shak.- of the old pikois, 0. Fr. picquois, a pickaxe. )

Picket-fence (pik'et-fens), n. A fence made 3. To separate from other things; to select A pick with a sharp point at one end and a

of pickets or pales. from a number or quantity; to choose; as, to broad blade at the other; also, simply a pick,

Picket-guard (pik'et-gärd), n. Milit. a guard pick the best men from a company. 'One which seems to have been the original mean

of horse and foot always in readiness in case

of alarm. man picked out of ten thousand.' Shak. ing of the word. The pointed end is used for loosening hard earth and the other for

Picking (pik'ing), n. 1. The act expressed Deep through the miry lane she picked her way.

Gay.
cutting roots of trees.

by the verb to pick.-2. Perquisites not over 4. To pluck; to gather, as fruit or things I'll hide my master from the flies, as deep

honestly obtained, in the way of picking and

Shak.

As these poor pickaxes can dig. growing; as, to pick strawberries. “May pick

stealing. a thousand sallads.' Shak. ---5. To gather up Pickback (pik bak), adv. Pickaback; on the

Heir or no heir, Lawyer Jermyn had his picking out of the estate.

George Eliot here and there; to collect; to get hold or

back Butler. possession of; to acquire: often with up; Picked, Piked (pikt, pīkt), a. 1. Pointed;

3. That which is left to be picked or gleaned. sharp. as, to pick up information. 'Pick up some

4. pl. The pulverized shells of oysters used in pretty estate.

making walks.-5. A hard-burned brick. Shak.-6. To snatch thiev. Let the stake be made picked at the top. Mortimer. ishly; to steal the contents of; as, to pick 2. Smart; spruce.

Pickle (pikl), n. [D. and L. G. pekel, G. pökel,

bökel, brine.] 1. A solution of salt and water a pocket.

He is too picked, too spruce, too affected, too odd,

in which flesh, fish, or other substance is prePistol, did you pick Master Slender's purse? Shak. as it were, too peregrinate, as I may call it. Shak.

served; brine; as, pickle for beef; pickle for -To pick in, in painting, to correct any

Pickedness (pik'ed-nes), n. 1. State of being herring. unevenness in a picture by using a small

pointed at the end. ----2. Foppery; spruceness. Thou shalt be whipt with wire, and stew'd in brine, Too much pickedness is not manly. B. Jonson.

Smarting in lingering pickle.

Shak. pencil. To pick off, (a) to separate by the fingers or a small instrument; to separate Pickeert (pik-er'),v.t. [Fr. picorer, to maraud, 2. Vinegar, sometimes impregnated with by a sharp sudden movement; as, to pick originally to steal cattle, from L. pecus, pec

spices, in which vegetables, fish, oysters, of a leaf. (6) To aim at and kill or wound; oris, cattle. ] 1. To pillage; to pirate.--2. To &c., are preserved.-3. A

hing preserved as, the riflemen were picking off the enemy. skirmish, as soldiers in advance of an army

in pickle. --To pick out, (a) to draw from an inte or in pillaging parties.

A third sort of antiscorbuticks are called astringent, rior by anything pointed; as, to pick out So within shot she doth pickeer:

as capers, and most of the common pickles prepared

Arbuthnot.

with vinegar. one's eyes. Prov. xxx. 17. () To select from

Lovelace.

Now galls the flank, and now the rear. a number or quantity; as, I could pick him Pickeerert (pik-ēr'er), n. One who pickeers;

4. In founding, a bath of dilute sulphuric out from among a hundred. (c) To mark out a pillager; a pirate.

acid, or, for brass, of dilute nitric acid, to or variegate, as a dark back-ground, with Picker (pik'er), n. 1. One who picks, culls,

remove the sand and impurities from the figures or lines of a bright colour. Dark collects, or gathers; as, a rag-picker; a hop

surface. E. H. Knight.-5. A state or conhouses, with window-panes of stone, or picker. -2. In printing, one who dresses or

dition of difficulty or disorder; a disagreepicked out of a lighter red.' Thackeray. trims stereotype plates.--3. The name ap

able position; a plight. [Colloq.)

Skai. To pick up, (a) to take up with the fingers, plied to tools or apparatus of many various

How cam'st thou in this pickle! or otherwise to snatch; as, the early bird shapes used in different manufacturing pro 6. A troublesome child. (Colloq.}-To have picks up the worm. * The acorns he picked cesses, &c.; as, (a) in cotton manufacture, a a rod in pickle for any one, is to have a

PICKLE

439

PICUS

beating, flogging, or scolding in reserve for is white or yellow, the colour on the mar Picture (pik'tūr), n. [L. pictura, from pingo, him. (Colloq.]

gin some shade of red or purple. The petals pictum, to paint, It. pittura.) 1. A paintPickle (pik'l), v.t. pret. & pp. pickled; ppr. are slightly serrated or fringed at the edge. ing exhibiting the resemblance of anything; pickling. 1. To preserve in brine or pickle;

a likeness drawn in colours; a drawing. to treat with pickle; as, to pickle herring.

Pictures and shapes are but secondary objects. 2. To imbue highly with anything bad; as, a

Bacon. pickled rogue. Johnson.-3. To prepare as

That only should be considered a picture in which an imitation and sell as genuine; to give an

the spirit, not the materials, observe, but the animat.

ing emotion of many such studies is concentrated, antique appearance to: said of copies or

and exhibited by the aid of long studied, painfully imitations of paintings by the old masters.

chosen fornis, idealized in the right sense of the Art Journal.-4. To subject, as various hard

word.

Ruskin. ware articles, to the action of certain chem

2. The work of a painter; painting. ical agents in the process of manufacture.

Quintilian, when he saw any well-expressed image See the noun.

of grief, either in picture or sculpture, would usually Pickle + (pik'l), v.t. To pick.

weep.

Wotton. The wren...

3. Any resemblance or representation, either Sodainly coms, and hopping him before,

to the eye or to the mind; a likeness; an Into his mouth he skips, his teeth he pickles,

image. My eyes make pictures when they Clenseth his palate, and his throat so tickles. Sylvester.

are shut.' Coleridge. Pickle (pik'l), n. [Dim. of pick, lit. as much

But still she heard him, still his picture form'd as a bird might pick at a time.] A grain of

And grew between her and the pictured wall.

Tennyson. corn; any minute particle; a small quan

4. A representation or description in words; thing; a few. (Scotch.) She gies the herd a pickle nuts,

Picotees (three varieties).

as, the poet has drawn an exquisite picture And twa red-cheekit apples. Burns.

of grief.-5. † The art of drawing or painting. Picklet (pikl), n. Same as Picle. Picquet (pik'et), n.

Picture is the invention of heaven, the most an. See PIQUET.

cient, and most akin to nature. Pickled (pik'ld), p. and a. Picra (pi'kra), n. (L., from Gr. pikros,

B. Monson Preserved in brine or pickle. Pickled salmon.' Dickens. sharp, bitter.) The popular name of the pow. Picture (pik'tūr), v.t. pret. & pp. pictured; Pickle-herring (pik'l- he'ring), n. 1. A

der of aloes with canella, which is composed ppr. picturing. 1. To draw or paint a repickled herring. — 2.1 A merry-andrew; a

of four parts of aloes to one part of canella. semblance of; to draw a likeness or reprezany ; & buffoon. • The pickle - herring It is employed as a cathartic.

sentation of; to represent pictorially. “I found the way to shake him.' Addison.

Picræna (pi-krē'na), n. A genus of Simaru have not seen him so pictured.' Shak. bacex. See QUASSIA.

Love is like a painter who, in drawing the picture There is a set of merry drolls, whom the common people of all countries admire, those circumforaneous Picric (pik'rik), a. Same as Carbazotic.

of a friend having a blemish in one eye, would pic.

South.

ture only the other side of the face. wits whom

every nation calls by the name of that dish of Picrin, Picrine (pik' rin), n. (Gr. pikros, meat which it loves best. In Holland they are termed bitter.) A bitter substance obtained from 2. To bring before the mind's eye; to form pickled-herrings; in France Jean Potages; in Italy

Digitalis purpurea, and said to be identical or present an ideal likeness of; as, picture macaronies; and in Great Britain jack-puddings.

with digitalin. Its constitution is doubt to yourself the scene. Addison.

Do picture it in Picklock (pik lok), n. 1. An instrument ful.

my mind.' Spenser. – 3. To describe in a for picking or opening locks without the Picris (pik'ris), n. (Gr. pikris, a bitter herb,

vivid or florid manner. succory, from Gr. pikros, bitter.) A genus

Picture-book (pik'tür-bụk), n. key.

A book for Confession is made a minister of state, a picklock of plants. See OXTONGUE.

children, illustrated with pictures. of secrets, a spy upon families. Fer. Taylor, Picromel (pik'ro-mel), n. [Gr. pikros, bitter, Picture-cleaner (pik'tūr-klēn-er), n. One 2. A person who picks locks.-3. A superior and meli, honey.) A peculiar substance, of

who restores the brightness of colour in old description of selected wool.

a greenish-yellow colour and of a sweetish paintings; a picture-restorer. Pick-maw (pik'ma), n. The black-headed bitter taste, which exists in bile.

Picture-frame (pik'tūr-frām), n. A case or gull (Larus ridibundus). (Scotch.)

Picrophyll, Picrophyllite (pik'rő-fil, pik border, more or less ornamented, which Pick-mirk (pikʼmérk), a. [Pick, a form of ro-fillit), n. (Gr. pikros, bitter, and phyl surrounds a picture and sets it off to advan

tage. pitch, and mirk = murky.) Dark as pitch.

lon, a leaf.) A massive, foliated, fibrous, (Scotch.)

greenish-gray mineral from Sala in Sweden. Picture-gallery (pik'tür-gal-le-ri), n. A Picknick (pik'nik), n. See PICNIC. It is an altered augite, consisting chiefly of

gallery or large apartment in which pictures Pick-pennyt (pik'pen-ni), n. A miser; a the hydrous silicate of magnesia and iron,

are hung up or exhibited. skinffint; a sharper. Dr. H. More. and resembles serpentine.

Picturelike (pik'tür-lik), a. After the man

ner of a picture; like a picture. Pickpocket (pik’pok-et), n. One who steals, Picrosmine (pik'roz-min), n. (Gr. pikros, or makes a practice of stealing, from the

bitter, and osmē, smell.] A mineral which It was no better than picturelike to hang by the occurs crystallized, and also massive, having

wall, if renown made it not stir.

Shak. pocket of another. *Pickpockets, each hand lusting for all that is not its own.' Tennyson.

a bitter,argillaceous odour when moistened. Picturert (pik'tūr-ér), n. A painter. 'Zeuxis, Pickpurse (pik'pers), n. One that steals

It is found in the iron mine of Englesburg the curious picturer.' Fuller. the purse or from the purse of another. near Presnitz in Bohemia, and consists Picture-restorer (pik'tür-re-stor-ér), n. I think he is not a pickpurse nor a horseprincipally of silica and magnesia.

Same as Picture-cleaner. stealer.' Shak.

Picrotoxin, Picrotoxine (pik-rõ-toks'in), n. Picture-rod (pik'tür-rod), n. A kind of Picksy (pik'si), n. A fairy; a pixy.

(Gr. pikros, bitter, and L. toxicum, poison.) brass tubing for affixing to the tops of walls Pickthank (pik'thangk), n. An officious (

C1403.) The bitter poisonous principle in a room to suspend pictures from. fellow who does what he is not asked to do which exists in the seeds of Coccilus indi- Picturesque (pik-tür-esk'), a. [Fr. pittorfor the sake of gaining favour; a parasite;

cus, from which it is extracted by the ac esque, It. pittoresco, from pittura, a picture. a flatterer; a toady. Also used adjectively.

tion of water and alcohol. It crystallizes See PICTURE.] 1. Forming or fitted to form Which of the car of greatness needs must bear,

in small white needles or columns, and dis a pleasing picture; expressing that peculiar By smiling pickthanks and base newsmongers. Shak.

solves in water and alcohol. It acts as an kind of beauty which is agreeable in a picPicktooth (pik'töth), n. An instrument for intoxicating poison.

ture, natural or artificial. picking or cleaning the teeth; a toothpick.

Pict (pikt), n. [From Picti, the name given You cannot pass along a street but you have views A neat case of picktooths.' B. Jonson.

them by Latin writers, but whether this was of some palace, or church, or square, or fountain the Pick-wick (pik'wik), n. A pointed instrua latinized form of the native name or sim

most picturesque and noble one can imagine. Gray. ment for picking up the wick of a lamp. ply means 'painted people' is uncertain.]

Picturesque is a word applied to every object, and

every kind of scenery, which has been or might be Pickwickdan (pik-wik'i-an), a. Relating to One of a race of people of disputed origin,

represented with good effect in painting-just as the or resembling Mr. Pickwick, the hero of

who anciently inhabited the north-east of word beautiful, when we speak of visible nature, is Dickens's Pickwick Papers. Pickwickian

Scotland --- some authorities maintaining applied to every object and every kind of scenery sense, a merely technical, parliamentary, them to have been a Teutonic race, others

that in any way give pleasure to the eye.

Sir Uvedale Price. a branch of the Cwmric Celts. or constructive sense, a phrase derived from a well-known scene in Dickens's novel.

2. Abounding with vivid and striking ima. Pictt (pikt), n. One who paints his body or

gery; graphic; as, picturesque language. Piclet (pikʼl), n. [Perhaps a form of pingle.] part of it. Steele.

Dr. Blair. - The picturesque, what is pic.

The great tern or A small piece of land inclosed with a hedge; Pictarnie (pik-tar'ni). n.

turesque; the aggregate of features or quaan inclosure; a close. Written also Pickie, sea-swallow (Sterna hirundo). [Scotch.)

lities that render a scene suitable for making Pightel, and Pingle. Pictish (pikt'ish), a. Pertaining to or re

into a good picture; as, to be fond of the Picnic (pik' nik), n. [Origin unknown. )

sembling the Picts.

picturesque. Formerly, an entertainment, in which Pictor (pik'tor), n. (L., a painter.] In astron.

Picturesquely (pik-tūr-esk’li), adv. In a each person contributed his share to the a southern constellation,

picturesque manner. general table; now, an entertainment or Pictorial (pik-to'ri-al), a. [L pictor, a

Picturesqueness (pik-tūr-esk'nes), n. The pleasure-party the members of which carry painter.) Of or pertaining to pictures;

state of being picturesque; that quality in provisions along with them on an excursion forming pictures; illustrated by pictures; of

objects which fits them for making a good to some place in the country. Used also

the nature of a picture, or having qualities
suitable for being depicted; as, a pictorial Picturize (pik'tūr-īz), v.t.

picture. adjectively; as, a picnic party; picnic bis

To adorn or recuits, a kind of small sweet biscuits. representation; a pictorial history.

present by pictures; to form into a picture. Picnic (pik'nik), v.i. To attend a picnic Titian's larger sacred subjects are merely themes Eclec. Rev. (Rare.]

Ruskin. party; to eat a picnic; as, we picnicked in

for the exhibition of pictorial rhetoric.

Picul (pi-kul'), n. In China, a weight of 133 the woods.

Pictorially (pik-to'ri-al-li), adv. In a pic lbs. It is divided into 100 catties or 1600 Pico (pē’ko), n. (Sp. See PEAK.) A peak; torial manner; with pictures or engravings. taels. The Chinese call it also tan. the pointed top of a mountain.

Pictoric, Pictorical (pik-tor'ik, pik-tor'ik Picus (pikus), n. (L., a woodpecker.) The Picotee (pik-ő-te'), n. (Fr. picotie, from Picot al), a. Same as Pictorial. (Rare.)

woodpecker, an extensive and well-defined de la Pérouse, a French botanist.) A variety Picturable (pik’tūr-a-bl), a. Capable of genus of birds, distributed over most parts of carnation or clove-pink (Dianthus Caryo being pictured or painted. Coleridge. of the globe, belonging to the family Pi. phyllus), characterized by having the dark | Pictural (pik'tūr-al), a. Relating to or re cidæ and the order Scansores or Climbers. colour only on the edge of the petals, broad presented by pictures. For. Quart. Rev. They are characterized by their long, or narrow, as the case may be, but ramify- | Picturalt (pik’tūr-al), n. A representation; straight, angular beak, the end of which is ing towards the centre. The ground colour a picture. Spenser.

compressed into a wedge, and fitted for

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