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LETTISH

40

LEVEL

Lettish, Lettic (let'ish, let'ik), a. Of or per cal state known by paleness, flabbiness, or | muscles, such as raise the lips, eyelids, eye, taining to the Letts, or natives or inhabi redundancy of serum in the blood.

soft palate, shoulder-blade, &c.--2. A surtants of Livonia.

Leucophlegmatic (lū'ko-fleg-mat'ik), a. gical instrument used to raise a depressed Lettish, Lettic (let'ish, let'ik), n. The lan Pertaining to leucophlegmacy; having a part of the skull. guage spoken by the people of Livonia, ori. dropsical habit of body with an unnaturally Levet (lēv), v.t. To believe. ginally a Slavonian branch of the Aryan pale complexion.

Levet (lev), v.i. To live. family of tongues.

Leucopterian (lūkop-tē'ri-an), 12. In eccles. Levet a. (See LIEF.] Dear; beloved. Lettre-de-cachet (let-r-de-ka-shā). See hist, one of a sect of the Greek Church Levecel,t Levesell, t 16. (Written also LefeCACHET .

charged with the errors of the Origenists, sal, Lefsale, &c., from A. Sax. leaf, a leaf, Lettuce (let'is), n. [A. Sax. lactuce, G. lat and with corrupting the text of the Gospel. and sal, sel, a hall, a room; comp. Dan lövsal, tich, D. latuw, Fr. laitue, from L. lactuca, Leucopyrite (lū-kop'i-rit), n. (Gr. leukos, Sw, löfsal, a hut of green branches. ) 1. A a lettuce, from lac, lactis, milk. ] The Eng white, and E. pyrites.) A mineral of a colour lattice. – 2. A pent-house or projecting lish popular name of several species of Lac between white and steel-gray, of a metallic roof over a door, window, &c.-3. An open tuca, some of which are used as salads. See lustre, consisting chiefly of arsenic and shed. LACTUCA. iron.

He looketh up and doun til he hath found Leucadendron (lū-ka-den'dron), n. (Gr. Leucorrhoea (lū-ko-rē'a), n. (Gr. leukos, The clerke's hors, there as he stood y bound leukos, white, and dendron, a tree--in allu and theo, to flow.) In med, a morbid dis Behind the mille under a latesell. Chascer. sion to the white leaves.] A genus contain charge of a white, yellowish, or greenish Levee (lev'ē), n. [Fr. lerée, a gathering or ing between forty and fifty species of trees mucus from the female genital organs; fluor

levying, a levy, the breaking up of a meetand shrubs, with handsome silky silvery albus; the whites. entire, mostly sessile leaves, and heads of Leucosiadæ (lū-ko-si'a-de), n. pl. A family

ing, an embankment, from lerer, to raise',

L. levo. The French word does not appear yellowish diccious flowers, nat. order Pro of short-tailed decapodous crustaceans, teacere, natives of the Cape of Good Hope. containing many pretty, round, porcellane,

ever to have had the meaning which levee L. argenteum is the silver-tree, the silvery exotic crabs.

commonly has in English, lever being the leaves of which are much used in Christmas | Leucostine (lū-kos'tin), 12. (Gr. leukos,

proper French word for this meaning. ) decorations. white.] A variety of trachyte.

1. A morning reception held by a prince Leucin, Leucine (lu'sin), n. (Gr. leukos, Leucous (lū'kus), a, (Gr. leukos, white.]

or great personage; a morning assembly. white. ) (CH 3 NO2.) A white pulverulent

The term is chiefly applied in this counWhite: applied specifically to albinos. substance obtained by treating muscular Leugh, Leuch (lyuch or lyöch), pret. of

try to the stated public occasions on which fibre with sulphuric acid, and afterwards lauch. Laughed. (Scotch.]

the sovereign receives visits from such per

sons as are entitled by rank or fortune to with alcohol. It crystallizes in shining

How graceless Ham leugh at his dad,

the honour. It is distinguished from a scales.

Which inade Canaan a niger.

Burns.

drawing-room in this respect, that while Leuciscus (lū-sis'kus), n. (Gr. leukiskos, the

Levant (lev'ant), a. [Fr. lerant, rising, at the former gentlemen alone appear (with white mullet.) A genus of fishes of the family Cyprinidæ. It contains numerous

sunrise, from lever, L. levo, to make light, the exception of the chief ladies of the

to raise. In the extract below, Milton, using court), both ladies and gentlemen are adspecies, of which the roach, dace, and bleak

lerant and ponent as correlative terms, mitted to the latter. afford familiar examples.

In the lnited States, Leucite (lū’sīt), n. (Gr. leukos, white.) A

directly borrows from the It. levante, east, the term is applied to any general or mismineral, so called from its whiteness, found

east wind, and ponente, west, west wind.] cellaneous assemblage of guests, usually in

1. Eastern; coming from the direction in among volcanic products in Italy, especially

the evening; as, the president's levee. -which the sun rises.

2. The act or time of rising. Johnson.-at Vesuvius, disseminated through the lavas

Forth rush the levant and the ponent winds, 3. (Borrowed from the use of the word by in crystals or in irregular masses. It is a

Eurus and Zephyr.

Alilton. silicate of alumina and potassium.

the French settlers.] In America, an enLeucitic (lü-sit'ik), a. Of or pertaining to,

2. In geol. the name (“sunrise') given by Pro bankment on the margin of a river, to concontaining, or resembling leucite.

fessor II Rogers to the fourth of his fifteen fine it within its natural channel; as, the Leucitoid (lū'si-toid), a. In crystal. the tradivisions of the palæozoic strata in the Ap

levees on the banks of the Mississippi.- Levee palachian chain, the names of which suggest en masse pezohedron: so called as being the form of

See LEVY. the mineral leucite.

metaphorically the different natural periods Levee (lev'ē), v.t. 1. To attend the levee of; Leucobryaceæ (lū'kő-bri-ā"se-ė), 12. pl. (Gr.

of the day; it corresponds to a certain ex to lunt or pursue at levees. (Rare.) leukos, white, and bryon, an alga) A family tent with our lower Silurians. - Levant and

Warm in pursuit, he loves all the great. Young. of operculate mosses arranged among the

couchant, in lav, see COUCHANT. Acrocarpi, but exhibiting also lateral fruit Levant (lė-vant'), n. [It. lerante, the east,

2. To embank; as, to levee a river. stalks. There is only one British genus. the east wind. See the adjective.] 1. A

Level (lev'el), n. [A. Sax. lafel, from L. Leucocythæmia, Leucocythemia (lūko

name given somewhat loosely to the coun libella, a line or other appliance for testing tries, or more especially the maritime parts

whether a surface is level, from libra, a si-the"mi-a), n. (Gr. leukos, white, kytos, a

of the countries, lying on the eastern por balance, a plummet, a level. The A. Sax. cell, and haima, blood.] In med. a disease

tion of the Mediterrancan and its contig lopel no doubt merged in the 0. Fr. level, in which the blood presents a great increase

uous waters, as Turkey, Syria, Asia Minor, livel (now niveau), also from L. libella.] of the white corpuscles, the spleen and lym

Greece, Egypt, &c. - 2. An

sterly wind phatic glands being at the same time in

1. An instrument by which to find or draw blowing up the Mediterranean; a levanter. a straight line parallel to the plane of the creased. Leucoethiopic (lūk-e-thi-op'ik), a. Pertain

Levant (le-vant'), v. i. (Sp. levantar, to raise, horizon, and by this means to determine the

to move, to remove; lerantar la casa, means true level or the difference of ascent or ing to a leucæthiops or albino; pertaining to break up house ; lerantar el campo, to

descent between several places, for various to leucopathy. Leuco-ethiopic (lū’ko-e-thi-op"ik), a. Same

break up camp; to decamp-from L. lerare, purposes in architecture, agriculture, enas Leucoethiopic. to raise. ] To run away; to decamp.

gineering, hydraulics, surveying, &c. There Leucethiops (lūk-e'thi-ops), n. pl. Leuco

Her unfortunate affliction precluded her from all

is a great variety of instruments for this hope of letanting with a lover. Trollope. thiopes(lūk-e'thi-op-ēz). [Gr. leukos, white,

purpose, differently constructed and of dif

ferent materials, according to the particular and aithiops, an Ethiop or black.) An al Levant (le-vant), n. A land-spring. [Local.)

purposes to which they are applied, as the bino or individual affected with a want of 'Landsprings which we call levants.' Gilbert

carpenter's level, mason's level, gunner's colouring matter in the skin and cuticular White.

level, balance level, water level, mercurial appendages Levanter (lē-vant'ér), n. The name given

level, spirit level, surveying level, &c. All Leucojum, Leucoium (lū-ko’jum, lū-ko'i to an easterly wind blowing up the Medi

such instruments, however, may be reduced um), n. [Gr. leukos, white, and ion, a violet, terranean from the direction of the Levant.

to three classes:-(1) Those in which the verin reference to the colour of the flower, Violent Levanters which the learned among us say tical line is determined by a suspended whence the English name snowflake.) A ought to be the Euroclydon which drove St. Paul to genus of European bulbous plants, nat.

plumb line or balance weight, and the horiMalta,

H. H. Russell.

zontal indicated by a line perpendicular to it. order Amaryllidaceæ. They are very like Levanter (le-vant'ér), n. One who levants;

Such are the carpenter's and mason's levels. snowdrops, but the six perianth-segments one who bets at a horse-race, and runs away

(2) Those which determine a horizontal line are nearly equal. L. estivilm is a British without paying the wager lost; any one

by the surface of a fluid at rest, as water species commonly known by the name of who runs away disgracefully. [Slang. )

and mercurial levels. (3) Those which point snowflake. Levantine (lė-vant'in or lev'an-tin), a.

out the direction of a horizontal line by a Leucol, Leucoline (lūkol, lūkol-in), n. 1. Pertaining to the Levant. The lerantine

bubble of air floating in a fluid contained in (C,H.N.) An organic base obtained from churches.' Spencer.–2. Designating a par

a glass tube. Such are spirit-levels, which coal-tar, isomeric with chinoline. ticular kind of silk cloth.

are by far the most convenient and accuLeucoma (lū-ko'ma), n. [L., from leukos, Levantine (lē vant'in or lev'an-tin), n. 1. A

rate. All levels depend on the same prinwhite.) A white opacity of the cornea of native or inhabitant of the Levant.--2. A

ciple, namely, the action of terrestrial the eye, the result of acute inflammation. vessel belonging to the Levant.-3. A parti

gravity.--2. A line or surface every point of Called also Albugo. cular kind of silk cloth.

which is equally distant from the centre of Leucopathy, Leucopatnia (lū-kop'a-thi, Levari facias (lė-vá'ri fā'shi-as), n. (L.,

the earth: called a true lerel.-3. A line or lū-ko-path'i-a), n. [Gr. leukos, white, and that you cause to be levied. ] In lau, a

surface which coincides with or is parallel pathos, affection. ] The condition of an writ of execution executed by the sheriff

to the plane of the horizon: called an apalbino; albinism. for levying money upon the goods and

parent level.-4. A surface without inequalLeucophane (lūko-fán), n. (Gr. leukos, lands of another. It issues from the county

ities.-5. Rnte; standard; usual elevation: white, and phainā, to appear.) A mineral court and other inferior courts, except when

customary height; as, the ordinary level of occurring imperfectly crystallized, of a pale money due for taxes, upon recognizances,

the world.-6. Equal elevation with somegreenish or wine-yellow colour, consisting of &c., is to be levied, in which case it issues

thing else; a state of equality. silica, fluoric acid, glucina, lime, and sodium. from the exchequer. This writ, except in It is found in Norway. the case of outlawry, has been completely

Providence, for the most part, sets us upon a lezel.

Add: sen. Leucophasia (lū-ko-fa'si-a), 1. A genus of superseded by the writ of elegit. white butterflies. L. sinapis, or wood-white Levation (lė-vā'shon), n. [L. leratio, leva

7. The line of direction in which a missive butterfly, is a native of Britain.

The lerel of mine aim.' tionis, from lero, to raise.) The act of rais weapon is aimed. Leucophlegmacy (lü-ko-fleg'ma-si), n. ing; elevation. Sir T. More.

Shak.

I stood if the Icel (Gr. leukophlegmatia -- leukos, white, and Levator (le-va'tėr), n. (L. from levo, to

Of a full-charged confederacy, and give thanks phlegma, phlegm.) A tendency to a dropsi raise.] 1. In anat. a name applied to many To you that choked it.

Shak.

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Fig. 3.

8 Rule; plan; scheme.

[The term Levellers was particularly given to arms of an obstetrical forceps.--4. In den Be the fair level of thy actions laid. Prior. a party which arose in the army of the Long tistry, an instrument used in extracting the 9. Fixed or settled position; natural posi

Parliament about the year 1617. They pro stumps of teeth. -- Compound lever, a ma

fessed a determination to level all ranks tion; position to which anything is entitled.

chine consisting of several simple levers When merit shall find its level.' F. W.

and establish an equality in titles and Robertson.-10. In mining, an excavation or

estates throughout the kingdom. They were cutting in a lode; a horizontal gallery in a

put down by Fairfax.) mine; levels are generally ten, twenty, Levelling (lev'el-ing), n. 1. The reduction thirty fathoms below the adit, in which

of uneven surfaces to a level or plave. -case they are called the ten fathoms,

2. The art or operation of ascertaining the

different elevations of objects on the surtwenty fathoms, &c., level. Level (level), a. 1. Horizontal; coinciding face of the earth; the art or practice of find

w with the plane of the horizon, or parallel to

ing how much any assigned point on the

earth's surface included in a survey is it; as, to be perfectly level is to be exactly horizontal.--2. Not having one part higher

higher or lower than another assigned point. combined together and acting on each other.

It is a branch of surveying of great importhan another; not ascending or descending;

- Lever escapement, in a watch, an escapeeven; flat; having no inequalities of magni

tance in making roads, determining the pro ment in which the pallets are affixed to a tude; as, a level plain or field; level ground; a per lines for railways, conducting water,

bar or lever vibrating on its centre and level floor or pavement.--3. Even with anydraining low grounds, rendering rivers navi

having at one end a notch or fork which thing else; of the same height; on the gable, forming canals, and the like. In

catches a pin connected with the balancesame line or plane. ordinary cases of levelling (for example, for

wheel and drives this pin backwards and canals, railways, &c.) the instruments comNow shaves with level wing the deep, then soars

forwards so as to give the balance-wheel its Up to the fiery concave towering high. Milton. monly employed are a spirit-level with a

reciprocal motion. --- Lerer watch, a watch telescope attached to it, and a stand for The setting sun now beams more mildly bright,

with a lever escapement. -Universal lever, The shadows lengthening with the level light.

mounting them on, and a pair of levelling a contrivance by means of which the recipbeartie. staves.

rocating motion of a lever is made to com4. Equal in rank or degree; having no Levelling-pole, Levelling-rod (lev'el-ing

municate a continuous rotatory motion to degree of superiority. põl, lev'el-ing-rod), i.. Same as Levelling.

a wheel, and a continuous rectilinear moBe lae in preferments, and you will soon be as star

tion to anything attached by a rope to the level in your learning. Bentley. Levelling-staff (lev'el-ing-staf), n. An in

axle of the wheel. Level (lev'el), v.t. pret. & pp. levelled; ppr.

strument used in levelling in conjunction Levert (lē'ver), a. compar, of lefe, lief, or levelling. 1. To make horizontal; to reduce with a spirit-level and telescope. It is leve. (See LIEF.] More agreeable. to a horizontal plane.--2. To make smooth variously constructed, but consists essen

Levert (lē'ver), adv. Rather; more gladly; or even; to reduce or remove inequalities tially of a graduated pole with a vane sliding

more willingly. of suriace in anything; as, to level a road upon it so as to mark the height at any

Shalt thou never eat nor drink, said the steward, or walk. -3. To reduce or bring to the particular distance above the ground. In

Till my lord be come to town? same height with something else; to lay levelling two of them are used together, I make mine avow to God, said Little John, and being set up at any required distance

I had lever to crack thy crown. fiat; to reduce to an even surface or plane.

old ballad. the surveyor, by means of a telescope placed Leverage (lē'ver-āj), n. 1. The action of a And their proud structures level with the ground.

Sandys

between them perfectly horizontally, is en. lever; the arrangement by which lever He levels mountains, and he raises plains. Dryden,

abled to compare the relative heights of power is gained. • The fulcrum of the

the two places. Called also Levelling-pole, lererage.' 1. Taylor.-- 2. Lever power; the 4. To reduce to equality of condition, state,

Levelling-rod, Station-pole, or Station-stati mechanical advantage or power gained by or degree; as, to level all ranks and degrees Levelly (lev'el-li), adv. In a level manner;

using a lever of men. evenly.

Lever-board (le'vėr-bord), n. See LOUVRE. The consequence has been (in too many physical

The condition of Leveret (lev'ér-et), n. (Fr. lerrette, dim. of systems), to level the study of nature, in point of Levelness (lev'el-nes), n. moral interest, with the investigations of the alge. being level; evenness; equality.

0. Fr. levre (now li rre), a hare, from L. braist. Stewart. Leven (lev'n). See LEAVEN.

lepus, leporis, a hare.) A hare in the first 5. To point, in taking aim; to elevate or de Levent (lev'en), n. Lightning. See LEVIN. year of its age. press so as to direct a missile weapon to an Leven (lev'en), n. A lawn; an open space Leverock (lev'èr-ok), n. A lark. See LARK. object; to aim; as, to level a cannon or between woods. (Scotch.)

Lever-valve (lē'ver-valv), 2. A safety-valve musket.

Lever (lē'vėr), n. [Fr. levier, from lever, L. kept down by the pressure of an adjustable The setting sun..

levo, to raise. ] 1. In mech. a bar of metal, weight. In locomotives a spring is substiAgainst the eastern gate of Paradise

wood, or other substance turning on a sup tuted for the weight, and the pressure is Levelled his evening rays.

Wilton.

port called the fulcrum or prop, and used regulated by a screw and indicated on a Hence--6. To aim; to direct; as, severe re to overcome a certain resistance (called the brass plate. marks levelled at the vices and follies of the weight) encountered at one part of the bar Levesell, t n. See LEVECEL. age. -7. To adapt; to suit; to proportion; by means of a force (called the power) ap Levett (lė-vet'), 1, (Fr. lerer, to raise, to as, to level observations to the capacity of plied at another part. It is one of the me call up.) The morning call on the trumpet children. -- To level up, to raise something chanical

powers, and is of three kinds, viz. : by which soldiers are summoned to rise; a that is low to the level of anything higher; (1) When the fulcrum is between the weight reveille. specifically, to raise a lower person or class and the power, as in the handspike, crow

Conie, sir, a quaint lavet to the level of a higher.-- To level down, to bar, &c. In this case the parts of the lever

To waken our brave general. Bean & FI. lower to the same level or status.

on each side of the fulcrum are called the Leveth,t vt. imper. second pers. pl. Leveth Level (lev'el), v. i 1. To accord; to agree ; arms, and these arms may either be equal me, believe me. Chaucer. to suit [Rare.)

as in the balance, or unequal as in the Leviable (lev'í-a-bl), a. That may be levied; Such accommodation and besort

steelyard. (2) When the weight is between that may be assessed and collected; as, sums As lovels with her breeding. Shak.

leviable by law. 2. To be in the same direction with some

Fig 1.

Leviathan (lë-vi'a-than), n. (Heb. liryoА

с thing; to be aimed.

than, a term which etymologically seems to He to his engine flew,

mean a long jointed monster.) 1. An aquaPlac'd near at hand in open view,

tic animal described in the book of Job, And rais'd it till it lovell'd right,

W

ch. xli., and mentioned in other passages of Against the glow-worm tail of kite. Hudibras. !

Scripture. In Isaiah it is called the crooked 2. To point a gun or an arrow to the mark;

serpent. It is not known what animal is as, he immediately lerellel and fired.-4. To the power and the fulcrum, as in rowing intended by the writers, whether the crocodirect the view or purpose; to make at a boat, where the fulcrum is the water. dile, the whale, or a species of serpent. tempts; to aim. (3) When the power is between the weight

2. A fabulous sea-monster of immense size. The glory of God and the good of his church and the fulcrum, as in raising a ladder from

Levier (lev'i-er), n. One who levies. ought to be the mark whereat we also level.

the ground by applying the hands to one Levigable (lev'i-ga-bl), a. That can be Hooker.

of the lower rounds, the fulcrum in this rubbed or ground down to fine powder. Ambitious York did level at thy crown. Shak.

case being the foot of the ladder. The bones Levigate (lev'i-gāt), v.t. pret. and pp. levi. 5. + To conjecture; to attempt to guess. “He of animals are levers of the third kind. Fig. 1 gated; ppr. levigating. [L. lævigo, from levelled at our purposes.' Shak.

represents a lever of the first kind, the lavis, smooth.] 1. In phar. and chem. to Level-coilt (level-koil), n. An old Christ

rub or grind to a fine impalpable powder; inas game in which each hunted the other

to make fine, soft, and smooth. -- 2. To from his seat, the loser giving up his seat to

Fig. 2.

plane: to polish. "When use hath levithe winner; hence, riotous sport of any

gated the organs.

Barrow. kind

Levigate (lev'i-gāt), a. 1. Made smooth, as Young Justice Bramble has kept level-coil

if by polishing. --- 2. Made less harsh or burHere in our quarters, stole away our daughter.

densome; alleviated. His labours being B. Jonson. Leveless, t a. Without leave. Chaucer.

levigate, and made more tolerable.' Sir T. Levelism (lev'el-izm), n. The act or prin

Elyot. [Rare.) ciples of levelling distinctions in society.

Levigation (lev-i-ga'shon), n. The act or (Rare.)

operation of grinding or rubbing a solid Leveller (lev'el-ėr), n. 1. One who levels or

power of acting at A, the weight or resist substance to a fine impalpable powder. makes even. -2. One who destroys or at

ance at w, c being the fulcrum or prop. Levin (lev'in), n. (O.Elevene, levening, &c., tempts to destroy social distinctions and

Fig. 2 is a lever of the second kind, fig. 3 a from or allied to A. Sax. lig, lige, flame, reduce all men to equality.

lever of the third kind. In all levers the ligen, flaming, E, leme, leam, flame. The

power and weight are inversely proportional connection between levin and A. Sax, lig, You are an everlasting leveller; you won't allow encouragement to extraordinary merit.

to the perpendicular lines drawn from the ligen, is similar to that between Icel. log Collier.

fulcrum to the directions in which the two and Dan. lov, law, Icel. skóg, Danskov, a Its structure strongly proves the truth of the maxim that princes are true lovellers-real republicans

forces act.--2. A watch with a lever escape wood, E. laugh, and its present pronunciaamong themselves.

Brougham. ment; a lever watch.-- 3. In surg, one of the tion lif; the connection between it and leme

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LEVIN-BRAND

42

LEY

again is paralleled by Icel. himinn and obtain the natural order of colours, the quartz is Lewis, Lewisson (lū’is, lū’is-son), n. 1. The hifinn, E. hearen, Sw. hamn, Icel. höfn, E. called left-handed or lavogirate, the two kinds of

name of one kind of shears used in cropping haven.) Lightning.

polarization respectively called right-handed circular
Spenser.
polarization and left-handed circular polarization,

woollen cloth. – 2. An instrument of iron To him, as to the burning levin,

Haydn.

used in raising large stones to the upper Short, bright, resistless course was given. Levorotatory (lē-vo-to'ta-to-ri), a. (L.lavus, part of a building. It operates by the dove

Sir 11. Scott.

left, and rotā, a wheel.] Same as Levogy. tailing of one of its ends into an opening in Levin-brand (lev'in-brand), n. A thunder rate.

the stone, so formed that bolt. Spenser. Levulose, Lævulose (lē'vū-los), n. One of

no vertical force can detach Levine (le'vīn), n. See LEVYNE. the constituents of fruit-sugar or inverted

it. In the figure a a are Leviner (lev'in-er), n. A swift species of sugar.

two movable parts, perforhound. Under the influence of dilute acids, or long boiling

ated at their heads to adLevirate, Leviratical (lė-vi'rāt, le-vi-rat' with water, cane-sugar is converted into what is

mit the pin or bolt cd. ik-al), a. (L. levir, a husband's brother.) In

called inverted sugar, a mixture of dextrose and
larvulose. It is called inverted, because the left-

These are inserted by hand Jewish antiq. (a) a term applied to the law handed rotation of the lazulose is greater than the

into the cavity formed in according to which a woman whose hus right-handed rotation of the dextrose. Haydn.

the stone, and between band died without issue was to be married Levy (lev'i), 11. [Fr. levée, a raising or levy.

them the part b is introto the husband's brother. Deut. XXV. 5. ing, a levy of troops or taxes, &c., from

duced, which pushes their (6) Made in accordance with the levirate lever, L. levo, to raise.] 1. The act of levy

points out to the sides of law. ing or collecting, especially for public ser

the stone, thus filling the The first-born son of a leviratical marriage was reckoned and registered as the son of the deceased vice; as, a lery of troops was then made.

cavity; e is a half-ring bolt brother.

Dear Alford
2. That which is levied, as a body of troops,

with a perforation at each Leviration (lē-vi-ra'shon), 1. The act or or the amount accruing from a tax.

end, to this the tackle above

Lewis, And king Solomon raised a leży out of all Israel; custom among the Jews of a man's marry

is attached by a hook. The and the levy was thirty thousand men.

1 Ki. v. 13. ing the widow of a brother who died without

fastening pin passes horiissue.

zontally through all the holes, entering at The same custom or law prevails in

And this is the reason of the lazy which king Solo

mon raised; for to build the house of the Lord, and the right side d, and forelocking on the some parts of India.

his own house, &c.

I Ki. ix. 15. other end c. Levitation (lev-i-ta'shon), n. [From L. levitas, lightness, from levis, light. ]

3. In law, the act of collecting on execution. Lex (leks), n. (L., from same root as E.

1. The act of making light; lightness; buoyancy.

-Levy in masa (Fr. levée en masse), the act to lie.) Law; a word used in various law

of levying for military service all the able phrases; as, lex loci contractus, the law of The lungs also of birds, as compared with the bodied men of a country.

the place where the contract is made; lex lungs of quadrupeds, contain in them a provision Levy (lev'i), v.t. pret. & np. leried; ppr.

talionis, the law of retaliation, directing distinguishingly calculated for this same purpose of levitation.

Paley, lerying. [From the noun, and perhaps partly the punishment to be analogous to the 2 Among Spiritualists, the alleged pheno

directly from the Fr. lever.] 1. To raise; to crime, as an eye for an eye, a tooth for a menon of bodies heavier than air being by

collect; as, to levy troops; to levy taxes. tooth, &c.; lex non scripta, the unwritten spiritual means rendered buoyant in the

Edward the First covenanted in express terms for

or common law; lex scripta, the written or atmosphere.

himself and his heirs, that they would never again statute law; lex mercatoria, mercantile law. Levite (lë'vit), n. [From Levi, one of the

levy any aid without the assent and good wil of the Lexical (leks'ik-al), a. Pertaining to a estates of the realm.

Macaulay.

lexicon. sons of Jacob.] 1. In Jewish history, one of

2. In law, (a) to erect or construct; as, to the tribe or family of Levi; a descendant of

Lexically (leks’i-kal-li), adv. By means of levy a mill; to levy a ditch. (0) To take or Levi; more particularly, one of those per

a lexicon; according to lexicography or a seize on execution or by seizure or distress. sons who were employed in various duties

lexicon -3. To raise or desist from, as a siege. connected with the tabernacle, or after

By modifying a root lexically is here meant varying wards with the temple, as in bringing wood

Euphranor having levied the siege from this one

its signification. city, forth with led his army to Demetrias. Holland.

Sir . Stoddart. and other necessaries for the sacrifices,

(See singing and playing in connection with the

-To levy war is to raise or begin war; to Lexicographer (leks-i-kogʻra-fér), n. services, &c. They were subordinate to the take arms for attack; to attack.---To lery a

LEXICOGRAPHY.) The author or compiler of priests, the descendants of Aaron, who was fine, to commence and carry on a suit for

a lexicon or dictionary. also of the family of Levi. --2. A priest: so assuring the title to lands or tenements.

Lexicographer a writer of dictionaries, a used in contempt or ridicule.

Levyne (lev'in), n. [So called from Lery the harmless drudge, that busies himself in tracing the A young Levite ...

original and detailing the signification of words. might be had for his board, crystallographer ) A mineral found in Ire

Fohnson. a small garret, and ten pounds a year. Macaulay.

land, Faroe, and some other places. It

occurs crystallized, the primary form being 'Lexicographic, Lexicographical (leks'iLevitic, Levitical (le-vit'ik, le-vit'ik-al), a.

an acute rhomboid. It is a hydrated sili kö-grat''ik, leks'i-kö-graf"ik-al), a. Pertain1. Belonging to or connected with the Lecate of calcium and aluminum.

ing to the writing or compilation of a dicvites. - 2. Priestly, 'Certain theological,

Lew (lü), a. (Allied to D. laaud, G. lau, tionary. or rather levitical questions.' Milton.

lukewarm ; comp. also A. Sax. hleovan, to Lexicography (leks-i-kog'ra-ft), n. (Gr. Levitical degrees, degrees of kindred with

be warm.) Tepid; lukewarm. [Old and lexikon, and graphö, to write.] 1. The act in which persons are prohibited to marry. provincial. ]

of writing a lexicon or dictionary, or the They are set forth in Lev. xviii. 6-18.

Lewd (lūd), a, (O. E. lewed, lewd, lay, igno occupation of composing dictionaries. Levitically (le-vit'ik-al-li), adv. After the

rant; A. Sax. lawed, lawd, &c., lay, laic, 2. The principles on which dictionaries are, manner of the Levites.

pp. of læwan, to weaken, enfeeble. Skeat.] or should be, constructed; the art of comLeviticus (lė.vit'ik-us), n. (From Levi, Le

i. Lay; laic; not clerical; unlearned; ignor piling a dictionary. cite.) A canonical book of the Old Testaant; simple.

Lexicologist (leks-i-kolo-jist), n. One skilled ment, the third book of Moses, containing

So these great clerks their little wisdom shew

in lexicology; one who makes dictionaries principally the laws and regulations re To mock the lourd, as learn'd in this as they

or lexicons; a lexicographer. lating to the priests and Levites and to

Sir 7. Davies.

Lexicology (leks-i-kol'o-ji), n. (Gr. lexikon, offerings; the body of the ceremonial law. 2. Vile; despicable; profligate; wicked.

a dictionary, and logos, discourse.) The Levity (lev'i-ti), n. (L. levitas, from levis, But the Jews which believed not, ... took unto light.] 1. Lightness; the want of weight in them certain lewd fellows of the baser sort, . . . and

science of words, their derivation and sig. assaulted the house of Jason. Acts xvii. 5. nification; that branch of learning which a body compared with another that is hea

Great numbers of men were trained up in an idle treats of the proper signification and just vier; as, the ascent of a balloon in the air

and dissolute way of life, .. and then, if not application of words. is owing to its levity.--2. Lightness of tem ashamed to beg, too lewd to work, and ready for Lexicon (leks'i-kon), n. (Gr. lexikon, from per or conduct; want of due consideration; any kind of mischief.

Southey.

lexis, a speaking, speech, a word, from lego, want of seriousness; disposition to trifle; 3. Given to the unlawful indulgence of lust;

to say, to speak.) A dictionary; a vocabuinconstancy; changeableness; unsteadiness; addicted to fornication or adultery; disso lary or book containing an alphabetical arfickleness; capriciousness; volatility; as, lute; lustful; libidinous. - 4. Proceeding rangement of the words in a language, with the levity of youth.

from unlawful lust; as, lewd actions. - the definition of each, or an explanation of The levity that is fatigued and disgusted with SYN. Lustful, libidinous, licentious, pro

its meaning. The term lexicon was originally everything of which it is in possession,

Burke. fligate, dissolute, sensual, unchaste, im and is still usually applied to dictionaries Levoglucose, Lævoglucose (le'vo-glū-kos), pure, lascivious, lecherous.

of the Greek or Hebrew tongues. 12. In chem. a sugar isomeric with dextro- ! Lewdly (lūd'li), adv. In a lewd manner: Lexiconist (leks'i-kon-ist), n. A writer of glucose, but distinguished from it by turn (a)t ignorantly; foolishly. Spenser. () a lexicon. (Rare.) ing the plane of polarization to the left, and Grossly; coarsely; wantonly; wickedly. Lexigraphic, Lexigraphical (leks-i-graf'. always occurring along with it in honey, in Whom she with leasings lewdly did miscall ik, leks-i-graf'ik-al), a. "Pertaining to leximany fruits, and in other sacchariferous And wickedly backbite.

Spenser.

graphy vegetable organs. The mixture of these two Yet lewdly darest our ministering upbraid. Milton. Lexigraphy (leks-igʻra-fi), n. [Gr. lexis, a sugars in equal numbers of molecules con (c) With the unlawful indulgence of lust; word, and graphó, to write.] The art or stitutes fruit-sugar or inverted sugar, which lustfully.

practice of defining words. itself turns the plane of polarization to the Lewdness (lūd'nes), n. The state or quality Lexiphanic (leks-i-fan'ik), a. [From Gr. left, the specific rotatory power of levo of being lewd: (a)t ignorance; folly. (6) lexiphanēs, grandiloquent, from lexis, a glucose being greater than that of dextro. Wickedness. (c) The unlawful indulgence of word, especially a rare or foreign word, and glucose.

lust; fornication or adultery; lasciviousness. phaino, to show.) Relating to lexiphaniLevogyrate (lē'vo-ji-rāt), a. (L. lævus, left, SYN. Lasciviousness, impurity, unchastity, cism; bombastic; turgid ; inflated. Campand gyrus, a circle.) Causing to turn to debauchery, lechery, licentiousness, sen

bell. wards the left hand; as, a lævogyrate crys suality, profligacy.

Lexiphanicism (leks-i-fan'i-sizm), n. The tal, that is, one that turns the rays to the Lewdsbyt (lūdsbi), n. A lewd or lecherous habit of using an inflated, pompous style in right in the polarization of light. See DEX person.

speaking or writing. Campbell. TROGYRATE, and extract below.

Lewdstert (lūd'stér), n. One given to cri- Lexipharmic (leks-i-fär'mik), n. A mediIf the analyser (a slice of quartz) has to be turned minal indulgence of lust; a lecher.

cine which counteracts the effect of poison. towards the right, so as to cause the colours to suc Against such lewdsters and their lechery

See ALEXIPHARMIC. ceed each other in their natural order---red, orange, Those that betray them do no treachery. Shak. Ley,t n. Law. yellow, green, blue, indigo, violet--the piece of quartz is called right handed, or dextrogyrate. 11, however, Lewed, t a. Ignorant; unlearned; lascivi. Ley (le), n. A different orthography of Lay the analyser has to be turned from right to left to

Chaucer.

and Lea, a meadow or field. (See LEA.)

Ous.

LEY

43

LIBELLULIDÆ

It is a common element in English place

Ist not 1

Libant (li'bant), a. (L. libans, libantis, ppr. names; as, Chorley, Dudley, Stanley. It That undergo this charge? who else but I,

of libo, to taste, to sip.) Sipping; touching

And such as to my claim are lizble, sometimes, especially in Devonshire, as

Sweat in this business and maintain this war!

lightly. (Rare.] sumes the form of Leigh.

Shak. She touched his eyelashes with libant lip, Leyt (le), a. Fallow; uncultivated.

And breathed ambrosial odours o'er his cheek. (Liable, in this sense, is always applied to

Landor, Let wife and land

evils. We never say a man is liable to hap- Libation (lī-bā'shon), n. [L. libatio, libaLie ley till I return.

Beas, & FI.
piness or prosperity, but he is liable to dis-

tionis, from libo, Gr. leibo, to pour, to pour Ley (lē), n. Same as Lye.

ease, calamities, censure; he is liable to err, forth, as in honour of a deity) 1. The act Leyden-phial, Leyden-jar (lī’dn-fi-al, lito sin, to fall.)-3.+ Subordinate; subject.

of pouring a liquor, usually wine, either on dn-jar), n. [So named from having been in

Reason to my love is liable.' Shak.

the ground or on a victim in sacrifice, in vented at Leyden, Holland.) A glass phial

All that we upon this side the sea ... honour of some deity: a practice observed or jar coated inside and outside, usually Find linble to our crown and dignity,

by the ancient Greeks and Romans, and by with tin-foil, to within a third of the top,

Shall gild her bridal bed.

Shak.

the Jews. -- 2. The wine or other liquor that it may be readily charged with elec

4.7 Fit; suitable. Apt, liable to be em poured out in honour of a deity. tricity, and thus employed in a variety of ploy'd in danger.' Shak. ---Liable, Subject. The goblet then she took, with nectar crown'd, interesting and useful experiments. A me. Liable is used chiefly with regard to what Sprinkling the first libation on the ground. tallic rod, having a knob at the top, is fixed may befall; subject to what is likely to do

Dryden. into the mouth of the jar, and is made to so, and does so customarily. The former Libatory (li'ba-to-ri), a. Pertaining to liba

tion.
class of things are determined more by acci-
dent and circumstance, the latter by nature

Libbard (lib’ärd), an obsolete spelling of or constitution. A man may be subject to

Leopard. With libbard's head on knee.' certain ailments, and he is always liable to Libbard's-banet (lib'ärdz-bān). See LEOP

Shak.
accidents of various kinds.
Liableness (li'a-bl-nes), n. The state of

ARD'S-BANE. B. Jonson.
being liable ; liability

Libbet (lib'bet), n. A billet of wood; a stick Lia-fail, n. (Gael. lia, a stone, and fail, Libecch'io (li-bek'i-o), 1. [It. libeccio.] The

or club; a staff. Halliwell. [Provincial.) for faidheil, fate.) Stone of destiny, the

south-west wind. stone on which the ancient Irish kings are

Thwart of these, as fierce, said to have been crowned, brought by Fer Forth rush the Levant and the Ponent winds, gus to Scotland, and ultimately deposited Eurus and Zephyr, with their lateral noise, at Scone, where the Scottish kings sat on it

Sirocco and Libecchio.

Milton. Leyden-phial.

at their coronation. It was removed by Libel (libel), n. (Fr. libelle, bill, lampoon;

Edward I. to England and placed in West L. libellus, a little book, a pamphlet, a nocommunicate with the inside coating, and minster Abbey, where it still forms part of tice, a libel or lampoon, dim. of liber, the when the jar is to be charged the knob of

the coronation chair. Enthusiasts affirm inner bark or rind of a tree used for paper; this rod is applied to the prime conduc that it was the stone on which Jacob rested

and hence a book.] 1. A writing of any tor. As the electric fluid passes to the in his head when he had his miraculous dream, kind; a written declaration, certificate, supside of the jar, an equal quantity passes and that it was brought to Spain by Gathe

plication, &c. A libel of forsaking.' Mat. from the outside, so that the two sides lus, who married Scota, Pharaoh's daughter, v. 31. Wickliffe. ('Writing of divorcement' are brought into opposite states, the inside and was subsequently brought to Ireland by in our ew Testament.)-2. A defamatory being positive and the outside negative. one of their descendants, who was crowned writing; a malicious publication; any book, The jar is discharged by establishing a king of Ireland on it. In reality the legend

pamphlet, writing, or picture containing communication between the outside coat was fabricated by a Baldrec Bisset, who was representations, maliciously made or pubing and the knob. A vacuum produced in sent to Rome to pray the pope to aid the lished, tending to bring a person into cona Leyden-phial has been named the Leyden

Scots in resisting the claims of England. tempt, or expose him to public hatred, contacuum. The stone is the same as the rocks around

tempt, or derision; also any obscene, blasLeye, t o.t. To lay; to lay a wager. Chaucer. Scone. Called also Jacob's Stone.

phemous, or seditious publication, whether Leyte, + Leite, t n. (See LIGHT.] Flame. Liaget (li'āj), n. [Fr. liage, a binding, from

by printing, writing, signs, or pictures.Chaucer,

lier, L. ligare, to bind.) A league; an alliance. 3. The crime of publishing a libel; as, guilty Leze Majesty (lēz' maj-es-ti), n. (Fr. lèse- Liaison (le-a-zon), n. [Fr., from L. ligatio, a

of libel.-4. In Scots law and English eccles. majesté, high treason, from L. læsa majestas, binding, from L. ligare, to bind.) 1. Å union

law, the summons or similar writ comtreason -- lædo, læsum, to hurt, to injure,

or bond of union; an entanglement; an mencing a suit and containing the plaintiff's offend against, and majestas, majesty. ] In intimacy; commonly, an illicit intimacy allegations. jurisprudence, any crime committed against between a man and a woman.-2. In cookery, Libel (li'bel), v.t. pret. & pp. libelled; ppr. the sovereign power in a state; treason. a thickening, generally of beat eggs, some libelling. 1. To defame or expose to public The Latin crimen lasce majestatis,' de times of cream and eggs, intended to tie or

hatred or contempt by a writing, picture, noted a charge brought against a citizen connect the component parts of a dish. and the like; to lampoon. for acts of rebellion, usurpation of office, Liana (le-ä'nä), n. [Fr. liane, from lier, to

Some wicked wits have libelled all the fair. Pope. and general misdemeanours of a political bind.) A term applied to the climbing and character, which were comprehended under twining plants in tropical forests, which

2. To exhibit a charge against, as against a the title of offences against the majesty of

wind themselves round the stems of the clergyman for conduct unbecoming his office, the Roman people.

trees, often overtopping them, and descend or against a ship or goods for a violation of Lherzolite (lérző-lit), n. (From Lherz, in ing again to the ground. Our own honey

the laws of trade or revenue. the Pyrenees, where it is found.] A mineral, suckle and clematis afford familiar exam

Libelt (li'bel), v.i. To spread defamation, a variety of pyroxene. When crystallized ples of this kind of plants on a limited scale. written or printed: with against. "Libelling its crystals are brilliant, translucid, very Liar (li'èr), n. One who tells lies; a person

against the senate.' Shak. small, and of an emerald green. who knowingly utters falsehood; one who

Libella (li'bella), 12. (L., dim. of libra, a Li (lë), n. 1. A Chinese copper coin, other declares to another as a fact what he knows

balance.] 1. A small balance. -2. An inwise called a cash. It is worth about one to be not true, and with an intention to de

strument for taking levels; a level. fifth of a farthing.–2. A Chinese measure

One who libels; ceive him.

Libellant (libel-ant), n. of length, equal to '486 inch. Liard (lé-är), n. (Fr.) A French farthing.

one who brings a libel or institutes a suit Liability (li-a-bil'i-ti), n. 1. The state of Liardt (li'érd), a. Same as Liart.

in a court, especially in an ecclesiastical or being liable: (a) the state of being bound Liard,+ n. [0. Fr. liart, L. L. liardus,

admiralty court. or obliged in law or justice; responsibility: dapple-gray.) A name applied to a horse,

The counsel for the libellant contended they had a right to read the instructions.

Cranch. as, the officer wishes to discharge himself properly of a gray or dapple-gray colour: from his liability. (6) Exposedness; ten equivalent to Dapple. Chaucer.

Libeller (li'bel-er), n. One who libels; a dency; a state of being subject; as, the Liart, Lyart (li'ért), a. Gray; gray-headed.

lampooner. liability of a man to contract disease in an [Scotch.)

It is ignorance of ourselves which makes us the infected room; a liability to accidents.-- Lias (li'as), 1. (Fr. liais, 0. Fr. liois, Arm.

libellers of others.

Buckminster. 2. That for which one is liable; specifically liach, Gael. leac, a stone.) In geol. a name Libellist (li'bel-ist), n. A libeller. (pl.), that which one is under obligation given to that series of strata, consisting prin- Libellous (li'bel-us), a. Containing matter to pay ; debts; as, his liabilities amounted cipally of thin layers of limestone embedded of the nature of a libel ; defamatory; conto £50,000.

in thick masses of blue argillaceous clay,lying taining that which exposes a person to Liable (li'a-bl), a. ('Commonly explained at the basis of the oolitic or jurassic series, public hatred, contempt, or ridicule; as, from L ligo, Fr. lier, to bind; under ob and above the triassic or new red sandstone. a libellous picture. A libellous pamphlet.' ligation to But no L. ligabilis, or Fr. The formation is highly fossiliferous, am Wotton. liable, is brought forwards. The word monites being found in such quantities and Libellously (li'bel-us-li), adv. In a libellous seems purely English, and it looks as if it varieties as to be called into use in the manner. were barbarously formed from the verb lie, classification of the different beds. Gryph Libellula (li-bel'ü-la), n. A Linnæan genus as inclinable from incline, with the sense ites and belemnites are also very common of neuropterous or orthopterous insects, of lying open to.' Wedgwood. Such words molluscs. Fish remains are frequent, but having the mouth furnished with jaws, and as ally, lien, however, may have had some of all its fossil remains by far the most im the tail terminated by a kind of forceps. thing to do with the development of the portant are those of the great reptiles, of This genus is now divided into three famimeaning. Comp. rely and reliable. ] 1. Obliged which the ichthyosaurus, plesiosaurus, and lies, each containing several genera, Libelin law or equity; responsible; answerable for enaliosaurus are representatives. Numerous lula being the type of those with large eyes, consequences; bound to make good a loss ; remains of plants occur in the lias.

broad hind wings, and larvæ with helmetas, the surety is liable for the debt of his Liassic (li-as'ik), a. Pertaining to or of the mask. principal; the parent is not liable for debts age of the lias formation.

Libellulidæ (lī- bel - ū’li-dē), n. pl. The contracted by a son who is a minor, except Lib (lib), v.t. [D. lubben, Dan. live, to geld. dragon-flies, à family of neuropterous, or, for necessaries.-2. Apt or not unlikely to The form glib is also found.) To castrate. according to some, orthopterous insects, incur something undesirable; subject; ex (Obsolete or Scotch.)

with a mouth furnished with jaws, antenna posed: with to.

Libament+ (lib'a - ment), n. (L. libamen shorter than the thorax, extended wings, Proudly secure, yet liable to fall. Milton, tum.] Same as Libation. Holland.

and a tail terminated by a kind of forceps.

LIBER

44

LIBIDINOUSNESS

See

The metamorphosis is incomplete, and the to think or judge liberally of men and their 2. Perinission granted, as by a superior, to larvæ aquatic. See DRAGON-FLY.

actions. (c) Freely; not strictly; not literally; do something that one might not otherwise Liber (li'ber), n. (L.) In bot. the inner as, he construes the words of the act libera do; leave; as, liberty given to a child to lining of the bark of exogenous trees; the ally.

play, or to a witness to leave a court.innermost layer of the bark; endophlæum; Liberate (lib'è-rāt), v. t. pret. & pp. liberated; 3. Immunity enjoyed by prescription or by bast.

ppr. liberating. (L. libero, liberatum, from grant; privilege; exemption; franchise; as, Liberal (lib'er-al), a. (L. liberalis, from liber, free.) To release from restraint or the liberties of the commercial cities of liber, free. Akin to libet, lubet, it pleases, bondage; to set at liberty; to free; to deliver; Europe.-4. A place or district within which it is agreeable, Skr. lubh, to desire.] 1. Be to disengage; as, to liberate a slave; to liberate certain exclusive privileges may be exerfitting a freeman or one well-born; not one from duress or imprisonment; to liberate cised; a place of exclusive jurisdiction; as, mean or low; gentlemanlike; refined; as, the mind from the shackles of prejudice. within the city liberty. 5. A certain the liberal arts; a liberal education.--2. Of

By what means a man may liberate himself from amount of freedom; permission to go about a free heart; ready to give or bestow; muni those fears.

Johnson. freely within certain limits, as in a place of ficent; bountiful; generous; giving largely: Liberation (lib-e-ra'shon), n.

(Lliber

confinement; also, the place or limits within as, a liberal donor; the liberal founders of atio, liberationis, from libero, to free.

which such freedom or privilege is exera college or hospital.-3. Generous; ample; LIBERATE.) The act of delivering, or the cised; as, the liberties of a prison.-6. Action large; as, a liberal donation; a liberal allow

state of being delivered from restraint, or speech of one person to another hardly ance; hence, abundant; profuse; as, a liberal confinement, slavery, debt, and the like.

warranted by their relative positions; freeoutfiow of water.

Liberator(lib'è-rät-er), n. One who liberates dom not specially granted: freedom of aeHis wealth doth warrant a liberal dower. Shak. or delivers.

tion or speech beyond the ordinary bounds 4. Not having or not characterized by He (Luther) was the great reformer and liberator

of civility or decorum; as, may I take the selfish, narrow, or contracted ideas or

of the European intellect.

Buckle.

liberty of calling on you? feelings; favourable to civil, political, and Liberatory (lib'e-ra-to-ri), a. Tending to He was repeatedly provoked into striking those

who had taken literties with him. Macaulay. religious liberty; favourable to reform or liberate or set free. progress; not bound by orthodox or estab Libero-motor (lib'er-o-mo-tor), a. Letting

7. The power of an agent to do or forbear Îished tenets in politics or religion; not out or liberating nerve-force.

any particular action, according to the deconservative; friendly to great freedom in

Each ganglion is a libero-motor agent.

termination or thought of the mind, by the forms of administration of government;

Herbert Spencer.

which either is preferred to the other; freeas, a liberal thinker; a liberal Christian; Libertarian (lib - ér - tă'ri - an), a. Per dom of the will; exemption from compulsion liberal sentiments or views; a liberal mind; taining to liberty, or to the doctrine of or restraint in willing or volition.-8. Freeliberal policy; liberal institutions ; the

freewill, as opposed to the doctrine of neces dom from occupation or engagements; disLiberal party. -5. Free; open; candid; as, sity

engagement. - 9. In the manége, a curve or a liberal communication of thoughts.

Libertarian (lib-er-ta'ri-an), n. One who arch in that part of the bit placed in the 6. Not too literal or strict; free; as, a

holds the doctrine of moral freedom, or the mouth of a horse in order to afford room liberal construction of a statute.--7. Licendoctrine of the freedom of the will.

for the tongue of the animal. -- Natural tious; free to excess; unrestrained; uncon It retorts against himself the very objection of liberty, the power of acting as one thinks trolled; loose; lax. A liberal villain.' incomprehensibility by which the fatalist had thought fit, without any restraint or control, except Shak. * Liberal jests.' Beau. & Fl. ---Lib

to triuinph over the libertarian, Sir W. Hamilton, from the laws of nature. It is a state of eral arts. See under Art. (Liberal has of

I believe he (Dr. Crombie) may claim the merit of exemption from the control of others, and

adding the word 'libertarian' to the English lan. or with before the thing bestowed, and

from positive laws and the institutions of guage as Priestley added that of 'necessarian.' Reid.

social life. to before the person or object on which

This liberty is abridged by the anything is bestowed; as, to be liberal of

Libertarianism (lib-er-tâ'ri-an-izm), n. establishment of government. - Civilliberty, praise or censure; he was liberal with his The principles or doctrines of libertarians.

the liberty of men in a state of society, or money; liberal to the poor.) Liberal is Liberticide (lib'er-ti-sid), n. [Liberty, and

natural liberty, so far only abridged and often used in compounds which are self

L. cædo, to kill.] 1. Destruction of liberty. restrained as is necessary and expedient for explanatory; as, liberal-hearted; liberal2. A destroyer of liberty.

the safety and interest of the society, state, minded; liberal-souled. Libertinage (lib'er-tin-āj), n. Undue free

or nation. Civil liberty is an exemption from Liberal (lil'ér-al), n. An advocate of freedom dom of opinions or conduct; license.

the arbitrary will of others, secured by estabfrom restraint, especially in politics and reli

A growing libertinage, which disposed them to lished laws, which restrain every man from

think slightly of the Christian faith. Warburton. gion; a member of that party which advo

injuring or controlling another. Hence the cates progressive reform, especially in the

Libertine (lib'er-tin), n. (L. libertinus, from restraints of law are essential to civil liberty. direction of conferring more power on the

liber, free.) 1. Among the Romans, a freed --Political liberty, a term sometimes used people.

man; a person manumitted or set free from as synonymous with civil liberty. But it Liberalism (lib'ér-al-izm), n. Liberal prin

legal servitude.-2. One unconfined; one free more properly designates the liberty of a ciples; the principles or practice of Liberals; from restraint.

nation, the freedom of a nation or state from freedom from narrowness or bigotry, espe

When he speaks,

all unjust abridgment of its rights and in

The air, a charter'd libertine, is still. Shak. cially in matters of religion or politics.

dependence by another nation. Hence we 3. One who indulges his lust without re often speak of the political liberties of They show that our forefathers had not learned our modern affectation of a liberalism so COSINO.

straint; one who leads a dissolute, licentious Europe, or the nations of Europe. - Relipolitan as to shrink from celebrating in the loftiest

life; a rake; a debauchee. -4.1 One who gious liberty, the free right of adopting and strains, the greatness, the glory, and the happiness holds loose views with regard to the laws of enjoying opinions on religious subjects, and of England.

Sir 3. Stephen. religion or morality; an irreligious person. of worshipping the Supreme Being accordLiberalist (lib'er-al-ist), n. A liberal.

5. One of a sect of heretics in Holland, who ing to the dictates of conscience, without Liberalistic (lib'er-al-ist"ik), a. Relating

maintained that nothing is sinful but to external control.-- Liberty of the press, freeto or characterized by liberalism; conform

those who think it sinful, and that perfect dom from any restriction on the power to ing to liberal principles.

innocence is to live without doubt. They publish books; the free power of publishing Liberality (lib-er-al'i-ti), n. (L. liberalitas; rejected all the customs and decencies of what one pleases, subject only to punishFr. libéralité. See LIBERAL.) 1. The quality

life, and advocated a community of goods ment for abusing the privilege, or publishof being liberal: (a) disposition to give and of women.

ing what is mischievous to the public or in) largely; the habit of giving largely; munifi That the Scriptures do not contain in them all things jurious to individuals. - Cap of liberty, a cence; bounty; generosity.

necessary to salvation is the fountain of many great cap or hat used as a symbol of liberty. In

and capital errors: I instance in the whole doctrine That libcrality is but cast away

ancient times the manumitted slaves put of the libertines, familisis, quakers, and other enthuWhich makes us borrow what we cannot pay. siasts, which issue in the corrupted fountain.

on what was termed the Phrygian cap, in Denham.

Fer. Taylor. token of their freedom. In modern times, (6) Largeness of mind; catholicity; that 6.1 A freeman of an incorporate town or city. a red cap worn by French revolutionaries. comprehensiveness of mind which includes And used ine like a fugitive, an inmate in a town, --- Leave, Liberty, License. See under LEAVE. other interests besides its own, and duly

That is no city libertine, nor capable of their gown. Libethenite (li-beth'en-it), n. The hydrous estimates in its decisions, the value or im

Chapman. portance of each; impartiality; as, it is Libertine (lib'er-tin), a. (Fr. libertin, licen

phosphate of copper, a mineral first found evidence of a noble mind to judge of men tious; L. libertinus, from libertus, one made

at Libethen in Hungary, having an olive

green colour, and consisting of phosphoric and things with liberality.

free, from liber, free.) Licentious; dissolute;
not under the restraint of law or religion; Libidinist (li-bid'in-ist), n.

acid, oxide of copper, and water. Many treat the gospel with indifference under the

One given to name of liberality.

5. N. Mason.
as, libertine principles. A libertine life.'

lewdness. (Rare.)
Bacon.
2. A particular act of generosity; a donation; Libertinism (libér-tin-izm), n. 1. State or

Vero, being monstrous incontinent himself, verily a gratuity: in this sense it has the plural

believed that all men were most foul libid nists. condition of being a libertine or freedman.

Funnus. number; as, a prudent man is not impover

[Rare.) ished by his liberalities.

Libidinosity (li-bid'in-os"'i-ti), n. The state

Dignified with the title of freeman, and denied the Liberalize (lib'er-al-iz), v. t. pret. & pp. libertinism that belongs to it.

Hammond.

or quality of being libidinous; libidinousliberalized; ppr. liberalizing. To render

ness. 2. The state or conduct of a libertine or rake: Libidinous (li-bid'in-us), a. (L. libidinosur, liberal or catholic; to enlarge; to free from licentiousness; unrestrained indulgence of narrow views or prejudices.

from libido, lubido, lust, from libet, lubet, lust; debauchery; lewdness.-3. + IrreligiousGrand, swelling sentiments of liberty I am sure I

it pleases.) Characterized by lust or lewddo not despise. They warm the heart, they enlarge ness; carelessness for the dictates of mor

ness ; having an eager appetite for sexual and liberalize our minds; they aniinate our courage ality.

indulgence; fitted to excite lustful desire ; in a time of conflict.

Burke.

That spirit of religion and seriousness vanished all at once, and a spirit of liberty and liberfinism, of

lustful; lewd. Wanton glances and libidLiberally (lib'er-al-li), adv. In a liberal

infidelity and profaneness, started up in the room inous thoughts.' Bentley.-SYN. Lewd, lustmanner: (a) bountifully; freely; largely;

Atterbury. ful, lascivious, unchaste, impure, sensual, with munificence.

Liberty (lib'er-ti), n. [L. libertas, from licentious, lecherous. If any of you lack wisdom, let him ask of God, that liber, free; Fr. liberté.] 1. The state or con Libidinously (li-bid'in-us-li), adv. In a ligiveth to all inen liberally, and upbraideth not. dition of one who is free ; exemption from bidinous manner; with lewd desire; lust

Jam. i. 5. (6) With generous and impartial regard to restraint; power of acting as one pleases;

fully; lewdly. freedom.

Libidinousness (li-bid'in-us-nes), 11. The other interests than our own; with enlarged

'Tis liberty alone that gives the flower

state or quality of being libidinous; lustviews; without selfishness or meanness; as, Of fleeting life its lustre and perfume. Couper. fulness; lewdness.

of it.

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