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splitting the bark of trees; by their slender separated from the whole, in any manner; Piecemeal (pēs'mēl), n. A fragment; a tongue, armed near the tip with spines that as, to break, tear, cut in pieces; to dash a small piece. Some few piecemeals excepted.' curve backwards; and by their tail, composed thing to pieces.

Rice Vaughan. of ten quills, with stiff and elastic stems, Such implements of mischief, as shall dash Piecemealedt (pēs'mēld), a. Divided into

To pieces and o'erwhelm whatever stands

small pieces. Cotgrave. Adverse.


Piecener (pēs'nėr), n. One who supplies the 2. A part of anything, though not separated rolls of wool to the slubber in the woollen or separated only in idea; not the whole; manufacture. a portion. Call to mind a piece of a Latin Piecer (pēs'ér), n. One that pieces; a patcher; poet or historian.' Addison. --3. A thing con a boy or girl employed in a spinning factory sidered separately, whether regarded as a to join broken threads. part of a whole or as complete in itself. Piecework (pēs'werk), n. Work done and

His own spirit is as unsettled a piece as there is in paid for by the measure of quantity, or by all the world.

Coleridge. previous estimation and agreement, in con4. A definite quantity or portion of certain tradistinction to work done and paid for by things; as, (a) a definite quantity of cloth, the measure of time. measuring a certain number of yards accord Pied (pid), a.. (From pie, magpie.] Partying to its kind. A piece of muslin is 10 yds.; coloured; variegated with spots of different of calico, 28 yds.; of Irish linen, 25 yards; of colours; spotted. We now apply the word Hanoverian linen, 100 double ells, or 128

chiefly or wholly to animals which are yards. Simmonds. (b) A definite quantity of marked with large spots of different colours. paper-hangings, containing about 63 super If the spots are small, we use speckled. ficial feet. French papers, however, vary in

This distinction was not formerly observed, length and breadth, according to quality.

and in some cases pied is elegantly used to A distinct portion of labour; work pro express a diversity of colours in small spots.

duced; as, a piece of work.-To work by the Daisies pied and violets blue.' Shak. MeaPicus major (Great Spotted Woodpecker). piece, to work by the measure of quantity, dows trim with daisies pied.' Milton.

and not by the measure of time. 'Recourse Pied cattle are spotted in their tongues. Bacon. which acts as a prop in supporting them was had to working by the piece.' J. S. Mill. while climbing. From the structure and 6. An artistic or literary composition; as, to

Piedness (pid'nes), r. The state of being position of their toes—two forward and two write a piece of poetry or prose; a piece of

pied; diversity of colours in spots. Shak. behind, each armed with a strong hooked

[Fr. pidéouche, music; a finely painted piece;' a piece of Piedouche (pya-dösh), n. claw—they are naturally climbers, and wan statuary.

from the It. peduccio, console, corbel.] In der over trees in every direction, rapidly Whoever thinks a faultless piece to see,

arch. a bracket, pedestal, or socle, serving to tapping the bark with their beaks to dis Thinks what ne'er was, nor is, nor e'er shall be.

support a bust, candelabrum, or other orPope.

nament. cover the place where an insect is lodged, and insinuating their long tongue into its

7. A coin; as, a piece of eight; a fourpenny Piedpoudre (pya-pö-dr), n. See PIEPOUDRE. cracks and crevices to obtain the larvæ or

piece. - 8. A gun or single firearm; as, a Piedroit (pyà-drwä), n.' (Fr. pied-droit=L. eggs on which they feed. The noise they

field piece; a fowling piece. A piece of pes directus, lit. straight-foot.) In arch, a make when striking the bark is heard at a

ordnance 'gainst it I have placed.' Shak. pier or square pillar, partly hid within a considerable distance, and gives them the

9. In her. an ordinary or charge. The fesse, wall. It differs from a pilaster in having name of woodpeckers. They pass most of

the bend, the pale, the bar, the cross, the neither base nor capital. Gwilt. their time in a solitary manner, living in the

saltier, the chevron, are called honourable Piel (pēl), n. A wedge for boring stones. depths of forests. The P. viridis, or green

pieces.-10. An individual regarded as em Simmonds. woodpecker, is the best known species in

bodying and exhibiting some abstract qual. Pieledt (péld), a. [See PEEL.] Bald; bare. Britain as well as on the Continent. P.

ity; an individual regarded as one of a Pieman (pi'man), n. A man who makes and major, medius, and minor are likewise

class. Thy mother was a piece of virtue.' sells pies. European species. P. principalis, or the Shak,

Piend (pēnd), n. [Dan. pind, a pin or peg; ivory-billed woodpecker, P. auratus, or

I had a wife, a passing princely piece,

G. pinne, the piend of a hammer.] The sharp American gold-winged woodpecker, are

Which far did pass that gallant girl of Greece. point or edge of a mason's or other ham

Mir. for Mags.

mer. birds, the latter being by some naturalists 11. An individual, as possessing only a slight Pie-plant (pi/plant), n.

Written also Peen and Pane.

A name sometimes assigned to the genus Colaptes (C. auratus). degree of a quality: used generally in conPiddie (pidl), v.1. (A form of peddle (which

given to garden rhubarb from its being used tempt. If I had not been a piece of a logisee).] 1. To deal in trifles; to spend time in

for pies. cian.'

Sir P. Sidney.-12. t. A cask or vessel Piepoudre, Plepowder (pi'pou-der), n. (Fr. trifling objects; to attend to trivial concerns, of wine. Beau. & Fl.-A-piece. See APIECE. or the small parts rather than to the main.

pied, foot, and poudreux, dusty, from pou-Of a piece, like; of the same sort, as if "Too precise, too curious, in piddling thus

dre, dust. See POWDER.) An ancient court taken from the same whole; as, they seemed about the imitation of others.' Ascham.

of record in England, once incident to every all of a piece. Often followed by with. [Obsolete or provincial.)-2. To pick at

fair and market, of which the steward of

The poet must be of a piece with the spectators to table; to eat squeamishly or without appe

him whoowned or had the toll was the judge. gain reputation.

Dryden. tite. Swift.-3. To make water; to urinate:

It was instituted to administer justice for a childish word. -To give a piece of one's mind, to state

all commercial injuries done in that very Piddler (pid'ler), n. One who piddles.

bluntly an opinion to one's face--generally fair or market, and not in any preceding one. Piddock (pid'ok), n. A boring mollusc of the

uncomplimentary. 'In a majestic tonelhe Piepowdered (pi'pou-derd), a. (See above.]

told that officer a piece of his mind.' Thackgenus Pholas or family Pholadidæ (which

Having dusty feet. (Rare.] eray. see). Ple (pi), n. (From the Celtic; comp. Ir. pighe, Piece (pēs), v.t. pret. & pp. pieced; ppr.

One day two peasants arrived in the Eschenheimer

Gasse pie powdered, having walked many miles from piecing. 1. To mend by the addition of a the Polish backwoods. a pie.] 1. An article of food consisting of

West. Rev. piece; to patch; as, to piece a garment. Pier (pēr), n. (O.Fr. pere, piere, a stone, paste baked with something in it or under it, as apples, minced meat, &c.

Here and there pieced with packthread.'
Shak.-2. To enlarge or increase; to add to;

Mod. Fr. pierre, from L. and Gr. petra, a Mincing of meat in pies saveth the grinding of the to complete. Will piece her opulent throne

stone.] 1. In arch. (a) the solid parts beteeth. Bacon.

tween openings in a wall, such as the door, with kingdoms.' Shak.-3. To unite; to join; 2. A mound or pit for preserving potatoes,

windows, &c. (6) The square or otherwise to cement. &c.; a compost-heap.-3. In printing, a

formed mass or post to which a gate is hung.

Dr. Preston carried it clear at the first, by dividing mass of types confusedly mixed or unsorted.

(c) The solid support from which an arch his adversaries; who, perceiving their error, pieced Pie (pi), n. (Fr. pie, from L. pica, a magpie.) themselves together in a joint opposition against him.

springs. (d) In medieval arch. a large pillar 1. The magpie. Chattering pies in dismal

Fuller. or shaft. —Pier arch, an arch springing from discords sung.' Shak.-2. A prating gossip

-To piece out, to extend or enlarge by ad a pier or pillar.–2. In engin. (a) one of the or tell-tale. Chaucer.

dition of a piece or pieces; to make full or supports of the arches of a bridge.- AbutPie (pl), n. The old Roman Catholic ordin complete. Shak.

ment pier, the pier of a bridge next the ary, a table or directory for devotional ser

Piece (pēs), v.i. pret. pieced; ppr. piecing. shore." (0) A mole or jetty carried out into vices. Also called Pica (which see). --Cock

To unite by a coalescence of parts; to be the sea, intended to serve as an embankand pie, a minced oath consisting of an adcompacted, as parts into a whole.

ment to protect vessels from the open sea, juration of the Divine Being under a cor It pieced better and followed more close upon the to form a harbour, &c. (c) A projecting rupted name, and the Roman Catholic serbruit of Plantagenet's escape.

quay, wharf, or landing-place. vice-book.

Piece-goods (pēs gödz), Goods generally Pierage (pērāj), n. Toll paid for using a By cock and pie, sir, you shall not away to-night. sold by the piece, as cottons, shirtings, &c.

pier. Shak. Pieceless (pēs'les), a. Not made of pieces; Pierce (pērs), v.t. pret. & pp. pierced; ppr. Piebald (pi’bald), a.. [From pie, a magpie, consisting of an entire thing. Donne. piercing. (Fr. percer, to pierce: origin quite and bald, spotted with white; Armor. bal, a Piecelyt (pēs'li), adv. In pieces; piecemeal. uncertain.] 1. To stab or transfix with a white spot on the face of an animal. See Huloet.

pointed instrument; as, to pierce the body BALD.) 1. Having spots or patches of white Piece-master (pēs'mas-tér), n. A middle with a sword or spear. and black or other colour; having patches man coming between an employer and the If Percy be alive I'll pierce him. Shak. of various colours; party-coloured; pied; as, employed. Mayhew.

2. To penetrate; to enter in any manner; a piebald horse. In a piebald livery of Piecemeal (pēs'mēl), adv. [Piece, and suffix coarse patches and borrowed shreds.' Locke. -meal, A. Sax. -mælum, by parts.] 1. In

to force a way into; as, a column of troops Hence – 2. Diversified; mixed; heterogen pieces; in fragments. On which it piece

pierced the main body of the enemy; a shot eous; mongrel. meal broke.' Chapman. -2. By pieces; by

pierced the ship.
Piece (pēs), n. [Fr. pièce, Pr. peza, It. pezza,
little and little in succession. "Piecemeal

Steed threatens steed in high and boastful neighs
Piercing the night's dull ear.

Shak. from L.L petium, a piece, probably from they win this acre first, then that.' Pope. the Celtic: W. peth, Armor. pez, Gael. pios, Piecemeal (pēs'mēl), a. Single; separate; 3. To affect; to touch; to move deeply. 'Did a piece, a morsel, a fragment. Diez prefers made of parts or pieces. The common your letters pierce the queen. to take it from Gr. peza, a foot, edge, bor piecemeal written parts in the playhouse.' 4. To dive or penetrato into, as into a secret der.) 1. A fragment or part of anything Pope.

or purpose.








Pierce (pērs), v.i. pret. pierced; ppr. pierc- Piffero (pif'e-ro), n. [It., a fife.] The old GER-PIGEON, POWTER, and also COLUMBACEI

ing. 1. To enter, as a pointed instrument. form of the oboe, still in use in some dis 2. A simpleton; a gull; a person swindled by 2. To penetrate; to force a way into or tricts of Italy and the Tyrol.

gamblers: a slang term, opposed to rook. through anything; as, the shot pierced Pig (pig), n. [D. brg, bigge, L. G. bigge, a pig: through the side of the ship.-3. To enter; connections unknown.] 1. The young of to dive or penetrate, as into a secret. swine, male or female; also applied gener

She would not pierce further into his meaning than ally to swine.—2. The flesh of a pig; swine himself should declare.

Sir P. Sidney flesh; pork. Pierceable (pērs'a-bl), a. Capable of being Now pig it is a meat, and a meat that is nourishing. pierced. Spenser.

B.Jonson. Pierced (pērst), pp. 1. Penetrated; entered 3. An oblong mass of unforged iron, lead, or by force; perforated. — 2. In her, applied to other metal. In the process of smelting, any bearing which is perforated, so as to the principal channel along which the metal show the field under it.

in a state of fusion runs, when let out of the Piercel (pērs'el),

n. An instrument for form furnace, is called the sow, and the lateral ing vents in casks; a piercer.

channels or moulds are denominated pigs ; Piercer (pērs'ér), n. 1. An instrument that whence the iron in this state is called pigpierces, penetrates, or bores; specifically,

iron. an instrument used in making eyelets; a A hackney-coach may chance to spoil a thought, piercel; a stiletto.-2. One that pierces or And then a nodding beam or pig of lead, perforates.-3. In entom. that organ of an in

God knows, may hurt the very ablest head. Pope. sect with which it pierces bodies; the ovi -A pig in a poke, a blind bargain; somepositor: formerly known as the terebra. thing the quality or value of which is not The hollow instrument terebra, we may English known or seen. – To bring one's pigs to a

Turkish or Mawmet Pigeon (Columba livia, var. piercer.

pretty market, to make a very bad bargain,

turcica), Piercingly (pērs'ing-li), adv. In a piercing or to manage anything in a very bad way. manner; with penetrating force or effect; Pig's whisper, slang for a low or inaudible Hence, to pluck a pigeon, to strip a greensharply. whisper; also, a short space of time. “You'll

horn of his money. - Pigeon English, a conPiercingness (pērs’ing-nes), n. The power find yourself in bed in something less than

glomeration of English and Portuguese of piercing or penetrating; sharpness; keen a pig's whisper.' Dickens.

words wrapped in a Chinese idiom, used by ness. Pig (pig), v. t. or i. 1. To bring forth pigs; to

English and American residents in China in We contemplate the vast reach and compass of bring forth in the manner of pigs.-2. To their intercourse with the native traders. our understanding, the prodigious quickness and act as pigs; to live or huddle as pigs. 'Pigpiercingness of its thought.

The term has been conjectured to be for Derham.

ging together, heads and points, in the business English. Pier-glass (pēr'glas), n. A mirror or glass

same truckle-bed.' Burke. hanging between windows.

strip of money by the arts of gambling. Pierian (pi-è'ri-an), a. of or belonging to Pig (pis), n. (Contr. from piggin (which is con (pii'on), v,t. To pluck; to fleece; to see).] An earthen vessel; any article of

[Slang. the Pierides or Muses. "The Pierian spring.' earthenware; a can for a chimney-top; a Pope.

Pigeon-berry (pij'on-be-ri), 7. The fruit of Pierides (pi-er'i-dēz), n. pl. [L.) A name of Pigacia (pi-gā'si-a), 1.

potsherd. [Scotch.)

the pocan or Virginian poke (Phytolacca

A the nine Muses, who were so called from

decandra), used as a remedy for some forms pointed shoe worn in the

of chronic rheumatism. Pieria, near Mount Olympus, where they middle ages, having the were first worshipped among the Thracians.

Pigeon-breasted (pij-on-brest'ed), a. Hav

point made, it is said, like Pieris (pi'er-is), n. A genus of diurnal lepi

ing a breast like a pigeon, caused by the a scorpion's tail. The

curvature of the vertebral column forwards. dopterous insects. P. cratægi is the blackterm was also applied to

The veined white or hawthorn butterfly.

Pigeon - express (pij'on-eks-pres), n. a pointed sleeve. Pierrie,t n. See PERRIE. Chaucer.

conveyance of intelligence, or the intelliPig - bed (pig'bed), n. The Pigacia.

gence conveyed, by means of a carrierPier - table (pēr’tā-bl), n. A table placed bed or series of moulds between windows.


formed of sand into which iron is run from Pigeon-hearted (pij'on-härt-ed), a. Timid; Piet (pilet), n. [A dim. from pie, a magpie. the blast-furnace and cast into pigs. See PIE.] A magpie. Written also Piot and Pig-boiling (pig boil-ing), n. The decarbon

easily frightened. Such pigeon-hearted Pyot. [Obsolete and Scotch. ]

people.' Beau, & Fl.

ization of pig-iron by contact with oxidized Pigeon-hole (pij'on-hol), n. 1. One of the Pietism (pi'et-izm), n. The principles or compounds of iron, whereby carbonic oxide holes in a dove-cot where the pigeons go in

practice of the Pietists; extremely strict is produced below the surface of the molten devotion, or affectation of piety.

and out. —2. A little compartment or divimetal, and in escaping causes the appear sion in a case for papers. Pietist (pi'et-ist), n. A designation given ance of ebullition or boiling.' Called also Abbé Sieyes has whole nests of pigeon-holes full since the end of the seventeenth century to Wet-puddling.

of constitutions already made, ticketed, sorted, and a religious party in Germany who proposed


Burke. to revive declining piety in the Reformed Pigeon (pijon), n., [Fr. pigeon, Walloon

pivion, It. piccione, from L. pipio, pipionis, 3. pl. An old English game, in which balls Churches; hence, applied to one who makes a chirping bird, from pipio, to peep, to chirp, a display of strong religious feelings. The

were rolled through little cavities or arches. an imitative verb; comp. E. pipe, fife.] name of Pietist is the equivalent of Method

Threepence I lost at ninepins; but I got 1. One of the birds that form the family Six tokens towards that at pigeon-holes. Brome. ist in Britain, being taken in a good sense Columbidæ, sub-order Columbacei, and be- Pigeon-house (pij'on-hous), n. A dove-cot. or otherwise according to the sentiments of long to the genera Columba, Ectopistes, Pigeon-livered" (pij'on-liv-érd), a. Mild in the party using it.

Turtur, &c.; a dove, as the stock-dove, the Pietistic, Pietistical (pi-et-ist’ik, pi-et-ist'

temper; soft; gentle; pigeon-hearted. ring-dove, the turtle dove, and the migraik-al), a. Pertaining to the Pietists, or to tory or wild pigeon of America. The pi

I am pigeon-liver'd, and lack gall
To make oppression better.

Shak. those who make a display of strong religious geons are one of the most numerous, the Pigeon-pea (pij'on-pē), n. See ANGOLA-PEA. feeling. Pietra - dura (pi-et'ra-doʻra), n. [It., hard

spects the most interesting families of the Pigeonry (pij'on-ri), n. A place for keeping stone.) A name given to the finest Florenfeathered race. They may be considered

pigeons; a dove-cot. tine mosaic-work executed in coloured

as among the greatest consumers of the Pigeon -toed (pij'on-tod), a. Having the stones, as jasper, carnelian, amethyst, &c., fruits of the earth. They are all almost

toes turned in. representing fruit, birds, &c., in relief, and

exclusively vegetable feeders, and very vo Pigeon - wood (pij'on-wyd), n. Same as generally used as a decoration for coffers

Zebra-wood. racious. Notwithstanding their numbers, or the panels of cabinets. Piety (pi'e-ti), n. [L. pietas, from pius, pious.

their general distribution, and the proverbPig-eyed (pig'id), a. Having small sunken ial kindness of their dispositions, only one Piggery (pig'er-i), .

eyes; having eyes like those of swine. Pity is a different form of the same word.] 1. Veneration or reverence of the Supreme

A place with sties species has been domesticated, the tame pigeon and all its beautiful varieties de

and other accompaniments allotted to pigs. Being and love of his character, or venera riving their origin, it is believed, from the Piggin (pig'in), n. [Gael. pigean, Ir. pigin,

Piggesnie, n. See PIGSNIE. Chaucer. tion accompanied with love; also, the exercise of these affections in obedience to his

an earthen pitcher.) A small wooden vessel will and devotion to his service.

with an erect handle. "Wooden piggins.'

Piety is the only proper and adequate relief of de-
caying man.

Piggish (pig'ish), a. Relating to or like pigs; 2. Filial reverence; reverence of parents or

swinish. Quart. Rev. friends, accompanied with affection and de

Pig-headed (pig hed-ed), a. 1. Having a head votion to their honour and happiness. “The

like a pig; having a large, ill-shaped head. piety which to my country I was judged to

2. Stupidly obstinate. have shewn.' Milton.

You should be some dull tradesman by your pig.

headed sconce now. (Pope's) filial piety excels

B. Fonsor. Whatever Grecian story tells. Swift.

Pig-headedness (pig-hed'ed-nes), n. The Religion, Devotion, Piety, Sanctity. See

quality of being pig-headed, or of being obunder RELIGION.

stinately stupid. De Quincey. Piezometer (pi-e-zom'et-ér), n. [Gr. piező, Fan-tail Pigeon (Columba livia, var. laticauda).

Pight (pit), pret. and pp. [From pitch, to press, and metron, measure.] 1. An in

0. E. picche, a softened form of pick, pike.] strument for ascertaining the compressibil- rock-pigeon (Columba livia). These varie

1. Pitched. * Your vile abominable tents, ity of water, and the degree of such com ties are distinguished by names expressive thus proudly pight upon our Phrygian pressibility under any given weight. -2. An of their several most prominent character plains.' Shak.-2. Fixed; determined. instrument consisting essentially of a verti istics, such as the carrier-pigeon, fan-tail, When I dissuaded him from his intent, cal tube inserted into a water-main, to show pouter, shaker, tumbler, cropper, runt, &c.

And found him pight to do it. Shak. the pressure of the fluid at that point, by The Turkish pigeon is another variety. In Pig-iron (pigʻi-érn), n. Iron in pigs, as it the height to which it ascends in the tube their wild state pigeons live generally in comes from the smelting furnace. See of the piezometer. flocks, and they pair for life. See PASSEN





Pig-lead (pigʻled), n. Lead in pigs, as when shaft or staff with a flat steel head pointed. Pilasters originated in the Grecian antæ. first extracted from the ore. See PIG.

It was used among infantry soldiers from In Roman architecture they were sometimes Pigmean (pig-mē'an), a. Same as Pygmean. the reign of Edward IV. to that of George II., tapered like columns, and finished with Pigment (pigʻment), n. [L. pigmentum, when it was superseded by the bayonet. See capitals modelled after the order with which

from the stem of pingo, to paint.) 1. Paint; SPONTOON. -2. A central spike sometimes they were used. any substance used by painters, dyers, &c., used in targets, to which it was affixed by Pilastered (pi-las'térd), a. Furnished with to impart colours to bodies. —2. In physiol. means of a screw. Shak.-3. A fork used in pilasters. the colouring matter found in animal and husbandry; a pitchfork.

Pilau, Pilaw (pils), n. A pillau. 'Curries, plant bodies, such as the mucous secretion A rake to rake up the fitches that lie,

pilaws, and pipes.' Thackeray. See PILLAU. which covers the iris of the eye, and gives A pike for to pike them up handsome to drie. Pilch (pilch), n. [A. Sax. pylca, pylece, a

Tusser. it its various colours. — 3. Highly spiced wine sweetened with honey; piment. Sir 4. A large cock of hay. (Provincial English.]

furred garment, from L. L. pellicea. See PE5. A pointed peak, hill, or mountain sum

LISSE.] 1. A coat or cloak of skins or fur. W. Scott.

Planche. mit: generally used along with some parPigmental (pig-ment'al), a. Pertaining to ticular designation, as Langdale Pikes, High

I'll beat five pounds out of his leather pilch. pigments.

Dekker. Pike. "That tall pike.' Wordsworth. [North 2. A flannel cloth for an infant. Pigmentary (pig-ment'a-ri), a. Pertaining to pigments; furnished with pigments. Edin.

of England. 16. In turning, a point or cen- | Pilchard (pil'shärd), n. [Probably a Cornish

tre on which to fasten anything to be turned. Rev. Pigment-cell (pig'ment-sel), n. In physiol.

Hard wood, prepared for the lathe with rasping,

they pitch between the pikes. Fos. Moxon. a small cell containing colouring matter, as in the choroid coat of the eye, the skin of

7. A spike; the pointed end of anything. the toad, cuttle-fish, &c.

It was ordained in the Parliament of Westminster, Pigmentous (pig-ment'us), a. Pigmentary

anno 1463. ... 'that no man weare shoes or boots

having pikes passing two inches in length.' Bryant. Dunglison. Pigmy (pig'mi), n. and a. See PYGMY.

8. In ich. a fish of the genus Esox, belonging Pigneratet (pig'nėr-át), v.t. [L. pignero,

to the malacopterygious abdominal fishes, pigneror. See PIGNORATION.] 1. To pawn;

so named from its long shape or from the to pledge; to mortgage. — 2. To take in form of its snout. It is a fresh-water fish,

Pilchard (Clupea pilchardus). pawn, as a pawnbroker. Blount.

living in deep water, and very voracious, Pignon (pēn'yon), n. [Fr. pignon, from L. but becomes palatable food. The common word; comp. Ir. pilseir, a pilchard; W. pil. pinus, the pine.] An edible seed of the cones pike (Esox lucius) abounds in most of the cod, a minnow.) A fish of the family Cluof certain pine-trees.

lakes of Europe. The pike, the tyrant of peidæ (Clupea pilchardus, or Alausa pil. Pignoration (pig-nėr-ā'shon), n. [L. pig.

the flood.' Pope. .- Sea pike, a name given chardus), resembling the herring, but thicker noratio, pigneratio, a pledging, pignero, to

to the garfish. Bony pike. See LEPIDOSTEUS. and rounder; the nose is shorter and turns pledge, from pignus, pignoris or pigneris, a

up; the under jaw is shorter, the back more pledge.] 1. The act of pledging or pawning.

elevated, and the belly less sharp. These 2. In the civil law, the taking of cattle doing

fishes appear on the Cornish coast in Eng

land about the middle of July in immense damage, as security, till satisfaction is made. Pignorative (pig'nėr-at-iv), a. Pledging;

numbers, and furnish a considerable article

of commerce. Fools are as like husbands pawning. Bouvier. (Rare.) Pignus (pigʻnus), n. (L.) In law, a pledge

as pilchards are to herrings.' Shak. or security for a debt or demand.

Pilche, t n. (See PILCH.] A garment of skins, Pignut (pig'nut), n. 1. The root of a plant,

usually furred; a pilch. Chaucer.

Pulchert (pilch'ér),,n. Bunium flexuosum. See EARTH-NUT.

1. A pilch. Hanmer.

2. A pilchard. Milton.—3. A scabbard. I with my long nails will dig thee pignuts. Shak.

Will you pluck your sword out of this pilcher by 2. A North American tree, the broom hick

Common Pike (Esox lucius).
the ears.

Shak. ory (Carya porcina), and its fruit.

Pilcrow (pil'krő), N. (A somewhat remarkPigotite (pig'ot-it), n. (After the Rev. Mr. 9. A contraction of Turnpike; a toll-bar. able corruption of paragraph.] In printing, Pigot.) A brownish - yellow mineral con


a paragraph mark, thus 1. taining alumina and organic matter, found Pike (pik), v.t. To pick; to make bare; to

Pile (pil), n. [Partly from A. Sax. pil, a heap, incrusting certain caves. It is formed by pilfer; to cull; to select. (Scotch.)

a wooden pile or stake, partly from Fr. pile, the decomposing organic matter of the vege- Pike, v.t. [See PICK, PITCH, PIKE, n.]

a heap, a pier, a voltaic pile; both from L tation above being conveyed in solution in 1. To pitch.-2. To pick, as a hawk does his

pila, a pier or mole of stone, a pillar.) 1. A water into the cracks and fissures of the feathers.3. To steal.-4. To peep. Chaucer. cavern, where it comes in contact with the Piked (pikt), a. Furnished with a pike;

heap; a mass or collection of things in an

elevated form; as, a pile of stones; a pile of alumina of the rocks. It is found in granite ending in a point; acuminated.

bricks; a pile of wood or timber; a pile of caverns in Cornwall, and in serpentine cav Their shoes and pattens are snouted and piked ruins.

more than a finger long.

Camden. erns near Portsoy in Banffshire.

What piles of wealth hath he accumulated Pig-pen (pig'pen), n. A pen for pigs; a Plke-devant (pik-de-vant), n. [O.E. pike, To his own portion.

Shak, pigsty.

peak, Fr. pique, and devant, before.) A Pig-skin (pig'skin), n. 1. The skin of a pig, beard cut to a sharp point in the middle, so

-To make one's pile, to make one's fortune. especially when prepared for saddlery, bind as to form a peak or pike below the chin.

[American.] - 2. A regularly formed mass, ing, or other purposes. -2. A saddle. This fashion is seen in most of the portraits

as a heap of shot or shell piled up by horiHe was my governor, and no better master ever of Charles I.

zontal courses in a pyramidal, wedge-like, sat in pig-skin.


And here I vow by my concealed beard, if ever it or other forms; a collection of combustibles

chance to be discovered to the world, that it may arranged for burning a dead body. Pigsnie,+ Pigsnyet (pigz'ni), n. [That is, make a pike-devant, I will have it so sharp pointed

Woe to the bloody city, I will even make the pile pig's eye; nye is for eye, O.E. ye, as negg for that it shall stab Motto like a poynado. Lyly. for fire great.

Ezek. xxiv. 9. egg.] 1. A word of endearment to a girl. Pike-headed (pik' hed-ed), a. Having 3. In iron-working, same as Faggot, 2.

Miss, mine own pigsnie, thou shalt have news of sharp-pointed head.
Sir P. Sidney.

4. A large building or mass of buildings; an Pikelet, Pikelin (pik'let, pīklin), n. A light

edifice; as, a noble pile; a venerable pile. 2. The eye of a woman. Hudibras. Written cake or muffin.

The Goree, a vast pile of warehouses close to one also Piggesnie.

He crumpled up his broad face like a half-toasted

of the docks, was burned to the ground. Pigsty (pig'stī), n. A sty or pen for pigs. pikelet. Anna Seward.

De Quincey. Pigtail (pigʻtál), n. 1. The tail of a pig: - Pikeman (pīk'man), n.

5. In elect. a series of plates of two dissimilar 2. A queue or cue; the hair of the head tied 1. A soldier armed with a

metals, such as copper and zinc, laid one in the form of a pig's tail. pike.-2. A miner work

above the other alternately, with cloth or Should we be so apt as we are now to compassion ing with a pike or crow

paper placed between each pair, moistened ate the misfortunes, and to forgive the inconsistency bar. Disraeli.-3. Turn

with an acid solution, for producing a curof Charles I., if his pictures had portrayed him in a pikeman. • The cheery

rent of electricity. (See VOLTAIC and GALbob-wig and a pig-tail I

Lord Lytton.
toot of the guard's horn,

VANISM.) The term is sometimes used as 3. Tobacco twisted into a long rope or cord. to warn some drowsy

synonymous with battery, for any form of . The tobacco he usually cheweth called pikeman or the ostler at

apparatus designed to produce a current of pigtail.' Swift. the next change.' T.

dynamic electricity. (See GALVANIC.) The Pigweed (pig'wēd), n. Same as Goosefoot. Hughes.

word is also applied to an apparatus for dePigwiggin, Pigwidgin (pig'wig-in, pig': Pikerel, n.

tecting slight changes of temperature. See wij-in), n. (Pigwiggin is the name of an elf pike. Chaucer.

THERMO-PILE.—6. In arch, and engin. piles in Drayton's Nymphidia;' but the origin of Pike-staff (pik'staf), n.

are beams, generally of timber, pointed at the name is doubtful; comp. W. pigoden, a 1. The staff or shaft of a

the end, driven into the soil for the support field-mouse.) A fairy; hence, a colloquial pike.-2. A long staff with

of some superstructure or to form part of a term for anything very small. Jeffrey. Also a sharp pike in the lower

wall, as of a coffer-dam or quay. For perused adjectively. end of it, carried in the

manent works piles are driven in loose or Pika (piska), n. The calling-hare (Lagomys), hand as a support in frosty

uncertain strata in rows, leaving a space a an animal nearly allied to the hares, and weather. As plain as a

faw feet in width between them, and upon forming the family Lagomydæ. It is found pike-staff.' Tatler.

the heads of the piles the foundations of in Russia, Siberia, and North America, and Pilaget (pīlāj), n. Same

the superstructure are erected. In tempois remarkable for the manner in which it as Pelage. Bacon.

rary constructions they are driven close tostores up its winter provision, and also for Pilaster (pi-las' tér), n.

gether in single or double rows, so as to its voice, the tone of which so much resem [Fr. pilastre, It. pilastro,

inclose a space of water and form a cofferbles that of a quail as to be often mistaken from L.pila,a pile, whence

dam, from which the water is subsequently for it. pillar.] A debased pillar; Pilaster.

pumped out, and thus a dry space is obPike (pik), n. (Fr. pique, a pike; closely a square pillar projecting

tained for laying the foundation of piers, allied to pick, peck. See PICK.) 1. A mili from a pier, or from a wall, to the extent of &c., in bridges and other similar works. tary weapon, consisting of a long wooden from one-quarter to one-third of its breadth. Iron piles are used for wharf walls and other

A young




purposes; they are hollow or tubular within, driving in piles. A common form shown in the Pufer (pil'fer), v.t. To steal or gain by petty and are cast in various forms.

cut consists of a large ram or block of iron, theft; to filch. The foundation of the church of Haarlem is sup

which slides between twoguide-posts. Being He would not pilfer the victory, and the defeat ported by wooden piles, as the houses in Amsterdam drawn up to the top, and then let fall from was easy.

Bacon. are.

Locke. a considerable height, it comes down on the Pilferer (pil'fér-ér), n. One who pilfers or -Pneumatic pile, one driven by atmo head of the pile with a violent blow. It spheric pressure when the air is exhausted may be worked by men or horses, or a steam

practises petty theft. from within it.-Screw pile, one with a screw engine. The most improved pile-driver is

To glory some advance a lying claim,
Thieves of renown,

and pilferers of fame. at the lower end, and sunk by rotation one in which the iron block is raised by

Young aided by pressure if necessary. See SHEET means of a steam-hoist and automatically Pulferingly (pil'fer-ing-li), adv. In a pilterPILE. – 7. In her, one of the lesser ordin detached on reaching the top.

ing manner; with petty theft; filchingly. aries, triangular in form, and issuing from Pile-dwelling (pildwel-ing), n. A dwelling Pulfery (pil'fér-i), n. 'he act of pilfering; the chief with the point downwards. When built on piles; a lake or lacustrine dwelling. petty theft. 'A piece of pilfery.' Sir R. borne plain it should contain one-third of the See under LACUSTRINE.

L'Estrange. chief in breadth, and if charged, two-thirds. Pule-engine (pil'en-jin), n. An engine for Pilgarlickt (pil gär-lik), n. [According to

-Per pile,a term used when the escutcheon driving down piles. See PILE-DRIVER. Wedgwood, 'one who peels garlick for others is divided by lines in the form of the pile. Pile-hoop (pil'höp), n. An iron band put to eat; one who is made to endure hardPlle (pil), v.t. pret. & pp. piled; ppr. piling, round the head of a timber pile to prevent ships while others are enjoying themselves.' 1. To lay or throw into a heap; to collect splitting.

According to a writer in Notes and Queries many things into a mass; to heap up; as, Pületform (pi'li-form), a. [L. pileus, a cap, garlic was a specific for leprosy, and as the to pile wood or stones. 'Or pile ten hills on and forma, shape.) Resembling a cap; pile lepers had to pil or peel their own garlic, the Tarpeian rock.' Shak.-2. To bring into ated.

the word pilgarlick became a synonym for an aggregate; to accumulate; as, to pile | Pulementt (pīl'ment), 1r. An accumulation. a leper. As leprosy denudes the head of quotations or comments. Bp. Hall,

hair, it is easy to see how a leper would Life piled on life

Pilentum (pi-len'tum), n. (L.) An easy kind come to be called a pilled garlic, and hence Were all too little.

Tennyson. of chariot used by the Roman ladies at games how the word came to have its two senses, 3. To drive piles into; to furnish, strengthen, and religious processions.

first of a bald, and then of a shunned person.) or support with piles. - To pile arms, in pileopsis (pi-lé-op'sis), n. (L. pileus, a cap, One who has lost his hair by disease; a poor military tactics, to place three muskets in and Gr. opsis, appearance.] A genus of mol forsaken wretch. such a relative position that the butts shall luscs, the shell of which is irregular, conical, Pugrim (pilgrim), n. (Direct from the L. remain firm upon the ground, and the muzzles with the apex more or less inclined, or G. or Scand. ; D. pelgrim, Dan. pilegrim, be close together in an oblique direction.

Sw. pelegrim, Icel. pílagrímr, same word To pile barley, to break off the awns of

as Fr. pelerin, It. pellegrino, all from L. threshed barley.

peregrinus, a wanderer, a traveller in foreign Plle (pil), n. (Fr.; origin unknown.] One

parts, a foreigner-per, through, and ager, side of a coin; originally, a punch or pun

land.] 1. A wanderer; a traveller; particucheon used in stamping figures on coins,

larly, one that travels to a distance from and containing the figures to be impressed.

his own country to visit a holy place, or to Hence the arms, or reverse, side of a coin

pay his devotion to the remains of dead is called the pile, as distinguished from the

saints. obverse, which formerly bore a cross in the

Like pilgrims to th' appointed place we tend; place of the head. Hence the game of cross

The world's an inn, and death the journey's end.

Dryden. and pile. See under CROSS.

Pileopsis ungarica (Foolscap Limpet). Pilef (pil), n. (D. pijl, Dan. pil, piil, Sw.

2. In Scrip. one who has only a temporary pil, G. pfeil, an arrow, from L. pilum, a spiral, and directed backwards. The cavity

residence on earth; one who lives in the javelin.) The head of an arrow; an arrow is deep, offering an impression

in form of a

world, but is not of the world. Heb. xi. 13. with a square head, used in a cross-bow; a horse-shoe, open anteriorly. The P. unga

Pilgrim (pilgrim), a. Relating to pilgrims; small javelin. rica, or foolscap limpet, is abundant on our

travelling When, on his haire-plumed helmet's crest, the dart own coasts.

Till morning fair

Came forth, with pilgrim steps, in amice gray. first smote, then ran Pileorhiza (pilē-7-ri"za), n. [L. pileus, a

Milton. Into his forehead, and there stucke the steele pile, cap, and Gr. rhiza, a root.] In bot. a cap or Pilgrim (pilgrim), v.i. To wander or ramble. making way


hood found at the end of some roots, and Quite through his skull.

(Rare.) distinct from the spongiole. Pile (pil), n. [O.Fr. peil, from L pilus, Plleous (pile-us), a. (From L. pilus, hair.]

The ambulo hath no certain home or diet, but pil.

grims up and down everywhere, feeding upon all hair.) 1.1 A hair; a fibre of wool, cotton, Pertaining to the hair; covered by or con sorts of plants.

Grow. and the like.--2. The nap, the fine hairy or woolly surface of cloth; also, the shag or Plle-plank (pil'plangk), n. One of a number sisting of hair; pilose.

A Temple and Seminary and Prophetic Mount,

whereto all kindreds of the Earth will pilgrim, hair on the skins of animals. Velvet soft,

Carlyle. of planks, about 9 inches broad and from 2 or plush with shaggy pile.' Cowper.

Pilgrimage (pilgrim-āj), n. 1. A journey Pleate, Pileated (pi'le-at, pīlē-at-ed), a.

to 4 inches thick, sharpened at their lower

undertaken by a pilgrim; a long journey, end, and driven with their edges close to(L. pileus, a cap.) 1. Having the form of a cap

particularly a journey to some place deemed gether into the ground in hydraulic works, or cover for the head. A pileated echinus

sacred and venerable for a devotional puras to make a coffer-dam. taken up with different shells of several

pose. kinds.' Woodward.-2. In bot. having a cap or

Piler (pil'ér), n. One who piles or forms a Mowbray and myself are like two men

heap. lid like the cap of a mushroom.

That vow a long and weary pilgrimage. Shak. Pile-cap (pil’kap), n. In hydraulic engin.

Piler,t n. [Fr. pilier.) A pillar; a column.

2. In Scrip. the journey of human life. Gen. a beam connecting the heads of piles.

xlvii. 9.-3. A time irksomely spent. Plle-carpet (pil-kärpet), n.

Piles (pilz), n. pl. (L. pila, a ball.) A disease

A carpet in which the looped weft is cut so as to form originating in the morbid dilatation of the In prison thou hast spent a pilgrimage,

Skak. veins of the lower part of the rectum, and

And, like a hermit, overpast thy days. a pile or downy surface. Pille-clamp (pil'klamp), n. In surg. an in

upon the verge of the anus, and frequently Pilgrimize (pilgrim-iz), v.i. pret. & pp. pil

caused by costiveness and irregularity of grimized; ppr. pilgrimizing. To wander strument for removing hemorrhoids.

alvine evacuations. The veins of the part about as a pilgrim. B. Jonson. Pile-driver (pil'driv-ér), n. 1. A workman

affected become turgid and varicose, often Pili (pilī), n. pl.. (L. pilus, a hair.). In bot. forming bleeding or ulcerated enlargements fine slender bodies, like hair, covering some and tumours; hemorrhoids.

plants. Pile-shoe (pilshö), n. The iron point of a Pilidium (pi-lid'i-um), n. pl. Pilidia (pi-lid'pile.

i-a). (L. pileus Pile-towert (pil'tou-ér), n. Same as Peel

(which see),and touer.

Gr. eidos, rePlletus (pi-lē'tus), n. (From L. pilum, a

semblance.] In javelin.) An arrow used in the middle

bot. the orbicuages, having a knob upon the shaft, near

larhemispherithe head, to prevent its penetrating too

cal shield of lideeply

chens, the outPlleus (pi'le-us), n. (L., from pilus, a hair.)

side of which 1. Among the Romans, a skuīl-cap of felt;

changes to a hat.-3. In bot. the cap or top of a mush

powder, as in room, supported by the stalk.

Calycium. Pile-warp (pil'warp), n. See NAP-WARP.

Pilidia of Lichen. Piliferous (piPilework (pil'werk), n. A term applied to

lif'er-us), a. (L. lacustrine dwellings. The age of the Swiss pilus, hair, and fero, I bear.) Bearing or pileworks.' Sir J. Lubbock.

producing hairs, as a leaf. Pile-worm (pil'wérm), n. A worm found in Piliform (pil'i-form), a. (L. pilus, a hair, piles or imbedded stakes.

and forma, shape.) Formed like or resemPileworn (pil'worn), a. Having the pile or bling down or hairs. nap worn off; threadbare. “Your pileworn Piligerous (pi-lij'ér-us), a. (L. pilus, hair, coat. Massinger.

and gero, to bear.) Bearing hair; covered
Pilewort (pil'wert), n. A British plant, Fi. with hair.
caria verna.

Piling-iron (pil'ing-i-érn), n. An instrument
Pulfer (pil'fer), v.i. (0.Fr. pelfrer, to plun for breaking off the awns of barley.

der, pelfre, goods, spoil, booty; comp. pelf, Pill (pil), n. [An abbrev. of L. pilula, a dim.

pelfrey (which see). ] To steal in small quan of pila, a ball.) 1. A little ball or small round whose occupation is to drive piles.—2. A tities; to practise petty theft. A pilfering mass of some medicinal substance or submachine or contrivance worked by steam for hand.' Dryden.

stances to be swallowed whole. - 2. Some




With grave

thing unpleasant that has to be metaphori saddle, the root being probably that of L. Pillowed (pillod), p. and a. 1. Provided with cally swallowed or accepted.

pilus, hair (whence pile, of cloth). Comp. a pillow or pillows.-2. In arch. a term apPill (pil), v.t. To dose with pills; to form pillow.] 1. A cushion for a woman to ride plied to a rounded frieze. Called also Pulinto pills. on behind a person on horseback.

pinated. Pill+ (pil), v.t. [Fr. piller, to pillage, from

Why can't you ride your hobby-horse without de

Pillow-lace (pillo-lās), n. Hand-made lace pilo, to plunder. See PEEL.] 1. To rob; to siring to place me on a pillion behind you?

worked on a small pillow or cushion. plunder. See PEEL.

Sheridan, Pillow-slip (pillo-slip), n. An outer cover

2. A pad; a low saddle. — 3. The pad of a The commons hath he pill'd with grievous taxes.

ing or case of linen or calico for a pillow. Shak,

saddle that rests on the horse's back.- Pillowy (pil'lő-1), a. Like a pillow; soft 2. To peel; to strip bare.

4. The head-dress of a priest.-5. In min “The pillowy silkiness.' Keats. Commons are always bare, pilled, and shorn, as

eral. the tin that remains in the slags after Pill-patet (pil'pāt), n. A shaven head; the sheep that feed upon them.

it is first melted.

hence, a friar or monk. Pilt (pil), v.i. 1. To be peeled; to come off

Pillorize (pil'lor-īz), v.t. To set in a pillory. Pill-tile (pil'til), n. A corrugated metal

Wood. in flakes.-2. To rob. See PEEL.

plate used by druggists for rolling pills on Pillory (pillo-ri), 1. [Fr. pilori, a pillory, so as to divide them accurately. The roller Pillaffe (pil'af), n. Same as Pillau.

Pr. espitlori, L.L. pilorium, spilorium, a has semicircular corrugations correspondPillage (pil'āj), n. [Fr. pillage, from piller,

pillory; origin uncertain. Wedgwood de ing to those of the plate. to rob. See PILL, 0.t.] 1. Plunder; spoil;

rives it from L. specularium, from specula, that which is taken from another by open

Pillworm (pil'wérm), 12. The popular name a look-out, a high place for observation, of the millipede, which can roll itself into force, particularly and chiefly from enemies connecting it with Cat. espitllera, a loop

a ball. in war. Which pillage they with merry

hole, a peep-hole; from L. speculum, a look Pillwort (pil'wert), n. An evergreen, trailmarch bring home.' Shak.-2. The act of

ing-glass.) A frame of wood erected on a ing cryptogamic plant of the genus Pilulaplundering. 'Pillage and robbery.' Shak.

post or pole, with movable boards resem ria. SYN. Plunder, rapine, spoil, depredation.

Called also Pepper-grass. See PILU

LARIA. Pillage (pil'āj), v.t. pret. & pp. pillaged;

Puniewinks (pil'ni-wingks), 1.. See PINNYppr. pillaging. To strip of money or goods

WINKLES. by open violence; to plunder; to spoil; as,

Pilose (pil'ós), a. [L. pilosus, from pilus, troops pillage the camp or towns of an

hair.] Covered with, abounding in, or full enemy. It differs from stealing, as it im

of hairs; hairy. plies open violence, and from robbery, which

The heat-retaining property of the pilose covering may be committed by one individual on an

is mainly due to the amount of air it is able to retain. other, whereas pillaging is usually the act

Owen. of bands or numbers.

Pllosity (pi-los’i-ti), n. Hairiness. Bacon. Pillager (pil'āj-ér), n. One that pillages or

Pilot (pilot), n. (Perhaps from 0.D. pijloot, plunders by open violence; a plunderer.

a pilot, said to be from peilen, to sound Jove's seed, the pillager,

the depth, and loot, the sounding-lead; but Stood close before, and slackt the force the arrow

the word seems rather to be a Romance did confer. Chapman.

word: Fr. pilote, Sp. and Pg. piloto, It. piloto, Pillar (pil'ér), n. [Fr. pilier, a pillar, from

pilota, the origin of which is not clear.] L. pila, a column. See PILE.] 1. A column;

1. One of a ship's crew or company having a columnar mass; by architects often dis

the charge of the helm and the ship's route; tinguished from column, inasmuch as its sec

a steersman. To take the pilot's rudder in tion may be of any shape, and the whole

his hand.' Dryden. mass not subject to the rules of classic archi

His bark is stoutly timber'd and his pilot tecture. A pillar may be used as a support

Of very expert and approved allowance. Shak. or for ornament, or as a monument or me

2. Now more usually, a person qualified morial

and appointed by proper authority to conAnd Jacob set a pillar upon her grave.

duct ships into and out of particular harGen. xxxv. 20.

bours, or along certain coasts, channels, 2. A supporter; one who sustains or up

&c., at a certain fixed rate, depending on holds.

the draught of water and distance. The Pillory.

pilot has the charge of the vessel while in Aspect he rose, and in his rising seemed A pillar of state. Milton.

pilot's water, and the captain or master nebling those in the stocks, and holes through 3. Something resembling a pillar in appear

glects or opposes the pilot's advice on his which were put the head and hands of an

own responsibility. Pilots are established ance. offender, by way of punishment. In this

in various parts of the country by ancient And the Lord went before them by day in a pillar manner persons were formerly exposed to of cloud to lead them the way; and by night in a

charters of incorporation, or by particular public view, and generally to public insult. pillar of fire to give them light. Ex. xiii. 21.

statute. – 3. A guide; a director of the It was a common punishment in Britain 4. A portable ornamental column formerly

course of another person; one who has the appointed for forestallers, users of deceitful

conduct of any affair requiring skill and carried before a cardinal as emblematic of weights, those guilty of perjury, forgery, vigilance.-4. The cow-catcher of a locomohis support to the church. - 5. In the libel, seditious writings, &c. It was abol tive. (United States.)–Pilot's fairway, any manege, the centre of the volta, ring, or ished in 1837.

channel in which a pilot must be employed. manege ground around which a horse turns.

The jeers of a theatre, the pillory, and the whip -Pilot's water, any part of the sea or of a There are also pillars on the circumference

ping-post, are very near akin.

Watts. river in which the services of a pilot must or side, placed at certain distances by two and two.-6. In conch. same as Columella. Pullory (pillo-ri), v.t. pret. & pp. pilloried;

be obtained. -Pillar saint.

Pilot (pi’lot), v.t. 1. To act as pilot of; to See STYLITE.

ppr. pillorying. 1. To punish with the pilPillar-box (pil'ler-boks), n.

direct the course of, as of a ship in any place A public re

lory. Hungering for Puritans to pillory.' ceptacle in the form of a short pillar for

Macaulay. Hence-2. Fig. to expose to ri. where navigation is dangerous.—2 To guide letters that are to be sent by post.

dicule, contempt, abuse, and the like. through dangers or difficulties. Pullar-dollar (pillér-dol-ler), n. A Spanish

Franchises which have sometimes Where the people are well-educated, the art of silver coin having two columns supporting been pilloried with scoffing or irregular piloting a state is best learned from the writings of


Berkcicy. the royal arms on the obverse. Simmonds.

names. Gladstone. Pillared (pillérd), a. 1. Having pillars; sup

Pillour, t n. (Fr. pilleur, robber.] A plun. Pilotage (pilot-aj), n. 1. The remuneraderer, Chaucer.

tion made or allowed to a pilot or one who ported by pillars.-2. Having the form of a pillar. The pillar'd flame.

directs the course of a ship.-2. The knowThomson.

Pillow (pillo), n. [O. E. pilwe, pulwe, A. Sax. Pillaret (pil'ér-et), n. A little pillar. A

pyle; probably like D. peluwe, a pillow,

ledge of coasts, rocks, bars, and channels. from L. pulvinus, a cushion.) 1. À long 'Lose all our knowledge and pilotage of that cross floor supported with pillarets.' Fuller. cushion to support the head of a person

part of the world.' Raleigh.-3. The guidPillarist (pillér-ist), n. A stylite (which

when reposing, filled with feathers, down, ance of a pilot or of one who directs another. or other soft material.

Under his pilotage they anchored on the first of see).


November close to the Isthmus of Darien,
Pulau, Pillaw (pil-la'), n. (Per. and Turk.)
Can snore upon the flint, when resty sloth

Macaulay. An oriental dish consisting of rice cooked Finds the down pillow hard.

Shak, Used adjectively in such phrases as- pilotage with fat, butter, or meat. Spelled also Pilau, Pilar, Pillaffe. 2. Naut. the block on which the inner end

authority, a body of men appointed by the P11l-beetle (pil'bē-tí), n. See BYRRHIDE. of a bowsprit is supported.-3. A brass bear

Board of Trade in certain ports for testing Pull-box (pilboks), n. A box for holding ing for the journal of a shaft, carried by a

the qualifications of applicants for pilots' pills. plumber-block.–4. A kind of plain fustian.

licenses, for granting or suspending such Pille, t v.t. See PILL. Chaucer.

- The pillow of a plough is a cross piece of

licenses, &c.; pilotage district, the jurisdicwood which serves to raise or lower the

tion of a pilotage authority. Pilled, t pp. Bald. Chaucer.

Pilot-balloon (pi'lot-bal-lon), n. A small

beam. Pilled-garlict (pild'gär-lik), n. Same as Pilgarlic. Pillow (pillo), v.t. To rest or lay on for sup

balloon sent up to ascertain the direction Puert (pil'ér), n.

and strength of the wind.
One that pills or plun-

Pilot-bird (pilot-berd), n. A kind of bird ders.

They lay down to rest, with their corselets braced,
Pillowed on buckler cold and hard. Sir W. Scott.

found in the Caribbee Islands; so called bePilery (pil'ér-i), n. Plunder; pillage; ra

cause its presence out at sea indicates to pine.

Pillow - bear, Pillow - bier (pil16-bēr), n. seamen their approach to these islands. And then concussion, rapine, pilleries,

Same as Pillow-case. His wrought night Crabb. Their catalogue of accusations fill. Daniel. cap and lawn pillow-bear.'. Bp. Hall. Pilot-boat (pilot-bot), n. A boat used by Pillez (pillēz), n. The name given in Corn Pillow-block (pil'lő-blok), n. Same as pilots for reaching ships near shore. wall to a species of naked barley raised Plumber-block (which see).

Pilot-bread (pilot-bred), n. Same as Shipthere.

Pillow-case (pil'lo-kās), n. The movable biscuit. Simmonds. Piulion (pilli-on), n. (Probably directly from sack or case which is drawn over a pillow. Puot-cloth (pilot-kloth), n. A coarse stout the Celtic; comp. w. pilyn, Ir. pillin, Gael.

When you put a clean pillow-case on your lady's

kind of cloth for overcoats, such as are worn pillean, Manx pollan, a pillion, a pack pillow, fasten it well with pins.

Swift. by pilots.

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