Imágenes de páginas
PDF
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

ductor), called also Rudder:fish: so named because it frequently accompanies ships. It is almost a foot long, and much resembles the mackerel, and is supposed to have been the pompilius of the ancients, a fish which is said to have pointed out the desired course to navigators, accompanied them throughout their voyage, and left them when they reached the wished-for land. It was therefore considered sacred. Besides the habit of attending ships at sea for weeks, and even months, the pilot-fish also accompanies large sharks; hence it has been supposed to guide that voracious fish to its food. The true reason, however, seems to be that it picks up portions of food unworthy of the shark's notice. Pilotism, Pilotry (pilot-ism, pilot-ri), n. Pilotage; skill in piloting. Pilot-jack (pilot-jak), n. A union or other flag hoisted by a vessel for a pilot. Pilot-jacket (pilot-jak-et), n. A pea-jacket, such as is worn by seamen. See PEA-JACKET. Pilot-star (pilot-stär), n. A guiding-star. “Enid, the pilot-star of my lone life.’ Tenonoson. ous (pil'us), a... [L. pilosus. See PILos E.] 1. Hairy; abounding with hair. Dr. Robinson.—2. Consisting of hair. Pilserf (pil'sér), n. A moth or fly that runs into a flame. Ainsworth. Pilula (pil'il-la), n. pl. Pilulae (pil'il-lé). [Dim. of L. }olo, a ball.] In phar. a pill. il’īī-lér), a, Pertaining to pills; as, a pilular mass; a pilular form. Pilularia (pil-ū-lā'ri-a), n. . [From L. pilula, a pill, from the shape of the heads containing the reproductive organs.]. A genus of creeping plants belonging to the nat. order Marsileaceae. P. globulifera, or creeping pillwort, is a British species found on the margins of lakes and pools, and in places that are partially overflowed. It has a slender creeping root-stock, and bright green grass-like leaves, at the base of which are the round brown fan-celled capsules. Pilumnus (pi-lum'nus), n. [L. pilus, a hair.] 1. A genus of brachyurous decapod crustaceans, so called from the carapace being covered with hairs. —2. Bonaparte's name for the North American genus of woodpeckers, Sphyrapicus. we, t_n. A pillow. Chaucer. Pilwe-bere,t n. The covering of a pillow; a pillow-bear; a pillow-case. Chaucer. Pimaric (pi-mar'ik), a. A term applied to an acid resin occurring in the turpentine of the maritime pine. Pimelic (pi-mel'ik), a. [Gr. pimelē, fat..] Obtained from a fatty substance.—Pimelic acid o: an acid which results from the action of nitric acid on oleic acid. Pimelite (pim'el-it), n., [Gr, pimelē, fat, and lithos, stone..] A mineral of an applegreen colour, fat and unctuous to the touch, tender, and not fusible by the blowpipe. It is supposed to be coloured by nickel. It is a variety of steatite. Pimelodus (pi-mel-5'dus), n. (Gr. pimelē, fat, and eidos, likeness.] A genus of mala

Pimelodus cyclopum.

copterygian abdominal fishes, separated from the genus Silurus of Linnaeus. . The

the eastern rivers. One species (P. cyclo#. 6 inches long, is sometimes ejected n thousands from the crater or the apertures on the sides of volcanoes. They are supposed to abound in subterranean lakes. Piment? (pi'ment), n. Wine with a mixture of spice or honey. Pimenta (pi-men'ta), m. onento. Pimento (pi-men'tó), n. [Sp. pimienta, pimiento, It pimento, from L. pigmentumn, paint, juice of plants, anything spicy.] Allspice, the berry of Eugenia Pimenta (Pimenta officinalis), a tree, native of the West Indies, but cultivated almost exclusively in Jamaica, thence called Jamaica Pepper. The unripe berries, which are about the size of a pea, are dried in the sun. The shell incloses two seeds, which are roundish, dark brown, having a weak aromatic taste. The berries have an aromatic taste and smell, considered to resemble a mixture of those of cinnamon, cloves, and nutmeg, whence the name allspice. As an aromatic stimulant pimentostands intermediate between pepper and cloves, and is useful in dyspepsia depending upon atony of the stomach, and in diarrhoea dependent upon a similar cause. Pimento yields by distillation an oil resembling oil of cloves. Pimgenett (pim'je-net), n. A pimple on the

Same as Pi

Pimento.

[ocr errors]

lit. to whistle for females like a call-bird.] One who provides gratifications for the lust of others; a procurer; a pander. Pimp (pimp), v.i. To pander; to procure lewd women for the gratification of others. But he's possest with a thousand imps, To work whose ends his madness pimps. Swift. Pimpernel (pim'për-nel), m. [Fr. pimpre* See PIMPINELLA.] The name of Amagallis arvensis, a little red-flowered prostrate annual found in cornfields; nat. order Primulaceae. It is often called the Shepherd's or Poor Man's Hour-glass, as it opens its flowers every morning about seven in these latitudes, and closes them about two; but when rain falls, or the air is charged with moisture, the flowers do not open at all. The water pimpernel is Veronica Anagallis; the yellow pimpernel, Lysimachia onenorunn. Pimpinella (pim-pi-nella), n. [It pimpinella,Catal. pampinella, L. pampinus, a vineshoot..] A genus of plants belonging to the nat. order Umbelliferae, which inhabit the meadows and mountains of Europe principally. The most important species is the P. anisum, or anise plant, which yields the anise of the shops. (See ANISE.) The British species are known by the name of Bur#& e. ing) [C G. pimpeli Pimp pimping), a. [Comp. G. pimpelig, pimpelnd, sickly, weak, little.] ić. petty. “He had no paltry arts, no pimping ways." Crabbe. [Rare.] Pimple (pim'pl), n. [A. Sax. pinpel, a pimple, possibly a nasalized form of L. papula, a pimple; comp. A. Sax. pipelian, to break out in pimples; also W. pump, pump!, a knob, a round mass.] A small acuminated elevation of the cuticle, with an inflamed base, very seldom containing a fluid or ". purating, and commonly terminating in scurf or desquamation. pled (pim'pló), a.. Having pimples on the skin; full of pimples. Johnson. Pimplike (pimp/lik), a. Like a pimp; vile; infamous; mean. ####"; Full of pimples; spotted. Pimpship (pimp'ship), n. The office, occupation, or person of a pimp. Pin (pin), n. [D. pin, pen, L. G. pinn, pinne, Dan, pind, Sw. and G. pinne, W. pin, a pin, a peg, &c., from L. penna or pinna, a fea: ther, a pen, also a pinnacle.] 1. A piece of

species are numerous, and are found chiefly in South America, the Nile, and some of

metal, wood, or the like, frequently pointed, and used for fastening separate articles to

gether, or as a support from which a thing may be hung; a peg; a bolt. With pins of adamant And chains they made all fast. 4/rotozo. 2. A small piece of wire, generally brass, pointed at one end and with a rounded head at the other, much used as a cheap and ready means of fastening clothes, attaching o like. Pins wereformerly made y hand labour, and went through some fourteen different processes before the were fit for the market; but several beautiful inventions have been employed to make them, entirely or in a great measure by machinery, for the not automatic. The heads, formerly made of a separate piece of spirally twisted wire, smaller than the pin, are now formed in a die from the body of the pin itself.-3. Often used typically for a thing of very small value; a trifle. I do not set my life at a pin's fee. Shak. 4. That which resembles a pin in shape or use; as, (a) a peg in stringed musical instruments for increasing or diminishing the tension of the strings. (b) A lynch-pin. § A cylindrical roller made of wood; a rollingpin. (d) In mach. a short shaft, sometimes forming a bolt, a part of which serves as a journal.—5. The centre of a target; a central part. “The very pin of his heart cleft with the blind bow-boy's butt-shaft.” Shak. 6. One of a row of pegs let into a drinking vessel to regulate the quantity which each person was to drink. He (was) accounted the man who could nick the Aini, drinking even unto it, whereas to go above it or beneath it was a forfeiture. Auller. 7. [From the preceding meaning, or from that of the peg of a musical instrument. Mood; humour; disposition; frame o mind. “The calender right glad to find his friend in merry £: §o An obscurity of vision dependent upon a speck in the cornea; the speck itself. Called also Pin and Web. “All eyes blind with the pin and web.” Shak.-9. A noxious humour in a hawk's foot.—10. The leg; as, to knock one off his pins. [Slang.] Pin (pin), v. t. pret. & pp. pinned; ppr. pinning. [From the noun.) 1. To fasten with a pin or with pins of any kind; as, to pin the clothes; to pin boards or timbers. Not §§ when her manteau's pinn'd awry, Ere felt such rage. Pope. 2. To fasten; to make fast; to join and fasten ether. he lifted the princess from the earth, and so locks her in embracing, as if she would pin her to her heart. Shak. 3. To seize; to clutch; to hold fast. [Colloq.]

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

pen, or pound, Crabbe. --2. To aim at or strike with a stone. Sir W. Scott. [Scotch..] [This sense probably arises from pinning one with a javelin.] Pin (pin), n. In China, a petition or address of foreigners to the emperor or any of his deputies. Pinaceae (pi-nā’sé-é), m. pl. A name given by Lindley to the Coniferae. Pina-cloth (pi'na-kloth), n. [Sp. piña, the pine-apple..] A delicate, soft, transparent cloth made in the Philippine Islands from the fibres of the pine-apple leaf. It is generally tinged with yellow, and beautifully embroidered by the needle. It is made into shawls, scarfs, handkerchiefs, and the like. Pinacotheca (pin'a-ko-thé"ka), n. (Gr. pinaz, pinakos, a picture, and theke, a repository.] A picture-gallery. Pinafore (pin'a-fôr), n. A sort of garment or apron worn by children to protect the front part of their dress; a child's apron. (pi-nang'), n. The betel-nut (Areca Catechu). r (pi-nas’tér), n. [L., from pinus, pine.] A species of pine growing in the south of Europe (Pinus Pinaster). Pinaxt (pi'naks), n., (Gr.] A tablet; a list; a register; hence, that on which anything, as a scheme or plan, is inscribed. Consider whereabout thou art in that old philosophical pinax of the life of man. Sir. T. Browne. Pinboukei (pinsbouk), n. A kind of bucket. In pails, kits, dishes, pinboukes, bowls,

Their scorched bosoms merrily they baste. Drayton.

[ocr errors]

lar buttock. Shak.

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

Pincase (pin'kās), m. A case for holding pins. Pincers o ), n. pl. [From pinch, Fr. incer, whence pince, pincers.] 1. A wellnown instrument by which anything is griped in order to be drawn out, as a nail, or kept fast for some operation. —2. The nippers of certain animals, as of insects and crustaceans; the prehensile claws. Every ant o a small particle of that earth in her pinicers, and lays it by the hole. Addison. Sometimes called Pinchers. Pinch (pinsh), v.t. [Fr. pincer, to pinch; It. pizzare, to finch, Sp. pizcar, also pinchar (the latter to prick), according to Diez from the German, with nazal inserted; Bav. pfitzen, O.D. pitsen, to pinch.] 1. To press hard or squeeze between the ends of the fingers, the teeth, claws, or with an instrument, &c.; to squeeze or compress between any two hard bodies; to nip.–2. To straiten; to distress; to afflict; to pain; as, hunger pinches the belly; to be o for want of food. Want of room upon the earth, pinchin nation, begets the remediless war. Sir 3. To injure or nip with frost. The air hath starved the roses in her cheeks

[ocr errors]

And A'inch'd the lily-tincture of her face. Shak. 4. To press hard; to try thoroughly. This is the way to pinch the question. Collier.

5. To press upon and seize; to gripe and bite: said of an animal. A hound, a freckled hind In full course hunted; on the foreskirts yet He pinched and pulled her down. Chapman. 6. To lift between the finger and thumb. Not one to flirt a venom at her eye Or Ainch a murderous dust into her drink. - Zennyson. Pinch (pinsh), v.i. 1. To act with pressing force; to bear hard; to be puzzling. But thou Know'st with an equal hand to hold the scale, Seest where the reasons pinch, and where they fail.

A32-ydew!. 2. To spare; to be straitened; to be niggardly. The wretch whom avarice bids to pinch and spare, Starve, steal, and pilfer to enrich an heir. Pranklin. –To know or feel where the shoe pinches, to know or have practical and personal experience as to where the chief point of difficulty or cause of trouble in any matter lies. Pinch o m. 1. A close compression with the ends of the fingers or something else; a nip.–2. A gripe; a pang. There cannot be a pinch in death

More sharp than this is Skač. 3. Distress inflicted or suffered; pressure; oppression; straits; difficulty. “Necessity's sharp pinch.” Shak.-4. A strong iron lever; a crowbar. : Pinches or forehammers will never pick upon't, said Hugh, the blacksmith. cott. 5. As much as is taken by the finger and thumb; a small quantity, generally of snuff. —On or at a pinch, on an emergency. *. sure friend is a better help at a pinch, than all the stratagens of a man's own wit. Bacont. Pinchbeck (pinsh'bek), n. [From the name of the inventor, a London watchmaker of the last century.]. An alloy of copper and zinc, consisting of 80 parts of the former metal to 20 parts of the latter. It is a composition somewhat like gold in colour, and was formerly much used for cheap jewelry. Hence when used adjectively it has frequently the meaning of sham; not genuine; brummagem. Pinched (pinsht), p. and a. Petty; contemptible. Shak. Pincher (pinsh’ér), n. 1. One who or that which pinches.—2. Among quarrymen, &c., a person using a pinch, in contradistinction to those otherwise engaged in moving a stone, &c. Pinchers (pinsh'èrz), m. pl. See PINCERs. Pinchfist (pinch'fist), n. A miser; a niggard. Pinch-gut (pinsh'gut), on. A miserly person. Fology (pinsh'ing-li), adv. In a pinchng way. Pinch-penny (pinsh'pen-ni), n. A niggard. He hath to his father a certain felow, greedy of money, a wretched felowe in his house, and a very Azzuch-aepuny, as drie as a kexe. (Jafall. Pinch-spotted (pinsh'spot-ed), a., Discoloured from having been pinched, as the skin. Shak. Pinc-pinc (pingk'pingk), n. [From its cry.] One of the African warblers (Drymoica tertriz), which is remarkable for building a beautiful nest, something like that of the long-tailed titmouse, with a supplementary nest outside for the use of the male. Pin-cushion (pin'kush-on), n. A small cush

[blocks in formation]

sails, and having both the stem and stern much projected. Pindjajaps are employed in bringing spices, cacao, and areca-nuts to the ports frequented by Europeans, and are also fitted out as pirate vessels. Pin-drill (pin'dril), n. A drill used for cutting a recess for a bolt-head or for enlarging a hole. Pindust (pin'dust), n. Small particles of metal ...}. in the manufacture of pins. The little particles of pindust, when mingled with sand, cannot, by their mingling, Inake it lighter. . Sir K. Digby Pine (pin), n. [From L. pinus, a pine-tree. See PINUS.] 1. The popular name of trees of the genus Pinus, nat. order Coniferae, consisting of lofty evergreen trees, with acicular leaves, and branches disposed in a verticillate form. The flowers are monoecious, and the fruit is a cone, having the seeds attached to the inside of each scale. The pines, together with the spruces and larches, abound in temperate climates, and are among the most useful of the products of the vegetable creation, on account of the valuable timber which they yield, and the resinous matter which they

White Pine (Pinus Strobus).

secrete. About 70 species are known, amongst which are the Canadian pine (Pinus resinosa), the white pine (P. Strobus), thered pine

Stone Pine (Pinus Pinea).

P. sylvestris, P. australis, also P. resinosa e yellow pine (P. mitis, also P. australis), the pitch pine (P. rigida, also P. o the wild pine or Scotch fir (P. sylvestris), and its variety Braemar or Speyside pine §: horizontalis), both of the highest value or their timber, as well for their other products, as turpentine, tar, pitch, resin, &c., the stone pine (P. Pinea), growing on the shores of the Mediterranean, and often introduced into pictures, the Mugho pine (P. Pumilio), growing on the Alps and Pyrenees and yielding Hungarian balsam, the cluster É. (P. Pinaster), growing in the south of urope and yielding Bordeaux turpentine, &c. There are many plants of other genera called pines, though chiefly of the same coniferous family. Thus Amboyna pine is Dammara orientalis, Chili pine is Arattcaria imbricata, and Huon pine is Dacrydium Franklinii, while the ground-pine is Ajuga Chamo pits, and the screw pine is Pandanus. – 2. The pine-apple; also the plant that produces it. Pine (pin), v.i. pret. pined; ppr. pining. [A.Sax. piman, to pain or torture, and to pine or languish. The same word as pain in a slightly different form.] 1. To languish; to lose flesh or wear away under any distress or anxiety of mind; to grow lean: followed often by away. Ye shall not mourn nor weep; but : shall pine azway for your iniquities. Ezek. xxiv. 23. 2. To languish with desire; to waste away with longing for something: usually followed by for. “For whom, and not for Tybalt, Juliet pined.” Shak.-SYN. To languish, droop, flag, wither, decay. Pine (pin), v.t. pret. & pp. pined; ppr. pining. 1. To pain or torment; to distress; to wear out; to make to languish. “Pined with pain.' Dryden. One is pined in prison; another tortur'd on the rack. Bp. Hall.

2. To grieve for; to bemoan in silence. Abashed the devil stood . . . and saw Virtue in her own shape how lovely; saw off.” His loss. Astlton. Pine (pin), n. 1..? Woe; want; penury; misery. —2. Pain ; torment. [Obsolete and Scotch..]—Done to pine, put to death; starved to death. Spenser. Pineal (pin'é-al), a. [Fr. pinéale, from L. pinea, the cone of a pine, from pinus, a pine —applied to the gland from the shape of the organ.] Pertaining to a pine-cone or resembling it in shape. In anat. pineal gland, also called Conarium, a part of the brain, a heart-like substance consisting of degenerated brain structure, about the bigness of a pea, situated immediately over the corpora quadrigemina, and .."; from the thalami nervorum opticorum by two crura or eduncles. It was fancifully considered by escartes as the seat of the soul. Courtiers and spaniels exactly resemble one another in the pineal gland. rbuthnot & Pope.

Pine-apple (pin'ap-1), n. [Pine and apple —from the fruit being shaped like a pinecone..] 1. The fruit of Ananassa sativa, nat. order Bromeliaceae, so called from its resemblance to the cone of the pine-tree. It is indigenous to South America and some of the West India Islands, but has been successfully cultivated in England. Its

[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]
[merged small][merged small][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]

Pine-house (pin'hous), n. A pinery. Pine-kernel (pin'kér-nel), n., The seed of the stone pine (Pinus Pinea), common in the Mediterranean countries, and used as an article of food. * (pin'not), n. Apine-cone. [United tates. Pine-marten (pin’már-ten), n. The Mustela Martes or Martes abietum. See MARTEN. Pine-mast (pin'mast), n. Pine-cones collectively. e MAST. en (pi-nen'ki-ma), n. (Gr. pinaz, a table, and enchyma, an infusion.] In o cellular tissue composed of tabular ceils. Pine-needle-wool (pin'né-dl-wul), n. ...A fibrous substance obtained by treating the buds and leaves of pine and fir trees with a solution of carbonate of soda, and used for stuffing mattresses, and for wadding, blankets, &c. It isFo chiefly in the Black Forest. Called also Pine-wool. Pine-oil (pin'oil), n. An oil, resembling turpentine, obtained from pine and fir trees, used in making colours and varnishes. (pin'êr-i), n. 1. A hothouse in which pine-apples are raised. Called also Pinestove.—2. A place where pine-trees grow; a pine forest. Pine-sap o m. A plant of the genus Monotropa (M. Hypopitys), which grows on the roots of pine and beech trees in moist shady places. Pine-stove (pin'stöv), n. See PINERY, 1. Pine-thistle (pin'this-l), n. A plant of the genus Atractylis, the A. gummifera, the root of which abounds with a gummy matter, which exudes when it is wounded. It grows in the south of Europe, where the flower-stalks are dressed with oil and used as food. Pine-tree (pin'tré), n. A tree of the genus Pinus;pine–Pine-tree money, moneycoined in Massachusetts in the seventeenth century, so called from the figure, resembling a pine-tree, impressed upon it. Pinetum (pi-nē’tum), n. [L., a pine plantation.] A plantation or collection of growing pine-trees of different kinds, especially for ornamental or scientific purposes. Pinewood (pin'wud), n. I. A wood of pinetrees.—2. Pine timber. Tennyson. Pine-wool (pin'wul), n. See PINE-NEEDLEWOOL. Piney § a. Pertaining to pines; abounding with pines. “Between the piney sides

of this long glen.” Tennyson.

Piney-tallow (pi'ni-tal-lô), n. A concrete fatty substance resembling wax obtained by boiling with water the fruit of the Wateria indica, a tree common upon the Malabar coast. It partakes of the nature of stearine, and forms excellent candles. Called also Malabar Tallow. Piney-varnish (pi'ni-vār-nish), n. A resinous fluid which exudes from the bark of the Wateria indica when wounded, used in making warnish; liquid-copal. Pinfeather (pin'setH-ér), n. A small or short feather; a feather not fully grown. Pinfeathered (pin'seph-Érd), a. Having the feathers only beginning to shoot; not fully fledged: sometimes used figuratively. Hourly we see some raw pinfeather'd thin Attempt to mount, and fights and heroes sing; Who for false quantities was whipt at school. Dryden. Pinfold (pin'séld), n. [Also written penfold, and formerly also pynfold, from pin, pen, A. Sax. #". to pound, to pen, to shut in, .# d. See Poux D.] A place in which cattle straying and doing damage are temporarily confined; a pound. ‘Cattle in a pinfold." Hudibras. Pin-footed (pinfut-ed), a. Having the toes or foot bordered by a membrane. Ping (ping), m. [Imitative.] The sound made § solet. as from a rifle, in passing through

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

not. Pinguicula (pin-gwi'kū-la), m. [From L. pinguis, #|| allusion to h: greasiness of the leaves.] A genus of plants, nat. order Lentibulariaceae. The species are pretty herbaceous plants, growing usually in damp places, natives of the extra-tropical regions of the northern hemisphere. They have rosettes of fleshy radical leaves, and solitar purple, violet, or yellow flowers. In Englis they are known by the name of butterwort. The viscid secretion on their leaves enables them to catch insects, the soft parts of whose bodies they have the power of dissolving and absorbing. P. vulgaris (the common butterwort) has the property of coagulating milk. d (ping'gwid), a. [L. pinguis, fat..] Fat; unctuous. “Some clays are more pinguid.” Mortimer. Pinguidinous (ping-gwid'in-us), a. [From L. food". fatness.] Containing fat; fatty; adipose. Pinguin o n. A plant used in the West Indies for hedgerows; the Bromelia Pinguin. Fo (ping'gwi-tūd), n. [L. pingui; t.” from pinguis, fat...] Fatness; a growing at. Pinhold (pin'höld), n. A place at which a pin holds or makes fast. Pinhole (pin'hôl), n. A small hole made by the puncture or perforation of a pin; a very small aperture. Pinic (pi'nik), a. Pertaining to or derived from the pine-tree; as, pinic acid. (pin'ing-li), adv. In a pining or languishing manner; by wasting away. Pinion (pin'yon), n. [Fr. pigmon, a pinion or small wheel, Norm. Fr. a pen; Sp. piñon, a joint of a bird's wing, a small wheel; Prov. Fr. pinon, a feather; from L. pinna, penna, a feather.] 1. The joint of a fowl's wing remotest from the body 2. A feather; a quill. h He . pluckt,when hither e sends so r a pazzago; of his ...” § 3. A wing. , ‘On trem: bling pinions soar." ope. —4. A small wheel which plays in the teeth of a larger, or sometimes only an - arbor or spindle, hav- Spur-wheel and Pinion a. ing notches or leaves, which are caught successively by the teeth of the wheel, and the motion thereby com

municated. —5. A fetter or band for the arm. Ainsworth. Pinion (pin'yon), v. t. 1. To bind or confine the wings of; to confine by binding the wings. 2. To disable by cutting off the first joint of the wing.—3. To disable or render incapable of resistance by binding or confining the arm or arms to the body; to shackle; to

fetter. Know, sir, that I Will not wait pinion'd at your master's court. Shak. His right arm pierced, and holding on, bereft His use of §. and pinion'd down his }. ent. 4. To attach by chains or bonds of some kind. “Some slave of mine be pinioned to their side.” Pope. Pinionist t (pin'yon-ist), m. A winged animal; a bird. “All the flitting pinionists of air.’ W. Browne. [Rare.] Pinion-wire (pinyon-wir), n. Wire formed into the shape and size required for the pinions of clocks and watches; it is drawn in the same manner as round wire through plates whose holes correspond in section to the shape of the wire. Pinite (pin'it), m. [From Pini, a mine in Saxony.] A mineral formed from iolite by the action of alkaline waters. It is found in prismatic crystals of a greenish white colour, brown, or deep red. Pinites (pi'nits), m. pl. [See PINU.S.] A general name for all fossil wood which exhibits traces of having belonged to the pine tribe. Stormonth. Pink (pingk), n. [Allied to pink, winking, pink, to wink; D. go; to twinkle with the eyes, to wink; Sc. pinkie, applied to the eye when small or contracted. Comp. Fr. aeillet, an eyelet-hole, and a pink (the flower)

, -dim, of aeil, an eye.]. 1. The name given

to various plants and flowers of the genus

Pink variegated.

Dianthus, from some of the species being marked with small dots resembling eyes, as the clove pink or carnation (D. Caryophyllus) and garden pink, of which there are many varieties. Pinks are much cultivated in gardens, and esteemed for the elegance and rich spicy odour of their flowers. Several species are found wild in Britain. “The dappled pink and blushing rose.” Prior. See DIANTHUS.–2. A light red colour or pigment resembling that of the common garden pink. Also a term applied to several pigments of a yellow or greenish-yellow colour, prepared by precipitating vegetable juices on a white earth, such as chalk, alumina, &c. Fairholt.—3. Anything supremely excellent. ‘The very pink of perfection." Goldsmith. I am the very pink of courtesy. Shak.

4. A fish, the minnow: so called from the colour of its abdomen in summer.—5. A foxhunter's coat: from the usual colour. With pea-coats over their pinks.” Macmillan's

[ocr errors]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[merged small][ocr errors][merged small]

2. To stab; to pierce; to wound with a sword or rapier. They grew such desperate rivals for her that one of them?inked the other in a duel. Addison. 3. To choose; to select; to cull. “Pink out of tales the mirth but not the sin." G. Herbert.—4. To dye of a pink colour. Goodrich. Pink (pingk), v.i. [D. pinken, to wink.] To wink. A hungry fox lay winking and pinking as if he had sore eyes. "Estrange. Pink (pingk), n. [D. and Dan.] A ship with a very narrow stern: a build now obsolete.

Pink-coloured (pingkokul-Érd), a. Having the colour of the pink. Pinked (pingkt), p. and a. Pierced or worked with small holes; reticulated. A haberdasher's wife of small wit rail'd upon me, till her pink'd porringer fell off her head. Shak. Pink-eye (pingk'i), n. A small eye. Thackeray. Pink-eyed (pingk'id), a. Having small eyes. Holland. -iron (pingk'ing-i-Érn), m. A cutting instrument for scolloping the edges of ribbons, flounces, paper for coffin trimmings, . Simmonds. Pink-needle (pingk'né-dl), n. A shepherd's bodkin. Sherwood. Pink-root (pingk’röt), n. The root of the Indian pink (Spigelia marilandica), used in medicine as a vermifuge. Pinkster (pingk’stér), n. Whitsuntide. ‘Pinkster frolics.” J. F. Cooper. See PINGSTER. Pink-stern (pingk'stérn), n. Nawt. a ship with a high narrow stern; a pink. Pink-sterned (pingk'stèrnd), a. Naut. having a very narrow stern. Pim-maker (pin’māk-er), n. One whose occupation is to make pins. Pin-money (pin’mun-i), n. An allowance made by a husband to his wife for her separate use, to be applied in the purchase of |. ornaments for her person, or for private expenditure. It was stipulated that she should have £400 a year for pin-money. Addison. Pinna (pin'a), m.pl. Pinnae (pin'é). [L. pinna, nna, a feather, a wing, a fin.) 1. In zool. § the wing or feather of a bird. (b) The of a fish.-2. In anat. the pavilion of the ear, that part which projects beyond the head.—3. In bot a leaflet of a pinnate leaf; a primary branch of the petiole of a bipinnate, or tripinnate leaf; in this sense written also Pinnula. Pinna (pin'a), n. [L. pinna, Gr. pinna, a kind of mussel.] A genus of marine bivalves belonging to the family Aviculidae. They are commonly called wing-shells, and are remarkable for the size of the byssus by which they adhere to rocks. It is remarkably long and delicate, is very strong, has a beautiful silky lustre, and is capable of being woven into cloth, upon which a very high value is set. This manufacture was known to the ancients, and Pinna flabellum. is now practised in Italy. Some species of pinnae attain very large dimensions, and measure about 2 feet long, with a byssus of the same length. Pinnace (pin'ās), m. [Fr. pimasse, Sp. pinaza, Pg. pinaça, It. pinaccia, pinazza, a

[ocr errors]

sails, and having generally two masts rigged like those of a schooner. (b) A boat usually rowed with eight oars.

[blocks in formation]

building, or that caps and terminates the higher parts of other buildings or of buttresses. The application of the term is now generally limited to an ornamental spire, standing on parapets, angles, and buttresses, and usually adorned with rich and varied devices. Decorated pinnacles are very numerous, they have the shafts sometimes formed into niches, and sometimes panelled or quite plain, and each of the sides almost invariably terminates in a pediment; the tops are generally crocketed, and have finials on the points; they are usually square, but are sometimes octagonal, and in a few instances hexagonal and pentagonal, ‘With ong spires and pin s adorned.” ilton.—2. Something resembling a pinnacle, as a rocky peak; a sharp or pointed summit. Far off, three mountain tops, Three silent pinnacles of aged snow, Stood sunset-flush'd. Tennyson. Pinnacle (pin'a-kl), v.t, pret, and pp. pinmacled; ppr. pinnacling. To J.". a pinnacle or pinnacles on; to furnish with pinnacles. The pediment of the southern transept is pinnacled, not inelegantly, with a flourished cross. 7. Jo'arroza. Pinnaget (pin'aj), m. Poundage of cattle. See POUND. Pinnate, Pinnated (pin'āt, pin'āt-ed),a. [L. innatus, from pinna, a feather or fin.) 1. In ot. shaped and webbed or branching like a feather; formed like a feather. — Pinnate leaf, in bot. a species of compound leaf wherein a single petiole has several leaflets attached to each side of it.—Pinmate cirrose leaf, one that is winged, and terminates with a tendril. — A paripinnate, equally, or abruptly pinnate leaf, a winged leaf ending with a pair of pinnae. — An imparifoot. or unequally pinnate af, a winged leaf with a single terminal leaflet. — Articulatei. leaf, a winged leaf, Pinnate Leaf. aving the common foot-stalk jointed. — Oppositely pinnate, having the leaflets placed opposite to each other.—Alternately pinnate, having the leaflets placed alternately on the footstalk.-Interruptedly innate, having smaller and greater leaflets {..." ecursively pinnate, having the leaflets running down the stem.—2. In zool, having fins or processes resembling

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors][merged small]

tiped (pin-nati-ped), a. [L. pinnatus, feathered, from pinna, a feather, and pes, dis, a foot.] Fin-footed; having the toes ordered by membranes, as certain birds. Pinnatiped (pin-nati-ped), n. A bird which has the toes bordered by membranes. Pinnatisect (pin-nati-sekt), a. [L. pinnatus, feathered, from pinna, a feather, and seco, sectum, to cut.] In bot. having the lobes divided down to the midrib and the parenchyma interrupted. Pinnatulate (pin-natoll-lāt), a. [L. pinnatulatus, dim. from pinnatus, pinnate, feathered.] . In bot applied to the leaflet of a pinnate leaf when it is again subdivided. Pinner (pin'êr), m. 1. One that pins or fastens — 2. t A pounder of cattle; a poundkeeper. —3. A pin-maker.—4. t.An apron with a bib to it, pinned in front of the breast; a pinafore. Planché.-5.f A female head-dress, having long flaps hanging down the sides of the cheeks, worn during the i early part of the Pinners. eighteenth century. The term was floo. used as a plural. mers edged with colberteen.” Swift. There her goodly countenance I've seen, Set off with kerchief starch'd and pinners .

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[graphic]
[ocr errors]

formerly used. It consisted of a board with holes, into which the fingers were thrust, and pressed upon with pegs. Written also Pilniewinks. [Scotch.] They prick us and they pine us, and they pit us on the pinnywinkles for witches. Jour }*. Pinole (pi-nóls), n. 1. An aromatic powder used in Italy for making chocolate. Simmonds.-2. The heart of maize baked, ground, and mixed with sugar. Dissolved in water it makes a nutritious and delicious drink. Pin-point (pin'point), n. The point of a pin; hence, a trifle; as, I don't care a pin-point. Pin-rack (pin'rak), m. Naut. an apparatus belonging to the deck of a ship, consisting of a frame with sheaves or pulleys, round which ropes can be worked, and with pins or cleats to which they can be belayed. Pint (pint), n. [D. pint, Fr. and G. pinte, a pint; Sp. pinta, a mark, and also a pint, from the analogy subsisting between a mark and a measure; from L. pingo, pinctum, to paint.] A measure of capacity containing the eighth part of a gallon, or 34:65925 cubic inches. It is applied both to liquid and dry measures, but chiefly to the former. In med. 12 ounces. The Scotch pint, equivalent to 3:0065imperial pints, though no longer a legal measure, is still in use. Pinta (pin'ta), n. [Sp., a mark, from L. pingere, to paint. See PINT.] Blue-stain, a disease which prevails in Mexico. It is a species of dandruff. Pintado (pin-tä'dó), n. [Sp., painted.] The guinea-fowl. Pin-tail (pin'tál), n., The Dafila acuta, a kind of duck about the size of the mallard, with a long wedge-shaped acute tail. It is found in Europe, Asia, and North America, and is esteemed excellent food. Called also Pin-tail Duck. Pintle (pin'tl), n. [Dim. of pin..] A pin or bolt, a term used in various technical senses; as, (a) in artillery, a long iron bolt to prevent the recoil of a cannon. o Naut. an iron bolt by which the rudder is hung to the stern-post. See GoogiNG. (c) A pin passing through an axle to hold on a wheel. (d) The pin on which the leaves of a hinge move. Pint-pot (pint'pot), n. pint. Shak. Pint-stoup (pint'stoup), n. A stoup or pot holding a pint; a pint-pot. [Scotch..] Pinus (pi'nus), n. (L., a pine-tree..] A genus of gymnospermous exogens belonging to the nat. order Coniferae, and consisting for the most part of timber trees, commonly called pine-trees. See PINE.

A pot containing a

Pin-wheel (pin'whél), n. A contrate wheel,

[ocr errors]

with the artist's name or initials prefixed; as,

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]

Pioted (pi'ot-ed), a. Pious (pious), a. [L. pius, pious, devout, affectionate, kind.] 1. Having or exhibiting due respect and affection for parents or other relatives; practising or characterized by the duties of respect and affection toward parents or others.-2. More commonly: (a) duly reverencing and honouring the Supreme Being; devoted to the service of God; godly; devout: $. to persons; as, a very pious man, (b) Dictated by reverence to God; proceeding from piety: applied to things; as, pious awe; pious services or affections; pious sorrow. “Paid more pious debts to heaven." Shak.-3. Practised under the pretence of religion or for a good end; as, pious frauds. With devotion's visage And £ious action, we do sugar o'er The Devil himself. .S./roro. —Pious belief, a Catholic opinion, which is not de fide, or an article of faith, upon some theological proposition which widely prevails but does not rise to the importance of a dogma. —SYN. Godly, devout, religious, holy, righteous. Piously (pi'us-li), adv. devoutly; religiously. Pious-minded (pi'us-mind-ed), a. Of a pious disposition. Pip (pip), n. [D. pip, L.G., pipp, pipps, Fr. pipie, Pr. pepida, from L.L. pipita, for L. pituita, slime, phlegm, the pip in fowls.] A disease of fowls, consisting in a secretion of thick mucus in the mouth, forming a “scale" on the tongue, and by which the nostrils are stopped. A thousand pups eat up your sparrow-hawk! Tennyron. Pip (pip), n. [Fr. pipin, a kernel. Derivation uncertain..] 1. The kernel or seed of fruit, as of an apple, orange, and the like.—2. A o: on cards. –3. One of the rhomboidshaped spaces into which the surface of a H.". le is divided. Pip (p o v.i. [An imitative word, slightly differing in form from peep, Dan. pipe, Sw. pa, G. pipem, to pip. See PEEP, PIPE.] o cry or chirp, as a chicken or bird. It is no unfrequent thing to hear the chick pip and cry in the egg before the shell be broken. Boyle. Pipa (pipa), n. A genus of batrachians, the best-known species of which is the Surinam toad (P. surinamensis), a native of Guiana and other warm parts of America. Its colour

In a pious manner;

Pipa Toad (P. surinamensis).

is brownish-olive above and whitish below. It is sometimes. 7 inches long, and has a peculiarly hideous aspect. It is particularly interesting on account of its mode of rearing the young. After the female has laid the eggs the male places them upon her back, fecundates them, and then presses them into cellules, which at that period open for their reception, and afterwards close over them. In these cellules on the mother's back the are hatched and the young pass their tadpole state, for they do not leave their domicile till their legs are formed. Pipe (pip), n. [A. Sax. and L.G. pipe, a pipe; D. pijp, Sw., and Icell pipa, Dan. pibe, G. pfeife, all of Romance or L.L. origin (Fr. #P. It. Pp. and Sp. pipa, a pipe), from pipo, pipio, to cheep, chirp, or peep, an imitative word.) 1. A wind-instrument of music, consisting of a tube of wood or metal. The word is not now the proper technical name of any particular instrument, but is applicable to any tubular windinstrument, and it occurs in bagpipe. The collection of tubes in an organ which produce the various sounds are called #. or organ-pipes. Pipes supplied with wind from the mouth are usually pierced with several holes, which are stopped by the fingers to vary the pitch of the sounds.

2. A long tube or hollow body made of various materials, as iron, lead, tin, copper, earthenware, &c.: applied to many hollow bodies, particularly such as are used for the conveyance of water, gas, steam, and other fluids.-3. A tube of clay or other material with a bowl at one end, used in smoking tobacco, opium, or other narcotic or medicinal substance.—4. The chief passage of the air in speaking and breathing; the windpipe.—5. The sound of the voice; the voice; a whistle or call of a bird. “The earliest pipe of half-awakened birds.’ Tennysom.–6. A roll in the exchequer, otherwise called the Great Roll, so named from resembling a pipe. Hence pipe-office, an ancient office in the court of exchequer, in which the clerk of the pipe used to make out leases of crown lands, accounts of sheriffs, &c. This office was abolished by the act 3 and 4 Will. IV.-7. A wine measure, usually containing 105 (very nearly) imperial, or 126 wine gallons. Two pipes, or 210 imperial gallons, make a tun. But in practice the size of the pipe varies according to the description of wine it contains. Thus, a pipe of port contains nearly 138 wine gallons; of sherry, 130; of Madeira, 110; and of Lisbon, 140. Called also Butt. —8. In mining, ore running forward endwise in a hole, and not sinking downward or in a vein.—9. Naut, the boatswain's whistle used to call or pipe the men to their various duties; also, the sound of the instrument.— 10, pl. The bagpipe. [Colloq.] Pipe (pip), v.i. pret & pp. piped; ppr. piping. 1. To sound or play on a pipe, fife, flute, or other tubular wind-instrument of music. “Ye that pipe and ye that play.’ Wordsworth. We have piped unto you and ye have not danced. Mat. xi. 17. 2. To have a shrill sound; to whistle. His big manly voice Turning again towards &#. treble, piper And whistles in his sound. hak. 3. To cry; weep. [Scotch.] Pipe (pip), v. t. 1. To play or execute on a wind-instrument. Pipe or harp, except they give a distinction in the sounds, how shall it be known what Befo harped? I Cor. xiv. 7. 2. To utter in a sharp or high tone. 7 A robin . . . was piping a few querulous notes. rving. 3. Naut, to call by means of the boatswain's pipe or whistle. The men are generally in long before they are piped down. Marryat. —To pipe one's eye, to weep; to cry. [Slang.] He heaved a bitter sigh, And then began to eye his pipe, And then fo pipe his eye. Asood. Pipe-case (pip'kās), n. A smoker's pocketcase for holding a tobacco-pipe. Simmonds. Pipe-clay (pip'klä), n., The purest kind of potter's clay, so called from its being manufactured into tobacco-pipes. It is of a grayish or grayish-white colour, and is abundant in Devonshire and Staffordshire, where it is employed in the manufacture of various sorts of earthenware. It is also much used by military for cleaning belts, jackets, trou

[ocr errors]
[ocr errors]
[blocks in formation]
[ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors][ocr errors]
[graphic]
[graphic]
« AnteriorContinuar »