Imágenes de páginas




Pilot-cutter (pi'lot-kut-ér), n. A sharp the eastern rivers. One species (P. cyclo gether, or as a support from which a thing built strong cutter or sea - boat used by pum), 6 inches long, is sometimes ejected may be hung; a peg; a bolt. pilots. in thousands from the crater or the aper

With pins of adamant Pilot-engine (pilot-en-jin), 12. In railways, tures on the sides of volcanoes. They are And chains they made all fast. Milton, a locomotive engine sent on before a train supposed to abound in subterranean lakes. 2. A small piece of wire, generally brass, to clear the way, especially where repairs | Pimentt (pi'ment), n. Wine with a mixture

pointed at one end and with a rounded head have been going on, or as a precursor to a of spice or honey.

at the other, much used as a cheap and train conveying great personages. Pimenta (pi-men'ta) n. Same as Pi.

ready mean of fastening clothes, attaching Pilot-fish (pilot-fish), n. A fish of the fa mento.

papers and the like. Pins were formerly made mily Scomberidæ and genus Naucrates (N. Pimento (pi-men'to), n. (Sp. pimienta, pi by hand labour, and went through some

miento, It. pimento, from L pigmentum, fourteen different processes before they paint, juice of plants, anything spicy.) All

were fit for the market; but several beautispice, the berry of Eugenia Pimenta (Pi.

ful inventions have been employed to make menta officinalis), a tree, native of the West

them entirely or in a great measure by Indies, but cultivated almost exclusively in machinery, for the most part automatic. Jamaica, thence called Jamaica Pepper. The heads, formerly made of a separate The unripe berries, which are about the size

piece of spirally twisted wire, smaller than of a pea, are dried in the sun. The shell

the pin, are now formed in a die from the incloses two seeds, which are roundish, dark body of the pin itself.-3. Often used typiPilot-fish (Naucrates ductor). brown, having a weak aromatic taste. The

cally for a thing of very small value; a berries have an

trifie. ductor), called also Rudder-fish: so named

aromatic taste because it frequently accompanies ships. It

I do not set my life at a pin's fee. Shak. and smell, conis almost a foot long, and much resembles

4. That which resembles a pin in shape or sidered to rethe mackerel, and is supposed to have been

use; as, (a) a peg in stringed musical instrusemble a mix. the pompilius of the ancients, a fish which

ments for increasing or diminishing the tenture of those is said to have pointed out the desired

sion of the strings. (b) A lynch-pin. (c) A of cinnamon, course to navigators, accompanied them

cylindrical roller made of wood; a rollingthroughout their voyage, and left them cloves, and nut

pin. (d) In mach. a short shaft, sometimes when they reached the wished-for land. It meg, whence the

forming a bolt, a part of which serves as a name allspice. was therefore considered sacred. Besides

journal. - 5. The centre of a target; a cen. As an aromatic the habit of attending ships at sea for weeks,

tral part. The very pin of his heart cleft stimulant pi. and even months, the pilot-fish also accom

with the blind bow-boy's butt-shaft.' Shak. mento stands inpanies large sharks; hence it has been sup

6. One of a row of pegs let into a drinking termediate beposed to guide that voracious fish to its

vessel to regulate the quantity which each tween pepper food. The true reason, however, seems to and cloves, and

person was to drink. be that it picks up portions of food unis useful in dys.

He (was) accounted the man who could nick the worthy of the shark's notice.

pin, drinking even unto it, whereas to go above it pepsia depend

or beneath it was a forfeiture.

Fuller. Pllotism, Pilotry (pilot-ism, pilot-ri), n.

ing upon atony Pilotage; skill in piloting. of the stomach,

7: (From the preceding meaning, or from Pulot_jack (pi’lot-jak), n. A union or other

that of the peg of a musical instrument. and in diarrhea

Pimento. flag hoisted by a vessel for a pilot. dependent upon

Mood; humour; disposition; frame of Pilot-Jacket (pi’lot-jak-et), n. A pea-jacket,

mind. The calender right glad to find his a similar cause. Pimento yields by distillasuch as is worn by seamen. See PEA-JACKET. tion an oil resembling oil of cloves.

friend in merry pin.' Cowper.-8. An obPilot-star (pilot-stär), n. A guiding-star. Pimgenett (pim'je-net), n. A pimple on the

scurity of vision dependent upon

a speck in ‘Enid, the pilot-star of my lone life.' Ten

the cornea; the speck itself. Called also face. Nares. nyson.

Pin and Web. ‘All eyes blind with the pin Pilous (pil’us), a. (L. pilosus. See PILOSE.) Pimp (pimp), n. [Origin unknown. Perhaps

and web.' Shak.-9. A noxious humour in a nasalized form of pipe (Pr. pimpa, a pipe), 1. Hairy; abounding with hair. Dr. Robin

a hawk's foot.-10. The leg; as, to knock one lit. to whistle for females like a call-bird.] son.-2. Consisting of hair. One who provides gratifications for the lust Pin (pin), v.t. pret. & pp. pinned; ppr. pin

off his pins. (Slang. ) Pilsert (pil'sér), n. A moth or fly that runs

of others; a procurer; a pander. into a flame. Ainsworth. Pllula (pil'ü-la), n. pl. Pllulæ (pil'ü-le). Pimp (pimp), v.i. To pander; to procure

ning. [From the noun.] 1. To fasten with

a pin or with pins of any kind; as, to pin lewd women for the gratification of others. [Dim. of L. pila, a ball.) In phar. a pill.

the clothes; to pin boards or timbers.

But he's possest with a thousand imps,
Pllular (pil'ü-ler), a, Pertaining to pills; To work whose ends his madness pimps. Swift.

Not Cynthia, when her manteau's pinnid awry,
Ere felt such rage.

Pope. as, a pilular mass; a pilular form. Pllularla (pil-ü-lā'ri-a), n. (From L. pilula, Pimpernel (pim'pér-nel), n. (Fr. pimpre

2. To fasten; to make fast; to join and fasten nelle. See PIMPINELLA.) The name of Ānaa pill, from the shape of the heads contain

together. ing the reproductive organs.) A genus of

gallis arvensis, a little red-flowered pros She lifted the princess from the earth, and so creeping plants belonging to the nat. order

trate annual found in cornfields; nat. order locks her in einbracing, as if she would pin her to Primulaceæ. It is often called the Shep her heart.

Shak. Marsileaceæ. P. globulifera, or creeping

herd's or Poor Man's Hour-glass, as it opens pillwort, is a British species found on the

3. To seize; to clutch; to hold fast. (Colloq.] margins of lakes and pools, and in places its flowers every morning about seven in

Haven't I come into court twenty afternoons for these latitudes, and closes them about two; no other purpose than to see you pin the chancelthat are partially overflowed. It has a slenbut when rain falls, or the air is charged lor like a bull-dog.

Dickens. der creeping root-stock, and bright green grass-like leaves, at the base of which are

with moisture, the flowers do not open at 4. To steal. [Slang. ) the round brown fan-celled capsules.

all. The water pimpernel is Veronica Ana- Pin (pin), v.t. 1. To inclose; to confine; to Pulumnus (pi-lum'nus), n. [L. pilus, a hair. ]

gallis; the yellow pimpernel, Lysimachia pen or pound. Crabbe. 2. To aim at or nemorum.

strike with a stone. Sir W. Scott. (Scotch.) 1. A genus of brachyurous decapod crustaceans, so called from the carapace being cov

Pimpinella (pim-pi-nel'la), n. [It. pimpi [This sense probably arises from pinning one

nella, Catal. pampinella, L. pampinus, a vine with a javelin.] ered with hairs. -2. Bonaparte's name for the North American genus of woodpeckers,

shoot.) A genus of plants belonging to the Pin (pin), n. In China, a petition or address

nat. order Umbelliferæ, which inhabit the Sphyrapicus.

of foreigners to the emperor or any of his meadows and mountains of Europe princiPilwe,t n. A pillow. Chaucer.

deputies. Pilwe-bere, n. The covering of a pillow;

pally. The most important species is the Pinacem (pi-nā'se-ē), n. pl. A name given a pillow-bear; a pillow-case. Chaucer.

P. anisum, or anise plant, which yields the by Lindley to the Coniferæ. Pimaric (pi-mar'ik), a. A term applied to an

anise of the shops. (See ANISE.) The Brit- Pina-cloth (pi'na-kloth), n. [Sp. piña, the

ish species are known by the name of Buracid resin occurring in the turpentine of the

pine-apple.) A delicate, soft, transparent maritime pine. net-saxifrage.

cloth made in the Philippine Islands from

the fibres of the pine-apple leaf. It is genPimelic (pi-mel'ik), a. [Gr. pimelé, fat.] Pimping (pimp'ing), a. (Comp. G. pimpelig, Obtained from a fatty substance.-Pimelic

pimpelnd, sickly, weak, little.) Little; petty. erally tinged with yellow, and beautifully

He had no paltry arts, no pimping ways.' embroidered by the needle. It is made into acid (C,H120), an acid which results from

Crabbe. (Rare.) the action of nitric acid on oleic acid.

shawls, scarts, handkerchiefs, and the like. Pimellte (pim'el-it),

n. (Gr. pimelé

, fat, Pimple (pim'pl), m. (A. Sax. pinpel, a pimple, Pinacotheca (pin'a-ko-thëʻka),n. (Gr. pinaz. and lithos, stone.) A mineral of an apple

possibly a nasalized form of L. papula, a pinakos, a picture, and thēkė, a repository.] green colour, fat and unctuous to the touch,

pimple; comp. A. Sax. pipelian, to break A picture gallery. tender, and not fusible by the blowpipe. It

out in pimples; also W. promp, pumpi, a Pinafore (pin'a-for), n. A sort of garment

knob, a round mass.) A small acuminated is supposed to be coloured by nickel." It is

or apron worn by children to protect the elevation of the cuticle, with an inflamed front part of their dress; a child's apron. a variety of steatite. Pimelodus (pi-mel-o'dus), n. [Gr. pimele,

base, very seldom containing a fluid or sup- Pinang (pi-nang'), mh The betel-nut (Areca

purating, and commonly terminating in fat, and eidos, likeness.] A genus of mala

Catechu). scurf or desquaniation.

Pinaster (pi-nas'ter), n. [L., from pinus,
Pimpled (pim'pld), a. Having pimples on pine.) A species of pine growing in the south

the skin; full of pimples. Johnson. of Europe (Pinus Pinaster).
Pimplike (pimp'sīk), a. Like a pimp; vile; Pinaxt (pi'naks), n. (Gr.] 'A tablet; a list;
infamous; mean.

a register; hence, that on which anything,
Pimply (pim'pli),a. Full of pimples; spotted. as a scheme or plan, is inscribed.
Pimpship (pimp’ship), n. The office, occu Consider whoreabout thou art in that old philoso-
pation, or person of a pimp.

phical pinax of the life of man. Sir. T. Browne. Pimelodus cyclopum.

Pin (pin), n. (D. pin, pen, L. G. pinn, pinne, Pinbouket (pin'bouk), n. A kind of bucket.
Dan. pind, Sw. and G. pinne, W. pin, a pin,

In pails, kits, dishes, pinboukes, bowls, copterygian abdominal fishes, separated a peg, &c., from L. penna or pinna, a fea

Their scorched bosoms merrily they baste. from the genus Silurus of Linnæus. The ther, a pen, also a pinnacle.] 1. A piece of

Drayton. species are numerous, and are found chiefly metal, wood, or the like, frequently pointed, Pinbuttock (pin'but-ok), n. A sharp anguin South America, the Nile, and some of and used for fastening separate articles to lar buttock. Shak.





Pincase (pin'kās), n. A case for holding pins. ion or pad stuffed with some soft material, secrete. About 70 species are known, amongst Pincers (pin'sérz), n. pl. (From pinch, Fr. in which pins are stuck for safety and pre which are the Canadian pine (Pinus resinpincer, whence pince, pincers.] 1. A well servation.

osa), the white pine (P. Strobus), the red pine known instrument by which anything is Pinda (pin'dä), n. In India, a cake of rice griped in order to be drawn out, as a nail, and sweetmeats offered to expiate the sins or kept fast for some operation. -2. The of ancestors. nippers of certain animals, as of insects and Pindal, Pindar (pin'dal, pin'där), n. Amercrustaceans; the prehensile claws.

ican and West Indian names for the groundEvery ant brings a small particle of that earth in nut (Arachis hypogæa). her piicers, and lays it by the hole. Addison, Pindart (pin'der). Same as Pinner, 1. DraySometimes called Pinchers.

ton. Pinch (pinsh), v.t. [Fr. pincer, to pinch; It. Pindaree, Pindara (pin'da-rē, pin'da-ra), pizzare, to pinch, Sp. pizcar, also pinchar

n. [Hind., freebooter. ) A member of a (the latter to prick), according to Diez from

horde of mounted robbers who used to inthe German, with nazal inserted; Bav. pfit,

fest the possessions of the East India Comzen, O.D. pitsen, to pinch.] 1. To press hard pany. They were dispersed in 1817 by the or squeeze between the ends of the fingers, Marquis of Hastings: the teeth, claws, or with an instrument, Pindaric (pin-dar'ik), a. After the style &c.; to squeeze or compress between any and manner of Pindar. My Pindaric ode.' two hard bodies; to nip.-2. To straiten; to Southey. distress; to afflict; to pain; as, hunger pinches Pindaric (pin-dar'ik), n. An ode in imitathe belly; to be pinched for want of food.

tion of the odes of Pindar the Grecian lyric Want of room upon the earth, pinching a whole

poet; an irregular ode. Addison. nation, begets the remediless war. Sir W. Raleigh. Pindarical (pin-dar'ik-al), a. Same as Pin3. To injure or nip with frost.

daric. Cowley.

Pindarism (pin'dar-izm), n. An imitation The air hath starved the roses in her cheeks

of Pindar. And pinch'd the lily-tincture of her face. Shak.

Stone Pine (Pinus Pinea). 4. To press hard; to try thoroughly.

Pindarism prevailed about half a century, but, at

last, died gradually away, and other imitations supThis is the way to pinch the question. Collier. ply its place.


(P. sylvestris, P. australis, also P. resinosa), 5. To press upon and seize; to gripe and bite: Pindarist (pin'dar-ist), n. An imitator of

the yellow pine (P. mitis, also P. australis), said of an animal. Pindar. Johnson.

the pitch pine (P. rigida, also P. australis), A hound, a freckled hind Pindert (pin'der), n. One who impounds; a

the wild pine or Scotch fir (P. sylvestris), In full course hunted; on the foreskirts yet pounder.

and its variety Braemar or Speyside pine He pinched and pulled her down. Chapman. . Pindjajap (pind'ja-jap), n. A boat of Suma

(P. horizontalis), both of the highest value 6. To lift between the finger and thumb. tra and the Malay Archipelago, with one to

for their timber, as well for their other proNot one to flirt a venom at her eye three masts, generally two, carrying square

ducts, as turpentine, tar, pitch, resin, &c., Or pinch a murderous dust into her drink.

the stone pine (P. Pinea), growing on the Tennyson.

shores of the Mediterranean, and often inPinch (pinsh), v.i. 1. To act with pressing

troduced into pictures, the Mugho pine (P. force; to bear hard; to be puzzling.

Pumilio), growing on the Alps and Pyrenees But thou

and yielding Hungarian balsam, the cluster Know'st with an equal hand to hold the scale,

pine (P. Pinaster), growing in the south of Seest where the reasons pinch, and where they fail.

Europe and yielding Bordeaux turpentine, Dryden, 2. To spare; to be straitened; to be niggardly.

&c. There are many plants of other genera The wretch whom avarice bids to pinch and spare,

called pines, though chiefly of the same Starve, steal, and pilfer to enrich an heir.

coniferous family. Thus Amboyna pine is Franklin,

Dammara orientalis, Chili pine is Arau-To know or feel where the shoe pinches, to

caria imbricata, and Huon pine is Dacrydiknow or have practical and personal expe

um Franklinii, while the ground-pine is rience as to where the chief point of diffi

Ajuga Chamæpitys, and the screw pine is culty or cause of trouble in any matter lies.

Pandanus. — 2. The pine-apple; also the Pinch (pinsh), n. 1. A close compression with

plant that produces it. the ends of the fingers or something else; a

Pine (pin), v.i. pret. pined; ppr. pining. nip.-2. A gripe; a pang.

[A. Sax pinan, to pain or torture, and to pine There cannot be a pinch in death

or languish. The same word as pain in a More sharp than this is. Skak.

slightly different form.] 1. To languish; to 3. Distress inflicted or suffered; pressure;

lose flesh or wear away under any distress oppression; straits; difficulty. Necessity's

or anxiety of mind; to grow lean: followed sharp pinch.' Shak.-4. A strong iron lever;

often by away. a crowbar.

Pindjajap of Sumatra,

Ye shall not mourn nor weep; but ye shall pine Pinches or forehammers will never pick upon't,

away for your iniquities.

Ezek. xxiv, 23. said Hugh, the blacksmith.

sails, and having both the stem and stern 2. To languish with desire; to waste away 5. As much as is taken by the finger and

much projected. Pindjajaps are employed with longing for something: usually folthumb; a small quantity, generally of snuff. in bringing spices, cacao, and areca-nuts to lowed by for 'For whom, and

not for Ty-On or at a pinch, on an emergency.

the ports frequented by Europeans, and are balt, Juliet pined.' Shak.—SYN. To languish, A good sure friend is a better help at a pinch, than also fitted out as pirate vessels.

droop, flag, wither, decay. all the stratagems of a man's own wit. Bacon.

Pin-drill (pin'dril), n. A drill used for cut- Pine (pin), v.t. pret. & pp. pined; ppr. pinPinchbeck (pinsh'bek), n. [From the name

ting a recess for a bolt-head or for enlarg ing. 1. To pain or torment; to distress; to of the inventor, a London watchmaker of ing a hole.

wear out; to make to languish. Pined the last century.) An alloy of copper and

Pindust (pin'dust), n. Small particles of with pain.' Dryden. zinc, consisting of 80 parts of the former metal produced in the manufacture of pins.

One is pined in prison; another tortur'd on the rack. metal to 20 parts of the latter. It is a comThe little particles of pindust, when mingled with

Bg. Hall. sand, cannot, by their mingling, make it lighter. position somewhat like gold in colour, and

2. To grieve for; to bemoan in silence.

Sir K. Digby was formerly much used for cheap jewelry. Pine (pin), n. [From L. pinus, a pine-tree.

Abashed the devil stood ... and saw Hence when used adjectively it has fre

Virtue in her own shape how lovely; saw and pined See PINUS.] 1. The

His loss.

Niton. quently the meaning of sham; not genuine; popular name of brummagem

trees of the genus

Pine (pin), n. 1.+ Woe; want; penury; misPinched (pinsht), p. and a. Petty; contemp Pinus, nat. order

ery. -2. Pain; torment. [Obsolete and tible. Shak. Coniferæ, consist

Scotch. )-Done to pine, put to death; starved Pincher (pinsh'er), n. 1. One who or that ing of lofty ever

to death. Spenser. which pinches. — 2. Among quarrymen, &c.,

Pineal (pin'ē-al), a. green trees, with

(Fr. pinéale, from L. a person using a pinch, in contradistinction acicular leaves,

pinea, the cone of a pine, from pinus, a pine to those otherwise engaged in moving a and branches dis

-applied to the gland from the shape of the stone, &c. posed in a verti

organ.] Pertaining to a pine-cone or rePinchers (pinsh'érz), n. pl. See PINCERS. cillate form. The

sembling it in shape. In anat pineal gland, Pinchfist (pinch'fist), n. A miser; a niggard. flowers are mono

also called Conarium, a part of the brain, a Pinch-gut (pinsh'gut), n. A miserly person. cious, and the

heart-like substance consisting of degenerPinchingly (pinsh'ing-li), adv. In a pinch fruit is a cone,

ated brain structure, about the bigness of a ing way. having the seeds

pea, situated immediately over the corpora Pinch-penny (pinsh'pen-ni), n. A niggard. attached to the

quadrigemina, and hanging from the thalHe hath to his father a certain felow, greedy of inside of each

ami nervorum opticorum by two crura or money, a wretched felowe in his house, and a very scale. The pines,

peduncles. It was fancifully considered by pinch-penny, as drie as a kexe. Udall.

Descartes as the seat of the soul. together with the Pinch-spotted (pinsh'spot-ed), a. Discolspruces and

Courtiers and spaniels exactly resemble one an. oured from having been pinched, as the larches, abound

other in the pineal gland, Arbrch rot & Pogle. skin. Shak. in temperate cli

Pine-apple (pin'ap-1), n. [Pine and apple Pinc-pinc (pingk’pingk), n. [From its cry.] mates, and

- from the fruit being shaped like a pineOne of the African warblers (Drymoica tex among the most

cone.] 1. The fruit of Ananassa sativa, nat. trix), which is remarkable for building a useful of the pro

order Bromeliaceæ, so called from its rebeautiful nest, something like that of the ducts of the vege- White Pine (Pinus Strobus). semblance to the cone of the pine-tree. It long-tailed titmouse, with a supplementary table creation, on

is indigenous to South America and some nest outside for the use of the male.

account of the valuable timber which they of the West India Islands, but has been Pin-cushion (pin'kysh-on), n. A small cush yield, and the resinous matter which they successfully cultivated in England. Its









flavour is delicious, and in richly manured Piney-tallow (pi'ni-tal-10), n. A concrete municated. – 5. A fetter or band for the soils it grows to a large size, weighing from fatty substance resembling wax obtained by

Ainsworth. 6 to 11 lbs. and even

boiling with water the fruit of the Vateria Pinion (pin'yon), v.t. 1. To bind or confine more. A species of cloth

indica, a tree common upon the Malabar the wings of; to confine by binding the wings. has been manufactured

coast. It partakes of the nature of stearine, 2. To disable by cutting off the first joint of from the fibres of the

and forms excellent candles. Called also the wing.-3. To disable or render incapleaves of this plant. The Malabar Tallow.

able of resistance by binding or confining varieties are numerous.

Piney-varnish (pi'ni-vär-nish), n. A resin the arm or arms to the body; to shackle; to 2. The plant itself. –

ous fluid which exudes from the bark of the fetter, Pine-apple rum, rum Vateria indica when wounded, used in mak

Know, sir, that I flavoured with sliced ing varnish; liquid-copal.

Will not wait pinion'd at your master's court. Shak. pine-apples.

Pinfeather (pin'feth-ér), n. A small or short His right arm pierced, and holding on, bereft Pineaster (pin-as'ter). feather; a feather not fully grown.

His use of both, and pinion'd down his left. See PINASTER.

Dryden. Pinfeathered (pin'feph-érd), a. Having the 4. To attach by chains or bonds of some Pine-barren (pin'bar

feathers only beginning to shoot; not fully kind. “Some slave of mine be pinioned to en), n. A tract of arid

fledged: sometimes used figuratively. their side.' Pope. land, producing pines.

Hourly we see some raw pinfeather'd thing

Pinionistt (pin'yon-ist), 1z. (United States.)

A winged ani. Attempt to mount, and fights and heroes sing; Pine-beetle (pin'bē-tl),

mal; a bird. *All the flitting pinionists of Who for false quantities was whipt at school,

air.' W. Browne. (Rare.) n. Same as Pine-chafer.


Pinion-wire (pin'yon-wir), n. Wire formed Pine-chafer (pin'chāf

Pinfold (pin'föld), n. (Also written penfold, into the shape and size required for the ér), n. A small coleop- Pine-apple (Ananassa

and formerly also pynfold, from pin, pen, pinions of clocks and watches; it is drawn terous insect of the fa sativa).

A. Sax. pyndan, to pound, to pen, to shut in the same manner as round wire through mily Xylophagi, very

in, and fold. See POUND.) A place in which destructive to Scotch pines. It attacks the

plates whose holes correspond in section to cattle straying and doing damage are tem the shape of the wire. terminal shoots, eating its way into their porarily confined; a pound. 'Cattle in a pin Pinite (pin'īt), n. [From Pini, a mine in heart, thus converting the shoot into a tube. fold.' Hudibras. Called also Pine-beetle.

Saxony] A mineral formed from iolite by Pin-footed (pin'fyt-ed), a. Having the toes the action of alkaline waters. It is found Pine-clad (pin'klad), a. Clad or covered or foot bordered by a membrane. with pines.

in prismatic crystals of a greenish white Ping (ping), n. [Imitative.) The sound made Pine-cone (pin'kon), n.

colour, brown, or deep red. The cone or strobi.

by a bullet, as from a rifle, in passing through lus of a pine-tree.

Pinites (pi'nits), n. pl. (See PINUS.) A genthe air.

eral name for all fossil wood which exhibits Pine-crowned (pin'kround), a. Crowned | Pinglet (ping'gl), 9. [Perhaps from pin or traces of having belonged to the pine tribe. or surmounted with pine-trees.

pen, to inclose, to impound. ) A small piece Stormonth. Pine-finch (pin'finsh), n. A bird (Loxia or of inclosed ground. A little pingle or plot Pink (pingk), r. (Allied to pink, winking, Corythus enucleator) nearly allied to the of ground.' North.

pink, to wink; D. pinken, to twinkle with bullfinches and crossbills, rarely seen in Pinglert (ping'ler), n. A cart-horse; a work

the eyes, to wink; Sc. pinkie, applied to the Britain, but abundant in Europe, Asia, and horse. "Judging all to be clownes which be eye when small or contracted. Comp. Fr. America. It frequents pine forests, is easily not courtiers, and all to be pinglers that be æillet, an eyelet-hole, and a pink (the flower) tamed, and its song is rich and full. Called not coursers. Lyly.

--dim. of vil, an eye.] 1. The name given also Pine-grossbeak.

Pingster (ping'stër), n. [D. pinkster, G. Pine-fish (pin'fish), n.

to various plants and flowers of the genus A name in the Shet

pfingsten, lit. pentecost, of which word it is lands for fish dried in the open air,

a modification.) Whitsuntide. Spelled also Pinefult (pin'ful), a. Full of woe, pain, or Pinkster, Pinxter. [Dutch-American.) misery. Pineful penury. . Bp. Hall. Pinguefyt (pin'gwe-fi), v.t. To fatten. HolPine-grossbeak (pin'gros-bēk), n.. Same as land. Pine-finch.

Pinguicula (pin-gwi’kū-la), 1. [From L. Pine-house (pīn'hous), n. A pinery.

pinguis, fat; in allusion to the greasiness of Pine-kernel (pinkér-nel), . The seed of the leaves.) A genus of plants, nat, order the stone pine (Pinus Pinea), common in Lentibulariaceæ. The species are pretty the Mediterranean countries, and used as herbaceous plants, growing usually in damp an article of food.

places, natives of the extra-tropical regions Pine-knot (pīn'not), n. A pine-cone. (United of the northern hemisphere. They have States.)

rosettes of fleshy radical leaves, and solitary Pine-marten (pin'mär-ten), n. The Mustela purple, violet, or yellow flowers. In English

Martes or Martes abietum. See MARTEN. they are known by the name of butterwort. Pine-mast (pin'mast), n. Pine-cones col The viscid secretion on their leaves enables lectively. See MAST.

them to catch insects, the soft parts of Pinenchyma (pi-nen'ki-ma), n. [Gr. pinax, whose bodies they have the power of disa table, and enchyma, an infusion.] In solving and absorbing. P. vulgaris (the combot. cellular tissue composed of tabular mon butterwort) has the property of coagucells.

lating milk. Pine-needle-wool (pīn'nē-dl-wul), n. A Pinguid (ping'gwid), a. (L. pinguis, fat.)

Pink variegated. fibrous substance obtained by treating the Fat; unctuous. "Some clays are more pinbuds and leaves of pine and fir trees with a guid. Mortimer.

Dianthus, from some of the species being solution of carbonate of soda, and used for Pinguidinous (ping-gwid'in-us), a. (From

marked with small dots resembling eyes, stufting mattresses, and for wadding, blan L. pinguedo, fatness. ] Containing fat; fatty;

as the clove pink or carnation (D. Caryokets, &c. It is prepared chiefly in the Black adipose.

phyllus) and garden pink, of which there are Forest. Called also Pine-wool.

Pinguin (pin'gwin), n. A plant used in the many varieties. Pinks are much cultivated in Pine-oil (pin'oil), n. An oil, resembling tur West Indies for hedgerows; the Bromelia

gardens, and esteemed for the elegance and pentine, obtained from pine and fir trees, Pinguin.

rich spicy odour of their flowers. Several

"The used in making colours and varnishes.

species are found wild in Britain. Pinguitude (ping gwi-tūd), n. (L. pinguiPinery (pin'ér-i), n. 1. A hothouse in which tudo, from pinguis, fat.) Fatness; a growing


dappled pink and blushing rose. pine-apples are raised.

See DIANTHUS.-2. A light red colour or pigfat.

Called also Pinestove. -2. A place where pine-trees grow; a Pinhold (pin'hõld), n. A place at which a

ment resembling that of the common garden pine forest. pin holds or makes fast.

pink. Also a term applied to several pigPine-sap (pin'sap), n. A plant of the genus Pinhole (pin'hõl), n. A small hole made by

ments of a yellow or greenish-yellow colour, Monotropa (M. Hypopitys), which grows on the puncture or perforation of a pin; a very

prepared by precipitating vegetable juices * the roots of pine and beech trees in moist small aperture.

on a white earth, such as chalk, alumina, shady places. Pinic (pi'nik), a. Pertaining to or derived

&c. Fairholt.-3. Anything supremely exPine-stove (pīn'stov), n. See PINERY, 1. from the pine-tree; as, pinic acid.

cellent. "The very pink of perfection.' Gold

smith. Pine-thistle (pin'this-1), n. A plant of the Piningly (pin'ing-li), adv. In a pining or

I am the very pink of courtesy. Shak. genus Atractylis, the A. gummifera, the languishing manner; by wasting away. root of which abounds with a gummy mat Pinion (pin'yon), n. [Fr. pignon, a pinion 4. A fish, the minnow: so called from the ter, which exudes when it is wounded. It or small wheel, Norm. Fr. a pen; Sp. piñon, colour of its abdomen in summer.-5. A foxgrows in the south of Europe, where the a joint of a bird's wing, a small wheel; Prov. hunter's coat: from the usual colour. With flower-stalks are dressed with oil and used Fr. pinon, a feather; from L. pinna, penna, pea-coats over their pinks.' Macmillan's as food. a feather.] 1. The joint

Mag. Pine-tree (pin'trē), n. A tree of the genus of a fowl's wing re

Pink (pingk), a. [See above. ] 1. HalfPinus; pine.-Pine-tree money,money coined motest from the body

shut; winking. Plumpy Bacchus with pink in Massachusetts in the seventeenth cen 2. A feather; a quill.

eyne.' Shak.-2. Resembling in colour the tury; so called from the figure, resembling a He is pluckt, when hither

most frequent hue of the pink; as, a pink pine-tree, impressed upon it. He sends so poor a pinion

dress.- Pink salt, ammonia combined with Pinetum (pi-nē'tum), n. [L., a pine planta of his wing Shak.

perchloride of tin, used as a mordant by tion.) A plantation or collection of growing 3. A wing. 'On trem

dyers. pine-trees of different kinds, especially for bling pinions soar.

Pink (pingk), v.t. [Of same origin as pink, n., ornamental or scientific purposes. Pope. - 4. A small

or a nasalized form of pick; the latter espePinewood (pin'wyd), n. 1. A wood of pine wheel which plays in

cially suits meaning 3.] 1. To work in eyetrees. -2. Pine timber. Tennyson. the teeth of a larger,

let-holes; to pierce with small holes for Pine-wool (pīn'wyl), n. See PINE-NEEDLE or sometimes only an

ornament; to ornament with holes, scolWOOL. arbor or spindle, hav- Spur-wheel and Pinion a.

lops, &c. 'A doublet of black velvet Piney (pin'i), a. Pertaining to pines; abound ing notches or leaves,

pinked upon scarlet satin.' Sir W. Scott. ing with pines. 'Between the piney sides which are caught successively by the teeth

The sea-hedgehog is inclosed in a round shell, of this long glen.' Tennyson, of the wheel, and the motion thereby com handsonely wrought and pinked.


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2. To stab; to pierce; to wound with a sword Swift as a swallow sweeps the liquid way, ther-cleft.-A pinnatifid leaf is a species of or rapier.

The winged pinnace shot along the sea. Pope.

simple leaf, divided transversely by oblong They grew such desperate rivals for her that one 2. A procuress; a go-between for immoral horizontal segments or jags, reachof them pinked the other in a duel. Addison. purposes. B. Jonson.

ing nearly to the midrib, and 3. To choose; to select; to cull. Pink out Pinnacle (pin'a-kl), n. (Fr. pinacle, L.L. dividing the leaf into irregular of tales the mirth but not the sin.' G. Her. pinnaculum, from L pinna, a feather.] forms termed lobes. The groundbert.—4. To dye of a pink colour. Goodrich. 1. In arch. any lesser structure, whatever sel affords a familiar illustration. Pink (pingk), v. i. (D. pinken, to wink.) To be its form, that rises above the roof of a Pinnatilobate, Pinnatilobed wink.

(pin-nat'i-lob"át, pin-nat'i-lobd),

In bot. having the lobes ar-
A hungry fox lay winking and pinking as if he had
sore eyes.

ranged pinnately. Pink (pingk), n. [D. and Dan.) A ship with

Pinnatipartite (pin-nat'i-pärt"

it), a. a very narrow stern: a build now obsolete.

(L. pinnatus, feathered, Pink-coloured (pingk'kul-ėrd), a. Having

from pinna, a feather, and parthe colour of the pink.

titus, divided.) In bot. having the Pinnatifid

Leaf. Pinked (pingkt), p. and a. Pierced or worked

nervures pinnated, the lobes sewith small holes; reticulated.

parated beyond the middle, and A haberdasher's wife of small wit rail'd upon me,

the parenchyma uninterrupted, as in Polytill her pink'd porringer fell off her head. Shak.

podium aureum.

Pinnatiped (pin-nat'i-ped), a. [L. pinnatus, Pink-eye (pingk'i), n. A small eye. Thack

feathered, from pinna, a feather, and pes, eray.

pedis, a foot.) Fin-footed; having the toes Pink-eyed (pingk'id), a. Having small eyes.

bordered by membranes, as certain birds. Holland.

Pinnatiped (pin-nat'i-ped), n. A bird which Pinking-iron (pingk'ing-i-érn), n. A cutting

has the toes bordered by membranes. instrument for scolloping the edges of rib

Pinnatisect (pin-natsi-sekt), a. (L. pinnabons, flounces, paper for coffin trimmings,

tus, feathered, from pinna, a feather, and &c. Simmonds. Pink-needle (pingk'nē-dl), n. A shepherd's

seco, sectum, to cut.] In bot. having the

lobes divided down to the midrib and the bodkin. Sherwood.

parenchyma interrupted. Pink-root (pingk’röt), n. The root of the

Pinnatulate (pin-natū-lat), a. [L. pinnatuIndian pink (Spigelia marilandica), used in

latus, dim. from pinnatus, pinnate, feamedicine as a vermifuge.


In bot. apPinkster (pingk'stér). n. Whitsuntide.

plied to the leaflet of a Pinkster frolics.' J. F. Cooper. See PING

pinnate leaf when it is STER.

again subdivided. Pink-stern (pingk'stèrn), n. Naut. a ship

Pinner (pin'er), n. 1. One with a high narrow stern; a pink.

that pins or fastens. Pink-sterned (pingk'stérnd), a. Naut.

2. A pounder of cattle; having a very narrow stern. Early English Pinnacle, Perpendicular Pinnacle,

a poundkeeper.

- 3. A Pin-maker (pin'māk-ér), n. One whose oc Beverley Minster. Trinity Church, Cambridge.

pin-maker.-4. An apron cupation is to make pins.

with a bib to it, pinned Pin-money, (pin'mun-i), 12. An allowance building, or that caps and terminates the

in front of the breast; a made by a husband to his wife for her sep higher parts of other buildings or of but

pinafore. Planché.–5. TA arate use, to be applied in the purchase of tresses. The application of the term is now

female head-dress, hayapparel, ornaments for her person, or for

generally limited to an ornamental spire, private expenditure. standing on parapets, angles, and buttresses,

ing long flaps hanging

down the sides of the It was stipulated that she should have £400 a year

and usually adorned with rich and varied for pin-money.

cheeks, worn during the Addison. devices. Decorated pinnacles are very nu

early part of the Pinners. Pinna (pin'a), n. pl. Pinnæ (pin'ė). (L. pinna,

merous, they have the shafts sometimes penna, a feather, a wing, a fin.) i. În zool. formed into niches, and sometimes pan

eighteenth century. The (a) the wing or feather of a bird. (6) The elled or quite plain, and each of the sides

term was generally used as a plural. 'PinAn of a fish.-2. In anat. the pavilion of the almost invariably terminates in a pediment;

ners edged with colberteen.' Swift. ear, that part which projects beyond the

the tops are generally crocketed, and have There her goodly.countenance I've seen, head.-3. In bot. a leaflet of a pinnate leaf; finials on the points; they are usually square,

Set off with kerchief starch'd and pinners clean.

Gay. a primary branch of the petiole of a bipin

but are sometimes octagonal, and in a few Pinnett (pin'et), n. A pinnacle. nate, or tripinnate leaf: in this sense written instances hexagonal and pentagonal. With also Pinnula.

glistering spires and pinnacles adorned.' Blazed battlement and pinnet high, Pinna (pin'a), n. [L. pinna, Milton.--2. Something resembling a pinna

azed every rose-carved buttress fair.

Sir W. Scott. Gr. pinna, á kind of mus

cle, as a rocky peak; a sharp or pointed Pinniform (pin'i-form),a. [L. pinna, penna,

summit. sel.) A genus of marine bi

Far off, three mountain tops,

a feather, and forma, form.] Having the valves belonging to the family

Three silent pinnades of aged snow,

form of a fin or feather. Aviculidæ. They are com

Stood sunset-flush'd.

Tennyson. Pinnigrada (pin'i-grā-da), n. pl. (L. pinna, monly called wing-shells, and are remarkable for the size of Pinnacle (pin'a-kl), v.t. pret. and pp. pin

a fin, a feather, &c., and gradior, to go.) A the byssus by which they adnacled; ppr. pinnacling. To put a pin

section of the carnivorous order of mammals, here to rocks. It is remarknacle or pinnacles on; to furnish with pin

in which the fore and hind limbs are short, nacles.

and are expanded into broad, webbed swimably long and delicate, is very strong, has a beautiful

The pediment of the southern transept is pin.

ming paddles. The hind-feet are placed nacled, not inelegantly, with a flourished cross.

very far back, nearly in a line with the axis silky lustre, and is capable of

T. Warton. of the body, and they are more or less tied being woven into cloth, upon

Pinnaget (pin'āj), n. Poundage of cattle. down to the tail by the integuments. The which a very high value is See POUND.

section comprises the seals and walruses. set. This manufacture was Pinnate, Pinnated (pin'āt, pin'āt-ed), a. (L.

Called also Pinnipedia. known to the ancients, and Pinna Aabellum.

pinnatus, from pinna, a feather or fin.) 1. In Pinnigrade (pin'i-grād), n. In zool. a memis now practised in Italy. bot. shaped and webbed or branching like a

ber of the section Pinnigrada. Some species of pinnæ attain very large

feather; formed like a feather. -- Pinnate Pinninerved (pin'i-nérvd), a. In bot. a term dimensions, and measure about 2 feet long, leaf, in bot. a species of com

applied to a compound leaf having pinnate with a byssus of the same length.

pound leaf wherein a single Pinnace (pin'ās), n. (Fr. pinasse, Sp. pin

petiole has several leaflets at

Pinniped (pin'i-ped), n. (L. pinna, a wing aza, Pg. pinaca, It. pinaccia, pinazza, a tached to each side of it.-Pin

or fin, and pes, pedis, a foot.) A fin-footed pinnace, from L. pinus, a pine-tree.] 1. Naut. nate cirrose leaf, one that is

animal; an animal with swimming feet; spe(a) a small vessel propelled by oars and winged, and terminates with

cifically, one of the Pinnigrada (which see). tendril. - A paripinnate,

Pinnipedia (pin-i-pē'di-a), n. pl. [L. pinná, equally, or abruptly pinnate

a feather, and pes, pedis, a foot.] See PINleaf, a winged leaf ending with

NIGRADA. a pair of pinnæ. – An impari

Pinnock (pin'ok), n. 1. A small bird, the pinnate, or unequally pinnate

tomtit.-2. A tunnel under a road to carry leaf, a winged leaf with a single

off the water; a culvert. (Local.] terminal leaflet. - Articulate

Pinnothere (pin'o-thér), n. A crab of the pinnate leaf, a winged leaf, Pinnate Leaf. genus Pinnotheres. having the common foot-stalk

Pinnotheres (pin-o-thē'rēz), n. [L. pinna, jointed. - Oppositely pinnate, having the a kind of shellfish, and Gr. thērão, to purleaflets placed opposite to each other. - Al sue.] A genus of small crabs found upon ternately pinnate, having the leaflets placed our coasts, belonging to the brachyurous alternately on the footstalk.-Interruptedly decapods. They are found during a porpinnate, having smaller and greater leaflets tion of the year in different bivalve shells. intermixed Decursively pinnate, having Pinnula (pin'ü-la), n. [L. pinnula, dim. of the leaflets running down the stem.-2. In pinna, a feather.] 1. In zool. (a) one of the

zool. having fins or processes resembling lateral processes of the arms of crinoids. Pinnace. fins.

(6) The barb of a feather.—2. In bot. a leaflet. Pinnately (pin'āt-li), adv. In a pinnate See PINNA, 3. sails, and having generally two masts rigged manner.

Pinnulate (pin'ü-lát), a. In bot. applied to like those of a schooner. (6) A boat usually Pinnatifid (pin-nat'i-fid), a. (L. pinna, a a leaf in which each pinna is subdivided. rowed with eight oars.

feather, and findo, to cleave.) In bot, fea- | Pinnule (pin'ül), n. Same as Pinnula.







Pinnywinkles, Pinniewinkles (pin-iPlosoca (pi-o-soʻka), n. Same as Jacana. They are not a pipe for Fortune's finger, wing klz), n. pl. An instrument of torture Rossiter.

To sound what stop she pleases. Shak. formerly used. It consisted of a board with Piot (pi'ot), n. A magpie. (Scotch.)

2. A long tube or hollow body made of variholes, into which the fingers were thrust, Ploted (pi'ot-ed), a. Piebald. [Scotch.) ous materials, as iron, lead, tin, copper, and pressed upon with pegs. Written also Pious (pi'us), a. (L. pius, pious, devout, affec earthenware, &c.: applied to many hollow Pilniewinks. (Scotch.)

tionate, kind.) 1. Having or exhibiting due bodies, particularly such as are used for They prick us and they pine us, and they pit us on respect and affection for parents or other the conveyance of water, gas, steam, and the pinnywinkles for witches. Sir W. Scott. relatives; practising or characterized by the other fluids.—3. A tube of clay or other maPinole (pi-nol), n. 1. An aromatic powder duties of respect and affection toward pa terial with a bowl at one end, used in smokused in Italy for making chocolate. Sim rents or others. -2. More commonly: (a) duly ing tobacco, opium, or other narcotic or monds.-2. The heart of maize baked,ground, reverencing and honouring the Supreme medicinal substance.-4. The chief passage and mixed with sugar. Dissolved in water Being; devoted to the service of God; godly; of the air in speaking and breathing; the it makes a nutritious and

delicious drink. devout: applied to persons; as, a very pious windpipe.-5. The sound of the voice; the Pin-point (pin'point), n. The point of a pin; man. (b) Dictated by reverence to God; pro voice; a whistle or call of a bird.

. The hence, a trifle; as, I don't care a pin-point.

ceeding from piety: applied to things; as, earliest pipe of half-awakened birds.' TenPin-rack (pin'rak), n. Naut. an apparatus pious awe;

pious services or affections; pious nyson. ---6. A roll in the exchequer, otherbelonging to the deck of a ship, consisting sorrow. 'Paid more pious debts to heaven. wise called the Great Roll, so named from of a frame with sheaves or pulleys, round Shak.-3. Practised under the pretence of resembling a pipe. Hence pipe-office, an which ropes can be worked, and with pins religion or for a good end; as, pious frauds. ancient office in the court of exchequer, in or cleats to which they can be belayed.

With devotion's visage

which the clerk of the pipe used to make Pint (pint), n. (D. pint, Fr. and G. pinte, a

And pions action, we do sugar o'er

out leases of crown lands, accounts of sherThe Devil himself.

Shak. pint; Sp. pinta, a mark, and also a pint, from

iffs, &c. This office was abolished by the the analogy subsisting between a mark and - Pious belief, a Catholic opinion, which is act 3 and 4 Will. IV.-7. A wine measure, a measure; from L. pingo, pinctum, to paint. ] not de fide, or an article of faith, upon some usually containing 105 (very nearly) impeA measure of capacity containing the eighth theological proposition which widely pre rial, or 126 wine gallons. Two pipes, or 210 part of a gallon, or 34-65925 cubic inches. vails but does not rise to the importance of imperial gallons, make a tun. But in pracIt is applied both to liquid and dry measures,

a dogma. SYN. Godly, devout, religious, tice the size of the pipe varies according to but chiefly to the former. In med. 12 ounces. holy, righteous.

the description of wine it contains. Thus, The Scotch pint, equivalent to 3.0065 imperial

Piously (pi'us-li), adv. In a pious manner; a pipe of port contains nearly 138 wine galpints, though no longer a legal measure, is devoutly; religiously.

lons, of sherry, 130; of Madeira, 110; and still in use.

Pious-minded (pi'us-mind-ed), a. Of a pious of Lisbon, 140. Called also Butt. -- 8. In Pinta (pin'ta), n. (Sp., a mark, from L. pindisposition.

mining, ore running forward endwise in a gere, to paint. See PINT.) Blue-stain, a Pip (pip), n. {P. pip, L.G. pipp, pipps, Fr. hole, and not sinking downward or in a disease which prevails in Mexico. It is a pipie, Pr. pepida, from L.L. pipita, for L. vein.-9. Naut. the boatswain's whistle used species of dandruff.

pituita, slime, phlegm, the pip in fowls.) to call or pipe the men to their various Pintado (pin-tä'do), n. (Sp., painted.] The

A disease of fowls, consisting in a secretion duties; also, the sound of the instrument. guinea-fowl.

of thick mucus in the mouth, forming a 10. pl. The bagpipe. (Colloq.) Pin-tail (pin'tál), n. The Dafila acuta, a

'scale' on the tongue, and by which the Pipe (pip), v.i. pret. & pp. piped; ppr. pipkind of duck about the size of the mallard, nostrils are stopped.

ing. i. To sound or play on a pipe, tife, flute, with a long wedge-shaped acute tail. It is A thousand pips eat up your sparrow.hawk!

or other tubular wind-instrument of music. found in Europe, Asia, and North America,

Tennyson. *Ye that pipe and ye that play.' Wordsand is esteemed'excellent food. Called also Pip (pip), n. [Fr. pipin, a kernel. Derivation

worth. Pin-tail Duck. uncertain.] 1. The kernel or seed of fruit,

We have piped unto you and ye have not danced. Pintle (pin'tl), n. (Dim. of pin.) A pin or as of an apple, orange, and the like.—2. A

Mat. xi. 17 spot on cards. -- 3. One of the rhomboid 2. To have a shrill sound; to whistle. bolt, a term used in various technical senses; as, (a) in artillery, a long iron bolt to shaped spaces into which the surface of a

His big manly voice prevent the recoil of a cannon. (6) Naut. pine-apple is divided.

Turning again towards childish treble, pipes Pip (pip), v.i. (An imitative word, slightly

And whistles in his sound.

Śhak. an iron bolt by which the rudder is hung to the stern-post. See GOOGING. (c) A pin

differing in form from peep, Dan. pipe, Sw. 3. To cry; weep. (Scotch.) passing through an axle to hold on a wheel. pipa, G. pipen, to pip. See PEEP, PIPE.) Pipe (pip), v.t. 1. To play or execute on a (d) The pin on which the leaves of a hinge To cry or chirp, as a chicken or bird.

wind-instrument. move.

It is no unfrequent thing to hear the chick pip and Pipe or harp, except they give a distinction in the


cry in the egg before the shell be broken. Pint-pot (pint'pot), n. A pot containing a

sounds, how shall it be known what is piped or harped?

i Cor. xiv. 7. pint. Shak.

Pipa (pi'pa), n. A genus of batrachians, the Pint-stoup (pint'stoup), n.

2. To utter in a sharp or high tone. A stoup or pot

best-known species of which is the Surinam holding a pint; a pint-pot. (Scotch.) toad (P. surinamensis), a native of Guiana

A robin ... was piping a few querulous notes.

Irving Pinus (pi'nus), n. (L., a pine-tree.) A genus and other warm parts of America. Its colour

3. Naut. to call by means of the boatof gymnospermous exogens belonging to the

swain's pipe or whistle. nat, order Coniferæ, and consisting for the

The men are generally in long before they are most part of timber trees, commonly called

piped down.

Marryat. pine-trees. See PINE.

-To pipe one's eye, to weep; to cry. [Slang.) Pin-wheel (pin'whēl), n. A contrate wheel,

He heaved a bitter sigh, in which the cogs are pins set into the disk.

And then began to cye his pipe, Pin-worm (pin' werm), n. An intestinal

And then to pipe his eye.

Hood. worm; the thread-worm.

Pipe-case (pip’kās), n. A smoker's pocketPinxit (pingks'it), n. [L., he painted it.)

case for holding a tobacco-pipe. Simmonds. A word appended to a picture or engraving,

Pipe-clay (pīp klā), n. The purest kind of with the artist's name or initials prefixed; as,

potter's clay, so called from its being manuRubens pinxit.

factured into tobacco-pipes. It is of a grayPinxter (pingk'stėr), n. See PINGSTER.

ish or grayish-white colour, and is abundant Piny (pin'i), a. Pertaining to pines; piney.

in Devonshire and Staffordshire, where it is Pelion crowned with piny boughs.' Pope.

employed in the manufacture of various The thrush that carols at the dawn of day

Pipa Toad (P. surinamensis).

sorts of earthenware. It is also much used From the green steeples of the piny wood, Long fellow. is brownish-olive above and whitish below.

by military for cleaning belts, jackets, trouPioned + (pi-ond), a. Overgrown with peonies It is sometimes . 7 inches long, and has a Pipe-clay (pīp klā), v.t. 1. To whiten with ormarsh-marigolds. 'Thy banks with pioned peculiarly hideous aspect. It is particularly and twilled brims. Shak.

pipe-clay. Hence-2. To pay or wipe off ; interesting on account of its mode of rearing The marsh-marigold is even at present called peony the young. After the female has laid the

to square or settle. [Slang. ) in the neighbourhood of Stratford. Edin. Rev., 1872.

You would not understand allusions to their (the eggs the male places them upon her back,

midshipmen's) pipe-caying their weekly accounts. Pioneer (pi-o-nēr), n. (Fr. pionnier, 0.Fr. fecundates them, and then presses them into

Marryat. peonier, from peon, It. pedone, a foot-soldier. cellules, which at that period open for their Piped (pīpd), a. Formed with a pipe or tube; See PEON.) 1. Milit. one whose business is reception, and afterwards close over them. tubular. to march with or before an army to repair In these cellules on the mother's back the Pipe-fish (pip'fish), n. The common name the road or clear it of obstructions, work at eggs are hatched and the young pass their of the fishes of the genus Syngnathus, of the intrenchments, or form mines for destroying tadpole state, for they do not leave their order Lophobranchii, family Syngnathidæ, an enemy's works.-2. One that goes before domicile till their legs are formed.

so called from the length and slenderness to remove obstructions or prepare the way Pipe (pīp), 1. [A. Sax. and L. G. pipe, a pipe; of the body, which in its thickest part is for another; as, pioneers of civilization. Sir D. pijp, Sw. and Icel. pipa, Dan. pibe, G. only equal to a swan's quill. The snout is G. C. Lewis.

pfeife, all of Romance or L. L. origin (Fr. Pioneer (pi-o-nēr'), v.t. To go before and pre pipe, It. Pg. and Sp. pipa, a pipe), from pare a way for.

L. pipo, pipio, to cheep, chirp, or peep: Pioneer (pi-o-ner), v.i. To act as pioneer; to an imitative word.) 1. A wind-instrument clear the way; to remove obstructions. Quart. of music, consisting of a tube of wood or Rev.

metal. The word is not now the proper Pioneering (pī-o-nēr'ing), p. and a. Pertain technical name of any particular instru

ing to pioneers; serving to pioneer; as, a ment, but is applicable to any tubular windpioneering expedition.

instrument, and it occurs in bagpipe. The Pioningtipi'on-ing), n. The work of pioneers. collection of tubes in an organ which proPiony (pi'o-ni), n. Same as Peony. duce the various sounds are called pipes or

Great Pipe-fish (Syngnathus acus). Piophila (pi-of'i-la), n. A genus of dipterous organ-pipes. Pipes supplied with wind from insects belonging to the family of Muscidæ, the mouth are usually pierced with several elongated and tubular. The great pipe-fish and having for its type the cheese-fly or holes, which are stopped by the fingers to is the Syngnathus acus, one of the most cheese-hopper. vary the pitch of the sounds.

common species found on our coasts. The


sers, &c.

ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch;

8, go;

j, job;

n, Fr. ton;

ng, sing;

TH, then; th, thin;

w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.-See KEY.

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