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PIPE-LAYER

450

PIRAMETER

little pipe-fish is the S. ophidion, about 5 or whistling sound.-3. Accompanied by the Craik.-3. Sharp or cutting to the feelings; 6 inches long, and very slender.

music of the peaceful pipe, rather than that keen; tart; pungent; severe. Pipe-layer (pīpslā-ėr), n. A workman who of the martial trump or fife.

Men make their railleries as piquant as they can lays gas mains, water or draining pipes.

Why, I, in this weak piping time of peace,

to wound the deeper.

Dr. H. More, Pipe-laying (pīplā-ing), n. The act of lay Have no delight to pass away the time. Shak.

Piquantly (pē'kant-li), adv.

In a piquant ing down pipes for gas, water, and the like.

4. Simmering; boiling.Piping hot, boiling manner; with sharpness or pungency; tartly; Pipe-lee (pip'lē), n. Tobacco half-smoked

hot; hissing hot: from the sound of boiling smartly; lively. Piquantly though wittily to ashes in a pipe. G. A. Sala. fluids. A nice pretty bit of ox-cheek, pip

taunted.' Locke. Pipe-mouth (pīp'mouth), n. A fish of the

ing hot and dressed with a little of my own Pique (pēk), n. (Fr. See PIQUANT.] 1. An genus Fistularia, so called from the front of sauce. Goldsmith.

offence taken; slight anger, irritation, or the head forming an elongated pipe-like Piping (pīp'ing), 11. 1. The act of one who displeasure at persons; feeling arising from tube.

pipes.-2. Pipes, as for gas, water, &c., col wounded pride, vanity, or self-love; stinging Pipe-office (pip'of-fis), n. See PIPE, 6. lectively. —3. In hort. a mode of propagating

vexation. Piper (pīp'er), n. 1. One who plays on a herbaceous plants having jointed stems, Men take up piques and displeasures at others. pipe or wind-instrument; a bagpiper.--2. A such as pinks, by taking slips or cuttings

Dr. H. More species of acanthopterygious fish found on consisting of two joints and planting them

Out of personal pique to those in service, he stands our coast. It is the Trigla lyra of natural

as a looker on when the government is attacked. under glass; also, one of these cuttings.ists. -3. A sea urchin, Cidaris papillata,

Addison. 4. A kind of cord trimming or fluting for If a man has once persuaded himself that long, common in the north seas. - To pay the dresses.

costly, and bloody wars had arisen upon a point of piper. See under PAY.

A group of natives in blue cotton tunics, with red

ceremony, upon a personal pique, &c.

De Quincey. Piper (pīp'ér), n. (See PEPPER.) A genus

piping and tulwars by their sides. W. H. Russell. 2. A strong desire or passion.
of plants belonging to the nat. order Piper-
aceæ.
Piping-crow (pīp'ing-kro), n.

Though he have the pique, and long,
See PEPPER.

The Barita

'Tis still for something in the wrong. Hudioras. Piperaceæ (pi-per-a'sē-ē), n. pl. A small nat.

tibicen, a bird of New South Wales, remarkorder of shrubby or herbaceous exogens, of able for its musical powers. It learns to

3.1 Point; nicety; punctilio. which the genus Piper is the type. These whistle tunes, and exhibits a great power of

Add long prescriptions of established laws,

And pique of honour to maintain a cause. mimicking the voices of other birds. By

Dryden. plants are exclusively confined to the hottest parts of the world, and abound in tropsome naturalists this bird is placed among

SYN. Displeasure, irritation, grudge, spite. ical America and the Indian Archipelago.

the shrikes (Laniidre), by others among the Pique (pek), v.t. pret. & pp. piqued; ppr. The general properties of the order are crows (Corvidae).

piquing. Fr. piquer. See PIQUANT.) 1. To aromatic, pungent, and stimulant, as in the Pipistrel, Pipistrelle (pi-pis'trel), n. [Fr. offend; to nettle; to irritate; to sting; to peppers of the shops. See PEPPER. pipistrelle, It. pipistrello, vispistrello, ves

fret; to excite a degree of anger.

It exPiperaceous (pi-per-a'shus), a. (L. piper, pistrello, from L. vespertilio, a bat.) A spe

presses less than exasperate. pepper.] Of or belonging to the Piperace cies of bat, the smallest of the kind. It is I must first have a value for the thing I lose, before

it piques me. the common bat of Britain (Vespertilio pi

Cibber. or pepper tribe of plants. Piperic (pi-perʻik), a. Produced from plants pistrella).

2. To stimulate; to excite to action; to touch of the pepper family or from piperin. Pipit (pip'it), n. (Probably imitative of its with envy, jealousy, or other passion, Piperic acid (C12H1001), an acid produced cry.) A common name of the birds of the

Piqued by Protogenes's fame, by boiling piperin with potash.

genus Anthus, intermediate between larks From Cos to Rhodes A pelles came. Prior. Piperidge (pi'per-ij), n. (Corruption of and wagtails, but bearing a greater reser 3. With the reflexive pronoun, to pride or Mod. L. berberis. See BARBERRY.] 1. A

blance in its aspect to the former. See value one's self. shrub, the urberry. Called also Piperidge ANTHUS.

Men pique themselves on their skill in the learned Bush and Pepperidge. -2. The tupelo or Pipkin (pip'kin), n. [Dim. of pipe.] A small languages.

Locke. black-gum, a tree with very tough wood, earthen boiler.

4. In the game of piquet, the right the elder belonging to the genus Nyssa. Pipowder (pi'pou-dėr), a. See PIEPOUDRE.

hand has to count thirty or to play before Piperidin (pi-per'i-din), n. (C: HuN.) A Pippin (pip'in), n. [Probably from the pips

the adversary counts one. -SYN. To offend, volatile basic substance produced by the or spots on its skin; comp. 0.D. pipping,

displease, irritate, provoke, fret, nettle, action of alkalies on piperin. D. pippeling, a pippin.) The name given

sting, goad, stimulate. Piperin, Piperine (pī'pér-in), n. 1. A con to several kinds of apples; as, the golden Pique (pēk), v.i. To cause irritation.

cretion of volcanic ashes. -2. (C24,9 N03) pippin, the lemon pippin, the Kentish pip; Piqueer, Piqueerer (pik-ēr, pik-ēr'er). A peculiar crystalline substance extracted pin, &c. 'We will eat a last year's pippin.'

Same as Pickeer, Pickeerer. from black pepper. The crystals of piperin Shak.

Piquet (pik'et), n. [Fr. pique, a pike, a are transparent, and they assume the tetra- Pippin-face (pip'in-fās),n. A reddish, round,

lance, a spade at cards.) I. Milit. a picket hedral prismatic form with oblique sum smooth face, suggesting a resemblance to a

(which see).—2. A game at cards played bemits; they are colourless, tasteless, inodor pippin. "The hard-headed man with the

tween two persons, with thirty-two cards; ous; fusible, not volatile; they are soluble pippin-face.' Dickens.

all the deuces, threes, fours, fives, and sixes in alcohol, and with oil of vitriol give a red Pippin-faced (pip'in-fast),a. Having a round

being set aside, the as de pique, or ace of colour. Piperin also occurs in white pep rosy face suggestive of a pippin. A little

spades, being the highest card. hard-headed, Ribstone pippin-faced man.' per.

Piquette (pē-ket'), 1. Sour wine; a drink Pipe-roll (pīp'rol), n. A great roll formerly Dickens.

made in France by pouring water on the kept in the exchequer, said to be so named Pippul-tree (pip'pul-trē), n. Same as Peepul

husks of grapes. Simmonds. from its resemblance to a pipe. See PIPE, 6.

tree.

Piqué-work (pē kā-werk), n. A minute Pipe-staple, Pipe-stapple (pip'stap-1), n. Pipra (pi'pra), n. A genus of passerine birds,

kind of buhl-work, employed to ornament [O.D. stapel, a stalk.] The stalk of a to known by the name of manakins, which in

objects of small size, as snuff-boxes, cardbacco-pipe; also, a stalk of grass; a windle

cases, and the like. straw. Sir W. Scott . (Scotch.)

Piracy (pi'ra-si), n. (See PIRATE.] 1. The Pipe-stick (pīp'stik), n. The wooden tube

act, practice, or crime of robbing on the used in some tobacco-pipes.

high seas; the taking of property from others Pipe-stone (pīp'ston), n. A variety of clay

by open violence and without authority, on slate or argillite occurring in Oregon, which

the sea; a crime that answers to robbery on the Indians carve into bowls for tobacco

land. pipes. It is of a grayish-blue or black

In those days a Northman took to firacy as soon colour.

as his ship was launched as naturally as a cygnet

takes to the water. The lilac-tree, the

Edin. Kco. Pipe - tree (pip’trē), n. Syringa vulgaris.---Pudding pipe-tree, the

Other acts besides robbery on the high seas Cassia fistula, a tree which grows in the

are declared by statute to be piracy. Thus East Indies. The pulp of the pods is pur

if any commander, or other seafaring pergative.

son, betrays his trust and runs away with Pipette (pi-pet'), n. [Fr., a small pipe.) A

Pipra aureola.

any ship, boat, goods, &c., or if he yields small tube, generally of glass and termihabit South America. Swainson has named

them up voluntarily to a pirate, or conspires nating in a perforated point, used by chem

to do any of these acts, he is adjudged a them Piprina, and made them a sub-family ists for transferring liquids.

pirate. Also the trading with known pirates, of the family Ampelidæ, fruit-eaters or chatPipe - wine (pīp'win), n. Wine from the terers. See MANAKIN.

or in any way aiding them, or confederating pipe, as distinguished from that from the Pipridæ (pi'pri-dē), n. pl. Vigors' name for

or corresponding with them, is deemed bottle. Shak.

piracy. The dealing in slaves on the high. the manakins, a family of passerine birds. Pipewort (pīp'wért), n. A British plant

seas is likewise piracy. -2. Literary theft; The genus Pipra is the type. See PIPRA. of the genus Eriocaulon, the E. septangu

any infringement on the law of copyright. lare, belonging to the nat. order Eriocau- Pipy (pi'pi), a. Resembling a pipe; formed

Piragua (pi-rä'gwa), n.

A rude canoe. See like a tube; tubular; hollow-stemmed. loneæ. It is found in Skye, Coll, and a few

PIROGUE. of the neighbouring islands of the Hebrides.

In desolate places, where dark moisture breeds

Pirai (pi-ri'), n. The Serrasalmo Piraya, a

The pipy hemlock to strange overgrowth. Keats. It is frequent in the north-west of Ireland.

voracious fresh-water fish of tropical AmeSee ERIOCAULONEÆ.

Piquancy (pik'an-si), n.

The state or qua

rica. Its jaws are armed with lancet-shaped Pipi (pi'pi), n. The astringent pods of Cæs lity of being piquant; sharpness; pungency;

teeth as sharp as those of the shark. Cattle alpinia Pipai, sometimes imported along tartness; severity; smartness; liveliness. when fording rivers are sometimes terribly with divi-divi for tanning. They are very Piquant (pē'kant), a. (Fr. piquer, to prick, bitten by them.

The natives of Guiana inferior to those of divi-divi.

to be sharp to the taste, to pique; of same sharpen their tiny arrows for the blow-pipe Pipidæ (pi'pi-dē), n. pl. The Surinam toads, origin as pick, pike, peak, &c.] 1. Making a by drawing them between two of the teeth, a section of the Batrachia in which there lively, half-pleasing, half-painful impression which shave them to a point with their are rarely teeth, and the mouth is destitute on the organs of sense;sharp. 'As piquant to sharp edges. It is 3 or 4 feet in length. of a tongue. The typical genus is Pipa (which the tongue as salt.' Addison.-2. Racy; lively; Called also Pirayą. see).

sparkling; interesting; as, a piquant anec Pirameter (pi-ram'et-er), n. [Gr. peira, a Piping (pīp'ing), p. and a. 1. Playing on a dote; a piquant style of female beauty. The trial, and metron, measure.)

The name pipe. Lowing herds, and piping swains. most piquant passages in the lives of Miss given to an instrument for ascertaining the Swift. -2. Having or giving out a shrill Kennedy, Miss Davis, and Nancy Parsons. power required to draw carriages over roads.

PIRAMIDIG

451

PISOLITIC

Piramidig (pi-ram'i-dig), n. A species of though properly they differ from them in velopment, and promises to become yet an goatsucker is so called in Jamaica, from its having both sides alike, and in being formed important department of commercial innote. It is the Caprimulgus virginianus from one piece of wood. Called also Peri dustry. or americanus. agua and Piragua.—2. A narrow ferryboat Pisciculturist (pis-i-kul'tūr-ist), n.

One Piramist (pir'a-mis), n. (L. pyramis.) A carrying two masts and a leeboard. [United who practises pisciculture; one who rears pyramid. States.)

fish. Place me some god upon a pyramis, Pirouette (pir'ö-et),n. (Fr.; origin unknown.] Piscidia (pis-sid'i-a), n. [L. piscis, a fish, and Higher than hills of earth. Beau. E FI.

1. In dancing, a rapid whirling on the point cado, to kill, because the leaves, bark, and Pirate (pi'rāt), n. [L. pirata, from Gr. pei of one foot, which can be repeated by ballet twigs are used for the purpose of stupefying ratēs, from peirao, to attempt.] 1. A robber dancers many times in succession. -2. In fish.] A genus of plants, nat. order Leguon the high seas; one that by open violence the manege, the sudden short turn of a horse, minose. The species are West Indian trees, takes the property of another on the high so as to bring his head suddenly in the op with broad unequally pinnate leaves, and seas. In strictness, the word pirate is one posite direction to where it was before. terminal panicles of white and red flowers. who makes it his business to cruise for rob- Pirouette (pir'ö-et), v.i. pret. pirouetted; ppr. The bark of the root of P. Erythrina (dogbery or plunder; a freebooter on the seas. pirouetting. To perform a pirouette; to wood tree) is a powerful narcotic, and is See PIRACY.

turn upon one leg, or upon the toes, as in used as a substitute for opium, and also for There be land-rats and water-rats, water-thieves dancing

poisoning fish. The timber of this tree is and land-thieves, I mean pirates.

Shak. Pirry, Pirrie (perri), n. [Sc. pirr, pirrie, heavy, resinous, and almost imperishable; 2. An armed ship or vessel which sails with Gael. piorradh, Ir. piorra, a squall or blast.

hence it makes out a legal commission, for the purpose of A rough gale of wind; a storm. (Obsolete

excellent piles plundering other vessels indiscriminately or Scotch.]

for docks and on the high seas.-3. A publisher, compiler, A pirrie came, and set my ship on sands.

wharfs. or bookseller who appropriates the literary

Mir. for Mags.

Pisciform(pis'

An Indian name for labours of an author without compensation Pisang (pis’ang), n.

i-form), a. (L. or permission. the plantain.

piscis, a fish,

and Pirate (pi'rat), v.i. pret. pirated; ppr. pi. Plsasphaltum (pis-as-fal'tum), n. Mineral

forma, rating. To play the pirate; to rob on the Piscary (piska-ri), n. [L. piscarius, pertain

shape.) Havhigh seas.

ing the shape They robbed by land, and pirated by sea. ing to fish or fishing, from piscis, a fish,

of a fish. Arbuthnot. piscor, to fish.] In law, the right or privi

Piscina (pis'Pirate (pi'rāt), v.t. To take by theft or lege of fishing in another man's waters.

si-na), n. [L., without right or permission, as books or Piscationt (pis-kā'shon), n. (L. piscatio. See

a cistern, a fishwritings. PISCARY.) The act or practice of fishing.

pond, from pisSir T. Browone. They advertised they would pirate his edition.

cis, a fish.) A Pope. Piscator (pis-kā'tor), n. [L.) A fisherman;

niche on the Piratic (pi-rat’ik), a. Same as Piratical. an angler. Iz. Walton.

south side of Piratical (pi-rat'ik-al), a. (L. piraticus= Piscatorial (pis-ka-toʻri-al), a. Relating to

the altar in Gr. peiratikos, pertaining to pirates, piratic, fishing; piscatory.

churches, conpiratical.] 1. Having the character of a pi- Piscatory (pis'ka-to-ri), a. (L. piscatorius,

taining or havrate; robbing or plundering by open violence pertaining to fishermen, from piscator, a

ing attached a on the high seas; as, a piratical commander

Asherman,
from piscis, a fish.) Relating to

small basin and or ship. — 2. Pertaining to or consisting in fishermen or to fishing; pertaining to angl.

water - drain, piracy; as, a piratical trade or occupation. ing; as, the piscatory art. 'Piscatory ec

through which 3. Practising literary theft. logues." Addison.

the priest empThe errors of the press were multiplied by pirati | Pisces (pis'sēz), n. pl. (L. piscis, a fish. ] 1. In

Piscina, Fiefield, Essex. ties the water cal printers.

Pope.
astron. the Fishes, the twelfth sign or con-

in which he Piratically (pi-ratik-al-li), adv. In a pirati stellation in the zodiac, next to Aries. It is washes his hands, and also that in which cal manner; by piracy.

denoted by the character X, and repre the chalice is rinsed. Piraya (pi-rä'ya), n. Same as Pirai.

sented by two fishes tied together by the Piscinal(pis'si-nal), a. Belonging to a piscina Pirl (pérī), v.t. To spin as a top; to twist or tails. According to the Egyptian mythology or to a fish-pond. twine, as in forming horse-hair into fishing the Pisces were hieroglyphic of the spring Piscine (pis'sin), a. [L. piscis, a fish.) Perlines; to wind wire of gold or silver.

season, when the fishing commences. — taining to fish or fishes; as, piscine remains. Pirn (pern), n. A bobbin; a spool; a reel; 2. The name of the first great subdivision Piscivorous (pis-siv'o-rus), a. (L. piscis, a the reel of a fishing-rod.

of vertebrate animals, or the class fishes, fish, and voro, to eat.] Feeding or subsistPirnie (pir'ni), n. Å woollen nightcap made characterized by a branchial respiration, a ing on fishes. in Kilmarnock, of different colours or stripes. bilocular heart, fins with osseous rays in the The meat is swallowed into the crop, or into a kind Simmonds. (Scotch.]

median line of the body, and for the most part of antestomach observed in piscivorous birds. Ray. Pirogue (pi-rog'), n. (Fr. pirogue, Sp. pir a covering of scales. The first class of the Pisé (pē-zā), n. (Fr., from L. piso, pinso, to agua; originally a W. Indian word.] i. A Vertebrata is that of the Fishes (Pisces),

bray, as in a mortar.] In arch. stiff earth or which may be broadly defined as including clay used to construct walls, being rammed vertebrate animals which are provided with into moulds as it is carried up. This mode gills throughout the whole of life; the heart

of building is as old as the days of Pliny, when present consists (except in Dipnoi) of and is still used in France as well as in a single auricle and a single ventricle; the several districts of England. blood is cold; the limbs when present are Pish (pish), exclam. A word expressing conin the form of fins, or expansions of the tempt. integument; and there is neither an amnion

It is not words that shake me thus. Pish! Noses, nor allantois in the embryo, unless the lat

Shak. ter is represented by the urinary bladder.' Plsh (pish), v.i. To express contempt.

ears, and lips.-Is't possible? H. A. Nicholson. Piscicapture (pis'i-kap-tūr), n. [L. piscis, He turned over your Homer, shook his head, and a fish, and captura, capture, from capio, to

pished at every line of it.

Pope. take. The taking of fish; angling, netting, Pisiform (pi'si-form), a. (L. pisum, a pea, &c.

and forma, form.] Having the form of a pea, Piscicultural (pis-i-kul'tū-ral), a. Con

as the ossification in tendons at joints ; nected with or relating to pisciculture. having a structure resembling peas. GranPisciculture (pis-i-kul'tūr), n. (L. piscis, a ular iron ore is called pisiform iron ore, from fish, and cultura, culture, from colo, cultum, its containing small rounded masses of the to cultivate.) The breeding, rearing, pre

size of a pea.

Masses of pisiform argillaservation, feeding, and fattening of fish by ceous iron ore.' Kirwan.

artificial means; fish culture. Pisciculture Pismire (pis'mir), n. [E. piss, and mire=D. Pirogue of Lakemba, Fiji Islands.

has been practised from very early ages. mier, Sw. myra, Icel. maurr, an ant. So

It appears to have been in use in ancient named because it discharges an irritant kind of canoe, used in the Southern and

Egypt, and was followed in China in early fluid which the vulgar regard as urine. Eastern Seas, made from a single trunk of

times on a very large scale. It was revived Comp. Gr. myrmēx, an ant.] The ant or a tree hollowed out. Pirogues are generally

in this country by Mr. Shaw of Drumlanrig emmet. 'Nettled and stung with pismires.' small, and worked by paddles; they are,

in 1833. One great point in modern pisci Shak. See ANT.
culture is the

propagation and rearing of Pisnet, Puisnet (pis'net), n. A kind of shoe
young fish in artificial ponds with the view worn in the time of Queen Elizabeth.
of introducing fish previously not found in Pisolite (pi'sā-līt), n. [Gr. pison, a pea, and
the locality. Salmon and trout ova have lithos, a stone.) A carbonate of lime slight-
been sent from Britain, and successfully ly coloured by the oxide of iron. It occurs
propagated in Australia and New Zealand. in little globular concretions of the size of
The art has now come into general favour a pea or larger, which usually contain each
and is widely followed, very many rivers a grain of sand as a nucleus. These concre-
having on their banks breeding and rearing tions in union sometimes compose entire
establishments for the purpose of increasing beds of secondary mountains. Þisolite dif-
the stock of fish in the streams. A very fers from oolite only in the greater size of

successful effort has been carried out at the particles of which it is made up. Called Pirogue of Sourabaya.

Stormontfield, near Perth, on the Tay. From also Calcareous Tufa, Pea-grit, and Pea

Huningue, near Basel, on the Rhine, mil stone. however, sometimes large, decked, rigged lions of ova are annually despatched to Eng- Pisolitic (pi-so-lit’ik), a. In mineral. comwith sails, and furnished with outriggers. land, Germany, Spain, and other countries. posed of pisolite; containing pisolite; reThey are frequently confounded with proas, The art is every year receiving greater de sembling pisolite.

[graphic]

PEAT

PISOPHALT

452

PITCH

Ps. xxx. 3.

Pisophalt (pis'o-falt): 97. A corrupt spell in a mortar. ] In bot. the seed-bearing organ solid, which is employed in the forcing ing of Pissasphalt (which see).

of a flower, consisting of the ovary, the stig. pump, and is called a plunger.- PistonPiss (pis), v. i. (Fr. pisser, D. and G. pissen, ma, and often also of a style. In the figure, a pucking, a material, such

as hempen cord, Sw. pissa, Danpisse, W. pisaw, to make is the style, b the stigma;

or a device, such as metallic rings, springs, water.) To discharge the liquor secreted the ovary is concealed in

6

&c., placed round a piston, to cause it to by the kidneys and lodged in the urinary the flower. Each modi

fit closely within its cylinder, and at the bladder; to urinate. fied leaf which forms the

same time allow its free backward and forPiss (pis), v.t. To eject, as urine. Shak. pistil is called a carpel,

ward motion. Piss (pis), n. Urine; the liquor secreted by the two edges of which,

Piston-rod (pis'ton-rod), n. See PISTON. the kidneys into the bladder of an animal, coming into contact,

Piston-spring. (pis'ton-spring), n. A coil and discharged through the proper channel. cohere, and form the pla

around or inside a piston, which, by expandPiss-a-bed (pis'a-bed), n. (From the diuretic centa. The form of the

ing, acts as packing. properties of the expressed juice of the root. ] pistil must depend on

Pisum (pi'sum), n. [L., a pea.] The pea, a The dandelion. [Vulgar.) that of the carpels, on

genus of plants of the nat, order LeguminPissasphalt, Pissasphaltum (pis'as-falt, their number, and on

osa. See PEA. pis-as-lalt'um), n. [Gr. pissasphalton-pis their arrangement. А

Pistil.

Pit (pit), n. (A. Sax. pitt, pytt, a hole, a sa, turpentine, and asphaltos, asphalt; Sp. simple pistil is formed

pit; D. put, Icel. pittr, a well; from L. pupisasfalto.) Earth-pitch; a soft bitumen of of a single carpel, and a compound pistil of teus (Fr. puits), a well.] 1. A hollow or the consistence of tar, black, and of a strong several carpels.

cavity more or less deep, either natural or smell. It is inflammable, and intermediate Pistillary (pis'til-la-ri), a. In bot. of or be made by digging in the earth; as, (a) the between petroleum and asphalt, containing longing to the pistil. - Pistillary cord, a shaft of a mine; a coal-mine. () In founda greater relative quantity of liquid hydro channel which passes from the stigma ing, a cavity or hollow scooped in the floor carbons, &c., than the latter. Written also through the style into the ovary.

to receive cast-metal. (c) A vat in tanning, Pisasphalt and Pisophalt.

Pistillate (pis'til-lāt), a. Having a pistil. bleaching, dyeing, &c. (d) A sunken place Piss-burnt (pis'bernt), a. Stained brown, Pistillationt (pis-til-la'shon), n. [L. pistil where charcoal is piled for burning. (e) In as if scorched, with urine. Johnson. [Vul lum, a pestle.) The act of pounding in a hort. an excavation in the soil, generally. gar.) mortar.

covered by a glazed frame, for protecting Pisselæum (pis-el-z'um), n. [Gr. pissa, Pistillidia (pis-til-lid'i-a), n.pl. [L. pistillum, many kinds of plants.--2. A deep place; an pitch, and elaion, oil.) An oily matter ob a pistil, and Gr. eidos, resemblance.) In bot. abyss : with the definite article sometimes tained from boiling pitch. Dunglison. (a) organs in mosses having the apparent used for the abode of evil spirits, sometimes Pisspot (pis'pot), n. A chamber-pot.

functions of pistils. (6) Young spore-cases, for the grave or the place of the dead. It would vex one more to be knocked on the head the archegonia in ferns.

Thou hast brought up my soul from the grave: with a pisspot than a thunder-bolt.

Pope. Pistilliferous (pis-til-lif'er-us), a. (Pistil, thou hast kept me alive, that I should not go down

and L. fero, to bear.) In bot. having a pistii to the pit. Pist, Piste (pēst), n. [Fr. piste, It. pesta, a track, from 1. pistus, pp. of pinso, Pistol (pis'tol), n. (Fr. pistole, pistolet; It. without stamens, as a female flower.

3. A deep concealed hole in the ground for pistuin, to pound, to beat in a mortar, to

snaring wild beasts.-4. Any hollow, cavity, bruise.) The track or footprint of a horse

and Sp. pistola, a pistol; said to be from or depression in the flesh; as, the arm pits; man on the ground he goes over.

Pistoia, a town near Florence where little the pit of the stomach; the pits left on the Pistachio (pis-tā'shi-ā), n. Same as Pistachio

poniards were made, called in France first flesh by a pustule of the small-pox.-5. A nut. Bacon.

pistoyers, then pistoliers, and finally pis place or area where cocks or dogs are brought Psbachlo-nut (pis-tā shi-ô-nut) 3. [See

iolets. From being applied to diminutive to fight, or where dogs are trained to kill PISTACIA.) The nut of the Pistacia vera.

poniards the name came to be given to mini. rats. --6. That part of a theatre which is on It contains a kernel of a pale greenish col

ature firearms.) A small firearm, or the the floor of the house, somewhat below the our, of a pleasant taste, resembling that of

smallest firearm used, designed to be fired level of the stage, and behind the orchestra. the almond, and yielding a well-tasted oil.

with one hand only. Pistols are of different 7. The stone of a fruit, as of a cherry or It is wholesome and nutritive, and is used

lengths, some of them being so small as to plum. [Local American. )-The bottomlesspit, at dessert, and for astringent emulsions.

be carried in the pocket. Those now used hell. Rev. xx. 1.--Pit and gallows, in feudal See PISTACIA.

are generally of the kind called revolvers. times, a privilege granted by the crown to Pistachio-tree (pis-tā'shi-ā-trē), SpPistol (pis' tol), v.t. pret. & pp. pistolled;

Pistols were introduced into England in 1521. the barons, by which they were empowered pistachio. See PISTACIA.] Same as Pistacia.

to drown the women condemned for theft Pistacia (pis-ta'shi-a), n. [L. pistacia, Gr.

ppr. pistolling. (Fr. pistoler.) To shoot with in a pit, and to hang the men on a gallows. pistakia, from Per. pista, the pistachio tree.] a pistol.

Pit (pit), v.t. pret. & pp. pitted; ppr. pitting. Those Sons of Freedom would have pistolled, 1. To lay in a pit or hole. “They lived like stabbed-in some way slain--that man by coward beasts and were pitted like beasts. Granger. hands.

Dickens.

2. To form a little pit or hollow in; to mark Ptstolade (pis'to-lād), n. The discharge of with little hollows, as by the pustules of a pistol; a pistol-shot.

the small-pox. Pistole (pis-tol'), n. [Fr. The same word as

An anasarca, a species of dropsy, is characterized the above, according to Littré, who says that by the shining and ss of the skin, which gives as the pistol (Fr. pistolet) was a small firearm, way to the least impression, and remains pitted for the gold half-crown was called pistole pistolet,

some time.

Sharpe.
in pleasantry, as being a diminutive of the 3. To set in competition; to set against one
crown, in the same way as a small loaf is

another, as in combat; lit. like cocks in a
called pistolet at Brussels.) An old gold pit.
coin current in Spain, France, and some Pit (pit), v.t. To put. (Scotch.]
neighbouring states, valued on an average Plta (pē'tä), n. (Šp.) A name of the Agave
at about 168. sterling.

americana or maguey, and other species of
Pistolet + (pis'tol-et), n. [Fr.) 1. A small the same genus; also of the useful Abre ob-
pistol.--2. A diminutive of pistole, a Span tained from them.
ish coin, Donne.

Pitancet (pitans), n. (See PITTANCE.) A
Piston (pis'ton), n. (Fr. and Sp. piston, from mess of victuals. Chaucer.
L. pinso, pistum, to beat, to pound, to press. Pitapat (pit'a-pat), adv. [A kind of redu-

See PESTLE.] Ín, mach, a movable piece, plication of pat, a slight blow.) In a flutter;
Pistacia vera.
generally of a cy-

with palpitation or quick succession of beats.
lindrical form, so

'A lion meets him, and the fox's heart went A genus of small trees of from 15 to 20 feet fitted as to occupy

pitapat.' Sir R. L'Estrange. high, with pinnate leaves, and axillary pan the sectional area

Pitapat (pit'a-pat), n. A light quick step. icles of small apetalous flowers, nat. order of a tube, such as

Now I hear the pitapal of a pretty foot, through Anacardiaceæ. P. vera yields the pistachio the barrel of

the dark alley.

Dryden. nuts of the shops, which form a considerable pump or the cylinarticle of commerce. (See PISTACHIO-NUT.) der of a steam-en

Pitch (pich), n. (A softened form of 0.E. The tree is a native of Western Asia, but is gine, and capable

and Sc. pik, A. Sax. pic, from L pia, picis, cultivated all over the south of Europe, of being driven al

pitch.) A thick, tenacious oily substance, where the fruit is in request for confection ternately in two

commonly obtained by the inspissation of ery and for the dessert. Mastic is the pro directions by pres

tar (whether of wood, coal, or bone), or by duce of P. Lentiscus. P. Terebinthus, or

boiling it until all the volatile matters are sure on either of its turpentine tree, yields Chios turpentine.

driven off, and the residuum has acquired a sides. One of its Pistacite, Pistazite (pis'ta-sit, pis'ta-zit). sides is fitted to a

proper consistence. It is extensively used See EPIDOTE. rod, called the pis

in ship-building for closing up the seams, Pistareen (pis-ta-rēn'), n. An old Spanish ton-rod, to which it

for preserving wood from the effects of water, silver coin of the value of 9d. sterling. either imparts reci

for coating iron-work to keep it from rustPistell,t . An epistle; a short lesson. procatory motion,

ing, for making artificial asphalt, and for Chaucer. as in the steam

various other purposes. See TAR, BURGUNDY Pistia (pis'ti-a), n. A genus of tropical water

PITCH. --Jew's pitch, mineral pitch, bituengine, where the weeds of the nat. order Pistiaceæ of some motion given to the

He that toucheth pitch shall be defiled therewith. botanists and Lemnaces of others. The piston-rod is com

Ecclus, xiii. 1. plants consist of a rose-shaped tuft of municated to the

Pitch (pich), v.t. 1. To smear or cover over wedge-shaped, slightly concave, notched or machinery; or by Section of Steam Cylinder with pitch; as, to pitch the seams of a ship: round-topped leaves, 2 to 5 inches long, of which it is itself

and Piston.

* Pitch it within and without with pitch.' a delicate pale pea-green, covered with fine made to move, as in a, Piston. 06, Piston-rod.

Gen: vi. 14.–2. To blacken; to darken. The hairs.

the pump
Two cc, Steam Ports.

welkin pitched with sudden

cloud.' AddiPistiaceæ (pis-ti-a'sē-7). See LEMNACEX. sorts of pistons are Pistil (pis’til), 11. (L. pistillum, a pestle, a used in pumps; one hollow with a valve, Pitch (pich), v.t. (0.E. picche, to pierce, to dim. from pinso, pistum, to pound, to beat used in the sucking pump, and the other pick, to peck, also to dart or 'throw, a soft

1

a

men.

son.

PITCH

453

PITEOUS

ened form of pick, pike; comp. W. piciaw, a screw measured in a direction parallel to throw with a pitchfork. Hence-2. To put to dart; pig, a point, &c. See PICK.] 1. To the axis; the pitch of a propeller-screw is suddenly or accidentally into any position. fix or plant, as stakes or pointed instru the length measured along the axis of a

(Originally intended for the church) he has been ments; to fix by means of such; hence, to complete turn. (c) The distance between

pitchforked into the Foot-guards. G. A. Sala. set in array; to marshal or arrange in order; the paddles of a steam-ship, measured on as, to pitch a tent or pavilion, that is, to set

State or quathecircle which passes through their centres. Pitchiness (pich'i-nes), n. the stakes; to pitch a camp. Sharp stakes (d) The distance between the stays of marine lity of being pitchy; blackness; darkness. ... they pitched in the ground.' Shak. and other steam boilers. (e) The distance

(Rare.) There is no need to mention the learning of a fit,

apart from centre to centre of a rivet. - Pitching-pence (pich'ing-pens), 11. Money, or the unfitness of an ignorant minister, more than 8. In mining, a lode or portion of a lode commonly a penny, paid for pitching or that he, which describeth the manner how to pitch a worked by a miner, who receives a certain

setting down every bag of corn or pack of field, should speak of moderation and sobriety in

portion of the ore raised, or its value.-9. A goods in a fair or market. diet.

Hooker.

fixed locality for a street-seller doing busi- Pitching - piece (pich'ing - pēs), n. See - Pitched battle. See under BATTLE. —

APRON-PIECE. ness, or a street-singer, musician, and such 2. To fling or throw, generally with a de

like performing; the site of a travelling Pitching-stable (pich'ing-stā - bl), n. A finite purpose or aim; to cast forward; to

exhibition. Mayhew. (Slang. )- Pitch of variety of Cornish granite used for paving. hurl; to toss; as, to pitch quoits; to pitch an arch, the rise or versed sine of an arch. Pitch-line (pich'lin), n. See PITCH-CIRCLE. one in the mire or down a precipice; to -Pitch of a roof, the inclination of a roof; Pitch-mineral(pich’min-er-al), n. The same pitch hay or sheaves of corn.

which is expressed in angles, in parts of the as Bituinen or Asphalt. The next ball is a beautifully pitched ball for the span, or in the proportion which the

rafters Pitch-opal (pich'ó-pal), n. An inferior kind outer stump.

T. Hughes. bear to the span. The common pitch has a of common opal. 3. In music, to regulate or set the key-note rafter three quarters the length of the span; Pitch-ore (pich'or), n. Pitch-blende, an ore of.-4. To fix, as a value or price. Whose the Gothic has a rafter the whole length of of uranium. vulture thought doth pitch the price so the span; the Elizabethan, longer than the Pitch-pine (pich'pīn), n. The Pinus Picea, high.' Shak. – 5. To pave or face with span; the Greek, an angle of 12° to 16°; and a pine so called from its abounding in resinstones, as an embankment. E. H. Knight; the Roman, an angle of 23° to 24o.-Pitch of Simmonds.

a saw, the inclination of the face of the Pitch (pich), v. i. 1. To light; to settle; to teeth. come to rest from flight.

Pitch-black (pich'blak), a. Black as pitch. Take a branch of the tree on which the bees pitch, Pitch-blende (pich'blend), n. A mineral and wipe the hive.

Mortimer. found in Saxony; it is a compound of the 2. To plunge or fall headlong; as, to pitch oxides of uranium and iron, and generally from a precipice; to pitch on the head. - contains very many other metals. 3. To fix choice: with on or upon.

Pitch-chain (pich'chān), n. A chain comPick upon the best course of life, and custom will posed of metallic plates bolted or rivetted render it the most easy.

Tillotson. together, to work in the teeth of wheels. 4. To fix a tent or temporary habitation; to Pitch-circle (pich'sėr-kl), n. In toothed encamp.

wheels, the circle which would bisect all the

teeth. When two wheels are in gear, they Laban with his brethren pitched in the mount of Gilead.

Gen. xxxi. 25.

are so arranged that their pitch-circles

touch one another. Called also Pitch-line. 5. Naut. to rise and fall, as the head and stern of a ship passing over waves.

Pitch-coal (pich'kol), n. 1. A kind of bitu

minous coal. Dana. -- 2. Same as Jet. A slight motion on the part of the vessel now and

Brande & Cox. then seemed to suggest the possibility of pitching to. a very uncomfortable extent.

Dickens.

Pitch-dark (pich'därk), a. Dark as pitch;

very dark. -To pitch into, to attack; to assault. (Slang.) Pitcher (pich'er), n. 1. One who pitches. -Pitch and pay, pay down at once; pay

2. A pointed instrument for piercing the ready money.

ground
Let senses rule; the word is 'Pitch and pay: Pitcher (pich'er), n. (O. Fr. picher, pichier,
Trust none.

Shak.
pechier, 0.It. pecchero, from 0.H.G. pechar,

Pitch-pine (Pinus Picea). Pitch (pich), n. (See the verb.) 1. A point behhar, a beaker. See BEAKER.) 1. An or degree of elevation or depression; height earthen vessel with a spout for holding ous matter which yields pitch. The same or depth; degree; rate. "The lowest pitch liquors; an earthen or metallic vessel for name is also given to the Pinus rigida of of abject fortune.' Milton.

holding water for domestic purposes; a the United States and the Pinus palustris Alcibiades was one of the best orators of his age, water-pot, jug, or jar with ears. A man of Georgia. notwithstanding he lived when learning was at its highest pitch.

bearing a pitcher of water.'. Mark xiv. 13. - Pitch-pipe (pich'pīp), n. An instrument Addison.

Pitchers have ears, a cautionary proverb, used in regulating the pitch or elevation of As if an eagle flew aloft, and then Stoop'd from its highest pitch to pounce a wren.

signifying there may be listeners overhear the key or leading note of a tune. It is Cowper.

ing us. The saying has arisen from the either in the form of a flute or free reed pipe Such was the pitch of baseness to which the Ro double meaning of ear. In the form little tuned to a given pitch. The flute pipe may man people sank by allowing their rulers to encroach pitchers have long ears, it applies to children. have a piston and a range of adjustment upon their rights.

Brougham,
Not in my house, Lucentio, for, you know,

whereby all the semitone degrees within its 2. Highest rise; height; loftiness. “Boni

Pitchers have ears, and I have many servants. compass may be produced with mechanical face the Third, in whom was the pitch of

Shak. exactness. The reed pipe has a given pride, and height of aspiring haughtiness.' 2. In bot. a modification of the leaf occur note. Fuller.

ring in some plants and resembling a pitcher, Pitch-plaster (pich'plas-tér), n. A plaster A beauty.waning and distressed widow,

the body of the pitcher being the petiole, of Burgundy pitch. Seduced the pitch and height of all his thoughts and the lid the lamina of the leaf.

Pitch-pot (pich'pot), n. A large iron pot To base declension and loath'd bigamy. Shak.

Pitcher-plant (pich'er-plant), n. A name used for the purpose of boiling pitch. 3. Size; stature. 'So like in person, garb, given to several plants, from their pitcher- Pitch-stone (pich'ston), n. The glassy form and pitch.' Hudibras.-4. The point where shaped leaves, the

of felstone, also called Retinite. It looks a declivity begins, or the declivity itself; best known of which

like solid pitch, and has an imperfectly condescent; slope; inclination; also, the degree is the Nepenthes dis

choidal fracture. It contains microscopic of slope or inclination; as, the pitch of a tillatoria, a native of

crystals of felspar. Its colours are several hill or roof. See below. -5. A throw; a China and the East

shades of green, black with green, brown, or toss; a cast or jerk of something from the Indies, and belong

gray; brown, tinged with red, green,or yellow, hand.- Pitch and toss, a game in which the ing to the nat. order

sometimes yellowish or blue. players determine the order of tossing by Nepenthacere. It is

Pitchurim-bean (pich'ü-rim-bēn), n. One pitching coins at a mark.-6. In music, the a herbaceous plant,

of the isolated lobes of the drupe of Necdegree of acuteness or graveness of a note; and grows in marshy

tandra Puchury, a South American species the position of a sound with reference to the situations. The leaves

of laurel, much used by chocolate makers as number of vibrations in a given time which are sessile, oblong.

a substitute for vanilla. Called also Sassafras produce it; the relative height of a sound. and terminated at

Nut, from the flavour, which resembles that Any sound less acute than some other the extremities by a

of sassafras bark. Spelled also Pichurimsound is said to be of a lower pitch than that cylindrical hollow

bean. other sound. - Concert pitch, in musical per vessel resembling a

Pitch-wheel (pich'whēl), n. One of two formances, the degree of acuteness or gra common water-pit

toothed wheels which work together. vity generally adopted for some one given cher, which contains

Pitch-work (pich'werk), n. Work done in note, and by which every other note is gov a fluid secreted by

a mine by those working on the arrangeerned. In England and Germany the con the plant itself. This Pitcher-plant (Nepenthes

ment that they receive a certain proportion cert pitch of the middle C of the pianoforte pitcher is furnished

distillatoria).

of the output. is the sound produced by a wire giving 528 with a lid which

Pitchy (pich'i), a. 1. Partaking of the qualivibrations per second; in France it is some opens and shuts, and which is regarded as ties of pitch; like pitch. Woodward. what lower. -7. Incertain technical senses, a the true blade of the leaf. See CEPHALO 2. Smeared with pitch. Dryden.-3. Black; distance between two points; as, (a) the dis TUS, DARLINGTONIA, and NEPENTHACEE. dark; dismal. The pitchy night.' Shak. tance between the centres of two adjacent Pitch-farthing (pich'fár-thing), n. Same Pitcoal (pit'kol), n. Mineral coal; common teeth in a cog-wheel, measured on the pitch as Chuck-farthing.

coal dug out of pits. line, which is concentric with the axis of Pitch-fieldt (pich'feld), n. A pitched battle. Pit-cock (pit'kok), n. Same as Pet-cock. revolution, and at such a distance from the Beau. & FI.

Piteous (pit'ē-us), a. [See PITY.] 1. Fitted base of the teeth as to have an equal rate of Pitchfork (pich'fork), n. 1. A fork or farm to excite pity; moving pity or compassion; motion with a similar line in the cog-wheel ing utensil used in lifting or throwing hay mournful; affecting; lamentable; sorrowful; with which it engages. (6) The distance or sheaves of grain.—2. A tuning-fork. as, a piteous look; a piteous case or condibetween any two successive convolutions of Pitchfork (pich'fork), v.t. 1. To lift or tion. The most piteous tale of Lear.' Shak.

[graphic]
[graphic]

PITEOUSLY

454

PITY

cer.

"The most piteous cry of the poor souls.' pithy substance; a pithy stem.-2. Contain Pitous, t a. Piteous; compassionate; merciShak.

ing concentrated force; forcible; energetic; ful; exciting compassion. Chaucer. Vain would be all attempts to convey the horror as, a pithy word or expression.

Pitously,t adv. Piteously; pitifully. Chau-
which thrilled the gathering spectators of this piteous
tragedy.

De Quincey.
This pithy speech prevailed, and all agreed. Dryden,

A very long, narrow, 2. Compassionate; affected by pity. 'Pite 3. Uttering energetic words or expressions. Pitpan (pit'pan), n.

flat-bottomed, trough-like canoe, with thin ous of his case.' Pope.-3. + Pitiful; paltry;

In all these Goodman Fact was very short but pitky:

for he was a plain home-spun inan. poor. Piteous amends.' Milton.-SYN. Sor

Addison.

and flat projecting ends, used for the navi

gation of rivers and lagoons in Central rowful, mournful, affecting, doleful, woful, Pitiable (pit'i-a-bl), a. Deserving pity; wor

America. rueful, wretched, miserable, pitiable, com thy of or exciting compassion: applied to

Pit-pat (pit'pat), n, and adv. Same as Pitpassionate, tender,

persons or things; as, a pitiable condition.
Everything that is pitiable.'. Jer. Taylor; Pit-saw (pit'są), n.

apat. Piteously (pit'e-us-li), adv. In a piteous

A large saw used for manner. Wordit, prithee, piteously. Shak. The pitiable wretchedness of Philoctetes.'

dividing timber, and worked by two men, Piteousness (pit'e-is-nes), n. The state or Observer.

one of whom stands in a pit below. condition of being piteous.

The pitiable persons relieved are constantly under

dtterbury.

Pitta (pit'ta), n. A genus of passerine birds, Pitfall (pit'fal), n.

your eye. A pit slightly covered

If ye have grieved,

remarkable for the length of their legs, the so that animals fall into it and are caught. Ye are too mortal to be pitiable,

shortness of their tail, and the vividness of "The pet nor lime, the pitfall nor the gin.' And power to die disproveth right to grieve, their colours. See ANT-THRUSH. Shak.

E. B. Browning.

Pittacal (pit'a-kal), n. (Gr. pitta, pitch, and Pitfall † (pit'fal), v.t. To lead into a pitfall; Pitiableness (pit'i-a-bl-nes), n. State of

kallos, ornaments A fine blue substance to ensnare. Not full of cranks and contra being pitiable. The pitiableness of his

used in dyeing, obtained by the action of a dictions and pitfalling dispenses.' Milton ignorance.' Kettlewell.

solution of baryta upon the heavy oil of tar. Pit-fish (pit' fish), n. A small fish of the Pitiably (pit'i-a-bli), adv. In a pitiable Pittance (pitans), n. [Norm. pitaunce, alIndian Sea, about the size of a smelt, of a manner.

lowance; Fr. pitance, a monk's mess; It. green and yellow colour. It has the power Pitiedly ! (pit'id-li), adv. In a situation to of protruding or retracting its eyes at pleabe pitied.

pietanza; from L.L. pietantia, pitantia, &

monk's allowance of food, from L pietas, sure.

He is properly, and, pitiedly to be counted alone, Pit-frame (pit'frām), n. The framework of that is illiterate.

piety. Brachet points out that in the same Feltham.

way misericordia (mercy) was a name given a coal-pit.

Pitier (pit'i-ér), n. One who pities. Bp. in the middle ages to certain monastic re-
Pith (pith), n. (A. Sax. pitha, D. pit, marrow,
Gauden.

pasts.] 1. An allowance of food in a monpith, kernel.] 1. A cylindrical or angular pitiful (pit'i-ful), a. (See PITY.] 1. Full

astery; an allowance of food bestowed in column of cellular tissue arising at the neck of pity; tender; compassionate; having a

charity; a charity gift. of the stem of an exogenous plant and ter heart to feel sorrow and sympathy for the

One half of this pittance was even given him in minating at the leaf-buds, with all of which distressed. Jam. v. 11.

inoney.

Macaulay. it is in direct communication. It forms the Our hearts you see not, they are pitiful; centre of a stem, and fills the medullary And pity to the general wrong of Rome 2. A very small portion allowed or assigned.

Hath done this deed on Caesar.

Skak. sheath or tube which is covered over by the

Hence—. A very small quantity. The in, wood. Its use is to act as a reservoir of

2. Miserable; moving compassion; as, a considerable pittance of faithful professors.' nutritious matter for the young leaves when sight most pitiful; a pitiful condition. Fuller. first developing. In endogens there is no In faith, 'twas strange, 'twas passing strange,

Pittancer (pit'ans-ér), n. The officer in a pith.-2. In anat. the spinal cord or marrow 'Twas pitiful, 'twas wondrous pitiful. Shak. monastery who distributed the pittance at of an animal; also, the central or medullary 3. To be pitied for its littleness or meanness;

certain appointed festivals. part of hair.

“The spinal marrow or pith.' paltry; insignificant; contemptible; despic? Pitted-tissue (pit'ed-ti'shū), n. See BothRay. “The pith of the coarse body-hair.' able; as, pitiful conduct.

RENCHYMA. Owen.-3. Strength, vigour, or force. Since That's villainous, and shows a most pitiful ambition

Pittert (pit'ér), v. i. To murmur; to patter. these arms of mine had seven years' pith.' in the fool that uses it.

Shak.

* And when his pittering streams are low Shak. 4. Energy; cogency; concentrated

and thin.' Greene. -Contemptible, Despicable, Paltry, Pitiful. force; closeness and vigour of thought and See under CONTEMPTIBLE.

Pittikins + (pit'i-kinz), interj. A diminutive style; as, his discourse wanted pith. - Pitifully (pit'i-fyl-li), adv. In a pitiful

of pity used interjectionally, generally in 5. Condensed substance or matter; quintes manner: (a) with compassion.

conjunction with od's for God's.

Od's pitsence. "Perhaps you mark'd not what's the

tikins, can it be.' Shak.

Pitifully behold the sorrows of our hearts. pith of all. Shak. --6. Weight; moment;

Pittizite, Pitticite (pit'i-zit, pitsi-sit), n.

Common Praper. importance. 'Enterprises of great pith and (6) Wretchedly; so as to excite pity. Would

[From Gr. pittizē, pissizā, to be pitchy, from moment.' Shak. sigh and groan as pitifully as other men.'

pitta, pissa, pitch.) Pitchy iron ore; an Pith (pith), v.t. To sever the spinal cord of. Tillotson. (c) Contemptibly.

arsenato-sulphate of iron occurring in reniPithecia (pi-thé'si-a), n. The fox-tail monkey.

form masses.

Those men who give themselves airs of bravery on See SAKI, reflecting upon the last scenes of others may behave

Pittle-pattlet (pit'l-pat-l), v.i. (An imitatPithecoid (pi-thēʻkoid), a. (Gr. pithēkos, an the most

pitifully in their own. Richardson. ive word; comp. pratile, tattle, &c.) To talk ape, and eidos, likeness.) Pertaining to or Pitifulness (pit’i-fyl-nes), n. The state or

unmeaningly or flippantly. including apes of the highest division; re quality of being pitiful. Sir P. Sidney.

Pittosporaceæ (pit'to-spõ-rà"sē-ė), n. pl. sembling an ape; ape-like; partaking of Pitiless (pit'i-les), a. 1. Destitute of pity;

The pittosporads, a natural order of polythe qualities of an ape. hard-hearted; as, a pitiless master. The

petalous hypogynous exogens, allied to Poly. A skull (the Neanderthal skull) of low type, possibly pelting of the pitiless storm.' Shak.

galaceæ. The species, of which about 100 that of an idiot, but quite removed from the pithecoid 2. Exciting no pity; unpitied. 'So do I per

are known, are trees or erect or twining type, which some naturalists of more than ordinary ish pitiless, through fear.' Sir J. Davies.

shrubs, mostly natives of extra-tropical Aushumility are content to accept as one of the earlier shapes through which ‘upward looking' man passed SYN. Hard-hearted, cruel, merciless, unmer

tralia, having alternate simple leaves, reguin his long progress from some unknown ancestor in ciful, compassionless, unsympathizing.

lar symmetrical flowers, imbricated petals, the possibly miocene period. Quart. Rev. Pitilessly (pit'i-les-li), adv. In a pitiless

and alternating stamens. The order includes Pithecus (pi-thē'kus), 1. (Gr. pithēkos, an manner.

about a dozen genera, of which the best ape.) A restricted genus of apes, including Pitilessness (pit'i-les-nes), n. The state of

known are Pittosporum, Billardiera, and the orang (P. satyrus), the great pongo of being pitiless.

Sollya, frequent ornaments of British hotBorneo (P. Worinbii), and the P. Morio. Pitman (pit'man), n.

houses.

1. One who works in The outward marks which distinguish this a pit, as in coal-mining, in sawing timber,

Pittosporad (pit'to-spõ-rad), n. Any plant genus from troglodytes (chimpanzee and &c. -- 2. In mach. the rod which connects a

of the nat. order Pittosporaceæ. gorilla) are the greater length of muzzle, a rotary with a reciprocating object, as that Pituita (pit-ū-i'ta), n. [L. pituita; Fr. pituite. ) more sudden projection of the lower part which couples a crank with a saw-gate, or

Mucus; phlegm. of the face, much larger canine and much a steam-piston with its crank-shaft, &c.

Pituitary (pi-tū’i-ta-ri),a.[L. pituita, phlegm, broader incisor teeth, and greater length of Pitot's Tube (pi'toz tūb), n. In hydrau

rheum.) In anat. concerned in the secrearm. The ears too are smaller, and lie close lics, an instrument for

tion of phlegm or mucus; as, the pituitary to the head. The skeleton is distinguished ascertaining the ve

membrane which lines the nostrils and siby the dorsal vertebræ being fewer by one, locity of water in

nuses communicating with the nose. - Pituand by twelve instead of thirteen pairs of rivers, &c.; a current

itary body or gland, a small oval body on ribs. The genus is known also as Simia. meter. It consists in

the lower side of the brain, formerly supPithily (pith'i-li), adv. In a pithy manner; its simplest form of a

posed to secrete the mucus of the nostrils. with strength; with close or concentrated bent glass-tube A,

- Pituitary stem, the infundibulum of the

brain. force; cogently; with energy. Milton.

which is held in the Pithiness (pith'i-nes), n. The state or quality

water in such a manner

Pituitous (pi-tű'it-us), a. (L. pituitosus.) of being pithy; strength; concentrated force; that its lower end is

Consisting of mucus; full of mucus, or reas, the pithiness of a reply. horizontal, and op

sembling it in qualities. Pithless (pith'les), a. 1. Destitute of pith; posed to the direction

Pit-work (pit'werk), n. wanting strength. of the flowing water.

pumping and lifting apparatus of a mine

shaft. Men who, dry and fithless, are debarred

In consequence of the
From man's best joys.
Churchill momentum of the

Pity (pit'i), n. [Fr. pitié, from L. pietas, 2. Wanting cogency or concentrated force. moving fluid the level

piety, from pius, pious. See Pious.] 1. The rises within the tube

feeling or suffering of one person excited by The pithless argumentation which we too often allow to monopolize the character of what is prudent to a height B, propor

the distresses of another; commiseration; and practical. Gladstone. tional to the velocity

compassion. Pithole † (pit'hõl), n. A small hollow made of the stream. Thus,

Careless their merits or their faults to scan,

Pitot's Tube. let the height of B

His pily gave ere charity began. by a pustule of smallpox. I have known a lady, sick of the small pocks, only above the level of the

-To have pity upon,

to take pity upon, gento keep her face from pitholes, take cold, strike them external water beh, then the velocity of the

erally to show one's pity towards by some in again, kick up the heels, and vanish! Beau, & Fl. stream = u V 2gh, in which y is a coeffi benevolent act. Pithy (pith'i), a. 1. Consisting of pith; con cient, determined for the particular instru

He that hath pity upon the poor lendeth unto the taining pith; abounding with pith; as, a ment by experiment.

Lord.

Prov. xix. 17.

A

B

In mining, the

1 1

Goldsmith

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