Imágenes de páginas




the press.

Libken, t Libkint(lib'ken, lid’kin), n. (Live, trades; as, a license to preach, practise or a powdery substance. They are called A. Sax. libban, and ken, a haunt of low char medicine, sell spirits, receive goods in pawn, rock-moss and tree-moss, and some of the acters.) A house; lodgings. "To their lib &c.; a grant of permission.—2. A written liverworts are of this order. They also kins at the crackman's.' B. Jonson. [Old document containing such authority:-3. Ex

include the Iceslang. ) cess of liberty; undue freedom ; freedom

land - moss and Libra (li'bra), n. (L.] In astron. the Balance, abused, or used in contempt of law or de

reindeer - moss ; the seventh sign in the zodiac, which the corum.

but they are enson enters at the autumnal equinox in License they mean when they cry liberty. Milton,

tirely distinct September. It is marked thus 4. The liberty which an artist takes in de

from the true Libralt (li'bral), a. (L. libralis, from libra, viating from the rules of his art, as in

mosses (Musci). the Roman pound of 12 ounces.] Weighing poetry, painting, music; deviation from an

Lichens abound 1 lb. Johnson. artistic standard. - Leave, Liberty, License.

in the cold and Librarian (li-brā'ri-an), n. [In meaning 1 See under LEAVE.

temperate parts from library; in 2 from L. librarius, a tran: License (li'sens), v. t. pret. & pp. licensed;

of the world. scriber of books.] 1. The keeper or one who ppr. licensing. 1. To permit by grant of

The greater part has the care of a library or collection of books. authority; to remove legal restraint by a

are of no known 2.1 One who transcribes or copies books. grant of permission; to authorize to act in

use except in Librarianship (li-brā'ri-an-ship), n. The a particular character; as, to license a man

preparing the office of a librarian. to keep an inn; to license a physician or a

surface of the Library (li'bra-ri), 14. (L. librarium, a book lawyer.-2. To dismiss. Wotton,

earth for the recase, libraria, a bookseller's shop, from liber, Licensed (lī'senst), p. and a. Having a li Reindeer-moss (Cenomyce ception of larger a book. See LIBEL.) 1. A collection of cense; permitted by authority.-Licensed


vegetables; but books belonging to a private person or to a victualler, an innkeeper or keeper of a public

some are used public institution or a company.

A list

house who is licensed to sell spirits, wine, as tonic medicines, as Variolaria faginea, of his majesty's library.' Walpole.-2. An beer, &c.

and Iceland-moss (Cetraria islandica), when apartment or suite of apartments, or a

All public dinners, from the Sheriffs' to the deprived of its bitterness by boiling bewhole building appropriated to the keeping

Licensed Viduallers', are amusing scenes. Dickens. comes a diet recommended to invalids. of a collection of books.

Licensee (li-sen-sē'), 1. One to whom a li Their principal use is to furnish the dyer Librate (librát), v.t. pret. & pp. librated; cense is granted.

with brilliant colours — archil, cudbear, ppr. librating. [L. libro, libratum, from Licenser (li'sens-ér), 1. One who licenses or

and several others are thus employed. -libra, a balance, a level-whence E. level.) grants permission; a person authorized to 2. In med. an eruption of papulæ, of a red To hold in equipoise;

to poise; to balance. grant permission to others; as, a licenser of or white colour, either clustered together Librate (li'brat), v.i. To move, as a balance;

or disseminated over the surface of the skin, to be poised. Licensure (li'sens-ūr), n. A licensing

with or without fever, or derangement of Their parts all librałe on too nice a beain. Clifton. Licentiate (li-sen'shi-āt), n. [From L. licen the digestive organs, usually terminating in

tia, license.) 1.1 One who behaves in a li slight desquamation, and very liable to Libration (li-brā'shon), n. 1. The act of

centious manner; one who transcends the recur. librating or balancing, or state of being

bounds of due restraint and decorum. Li Lichened (li'kend or lich'end), a. Relating librated or balanced; a state of equipoise, centiates of disorder.' Bp. Hall. -2. One

to or covered with lichens. with equal weights on both sides. The

Relating libration and frequent weighing of his

who has license to practise any art or fa- Lichenic (lī-ken'ik or li-chen'ik),
culty, or to exercise any profession.-3. On

to or derived from lichens; as, lichenic acid. wings.' Jer. Taylor.-2. In astron. a real

the Continent, an academical dignity be- Licheniform (li-ken' i-form or_li-chen'i. or apparent libratory motion like that of a

tween the baccalaureate and the doctorate, form), a. Resembling a lichen. H. Spencer. balance before coming to rest. - Libration of the moon, an apparent irregularity of the

and the obtaining of which is necessary to Lichenin, Lichenine (li'ken-in or lich'en-in), taking the doctor's degree; also, the person

n. (C6H100s.) A peculiar vegetable product, moon's motion, whereby those parts very who has received the degree.

isomeric with starch, sometimes called near the border of the lunar disc alternately Licentiate (li-sen'shi-āt), v.t. To give license

Lichen Starch. It is obtained from liverbecome visible and invisible, indicating, as or permission to; to encourage by license.

wort and Iceland-moss, and is stated to it were, a sort of vibratory motion of the lunar globe. The libration of the moon is of

We may not hazard either the stifling of generous

possess the alkaline property of combining inclinations, or the licentiating of anything that is

with acids. three kinds: (a) libration in longitude, or a coarse.

Sir R. L'Estrange. seeming vibratory motion according to the Licentiation (lī-sen'shi-ā"shon), n. The act

Lichenographic, Lichenographical (li

ken-o-graf"ik or lich'en-o-graf'ık, li'ken-oorder of the signs; owing to this circum

graf"ik-al or lich'en-o-graf"ik-al), a. of licentiating or permitting. (Rare.).

Perstance, that the motion of the moon about Licentious (li-sen'shus), a. (L. licentiosus,

taining to lichenography. her axis is not always precisely equal to the

from licentia, license.] 1. Characterized by Lichenographist, Lichenographer (liangular velocity in her orbit; (6) libration

or using license; indulging too great free ken-ogʻra-fist or lich-en-ogʻra-Ast, li-ken-og-in latitude, in consequence of her axis being

dom; overpassing due bounds or limits; ra-fér or lich-en-ogʻra-fér), n. One who inclined to the plane of her orbit, so that excessive.

describes the lichens; one versed in lichensometimes one of her poles and sometimes

Where shall we find a parallel in the whole com

ography. the other declines as it were, or dips towards the earth; (e) diurnal libration,

pass of the Bible for such a licentious abuse of per. Lichenography (li-ken-ogʻra-fi or lich-ensonification ?

R. Hall. og'ra-fi), n. (Gr. leichèn, a lichen, and which is simply a consequence of the lunar

Specifically-2. Unrestrained by law, reli graphó, to write.) A description of the parallax. In this case an observer at the

gion, or morality; wanton; loose; dissolute; vegetables called lichens; the science which surface of the earth perceives points near libidinous; as, a licentious person; licentious

illustrates the natural history of the lichens. the upper edge of the moon's disc, at the time of her rising, which disappear as

desires. - SYN. Unrestrained, uncurbed, un- Lichenology (li-ken-ol'o-ji or lich-en-ol'o-ji).

controlled, unruly, riotous, ungovernable, n. That department of botany which treats of her elevation is increased; while new ones wanton, profligate, dissolute, lax, loose, sen

the description and classification of lichens. on the opposite or lower edge, that were

sual, impure, unchaste, lascivious, immoral. Lichenous (li'ken-us or lich'en-us), a. 1. Rebefore invisible, come into view as she de Licentiously (li-sen'shus-li), adv. In a li. lating to, resembling, or abounding in scends towards the horizon. If the observer centious manner; in contempt of law and

lichens. — 2. Pertaining to or partaking of were placed at the earth's centre he would perceive no diurnal libration. Libration Licentiousness (lī-sen'shus-nes), n. morality; lasciviously; loosely; dissolutely.

the nature of the disease called lichen; as, The

lichenous eruptions. of the earth, a term applied by some of the

state of being licentious; licentious con Lich-fowl (lich'foul), n. A bird of night; a older astronomers to that feature of the

duct; want of due restraint; dissoluteness; lich-owl. earth's motion by which while revolving in its orbit its axis constantly continues paral- profligacy; as, his licentiousness is notorious. Lich-gate (lich'gāt), n. (See LICH.] 1. A lel to itself.

Immoderate assurance is perfect licentiousness.

Shenstone. Libratory (li'bra-to-ri), 2. Balancing; moving like a balance, as it tends to an equi- equal.

Licht (lich), a. (See LIKE.) Like; even; poise or level; oscillating.

For both to be and seem to him was labour lich. Libretto (le-bret'to), n. (It., a little book.)

Spenser. 1. A book containing the words of an ex Licht (lich), n. [A. Sax. lic, a dead body; G. tended musical composition, as an opera, leiche, a corpse; Goth. leik, Icel. lik, D. lijk, oratorio, and the like. -2. The words them

the body. Hence lichwake, lykewake, watchselves.

ing with the dead; lich-gate, a shed at the Libs (libz), n. [Gr. lit. Libyan.) The west church-gate to rest the corpse under; Lichsouth-west wind. Shenstone.

field, the field of corpses.] A dead body; Libyan (lib'yan), a. A name given to a

a corpse. group of tongues, otherwise called Berber Lichen (li'ken or lich'en), n. [Gr. leichen.] (which see)

1. In bot. one of an order of cellular cryptoLibyan (lib'yan), a. Of or pertaining to gamic plants without stem and leaves, and Libya, the ancient name of a large portion consisting mainly of a thallus. Lichens, like of North Africa, and sometimes applied to algæ, are nourished through their whole all Africa.

surface by the medium in which they live, Lice (lis), n. pl. of louse.

which in the case of the former is air. ReLicensable (li'sens-a-bl), a. Capable of production generally takes place by spores,

being licensed or permitted by legal grant. but in circumstances unfavourable to the License, Licence (li'sens), n. (Fr. licence, production or development of thecæ and from L. licentia, from licet, it is permitted, spores they are propagated by gonidia. They one is at liberty.) 1. Authority or liberty appear in the form of thin flat crusts, covgiven to do or forbear any act; the admis ering rocks and the barks of trees, or growsion of an individual, by proper authority,

Lich-gate, Clifton Hampton, Oxfordshire. ing upon the ground, or in foliaceous exto the right of doing particular acts, prac pansions, or branched like a shrub in minia church-yard gate, with a porch under which tising in professions, conducting certain ture, or sometimes only as a gelatinous mass a bier might stand while the introductory





part of the service was read before proceed- Licker (lik'er), n. One that licks or laps up; ing to the church. Called also a Corpse-gate. one that beats. 2. A term applied in some parts of the coun Lickerish (lik'ér-ish), a. [Written also licktry to the path by which a corpse is con erous, licorous, liquorish,&c., and ultimately veyed to the church.

froin the stem lick, probably through A. Sax. Lichi (lich'i), n. The fruit of Nephelium liccera, a glutton, or through the allied Lilchi. See LEECHEE.

lecher, lecherous. See LECHER, and comp. Lich-owl (lich'oul), n. (Lich, a dead body, G. lecker, lickerish, dainty, delicate, and as

and owl.] An owl, so called because vul noun a dainty person.) 1. Nice in the garly supposed to foretell death.

choice of food; dainty; as, a lickerish palate. Lichroad (lich'rõd), n. Same as Lichway. 2. Eager or greedy to swallow; eager to taste Licht (licht). The Scotch form of the Eng or enjoy; having a keen relish. lish word Light in its various meanings. It is never tongue-tied when fit commendation, Lichtly (lichi'li), v.t. To make light of; to whereof womankind is so lickerish, is offered unto undervalue; to slight; to despise; to slight


Sir P. Sidney in love. [Scotch.]

3. Tempting the appetite; dainty. Lichwake, Lichewake (lich'wāk), n. [See

Wouldst thou seek again to trap me here LICH.] The custom of watching with the With lickerish baits, fit to ensnare a brute? dead. Written also Latewake, Lykwake,

Milton. &c.

4. Lecherous; salacious. R. Broune,

In a lickerLichway (lich'wā), n. [Lich, a dead body, Lickerishly (lik'er-ish-li), ado. and way.) The path by which the dead are

ous manner; daintily, carried to the grave.

Lickerishness (lik'ér-ish-nes), n. The state Licit (lis'it), a. [L. licitus, lawful, permit

or quality of being lickerous; niceness of ted, from liceo, to be permitted.] Lawful.

palate; daintiness. 'Licit establishments. Carlyle.

Lickerous (lik'ér-us), a. Lickerish. Licitation (lis'i-ta'shon), n. [L. licitatio, Lickerously (lik’ér-us-li), adv. Lickerishly. from licitor, to bid for a thing, from liceo,

Lickerousness (lik'ėr-us-nes), n. Lickerishto set a price for sale. The act of exposing Lick-penny (lik’pen-ni), n. A greedy covet

ness. to sale to the highest bidder. (Rare.] Licitly (lis'it-li), adv. In a licit manner;

ous person. [Scotch.) lawfully

Lick-platter (lik' plat-ér), 1. A sneaking The question may be licilly discussed.

parasite; a lickspittle. 'No lick-platter, no

Throckmorton. parasite.' Lord Lytton. Licitness (lis'it-nes), n. The state or quality Lick-spigot (lik'spig-ot), n. A tapster or of being licit; lawfulness.

drawer. *Fill, lick-spigot.' Massinger. Lick (lik), v.t. (A. Sax. liccian, D. likken, Lickspittle (lík'spit-1), n. One who licks Dan. lilcke, G. lecken, Goth. laigon, in bilai or is prepared to lick another's spittle; a flatgon, represented in the kindred tongues ly terer or parasite of the most abject characIr. lighim, L. lingo, Gr. leichō, Skr. lih, Slav. ter. lisati, lokati, Lith. laizyti, to lick; allied also Lick-trencher (lik'trensh-ėr), n. Same as to ligurio, to to feast by stealth. ck-platter. Con Mag. Hence, according to Diez, It. leccare (from Licorice (lik'or-is), n. Same as Liquorice. O.H.G. leccón), Pr. liquar, lichar, Fr. lécher. Licoroust (lik'or-us), a. Same as Lickerish. Comp. lecher, lickerish, which are also from Licorousnesst (lik’or-us-nes), 12.

Same as this stem. Some forms beginning with 8 Lickerishness. seem closely allied, as D. slikken, to swal Lictor (lik'ter), n. (L.; from obs. L liceo, low; Dan. slikke, Icel, sleikja, Prov. E. and to summon.) An officer among the Romans, Sc. slake, slaik, to lick, to smear. With who bore an axe and fasces or rods as enregard to lick, Gr. leicho, and similar forms, signs of his office. The duty of a lictor was Pott remarks-'It would be useless for any to attend the chief magistrates when they one to say that in the conjunction of 1, the appeared in public, to clear the way for most mobile of the linguals, with a follow them, and cause due respect to be paid ing guttural (1-5, 1-x) there is not present them, also to apprehend and punish crimi--I do not say a conscious, but certainly a nals. kind of instinctive intentionality. By the Lictors and rods, the ensigns of their power. Milton. I is sensuously represented the contact of

Lid (lid), n. [A. Sax. hlid, gehlid, hlith, lid, the lips with an article of food or drink,

cover, protection; D. lid, 0. Fris. hlid, lid, while the guttural calls up the act of swal

0.H.G. hlit, G. lid, lied, as in augen-lied, an lowing that follows.') 1. To pass or draw

eyelid ; Icel. hlith, & gate or gateway, an the tongue over the surface; as, a dog licks

interval. Allied to L. claudo, to shut, Gr. a wound. – 2. To lap; to take in by the

kleis, a key; Skr. lud, to cover.] A cover; tongue; as, a dog or cat licks milk.-3. [See

as, (a) that which shuts the opening of a under noun, 5.) To strike repeatedly for

vessel or box; as, the lid of a chest or trunk. punishment; to flog; to chastise with blows;

(6) The cover of the eye, the membrane to beat; to conquer. (Colloq.)

which is drawn over the eyeball of an aniIt is not so sure that he licked the François. mal at pleasure, and is intended for its pro

Jerrold -To lick up, to devour; to consume en

tection; the eyelid (which see). (c) In bot. tirely

the operculum or cover of the spore-cases Now shall this company lick up all that are round

of mosses; also, a calyx that falls off from about us, as the ox licketh up the grass of the field.

the flower in a single piece.

Num. xxii. 4. Lidget (lij), n. Same as Ledge. Spenser. -To lick the dust, (a) to be slain; to perish Lidless (lid'les), a. Having no lid; uncovered, in battle.

as the

re, with the lids; hence, sleepless, His enemies shall lick the dust. Ps. Ixxii. 9.

vigilant. A lidless watcher of the public () To act abjectly and servilely.

weal.' Tennyson. Wit that can creep, and pride that licks the dust. Lie (li), n. [A. Sax. lige, lýge, a lie, from

Pope. leogan, to lie; Icel. lygi, D. logen, leugen, --To lick into shape, to give form or method

G. lüge, a lie. See the verb.] 1. A criminal to, from the notion that the young bear is

falsehood; a falsehood uttered for the purborn shapeless and its mother licks it into

pose of deception; an intentional violation shape.

of truth. A bear's a savage beast, of all Most ugly and unnatural;

It is wilful deceit that makes a lie. A man may Whelp d without form, until the dam

act a lie, as by pointing his finger in a wrong direc. Has lick'd it into shape and frame. Hudibras. tion, when a traveller inquires of him his road.

Paley. -To lick the spittle of, to fawn upon with 2. A fiction. servility; to court by flattery or attentions; i

The truth is moral, though the tale a lie. Dryden. to be meanly servile to. Need not herd themselves with the rabble, nor lick the

3. Anything that misleads or disappoints spittle of great ones.' South.

one, as false doctrine and the like. Lick (lik), n. 1. A rubbing or drawing of Wishing this lic of life were o'er. Trench the tongue over anything. — 2. A slight - To give the lie to, to charge with falsehood; smear or coat, as of paint. A lick of court

to prove to be false; as, he gave him the lie whitewash.' Gray. -- 3. (Scotch.] A small direct; a man's actions may give the lie to quantity; as much as can be taken up by the

his words. tongue; as, a lick of sugar, of oatmeal.

Men will give their own experience the lie, Locke. 4. In America, a place where salt is deposited at salt springs, and where animals come to

Syn. Falsehood, untruth, fiction, deception. lick it.-5. [In this sense Wedgwood derives Lie (lī), v.i. pret. & pp. lied; ppr. lying. the word from W. Uach, a slap; but it is

(A. Sax. leogan, D. liegen, Goth. liugan, Icel. probably the same as in the preceding senses

ljúga, O.H.G. liugan, G. lügen, to lie; comp: with an extended meaning. ) A blow; a Gael. leog, idle talk.) To utter falsehood stroke.--1. pl. [Scotch.) A beating.

with an intention to deceive; to say or do An' monie a fallow gat his licks, Burns.

that which deceives another when he has a

right to know the truth, or when morality requires a just representation.

Inform us, will the emp'ror treat!

Or do the prints and papers lie! Swift. Lie (li), v.i. pret. lay; pp. lain (lient); ppr.

lying (A. Sax. licgan, to lie, of which lecgan, to lay, is a causative; 0, and Northern E and Sc. ligge, lig; Goth. ligan, D. liggen, Dan, ligge, Icel. liggja, G. liegen, to lie. See LAW.] 1. To occupy a horizontal or nearly horizontal position; to rest lengthwise, or to be flat upon the surface of anything; to be placed and remain without motion; as, he is lying in bed; the book lies on the table: to this meaning the sense of being dead often attaches.

Her lily hand her rosy cheek lies under. Skak.

To lie in cold obstruction and to rot. Shak. 2. To lay or place one's self in a horizontal or nearly horizontal position: often with doron.

Lie down; lay thine ear close to the ground and list if thou canst hear the tread of travellers. Shak. 3. To rest in an inclining posture; to lean; to recline; as, he is lying against the wall of the house.-4. To be at rest; not to stir.

The wind is loud and will not lie. Shak. 5. To be situated; to have place or position; as, Ireland lies west of England.-6. To be posted or encamped, as an army; as, the troops lying before Sebastopol. The English lie within fifteen hundred paces. Shak. Somewhat similar is the meaning to take up a posture of defence.

Here I lay and thus 1 bore my point. Shak. 7. To reside; to dwell; to sojourn; to lodge; to sleep. The virtuous lady, Countess of Auvergne, By me entreats, great lord, thou wouldst vouchsafe To visit her poor castle where she lies. Shak. Mr. Quinion lay at our house that night. Dickens. 8. To be contined as in prison.

I will deliver you or else lie for you. Shak. 9. To remain or be in some condition; to continue: followed by some word or phrase denoting the particular condition; as, to lie waste; to lie iallow; to lie open; to lie hid; to lie pining or grieving; to lie under one's displeasure; to lie at the mercy of a credi. tor, or at the mercy of the waves.-10. To be present or contained; to be found; to exist: often followed by in.

In my loyal bosom lies his power. Shak Envy lies between beings equal in nature, though unequal in circumstances. Feremy Collier,

He that thinks that diversion may not lie in hard labour, forgets the early rising of the huntsman.

Locke. 11. To depend; to have results determined by: followed by in; as, our success lies in vigilance.-12. To weigh; to press.

His faults lie gently on him. Shak. 13. To be sustainable in law; to be capable of being maintained; as, an action lies against the tenant for waste.

An appeal lies in this case. Ch. 7. Parsons. -- To lie along, to lean over with a side wind, as a ship. --To lie along the land, to keep a course nearly parallel to the land. --To lie at one's heart, to be an object of affection, desire, or anxiety.

The Spaniards have but one temptation to quarrel with us, the recovering of Jamaica, for that has ever lien at their hearts.

Sir W. Temple. --To lie by, (a) to be reposited or remaining with; as, he has the manuscript lying by him. (6) To rest; to intermit labour; as, we lay by during the heat of the day. (c) Naut. to remain near, as one ship to another at sea. --To lie hard or heavy, to press; to oppress; to burden.

Thy wrath lieth hard upon me. Ps. Ixxxviii, 7. He that commits a sin shall find

The pressing guilt lie heavy on his mind. Creech, [Shakspere has to lie heavy to.

It would unclog my heart Or what lies heuvy to 't.] To lie in, to be in childbed.- To lie in a person, to be in the power of; to belong to. As much as lieth in you, live peaceably with all men,

Rom. xii. 18. - To lie in the way, to be an obstacle or impediment; as, remove the objections that lie in the way of an amicable adjustment. To lie in wait, to wait for in concealment; to lie in ambush; to watch for an opportunity to attack or seize. - To lie on or upon: (a) to be a matter of obligation or duty; as, it lies on the plaintiff to maintain his action. (6) To depend on. As if his life lay on it.





Shak. - To lie on hand, to be or remain in The anointed sovereign of sighs and groans,

of performing their functions, or in which

Shak. possession; to remain unsold or undisposed

Liege of all loiterers and malcontents.

the performance of functions has not perof, as, great quantities of wine lie on hand, 3. A law-abiding citizen; one of the peace manently ceased; animate existence; vitalor have lain long on hand.-To lie on one's ably disposed people; as, to disturb the ity; also, the time during which such a state hands, (a) to remain unsold. (6) Not to re lieges.

continues. quire to be expended in employment; hence, Liegeman (lēj-man), n. A vassal; a subject; Life is a series of definite and successive changes, to be tedious; as, men are sometimes at a loss a liege.

both of structure and composition, which take place to know how to employ the tinie that lies

Friends to this ground.

within an individual without destroying its identity.


And liegemen to the Dane. on their hands. --To lie on the head of, to

G. H. Leues. come on; to fall to the share of. Liege-poustie (lēj'pous-ti), n. In Scots law,

2. The time during which soul and body are What he gets more of her than sharp words, let it that state of health which gives a person

united; the mundane existence of a human lie on my head.

being; the period from birth to death; also Shak. full power to dispose, mortis causa or other-To lie orer, (a) to remain unpaid after the wise, of his heritable property. The term

power or capacity for existence after death. is considered to be derived from the words

Health and long life to you, master. Shak. time when payment is due, as a note in bank. () To be deferred to some future legitima potestas, signifying the lawful Thy life is no idle dream;... it is all thou hast to


front eternity with. occasion, as a motion or resolution in a power of disposing of property at pleasure. deliberative assembly. - To lie to, to be sta It is used in contradistinction to death-bed, a

Hence --- 3. Fig. period during which any. tionary, as a ship. A ship is said to lie to liege-poustie conveyance being one not chal thing continues to manifest its existence, lengeable on the head of death-bed.

as an institution, a form of government, when her progress is checked, either by counterbracing the yards or taking in sail. Lieger (le'jer), n. (See LEGER, LEDGER.) A &c.; as, this constitution had but a short life. -To lie to one's work, to exert all one's

resident ambassador. Written also Leiger. 4. Outward manifestation of life; condition

Lien (li'en), the obs. part. of lie. See LAIN. strength or powers in the performance of

or circumstances connected with or surone's work.

Lien (li'en), n. (Fr. lien, from L ligamen, rounding a person, considered as pleasant So many workers; and no mercenary mock workers, from ligo, to bind.] In law, a legal claim;

or painful; mode, manner, or course of livbut real ones that lie freely to it; each patriot a right in one man to retain the property

ing, as horally good or bad. stretches himself against the stubborn glebe; hews of another until some claim of the former Such was the life the frugal Sabines led. Dryden. and wheels with the whole weight that is in him. is paid or satisfied. A lien is either parti I will teach my family to lead good lizes.

cular, as a right to retain a thing for some

Mrs. Barker. -To lie under, to be subject to; to suffer; to be oppressed by. - To lie with, (a) to lodge charge or claim growing out of or connected

5. That which makes alive; cause or source with the identical thing; or general, as a

of life; animating or inspiring principle; or sleep with. (6) To have carnal knowledge of. (c) To belong to; as, it lies with you to right to retain a thing, not only for charges

hence, a person or thing which imparts or inake amends. and claims specifically connected with the

excites vigour, spirit, animation, or enjoy. identical thing, but also for a general bal.

ment; as, he was the life of every company Li, Lay Lay is a transitive verb, and has for its

into which he came. preterit laid; as, he told ine to lay it down, and I

ance of accounts between the parties in laut it down. Lie is intransitive, and has for its respect to other dealings of the like nature.

The Lord of all, himself through all diffused, General liens exist only in three ways: either

Sustains and is the life of all that lives. (ou per. preterit lay; as, he told me to lie down, and I lay down. Some persons blunder by using laid for the

by express contract, by usage of trade, or 6. Animation; spirit; briskness; vivacity; preterit of lie; as, he told me to lie down, and I laid

energy. down. So persons often say, the ship laid at anchor;

where there is some legal relation. they laid by during the storm; the book laid on the Lienteric (li-en-ter'ik), a. Pertaining to a They have no notion of life and fire in fancy and shelf, &c. It is only necessary to remember, in all lientery.

in words.

Felion. such cases, that laid is the preterit of lay and not of Lientery (li'en-tér-i), n. [Fr. lienterie; Gr. 7. The living form; truth and naturalness: in tae. This would sare many respectable writers from

leienteria --leion, smooth, and enteron, an opposition to a copy or imitation; as, a a gross error which seems to be increasing among us.

intestine.] In med. a species of diarrhæa, in description from the life. Lie (li), n. 1. The relative position of one which the aliments are discharged undi. He that would be a master must draw by the life, object with regard to another, or with re gested, and with little alteration either in as well as copy from originals. Jeremy Collier. gard to a point of the compass; as, I don't colour or substance.

There was never counterfeit of passion came so know the lie of the country. Hence--2. Situa- | Lier (li'ér), n. One who lies down; one who


near the life of passion. tion, position, or state, as of an affair.-3. In rests or remains.

8. A person; a living being, usually or algeol the manner in which strata are dis He wist not that there were liers in ambush against

ways a human being; as, many lives were posed.

Josh. viii, 14. sacrificed; and as a collective term, human Lie (li), n. Same as Lye.

Lierne (le-ern), n. (Perhaps connected with beings in any number; as, a great loss of life. Lie-a-bed (li'a-bed), n. One who lies long liene, Fr.lier, to bind. ] In arch. an old French 9. Animals in general, or regarded collecin the morning.

term denoting any rib that does not rise tively; animated beings in the aggregate; as, David was none of your lie-a-beds. Charles Reade. from the impost, and is not a ridge rib, but the stream of life on the globe. “Lives Lieberkühn (lē'ber-kün), n. [ See next

crosses from one boss or intersection of the through all life.' Pope. article.) A silver concave reflector fixed principal ribs to another. Vaults in which


Full nature swarins with life. on the object-glass end of a microscope to

such liernes are employed are termed lierne 10. Blood, as the supposed vehicle of animabring the light to focus on an opaque object. vaults.

tion. Lieberkühnian (lē-ber-kü'ni-an), a. (After Lieu (lū), n. [Fr.; 0. Fr. liu, lou, Pr. luoc, loc,

The warm life caine issuing through the wound. Lieberkuhn, who first observed the glands from L. locus, place.] Place; room; stead:

Pope. by aid of a lens.) In anat. appellative of preceded by in.

11. Narrative of a past life; history of the certain simple secreting cavities thickly dis

Far lovelier in our Lancelot had it been,

events of life; biographical narration. tributed over the intestines, called LieberIn lieu of dailying with the truth,

Plutarch, that writes his life, To have trusted me as he has trusted you.

Tells us that Cato dearly loved his wife.

Pope. kühnian glands.

Tennyson. Lief (ler), a. (O.E. lefe, leve, A. Sax. leof,

In lieu is exactly equivalent to instead.

12. The attainment or experience of enjoy. lored, beloved; D. lief, Icel. ljúfr, G. lieb, Lieutenancy (lef-ten'an-si), n. 1. The office

ment in the right use of the powers; espeGoth liubs, loved. Akin love.] 1. Dear; be or commission of a lieutenant. -2. The col

cially, happiness in the favour of God; eterloved; pleasing; agreeable. lective body of lieutenants.

nal existence; heavenly felicity, in distincYet now I charge thee quickly go again Lieutenant (lef-ten'ant), n. [Fr., composed

tion from earthly death. As thou art lies and dear. Tennyson. of lieu, place, and tenant, L. tenens, hold

To be carnally minded is death; but to be spiritually minded is life and peace.

Rom. viu. 6. 2. Willing; pleased; glad.

ing.) 1. An officer, civil or military, who He up arose, however lief or loth,

13. Position in society; rank, as determined Spenser, supplies the place of a superior in his abLieft (ler), n. One loved or beloved; a friend.

sence.--2. (a) A commissioned officer in the by manner of living; social state; as, high * Liefest lief.'. Spenser. army next in rank below a captain. (b) A

or low life.--14. Common occurrences; course

of things; human affairs. commissioned officer in the navy, ranking Lief (lei), adv. Gladly; willingly; freely:

But to know used in familiar speech, as in the phrase, with a captain in the army.

That which before us lies in daily life, I had as lief go as not. Had in such a Lieutenant-colonel (lef-ten'ant-kér-nel), n.

Is the prime wisdom.

Milton. phrase is perhaps a corruption of would, Milit. an officer next in rank below a colo

15. That which is dear to one as one's existnel. arising from the two words being both con

He generally is the commander of the

regiment. tracted into 'd in such phrases as I'd, he'd;

ence; darling; beloved. My queen, my life, but this is very doubtful. See HAVE. Lieutenant-general (lef-ten'ant-jen-er-al),

my wife.' Shak.-16. An insurance on a pern. Milit. an officer in the army next in rank

son's life; a life-insurance policy.-For life, Myself would work eye dim, and finger lame, below a general.

(a) for the whole term of one's existence; as, Far liefer than so inuch discredit him. Tennyson. Lieutenant-governor (lef-ten'ant-gu-vérn

he got a pension for life. (6) So as to save, I'd much liefer be well-born Than boast the wealth of Crasus. Prof. Blackie. er), n. An officer performing the duties of

or to strive to save one's own life; with the

utmost degree of exertion possible; as, to Written also Lieve, Leef, Leve.

a governor. In some British possessions and Liege (lej), a. [Fr. lige, Pr. litge, It. ligio, colonies, jointly under a governor-general,

run for life; to swim for life. - To the life, the chief magistrate of a separate district

so as to closely resemble the living person LL. ligius, legius. Origin quite uncertain.) is called a lieutenant-governor.

or original, as a picture; hence, exactly ; 1. Bound by feudal tenure, whether to tri

perfectly; as, the portrait was drawn to the bute and due subjection, as a vassal, or to Lieutenantry + (lef-ten'ant-ri), n. Lieuten

life.-Life of an execution, in law, the period protection and just government, as a chief,

If such tricks as these strip you out of your lieu.

when an execution is in force, or before it My true liege man.' Spenser. His liege



expires. (Life is used in a number of comJord' Baker.-2. Relating to the bond re- Lieutenantship (lef-ten'ant-ship), n.


pounds the meaning of which is generally ciprocally connecting vassal and chief; as,

sufficiently obvious; as, life-consuming, lifeliege vassalage.

state or office of a lieutenant; lieutenancy.
By liege homage, a vassal
Lieve (lév), a. Same as Lief.

harming, life-preserving, &c.] was bound to serve his lord against all,

Life-annuity (lif'an-nu-i-ti), n. A sum of without excepting his sovereign; or against ! Far liever by his dear hand had I die. Tennyson.

money paid yearly during a person's life. all excepting a former lord to whom he Lievrite (lev'rit), n. A mineral, called also Life-assurance (lif'a-shör-ans), n. See owed like service. 1 Yenite (which see).

INSURANCE. Liege (lėj), n. 1. A vassal holding a fee by Life (lir), 12. pl. Lives (livz). [A. Sax. lif, Life-belt (lif'belt), n. An inflated belt, genewhich he is bound to perform certain ser 10, Icel, lif, Dan. liv, D. lijf, Goth. libains, rally made of india-rubber, or a belt made vices and duties to his lord.—2. A lord or life. See LIVE.) 1. That state of an animal of several pieces of cork fastened together, superior; a sovereign.

or a plant in which its organs are capable used to support the body in the water.



Life-blood (lifblud), n. 1. The blood neces anywhere in a vessel to secure the safety of (6) To direct the desires to God in prayer. sary to life; vital blood.-2. That which is the men, especially in bad weather; also, Ps. cxxi. 1. -Tolift up the face, to look to with essential to existence or strength; that one of several lines attached to a life-buoy confidence, cheerfulness, and comfort. Job which constitutes or gives strength and or to a life-boat to enable a person the xxii. 26.-To lift up the feet, to come speedily energy. Money, the life-blood of the na more readily to lay hold of it in the water. to one's relief. Ps. lxxiv. 3.- To lift the tion.' Swift.

Lifelong (lif’long), a. Lasting or continu hand, to raise the hand for the purpose of Life-blood (lif'blud), a. Necessary as blood ing through life; as, a lifelong struggle with striking; to strike or threaten to life; essential. Life-blood laws.' Milton. poverty.

To lift up the hand, (a) to swear, or to conLife-boat (lifböt), n. A boat for saving Lifelyt (lif'li), adr. In a lifelike manner; firm by oath. Gen. xiv. 22. () To raise the persons from drowning, constructed with to the life.

hands in prayer. Ps. xxviii. 2 (c) To rise great strength to resist violent shocks, and Life-mortar (lif'mor-tär), n. A mortar for in opposition to; to rebel; to assanlt. 2 Sam. at the same time possessing sufficient buoy. throwing a rocket with a rope attached over xviii. 28. a ship in distress near the shore.

He ne'er lift up his hand but conquered. Shak. Lifent (lif'en), v.t. To give an appearance (d) To shake off sloth and engage in duty.

of life or reality to. Marston. Life-office (lif'of-fis), n.

Heb. xii. 12.---To lift up the hand against, An office where

(a) to strike. (6) To injure; to oppress. 'If I insurance over lives can be effected.

have lifted up my hand against the fatherLife-peerage (lif'pēr-aj), n. A peerage for less.' Job xxxi. 21.- To lift up the head, (a)

life only 2

to raise from a low condition; to exalt. Gen. Life-preserver (lif'prē.

xl. 13. (6) To rejoice. Luke xxi. 28.-To lift zėry-ér), n. He who or

up the heel against, to treat with insolence that which preserves CBCM B C life: especially, (a) an

and contempt. John xiii. 18. -To lift up the

horn, to behave arrogantly, or scornfully. apparatus of various

Ps. lxxv. 4. - To lift up the voice, to cry forms, as an air-tight

aloud; to call out, either in grief or joy. Life-boat.

jacket or belt, or a com-
plete dress, designed

And she sat over against him, and lifted up her Fig. 1, Sheer plan. Fig. 2, Section amidships.

voice, and wept.

Gen. xxl. 16. for the preservation of

SYN. To raise, elevate, exalt, elate, erect, the lives of

persons ancy to enable it to float though loaded

hoist, heave. who, from shipwreck or with men and filled with water. The boat

Lift (lift), v.i. 1. To try to raise; to exert other cause, are comrepresented in the accompanying figure is

the strength for the purpose of raising or pelled to trust themprovided with air-cases at the stem and

Figure wearing a selves to the water. (6) Life-preserver.

bearing. The body strained by lifting at a stern, and others at each side, and is 33 feet

weight too heavy.' Locke.-2. To rise, or A short stick with a long and 8 feet broad. The festooned line loaded head, used for defence against as

be raised or elevated; as, the fog lifts; the in fig. 1 shows the exterior life-line. In sailants.

land lifts to a ship approaching it.-3. To fig. 2, A A are the side air-cases; BB, relievLifer (liffér), n. One who receives a sen

practise theft. ing tubes through which any water that is

Lift (lift), n. 1. The act or manner of raisshipped is got rid off; cc, spaces beneath tence of penal servitude for life. [Slang. )

ing or lifting; elevation; as, the lift of the the deck placed longitudinally at the mid

He was tried for prison breaking, and got made a feet in walking or running.-2. That which lifen

Dickens. ship part of the boat, with cases packed with

is to be raised;

a weight; as, 2 cwt. is a good cork, forming part of the ballast; d, scuttle Life-rate (lif'rāt), n. The rate or amount

lift.-3. Assistance in lifting; hence, assistfor ventilation with pump fixed in it. for which a life is insured.

ance in general, as by giving a pedestrian a Life-buoy (lif'boi), n. See BUOY.

Liferent (lif'rent), n. In law, a rent which seat for a distance in a vehicle, by enabling Life-drop (lif drop), n. A vital drop; a drop

a man receives for the term of his life, or for another to attain some object or to better of one's heart's blood. Byron.

sustentation of life; a right which entitles himself, and the like; as, we gave the farmer Life-estate (lif'es-tät), n. An estate that a person to use and enjoy property during a lift with his ploughing; to give one a lift continues during the life of the possessor.

life, without destroying or wasting it. in the world. Life-everlasting (lif'ev-er-last'ing), n. A Liferenter (līf'rent-ér), n. The person who

If I find nobody in the road to give me a lift, I plant of the genus Gnaphalium; cudweed. enjoys a liferent.

shall walk the nine mile back to-night. Dickens. See GNAPHALIUM. Life-rocket (lif'rok-et), 1. A rocket dis

Much watching of Louisa, and much subsequent Lifeful lif'fyl), a. 1. Full of life; lively.

charged from a life-mortar, and which con observation of her impenetrable demeanour, which While thus he lifeful spoke.' Keats.

veys a rope to a ship in distress, so as to keenly whetted and sharpened Mrs. S.'s edge, must 2. Giving life. establish communication with those on

have given her, as it were, a lift in the way of inspiration.

Dickens. board. Like lifeful heat to numbed senses brought.

The spring or

4. A rise; a degree of elevation; as, the lift Lifespring (lif'spring), n. Spenser,

of a lock in canals.-5. Anything which assists Life-giving (lif'giv-ing), a. Giving life or source of life.

in lifting, as a device for raising persons or spirit; having power to give life; inspiriting; Lifestring (līt'string), n. A nerve or string

goods from a lower flat or story of a se in the body imagined to convey or to be invigorating Life-giving plant.' Milton. Life-guard (lif'gärd), n. A guard of the life essential to life. The undecaying lifestrings

to a higher one; an elevator; a lifter. or person; a guard that attends the person of those hearts.' Daniel.

6. Naut. a rope descending from the cap

and mast-head to the extremity of a yard of a prince or other person; a body-guard: Life-table (lif'ta-bl), n. A statistical table in the British army, the name Life-guards exhibiting the probability of life at different

for supporting the yard, keeping it in equi

librium, and raising the end, when occasion is given to two cavalry regiments belonging ages. to the Household Brigade. Lifetime (lif'tīm), n. The time that life

requires. -7. A gate without hinges, and Life-hold (lifshöld), n.

which must be lifted up or removed to let See LIFE-LAND. continues; duration of life.

one pass through. Called also Lift-gate. Life-insurance (lif'in-shör-ans). See IN Jourdain talked prose all his lifetime, without (Local.) - Deadlift, a sheer lift; & lift SURANCE.

knowing what it was.


without any sort of assistance from the Life-interest (lif'in-ter-est), n. An estate Lifeweary (lif'wê-ri), a. Tired of life; weary object lifted; effort to raise something or interest which lasts during one's life, or of living. Shak.

wholly inert; hence, something which taxes the life of some other person.

Lift (lift), v.t. [From 0. E. and Sc. lift, A. all one's powers or exceeds them; an extreme Life-land (lif'land), n. Land held on a lease

Sax. lyft, air, sky (or perhaps the noun may for lives. Called also Life-hold.

emergency; as, to help one at a dead lift. be from the verbal stem, as heaven from

Mr. Doctor had puzzled his brains Life-leaving (liflēv-ing), n. Departure from heave); comp. Sw. lyfta, Dan. löfte, G. lüften, In making a ballad, but was at a stand: life. Shak.

to raise into the air, to lift, from Sw. Dan. And you freely must own you were at a dead lift. Lifeless (lif'les), a. Destitute of life: (a) and G. luft, air, atmosphere; Icel. lopta, Lift (lift), n. [A. Sax. lyft, Dan. Sw. and G.

Swift dead; deprived of life; as, a lifeless body.

lypta, to lift, and lopt, air, atmosphere. (6) Inanimate; inorganic; as, lifeless matter.

luft, Goth. luftus, air. This word is either See LOFT, and LIFT, the air or heavens. ] Was I to have never parted from thy side? 1. To raise; to elevate; to bring from a

the origin of the verb lift or from the verbal As good have grown there still a lifeless rib. lower to a higher position or place; to up

stem (see LIFT, v.t.); it is also closely allied Milton. (c) Destitute of power, force, vigour, or heave; as, to lift the foot or the hand; to

to loft and aloft (which see)] The air;

the spirit; destitute of or characterized by the lift the head. --2. To elevate; to exalt; to

atmosphere; the sky or heavens. [Old Engwant of any animating principle; dull; heavy; raise or improve, as in fortune, estimation,

lish and Scotch.) inactive; as, a lifeless style of oratory; lifedignity, or rank: often with up; as, his for

Still the lift gloamed, and the wind roared.

Feffrey. less movements.

tune has lifted him into notice or into Liftable (lift'a-bl), a. Capable of being

office. The other victor-flame a moment stood,

lifted. Then fell and lifeless left the extinguished wood. The Roman virtues lift up inortal man! Addison. Lifter (lift'er), n. 1. One who or that which

Dryden. (d) Vapid; insipid; tasteless, as liquor. (@)Cha3. To cause to swell, as with pride; to elate:

lifts or raises : (a) a thief; as, a cattleoften with up.

lifter, 'So young a man and so old a racterized by the absence of living beings, Statues finished the lifeless spot with inimic repre

Lest being lifted up with pride, he fall into the

lifter.' Shak. (b) A latch-key. (c) An appacondemnation of the devil.

1 Tim. iii. 6.

ratus for lifting goods or persons; a lift. sentations of the excluded sons of men. Walpole. SYN. Dead, soulless, inanimate, torpid, inert, 4.1 To bear; to support. Spenser.-5. To

(d) In founding, a tool for dressing the mould;

also, a contrivance attached to a cope to hold inactive, dull, heavy, unanimated, spiritless,

remove from its place; to take and carry frigid, pointless, vapid, flat, tasteless. away; to remove by stealing; as, to lift

the sand together when the cope is lifted. Lifelessly (liffles-li), adv.

Goodrich. (e) In the steam-engine, the arm In a lifeless

cattle. ---6. In Scrip. to elevate for the purmanner; without vigour; dully; heavily; pose of crucifying.

on a lifting-rod that raises the puppet-valve.

Goodrich. frigidly.

When ye have lifted up the Son of man, then shall Lift-hammer (lift ham-mér), n. A light Lifelessness (lif'les-nes), n. The state of

ye know that I am he.

John viii. 28.

form of tilt-hammer, in which the hammer being lifeless; destitution of life, vigour, and 7. To gather; to collect; as, to lift rents; to is raised by a spring and depressed by a spirit; inactivity.

lift accounts. -- To lift up the eyes, (a) to treadle. Lifelike (lif'lik), a. Like a living person;

look; to raise the eyes.

Lifting-bridge (lift'ing-brij), n. A draw. resembling life. Life-line (lif'lin), n.

Lot lifted up his eyes, and beheld all the plain of

bridge which is raised to allow vessels to Naut. a rope stretched Jordan.

Gen. xiii. io.

pass, as along a canal or the like.




Lifting-gear (lift'ing-gēr), 11. The apparatus entertained respecting the nature of light Ah hopeless, lasting flames! like those that burn inside a boiler for lifting the safety-valve. may be ranged under two heads--the system

To light the dead.

Pore. It consists of levers connected with the of emission and the system of undulation.

How the lit lake shines !-a phosphoric sea. Byron. valve and to a screw worked by a handle The former, adopted and perfected by New His bishops lead him forth and light him on. outside the boiler. ton, supposes light to consist of minute par

Lauder Lifting-rod (lift'ing-rod), n. In the steam ticles emitted by luminous bodies and tra

SYN. To kindle, ignite, fire, inflame, illumiengine, a rod receiving motion from the velling through space with immense rapidity

nate, illumine, enlighten. rock-shaft, and imparting motion to the till they reach the eye; the latter supposes Light (lit), a. [A. Sax. liht, leoht; 0.H.G. lifter of a puppet-valve.

that objects are rendered visible by vibra

I lihti, D. ligt, G. leicht, Icel. léttr, Dan. let, Lift-lock (lift lok), n. A name sometimes tions excited by luminous bodies in an elas

light; Goth. leihts, lightness; allied to L.levis, given to à canal-lock, because it lifts or tic imponderable medium named ether, per

Gr.elachys, Skr. laghu, light.] 1. Not heavy; raises a boat from one level to another. vading all space and filling up the intervals

having little weight; not tending to the Lift-pump (lift'pump), n. A pump in which between the molecules of ponderable bodies.

centre of gravity with force; as, a feather is the piston raises the water through the whole The former is called the Newtonian or cor

light compared with lead or silver. -2. Not height above the barrel by lifting it without puscular theory; the latter, which is that

burdensome; easy to be lifted, borne, or carthe agency of the atmosphere. now universally accepted, the undulatory

ried by physical strength; as, a light burden, Lift-tenter (lift'tent-ér), n. In mach. the or wave theory. The language, however,

weight, or load. governor of a wind-mill driving grinding which is employed in treating of light is, for

It will be light, my lord, that you may bear it

Under a cloak that is of any length. stones, for regulating the distance between the most part, accommodated to the for

Shak. the upper and lower stones, according to mer. The velocity of light is astonishing,

3. Not oppressive; easy to be suffered or the velocity

as it passes through a space of nearly endured; as, a light affliction. Lift-wall (lift'wąl), n. The cross-wall of a 12,000,000 miles in a minute.-2. That from Light sufferings give us leisure to complain. lock-chamber of a canal. which such an agent or force emanates, or

Dryden, Lig, Ligget (lig v.i. To lie. (Old and is supposed to emanate; that object or body

4. Easy to be performed; not difficult; not provincial English.) which renders other objects or bodies dis

requiring great strength or exertion; as, the Vowing that never he in bed againe tinct, clear, or visible to the eye of the ob

task is light; the work is light. ---5. Easy to His hribes would rest, ne lig in case embost. Spenser. server, as the sun, the moon, a star, a light

be digested; not oppressive to the stomach; Wheer asta beän saw long and meä liggin' 'ere house, a candle, a match, and the like.

as, light food.-6. Not heavily armed, or aloän! Tennyson.

armed with light weapons; as, light troops;

Then he called for a light, and sprang in. Ligament (lig'a-ment), n. [L. ligamentum,

Acts xvi. 29.

a troop of light horse. -7. Not encumberedi; from ligo, to bind.) 1. Anything that ties or

And God made two great lights; the greater light

unembarrassed; clear of impediments; acunites one thing or part to another; a band;

to rule the day, and the lesser light to rule the night. tive; swift; nimble.

Gen. 1. 1o. a bond, Hence-3. Fig. something which metaphori

Unmarried men are best masters, but not best sub

jects; for they are light to run away. Bacon. Interwoven is the love of liberty with every liga. cally resembles such an object in making mont of your hearts. Washington. distinct, clear, or visible; knowledge; infor

8. Not heavily or deeply laden; not suffiThe soul, beginning to be freed from the ligaments mation; especially, the source of moral or

ciently ballasted; as, the ship returned light. of the body, reasons like hersell, and discourses in a

9. Slight; trifling; not important; as, a light strain above mortality.

religious enlightenment; mental or spiritual

error.-10. Not dense; not gross; not strong; 2. In anat. a strong, compact substance,

illumination; also, a person who is conspic-
uous or noteworthy; a model or example;

not copious or vehement; inconsiderable; serving to bind one bone to another. It is as, the lights of the age.

as, light vapours, fumes, rain, snow, wind, a white, solid, inelastic, tendinous substance,

&c. - 11. Easy to admit influence; inconsi

He shall never know softer than cartilage, but harder than mem

derate; easily influenced by trifling con

That I had any light from thee of this. Shak. brane. Ligaments are divided into capsic

siderations; unsteady; unsettled; volatile; lar and connecting ligaments. The former

4. The physical conditions or phenomena as, a light vain person; a light mind. serve to connect the extremities of the determining the visibility of objects; the

There is no greater argument of a light and incon. movable bones, and prevent the efflux of phenomena constituting day; the dawn of

siderate person, than profanely to scotiat religion.

Tillotson. synovia, while the latter strengthen the

day; space or area that is illuminated ; union of the extremities of the movable

hence, open view; a visible state or condi 12. Indulging in, exhibiting, or indicating bones.-3. In zool. the dense chitinous struction; public observation; publicity.

levity; wanting in solidity or steadiness of ture which connects the valves of a bivalve O, spring to light / auspicious Babe, be born! Pope. character; trifling; gay; airy. mollusc, and opens them by the elasticity of

The murderer rising with the light killeth the poor Seneca cannot be too heavy, nor Plautus too light.
and needy.
Job xxiv. 14.

Shak. its layers.

Why am I asked, What next shall see the light) We may neither be light in prayer, nor wrathful in Ligamental, Ligamentous (lig-a-mental,


3. M. Mason. lig-a-ment'us), a. Composing a ligament; 5. That by which light is admitted to a 13. Wanton; unchaste; as, a woman of light of the nature of a ligament; binding; as, a place otherwise void of light, as a window, carriage. strong ligamentous membrane.'

pane of a window, or other opening; also, A light wife doth make a heavy husband. Shak. Ligan (li'gan), n. (Contr. for L. ligamen, a compartment of a window; as, a window

14. Not of legal weight; clipped; diminished; a band, bandage, from ligo, to bind. ] Goods of three lights.

as, light coin.-15. Loose; sandy; easily pulsunk in the sea, but having a cork or buoy

There were windows in three rows, and light was attached in order that they may be found

verized; as, a light soil.–16. Having a senagainst light in three ranks.

Ki. vii. 4. again. Also written Lagan. See FLOTSAM

sation of giddiness; dizzy. Light of head 6. The manner in which the light strikes and JETSAM.

for want of sleep and want of food.' Dickens. Ligation (li-gā'shon), n. [L. ligatio, ligatioupon an object or picture; also, the illumi

17. Adapted for or employed in light work; nated part of an object or picture; the part nis, from ligo, to bind.) i. The act of bind

as, a light porter. - To set light by, to which lies opposite the object from which ing, or state of being bound.--2. That which

undervalue; to slight; to treat as of no imthe light comes or is supposed to come. binds; a bond; a ligature; the place where

portance; to despise. —To make light of, to

Never adınit two equal lights in the same picture. treat as of little consequence; to slight; to anything is bound.

Dryden. disregard. A bundle tied with tape, and sealed at each fold 7. The point of view or position in which or and ligation with black wax. Sir W. Scott.

Light (lit), n. A lung. See LIGHTS.

from which anything is looked at or conLigatura (lēg-ä-tö'rä), n. (It.) In music, a sidered; aspect; side or features to which Light (lit), v.t. To lighten; to ease of a bur

Light (lit), adv. Lightly; cheaply. Hooker. ligature (which see).

attention is paid.

den. --To light along a rope or sail (naut.), Ligature (lig'a-tūr), n. (L. ligatura, from

Frequent consideration of a thing wears off the

to assist in hauling it along. ligo, to bind.] 1. Anything that binds; a cord, strangeness of it, and shows it in its several lights thong, band, or bandage.-2. The act of bind and various ways of appearance.


Light (lit), v.i. pret. & pp. lighted, some

times lit; ppr. lighting. [A. Sax. lihtan, alihing: as, by a strict ligature of the parts. - 8. In law, the right which a man has to 3. The state of being bound; stiffness, as of a have the access of the sun's rays to his

tan, to descend, alight, from liht, not heavy.

"To alight from horseback, to light upon the joint.-4. Impotence induced by magic. - windows free from any obstruction on the 5. In music, a band or line connecting notes. part of his neighbours. Northern lights,

ground, are probably to be understood from

the notion of lightening the conveyance on 6. In printing,a type consisting of two or more the aurora borealis (which see). -The light

which the agent was previously borne. letters or characters united, as fi, f, ji, jil, of the countenance, favour; smiles. Ps. iv. in English. The old editions of Greek au 6.---To stand in one's own light, to be the

Wedgwood.] i. To fall on; to come to by thors abound with ligatures. - 7. In surg.

chance; to happen to find: with on or upon, means of preventing one's own good, or

and formerly with into. "They shall light (a) a cord or string for tying the blood frustrating one's own purposes.-To bring

into atheistical company.' South. vessels, particularly the arteries, to prevent to light, to bring to knowledge, detection, hemorrhage. () A thread or wire to remove or discovery.-To come to light, to be de A weaker man may sometimes light on notions

which have escaped a wiser.

Watis. tumours, &c., by strangulation. tected; to be discovered or found.

All my blood danced in me, and I knew Ligatured (lig'a-türd), a. Connected or Light (lit), a. 1. Bright; clear; not dark or

That I should light 11pon the Holy Grail

. bound by a ligature; as, 'ligatured letters.' obscure; as, the morning is light; the apart

Tennyson. Gent. Mag.

ment is light.-2. White or whitish; not in 2. To descend, as from a horse or carriage: Ligeance, Ligeancy,t n. Allegiance. tense or deep, as a colour; not dark in followed by dowon, of, or from. Liggement (lij'ment), n. In arch. same as colour; as, a light colour; a light brown

He lighted down from the chariot. 2 Ki. v. 21. Ledgement. or a light shade of brown; a light com

She lighted off the camel. Gen. xxiv, 64. Ligger (lig'er), n. The horizontal timber of plexion.

3. To stoop, as from flight; to settle; to come a scaffolding; a ledger. Light (lit), v.t. pret. & pp. lighted, some

to rest; as, the bee lights on this flower and Light (lit), n. [A. Sax. leoht, lyht, light, a times lit; ppr. lighting. 1. To set fire to; to

that. light; 0. Sax. 0.H.G. lioht, leoht, D. and G. kindle; to ignite; to set burning either

On the tree-tops a crested peacock lit. Tennyson, licht, Icel. ljos, Dan. lys, Goth. liuhath; allied literally or figuratively; as, to light a candle to L lux, lumen, light, luceo, to shine, luna, or lamp: sometimes with up; as, to light Lightable (lit'a-bl), a. Capable of being the moon; Gr. leukos, white, leusso, to see; upan inextinguishable conflagration. 'Since lighted. W. Ulug, Gael. leus, light; Skr. loch, to shine, first our loves were lighted.' Dryden.-2. To Light-ball (lit'bal), n. Milit. a ball of comto see. ) 1. That agent or force in nature by give light to; to fill or spread over with bustible materials used to afford light, esthe action of which upon the organs of sight light; to conduct or precede by light or pecially to one's own operations. objects from which it proceeds are rendered

Milit. an lights; to show the way to by means of a Light-barrel (līt'bar-el), n. visible. The several views which have been light; to illuminate.

empty powder-barrel with holes in it, filled ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch; 8, go; j, job; i, Fr. ton;

TH, then; th, thin;
w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure. -See KEY.


ng, sing;

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