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with shavings soaked in tar, used to light up a trench or breach. Light-boat (litshöt), n. See LIGHT-SHIP. ht-brain (lit.'brān), m. An empty brain; a light-headed or weak-minded person. Being as some were, fight-braintes, runnagates, unthriftes, and riotours. Asartist (1554). Light—due (lit'dii), n. A duty or toll levied on ships navigating certain waters for the maintenance of the lights shown for their guidance or warning. hten (lit.'n), v.i. [From light, n., with suffix -en.] 1. To exhibit the phenomenon of lightning; to give out flashes; to flash. This dreadful night, That thunders, lightens, opens graves, and roars As doth the lion. Shak. 2. To become more light; to become less dark or gloomy; to clear; as, the skylightens. Lighten (lit.'n). v. t. 1. To make light or clear; to dissipate darkness from ; to fill with light; to illuminate; to enlighten; as, to lighten an apartment with lamps or gas; to lighten the streets. A key of fire ran all along the shore, And lightened all the river with a blaze. Dryden. 2. To illuminate with knowledge; to enlighten. ow the Lord lighten thee! thou art a geol. lar3. To emit or send forth, as lightnin something resembling lightning; to flas Behold his eye, As bright as is the eagle's, lightens forth Controlling majesty. Shak. Lighten (liton), v. t. 1. To make lighter or less heavy; to reduce in weight; to relieve of a certain amount of weight; as, to lighten a ship by unloading; to lighten a load or burden. —2. To make less burdensome or oppressive; to alleviate; as, to lighten the cares of life; to lighten the burden of grief. 3. To cheer; to exhilarate. A trusty villain, sir, that very oft, When Y. dull with care and melancholy, Lightens my humour with his merry jests. Shao.

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Light-horseman (lit.'hors-man), n. A lightarmed cavalry soldier.

Lighthouse (lit'hous), n. A tower or other lofty structure with a powerful light at top, erected at the entrance of a port or at some important point on a coast, and serving as a guide or warning of danger to navi- 5 gators at night; a 3 pharos. The old method of illuminating lighthouses was simply by means of afire. Reflectors and lenses were not used till near the close of last century. The o for illumination now consists of an elaborate arrangement of glass lenses and prisms, -with which reflectors may or may not be combined. The source of the light is gas, oil, or sometimes electricity.

Skerryvore Lighthouse.

a. Water tanks. 8, Coal. c, Workshop. d. Provisions. e, Kitchen, f, g, Bedrooms. A, Qfficers' room. , Oil. f. Light room.

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a quality indicating freedom from weight or clumsiness.-SYN. Levity, inconstancy, unsteadiness, volatility, instability, giddiness, flightiness, airiness, sprightliness, briskness, wantonness, agility, nimbleness, swiftness, ease, facility. Lightness (lit.'nes), n. Want of darkness or intensity; clearness; as, the greater or less lightness of colours; the lightness of the ni

tning (lit.'ning), m. [From verb to lighten...] 1. A flash of light the result of a discharge of atmospheric electricity from one cloud to another, or from a cloud to the earth-2. A flashing or brightening up of the mind or spirits. [Rare.]

How oft when men are at the point of death Have they been merry! which their keepers call A sightning before death. Shak.

Lightning-conductor (lit.'ning-kon-duktor), n., Same as Lightning-rod, htning-glance (litoning-glans), n. A glance or darting of lightning; a glance or flash of the eye like lightning. Lightning-print (lit’ning-print), n. An appearance sometimes found on the skin of men and animals and on clothing struck by lightning or in the neighbourhood of the stroke, and popularly supposed to be photoo of surrounding objects. That this is the case is highly improbable, and the few well-authenticated instances yet remain to be accounted for. ofoo it'ning-prof), a. Safe or protected from lightning. Lightning-rod (lit.'ning-rod), n. A pointed, insulated metallic rod erected to protect buildings or vessels from lightning; a lightning-conductor. In buildings the lightning-rod rises from 8 to 30 feet above the highest part of the structure, and is car. ried down into the earth to a depth of about 2 feet, then deflected from the wall of the building through a charcoal drain, and then led into water where possible, or into moist earth or a hole packed with charcoal. In ships a rod is frequently placed on every mast, and their connection with the sea is established by strips of copper inlaid in the masts, and attached below to the metal of or about the keel. In the figures given below a shows a lightning-rod consisting of a tube formed of metallic strips joined together; b is a lightning-rod of copper-wire ropes intertwined with iron rods; e consists of a metallic strip forming a tube with spiral flanges; c shows the metallic

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strands of which the rod is composed, spread out to form several tips; d is a tip formed of several metals inclosed the one within the other, the most fusible being outside; f, a series of points formed of spiral coils combined with a tubular portion forming the tip, the conductor being a flat strip; g, sections coupled by an interior cylinder, with a tapering plug projecting from each of its ends; h shows how sections of a square tubular rod are secured to each other by square plugs fastened by indenting the tubes into suitable depressions formed in them; i, sections connected by interior short pieces fastened to each other by pins. Light-o'-love (lit'6-luv), n. 1. An old dance tune, the name of which made it a proverbial expression of levity, especially in love matters. “Best sing it to the tune of lighto'-love.’ Shak.-2. A light or wanton woman. Beau. & Fl. So, my quean, you and I must part sooner than perhaps a light-o'-love such as you expected to part with a-likely young fellow. o: Joo. .s.

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and serving as a lighthouse. Such vessels of course do not require masts or sails. They are stationed in positions where the bottom or the depth renders a fixed struci. impracticable. Called also Lightoat. Lightsome (lit'sum), a. 1. Luminous; not dark; not obscure. ‘The gay beams of lightsome day.” Sir W. Scott. White walls make rooms more lightsome than black. Bacon. 2. Gay; airy; cheering; exhilarating. ‘That tightsome affection of joy.” Hooker. Lightsomely (lit’sum-li), adv. In a lightsoline Inanner. Lightsomeness (lit'sum-nes), n. The condition or quality of being lightsome: (a) luminousness. (b) Cheerfulness; merriment;

levity. Ligh ted (lit'spir-it-ed), a. Having a light or cheerful spirit. Light-weight (lit' wat), n. In sporting, a

man or animal below a fixed weight; a boxer, jockey, or horse under a standard weight. Light-winged (lit’wingd), a. Having light or fleet wings. “Light-wing'd toys of feather'd Cupid." Shak. Light-wood (lit.'wud), n. A name given in America to the knots and other resinous

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Lign-aloes (lin-al'öz), n. . [L. lignum, wood, and aloes...] Aloes wood or agallochum, a sweet-scented tree allied to sandal-wood. It is the resinous wood of Aquilaria Agallocha, which was once generally valued for use as incense, but now esteemed only in the East. See AGALLOCHUM. Ligneous (ligné-us), a. [L. ligneus, from lignum, wood.) Made of wood; consisting of wood; resembling wood; wooden.—Ligneous marble, wood coated or prepared so as to resemble marble. erous (lig-nif'ér-us), a. [L. ligmiser— lignum, and fero, to produce..] Producing wood: yielding wood. cation (lig'mi-fi-kā"shon), n. The act of lignifying, or the state of being lignified; the process of becoming or of converting o: wood or the hard substance of a vegee. Ligniform (lig'mi-form), a. [L. lignum, wood, *orma. shape.] Like wood; resembling wood. only (lig’ni-fi), v.t. pret. & pp. lignified; ppr. lignifying. [L. lignum, wood, and acio, to make.] To convert into wood. (ligoni-fi), v.i. To become wood. e (lignin), n. [From L. lignum, wood.] (CoHo O.) Vegetable fibre; the substance which remains after a plant or a portion of it has been treated with water, weak alkaline and acid solutions, with alcohol and ether, in order to dissolve all the matters soluble in these agents. It constitutes the skeleton of the trunk and branches of the tree, and is found to consist of carbon and the elements of water. Lignin is a modification of cellulose. Ligniperdous (lig-ni-pér'dus), a. [L. lignum, and perdo, to destroy.] Wood-destroying: said of certain insects. Lignite (lignit), n. (L. lignum, wood.] Fos

51 sil-wood, wood-coal, or brown coal, a combustible substance mineralized to a certain degree, but retaining distinctly its woody texture. It holds a station intermediate between peat and coal. Beds of lignite occur in the new red sandstone and oolite, but chiefly in the upper cretaceous and tertiary formations. In some parts of Germany it occurs in strata of more than 30 feet in thickness, chiefly composed of trees which have been drifted, apparently by freshwater, from their place of growth. It is but a poor fuel, being not very rich in carbon, but is used in some parts of France and Germany for domestic and manufacturing purposes. Lignitic (lig-nit'ik), a. Containing lignite; resembling lignite. Lignitiferous (lig-ni-tif'êr-us), a. In geol. a term applied to strata containing beds of lignite or brown coal. Lignous, Lignose (lig'nus, lig'nós), a. Ligneous. Lignum (lig'num), n. [L.] Wood; that portion of arborescent plants which comprises the alburnum and the duramen.

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wood of life, so called from its hardness and durability.] The popular name of a tree, Guaiacum officinale, nat. order Zygophyllaceae. The common lignum-vitae is a native of the northern coast of South America and of several of the West Indian Islands. It is a middle-sized tree, having a hard, brownish, brittle bark, and firm, solid, ponderous, very resinous wood of a blackishyellow colour in the middle, and of a hot aromatic taste. The leaves are composed of two or three pairs of leaflets, and the flowers are light blue. It is of use in medicine and the mechanical arts, being wrought into utensils, wheels, cogs, and various articles of turnery. See GUAIA

CUM. Holo e (lig'ti-la, lig'ill), n. [L. ligula, a strap, for lingula, dim. of lingua, the tongue.] In bot: (a) a strapshaped petal of flowers of the order Compositae. (b) The membrane which occurs at the base of the lamina of a grass leaf, as that of millet (Milium multirum), shown in the figure. a. ted (lig'à-lāt, lig’īl-lāt-ed), a. [L. ligula, a strap.] Like a bandage or strap; in bot. applied especially to the ray florets of Compositae, which are flat, spreading out toward the end, with the base only tubular, and to flowers having such florets. n. See LIGULA. orae (lig-il-lifolò-ré), m. pl. [L. ligula, a strap, and %. floris, a flower.] A suborder of Compositae. The florets of the compound flowers are ligulate, and have each a stamen and pistil. Liguliflorous (lig-ti-lifolò-rus), a. In bot. having a capitulum composed exclusively of ligulate florets. Liguorist, Liguorian (lig-H-6'rist, lig-il-3ri-an), n. Same as Redemptorist. Ligure (ligour), n. [Gr, lyngkourion, ling{...}} urion, a kind of gem, from lyngos ouron, lynx's urine, being believed to be composed of lynx's urine petrifled.]. A kind of precious stone. And the third row a figure, an agate, and an amethyst. - Ex. xxviii. 19. Ligurite (li'gūr-it), n. [From Liguria.] A variety of sphene, a mineral occurring in oblique rhombic prisms, of an apple-green colour, occasionally speckled. Ligusticum (li-gus’ti-kum), n. [So named because of some of the species growing in Liguria.] A genus of large herbaceous perennials, natives of the northern hemisphere, nat. order Umbelliferae. One species, L. scoticum, is a British plant known by the name of lovage: it is sometimes used as a potherb. Ligustrum (li-gus' trum), m. . [L., privet.] A genus of shrubs or small trees, including about twenty-five species, nat. order Oleaceae. They are natives of Europe, temperate Asia, and tropical Australia, with smooth opposite entire leaves, and trichotomous panicles of small, usually white, flowers, which are succeeded by globular berry-like fruits. The common Fo (L. ;:...) is a British plant used for low hedges.

L. Ligula.


Likable, Likableness (lik'a-bl, lik'a-bl-nes). See LIKEABLE, LIKEABLENESs. Like (lik), a... [A. Sax. lic, gelic; D. lijk, gelijk, Icel, likr, glikr, G. gleich, Goth. leiks, aleiks, like. #. same word modified orms the termination in each, such, which, Sc. whilk, &c., and in adjectives and adverbs in lu. This is the origin of the verb to like, originally to suit, to please, and the adjective seems to be based on A. Sax. lic, form, figure, substance, dead body, whence lich, a corpse. See Lich.) 1. Equal in quantity, quality, or degree; exactly corresponding; same; as, a territory of like extent with another; men of like excellence. More clergymen were impoverished by the late war, than ever in the like space before. .Sprat. Even a private bank could not well be set up at Constantinople or Smyrna for the like reason. Brougham. 2. Having resemblance; of the same kind; similar; resembling. Elias was a man subject to like passions as weare. am. v. 17. Why might not all other planets be created for the like uses, each for their own inhabitants? Bentley. 3. Having an aspect indicative of something; giving reason for a certain expectation or belief; probable; likely. O that it were as like as it is true: Brutus had rather be a villager Than to repute himself a son of Rome Under these hard conditions as this time Is like to lay upon us. Joao. 4. Having competent power, ability, inclination, or means; equal or disposed to. Many were not easy to be governed, nor like to conforin themselves to strict rules. Clarendon. He did not feel like returning to his solitary room with his mind unsettled. 9 ulia Kavanagh. Had like, was like; had nearly; came little short of; as, he had like to be defeated. [Like is frequently suffixed to nouns to form adjectives denoting resemblance or in the manner of, as childlike.] Like (lik), n. Some person or thing resembling another; an exact counterpart; a resemblance; a copy. He was a man, take him for all and all, I shall not look upon his like again. Johak. Every like is not the same. Sha&. Like (lik), adv. 1. In the same or a similar manner; equally; similarly; as, “Like warlike as the wolf.” Shak. Ilike as a father pitieth his children, so the Lord pitieth them that fear him. Ps. ciii. 13. Be strong, and quit yourselves like men.

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Liket (lik), v.t. To liken. “And like me to the peasant boys of France.” Shak. Like (lik), v. t. pret. & pp. liked; ppr. liking. [A. Sax. lician, gelician, to please, to suit; lit. to be like one's tastes; D. lijken, to suit; Icel. lika, to please, to like; Goth. leikan, to please, galeikan, to be well pleased or content. See the adjective..] 1. To be pleased with in a moderate degree; to approve; to take satisfaction in; to enjoy. He grew content to mark their speeches, then to marvel at such wit in shepherds, after to like their company. Sir P. Sidney. 2. t To please; to be agreeable to: used impersonally. The music likes you not. Shak, This desire being recommended to her majesty, it Ilked her to include the same within one ent; lease. artown. Like (lik), v.i. To be pleased; to choose.

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3. f. Resemblance; likeness; similarity. There is no likelihood between pure light and black darkness, or between righteousness and reprobation. Raleigh. Likeliness (lik'li-nes), n. The condition or quality of being likely: (a) probability. (b) Suitableness; agreeableness. Likely (likoli), a. 1. Having the appearance of truth; yo of belief; credible; !". bable; as, a likely story.—2. So situated as *probably to adopt some line of action, or the like; as, I am likely to be from home to-morrow. [Likely in such expressions may also be considered an adverb.]–3. Suitable; well-adapted; convenient. A likely person is one that probably may suit or serve such and such a purpose. — 4 + Similar; alike; congenial. Love is a celestial harmony Of likely hearts. Soenser. 5. [More directly from the verbal stem.] Such as may be liked; pleasing; agreeable; good-looking. I have not seen So likely an ambassador of love. Shak. [In the United States this word is often applied on account of mental endowments or pleasing accomplishments. With the Americans a likely man is a man of good character and talents, or of good dispositions or accomplishments, that render him reEoi or promising.] ely (lik'li), adv. Probably; as may reasonably be thought; so as to give probable expectation. While man was innocent, he was likely ignorant of nothing that imported him to know. Glant':/fe.

Like-minded (lik'mind-ed), a. Having a like disposition or purpose. Fulfil ye my joy, that ye be like-minded. Phil. ii. 2. Liken (lik'n), v.t. [From like, the adjective.] 1. To make like; to cause to resemble. It is remarkable how exactly the occasional deviations from its fundamental principles in a free constitution, and the .#. uction of arbitrary power, liken it to the worst despotisms. Aronohan. 2. To compare; to represent as resembling or similar. Whosoever heareth these sayings of mine, and doeth them, I will liken him unto a wise man, which built his house upon a rock, Mat. vii. 24. Likeness (lik'nes), m. 1. The condition or quality of being like; similarity; resemblance.—2. That which resembles or copies something else; especially, a portrait of a person, or the picture of an animal or other object. Likerous, t. a. [See LICKERISH.) Gluttonous; lascivious. Chaucer. Likewake (lik"wāk), n. [Another form of Lichwake.] The watching of a corpse before interment; a lichwake. Likewise (lik'wiz), conj, and adv. In like manner; also; moreover; too. For he seeth that wise men die, orware the fool and the brutish person perish, and leave their wealth to others. Ps. xlix. Io. He is a poet, and likewise a musician. JPhately. Liking (lik'ing), a. Having a certain appearance; featured or favoured. Why should he see your faces worse liking than the children which are of your sort? Dan. i. 10. (lik'ing), m. 1. Bodily condition, more especially good or sound condition. Their young ones are in good liking. Job xxxix. 4. I'll repent while I am in some liking. Shak. 2. State of trial, in order to decide whether that which is tried will be liked or not; approval. [Rare.] Forced with regret to leave her native sphere, Came but a while on liking here. Dryden. 3. Inclination; pleasure; desire; satisfaction; as, this is an amusement to your liking: often with for or to. A person who cannot build a house or a carriage will decide for himself whether a house or a carriage is built to his liking. Sir G. C. Lewis. He who has no fiking to the whole, ought in reason to be excluded from censuring the parts.


Lilac (li'lak), n. o, lilac, Ar. lilak, liläk, lilac ; Per lilaj, lilanj, lilang, nilah, the indigo-plant, from nil, indigo, Skr. nila, blue, milam, indigo..] A plant of the genus Syringa, the S. vulgaris, nat. order Oleaceae, a beautiful and fragrant-flowered shrub, a native of Persia, but now completely acclimatised in this country. There are several varieties with flowers of different colours. Lilacine (lil'a-sin), n. In chem. the bitter principle of the lilac.

ae (lil-i-ā'sé-É), [L. lilium, a lily.] A large natural order of endogenous plants,

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lished with lilies. By sandy Ladon's Wified banks. Asifton. Liliput, Lilliput (lili put), a. of or per: taining to o an imaginary country of Fo visited by Gulliver in his travels; hence, small; pigmy. Liliputian, Lilliputian (lil-i-pâ'shan), n. 1. One belonging to a diminutive race, described in Swift's imaginary kingdom of Liliput.-2. A person of a very small size. issipatán. putian (lil-i-pu'shan), a. Very small; pigmean. Lilium (lil'i-um), n. [L.] A genus of bulbous plants. See LILY. Lillf (lil), v. i. or t. [Form of loll.] To loll. Curled with thousand adders venomous, And listed forth his bloody flaming tong. Seen rer. Lill (lil) m. One of the holes of a wind-instrument. Sir W. Scott. [Scotch.] Lillibullero (lil'li-bul-lè"ro), n. Originally, it is said, a watchword of the Irish Roman Catholics in their massacre of the Protestants in 1641; afterwards, the refrain and name of a political song popular during and after the reign of James II. Lilt (lilt), v. i. 1. To do anything with dexterity or quickness; to jerk; to spring; to hop. [Local.] Whether the bird flew here or there, O'er table filt, or perch on chair. 14'ordrivorth. 2. To sing or play, especially in a cheerful manner; to sing with animation and gaiety. [Scotch.] Lilt (lilt), v. t. To sing, especially to sing cheerfully; to play on an instrument: to give animated utterance to ; as, to lilt a song or a tune. [Properly a Scotch word.] A classic lecture, rich in sentiment, With scraps of thundrous epic lilted out By violet-hooded doctors. Tennyson. Lilt (lilt), n. Something played or sung; a song; a tune; an air. Lily (lili), n. [A Sax. lilie, lilige, L. lilium, Gr, leirion.] 1. The English popular name of a genus of plants (Lilium), nat. order Liliaceae. There are many species, as the white lily, orange lily, tiger-lily, scarlet lily, &c., all herbaceous perennials, with c scaly bulbs, whence arise tall slender stems, furnished with alternate or some what whorled leaves, and bearing upon their summit a number of erector drooping flowers of white Lily (Lilium candidum). great beauty and variety of colours, having a perianth of six distinct or slightly cohering segments. Many foreign species have been introduced into this country, some of which are quite hardy, while others require to be cultivated in greenhouses. The Japanese lily (L. auratum) grows out of doors, but is better under glass. It is one of the noblest flowering plants in existence, and highly fragrant. L. giganteum grows to the height of 12 ft.—

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rous beetle (Crioceris merdigera), of the

family Crioceridae, found on the white lily.

The larva of this species covers its back with its excrement, which serves to protect it; hence its specific name of ‘ordure-bear

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consisting of two wheels and an axle, with a frainework and shafts for the horses. On the top of the frame are two ammunitionboxes, which serve also as seats for two artillerymen. The limber is connected with the gun-carriage, properly so called, by an iron hook, called the pintail, fastened into an eye in the trail or wooden block which supports the cannon. When the gun is brought into action it is unlimbered by the block being unfastened from the pintail, and laid on the ground, or carried round to right or left so as to make the piece point in the desired direction.—2. pl. Thills; shafts of a carriage.—3. Naut. a hole cut through the floor timbers as a passage for water to the pump-well. Limber (lim'bër), p. t. To attach the limber to, as a gun: often with up. Limber-board (limbér-bórd), n. Naut, a short plank placed over a limber-hole to keep out dirt, &c. Limber-hole (lim'bér-höl), n. Same as Lim

or, 3. Limberness (lim"bér-nes), n. The quality of being limber or easily bent; flexibleness; pliancy. Limber-strake (lim'bér-stråk), n. Same as Limber-board. Limbilite (lim'bil-it), n. In mineral, a hard, compact mineral, found in irregular veins in the volcanic district of Limburg, a province of the Netherlands. It appears to be a decomposed variety of chrysolite. Limb-mealt (lim'mél), a. [A. Sax. limmaclum, limb-limb, from lim, a limb, and mael, a part, portion.) Piecemeal. O that I had her here, to tear her limb-meal. Shak. Limbo (lim‘bö), n. [It., from L. limbus, a hem or edge.) 1. In scholastic theol. a region beyond this world in which the souls of those who have not offended by personal acts are detained till the final judgment. Two or more


of such regions are sometimes mentioned, more especially a lumbus patrum and a limbus infantumn, the former of which designates that place referred to in 1 Pet. iii. 19, where our Saviour spoke to the spirits in prison, and where the souls of good men before the coming of our Saviour were confined, the latter of which designates the place or condition of infants who die without baptism.— 2. Any similar region apart from this world. Shakspere seems to apply the term to hell itself. Ariosto makes it the place of all lost things. As far from help as Zimba is from bliss. Shak. A limbo large and broad, since called The Paradise of Fools. .../notor. 3. A prison or other place of confinement. [Slang or colloq.] All which appearing on she went To find the knight in lim'o pent. Hudioras.

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2. A most useful caustic earth, obtained by exposing chalk and other kinds of limestones or carbonates of lime to a red heat—an operation generally conducted in kilns constructed for the purpose, by which the carbonic acid is expelled, and lime more or less pure, according to the original quality of the limestone, remains, in which state it is called quicklime. The metallic base of lime is calcium (which see), of which it is the protoxide (CaO). When it is required of great purity it is prepared by strongly heating pure carbonate of lime, such as Iceland-spar or Carrara marble. It is a brittle, white, earthy solid, the specific gravity of which is about 2:3. It phosphoresces powerfully when heated to full redness. It is one of the most infusible bodies known. It has a powerful affinity for water, and when water is sprinkled upon it it becomes very hot, and crumbles down into a dry powder, called slaked lime or hydrate of line. The carbonate of lime is a most abundant natural product, and is found pure in the varieties of calcareous spar and statuary marble. Chalk and several varieties of limestone are also nearly pure carbonates of lime. The salts of lime, as the nitrate, sulphate, phosphate, oxalate, &c., several of which exist native, are generally obtained by dissolving carbonate of lime in the respective acids. Chloride of lime, or bleaching powder, is obtained by exposing hydrate of lime to chlorine, and when this is dissolved in water it forms bleaching liquid. The most important application of lime is in the Inanufacture of mortar and other cements used in building; it is also extensively used as a manure to fertilize land. Lime (lim), n. [A. Sax. lind, linde, O.E. lynde, linde, line, D. and G. linde, Dan. Sw, Icel. lind. The word in English became line, then probably line. But Wedgwood thinks the tree received its name from the glutinous or limy juice of the young shoots, which with the buds he thinks may have been boiled down for bird-lime.] The English name of the genus Tilia, nat. order Tiliaceae. They are fine trees, with soft wood, more or less heart-shaped and serrate leaves, and small cymes of cream-coloured fragrant flowers hanging on an axillary peduncle, which is united to a leaflike bract. The common lime or linden tree is the T. europaea. It is a large and handsome tree, ..". timber, though soft and weak, is valuable for many

purposes. Mats are made of the fibres of the inner bark, which is called bast. The

American lime-tree or bass-wood (T. americana) resembles the European species. Lime (lim), n. [Fr. lime, from Per limi", linton, whence also lemon. J 1. A species of Citrus, the C. Linnetta. It is cultivated in the south of Europe, and produces an inferior sort of lemon. See CITRUS. – 2. The acid fruit produced by the Citrus Limetta; it is used for flavouring punch, sherbet, and similar drinks. Lime (lim), v. t. pret. & pp. limed; ppr. liming. 1. To smear with a viscous substance for the purpose of catching birds. York, and impious Beaufort, that false priest, Have all lim'd bushes to betray thy wings, And fly thou how thou canst they'll tangle thee. Shak.

2. To entangle; to ensnare.

O limed soul, that, struggling to be free. Art inore engaged Soak. 3. To manure with lime. Land may be improved by draining, marting, and *time. Sir J. Caiaz. 4. To cement. Who gave his blood to lime the stones together. Shak.

Lime (lim), n. A thong or string to lead a dog; a leam (which see).

Lime-burner (lim'bérn-èr), n. One who burns limestone to form line.

Limehound (lim'hound), m. A dog used in hunting the wild boar; a limmer: so called as being led by a lime or string.

I have seen him

Smell out her footing like a limehound. Massinger.

Lime-juice (lim'jūs), n. The juice of the lime used for much the same purposes as lemon-juice. See LEMON-JUICE. Limekiln (lim'kil), n. A kiln or furnace in which limestone or shells are exposed to a strong heat and reduced to lime. Lime-light (lin'lit), m. A very powerful light produced by turning two jets of gas, one of hydrogen and one of oxygen, in a state of ignition on a ball of lime. Limenean (li-men'é-an), a. Of or pertaining to Lima, or the inhabitants of Lima, in Peru. Limenean (li-men'é-an), n. A native or inhabitant of Lima, in Peru. Lime-pit (lim'pit), m. A limestone quarry. Limer, f n. A lime-hound. Hine-roa (lim'rod), n. A twig with birdine. Lime-sink (lim'singk), m. A rounded hole or depression in the ground in limestone districts. Limestone (lim'stön), n. A kind of stone consisting of varieties of carbonate of lime. When exposed to great heat in the presence of carbon they yield quicklime, the carbonic acid being expelled. Lime-twig (lim'twig), n. A twig smeared with lime; that which catches; a snare. Enter'd the very lime-twigs of his spells, And yet came off. .11a/tort.

Lime-twig (lim'twig), c.t. To furnish with lime-twigs or snares; to entangle or retard. Not to have their consultations time-frogged with quirks and sophisms of philosophical persons. L. -- of iron. Lime-wash (lim'wosh), n. A coating given with lime-water; whitewash. Lime-water (lim'wa-tér), n. Water impregnated with lime. As it is astringent, tonic, and antacid it is used in medicine in diarrhoea, diabetes, heartburn, &c., and as a lotion to foul and cancerous ulcers. Limit o m. [L. limes, limitis, a bound. Akin limen, a threshold.) 1. That which terminates, circumscribes, restrains, or confines; bound; border; utmost extent; as, the limit of a town, city, or empire; the limits of human knowledge. I prithee give no limits to my tongue; I ain a king and privileged to speak. s/tax. 2. In logic and metaph. a distinguishing characteristic; a differentia. –3. In math. a determinate quantity to which a variable one continually approaches, and may come nearer to it by any given difference, but can never go beyond it.—4. t A limb, as the termination of the body. “Strength of limits.” Shak.-Limits of a prison, or simply limits, a definite extent of space in or around a prison, within which a prisoner has liberty to go and come. Limit (lim' it), v. t. 1. To bound; to set bounds to. – 2. To confine within certain bounds; to circumscribe; to restrain.

Alimit each leader to his several charge. Sha&.

3. To restrain or confine the signification of; to apply exclusively: said of words or conceptions. Limit (lim'it), oi. To exercise any function, as begging, within a limited district; as, a limiting friar. Limitable (lim'it-a-bl), a. Capable of being limited, circumscribed, bounded, or restrained. Limitaneous (lim-it-ā'né-us), a. Pertaining to limits or bounds. Limitarian (lim-it-à'ri-an), a. Tending to limit or circumscribe. Limitarian (lim-it-ā'ri-an), n., . One that limits; one who holds the doctrine that a part of the human race only are to be saved: opposed to universalist. (lim'it-a-ri), a. 1. Placed at the limit, as a guard. “Proud limitary cherub.' Milton. – 2. Circumscribed or bounded in LIMITARY


power or authority. "Limitary king.” Pitt. “The limitary ocean.” Trench. The poor limitary creature calling himself a man of the world. De Quincry. tary (lim'it-a-ri), n. A district lying at the limits of a larger country; a country lying on the confines or frontier of another; a borderland. in the time of the Romans this country, because a Zimitary, did abound with fortifications. Fuller. Limitation (lim-it-à'shon), n., (L. limitatio, limitationis, from limito, to inclose within boundaries, from limes, limitis, a limit.) 1. The act of bounding or circumscribing.— 2. The condition of being limited, bounded, or circumscribed; restriction. Am I yourself But as it were in sort and limitation. Sarar &. 3. That which limits; the means of limiting or circumscribing, qualifying or restricting; restraining condition, defining circumstance, or qualifying conception; as, limitations of thought. If a king come in by conquest, he is no longer a limited monarch; if he afterwards consent to Armiitatrous, he becomes immediately king de fore. Szway?. 4. t The act of begging or exercising their functions by friars within a certain specified district. A limiter of the Grey Friars, in the course of his Jimitation, preached many times, and had but one sermon at all times. rooter.

5. In law, a certain time assigned by statute

within which an action must be brought. Limited (lim’it-ed), p. and a. 1. Confined within limits; narrow; circumscribed; as, our views of nature are very limited.— 2 + Appointed. ‘"Tis my limited service.” Shak.-Limited liability company, a comÉ. or corporation whose partners or shareolders are liable only for a fixed amount, generally the amount of the shares subscribed.—Limited monarchy, a form of government in which the monarch shares the supreme power with a class of nobles, with a popular body, or with both.-Limited problen, in math. a problem that has but one solution, or some determinate number of solutions. Limitedly (lim'it-ed-li), adv. In a limited manner or degree; with limitation. Limitedness (lim'it-ed-nes), n. State of being limited. Limiter (lim'it-ér), n. 1. One who or that which limits or confines.—2. A friar licensed to beg within certain bounds, or whose duty was limited to a certain district. Limitless (limit-les),a. Having no limits: unbounde “Limitless perfection.” Dr. Caird. Now to this sea of city-commonwealth, Limitless London, am I come obscured. Sir G. Davier. SYN. Boundless, unlimited, unbounded, illimitable, infinite, immense, vast. tour, t n. Same as Limiter, 2. im'ma), n. (Gr. leimma, what is left, from leipó, to leave..] In music, (a) the diatonic semitone. (b) An interval which, on account of its exceeding smallness, does not appear in the practice of modern music, but is of great account in the mathematical calculation of the proportion of different intervals. Chambers's Ency. Limmer (lim'êr), n. [Fr. limier, O. Fr. liemer, a large hound; lit. a dog held in a leash. See LEAMER and LIMEHOUND.] 1. A limehound (which see).-2. A dog engendered between a hound and a mastiff; a mongrel. 3. A scoundrel; a low, base, or worthless fellow. “Thieves, limmers, and broken men of the Highlands.’ Sir W. Scott.—4. [Scotch.] A woman of loose manners; a jade. Except for breaking o' their timmer, Or speaking lightly o their limmer. ArrorrisLimmert (lim'ér), n. [A form of limber, a thill.] 1. A thill or shaft. [Local.]–2. A thill-horse. [Local.] Limmert (lim'ér), a. Limber. They have their feet and legs limmer, where with they crawl. //olland. Limn (lim), c.t. [Fr. enluminer, L. illumino, to illuminate. See ILLUMINATE, LUMINous, &c.) To draw or paint; specifically, to paint in water colours; to illuminate, as a book or parchment with figures, ornamental letters, and the like. Let a painter lim't out a million of faces and you shall find them all different. ir 7”. Arrozzone.

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Limnaeadae, Limnaeidae (lim-né'a-dé, limné'i-dé), m. pl. [See LIMN&A.) The pondsnails, a family of fresh-water, univalve, inoperculate, gasteropodous molluscs, having a lung sac instead of gills. The shell is spiral, elongated, thin, translucent, the body whorl large, the aperture rounded in front, and the columella obliquely twisted. They have the power of floating on their back, the foot forming a kind of boat. They are found in all parts of the world, and occur fossil, especially in the Wealden. The genus Limnaca is the type. Limner (lim'nér), n. One who limns; the old term for an artist or delineator, but chiefly restricted to one who painted portraits or miniatures. Limnite (limonit), n. 1. A fossil species of the genus Linnaea. – 2. Yellow ochre or brown iron ore, containing more water than limonite. Composition: oxide of iron 74-8, water 25°2. Limnoria (lim-nó'ri-a), m. A genus of isopodous crustaceans which feed on wood, and are most destructive to piers, dock-gates, ships, and other wood-work immersed in

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Jiao. Limp (limp), m. A halt; act of limping. Hor (limp), a. [See the verb, also LIMBER.] 1. i Vapid; weak. Iz. Walton. —2. Easily bent; flexible; pliant; lacking stiffness; flaccid. His looks were starched, but his white neckerchief was not; and its long /tona ends struggled over his closely-buttoned waistcoat in a very uncouth and unpicturesque fashion. 19trøents. Limper (limp'ér), m. One who limps. Limpet (lim'pet), m. . [O. Fr. limpine, a limpet; comp. Gr. lepas, lepados, a limpet.] A cyclobranchiate gasteropodous mollusc of the genus Patella, adhering to rocks. This adhesion is effected partly by the suctorial powers of its broad disc-like foot, and o strong glutinous secretion given e mucous follicles and canals of Most commonly the limpet is found ensconced in a shallow pit excavated out of the rock, and which it has made or ras out by the siliceous particles embedded in its foot. From this pit the limpet, when covered by the tide, makes short journeys in quest of its food, which consists of algae, and which it eats by means of a long ribbon-like tongue covered with numerous rows of hard teeth. The common species (Patella vulgata) is used as bait, and is eaten by the poorer classes of Scotland and Ireland. In tropical seas they attain an immense size, one species having a shell about a foot wide.

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Celtic: Gael. linne, Ir, linn, W. llyn, a pool; with which may have blended A. Sax hlinna, a brook, Icel lind, a well, spring, or brook.] [Old and provincial.] 1. A spring or source: a pond or mere; a pool or collection of water, particularly the one below a fall of water —2. A cataract or waterfall.–3. The face of a precipice; a shrubby ravine. Linaceae (li-na'sé-É), m. pl. A small natural order of exogenous plants, scattered more or less over most parts of the globe, those in temperate and southern regions being herbs, while the tropical representatives are trees or shrubs. They are principall characterized by their regular flowers, wit imbricate glandular sepals having a disc of five glands outside the staminal tube; the ovary is three to five celled, with two ovules in each cell; the albumen is fleshy; the leaves are simple, usually stipulate, rarely opposite. The tenacity of the fibre and the mucilage of the diuretic seeds of certain species of Linum, such as the common flax !!!", usitatissimum), are well known. See FLAx. e,f n. Lineage; family. Chaucer. Linament (lin'a-ment), n. (L. linamentum, from linum, flax.] In surg. lint; a tent for a wound. Linaria (li-nā‘ri-a), m. [From Gr, limon, flax —referring to the resemblance of the leaves.] A genus of monopetalous, dicotyledonous plants, of the nat, order Scrophulariaceae. Seven or eight species inhabit Britain, where they are popularly known as Toad-star. Linch (linsh), n. [A. Sax. hlinc, a ridge of land left unploughed, a balk...] A ledge; a right-angled projection. Linch-pin o m. [A. Sax. lymès, an axle-tree; D. lums, lens, G. lunse, a linchpin..] A pin used to prevent the wheel of a carriage or other wheeled vehicle from sliding off the axle-tree. Lincoln Green (ling'kon grèn), n. A colour of cloth formerly made in Lincoln: the cloth itself. ‘His hunting suit of Lincoln green.” Sir W. Scott. Lincture, Linctus (lingk’túr, lingk’tus), m. [L. lingo, linctum, to lick.] A medicine to be taken by licking; a substance of the consistence of honey, used for coughs, &c.

| Lind (lind), n. The linden.

Lindabrides (lin-dal'ri-déz), m. The name of a heroine in the romance called The Mirror of Knighthood, subsequently a synonym for mistress or concubine. B. Jomson; Sir W. Scott.

Linden (lin'den), m. [.A. Sax. Icel. Sw. and Dan. lind, D. and G. linde, O.C. linda, the linden. See LIME, the tree.) 1. A handsome tree, Tilia europaea; the lime (which see).-2. In America, bass-wood; the American lime.

Line (lin), n. [A. Sax. line, a rope or line, from L. linea, a linen thread, a string, a line or stroke, from linum, flax: Fr. ligne, G. limie, a line. See LINE.N.) 1. A linen thread or string; a small rope or cord made of any material; a measuring-cord; as, the angler uses a line and hook.

We steal by line and level. Shak.

2. Anything which resembles such a thread or string in tenuity and extension; that which is mainly characterized by longitu

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