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SAADH

750

SABLE

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in which it appears are sm, sn, sp, and st strictly synonymous with Sunday Sunday Sabellian (sa-bel'i-an), a. Pertaining to the (as in small, snow, spring, strong); st and sp is the mere name of the day; Sabbath is the heresy of Sabellius. See SABELLIAN, n. are common also as final combinations. In name of the institution. Sunday is the Sabellian (sa - bel'i-an), n. A follower of some cases a final t has been tacked on to a Sabbath of Christians; Saturday is the Sab Sabellius, à philosopher of Egypt in the word ending properly in 8, as in amongst, bath of the Jews. But in the mouths of third century, who taught that there is one midst, whilst, behest, no doubt owing to the many it is equivalent to Sunday.

person only in the Godhead, and that the frequency with which this combination oc Glad we returned up to the coasts of light Word and Holy Spirit are only virtues, curs. It is often doubled, and as the second Ere Sabbath evening.

Milton. emanations, or functions of the Deity. element in a combination it may appear Hail, Sabbath! thee I hail, the poor man's day. Sabellianism (sa-bel'i-an-izm), n. The docfinally after any of the consonants except

Grahame. trines or tenets of the Sabellians. ch, sh. 2. One reason for its being so common is that it is the characteristic of the

his mouth-it is always the Sabbath. The deses Saber (sā’ber), n. American mode of spelling cration of the Sabbath,' as he delights to call it, is to

Sabre. plural and other inflections.-In abbrevia him meat and drink.

Trollope. Sabia (sā'bi-a), n. A genus of plants, so tions S stands for various words; as, F.R.S. 2. Intermission of pain or sorrow; time of

called from the Indian name sabja of one of Fellow of the Royal Society; S.T.P. for rest. "The eternal Sabbath of his rest.' Dry

the species, and forming the type of the Sanctæ Theologiæ Professor, Professor of den.

small order Sabiaceæ. There are about ten Sacred Theology; its most common use as Peaceful sleep out the sabbath of the tomb, species, natives of tropical and eastern teman abbreviation is for south; S. E. south And wake to raptures in a life to come. Pope. perate Asia. The species form ornamental east; S. W. south-west, &c.-In chem. S. is Take thy banner! May it wave

climbing shrubs, with smooth, lanceolate, the symbol for sulphur.

Proudly o'er the good and brave;

alternate leaves, and axillary cymes or panSaadh (så'ad), n. [Hind, sadha, pure.] One

When the battle's distant wail

icles of small greenish flowers.

Breaks the Sabbath of our vale. Longfellow. of an Indian sect of pure deists, whose mode

Sabiaceæ (sā-bi-ā'sē-ē), n. pl. A small order of life in many respects resembles those of 3. The sabbatical year among the Israelites. of dicotyledons, distributed into four genera, the Quakers.

Lev. xxv. 4. See under SABBATIC, SABBATI of which Sabia is Asiatic, Phoxanthus and Sabadilla (sab-a-dila). See CEVADILLA. CAL.- Sabbath-day's journey, the distance Ophiocaryon American, and Meliosma comSabæan (sa-bē'an), n. Same as Sabian. which the Jews were permitted to travel on mon to both the Old and New Worlds. Sabæanism (sa-bē'an-izm), n. Same as Sa the Sabbath-day. It appears to have varied

Sabian (sā'bi-an), n. A native or inhabitant beism and Sabianism. at different times and in different circum

of that part of Arabia now called Yemen, Sabæism, Sabaism (sā’bē-izm, sā'ba-izm). stances, but it was probably seldom more

the chief city of which was called Saba. See SABIANISM.

than the whole, or less than three-fourths, They were extensive merchants of spices, Sabal (sā'bal), n. A genus of palms, natives of a geographical mile. A space of 2000 ells

perfumes, precious stones, &c., which they of the tropics, and next to Chamærops the on every side of a city belonged to it, and

imported from India. most northern genus of Palmaceæ. Some to go that distance beyond the walls was Sabian (sā'bi -an),

a. Pertaining to Saba of them are lofty trees, but one, the S. permitted as a Sabbath - day's journey.

or its inhabitants. Written also Sabean, Palmetto, is perhaps the smallest of all the Smith's Dict. of the Bible.

Sabean. palm tribe. The leaves of S. Adansoni, as

Sabbath-breaker (sab'bath-brāk-ér),n. One Sabian (sā' bi-an), a. (Heb. tsaba, an army well as those of S. Palmetto and S. Mexi who breaks the Sabbath; one who profanes

or host, especially the heavenly host of the cana, are used for making hats and mats. the Sabbath by violating the laws of God or

angels and the heavenly luminaries.] PerSabaoth (sa-bā'oth ), n. [Heb. tsabaoth, man which enjoin the religious observance

taining to the religion and rites of the Sa. armies, from tsába, to assemble, to go forth of that day.

bians. See SABIAN, N. Written also Sabean, to war, to fight.] 1. In Scrip. armies; hosts. The usurer is the greatest Sabbath-breaker, because Sabqan, Sabaian. “The Lord of Sabaoth.' Rom. ix. 29; Jam, v. 4. his plough goeth every Sunday.

Bacon.

Sabian (sā bi-an), n. [See above.] 1. Aworship2. Erroneously used as synonymous with Sabbath - breaking (sab'bath-brāk-ing), n. per of the sun and other heavenly bodies. Sabbath Spenser. 'Sacred and inspired The act of breaking or profaning the

Sab 2. One of an obscure sect, who mingled ChrisDivinity, the Sabaoth and port of all men's bath. Also used as an adjective: given to tianity,Judaism, Mohammedanism, and hea. labours and peregrinations.' Bacon. "A breaking the Sabbath,

thenish superstition together. Adherents of week, aye the space between two Sabaoths. Sabbathless (sab'bath-les), a. Having no this sect, inappropriately known as ChrisSir W. Scott. Sir Walter Scott adopts this Sabbath: without intermission of labour. tians of St. John, are still scattered in small old usage no doubt for artistic reasons. "Sabbathless Satan.' Lamb.

numbers over the region lying about the Sabathian, Sabbathian (sa-bā'thi-an),n. A Sabbatia (sab-bā ti-a), n. [In honour of Sab LowerEuphrates and Tigris and other places. member of a religious sect of the seventeenth bati, an Italian botanist.) A genus of North 3. One of a sect that arose in the ninth cencentury, followers of Sabbathius Zwi, a na American plants, nat. order Gentianaceæ. tury, called also Pseudo-Sabians or Syrian tive of Smyrna, who declared himself to be

There are several species, all characterized Sabians. Their religion is described as the the Messiah, who had been sent to shake by the possession of a pure bitter principle, heathenism of the ancient Syrians, modified off the thraldom both of Christianity and on which account they are extensively used by Hellenic influences. Written also Sabeean, Mohammedanism from the Jews, and to in North America in intermittent and re Sabean. convert all humanity. Remnants of the mittent fevers, and as tonics. They are an- Sabianism (sā bi-an-izm), n. The doctrines sect are still in existence in Poland and nuals or biennials, with slender stems, op or systems of the various sects known as SaTurkey.

posite sessile entire simple leaves, and bians See SABIAN. Written also SabreanSabbatarian(sab-ba-tā’ri-an), n. [From Sab handsome cymose - panicled white or rose ism, Sabaism. bath.] 1. One who observes the seventh day purple flowers. The species most used is Sabicu (sab-i-kö), n. (Native name.] The of the week as the Sabbath, instead of the S. angularis, which grows in damp wet soils name of a tree belonging to the genus first. A sect of Baptists are called Sabba in the United States, and is common in Lysiloma, the L. Sabicu, growing in Cuba. tarians, or Seventh-day Baptists, because moist meadows among high grass.

The wood is very hard and tough, and used they maintain that the Jewish Sabbath has Sabbatic, Sabbatical (sab-bat'ik, sab-bat' for ship-building and other purposes. not been abrogated.-2. One who observes

ik -al), a. [Fr. sabbatique, L. sabbaticus. Called also Sabicu-wood, Savicu, and Sathe Sabbath with extraordinary or unrea See SABBATH.) Pertaining to the Sab vicu-wood. sonable rigour; one careful to abstain from bath; resembling the Sabbath; enjoying or Sabine (sā'bin), n. [Fr. sabine, savinier, work or relaxation on Sunday.

bringing an intermission of labour. Due from L. sabina (herba), the Sabine herb, We have myriads of examples in this kind, amongst attendance on Sabbatic duty.' Stukeley. savin.) A plant, Juniperus Sabina. Usually those rigid Sabbatarians.

Burton.

Sabbatical year, in the Jewish economy, was written Savin (which see). Sabbatarian (sab-ba-tā'ri-an), a. Of or be every seventh year, in which the Israelites Sabine (sā'bin), n. and a. One of, or pertainlonging to Sabbatarians or their tenets or were commanded to suffer their fields and ing to, an ancient people from whom the practices; pertaining to the rigid obsery vineyards to rest or lie without tillage and founders of Rome took their daughters by ance of the Sabbath.

to release debtors from their obligations. force, having invited them to some public The form in which this tendency shows itself in Sabbatism (sab'ba-tizm), n. [Gr. sabbat sports or shows with this object. When the her is by a strict observance of Sırbbatarian rule.

ismos, from sabbatizo, to keep the Sab Sabines came to revenge this act of violence Dissipation and low dresses during the week are,

bath. under her control, atoned for by three services, an

See SABBATH.] Rest; intermission the women acted as mediators between their evening sermon read by herself, and a perfect absti of labour. "That Sabbatism or rest.' Dr. fathers and husbands, and succeeded in nence from any cheering employment on a Sunday. H. More.

establishing lasting peace between them. Trollope. We almost hear Jesus call the poor beggar from

Sabbaton (sab'ba-ton), n. A round-toed The deed is known as the 'rape of the Sathe door, and bid him stand forth in the midst of the

armed covering for the foot, worn during a bine women.' assembly, and penetrate the Sabbatarian spies by part of the sixteenth century.

Sable (să'bl), n. [O.Fr. sable, from Pol. the puzzling question, 'is it lawful to do good on the Sabbire (sab'bir), n. A piece of timber; sabol, Russ. Sobol, a Slavonic word, whence sabbath day, or to do evil?' Martineau.

a beam. Sabbatarianism (sab-ba-tā'ri-an-izm), n. Sabean (sā-bē'an). See SABIAN. The tenets of Sabbatarians.

Sabeism (sā'bē-izm), n. The same as SabiSabbath (sab'bath), n. (Heb. shabbath, rest, anism. the day of rest.] 1. The day which God ap- Sabella (sa - bel'a), n. A genus of tubepointed to be observed as a day of rest from inhabiting, marine articulated annelids, beall secular labour or employments, and to be longing to the order Tubicola or Cephalokept holy and consecrated to his service and branchiata. The species are large, and their worship. This was originally the seventh day fanlike branchiæ or gills remarkable for of the week, and this day is still observed by their delicacy and brilliancy. The blood the Jews and some Christians as the Sabbath. is of an olive-green colour. S. protula is a But the Christian church very early began, large and splendid species inhabiting the and still continue, to observe the first day of Mediterranean. the week, in commemoration of the resur Sabellana (sa-bel-la'na), n. [L. sabulum, rection of Christ on that day. Hence it is gravel.] In geol. coarse sand or gravel.

Sable (Mustela sibellina). often called the Lord's-day. The heathen Sabellaria (sa-bel-lā'ri-a), n. A sub-genus nations in the north of Europe dedicated of Annelida or worms belonging to the order also Sw. Dan, and D. sabel.] 1. A digitigrade the first day of the week to the sun, and Tubicola. In this genus the tube in which carnivorous mammal, nearly allied to the hence their Christian descendants continue the animal resides is formed of grains of common marten and pine marten, the Mus. to call the day Sunday. Sabbath is not sand cemented together.

tela zibellina, found chiefly in the northern

SABLE

751

SACK

(Gr.

or

regions of Asia, and hunted for its fur. Its often applied to the calcareous matter de Sacciform (sak'si-form), a. (L. saccus, a sac length, exclusive of the tail, is about 18 inches. posited by urine.

and forma, form.] Having the general form Its fur, which is extremely lustrous, and Saburration (sab-ur-rā'shon), n. [L. 8a of a sac. hence of the very highest value, is generally burra, sand.) The application of hot sand Saccola bium (sak-o-labi-um), n. (L. sacbrown,grayish-yellow on the throat, and with inclosed in a bag or bladder to any part of cus, a bag, and labium, a lip, in allusion to small grayish-yellow spots scattered on the the body; sand-bathing.

the bagged labellum of the species.) An sides of the neck. It is heaviest during win Sac (sak), n. [A. Sax. sacu. See SAKE.) In Asiatic genus of plants, nat. order Orchidater, and owing to the mode of attachment of law, the privilege enjoyed by the lord of a ceæ, now extensively cultivated in hotthe hairs to the skin it may be pressed or manor of holding courts, trying causes, and houses. It consists of caulescent epiphytes, smoothed in any direction. The hunting of imposing fines.

with two-rowed coriaceous leaves and long the sable is attended by much difficulty and Sac (sak), n. (L. 8accus, a bag. See SACK.) crowded axillary spikes of small usually danger. This animal burrows in the earth or A bag or cyst; a pouch; a receptacle for a white purple-spotted flowers. under trees, in winter and summer subsisting liquid; as, the lacrymal sac. -Sac of the em Saccomydæ (sak-ko-mi'dē), n. pl. A family on small animals, and in autumn on berries. bryo, in bot. the vesicle of the nucleus of an of mammals comprising the pouched rats Two other species of sable are enumerated, ovule, within which the embryo is formed. and gophers of North America, which are the Japanese sable (M. melanopus) and a Sacbut (sak'but). See SACKBUT.

furnished with large external cheek-pouches. North American species (M. leucopus), which Saccade (sak-kad'), n. [Fr., from an old verb Saccomys (sakʼko-mis), n. (Gr. sakkos, a are similarly sought after and destroyed for saquer, sacher, to pull. Origin uncertain.) pouch, and mys, a mouse.) The pouched their fur.--2. The fur of

In the manege, a sudden violent check of a rat. A genus of rodent mammals of the the sable.-3. A black or

horse by drawing or twitching the reins on family Saccomydæ. The only species known mourning suit or gara sudden and with one pull.

is a native of North America. So named ment. Sables worn by

Saccate (sak'āt), a. (L. saccus, a bag. ) In from its large cheek-pouches. destiny.'. Young. --4. In

bot. furnished with or having the form of a Saccopharynx (sak’ko-far-ingkş), n. her, black, one of the colbag or pouch; as, a saccate petal.

sakko8, a sack, a pouch, and pharynx, the ours tinctures em

Saccharate (sak'ka-rāt), n. * In chem. a salt pharynx.) A genus of ee (Murænidæ). See ployed in blazonry. In of saccharic acid.

BOTTLE-FISH. engraving it is expressed

Saccharic (sak-kar'ik), a. (L saccharum, Saccosoma (sak-ko-so'ma), n. (Gr. sakkos, by perpendicular crossed

sugar.) Pertaining to or obtained from sugar a sack, and soma, a body.) A fossil genus of by horizontal lines.

Sable.

or allied substances; specially applied to Echinodermata belonging to the order CrinSable (sā'bl), a. [From

an uncrystallizable acid product (C6H1003) oidea These forms appear to have been sable, n.) of the colour of the sable; black; formed along with oxalic acid during the free and unattached crinoids allied to the dark: used chiefly in poetry. action of nitric acid on sugar.

living Comatula. They occur exclusively in Sacchariferous (sak-ka-rif'er-us), a. (L. oolitic rocks. He whose sable arms, Black as his purpose, did the night resemble. Shak.

saccharum, sugar, and fero, to produce.) Saccular (sak'kū-lér), a. Like a sac; sac

Producing sugar; as, sacchariferous canes. ciform. Sable (sā'bl), v.t. pret. & pp. sabled; ppr. Saccharify (sak-kar'i-fi), v.t. pret. & pp.

Sacculated (sak'kū-lāt-ed), a. Furnished sabling. To make sable or dark in colour; saccharified; ppr. saccharifying. (Fr.saccha

with little sacs. to darken; to make black, sad, or dismal. rifier, from L. saccharum, sugar, and facio,

Saccule (sak'ül), n. (L. sacculus, dim. of * And sabled all in black the shady sky.' to make.) To convert into sugar.

saccus, a bag.) A little sac or sack; a cyst; G. Fletcher.

Saccharilla (sak-ka-ril'la), n.

A kind of à cell. Sable-mouse (sā'bl-mous), n. A name ap muslin. Simmonds.

Sacculina (sak-ü-li'na), n. A genus of lower plied to the lemming. Sable-stoled (så'bl-stöld), a. Wearing a

Saccharimeter (sak-ka-rim'et-ér), n. Same crustaceans possessing a body shaped like a as Saccharometer.

sausage, and found attached as a parasite sable stole or vestment. The sable-stoled Saccharimetry (sak-ka-rim'et-ri), n. The

to the bodies of crabs. The young is a freesorcerers bear his worshipped ark.' Milton.

operation or art of ascertaining the amount swimming creature known as a NaupliusSable-vested (så - bl-vest'ed), a. Clothed or proportion of sugar in solution in any

form (which see). in sables; covered with darkness. Sable

liquid. Written also Saccharometry. Sacellum (sa-sel'um), n. (L., dim. from vested Night.' Milton.

Saccharine (sak’ka-rin), a. (L. saccharum, sacrum, a sacred place.) 1. In anc. Rom. Sabliere (sa-ble-ar), n. (Fr., from sable, L. sugar, from Gr. sakchar, sakcharon, sugar, a

arch. a small inclosed space without a roof, sabulum, sand.) 1. A sand-pit. (Rare.] – word of oriental origin. See SUGAR ) Per consecrated to some deity, containing an 2. In carp. same as Raising-piece.

taining to sugar; having the qualities of altar, and sometimes also a statue of the Sabot (så - bo), n. (Fr. Origin unknown.] sugar; as, a saccharine taste; the saccharine god to whom it was dedicated.--2. In medi1. A wooden shoe, made of one piece hcl. matter of the cane juice. - Saccharine fer eval arch. the term signifies a monumental lowed out by boring

mentation, the fermentation by which starch chapel within a church; also, a small chapel tools and scrapers, and is converted into sugar, as in the process of

in a village. worn by the peasantry malting

Sacerdotal (sas-er-dö'tal), a. (L. sacerdoin France, Belgium,

Saccharite (sak’ka-rīt), n. (L. saccharum, talis, from sacerdos, a priest. See SACRED.) &c. -2. A thick, cirsugar.) A finely-grained variety of felspar,

Pertaining to priests or the priesthood; cular, wooden disk to

of a vitreous lustre, and white or greenish priestly; as, sacerdotal dignity; sacerdotal which a projectile is white colour.

functions or garments; sacerdotal character. attached to

Saccharize (sak’kar-iz), v. t. pret. & pp. sac * The ascendency of the sacerdotal order.' maintain its proper

charized; ppr. saccharizing. To form or Macaulay. position in the bore of convert into sugar.

Sacerdotalism (sas-er-do'tal-izm), n. Saa gun; also, a metallic

Sabot.

Saccharoid, Saccharoidal (sak 'kar-oid, cerdotal system or spirit; the character or cup or disc fixed to the sakskar-oid-al), a. (L. saccharum, sugar,

spirit of the priesthood; a tendency to attribottom of an elongated projectile so as to and Gr. eidos, form.) Having a texture re

bute a lofty and sacred character to the fill the bore and take the rifling when the

sembling that of loaf-sugar; as, saccharoid priesthood; priestcraft. gun is discharged. carbonate of lime, &c.

As there were three degrees of attainment, light, Sabotière (sä-bo-tē-år), n. (Fr. sabotière, Saccharometer (sak-ka-rom'et-er), n. (L. purity, knowledge (or the divine vision), so there sarbotière, an ice-pail, corruptions of sorsaccharum, sugar, and Gr, metron, a mea

were three orders of the earthly hierarchy, bishops, betière, from sorbet, sherbet, an ice.) A

priests, and deacons; three sacraments, baptism, sure.) An instrument for determining the the cucharist, the holy chrism; three classes, the machine for making ices. It consists of two

quantity of saccharine matterin any solution. baptized, the communicants, the monks. How subprincipal parts, an outer pail, and an inner One form is simply a hydrometer for taking

lime, how exalting, how welcome to the sacerdotal. vessel-the sabotière proper-of smaller size.

Milman. the specific gravity of the solution; another

ism of the West this lofty doctrine! A freezing-mixture--generally of ice and salt

is a kind of polariscope, so arranged that the Sacerdotally (sas-er-do'tal-li), adv. In a --is turned into the outer pail, while the solution may be interposed between the

sacerdotal manner. creams to be iced are placed in the inner

polarizer and analyser, and by observing the Sachel (sach'el), n. Same as Satchel. vessel, which is then rotated in the outer

angle through which the plane of polariza- Sachelle, n. (See SATCHEL.) A small sack pail amid the freezing-mixture until the

tion is turned in passing through the solu or bag. Chaucer. cream is sufficiently frozen. tion the datum is given for the calculation

Sachem (sá'chem), n. In America, a chief Sabre (sā' bėr), n. (Fr. sabre, from the of the strength.

among some of the native Indian tribes; a Teutonic (D. Dan. and Sw. sabel, G. säbel). Saccharometry (sak-ka-rom'et-ri). Same sagamore.

See SAGAMORE. The Teutonic forms themselves, however, as Saccharimetry.

But their sachem, the brave Wattawamat, are also foreign, perhaps Hungarian.) A Saccharum (sak’ka-rum), n. [L., sugar. See

Fled not; he was dead.

Longfellotu. sword with a broad and heavy blade, thick

SACCHARINE.) A genus of grasses, of the Sachemdom (sa'chem-dum), n. The gov. at the back, and a little curved towards the

tribe Andropogoneæ. The species are widely ernment or jurisdiction of a sachem. point, specially adapted for cutting; a cav distributed through the tropical parts of Sachemship (sā'chem-ship), n. The office alry sword.

the world, and are distinguished by their or position of a sachem. Sabre (sa'ber), v.t. pret. & pp. sabred: ppr. highly ornamental nature and by the light Sachet (så-shā), n. [Fr.) A small bag for sabring. To strike, cut, or kill with a

and feathery or rather silk - like inflores containing odorous substances; a scentsabre.

cence. S. officinarum, or sugar-cane, the bag; a perfume cushion. Flash'd all their sabres bare,

best known species, is a native of India, is Sacheverel (sa-chev'èr-el), n. (After Dr. Flash'd as they turn'd in air,

cultivated in all parts of that country, and Sacheverel.) An iron door or blower to the Sabring the gunners there. Tennyson.

several varieties are known. It was intro. month of a stove. Halliwell. Sabretache, Sabretasche (sā'bėr-täsh), n. duced into the south of Europe, and found Sack (sak), n. [A. Sax, sacc, sccc, Dan. sük, (Sabre, and G. tasche, a pocket; sabel-tasche, its way in the fifteenth and sixteenth cen Icel, sekkr, D. zak, G, sack, Goth, xakkus. It sabretache.) A leather case or outside turies into all the European colonies within may have been borrowed into the Teutonic pocket worn by cavalry at the left side, sus the tropics. It is a perennial, with a creep languages from the Latin or Greek (L. 8accus, pended from the sword-belt.

ing root, sending up a number of culms or Gr. sakkos, the former giving Fr. sac, Sp. saco, Sabulosity (sab-ū-los'i-ti), n. (From sabu stems which have many joints, and are of It. sacco).

It also occu's in the Celtic and loils.] The quality of being sabulous; sandi various colours. See SUGAR.

Slavonic languages. Perhaps ultimately of ness; grittiness.

Sacciferous (sak-sif'er-us), a. (L. saccus, a Eastern origin, similar forms being also Sabulous (sab'u-lus), a. (L. sabulosus, from sac, and fero, to bear.) In bot. bearing a found in Hebrew and Coptic.] 1. A bag, sabulum, sand.) Sandy; gritty. A term

usually a large cloth bag, used for holding

SO

as

sac.

SACK

752

SACRED

and conveying corn, small wares, wool, cot glitter when he would have us sackcloth'd and tion, holy orders, and matrimony, Protest

Ayliffe, ton, hops, and the like. - Sack and fork. squalid; he hates it to the death.

ants in general acknowledge but two sacraSame as Pit and Gallows. See under PIT.

Sack-doudle (sak-do'dl), v.i. [G. dudel-sack, ments, baptism and the Lord's supper. The 2. A measure or weight which varies accord a bagpipe, dudeln, to play on the bagpipe.] former is called a sacrament, for by it pering to the article and country; e.g., in To play on the bagpipe. Sir W. Scott. sons are separated from the world, brought dry measure, 5 bushels ; coal, 3 heaped Sacker (sak'ér), n. One who sacks; one who into Christ's visible church, and laid under bushels; in coal weight, 112 lbs.; wool, 2 takes a town or plunders it.

particular obligations to obey his precepts. weys, or 13 tods or 364 lbs. (in Scotland, 24 Sacker (sak'ér), n. (More properly written The latter is also a sacrament, for by comstone of 16 lbs. each, or 384 lbs.); corn or flour saker or sacre, not being derived from verb memorating the death and dying love of weight, 280 lbs., but foreign sacks of flour

to sack.) A small piece of artillery used in Christ, Christians avow their special relation are very irregular in size, varying from 140 the sixteenth century; a saker.

to him, and renew their obligations to be to 200 lbs. - To give the sack to, to dismiss

The walls were scaffolded for the use of firearms,

faithful to their divine Master. When we one from employment; to send off bag and and one or two of the small guns, called sackers and use sacrament without any qualifying word baggage; to pack off. [Slang.)

falcons, were mounted at the angles and flanking we mean by it the eucharist or Lord's supper. turrets.

Sir W. Scott. My master come by and saw me drinking, and

3. A sacred token or pledge; the pledge of gave me the sack,

Mayhew. Sackful (sak'ful), n. As much as a sack will a covenant. --To get the sack, to be dismissed from em hold. Swift.

God sometimes sent a light of fire, and pillar of a ployment. (Slang.)

Sackful (sak'ful), a. Bent on sacking or cloud, ... and the sacrament of a rainbow, to guide Master has threatened to discharge him, and he plundering; seizing; ravaging. "The sack

his people through their portion of sorrows.

Fer. Taylor will get the sack. Mayhew. ful troops.' Chapman. (Rare.).

Sacramentt (sak'ra-ment), v. t. To bind by Sack (sak), v.t. 1. To put in a sack or in Sacking (sak'ing), n. A coarse hempen or an oath. When desperate men have sacrabags. — 2. To dismiss from office or employ.

flaxen fabric of which sacks, bags, &c., are mented themselves. Abp. Laud. ment; to give the sack to. He'll be sacked.' made.

Sacramental (sak-ra-ment'al), a. 1. ConstiMacmillan's Mag. [Slang.) Sackless (sak'les), a. (A Scotch word; A. Sax.

tuting a sacrament or pertaining to it; havSack (sak), n. (Written also sacque, and sacleus, from sacu, contention, and leús, less. ]

ing the character of a sacrament; as, sacraprobably the same word as above.) í. A kind 1. Quiet; peaceable; not quarrelsome; harm

mental rites or elements.-2. Bound by a of loose cloak or mantle anciently worn.less; innocent. — 2. Simple; useless; silly.

sacrament or oath. 2. A gown or mantle with loose plaits on Blackwood's Mag.

And trains, the back; a sacque (which see).-3. A loose Sack-posset (sak-pos'set), n. A posset made By every rule of discipline, to glorious war overcoat worn by men.

of sack, milk, and some other ingredients. The sacramental host of God's elect. Couper. Sack (sak), v.t. (Fr. sac, Sp. and Pg. saco, Sack-tree (sak'trē), n. The Antiaris or Le Sacramental (sak - ra-ment'al), 12. That It. sacco, plunder, pillage; Fr. saccager, to purandra saccidora, the bark of which is which relates to a sacrament. plunder; 0.Fr. sacquement, the sacking or formed into natural sacks in India, and

These words, cup and testarnent, be sacraplundering of a town; from the use of a sack used for carrying rice. They are made by mentals.

Bp. Merton, in removing plunder.) To storm and de beating the cloth-like bark, and peeling it Sacramentally (sak - ra-ment'al-li), ade. stroy; to plunder or pillage; to devastate: off from the felled branches, leaving a small After the manner of a sacrament. usually said of a town or city.

portion of wood to form the bottom of the Sacramentarian (sak'ra-men-tā"ri-an), a. The Romans lay under the apprehension of seeing sacks.

1. Sacramentary; pertaining to a sacrament their city sacked by a barbarous enemy. Addison. Sacque (sak), n. (A form of sack, Fr. sac,

or sacraments. - 2. Pertaining to sacramenSack (sak), n. 1. The act of one who sacks; a bag. See SACK, a mantle. ) A kind of

tarians. the storm and plunder of a town or city;

Sacramentarian (sak'ra-men-tā"ri-an), 11. devastation; as, the sack of Troy.—2. That

One that differs from the Roman Catholic which is obtained by sacking or plundering;

Church and the Lutherans in regard to the booty; spoil.

sacraments: a word applied by Roman CathEverywhere

olics to Protestants, and by the followers of He found the sack and plunder of our house

Luther in the sixteenth century to the folAll scatter'd thro' the houses of the town. Tennyson.

lowers of Zwingle. Sack (sak), n. [Fr. sec, dry, from L. siccus,

Sacramentary (sak-ra-ment'a-ri), 12. 1. An dry.) Formerly, a general name for the dif

ancient book of the Roman Catholic Church, ferent sorts of dry wines, more especially

written by Pope Gelasius, and revised, corthe Spanish, which were first extensively

rected, and abridged by St. Gregory, in used in England in the sixteenth century.

which were contained all the prayers and Please you, drink a cup of sack.' Shak.

ceremonies practised in the celebration of Sherris sack, the same as Sherry. Shak.

the sacraments. – 2. A sacramentarian: a Thy isles shall lack

term of reproach applied by Roman CathoGrapes, before Herrick leaves Canary sack.

lics to Protestants. Herrick. Sackage (saksāj), n. The act of taking by

So ye be no papist, ye may be a sacramentary, an anabaptist, or a Lutheran.

Stapkion. storm and pillaging; sack. Roscoe.

Sacramentary (sak-ra-ment'a-ri), a. 1. PerSack-barrow (sak'bar-7), n. A kind of bar

taining to a sacrament or to sacraments row much used

2. Pertaining to sacramentarians and to their for moving sacks

controversy respecting the eucharist. in granaries or barn floors from

Sacramentizef (sak’ra-ment-iz), ui. To

administer the sacraments. 'Born to preach one point to

and sacramentize.' Fuller. another, and for

Sacrarium (sa-krā'ri-um), n. [L., from sacer, loading goods in

sacred.] 1. A sort of family chapel in the ships.

houses of the Romans, devoted to some parSackbut (sak'

Lady wearing a Sacque (time, 1770). but), n.

ticular divinity.-2. The adytum of a temple (Formerly

3 That part of a church where the altar is sagbut loose gown or upper robe worn by ladies

situated. (Drayton); Fr.

in the seventeenth and eighteenth centusaquebute, Sp.

ries, introduced from France in the reign Sacratet (sāʻkrāt or sak'rāt), v.a. pret. & pp. sacabuche, of Charles II. It hung loosely over the

sacrated; ppr. sacrating. [L. sacro, sacratum, back and shoulders; and there appear to

from sacer, sacred.) To consecrate. • The sackbut or kind have been various forms of it.

marble of some monument sacrated to learn. of trumpet; it has acquired its

and of March, 1668-9:-My wife this day put on first

ing.' Waterhouse. second meaning

her French gown called a sac, which

becomes her Sacrationt (sa-krā'shon), n. Consecration

Pepys. from somewhat

Why then should it not as well from this be An old-fashioned gown, which I think ladies call a avoided, as from the other find a sacration ! resembling in sacque, that is, a sort of robe, completely loose in the

Feitkam. form Heb. sab

body, but gathered into broad plaits upon the neck Sacre (sa'kér). See SAKER. beca, and being and shoulders, which fall down to the ground, and

Sacret (så kér), v.t. (Fr. sacrer.] To hallow: used to translate

Sack-barrow,
terminate in a species of train. Sir W. Scott.

to dedicate; to devote to; to set apart for it.] 1. A musical

Sacral (sā'kral), a. Of or belonging to the the honour, service, or worship of. Sacring instrument of the trumpet kind, so con sacrum; as, sacral arteries, sacral extremi my song to every deity.' Chapman. trived that it can be lengthened or shortened ties, sacral nerves, &c.

Sacret (sākér), n. A sacred solemnity or according to the tone required, like the Sacrament (sak'ra-ment), n. [L. sacramen service. Chaucer. trombone. Written also Sagbut.

tum, a military oath of allegiance, an oath, Sacred (sāʻkred), a. [Pp. of old sacre, to set The trumpets, sackouts, psalteries, and fife from sacer, sacred.] 1. The military oath apart, to consecrate; Fr. sacré, from L. sacer, Make the sun dance.

Shak. taken by every Roman soldier, by which he sacred, from root seen also in sanus, sane, and 2. In Scrip. a musical stringed instrument swore to obey his commander, and not desert Gr. saos, safe.] 1. Set apart by solemn reli. mentioned in Dan. iii., supposed by some

his standard; hence, an oath or a ceremony gious ceremony; dedicated or appropriated to be identical with the sambyka of the producing an obligation. 'Here I begin the to religious use; made holy; consecrated; Greeks, perhaps a kind of guitar. Nothing sacrament to all.' B. Jonson. -2. In theol. an not profane or common; as, a sacred place; certain is known of it.

outward and visible sign of inward and spiri a sacred day; sacred service; sacred orders Sackcloth (sak'kloth), n. Cloth of which tual grace; or more particularly, a solemn re His temple, and his holy ark, with all his sacks are made; coarse flax or hempen cloth; ligious ceremony enjoined by Christ, the head sacred things.' Milton.-2. Relating to reoften a coarse cloth or garment worn in of the Christian church, to be observed by ligion or the services of religion; not secumourning, distress, or mortification.

his followers, by which their special relation lar; religious; as, sacred history; sacred Gird you with sackcloth and mourn before Abner. to him is created, or their obligations to him music. 'Smit with the love of sacred song.'

2 Sam. iii. 31. renewed and ratified. In the R. Cath. Ch. Milton.—3. Consecrated; dedicated; devoted: Sackclothed (sak klotht), a. Clothed in and the Greek Ch. it is held that there are with to. 'A temple sacred to the queen of sackcloth; mourning; mortified.

seven sacraments, viz. baptism, confirma love.' Dryden. - 4. Entitled to the highest To be jovial when God calls to mourning ... to tion, the eucharist, penance, extreme unc respect or reverence; venerable.

[graphic]

very well.

SACREDLY

753

SADDLE

mass.

Poet and saint, to thee alone were given

by the slaughter and burning of victims, or The two most sacred names of earth and heaven.

of some part of them, on an altar.

Cowley. 5. Not to be profaned, violated, or made

Sacrificer (sak'ri-fis-ér), n. One that sacri.

fices or immolates. common; inviolable; inviolate; as, to keep one's confidence sacred.

Let us be sacrificers, but not butchers. Shak. Secrets of marriage still are sacred held. Dryden.

Sacrificial (sak-ri-fish'al), a. Pertaining to

or concerned with sacrifice; performing sac6. Devoted or dedicated, in a bad sense ;

rifices; consisting in sacrifice; as, a sacriaccursed; baleful. • To destruction sacred

ficial knife. "Sacrificial rites.' Jer. Taylor. and devote. Milton. Sacred thirst of Sacrilege (sak’ri-lej), n. (Fr. sacril ge, from gold.' Dryden. (A Latinism.) - Sacred

L. sacrilegium - sacer, sacred, and lego, to bean, the nut of Nelumbium speciosum, or

gather, to pick up, to steal or carry off.] 1. The sacred lotus. See NELUMBIUM, -- Sacred

violation or profaning of sacred things. college, the college of cardinals at Rome.

Then gan a cursed hand the quiet womb Sacred Majesty, a title once applied to the

Of his great-grandınother with steel to wound, kings of England. - Sacred place, in civil And the hid treasures in her sacred tomb law, the place where a person is buried. - With sacrilege to dig.

Spenser. SYN. Holy, divine, hallowed, consecrated, 2. In a more specific sense, (a) the alienating dedicated, devoted, religious, venerable, to laymen or to common purposes what has reverend; inviolable; inviolate.

been appropriated or consecrated to reliSacredly (sā’kred-li), adv. In a sacred man. gious persons or uses. (6) The felonious ner; (a) with due reverence; religiously; as, taking of any goods out of any church or to observe the Sabbath sacredly; the day is chapel. Sacrilege, by common law, was sacredly kept. (6) Inviolably; strictly; as, formerly a capital offence, but it is now put to observe one's word sacredly; a secret to by statute on a footing with burglary and be sacredly kept.

housebreaking Sacredness (sa'kred-nes), n. 1. The state Sacrilegious (sak-ri-lė'jus), a. (L. sacriof being sacred or consecrated to God, to legus. See SACRILEGE. į Violating sacred his worship, or to religious uses; holiness; things; guilty of sacrilege; involving sacrisanctity; as, the sacredness of the sanctu lege; profane; impious. ary or its worship; the sacredness of the

Still green with bays each ancient altar stands, Sabbath.-2. Inviolableness; as, the sacred Above the reach of sacrilegious hands.

Pope. ness of marriage vows or of a trust. The Sacrilegiously (sak-ri-lē'jus-li), adv. In peculiar sacredness which the English attach

a sacrilegious manner; with sacrilege; in to all freehold property.' Hallam.

violation of sacred things. 'Sacrilegiously Sacrific, Sacrifical (sa-krif'ik, sa-krif'ik-al),

pillaging and invading God's house.' South. a. [L. sacrificus. See SACRIFICE.) Em

Sacrilegiousness (sak-ri- lē'jus-nes), n. ployed in sacrifice. Johnson.

The quality of being sacrilegious. Sacrificable+ (sa-krif'ik-a-bl), a. Capable Sacrilegist (sak’ri-lej-ist), n. One guilty of of being offered in sacrifice. Sir T. Browne.

sacrilege. Spelman. Sacrificant (sa-krif'ik-ant), n. (L. sacrific. Sacring (sā’kring), n.

Consecration, ans, sacrificantis, ppr. of sacrifico. See

At the sacring of the mass, I saw
SACRIFICE) One that offers a sacrifice.

The Holy Elements alone. Tennyson,
Hallyncell
Sacrification + (sakʼri-ft-kā"shon), n. Sacri- Sacring-bell, Sanctus-bell (sā'kring-bel,

sangk'tus-bel), n. In the R. Cath. Ch.the small fice. Dr. A. Geddes.

bell that rung at the sanctus and at the ele. Sacrificator (sak'ri-fi-kāt-ér), n. A sacri

vation of the host during the service of high ficer; one that offers a sacrifice. Sir T.

It was formerly usually placed on Brourne

the gable at the east end of the nave, in a Sacrificatory (sa-krif'ik-āt-o-ri), a. Offering

small sort of turret, or in a lantern or tower. sacrifice. Sherwood.

A small bell carried in the hand is now Sacrifice (sak’ri-fīs), n. (Fr., from L. sacri

used. ficium, from sucer, sacred, and facio, to make.] 1. The offering of anything to God,

I'll startle you worse than the sacring-bell. Shak. or to a god; consecratory rite. Great pomp, Sacrist (sā'krist), n. (L.L. sacrista, from and sacrifice, and praises loud to Dagon. L. sacer, sacred.) 1. A sacristan. Milton.-2. Anything consecrated and offered A satrist or treasurer are not dignitaries in the to God or to a divinity; an immolated victim, church of common right, but only by custom. Ayliffe. or an offering of any other kind laid on an 2. A person retained in a cathedral to copy altar, or otherwise presented in the way of out music for the choir and take care of the religious thanksgiving, atonement, or con books. ciliation Moloch, horrid king, besmeared Sacristan (sak’ris-tan), n. (L.L. sacris with blood of human sacrifice.' Milton. tanus, from sacrista, a sacrist. Sexton is My life if thou preserv'st, my life

a contr. of this word. ) An officer of the Thy sacrifice shall be.

Addison. church who has the charge of the sacristy

and all its contents. 3. Destruction, surrender, or loss made or

Still at dawn the sacristan, incurred for gaining something else; the

Who duly pulls the heavy bell, devotion or giving up of some desirable ob

Five and forty beads must tell. Coleridge. ject in behalf of a higher object, or to a claim considered more pressing; hence, the Sacristy (sak'ris-ti), n. (Fr. sacristie, L.L. thing so devoted or given up.

sacristia. See SACRIST.) An apartment in

a church where the sacred utensils are kept He made a sacrifice of his friendship to his interest.

Fokuson.

and the vestments in which the clergyman 4. The selling or disposal of goods at a

officiates are deposited; the vestry. value under cost price.

Sacro- (sā'kró). In anat. the first element in Its patterns were last year's, and going at a sacrifice.

sundry compounds denoting parts connected Dickens

with the os sacrum; as, sacro-iliac symphysis, Mr. J. had determined .. to dispose of the stock sacro-spinal ligament, sacro-vertebral angle. in hand at a tremendous sacrifice. Kingsley. -Sacro-lumbalis, a muscle arising from the Sacrifice (sak'ri-lis), v.t. pret. & pp. sacri

sacrum, &c., and inserted into the angles

of the six lower ribs. ficed; ppr. sacrificing. (From the noun.) 1. To make an offering or sacrifice of; to

Sacrosanct (sak'ro - sangkt), a. [Translaconsecrate or present by way of expiation

tion of L. sacrosanctus-sacer, sacred, and

The or propitiation, or as a token of acknow

sanctus, holy.) Sacred; inviolable. ledgment or thanksgiving to some divinity;

tribune armed with his sacrosanct and into immolate on the altar of God, either as

violable authority.' Holland. an atonement for sin, to procure favour, or

Sacrum, Os Sacrum (så'krum, os sā'krum), to express gratitude. From the herd or

il. (L., the sacred bone.) In anat. the bone flock oft sacrificing bullock, lamb, or kid.'

which forms the basis or inferior extremity Milton. Hence -- 2. To destroy, surrender,

of the vertebral column. Its shape has someor suffer to be lost for the sake of obtaining

times been compared to an irregular triangle. something; to give up in favour of a higher

The human sacrum consists of five united or more imperative duty or claim.

vertebræ, and from its solidity it is well 'Tis a sad contemplation that we should sacrifice

adapted to serve as the keystone of the pelvic the peace of the church to a little vain curiosity.

arch, being wedged in between the haunch

Dr. H. More. bones behind. It is said to derive its name Love sacrifices all things to bless the thing it loves. from its having been offered in sacrifice, and

Lord Lytton.

hence considered sacred, or from the fact that 3. To devote with loss or suffering.

the Jewish rabbins held that this part of Condemn'd to sacrifice his childish years

the skeleton resisted decay, and became the To babbling ignorance and to empty fears. Prior.

germ from which the body would be raised. 4. To destroy: to kill.

Sacti, Sakti (sak'ti), n. (Skr. sakti, power, Sacrifice (sak'ri-sis), v.i. To offer up a sac energy.) In Hind. myth, the female power rifice, to make offerings to God or to a deity of the universe, and spouse of Siva.

Sad (sad), a. [A. Sax. sæd, satisfied, sated,
weary, sick; Icel. saddr, older form sathr,
sated, full; hence such early meanings in
English and Scotch as heavy, weighed down,
compact, firm, solid. (In Scotland a road is
sad when, after having been saturated with
moisture, it becomes sufficiently dry and
firm again.) The word would therefore be
the same as Goth. saths, satiated, full; cog.
with L. satur, full, satis, enough. W. sad,
firm, discreet, sober, is by some considered
the origin, but it seems an isolated word in
Celtic, and may itself be borrowed from
English.) 1.+ Heavy; weighty; ponderous.
His hand more sad than lump of lead.'
Spenser. -2. Standing fast or firm; not to
be moved thus the 'rock' of Luke vi. 48 on
which the house was founded is by Wicliffe
called a sad stoon.'-3. Close; firm; cohe-
sive; not porous, springy,or spongy: opposed
to light or friable.
Chalky lands are naturally cold and sad, Mortimer
4. Serious; sedate; grave; not gay, light, or
volatile. 'Lady Catherine, a sad and reli-
gious woman.' Васот. .
My father and the gentlemen are in sad talk. Shak.
5. Sorrowful; melancholy; mournful; affected
with grief; cast down with affliction. Sad
for their loss, but joyful of our life.' Pope.
Th' angelic guards ascended, mute and sad. Milton,
6. Downcast; gloomy; having the external
appearance of sorrow; as, a xud countenance.
7. Afflictive; calamitous; causing sorrow;
as, a sad accident; a sad misfortune.
8. Bad; vexatious; naughty; wicked; as,
a sad husband; a sad fellow.-9. Dark col.
oured.

Woad or wode is used by the dyers to lay the foundation of all sad colours.

Mortimer. SYN. Sorrowful, mournful, gloomy, dejected, depressed, cheerless, downcast, sedate, serious, grave, grievous, afflictive, calamitous. Sadi (sad), v.č. To sadden; to make sorrowful.

How it sadded the minister's spirits. H. Peters. Sadda (sad'da), n. (Per. sad-dar, the hundred entrances or gates-sad (Skr. çata), a hundred, and dar, a door, a gate.] A work in the modern Persian tongue, being a summary of the Zendavesta or sacred books. Sadden (sad'n), v.t. 1. To make heavy, firm, or cohesive.

Marl is binding, and saddening of land is the great prejudice it doth to clay lands.

Mortimer. 2. To make sad or sorrowful; to make melancholy or gloomy. Her gloomy presence saddens all the scene. Pope. 3. To make dark coloured. – 4. In dyeing and calico-printing, to apply mordants to so as to tone down the colours employed or cause them to produce duller shades than those they ordinarily impart. Sadden (sad'n), v.i. To become sad or sor

rowful; as, he saddened at the sight. 'Saddens at the long delay.' Thomson. Sadder (sad'ér), n. Same as Sadda. Saddle (sadl), n. (A. Sax, sadel, sadol, Dan. saddel, Icel. söthul, G. sattel, a saddle. Borrowed from L. sedile, a seat, from sedeo, to sit. Same root as seat, set, sit.] 1. (a) A seat to be placed on an animal's back for the rider to sit on, as the common riding or hunting saddle, or a lady's side-saddle, for a horse, a camel saddle, an ox saddle, &c. (b) A padded piece of leather placed on the back of a horse, to which the check-rein and the lugs supporting the shafts of a vehicle are attached; as, a cart saddle, a gig or carriage saddle, &c. -- 2. Something like a saddle in shape or use: (a) a rise and fall on the ridge of a hill.

It is a pretty high island, and very remarkable by reason of two sadales or risings and fallings on the top.

Dampier. (6) Vaut. a cleat or block of wood nailed on the lower yard-arms to retain the studdingsail booms in their place; also, the block on the upper side of the bowsprit to receive the heel of the jib-boom. (c) In mach. a block with a hollowing top to sustain a round object, as a rod upon a bench or bed. (d) In bridges, a block on the top of a pier over which suspension cables pass or to which they are attached. (e) In rail. the bearing in the axle-box of a carriage; also, a chair or seat for the rails. (f) In building, a thin board of wood placed on the floor in the opening of a doorway, the width of the jambs. - Saddle of mutton, tenison, &c., two loins of mutton, &c., cut together. To put the saddle on the right horse, to impute blame where it is really deserved. Colloq.]

[blocks in formation]

w, wig; wh, whig; zh, azure.—See ked,.

SADDLE

754

SAFETY-LAMP

Saddle (sad'l), v.t. pret. & pp. saddled; ppr. Sadly (sad'li), adv. 1. In a sad manner: (a) A trumpet was sent to the Earl of Essex for a safesaduling. 1. To put a saddle on. sorrowfully; mournfully; miserably; griev.

guard or pass to two lords, to deliver a messige

from the king to the two houses, Clarendon, And Abraham rose up early in the morning and

ously. saddled his ass.

Gen. xxii. 3.
He sadly suffers in their grief.

4. An outer petticoat to save women's Dryder.

clothes on horseback. Beau. & Fl. (6) In a manner to cause sadness; badly: safeguard (sāf'gard), v.t. To guard; to pro2. To load; to fix, as a burden, on; as, to be saddled with the expense of bridges and afflictively; calamitously; as, it turned out

tect. highways. sadly. (c) In a dark colour; darkly.

To safeguard thine own life. A gloomy obscure place, and in it only one light, The best way is to venge my Gloster's death. Shat. The event which then occurred was of a nature to

which the genius of the house held, sadly attired, saddle the responsibility not merely on one or another

The act of B. Jonson.

Safe-keeping (såfkēp-ing), n. minister or government but upon the whole body of 2. + Seriously; soberly; gravely.

keeping or preserving in safety from injury Gladstone. the House of Commons.

or from escape; secure guardianship; as, I

To tell thee sadly, shepherd, without blame
Saddle-back (sad'l-bak), n. 1. A name given

Milton.
Or our neglect, we lost her as we came.

shall leave it in your safe-keeping. to a hill or its summit when somewhat

In a safe manner: (a) 3. Steadily.

Safely (sáf'li), adv. saddle-shaped. ---2. In geol. a familiar name

without incurring danger or hazard of evil

This messenger drank sadly ale and wine, for anticlinal strata. The sloping sides are And stolen were his letters privily. Chaucer.

consequences. called wings.-3. A name given by tishermen

All keep aloof, and safely shout around. Dryder, Sadness (sad'nes), n. 1. The state or quality to a bastard kind of oysters, unfit for food. of being sad; sorrowfulness; mournfulness;

() Without hurt or injury; in safety. That Saddle-backed (sad'l-bakt), a. Having a

Shak. dejection of mind; as, grief and sadness at my ships are safely come to road.' low back and an elevated neck and head, as the memory of sin.

The remnant of his days he safely past. Prior. a horse. --Saddle-backed coping, in arch. a

If the subject be mournful, let everything in it have coping thicker in the middle than at the

(c) In close custody; securely; carefully. a stroke of sadness.

Dryden. edges so that it delivers each way the water

Till then I'll keep him dark and safely locked..

Skad, that falls upon it.

2. A melancholy look; gloom of countenance.
Dim sadness did not spare

Safeness (sāf'nes), n. The condition or Saddle-bag (sad'1-bag), n. One of a pair of

Celestial vis ges.

Milton. quality of being safe; the state of being sa bags, usually of leather, united by straps for carriage on horseback, one bag on each 3. The state of being serious or in earnest;

or of conferring safety; freedom from danside. seriousness; sedate gravity.

ger; as, the safeness of an experiment; the Saddle-bar (sad’l-bär), n. 1. The side-bar, Tell me, in sadness, who she is you love. Shak.

safeness of a bridge or of a boat.

Safe-pledge (sāf'plej), n. In law, a surety side-plate, or spring-bar of a saddle-tree. 4. Steadiness. Chaucer.

appointed for one's appearance at a day 2. One of the small iron bars to which the

Sadr (sad'r), n. The name given by the assigned. lead panels of a glazed window are tied. Arabs of Barbary to the lote-bush (Zizyphus Safety (sāf'ti), n. 1. The state or quality of Saddle-bow (sad'l-10), n. The upper front

Lotus), whose berries they use as food. part of a saddle, formed of two curved pieces Safe (sāf), a. (0.E. sauf, from Fr. sauf, safe,

being safe or uninjured; exemption from

hurt, injury, or loss; as, to escape dangers united so as to form an arch; a pommel. from L. salvus, safe; akin to Gr. holos, Skr. in safety. Hath passed in safely through “A pole-axe at his saddle-bow.' Dryden. sarva, whole, entire.) 1 Free from or not

the narrow seas. Shak. - 2. The state of Saddle-cloth (sad'l-kloth), n. A cloth at

liable to danger of any kind; as, safe from not being liable to danger or injury: a state tached to a saddle, and extending over the enemies; safe from disease; safe from storms; or condition out of harm's way, freedom loins of the horse; a housing.

safe from the malice of foes.-2. Free from from danger; preservation; as, here you Saddle-gall (sad'l.gal), n. A sore upon a or having escaped hurt, injury, or damage; horse's back made by the saddle.

are in perfect safety; you may do it with all as, to walk safe over red-hot ploughshares;

safety; to run to a cave for safety; to proSaddle-girth (sad'l-gérth), n. The band or

to bring goods safe to land.-3. Not accom vide for one's own safety. strap which passes under the horse's belly panied with or likely to cause injury or

Would I were in an ale-house in London! I would and serves to fasten the saddle.

danger; not exposing to danger; securing give all my fame for a pot of ale and safety. Sia. Saddle-graft (sad'ı-graft), v.t. To ingraft

from harm; as, a safe guide; a safe harbour; by forming the stock like a wedge and fitting

Sometimes used in plural.
a safe bridge; it is not safe to go there. 'In
the end of the scion over it like a saddle:
what safe place you have bestowed my

Let not my jealousies be your dishonours,
But mine own safeties.

Shat. the reverse of to cleft-graft (which see).

money."

Shak. Saddle-horse (sad'l-hors), n. A horse used

'Tis politic and safe to let him keep

3. The state or quality of not causing danfor riding with a saddle.

At point a hundred knights. Shak. ger; safeness; the quality of making safe or Saddle-joint (sad'l-joint), n. A form of 4. No longer dangerous; placed beyond the

secure, or of inspiring confidence, justifying joint for sheet metal, one portion of which

trust, ensuring against harm, loss, or the overlaps and straddles the vertical edge of

power of doing harm.
Banquo's safe.

like; as, the safety of an electric experiment. the next.

-Aye, my good lord, safe in a ditch. Shak. Would there were any safety in thy sex. Saddler (sad'ler), n. One whose occupa

That I might put a thousand sorrows off, 5. Sound; whole; good. 'A trade that I tion is to make saddles.

Bean & FZ *To pay the

And credit thy repentance.

Shak. saddler for my mistress' crupper.' Shak. may use with a safe conscience.'

4. Preservation from escape; close custody. Saddle-roof(sad'l-röf), n. A roof having two

Safe, Secure. In our present English the
difference between these two words is hardly

Imprison him; gables. Sometimes termed Packsaddle Roof

Deliver him to safety and return. Shad. and Saddle-back Roof. recognized, but a clear distinction was often

Same as DisSaddle-rug (sad'l-rug), n. A cloth under a

made by some of our earlier writers: safe, Safety-arch (sāfsti-ärch), n.
implying free from danger or evil results;

charging-arch saddle.

In Tail

Safety-beam (sāf' ti - bēm). n. Saddlery (sadler-i), n. 1. The manufactures secure, free of care, careless, easy in mind.

a beam of a truck frame furnished with

We cannot endure to be disturbed or awakened of a saddler; the articles usually on sale in a saddler's shop.-2. Trade or employment from our pleasing lethargy. For we care not to be

straps passing around to prevent dangerous safe, but to be secure; not to escape hell, but to live contingencies, hy retaining the parts in their of a saddler.

pleasantly,

Fer. Taylor. proper relative positions in case of the axle Saddle-shaped (sad'l-shāpt), a. Having Safe (sāf), n. 1. A place of safety; specifi breaking the shape of a saddle. In geol. applied to cally, (a) a strong case for containing money,

Safety-belt såf'ti-belt), n. A belt made of strata bent on each side of a mountain

jewels, account-books, and other valuable some buoyant material or inflated to sustain without being broken at the top.

articles, to guard them from the attacks of a person in water; a life-belt; a safety. Saddle-tree (sad'l-trē), n. The frame of a

burglars or against the action of fire. (6) A buoy. saddle.

ventilated or refrigerated receptacle, in Safety-buoy (sāf'ti-boi), n. A safety-belt. Sadducaic (sad-dū-kā'ik), a. Pertaining to which meat is kept cool and fresh, and free Safety-cage (säf'ti-kaj). 1. A cage for raising or characteristic of the Sadducees; as, Sad from the attacks of noxious insects.-2. A and lowering miners. It travels upon guides ducaic reasonings. pantry

of wood or iron fixed against the sides of Sadducean (sad-dū-sē'an), a. Pertaining to safe + (sāf), v.t. To render safe.

the shaft, and is fitted with levers and the Saddncees. And that which most with you should safe my going

catches, so that in the event of a rope breakSadducee (sad'dū-sē), n. (Gr. saddoukaios, Is Fulvia's death.

Shak. ing the levers or catches fly out, and either H b. tsadikim, probably from Zadok, a dis

press against the guides or clip them, by tinguished priest in the time of David.) Safe-conduct (sāf'kon-dukt), n. That which gives a safe passage; as, (a) a convoy or

which the cage is prevented from falling. One of a sect or party among the ancient

A fuse used in Jews. They denied the existence of any

guard to protect a person in an enemy's Safety-fuse (saf'ti-fūz), n.
country or in a foreign country; (b) a writ-

blasting operations, consisting generally of spiritual beings except God, and believed ing, a pass or warrant of security given to a

a hollow cord of spun yarn, tarred on the that the soul died with the body, and thereperson by the sovereign of a country to en

outside to render it water-proof, and filled fore that there was no resurrection. They able him to travel with safety.

with tightly rammed gunpowder. Such also rejected the authority of the oral law

Safe-conduct (saf-kon-dukt'), v. t.

To conwhich was upheld by the Pharisees, and ad

fuses are made to burn at a certain rate (say duct or convoy safely; to give a safe passage

2 feet) per minute, so that the time elapsing hered to the text of the Mosaic law. to, especially through a hostile country,

between the igniting of the fuse and the Sadduceeism, Sadducism (sad'dū-se-izm, sad'dū-sizm), nh.

desired explosion can be easily determined The tenets of the Saddu

'Safe-conducting the rebels for the ships.'
Shak.

A gutta-percha fuse-tube is sometimes used cees. Safeguard (sāf'gärd), n. 1. One who or that

in cases of blasting under water. Sadducize (sad'dū-siz), v.i. pret. & pp. sadducized; ppr, sadducizing. To conform to

which defends or protects; defence; protec- Safety-lamp (säiti-lamp), n. A lamp for tion.

lighting coal-mines without exposing workthe doctrines of the Sadducees; to adopt The smallest worm will turn, being trodden on,

men to the explosion of fire-damp. It conthe principles of the Sadducees. Saddu And doves will peck in safe-guard of their brood. sists of a cistern for holding the oil, in the cizing Christians.' Atterbury.

Shak. top of which the wick is placed. Over the Sad-eyed (sad'id), a. Having a sad counte The sword, the safeguard of thy brother's throne,

cistern is placed a cylinder of wire-gauze, nance. Shak. Is now become the bulwark of thine own, Grasroille.

so as to envelope the flame. By this conSad-faced (sad'fāst), a. Having a sad or 2. A convoy or guard to protect a traveller, trivance light is transmitted to the miner sorrowful face. Shak.

3. A passport; a warrant of security given without endangering the kindling of the Sad-hearted (sad'härt-ed), a. Sorrowful; by a sovereign to protect a stranger within atmosphere of fire-damp which may surmelancholy. Shak.

his territories; formerly a protection granted round him; because the heat of the flame is Sad-iron (sad'i-ern), n. An instrument for to a stranger in prosecuting his rights in decreased so much in passing through the ironing or smoothing clothes; a flat-iron. due course of law.

wire gauze that it is incapable of igniting

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