Imágenes de páginas





the inflammable gas (carburetted hydrogen) Safilowt (saf'flo), n. Same as Sajlower. middle; as, a building sags to the north or outside. In some forms of the lamp a glass An herb they call safflow, or bastard saffron, dyers south; the door sags; a beam sags by means cylinder is placed inside the gauze cage; use for scarlet.

Mortimer, of its weight. this resists air currents and ensures a steadier Safflower (saf'flou-ér), n. (From saffron and The party returned home as it came, all tired and light.

flower; comp. G. safflor.) Bastard saffron, happy, excepting little Alfred, who was tired and Safety-lintel (sāf' ti-lin-tel), n. A name a composite plant of

cross, and sat sleepy and sagging on his father's knee.

Longfellow. given to the wooden lintel which is placed thegenus Carthamus, behind a stone lintel in the aperture of a the C. tinctorius. It is

Hence - 2. To yield under the pressure of door or window. cultivated in China,

care, difficulties, trouble, doubt, or the Safety-pin (saf'ti-pin), n. A pin having its India, Egypt, and also

like; to become unsettled or unbalanced; point fitting into a kind of sheath, so that in the south of Eu

to waver or fluctuate. it may not be readily withdrawn or prick rope, on account of

The mind I sway by, and the heart I bear, the wearer or others while in use.

Shall never sag with doubt, nor shake with fear. its flowers, which in

Shak. Safety-plug (sāf'ti-plug), n. In steam-boiltheir dried state form

3. Naut. to incline to the leeward; to make ers, a bolt having its centre filled with a the safflower of com

leeway. fusible metal screwed into the top of the merce. An oil is

Sag (sag), v.t. To cause to bend or give fire-box, so that when the water becomes expressed from the

way; to load or burden. too low the increased temperature melts seeds, which is used

Sag (sag), n. The state or act of sinking, out the metal, and thus admits the water by the Asiatics as a

bending, or sagging to put the fire out, and save the tubes and laxative medicine. It

Saga (sa'ga), n. (Icel. saga, a tale, a history; fire-box from injury by too great heat. is also most exten

from segja, E. to say. See SAY.) An anSafety-tube (sāf'ti-tūb), n. An arrangement sively used as a lamp

cient Scandinavian legend or tradition of adapted to a gas-generating vessel, to pre oil. The dried flowers

considerable length, relating either mythivent the liquid into which the delivery tube afford two colouring

cal or historical events; a tale; a history; as, dips from passing back into the vessel in matters (also called

the Völsunga saga; the Knytlinga saga, &c. consequence of diminished internal pres safflower), a yellow Safflower (Carthamus And thus had Harold, in his youth, sure. The simplest form consists of a straight and a red, the latter


Learn'd many a saga's rhyme uncouthtube passing through the cork of the gener (carthamine), being

Of that sea-snake tremendous curid, ating vessel and dipping below the surface that for which they are most valued. They Whose iponstrous circle girds the world. of the liquid, or of a tube bent twice at are chiefly used for dyeing silk, afford.

Sir W. Scott.

And then the blue-eyed Norseman told right angles, passing just through the cork, ing various shades of pink, rose, crimson,

A saga of the days of old. Longfellow. so that a portion of liquid may remain in and scarlet. Mixed with finely-powdered In the true Saga age the Icelanders had no 'habit the lower bend and form a liquid joint, talc, safflower forms a common variety of of writing;' they simply told their stories, which were cutting off the communication between the

rouge. It is also used for adulterating saf handed down with scrupulous fidelity by word of inside of the vessel and the external air. fron, a much more expensive dye-stuff.

mouth, and without the use of either pen or ink. Safety-valve (sāf'ti-valv), n. A contrivance Saffron (saf'fron), n. (Fr. safran, from Sp.

When the art of writing came in, the true Saga

period perished. Just as the printing press extin. for obviating or diminishing the risk of ex azafrano, from Ar. and Per. zaferan, saf guished manuscripts, so did manuscripts extinguish

fron; with the article, az-zaferan. The Sagas in Iceland and the North Edin. Rev. Fig. 1.

plant was cultivated by the Moors in Spain.) Sagacious (sa-ga'shus), a. sagax, sagacis, d A plant of the genus Crocus, the C. sativus.

keen-scented, acute, sagacious, from sagio, It is a low ornamental plant, with grass-like to perceive keenly, a root signifying leaves and large crocus-like flowers of a

to be sharp, seen in Gr. sagaris, a battle-axe, purple colour. It is a native of Greece and

and Skr. saghnomi, to kill.) 1. Quick of Asia Minor, but extensively cultivated in

scent; able to scent or perceive by the 9 Austria, France, Spain, and also formerly b

senses. in England. The dried stigmata form the So scented the grim Feature, and upturn'd saffron of the shops, which, when good, has His nostril wide into the murky air;

a sweetish, penetrating, diffusive odour; a Sagacious of his quarry from so far. Milton. Lever Safety-valve. warm, pungent, bitterish taste; and a rich

2. Intellectually keen or quick; acute in disdeep orange colour. Saffron is employed, cernment or penetration; discerning and plosions in steam-boilers. The form and especially on the Continent, as a colouring judicious; shrewd; as, a sagacious mind. construction of safety-valves are exceedingly and flavouring ingredient in culinary prevarious, but the principle of all is the same: parations, liqueurs, &c.; in medicine it is

Only sagacious heads light on these observations.

Locke. that of opposing the pressure within the now only applied for similar purposes, but 3. Full of or informed by wisdom; sage; boiler by such a force as will yield before it formerly it was

wise; as, a sagacious remark. reaches the point of danger, and permit the considered to

In Homer ... we find not a few of these sagaci. steam to escape. The most simple and ob possess stimu

ous, curt sentences, into which men unaccustomed vious kind of safety-valve is that in which a lant, emmena

with books are fond of compressing their experience weight is placed directly over a steam-tight

of human life. gogue, cordial,

Prof. Blackie, plate, fitted to an aperture in the boiler. and antispas

4. Showing a great amount of intelligence; When, however, the pressure is high, this modic proper

acting or endowed with almost human inform becomes inconvenient, and the lever ties. It gives

telligence: said of the lower animals. safety-valve is adopted. This form is repre to water and

Sagaciously (sa-gă'shus-li), adv. In a sagasented in fig. 1, where a is the valve, fitted alcohol about

cious manner. Lord Coke sagaciously obto move vertically, and guided by a stem three - fourths

serves.' Burke. passing through the seat; 6, the boiler; c, the of its weight of

Sagaciousness (sa-gā' shus-nes), n. The valve-seat, usually, as well as the valve itself, an orange-red

quality of being sagacious; sagacity. formed of gun-metal (the same letters indi extract, which

Sagacity (sa-gas'i-ti), n. (Fr. sagacité; L. cate the corresponding parts in fig. 2); d, the is largely em

sagacitas, from sagax, sagacis. See SAGAlever, working upon a fixed centre at e, and ployed in

CIOUS.) The quality of being sagacious; sapressing upon the valve by a steel point; s is painting and

gaciousness; as, (a) quickness or acuteness a guide for the lever, and g a weight which dyeing. It is

of discernment or penetration; readiness of may be adjusted to any distance from the often adulter

apprehension with soundness of judgment; centre, according to the pressure required. ated with the

clear-headedness; shrewdness and common In locomotive engines, where the lever and petals of other

sense. weight would occupy too much space, it is plants, especi.

Sagacity finds out the intermediate ideas, to disusual to adopt the spring safety-valve, one ally with those Saffron (Crocus sativus).

cover what connection there is in each link of the form of which is shown at fig. 2. A series of the safflower


Locke. of bent springs, h hh, are placed alternately and marigold. The name bastard saffron is (6) Intelligence resembling that of mankind;

given to safflower; meadow-saffron is Col as, the sagacity of a dog or an elephant. Fig. 2.

chicum autumnale; hay-saffron consists of Sagamore (sag'a-mor), n. 1. Among some the stigmas of the Crocus sativus, with part tribes of American Indians, a king or chief. of the style, carefully dried; and cake-saf. Some writers regard saga more as synonyfron, of cakes made of safflower and gum mous with sachem, but others distinguish water.

between them, regarding sachem as a chief Saffron (saf'fron), a. Having the colour of of the first rank, and sagamore as one of the saffron flowers; yellow. 'Saffron flame." second, Sagamore, sachem, or powwow.' Chapman.

Longfellow. - 2. A juice sometimes used
Did this companion with the saffron face medicinally. Johnson.
Revel and feast it at my house to-day. Shak.

Sagapen (sagʻa-pen), n. See SAGAPENUM.
Aurora now had left her saffron bed. Dryden.

Sagapenum (sag-a-pē'num), 11. [Gr. sagaSaffron (saf'fron), v.t. To tinge with saf penon, the Ferula persica and its gum.) fron; to make yellow; to gild.

A fetid gem-resin brought from Persia and 6

Saffrony (saf'fron-i), a. Having the colour Alexandria, generally believed to be furof saffron.

nished by some species of the genus Ferula. The woman was of complexion yellowish or say.

It occurs either in tears or irregular masses Spring Safety-valve.

frony, as on whose face the sun had too freely cast of a dirty brownish colour, containing in his beams.

Lord. the interior white or yellowish grains. It in opposite directions, their extremities slid. Sag (sag), v.i. pret. sagged; ppr. sagging. has an odour of garlic, and a hot, acrid, ing upon the rods i i, and are forced down (Sc. seg, to sink, to subside, perhaps from bitterish taste. It is occasionally used in upon the valve a by means of a cross bar k, A. Sax, sigan, to sink; allied to L.G. sacken, medicine as a nervine and stimulating exwhich may be adjusted by means of the nut D. zakken, to sink down.] 1. To sink, in pectorant. so as to to give the right pressure upon the cline, or hang, away owing to insufficiently Sagathy (sag'a-thi), n. (Fr. sagatis; Sp. savalve.

supported weight; to settle; to sink in the gati, sagathy, from L. sagum, à blanket or




mantle.) A mixed woven fabric of silk and about an inch. The head carries a series of ing, and the meal laid to dry. For exportacotton; sayette. A panegyric on pieces of setæ or bristles surrounding the mouth, and tion, the finest sago meal is mixed with sagathy.' Tatler.

the hinder margin of the body is fringed. water, and then rubbed into small grains of Sagbutt (sag'but), n. Same as Sackbut. A single nerve-mass lies in the abdomen. the size and form of coriander seeds. This Burton.

The species are found living in the open is the kind principally brought to England. Sage (sāj), n. (Fr. sauge, from L. salvia, sea, in the Mediterranean, and in the The Malays have a process for refining sago, sage, from salvus, safe, sound-on account Atlantic and Pacific Oceans. The affinities and giving it a fine pearly lustre, the method of the reputed virtues of the plant.) The of this animal are with the worms, but it is of which is not known to Europeans; but common name of plants of the genus Salvia, anomalous in respect of its variations from there are strong reasons to believe that a very large genus of monopetalous exoge the worm type. — 3. The keystone of an heat is employed, because the starch is parnous plants, nat. order Labiatæ, containing arch. [Rare.) — 4. In geom. (a) the versed tially transformed into gum. The sago so about 450 species, widely dispersed through sine of an arc. () The abscissa of a curve. cured is in the highest estimation in all the the temperate and warmer regions of the (Rare.)

European markets. Sago forms a light, wholeglobe. They are herbs or shrubs of widely Sagittal (saj’i-tal), a. [L. sagittalis, from some, nutritious food, and may be used as varying habit, usually with entire or cut sagitta, an arrow.) Pertaining to an arrow; a pudding, or prepared in other ways as an leaves and various-coloured (rarely yel resembling an arrow. In anat. applied to article of diet for children and invalids when low) flowers. The best known and most the suture which unites the parietal bones a farinaceous diet is required. - Portland frequently used in this country is the S. of of the skull.

sago. See under ARUM. ficinalis, or garden sage, a native of various

His wound was between the sagittal and coronal Sagoin, Sagouin (sa-goin', sag'ö-in), n. (The parts of the south of Europe. This plant is sutures to the bone.


native South American name.) A genus much used in cookery, and is supposed to

(Callithrix) of Brazilian platyrhine monkeys assist the stomach in digesting fat and lus- Sagittarla (saj-i-tā'ri-a), n. [From L. sagitta, cious foods. It was formerly in great rean arrow-the leaves resembling an arrow

of small size, and remarkably light, active, pute as a sudorific, aromatic, astringent, and head.) A genus of plants, nat. order Alis

and graceful in their movements. Both the maceæ. The species are water-plants, and

body and tail are covered with beautiful antiseptic. It possesses stimulant properare found in the hotter and temperate parts

fur, and the latter they use as a protection ties in a high degree, and sage tea is commended as a stomachic and slight stimulant. of the globe, and are frequently remarkable

against cold. When tame they are very gen

tle and much attached to their masters. for the beauty of their white three-petalled Two species, S. pratensis (meadow-sage) and flowers. S. sagittifolia, or common arrow

Their tail is non-prehensile. Called also S. Verbenaca (wild sage or vervain clary), are natives of Great Britain.-Sage apple, an exhead, is indigenous in this country. The

Squirrel Monkey and Saimaris. crescence upon a species of sage (Salvia

rhizomes of many of the species contain Saguerus (sā-gù-ë'rus), n. A genus of plants, amylaceous matter, and form a nutritious

nat. order Palmacea or palms, inhabiting pomifera) caused by the puncture of an food.

the Indian Archipelago and some parts of insect. ---Sage brush, a low irregular shrub Sagittarlus (saj-i-tāʻri-us), n. [L., an archer.]

the Asiatic continent. S. saccharifer (the (Artemisia Ludoviciana) of the order ComOne of the zodiacal constellations which the

arenga or gomuti-palm) is of great value to positæ, growing in dry alkaline soils of the

the natives of the Indian islands, yielding a sun enters Nov. 22. It is represented on American plains. The name is also given celestial globes and charts by the figure of

valuable fibre, palm-wine, and sugar, and to other American species of Artemisia. a centaur in the act of shooting an arrow

considerable quantities of sago, of a rather Sage cheese, a kind of cheese, flavoured, and from his bow.

inferior quality. See GOMUTI. coloured green with the juice of sage. The

Sagum (sa'gum), n. (L.) The military cloak juice of spinage is also usually added to Sagittary (saj’i-ta-ri), n. [See above.) 1. An heighten its colour. ---Sage cock, a bird beold name for a centaur.-2. The arsenal at

worn by the Roman soldiers and inferior longing to the Tetraonidæ (Centrocercus Venice, or the residence there of the com

officers, in contradistinction to the paludamanders of the army and

mentum of the superior officers. It was the urophasianus), resembling the prairie-fowl,

garb of war, as the toga was the garb of navy: so called from the but much larger. It is found in the Rocky

peace. Mountain region, and feeds on the leaves of figure of an archer over the

Sagus (sā'gus), n. A genus of palms from the sage brush. gate. Shak.

which sago is obtained. See SAGO. Sage (sāj), a. (Fr. sage, from L. sapius (ex- Sagittary (saj-i-ta-ri), a. Pertaining to an arrow. Sir

Sagy (sā'ji), a. Full of sage; seasoned with tant only in ne-sapius, imprudent), later

sage. T. Browne. form sabius, wise, from root of sapio, to taste

Sahib (sä'ib), n. (whence sapient).] 1. Wise; having nice Sagittate (saj’i-tát), a. (L.

(Hind., from Ar. sahib, discernment and powers of judging; prusagitta, an arrow.) Shaped

lord, master.) A term used by the natives

of India or Persia in addressing or speaking like the head of an arrow; dent; sagacious; as, a sage counsellor. 'Sage, triangular, hollowed at the

of Europeans; as, the sahib did so and so; Shak. grave men.

Colonel sahib. Sahibah is the corresponding base, with angles at the Most men (till by losing render'd sager)

feminine form. Will back their own opinions with a wager. Byron, hinder part; sagittal: used Sagittate Leaf.

Sahlite (sah'lit), n. Same as Malacolite. especially in bot. 2. Proceeding from wisdom; well-judged; sago (sã'go), n. (Malay and Javanese sagu, Sal (sá’i), . A species of sapajou or South well adapted to the purpose; as, sage coun sago, from Papuan sagu, bread.) A kind of American platyrhine monkey, the Cebus sels. 'Under show of sage advice.' Milton. starch, produced from the stem or cellular

capucinus, found in Brazil. Called also the 3. Grave; solemn; serious. 'Sage and solemn substance of several palms and palm-like

Weeper Monkey. See SAPAJOU. times.' Milton. -SYN. Wise, sagacious, sa vegetables, the chief of which are the Sagus Saic(sā'ik), n.. [Fr. saïque, from Turk. shaika, pient, grave, prudent, judicious. lævis, S. Rumphi, the Phoenix farinifera,

a saic.) A Turkish or Grecian vessel, very Sage (sāj), n. A wise man; a man of gravity Corypha Gebanga, Caryota urens, Saguerus

common in the Levant, a kind of ketch and wisdom; particularly, a man venerable

saccharifer, and some cycads, but these last which has no top-gallant-sail nor mizzerfor years, and known as a man of sound yield a very inferior sort. Sagus laevis, from

top-sail. judgment and prudence; a grave philoso which the finest sago is prepared, forms im- Said (sed), pret. & pp. of say: so written for pher. 'Groves where immortal sages taught.' mense forests on nearly all the Moluccas, each

sayed. 1. Declared; uttered; reported. Pope. tree yielding from 100 to 800 lbs. of sago. The

2. Aforesaid; before mentioned: used chiefly A star, Unseen before in heaven, proclaims him come, tree when at maturity is about 30 feet high,

in legal style. “King John succeeded his And guides the eastern sages.

said brother.' Sir M. Hale. Milton.

and from 18 to 22 inches in diameter. The He thought as a sage but he felt as a man. Beattie. sago or medullary matter, which is prepared Saiga (sā'ga), n. A species of antelope (Colus Sagely (sājóli), adv. In a sage manner; wisely; by the plant for the use of the flowers and

or Antilope Saiga) found on the steppes of

Russia and on the Russian borders of Asia with just discernment and prudence. “Our

It forms one of the two European species of Saviour sagely thus replied.' Muton.

antelopes; the other being the chamois Sagene (sa-jēn'), n. See SAJENE.

The nose is of peculiar structure, the openSageness (sāj'nes), n. The quality of being

ings being very large and covered by a soft sage; wisdom; sagacity; prudence; gravity.

cartilaginous arch. The saiga of Tartary Sagenite (saj/en-it), n. (Fr. sagénite, from

($. Tartarica) is presumably a distinct speL. sagena, Gr. sagēnē, a large net. ) Acicular

cies from the above. rutile, or red oxide of titanium. The acicu

Sail (sál), n. (A. Sax. segel, segl, a sail; cog. lar crystals cross each other, giving a reti

Icel. segl, G. and Sw. segel, Dan. seil, D. zeil; culated appearance; hence the name.

the term. no doubt denotes an agent, and Sagenitic (saj-en-it'ik), a. (See above. Ap

the word is probably from an Indo-Ěuropean plied to quartz when containing acicular

root (sagh) meaning to check, to resist] crystals of other materials, most commonly

1. A piece of cloth or a texture or tissue of rutile, also tourmaline, actinolite, and the

some kind spread to the wind to cause, or like.

assist in causing, a vessel to move through Sagg (sag), v.i. Same as Sag.

the water. The sails of European vessels are Sagger (sag'er), n. [See SEGGAR.] 1. A seg

usually made of several breadths of canvas, gar or clay pot used in making pottery-ware.

sewed together with a double seam at the See SEGGAR. – 2. A clay used in making

borders, and edged all round with a cord or these pots.

cords called the bolt-rope or bolt-ropes. A Sagina (sa-ji'na), n. Pearl-wort, a genus of

sail extended by a yard hung (slung) by the plants. See PEARL-WORT.

middle and balanced is called a square sail; Saginatet (saj'i-nāt), v.t. [L. sagino, sagi

a sail set upon a gaff, boom, or stay is called natum, to fatten, to feed.) To pamper; to

a fore-and-aft sail. The upper part of every glut; to fatten.

Sago Palm (Sagus lævis).

sail is the head, the lower part the foot, the Sagitta (saj'i-ta), n. [L., an arrow.) 1. The

sides in general are called leeches, but the Arrow, one of the old constellations of the fruit, is most abundant just before the evo weather side or edge (that is, the side next northern hemisphere. It contains no stars lution or appearance of the spadix or flower the mast or stay to which it is attached) higher than the fourth magnitude. -- 2. In bud. At this period the tree is cut down of any but a square sail is called the luf zool. a genus of annelids, forming Huxley's and the medullary part extracted from the and the other edge the after leech. The order Chætognatha. This animal is a trans trunk, and reduced to powder like sawdust. lower two corners of a square sail are in genparent marine form, attaining the length of The filaments are next separated by wash eral clues; the weather clue of a fore-and





aft sail, or of a course while set, is the tack. Sails generally take their names, partly at least, from the mast, yard, or stay upon which they are stretched ; thus, the maincourse, main-top sail, main-topgallant sail are respectively the sails on the mainmast, main-topmast, and main-topgallant mast. The principal sails in a full-rigged vessel are the courses or lower sails, the topsails and topgallant sails. The cut shows the sails of a ship, which are not greatly different from those of a barque. The vessel represented might, however, carry additional sails to those shown; thus she might have staysails

on the stays of the main and mizzen masts,
and fore-and-aft sails (called spencers) on
the main and fore masts.—2. A funnel-shaped
bag, open at both ends, on the deck of a ship
to intercept or gather air and lead it below
deck for the purpose of ventilation.-3. That
portion of the arm of a windmill which
catches the wind. *And the whirring sail
goes round.' Tennyson.-4. A wing. [Poeti-

He, cutting way
With his broad sails, about him soared round;
At last, low stooping with unwieldy sway,
Snatch'd up both horse and man. Spenser.

5. A ship or other vessel; as, we saw a sail
and gave chase: used as a plural with the
singular form; as, the fleet consisted of 20
sail. Sometimes collectively, a fleet.
We have descried, upon our neighbouring shore,
A portly sail of ships make hitherward. Shak.
6. A journey or excursion upon water; a pas-
sage in a vessel or boat.

Here is my journey's end, here is my butt,

And very sea-mark of my utmost sa il. Shak. -Full sail, with all sails set. - To loose sails, to unfurl them.-To make sail, to extend an additional quantity of sail. – To set sail, to expand or spread the sails; and hence, to

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begin a voyage. - To shorten sail, to reduce -To sail over, in arch. to project beyond habit of swimming on the surface of the the extent of sail or take in a part. -- To a surface. Groilt.

water with its dorsal fin exposed, somewhat strike sail, (a) to lower the sails suddenly, Sail (sāl), v.t. 1. To pass or move upon or

like the sail of a ship. Yarrell. as in saluting or in sudden gusts of wind. over by means of sails or other propulsory Sail-book (sālhök), n. A small hook used Acts xxvii. 17. (6) To abate show or pomp. means, as steam, oars, &c.

for holding the seams of a sail square in the (Colloq.)

A thousand ships were mann'd to sail the sea.

act of sewing Margaret

Dryden. Sail-hoop (sål'hôp), n. One of the rings by Must strike her sail and learn awhile to serve 2. To move upon or pass over, as in a ship. which fore-and-aft sails are secured to masts Where kings command.

Sail seas in cockles.' Shak. - 3. To tly

and stays. -Under sail, having the sails spread. through

Sailing (sāl'ing), n. 1. The act of one who or Sail (sal), v.i. (From the noun.] 1. To be

Sublime she sails
Th' aerial space, and mounts the winged gales.

that which sails.-2. The art or rules of navi. impelled or driven forward by the action of


gation; the art or the act of directing a ship wind upon sails, as a ship on water; hence, 4. To navigate; to direct or manage the mo

on a given line laid down in a chart. The to move or be impelled, as a ship or boat, by tion of; as, to sail one's own ship.

term is also applied to the rules by which any mechanical power, as by steam, oars, &c.; Sailable (sála-bl), a. Capable of being sailed

in particular circumstances a ship's place as, a ship sails ten knots an hour; she sails on or through; navigable; admitting of

and its motion are computed.-Current sailwell close-hauled.—2. To be conveyed in a being passed by ships.

ing, the method of determining the true vessel on water; to pass by water; as, we Sail-boat (salbot), n. A boat propelled by

course and distance of a ship when her own sailed from London to Canton. or fitted for a sail or sails.

motion is combined with that of a current. And when we had sailed over the sea of Cilicia Sailborne (salbörn), a. Borne or conveyed

-Globular sailing. See GLOBULAR.- Great and Pamphylia, we came to Myra, a city of Lycia. by sails. Falconer.

circle sailing, the manner of conducting a Acts xxvii. 5. 3. To swim, as a fish or swimming bird. Sail-broad (sāl’brąd), a. Spreading like a

ship between one place and another, so sail.

that her track may be along or nearly along Little dolphins, when they sail

At last his sail-broad vans

the arc of a great circle, that is a circle In the vast shadow of the British whale. Dryden.

He spreads for flight.

Alilton whose plane would pass through the two 4. To set sail; to begin a voyage.

Sailcloth (sal'kloth), n. Canvas or duck places and the centre of the earth, the arc There yet were many weeks before she said. used in making sails for ships, &c.

of a great circle being the curve of shortest Sail'd from this port. Tennyson. Saile,t v.t. To assail. Romaunt of the

distance between any two places.-Merca5. To fly without striking with the wings; Sailer (sālér), n. 1. One that sails; a seaman; Rose.

tor's sailing, that in which problems are

solved according to the principles applied to glide through the air without apparent

a sailor. Sir P. Sidney. [Rare.)-2. A ship in Mercator's projection. See MERCATOR'S exertion; to move smoothly through the or other vessel with reference to her manner

CHART.-- Middle-latitude sailing. See under air. Sails upon the bosom of the air.' Shak.

MIDDLE. - Oblique sailing. See OBLIQUE. Sails between worlds and worlds

of sailing; as, a heavy sailer; a fast sailer; a with steady wing.' Milton. prime sailer.

Parallel sailing. See PARALLEL. --Traverse You must be mad. She is the fastest sailer be.

sailing. See TRAVERSE. The owlet Atheism

tween here and the Thames.' .. 'I care not !' the Sailing-master (sāl'ing-mas-tér), n. See Sailing on obscene wings athwart the noon, porter replied, snatching up a stout oaken staff that MASTER, 1. (e). Drops his blue-fringed lids.


lay in a corner, I'm an old sailor.' G. A. Sala. Sailless (sālʻles), a. Destitute of sails. 6. To pass smoothly along; to glide; to float; Sail-fish (sāl'fish), n. A name given to the Sail-loft (sál loft), n. A loft or apartment as, the clouds sail; she sailed into the room. basking-shark (Selache maximus), from its where sails are cut out and made.




Sail-maker (sālmāk-er), n. One whose oc Ceylon, having pale yellow flowers spotted paifera, used in Demerara as a wood for

cupation is to make, alter, or repair sails. with crimson, which has given rise to the furniture. Sail-needle (sāl'nē-dl), n. A large needle superstition that they are sprinkled with Sake (sāk), n. [A. Sax. sacu, contention,

with a triangular tapering end, used in sew the blood of St. Thomas. - St. Vitus' dance, strife, a cause or suit at law; Icel, sök, sake, ing canvas.

See CHOREA.-Saint's bell. See SACRING cause, suit; L.G. sake, G. sache, suit-at-law, Sailor (sāl'èr ), n. [Another spelling of BELL.

cause, affair, thing; A. Sax. sacan, Goth, 80sailer.) A mariner; à seaman; one of the Saint (sānt), v.t. 1. To number or enrol kan, Icel. saka, to contend, accuse, &c. From crew of a ship or vessel, usually one of the among saints by an official act of the pope; the same root as seek, L. sequor, to follow ordinary hands, or those before the mast. to canonize.

Comp. as to meaning cause, because.] 1. Fi. I see the cabin-window bright;

Over against the church stands a large hospital, nal cause; end; purpose; purpose of obtainI see the sailor at the wheel. Tennyson. erected by a shoemaker, who has been beatified ing; as, the hero fights for the sake of glory;

though never sainted.

Sailor-like (sāl’er-lik), a.
Like sailors.

men labour for the sake of subsistence or 2. To salute as a saint. Sail-room (sāl’röm), n.

wealth.-2. Account; reason; cause; interest; An apartment in a

(Rare.) vessel where spare sails are stowed away.

They shout, 'Behold a saint!'

regard to any person or thing. The plural Saily (sál'i), a. Like a sail.

And lower voices saint me from above.

is regularly used in such phrases as: For

Tennyson. your fair sakes.' Shak. “For both our sakes.' The Muse her former course doth seriously pursue, Saint (sānt), v.i. To act piously or with a

Shak. The sign of the genitive (possessive) From Penmen's craggy height to try her saily wings. show of piety. "To sin and never for to Drayton

is often omitted. Thus Shakspere has For saint:' Shak. Sail-yard (sälyärd), n. The yard or spar on

heaven sake;' 'For fashion sake,' &c. which sails are extended.

Whether the charmer sinner it or saint it,

I will not again curse the ground any more for Saim (sām), n. (See SEAM.) Lard; fat. (Pro- Saintdom (sânt'dum), n. The state or conIf folly grows romantic, I must paint it. Pope. man's sake.

Gen. viii. 21. vincial English and Scotch.) Saimaris (sä'i-ma-ris), n. [Indian name.] dition of being a saint; the state of being

The word seems only to occur in such The sagoin or squirrel monkey. P. M. Dun sainted or canonized; canonization.

phrases as the above, having always for be

fore it. can. See SAGOIN.

I will not cease to grasp the hope I hold

Saker (sāker), n. [Spelled also sacre, from

Of saindom. Saint (san). For Sayen, pp. of say.


Fr. sacre, a falcon, then a piece of ordnance; It is an epilogue or discourse, to make plain

Sainted (sānt'ed), p. and a. 1. Canonized; Sp. and Pg. sacre, from Ar. sugr, a sparrowSome obscure precedence that hath tofore been enrolled among the saints.-2. Holy; pious; hawk. It was customary to give the names sain.


A most sainted king' Shak.-3. Sacred. of hawks to muskets and pieces of artillery.] Sain, Sane (sẵn), 0.. [A. Sax. 8ênian, Reg The gods on sainted seats.' Milton. 1. A hawk; a species of falcon. The pame nian, to sign, to bless, from segen, segn, a 4. Entered into bliss; gone to heaven: often has sometimes been given to the lanner, but sign; G. segen, a sign, segnen, to sign, to used as a euphuism for dead.

The very

properly belongs to a distinct species, the bless; from L. signum, the sign of the cross. ] picture of his sainted mother.' Thackeray. Falco sacer, a European and Asiatic falcon, To bless with the sign of the cross; to bless Saintess (sānt'es), n. A female saint.

still used in falconry among the Asiatics so as to protect from evil influence. Sir W.

Some of your saintesses have gowns and kirtles 2. A small piece of artillery. Scott. (Scotch.)

made of such dames' refuses.


The cannon, blunderbuss, and saker, Sainfoin, Saintfoin (sān'foin, sānt'foin), n. Saintfoin, n. Same as Sainfoin.

He was the inventor of and maker. Hudibras. [Fr. sainfoin, from sain, wholesome, and Sainthood (sānt’hod), ?. The character, Sakeret (sāľkér-et), n. The male of the foin, hay. Another derivation is from Fr. rank, or position of a saint. “The superior

saker. saint, holy, and foin, which gives the Ger honour of monkish sainthood.' H. Walpole. Sakhrat (sak’rat), n. [Ar.] In Mohammeman name heilig-heu (holy hay).) A plant, Saintish (sānt'ish), a. Somewhat saintly; Onobrychis sativa, nat order Leguminosa, a affected with piety: used ironically. T.

dan myth, the name for a sacred stone, one native of calcareous soils in central and south Hook,

grain of which confers miraculous powers. Europe. It has been in regular cultivation Saintism (sānt'izm), 12. The quality or char:

It is of an emerald colour, and the blue ting for upwards of two centuries for the pur acter of saints. Canting puritanism and Saki (sā'ki), n. The American name of those

of the sky is due to its reflection. pose of supplying fodder for cattle either in saintism.' Wood. (Rare.) the green state or when converted into hay. Saintlike (sānt'lik), a. 1. Resembling a

platyrhine monkeys which constitute the In England it is extensively cultivated on saint; saintly; as, a saintlike prince. — 2. Suit

genus Pithecia. They have for the most the Cotswold Hills, and on the chalk soils of ing a saint; becoming a saint. "Gloss'd over Dorset, Hants, Wilts, &c. It does not thrive

only with a saintlike show.' Dryden. well except when the soil or subsoil is cal Saintliness (sāntli-nes), n. The quality or careous. It is a pretty plant with narrow state of being saintly. pinnate leaves and long spikes of bright Saintly (sānt'li), a. Like a saint or what pink flowers.

belongs to a saint; becoming a holy person. Saint (sānt), n. (Fr., from L. sanctus, sacred, Wrongs with saintly patience borne.' Milholy, pp. of sancio, to render sacred.] 1. A

ton. * Practis'd falsehood under saintly person sanctified; a holy or godly person; shew.' Milton. one eminent for piety and virtue. It is par- Saintologist (sān-tol'o-jist), n. One who ticularly applied to the apostles and other

writes the lives of saints; one versed in the holy persons mentioned in Scripture. 'A history of saints. (Rare.] hypocrite may imitate a saint.' Addison Saint-seeming (sảnt'sēm-ing), a. Having 2. One of the blessed in heaven. Rev. xviii. 24.

the appearance of a saint. A saint-seem3. An angel. Deut. xxxiii. 2; Jude 14.-4. One

ing and Bible-bearing hypocritical puritan.' canonized by the Church of Rome. Often

Mountagu. contracted St.when coming before a personal Saintship (sānt'ship), n. The character or name. - St. Agnes' flower, the snow-flake

qualities of a saint. Might shake the (Erinosma). ---St. Andrew's cro88, (a) a cross saintship of an anchorite.' Byron. shaped like the letter X. (6) A North Ameri- Saint-Simonian (sånt-si-mo'ni-an), n. A

Saki Cuxio (Pithecia satanas). can shrub (Ascyrum Crux Andreæe). - St. partisan of the Count de St. Simon, who Anthony's fire, erysipelas. - St. Barnaby's maintained that the principle of joint-stock

part long and bushy tails, and thus have thistle, the Centauria solstitialis, a plant property, and just division of the fruits of

obtained the name of Fox-tailed Monkeys. sometimes found in cornfields in the south common labour among all members of so In its general acceptation the term denotes of England. --St. Catherine's flower, the Niciety, is the true remedy for the evils of

any American monkey whose tail is not pregella damascena. - St. Christopher's herb, society.

hensile. the royal fern (Osmunda regalis), also à Saint-Simonianism (sānt-si-mo'ni-an-izm), Saki (sā'ki), 1. (Japanese.) The native beer name given to the baneberry (Actwa spi The doctrines, principles, or practice of

and common stimulating beverage of the cata). -St. Cuthbert's beads, the detached the Saint-Simonians.

Japanese. It is made from rice, and is and perforated joints of the fossil stem of Sair (sār), a. Sore; painful; sorrowful; se

drunk warm, producing a very speedy but Encrinitis moniliformis. Called also Wheelvere. [Scotch.)

transient intoxication. stones and Lily-stones.-St. Cuthbert's duck, Sair (sār), adv. Sorely; in a great degree; Sakta (säk'ta), n. (Skr. sakti, power, energy.] the eider-duck (Somateria mollissima). -St. very much. (Scotch.]

A member of one of the great divisions of the Elmo's light, corposant (which see), --St.

Hindu sects, the Saktas, comprising the worGeorge's ensign, the distinguishing badge of

The like of her have played warse pranks, and so has also hersell, unless she is the sairer lied on.

shippers of the female principle according ships of the royal navy, consisting of a red

Sir W. Scott. to the ritual of the Tantra. They are dicross on a white field, with the union-flag Sair (sār), v.t. To serve; to fit; to be large vided into two branches, the followers of in the upper quarter next the mast.-St. enough; to satisfy, as with food. [Scotch.) the right-hand and left-hand ritual. The Helen's beds. See OSBORNE-SERIES.-St. Ig- Sairin', Sairing (sār'in), n. As much as sa latter practise the grossest impurities. natius' bean, the seed of a large climbing tisfies or serves the turn; enough; as, he Sakur (såkur), n. An Indian name for shrub, of the nat. order Loganiaceæ, nearly has got his sairing. [Scotch.)

small rounded astringent galls formed on allied to that which produces nux vomica. Sairly (sārʻli), adv. Sorely. (Scotch.] some species of Tamarix, which are used in The seeds were formerly considered a re Saith (sẵTH), . Same as Sethe.

medicine and dyeing. Simmonde. medy for cholera. --St. James' wort, ragwort Saiva (si'va),n. A votary of Siva. The Saivas Sal (sal), n. (See SALT.] Salt: a word much or ragweed (Senecio Jacobæa).-St. John's are one of the three great sects of Hindus used by the older chemists and in phar. bread. See CERATONIA. -St. John's pear. tan. The sect comprehends several subdi macy.-Sal aeratus. See SALERATUS.-Sal See MADELINE-PEAR.-St. John's wort. See visions. Its members belong chiefly to the alembroth, or salt of wisdom, a compound HYPERICACEÆ.—St. Martin's herb, a muci learned and speculative classes.

of corrosive sublimate and sal ammoniac, laginous tropical plant (Sauvagesia erecta), Sajene (sa-jēn'), n. A Russian measure of once used in medicine, but now discarded. used for medicinal purposes. -St. Peter's length equal to 1.167 English fathoms, or -Sal ammoniac, hydrochlorate or muriate fingers, a familiar term for belemnites, about 7 feet English measure. Written also of ammonia, a salt of a sharp acrid taste, many of which have a finger-like form. --St. Sagene.

much used in the arts and in pharmacy Peter's wort, a plant of the genus Ascyrum, Sajou (sä’jö), n. One of a division of Ameri The name is derived from the temple of and Hypericum quadrangulum; also, in old can monkeys. See SAPAJOU.

Jupiter Ammon, in Egypt, where it was herbals, the cowslip. - Št. Thomas' tree, a Saka (sā'ka), n. The native name of the originally made by burning camels' dung. small tree (Bauhinia tomentosa), a native of bastard purple heart-tree, a species of Co Sal de Duobus, an ancient chemical name






applied to sulphate of potash.-Sal diureti ous to small animals the salamanders have net, two corners of which are attached to cus, an old name for acetate of potash. - the reputation of extreme venomousness, the upper extremities of two long bamboos Sal gem, or sal gemmæ, native chloride of though they are in reality entirely harmless. tied crosswise, their lower extremities being sodium, or rock-salt. --Sal mirable, sulphate The best known species is the S. vulgaris, the fastened to a bar on the raft, which acts as of soda; Glauber's salt. --Sal prunella, ni common salamander of the south of Europe. a hinge; a movable pole, arranged with a trate of potash fused into cakes or balls,

counterpoise as a sort of crane, supports and used for chemical purposes.-Sal seign

the bamboos at the point of junction, and ette, tartrate of potash and soda; Rochelle

thus enables the fishermen to raise or desalt. --Sal volatile, carbonate of ammonia.

press the net at pleasure. The lower exThe name is also applied to a spirituous

tremities of the net are guided by a coril, solution of carbonate of ammonia flavoured

which, being drawn towards the raft at the with aromatics.

same time that the long bamboos are eleSal (säl), n. [Native name.] One of the

vated by the crane and counterpoise, only most valuable timber trees of India, Shorea

a small portion of the net remains in the robusta, nat. order Dipteraceæ. Extensive

water, and is easily cleared of its contents forests of it used to clothe the base of the

by means of a landing-net. southern slope of the Himalayas, but these

Salamstone (sa-läm'ston), n. A variety of have been much destroyed by tapping for

sapphire, which consists of small transparent the sake of a whitish, aromatic, transparent

crystals, generally six-sided prisms of paleresin, used to caulk boats and ships, and

reddish and bluish colours. It is brought also for incense. The sal forests are now Common Salamander (Salamandra vulgaris). from Ceylon. protected by government. See SHOREA.

Salary (sal'a-ri), n. [L. salarium, from sal, Salaam (sa-låm'), n. [Per, and Ar. salám, It is about 6 to 8 inches long, is found in salt, originally salt-money, money given to Heb. shalom, peace.] A ceremonious salu moist places under stones or the roots of buy salt,

as part of the pay of Roman soldiers; tation or obeisance among orientals. In the trees, near the borders of springs, in deep hence, stipend, pay. ] The recompense or East Indies the personal salaam or saluta woods, &c., and passes its life in concealment consideration stipulated to be paid

to a pertion is an obeisance executed by bending except at night or during rain. It is some son periodically for services, usually a fixed the head with the body downwards, in ex times called the Spotted Salamander (S. ma sum to be paid by the year, half-year, or treme cases nearly to the ground, and plac culosa), from the bright yellow stripes on quarter. When paid at shorter periods the ing the palm of the right hand on the fore its sides. There are various other species recompense is usually called pay or wages; head. - Sending a person your salaam is in Europe, Asia, and America. In America thus, a judge, governor, or teacher receives equivalent to presenting your compliments. the name is often given to the menopome a salary; a labourer receives wages. Salaam (sa-lämn'), v.i. To perform the sa (Menopoma alleganiense). Salamanders feed

o, this is hire and salary, not revenge. Shak. laam; to salute with a salaam. (See the on worms, slugs, snails, and insects. Accord - Salary (sal’a-ri), v.t. pret

. & pp. salaried; noun.) W. H. Russell.

ing to a superstition once very prevalent, Salable (sāl'a-bl), a. See SALEABLE.

salamanders sought the hottest fire to breed

ppr. salarying. To pay a salary or stipendi Salacious (sa-la'shus), a. (L. salax, salacis, in, quenching it with the extreme frigidity of

to; to attach a salary to; as, a salaried post. salacious, from salio, to leap.] Lustful; their body. Pliny tells us he tried the experi

As long as public teachers are salaried and re. lecherous. ment, and the creature was burned to pow

moveable by the people there is very little danger of their becoming tyrants by force.

barlow. One more salacious, rich, and old,

der. It is probable that the absurd belief is Outbids, and buys her pleasure with her gold. due to the moisture above referred to as ex

Salaryt (sal'a-ri), a. Saline. Sir T. Browne. Dryden. uding from the skin. The salamander of the

Sale (sāl), n. [Icel, sal, sala, sale, bargain; Salaciously (sa-la'shus-li), adv. In a sala

this word stands in same relation to sell as middle ages was a being in human shape cious manner; lustfully; with eager animal which lived always in fire; a kind of fire

tale to tell.] 1. The act of selling; the exappetite. spirit. By some the newts are regarded as

change of a commodity for an agreed on price Salaciousness (sa-lā'shus-nes), n. The quasalamanders, under the name of Water or

in money paid or to be paid; a transfer of lity of being salacious; lust; lecherousness; Aquatic Salamanders. -2. A pouched rat

the absolute or general property in a thing strong propensity to venery. (Geomys pinetis) found in Georgia and Flo

for a price in money.- 2. Opportunity of Salacity (sa-las’i-ti), n. [L. salacitas.) Sarida.-3. A large iron poker; also, an iron

selling; demand; market; as, there is no laciousness. plate used for cooking purposes. [Provin

sale for these goods at present. Salad (sal'ad), n. [Fr. salade, It. salata, a

The countrymen will be more industrious in tillage, cial.) — 4. A piece of metal fixed in a suitsalted dish, from salare, to salt, from L. sal,

and rearing of all husbandry commodities, knowing able handle, and heated, formerly used on that they shall have a ready sale for them at those salt.) 1. A general name for certain vege board ships for the purpose of firing guns. towns.

Spenser. tables prepared and served so as to be eaten -Salamander's wool or salamander's hair, 3. Public sale to the highest bidder, or exraw. Salads are composed chiefly of lettuce,

a name sometimes given to fibrous asbestos posure of goods in a market or shop; aucendive, radishes, green mustard, land and from its incombustibility:

tion. water cresses, celery, and young onions. Salamandra (sal-a-man'dra), n. A genus of Those that won the plate, and those thus sold They are usually dressed with eggs, salt, amphibian vertebrates. See SALAMANDER.

ought to be marked, so that they may never return mustard, oil, vinegar, or spices.-2. A dish

to the race or to the sale.

Sir W. Temple. Salamandridæ (sal-a-man'dri-dē), 11. pl. A composed of some kind of meat, such as family of amphibians, comprehending the

-Sale by inch of candle, a sale or auction chicken or lobster, chopped and mixed salamander.

where persons are allowed to bid during the with uncooked herbs, seasoned with some Salamandrine (sal-a-man'drin), a. Per

time that a small piece of candle takes in condiment; as, chicken salad; lobster sa

taining to or resembling a salamander; en burning. - On sale, for sale, to be bought or lad. — 3. In the United States, a lettuce. during fire.

sold; offered to purchasers. Bartlett.-Salad cream, a prepared dressing for salads.-Salad days, green, unripe

Laying it into a pan of burning coals, we observed Salet (sāl), n. [A. Sax, sealh, seal, a sallow a certain salamandrine quality, that made it capable

or willow.) A wicker basket; also, a basketage; days of youthful inexperience.

of living in the midst of fire, without being consumed like net. Spenser.
My salad days,
or singed.

Spectator. Saleable (sál'a-bl), a. Capable of being sold; When I was green in judgement.

Shak. Salamandroid (sal-a-man'droid), a. (Gr. finding a ready market; in demand. 'Any -Salad oil, olive-oil.–Salad spoon, a spoon,

salamandra, salamander, and eidos, form. ] saleable commodity removed out of usually of wood or ivory, for mixing and Resembling salamanders.

the course of trade.' Locke. serving salads.

Salamanquese (sä-lä-man'kēz), a. 'Of or Saleableness (sāl'a-bl-nes), n. The state of Salad-burnet (sal'ad-bér-net), n. A British

pertaining to Salamanca or its inhabitants. being saleable. plant of the genus Poterium, the P. Sangui- Salamanquese (så-lä-man’kēz), n. sing. and The relative agreeableness, and therefore saleablesorba. See POTERIUM.

pl. A native or inhabitant of Salamanca ; ness, of 'a pot of the smallest ale,' and of Adonis Salade (sal'ad). See SALLET. in the pl. the people of Salamanca.

painted by a running brook,' depends virtually on the A kind of fishing

opinion of Demos, in the shape of Christopher Sly. Salading (sal'ad-ing), n. Vegetables for Salamba ( sa-lam'ba), n.

Ruskin, salads.

Saleably (sāl'a-bli), Salad-oil (salad-oil), n. Olive-oil, used in

adv. In a saleable dressing salads and for other culinary pur

manner. poses.

Salebrosity (sal - ē. Salal-berry (salal-be-ri), n. A fruit about

brossi-ti), n.

The the size of a common grape, of a dark col

SALEBROUS.) our and sweet flavour. It is the fruit of

state or quality of Gaultheria Shallon, a small shrubby plant

being salebrous; growing in the valley of the Oregon, about

rough or rugged. it foot high

There is a blaze of honSalam (sa-läm), n. Same as Salaam.

our gilding the briers,

and inciting the mind; Salamander (sal-a-man'dér), n. (Fr. sala

yet is not this without its mandre, L. and Gr. salamandra, Skr. sala

thorns and salebrosity. mandala, salamander.] The popular name

Feltham. of a genus (Salamandra) of amphibian rep

Salebrous (sal'étiles, order Urodela, very closely allied to

brus), a. [L. salethe newts, differing from them chiefly in

brosus, from salebra, having a cylindrical instead of a compressed

a rough place; protail, and by bringing forth their young

bably allied to salio, alive. The salamanders have an elongated

to shoot lizard-like form (but differ from lizards in

Rough; rugged; unhaving gills in their early stages), four feet,

even. A vale that's and a long tail. The head is thick, the tongue

Salamba of Manilla,

salebrous indeed.' broad, and the palatal teeth in two long

Cotton. [Rare.) series. The skin is warty, with many glands apparatus used on the banks near Manilla, Salep, Salop, (sal'ep, sal'op), n. (Ar. sahleb, secreting a watery fluid, which the animal fitted upon a raft composed of several tiers salep. ] The dried tuberous roots of different exudes when alarmed. As this fluid is injuri of bamboos. It consists of a rectangular species of orchis, especially 0. mascula, im

[ See

out. )

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