Imágenes de páginas




ported from Persia and Asia Minor. Salep tergreen and from other sources, as salicin. mined out her scorn of laws xalique.' Tenoccurs in commerce in small oval balls of a It crystallizes in tufts of slender prisms. It nyson. See SALIC. whitish-yellow colour, at times semi-trans has come into very general use as an anti Salisburia (sal-is-bū’ri-a), 1. [In honour parent, of a horny aspect, very hard, with a septic substance; and being devoid of poi of Richard Authony Salisbury, a distinfaint peculiar smell, and a taste like that of sonous properties it may be employed for guished English botanist. ) A genus of gum-tragacanth, but slightly saline. It is preserving foods, &c., from decay.

plants, nat order Taxaceæ, the yew tribe. much valued in the East for its supposed Salience (sa'li-ens), n. The quality or con S. adiantifolia, a Japanese species (called general stimulant properties, and is also es dition of being salient; the quality or state ginkgo or gingo in Japan), is commonly culteemed as a nutritious food well suited to of projecting or being projected; projection; tivated, and is remarkable on account of its children and convalescents. For use it is protrusion.

peculiar leaves resembling those of the fern ground into a fine powder, and mixed with The thickness and salience of the external frontal called maiden-hair. The fruit is as large as boiling water, sugar and milk being added

table remains apparent.

Sir W. Hamilton.

a damson, and is resinous and astringent. according to taste. As a diet drink it used Salient (så'li-ent), a. [L. saliens, ppr. of The kernels are used in Japan to promote to be considered very nutritious and whole salio, to leap.) 1. Moving by leaps; leaping; digestion. some in this country, and was sold in Lon bounding; jumping. Frogs and salient Salitet (sal’īt), v. t. pret. & pp. salited; ppr. don at stalls ready prepared, as coffee, its

animals. Sir T. Browne. -- 2. Shooting up saliting. (L. salio, from sal, salt.) To salt; substitute, now is.

or out; springing; beating; throbbing. "The to impregnate or season with salt. Saleratus (sal-e-rā'tus), n. [For sal aeratus, salient spout.' Pope. "A salient living spring Saliva (sa-li'va), n. [L, akin to Gr. sialon, lit. aerated salt.) The prepared carbonate of generous and manly action.' Burke. saliva. Comp. Gael, and Ir. seile, saliva, of soda and salt used for mixing with the

Do beating hearts of salient springs

sulim, to drop, to distil, to spit.) The fluid flour in baking, to evolve the carbonic acid

Keep measure with thine own? Tennyson. which is secreted by the salivary glands, gas on the addition of water, and so make 3. Having the apex turned towards the out and which serves to moisten the mouth and the bread light. Bret Harte. [tnited States.) side; projecting outwardly; as, a salient tongue. The principal use of saliva is that Sale-room (sāl’röm), n. A room in which angle. -- 4. Forcing itself on the notice or of converting the starchy elements of the goods are sold; specifically, an auction attention; conspicuous; prominent.

food into grape-sugar and dextrine. When room.

He (Grenville) had neither salient traits nor com discharged from the mouth it is called spittle. Salesman (sālz'man), n. One whose occu prehensiveness of mind.

Bancroft. Saliva contains about 5 or 6 parts of solid matpation is to sell goods or merchandise; spe 5. In her, a term applied to a lion or other ter to 995 or 994 of water, the chief ingredients cifically, a wholesale dealer, of whom there beast represented in a

being an organic matter named ptyalin and are various kinds in important commercial leaping posture, with his

sulphocyanide of potassium. In its normal centres; as, a cattle, meat, butter, hide, hay, right fore-foot in the dex

state its reaction is alkaline, but the degree fish, or other salesman. Simmonds.- Dead ter point, and his left hin

of alkalinity varies, being greatest after salesman, a wholesale dealer in butcher der foot in the sinister

meals. The parotid saliva is limpid, and meat; one who disposes of consignments of base of the escutcheon.

serves to moisten the food in the process dead meat by auction or other modes of sale. Written also Saliant.

of mastication; the sub-maxillary and subSalewe,t Salue, t v.t. (Fr. saluer.) To sa Salient (sa'li-ent), n. A

lingual saliva is viscid, and is essential to lute. Chaucer. salient angle or part; a

deglutition and gustation. Salework (sal'werk), n. Work or things projection

Salival (sa-li'val), a. Same as Salivary. made for sale; hence, work carelessly done. Saliently (sā'li-ent-li), A lion salient. Salivant (sal'i-vant), a. (L. salivans. See I see no more in you than in the ordinary of Naadv. In a salient manner.

SALIVATE.) Exciting salivation. ture's salework.

Shak. Saliferous (sa-lif'er-us), a. [L. sal, salt, and Salivant(sal'i-vant), n. That which produces Salian (sā'li-an), a. Of or pertaining to a fero, to produce. ] Producing or bearing salivation. tribe of Franks who were settled on the salt; as, saliferous rock. ---Saliferous system, Salivary (sal'i-va-ri), a. (L. salivarius.] PerSala from the third to the middle of the an old geological term for the new red sand taining to saliva; secreting or conveying fourth century:

stone system, so named from salt being a saliva; as, salivary glands; salivary ducts Salian (sā'li-an), n. A member of a tribe of characteristic of this system.

or canals. Franks. See the adjective. Salifiable (sal'i-fi-a-bl), a. Capable of being

Such animals as swallow their aliment without ches. Salian (sā'li-an), a.


ing want salivary glands. of or pertaining to the salified or of combining with an acid to Salii or priests of Mars in ancient Rome. form a salt.

Salivate (sal'i-vāt), v.t. pret. & pp. salivated; Salian hymns, songs sung at an annual fes- Salification (sal'i-fi-kā"shon), n. The act

ppr. salivating. (L. salivo, salivare, to spit tival by the priests of Mars, in praise of that of salifying..

forth, to salivate. See SALIVA.) To purge deity, other gods, and of distinguished men. Salify (sal'i-fī), v. t. pret. & pp. salified; ppr.

by the salivary glands; to produce an unusual The songs were accompanied by warlike salifying. [L. sal, salt, and facio, to make.)

secretion and discharge of saliva in, usually dances, the clashing of ancilia (shields of a To form into a salt by combining an acid with

by mercury; to produce ptyalism in peculiar form), &c. a base.

Salivation (sal-i-vā"shon), n. An abnormally Saliant (sa'li-ant), a. In her. see SALIENT. Saligot (sal'i-got), n. (Fr.) A plant, Trapa

abundant flow of saliva; the act or process Saliaunce,t Saliance,t n. Assault or sally. natans.

of producing an excessive secretion of saliva, Spenser.

Salimeter (sa-lim'et-ér), n.

[L. sal, salis, salivous + (sa - li'vus), a.

generally by means of mercury; ptyalism. Salic (sal’ik), a. (Fr. salique.). A term ap salt, and Gr. metron, a measure.) An instru

(L. salicosus) plied to a law or code of laws belonging to ment for measuring the amount of salt pre

Pertaining to saliva; partaking of the nature the Salian Franks. One of the laws in this sent in any given solntion.

of saliva. Salivous humour. Wiseman. code excluded women from inheriting cer Salina (sa-li'na), n. (Sp., from L. sal, salt.] Salix (sāʻliks), n. [L., a willow.) A genus tain lands, probably because certain mili 1. A salt marsh or salt pond inclosed from

of plants of the nat order Salicaceae It tary duties were connected with the holding the sea. -2. A place where salt is made from

consists of numerous species, all either trees of those lands. In the fourteenth century salt water; salt-works.

or shrubs, occurring abundantly in all the females were excluded from the throne of Salination (sal-i-na'shon), n. (See below.]

cooler parts of the northern hemisphere. France by the application of this law to the The act of washing with or soaking in salt

It comprehends the plants called osiers, succession to the crown, and it is in this liquor.

sallows, and willows, and is of great econosense that the term salio law is commonly The Egyptians might have been accustomed to

mical value, not only for the purposes of used.

wash the body with the same pickle they used in the basketmaker, but because several spesalination.

Greenhill. Salicaceæ (sal-i-kā'sē-ë), n. pl. (L. salix, sal

cies have a bark which contains a great icis, a willow.) A nat. order of apetalous exo- Saline (sa-lin'), a. (Fr. salin, from L. sal, quantity of tannin. British botanists are gens, distinguished by a two-valved capsule,

salt.) ì. Consisting of salt or constituting not agreed as to the number of species into and numerous seeds tufted with long hairs.

salt; as, saline particles; saline substances. which the native willows should be distriThe species are trees or shrubs, inhabiting

2. Partaking of the qualities of salt; as, a buted, for while Bentham reckons only woods in the northern districts of Europe, Saline (sa-lin), n. (Fr. saline. See adjec. saline taste.

fifteen, Babington extends the list to fiftyAsia, and America. Only two genera are in

eight. See WILLOW. cluded in the order, Salix or willow, and

tive.) A salt spring, or a place where salt Sailee-man (sa-lè'man), n. A cælenterate Populus or poplar. water is collected in the earth.

animal of the genus Vélella (which see). Salicaceous (sal-i-ka'shus), a. Of or relat- Salineness (sa-lin'nes), n. State of being Sallenders (sal'en-derz),n. See SELLANDERS.

saline. ing to the willow, or the order Salicaceæ.

Sallet, Salade (sallet, sal'ad), n. [Fr. saSalicetum (sal-i-se'tum), n. [L., from salix,

Saliniferous (sal-i-nif'er-us), a. Producing

salt. a willow.) A willow plantation. Salicin, Salicine (sal'i-sin), n. [L. salix, a Saliniform (sa-līn'i-form), a.

8 Having the

form of salt. willow.] (C13H1807.) A bitter crystallizable substance extracted from willow barks and Salinity (sa-lin'i-ti), n. The state or quality from that of the poplar. It possesses tonic

of being saline or salt; salineness. properties analogous to those of quinine,

The salinity of the deep water of the Atlantic differs

very little from that of its surface-water, being someand is a valuable stomachic bitter.

times a little greater and sometimes a little less, Salicornia (sal-i-kor'ni-a), n. (From L. sal,


Dr. Carpenter. xulis, salt, and cornu, a horn.) A genus of Salinometer (sal-i-nom'et-ér), n. (Saline, plants, nat, order Chenopodiaceæ, the spe and Gr. metron, measure.) An apparatus cies of which are known by the common for indicating the density of brine in the name of glasswort or saltwort, and well dis boilers of marine steam-engines, and thus tinguished by their jointed stems. They

200000000 showing when they should be cleansed by are mostly weeds inhabiting moist salt dis blowing off the deposit left by the salt water, tricts on the coasts of the north of Europe, which tends to injure the boilers as well as Africa, and America. S. herbacea and S. to diminish their evaporating power.

Sallets. radicans are natives of Great Britain. S. Salino-terrene (sa-līn'o-ter-rēn"), a. (L.

a, German Sallet, with fixed vizor (fifteenth cent) herbacea, and many other species, yield a sal, salt, and terrenus, from terra, earth.)

b, English Sallet, with movable vizor (reign of Henry

VI.) c, d, Sallet of the archers of sixteenth century; great quantity of soda. Pertaining to or composed of salt and earth.

profile and front views. Salicylic (sal-i-silik), a. (L. salix, a willow, Salinous † (sa-līn'us), a. Same as Saline. and Gr. hylē, matter.). The name given to Sir T. Brourne.

lade, It. celata, from L. cælata (cassis, helan acid (CH603) obtained from oil of win | Salique (sal’ik or sa-lēk'), a. Salic. "Ful met understood), engraved, chiselled, from

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colo, to engrave--so called from the figures port on each quarter of a fireship, for the Salmonet (sam’un-et), 11. (Dim. of salmon.) cut on it.) A kind of light helmet, first used escape of the men into boats when the train A little salmon; a sajulet. in the fifteenth century. Its characteristic is fired.

Salmonidæ (sal-mon'i-dë), n. pl. The salmon mark is the projection behind. Sallets were Salmagundi, Salmagundy (sal-ma-gun' tribe, a family of fishes belonging to the made of various forms, and with and without di), n. [Fr. salmigondis.) 1. À mixture of Malacopterygii abdominales, of which the the vizor. See a punning use of this term in chopped meat, eggs, anchovies, red pickled salmon is the type. Numerous species are extract under next word.

cabbage, &c., served at table as a corner found in the northern hemisphere, one of Sallet, t Salleting + (sal'et, sal'et-ing), n. dish. Hence--2. A mixture of various in the largest of which is the common salmon A salad. In the following extract there is a gredients; an olio or medley; a miscellany. (S. salu). Osmerus, Mallotus, Thymallus, play upon this word and sallet in sense of a W. Irving.

Coregonus, Argentina, Anastomus, and Gashelmet.

Salmi, Salmis (säl'mē), n. (Fr.) A ragout teroplectus are among the genera. Wherefore have I clinabed into this garden . . . to of roasted woodcocks, larks, thrushes, and Salmonoid (sam’un-oid), a. A term applied see if I can eat a grass or pick a sallet... which is not other species of game, minced and stewed to fishes belonging to the tribe Salmonida, amiss to cool a man's stomach this hot weather. And,

with wine, little pieces of bread, and other of which the salmon is the type. I think, this word saliet was born to do me geod: for many a time, but for a sallet, my brain-pan had been

ingredients calculated to provoke the appe- Salmon-trout (sam’un-trout),n. The Salmo cleft with a brown-bill; and, many a time, when I have tite.

trutta, a species which in value ranks next been dry, and bravely marching, it liath served me in. Salmiac (sal'mi-ak), n. A contraction of to the salmon itself. It resembles the salstead of a quart-pot to drink in; and now the word sal. Sal Ammoniac.

mon in form and colour, and is, like it, let must serve me to feed on.


Salmo (sal'mo), n. (L., a salmon.) A genus migratory, ascending rivers to deposit its Salliance + (sal'li-ans), n. Same as Salience. of teleostean malacopterygious fishes, con spawn. Sallow (sal'lo), n. (O.E. salewe, salwe, taining many species, of which the most im Salon (sä-lon), n. (Fr.) An apartment for saluhe, A. Sax. sealh, salig, Sc. saugh, Icel. portant British member is S. salar, the the reception of company; a saloon; hence, selja, Dan. scelje, O.H.G. salaha, Mod. G. salmon of our rivers. (See SALMON.) The in the plural, fashionable assemblages; cirsahl; the word is widely spread; comp. L. salmon-trout is S. trutta, and the gray or cles of fashionable society. salix, Gael. seileach, Ir. sail-sallow, willow; bull trout S. eriox. In the North American Saloon (sa-lön'), n. [Fr. and Sp. salon, It. also Basque saliga, Finnish salawa, with rivers there are several species distinct from salone, from Fr. salle, It. and Sp. sala, a same sense.) The common name of various ours.

hall, from 0.H.G. sal, a house, an abode, species of the genus Salix or willow kind.

Salmon (sam'un), n. (L. salmo, Fr. saumon.] same word as A. Sax. sol, a hall, a house.) The great or goat sallow (Salix capreu) puts A fish of the genus Salmo (the S. salar), 1. Any spacious or elegant apartment for the forth its handsome yellow blossoms very found in all the northern portions of Europe, reception of company or for works of art; a early in the spring. Its bark is much used America, and Asia. The salmon is both a hall of reception; a large public room; also, for tanning, and its wood for making imple marine and a fresh-water fish. Its normal a hall for public entertainments or amusements of husbandry. It is also grown for locality may be said to be the mouth or ment; an apartment for specitic public use; hoop-making.

estuary of the larger rivers, whence, in the as, the saloon of a steamer; a refreshment Sallow (sal'lo), a. [A. Sax, salu, salowig,

season of sexual excitement, it ascends to saloon,&c. “The gilded saloons in which the sealwe, sallow, dark; Icel. sölr, D. saluwe, the spawning beds, which are frequently far first magnates of the realm ... gave ban0.H.G. salo, pale. ] Having a yellowish inland, near the head-waters of the rivers. quets and balls.' Macaulay. -2. In arch. colour; of a pale, sickly colour, tinged On reaching the spawning station the female a lofty, spacious hall, frequently vaulted at with a dark yellow: said of the skin or com by means of her tail makes a furrow in the the top, and usually comprehending two plexion; as, a sallow skin.

gravelly bed of the river, in which she de stories, with two ranges of windows. It is What a deal of brine

posits her spawn or eggs, numbering many often in the middle of a building, and is Hath washed thy sallow cheeks for Rosaline! Shak.

thousands, which, when impregnated by the sometimes lighted from the top. Gwilt. Sallow (sal'lo), v.t. To tinge with a sallow male accompanying her, she carefully covers Saloop (sa-lop). Same as Salop. or yellow colour.

up by rapid sweeps of her tail. At this sea Salpa (sal'pa), n. (L. salpa, a kind of stockJuly breathes hot, sallows the crispy fields.

son the snout of the male undergoes a tish.) A genus of tunicate molluscs which

R. Lowell. strange transformation, the under jaw be float in the sea, protected by a transparent Sallowish (sallo-ish), a. Somewhat sallow coming hooked upward with a cartilaginous gelatinous coat, perforated for the passage or yellow in colour.

A youngish, sallowish excrescence, which is used as a weapon in of water at both extremities. These animals gentleman in spectacles." Dickens.

the combats frequent when two or more are very abundant in the Mediterranean, Sallowness (sal'lő-nes), n. The quality of males attach themselves to one female. In and the warmer parts of the ocean, and are

being sallow; paleness, tinged with a dark this condition he is known as a kipper. The frequently phosphorescent. They are met yellow; as, sallowness of complexion.

time occupied in spawning is from three to with in two conditions known as single and Sallow-thorn (sallo-thorn). See HIPPO twelve days, and the season extends from chain salpæ. The latter give origin to the PHAE.

the end of autumn till spring. After spawn single forms by sexual reproduction, whilst Sally (sal'li), n. [Fr. saillie, from saillir, to ing, the salmon, both male and female, pro the single forms produce the chain-salpa by leap, from L. salio, salire, to leap, to spring ceed to the sea under the name of spent fish, budding (whence salient).) 1. A leaping forth; a foul fish, or kelts, the females being further | Salpian (sal'pi-an), n. A tunicate mollusc darting or shooting.

distinguished as shedders or baggits. In of the genus Salpa (whic see). I come from haunts of coot and hern,

from so to 140 days the young fish emerges Salpicont (sal'pi-kon), n. (Fr. and Sp., from I make a sudden sally,

from the egg

At its emergence it is about salpicar, to besprinkle; Pg., to corn, to powAnd sparkle out among the fern. Tennyson.

finch long, and not unlike a tadpole. der, from sal, salt, and picar, to prick.) 2. A rushing or bursting forth; a quick In this embryo state it is nourished from a Stuffing; farce; chopped meat or bread, &c., issue; a sudden eruption; specifically, an vitellicle, or umbilical vesicle, suspended used to stuff legs of veal. Bacon. issuing or rushing of troops from a besieged under the belly, containing the red yolk of Salpidæ (salpi-de), n. pl. A family of molplace to attack the besiegers; as, the garri the egg and oil-globules, which constitute luscs, of which Salpa is the typical genus. son made a sally.-3. A spring or darting its food. When about fifty days old it as See SALPA. of intellect, fancy, or imagination; flight; sumes the appearance of a fish, is about Salpingo-pharyngeus (sal-ping" go-fa-rin'sprightly exertion.

1 inch in length, and receives the name of jë-us), n. (Gr. salpingx, a tube or trumpet, These passages were intended for sallies of wit. samlet or parr. It continues in the shallows and pharmgx, the pharynx.) In anat. that

Stilling fleet. 4. An excursion; a trip; a run.

of its native stream till the following spring, part of the palato-pharyngeus muscle which

when it is from 3 to 4 inches long, and is arises from the mouth of the Eustachian Every one shall know a country better that makes known as the May parr. It now descends tube. often sallies into it, and traverses it up and down,

into deeper parts of the river, where the Salpinx (sal’pingks), n. (L.) In anat. the than he that like a mill-horse goes still round in the

weaker fish remain till the end of the second Locke.


Eustachian tube. sarne track. 5. Act of levity or extravagance; wild gaiety;

spring, the stronger ones remaining till the Salsafy (sal'sa-fī). See SALSIFY.

end of the first spring only. When the sea Salsamentarious t (sal'sa-men-ta"ri-us), a. frolic; a going beyond ordinary rules. sally of youth.' Sir J. Denham.

son of its migration arrives, generally the (L. salsa mentarius.] Pertaining to or con

month of Mayor June, the fins have become taining salt; salted. Bailey. Some sallies of levity ought to be imputed to youth, darker and the fish has assumed a silvery Salse (sals), n. [Fr. salse, from L. salsus,

Swift. 6. In arch. a projection; the end of a piece of

hue. It is now known as a smolt or salmon salted.] An eruption of hot acidulated mud timber cut with an interior angle formed by

fry. The smolts now congregate into shoals from a small orifice, generally in volcanic two planes across the fibres, as the feet of

and proceed leisurely seaward. On reaching regions, and frequently accompanied by common rafters.

the estuary they remain in its brackish steam and gases at a high temperature, Sally (salli), v.i. pret. & pp. sallied; ppr.

water for a short time, and then proceed to which act powerfully on the surrounding sallying. (From the noun.) To leap or rush

the open sea.

Of their life there nothing is solid matters, disintegrating and decomposout; to dart or burst forth; specifically, to

known, except that they grow with such ing them, and forming new compounds. In issue suddenly, as a body of troops from a

rapidity that a fish which reaches the estu some districts the gases are inflammable, fortified place, to attack besiegers.

ary weighing, it may be, not more than and flames issue from the orifices. Page. They break the truce, and sally out by night.

2 0zs., may return to it from the sea, after Salsify (sal'si-sī), n. (Fr. salsifis, goat'sDryden.

a few months, as a grilse, weighing 8 or 10 beard.) A plant, Tragopogon porrifolius, Sally-lun, Sally-lunn (salli-lun), n. (From lbs. A grilse under 2 lbs. is called a salmon

called also purple goat's-beard. See GUAT'SSally Lunn, a young woman who sold this peel. At two years and eight months the

BEARD Written also Salsafy. species of bun through the streets of Bath grilse becomes a salmon. The salmon re

Salsilla (sal-silla), n. (Sp., from L. salsus, about the end of the eighteenth century.] turns in preference to the river in which it

salted, sal, salt.) A name of several amarA kind of sweet bun or tea-cake, larger than passed its earlier existence. It has been

yllidaceous plants producing edible tubers, a muffin. It is toasted and eaten hot with known to grow to the weight of 83 lbs.; and belonging to the genus Bomarea, or to butter. more generally it is from 15 to 25 lbs. It

the closely allied genus Alstroemeria One It is a sort of night that's meant for muffins: like. furnishes a delicious dish for the table, and species (B. or A. edulis) is cultivated in the wise crumpets; also sally-luns.

Dickens. is an important article of commerce, the West Indies, its roots being eaten like the Sally-port (sal'li-põrt), n. 1. In fort. a pos rivers of Scotland in particular supplying potato; it is diaphoretic and diuretic. Other tern gate, or a passage under ground from immense quantities for the market. Its flesh

species, such as B. salsilla, are natives of the the inner to the outer works, to afford free is of a pinkish orange colour.

Peruvian Andes, and are pretty twining egress to troops in making a sally, closed by Salmon-colour (sam’un - kul-ér), n. The plants with sbowy flowers. massive gates when not in use.-2. A large colour of the flesh of the salmon.

Salso-acid (sal'so-as-id), a. (L. salsus, salt,




and acidus, acid.) Having a taste com hydrous, that is, they contain a definite Salt (salt), v.t. 1. To sprinkle, impregnate, pounded of saltness and acidness. (Rare.) proportion of water of crystallization; others or season with salt; as, to sali fish, beef, or Salsola (sal'ső-la), n. (New L., from L. sal are dry or anhydrous salts. Some salts at pork.-2. To fill with salt between the tim8U8, salt, in allusion to the alkaline salts tract moisture when exposed to air, and are bers and planks, as a ship, for the preserwhich the species contain.) A genus of called deliquescent; others suffer their water vation of the timber. - To salt an incoice, aeplants, nat, order Chenopodiaceæ; saltwort. to escape, and become opaque or pulveru count, &c., to put on the extreme value on The species are

lent: these are called efflorescent salts. The each article, in some cases in order to be found chiefly on

combination of salts with each other gives able to make what seems a liberal discount the sea-shore in

rise to compounds called double salts, as sul at payment. - To salt a mine, to sprinkle a temperate parts of

phate of calcium and sodium, the boro few grains of gold-dust over an unproducthe world, and also

Huoride of potassium, &c. According to the tive hole, a trick among gold-diggers when in hot parts where

views of modern chemists all true acids they want to obtain a high price for their the soil is saline,

are hydrogen compounds, and all their salts claim from an inexperienced person. or there is salt

compounds of metals with radicals, simple Salt (sąlt), v.i. To deposit salt from a sawater in the vicin

or compound. Hence they define an acid line substance; as, the brine begins to salt. ity. S. Kali, found

to be a compound containing hydrogen, Salt (salt), n. (O.Fr. sault, L. saltus, a on the coasts of

which can be, in whole or in part, replaced leap:) A leap; the act of jumping FriskEurope and many

by metal; and a salt, a compound formed by ing lambs make wanton salts.' 8. Jonson. parts of the world,

replacing the hydrogen of an acid by a Saltant (sal'tant), a. (L. saltans, saltantis, is one of the spe

metal. - Decrepitating salts, those which ppr. of salto, to leap.) 1. Leaping; jumpcies which is burnt

burst when heated, with a crackling noise, ing; dancing.-2. In her, a term applied to for the purpose of

into smaller fragments, as the nitrates of the squirrel, weasel, rat, and all vermin, yielding kelp and

baryta and lead. – Essential salts, those and also to the cat, greyhound, ape, and barilla. It is a

which are procured from the juices of monkey, when in a position springing forbrittle succulent

plants by crystallization. – Fixed salts, those ward. annual, with angu

which are prepared by calcining, then boil. Saltarello (sal-ta-rello), n. [It.] 1. A brisk lar bristly stems

ing the matter in water, straining off the Neapolitan dance somewhat resembling a and small pink

liquor, and evaporating all the moisture, jig. – 2. The music for such a dance, which flowers. It is very Salsola Kali (Prickly

when the salt remains in the form of a is written in triple time.-3. A harpsichord much branched,


powder. – Fusible salt, the phosphate of jack, so called because it jumps on the key and forms a spread

ammonia.-Incompatible salt. See INCOM being struck. ing bush a foot or a foot and a half high. PATIBLE. -Microcosmic salt. See MICRO- Saltate (sal'tāt), v.i. pret. saltated; ppr. S. Soda, found on the coasts of Spain, is COSMIC. — Native salts, mineral bodies re saltating. (L. salto, saltatum, a freq. from employed for the same purpose. Other spe sembling precious stones or gems in their salio, to leap.) To leap; to jump; to skip. cies, on the coasts of the Red Sea, yield external character, and so named to dis (Rare.) soda. S. Kali is a British plant.

tinguish them from artificial salts. -Per- saltation (sal-tā'shon), n. [L. saltatio, salSalsolaceous (sal-so-la'shus), a. Pertaining manent salts, those which undergo no tationis, from salto, a freq. of salio, to leap. ) to the genus Salsola.

change on exposure to the air.- Volatile 1. A leaping or jumping. Salsuginous (sal-sū'jin-us), a. [L. salsugo, salts, such as are procured principally from The locusts being ordained for saltation, their salsuginis, saltness, from sal, salt.) Saltish;

animal substances or the fermented parts hinder legs do far exceed the others. somewhat salt. Boyle. of plants, as the subcarbonate of ammonia.

Sir T. Brootte. Salt (salt), n. (A. Sax. sealt, sall--a word -Salt of lemons, binoxalate of potash: often

2. Beating or palpitation; as, the saltation used to remove stains of iron rust, &c., from

of the great artery. found throughout the Indo-European lan

Wiseman. guages, as Fris. Dan. Sw. Icel. and Goth, salt, linen. The name is also applied to oxalic Saltatores (sal-ta-to'rēz), n. pl. See SALTI

GRADES. D. zout, G. salz, W. halen, Gael.and Ir. salann, acid, used for the same purpose.-Salt of Corn. and Armor. halinn, halen, Rus. soly, Saturn, acetate of lead; sugar of lead: from Saltatoria (sal-ta-to'ri-a), n. pl. [L. saltatoL. sal (hence Fr. sel, It. sale, Sp. sal), Gr. hals Saturn, the alchemistic name of lead.-Salt

rius, leaping. See SALTATION.] The pame (= sals), Skr. sara.] 1. (NaCl) Chloride of of soda, carbonate of soda. --Salt of sorrel.

given by Cuvier to his second family of orthsodium, formerly termed muriate of soda, a Same as Salt of Lemons.-Salt of tartar, car

opterous insects,which have the four anterior substance which has been known, and in bonate of potash, which was first prepared

legs simple and short, and the two hind-legs common use, as a seasoner and preserver of

from cream of tartar. --Salt of tin, a term long, and formed for leaping. It includes food from the earliest ages. It is formed applied by dyers and calico-printers to pro

the crickets, grasshoppers, locusts, &c. when chlorine and sodium or hydrochloric tochloride of tin, which is extensively used Saltatorious (sal-ta-to'ri-us), a. Same as acid and soda come together. It possesses as a mordant, and for the purpose of deox

Saltatory. a crystalline structure, derived from the idizing indigo and the peroxides of iron and Saltatory (sal'ta-to-ri), a. (See above. ) cube, which is its primitive form. It is found manganese.

-Salt of vitriol, sulphate of zinc. Leaping or dancing, or having the power of in immense quantity dissolved in sea-water -Salt of wisdom, a double chloride of mer

leaping or dancing, adapted for leaping. and in the water of salt-springs, and in cury and ammonium.-Salt perlate, phos

The hind-legs of the kangaroo, cricket, &c., smaller quantity in all natural waters, by phate of soda.--Spirit of salt, muriatic or are saltatory. which, indeed, it is carried to the sea, where hydrochloric acid. - 3. Taste; smack; sa

Salt-box (sąltboks), n. A wooden box, it accumulates. Salt is also found abun vour; flavour.

rather deep, with a sloped lid, used for holddantly, as rock-salt, in various countries, Though we are justices, and doctors, and church

ing salt in kitchens, &c. large beds of it (which when worked are men, Master Page, we have some salt of our youth

Salt-butter(sąltbut-ėr),n. Butter seasoned termed salt-mines) being situated between

Shak. with salt to make it keep. Shakspere uses the coal formation and the lias. It is obtained 4. Wit; piquancy; pungency; sarcasm; as,

it as an adjective: Mechanical salt-butter from sea-water by simple evaporation, either Attic salt. --5. That which seasons or gives

rogue' (that is, dealing in salt-butter) spontaneous or with the aid of heat; but flavour; that which preserves from corrup- Saltcake (saltkāk), n. The technical name immense quantities are obtained from the tion.

for the sulphate of soda produced in the salt-mines in the neighbourhood of North

Ye are the salt of the earth.

Mat. v. 13.

manufacture of soda-ash. It is used by wich, in Cheshire, and the salt-springs in 6. A vessel for holding salt; a salt-cellar

soap-boilers and crown-glass makers. Cheshire and Worcestershire furnish a large A dozen of silver salts.' Pepys.

Salt-cat (saltkat), n. A lump of salt, made proportion of the salt made use of in Great

at a salt-work; also, a mixture of gravel,

Another salt was fashioned of silver, in form of a Britain. One chief use of salt is as an an

loam, rubbish of old walls, cummin-seed, Swan in full sail.

Sir W Scott. tiseptic in curing meat; it is also largely

salt, and stale urine, for food to pigeons.

Mortimer. employed as a condiment to food, or rather

7. A marshy place flooded by the tide. (Proas a substance indispensable to digestion.

vincial. )-8. A sailor, especially an old sailor. Salt-cellar (sąlt'sel-ler), n. [A tautological Common salt is the starting-point in the

(Colloq.)- Above or below the salt, phrases term, lit. a salt-salt-dish, cellar here being= manufacture of soda crystals, in the manu

having their origin in the subordination Fr. salière, a salt-cellar, from L. sal, salt] facture of chlorine, &c. It forms a glaze

formerly maintained among persons at the A small vessel used for holding salt on the for coarse pottery; it improves the white

same table. The family salt-cellar, a uten table. ness and clearness of glass; it gives hard

sil of massive silver, was placed near the When any salt is spilt on the table-cloth, shake it middle of the table, and persons of distinc out into the salt-cellar

Swife. ness to soap; it is used as a mordant, and for improving certain colours; and enters

tion were seated above it, while dependants Salt-duty (salt'dū-ti), n. A duty on salt; more or less into many other processes of and inferior guests sat below it. Frequent

in London, a duty formerly payable to the the arts. – 2. In chem. a term the exact reference to this custom is to be found in

lord-mayor, &c., for salt brought to the meaning of which it is difficult to define. In the old dramatists and other early writers.

port of London, being the twentieth part. its widest sense the term salt may be used His fashion is not to take knowledge of him that Salter (salt'ér), n. 1. One who salts; one to include all chemical elements and com

is beneath himn in clothes. He never drinks below
the salt.

B. Jonson

who gives or applies salt.-2. One that sells pounds. It is generally applied, however,

salt. - 3. A drysalter. The incorporated to compounds only, and more particularly -To be worth one's salt, to be worthy of

salters, or drysalters, of London form one of one's hire. to such as readily undergo double decom

the city livery companies. position. The products of such decompo He loved to earn his money: He delighted to be. Saltern (salt'érn), n. A salt-work; a build

lieve.. The

that he was worth his salt, Dickens. sitions are usually also termed salts.

ing in which salt is made by boiling or eve. nomenclature of salts has reference to the Salt (salt), a. 1. Furnished or impregnated poration; more especially, a plot of retenacids from which they are derived

For ex

with salt; abounding in, containing, or pro tive land, laid out in pools and walks, where ample, sulphates, nitrates, carbonates, &c., ducing salt; prepared with or tasting of the sea-water is admitted to be evaporated imply salts of sulphuric, nitric, and car salt; as, salt beef; salt water; a salt spring. by the heat of the sun's rays. E. H. bonic acids. The termination ate implies 2. Overflowed with or growing in salt water; Knight. the maximum of oxygen in the acids, and as, a salt marsh; salt grass or hay. Salt-fish (salt'fish), n. 1. Fish in brine, or ite the minimum. if neither the acid nor 3. Sharp; bitter; pungent. The pride and fish salted and dried.-2. A fish from salt base of a salt be in excess it is termed a salt scorn of his eyes.' Shak.-4. Lecherous; water. neutral salt; if the acid predominate it is salacious. His salt and most hidden loose Salt-foot (salt'fyt), n. A large salt-cellar called an acid salt, and if the base prevail affection.' Shak.-5. Costly; dear; expen formerly placed near the middle of a long it is called a basic salt. Many salts are sive; as, he paid a salt price for it. (Colloq.] table to mark the place of division between


in us.




the superior and the inferior guests. See ponds or in inclosures from the sea. Sim- Salute (sa-lūt'), v.t. pret. & pp. saluted; ppr. under SALT. monds.

saluting. (L. saluto, from L. salus, salutis, Salt-green (sąlt'grēn), a. Green like the Salt-rheum (salt'rům), n. A vague and in health. See SAFE.) 1. To address with exsea.

definite popular name applied to almost all pressions of kind wishes, or in order to show Salt-holder (salthold-er), 12. A salt-cellar. the non-febrile cutaneous eruptions which homage or courtesy; to greet; to hail. 'SaLord Lytton.

are common among adults, except ringworm lute thee for her king.' Shak. Salticus (sal'ti-kus), n. [L. salticus, danc and itch.

If ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more ing, from salio, saltum, to dance.) A genus Salts (salts), n. pl. A colloquial equivalent than others?

Mat. v. 47. of wandering spiders which do not spin of Epsom-salt or other salt used as a medi 2. To greet with a kiss, a wave of the hand, webs, and are to be observed on walls, pal cine. -- Smelling salts, a preparation of car an uncovering of the head, a bow, or the ings, &c., in hot and fine weather. The s. bonate of ammonia with some agreeable like; as, to pass a person without saluting

formicarius is a common British species. scent, as lavender or bergamot, used by him. Addison. - 3. In the army or navy, Saltier (sal'têr), n. Same as Saltire.

ladies as a stimulant and restorative in case to honour, as some day, person, or nation, Saltier (sal'tēr), n. A blunder for Satyr. of faintness.

by a discharge of great guns or small arms, Salt-sea (salt'sė), a. Pertaining to the sea There is three carriers, three shepherds, three

by dipping colours, by shouts, or the like. neat-herds, three swine-herds, that have made them. or ocean. Salt-sea shark.' Shak.

See the noun.-4. To contribute a healthselves all men of hair, they call themselves saltiers, Salt-sedativet (salt'sed-a-tiv), n. Boracic ful influence to; to benefit; to please; to and they have a dance which the wenches say is a acid. Ure.

gratify. gallimaufry of gambols.

Salt - spring (sąlt'spring), n. A spring of

Would I had no being Saltigrada (sal'ti-grā-da), n. pl. [L. saltus, salt-water; a brine-spring.

If this salute my blood a jot. Shak. a leap, and gradior, to walk.) A tribe of Salt-water (salt'wa-tér), n. Water impreg. Salute (sa-lüt), v.i. To perform a salutation; spiders which seize their prey by leaping nated with salt; sea-water.

to greet each other. "Saw them salute on upon it from a distance. Called also salta- Salt-water (salt'wa-tér), a. Pertaining or

horseback.' Shak. tores.

relating to salt-water (that is, the sea); be Salute (sa-lūt'), n. 1. The act of expressing Saltigrade (sal'ti-grād), a. Leaping; formed longing the sea; used at sea; as, salt-water kind wishes or respect; salutation; greeting. for leaping.

phrases. “Thou salt-water thief.' Shak. Saltigrade (sal'ti-grād), n. One of the Salti

O, what avails me now that honour high Salt-work (sąlt'werk), n. A house or place To have conceived of God, or that salute, grada. where salt is made.

Hail, highly favoured, among women blest! Milton, Saltinbanco, Saltimbancot (sal - tin- Saltwort (salt'wert), n. A popular name 2. A kiss. There cold salutes, but here a bangʻko, sal-tim-bang'ko) n. [It. saltim applied to the species of Salsola, and also lover's kiss.' Roscommon.-3. In the army banco, Fr. saltimbanque, a mountebank; It. to Salicornia annua and Glaux maritima.

and navy, a compliment paid when a royal or saltare in banco, to leap on the bench, to See SALSOLA.

other distinguished personage presents himmount on the bench.) A mountebank; a Salty (sal'ti), a. Somewhat salt; saltish.

self, when squadrons or other bodies meet, quack.

Salubrious (sa-lū’bri-us), a. (L. saluber, when officers are buried, and on many other Saltinbancoes, quacksalvers, and charlatans desalubris, from salus, health. Akin safe ceremonial occasions. There are many

modes ceive them

Sir T. Browne.
(which see)) Favourable to health; health-

of giving a salute--firing cannon or small

ful; promoting health; as, salubrious air; Salting (sąlt'ing), n. A salt-marsh.

arms, dipping colours, flags, and topsails, a salubrious climate. Saltire, Saltier (sal'tēr), n. (O. Fr. saul

presenting arms, manning the yards, cheer

The warm lirnbeck draws toir, Mod. Fr. 8autoir,

ing, &c. A royal salute consists in the firing

Salubrious waters from the nocent brood. originally a kind of stir

7. Philips.

of twenty-oneguns, in the lowering by officers rup, from sauter, L. salto,

The climate (of Simla) is considered highly salu

of their sword points, and the dipping of the brious. intens. of salio, to leap. ]

Thorntor's Gas. of India. colours. Such forms of salute as the firing In her. an ordinary in the Syn. Healthful, wholesome, healthy, salu

of guns, lowering of swords, and presenting form of a St. Andrew's tary.

arms, alike render the ship or soldier so cross, formed by two Salubriously (sa-lū'bri-us-li), adv. In a sa

doing powerless for aggression at the time, bends, dexter and sinislubrious manner; so as to promote health.

and thus symbolize friendliness, or the volun. ter, crossing each other. Burke.

tary putting of the party saluting into the Long - shaped charges Salubriousness, Salubrity (sa-lū'bri-us

power of the party saluted. (swords, batons, &c.), Saltire. nes, sa-lū'bri-ti), n. [L. salubritas.] The state

Have you manned the quay to give me the honour placed in the direction or quality of being salubrious: wholesome.

of a salute upon taking command of my ship?

Sir I'. Scott. of the saltire, are said to be borne saltire ness; healthfulness; favourableness to the 4. A gold coin, of the value of 258., struck by wise.

preservation of health; as, the salubrity of Henry V. after his conquests in France. It Saltish (sąlt'ish), a. Somewhat salt; tinc air, of a country or climate.

was so named from the salutation repretured or impregnated moderately with salt. Salue, t v.t. (Fr. saluer, to salute.) To sa sented on it, viz. the Virgin Mary holding a * The saltish surge.' Mir. for Mags. lute. Chaucer.

shield with the arms of France, and the Saltishly (salt'ish-li), adv. With a moderate Salutarily (sal'ū-ta-ri-li), adv. In a salutary angel holding another with the arms of degree of saltness. manner; favourably to health.

France and England quarterly, with the Saltishness (sąlt'ish-nes), n. The state or Salutariness (sal'ü-ta-ri-nes), n. 1. The word 'Ave!'(Haill) in a scroll. Salutes were quality of being saltish.

quality of being salutary or of contributing also coined in the reign of Henry VI. Salt-junk (salt'jungk), n. Dry salt beef for to health; wholesomeness. Johnson.-2. The Saluter (sa-lüt'ér), n. One who salutes. use at sea.

quality of promoting good or prosperity. Salutiferous (sal-ū-tiffér-us), a. (L. salutSaltless (sąlt'les), a. Destitute of salt; in- Salutary (sal'ū-ta-ri), a. [Fr. salutaire ; ifer - salus, health, and fero, to bring. ) sipid.

L. salutaris, from salus, salutis, health, Bringing health; healthy; salutary. The Salt-lick (sąlt'lik), n. A salt-spring. (United safety.) 1. Wholesome; healthful; promot gentle salutiferous air of Montpellier.' DenStates.) ing health.

nis. (Rare.) Saltly (salt'li), adv. In a salt manner; with The gardens, yards, and avenues are dry and Salutiferously (sal-ū-tif'er-us-li), adv. In the taste of salt.

clean; and so more salutary as more elegant. Ray. a salutiferous manner. Cudworth. (Rare.) Salt - marsh (sąlt'märsh), n. Land under

2. Promotive of or contributing to some

Salvability (sal-va-bil'i-ti), n. The state of pasture-grasses or herbage plants, subject beneficial purpose.

being salvable; the possibility of being to be overtlowed by the sea, or by the waters

saved. of estuaries, or the outlets of rivers which,

He had no doubt passed salutary laws; but what

assurance was there that he would not break them? Why do we Christians so fiercely argue against the in consequence of proximity to the sea, are

Macaulay. salvability of each other, as if it were our wish that all more or less impregnated with salt. SYN. Wholesome, healthful, salubrious,

should be damned but those of our particular sect? Salt-mine (salt'min), n. A mine where rock beneficial, useful, advantageous, profitable. Salvable (salva-bl), a. [From L. salvo, sal

Dr. H. More. salt is obtained.

Salutation (sal-u-tā'shon), n. (Fr., from Saltness (salt'nes), n. The quality or state

vatum, to save, from salvus, safe.) Capable L. salutatio. See SALUTE.] The act of salutof being salt or impregnated with salt; as,

of being saved; admitting of salvation. ing or paying respect or reverence by the the saltness of sea-water or of provisions. customary words or actions; the act of greet

Our wild fancies about God's decrees have in event * The difference between saltness and bit ing; also, that which is done or uttered in the

reprobated more than those decrees, and have bid fair

to the damning of many whom those left salvable. terness." Bacon. act of saluting or greeting. It may consist

Dr. H. More. Salt-pan (salt'pan), n. A large shallow pan

in the expression of kind wishes, bowing, Salvableness (sal'va-bl-nes), n. State of or vessel in which salt-water or brine is eva shaking hands, embracing, uncovering the being salvable. porated in order to obtain salt. The term head, or the like.

Salvably (sal'va-bli), adv. In a salvable is also applied, especially in the plural, to

The early village cock

manner. salt-works and to natural or artificial ponds Hath twice done salutation to the morn. Shak. Salvadora (sal-va-do'ra), n. A genus of or sheets of water in which salt is produced In all public meetings or private addresses, use plants, nat. order Salvadoraceæ. They have by evaporation.

the forms of salutation, reverence, and decency, stems with slightly swollen joints, opposite Saltpetre (salt'pē-tér), n. (Salt, and Gr. pe usual among the most sober persons. Fe. Taylor.

entire leaves, and loose branching panicles tros, a stone.) A salt, called also Nitre, and SYN. Greeting, salute, address.

of small flowers. S. persica is supposed to in chemical nomenclature Nitrate of Potas

Salutatorian (sa-lü'ta-to'ri-an), n. In the be the mustard plant of Scripture, which has sium or Potassic Nitrate. See NITRE. United States, the student of a college who very small seeds, and grows into a tree. Its Saltpetrous (sąlt-pē'trus), a. Pertaining to pronounces the salutatory oration at the an fruit is succulent and tastes like garden cress. saltpetre or partaking of its qualities; im. nual commencement or like exercises.

The bark of the root is acrid. pregnated with saltpetre.

Salutatortly (sa-lu'ta-to-ri-li), adv. By way Salvadoraceæ (sal'va-do-rā"sē-), n. pl. A Salt-pit (salt'pit), n. A pit where salt is of salutation.

small nat. order of monopetalous dicotygot; a salt-pan.

Salutatory (sa-lū’ta-to-ri), a. Greeting. In ledons, allied to Oleacea and Jasminaceæ. Salt-radical (sąlt-rad'i-kal), n. In chem the United States, an epithet applied to the The few known species are found in India, a simple or compound substance capable of oration which introduces the exercises of Syria, and North Africa. The genus Salvacombining with a metal or compound sub the commencements in colleges.

dora is the type. See SALVADORA. stance, as ammonium, which may take the Salutatory + (sa-lu'ta-to-ri), n. Place of Salvage (sal'vāj), n. (Fr., from L.L. salvaplace of a metal.

greeting; å vestibule; a porch. *Coming to gium, from L. salvus, safe.] 1. The act of Salt-raker (salt-rāk'ér), n. One employed the bishop with supplication into the saluta saving a ship or goods from extraordinary in raking or collecting salt in natural salt tory, some out-porch of the church.' Milton. danger, as from the sea, fire, an enemy, or




the like.—2. In commercial and maritime Salver-shaped (salvėr-shāpt), a. In bot. ancient musical instrument, described by law, (a) an allowance or compensation a term applied to a monopetalous corolla some writers as a wind-instrument and by to which those persons are entitled by whose having the tube short and

others as stringed. The name has been apvoluntary exertions ships or goods have the limb spreading out

plied to instruments such as a lyre, a dulbeen saved from the dangers of the sea, fire, flat, as in the priinrose.

cimer, a triangular harp or trigon, but it pirates, or enemies. The crew of a ship are Salvia (sal'vi-a), 11. (L.,

seems to have been chiefly applied to a large not entitled to salvage for any extraordinary from salro, to save-in allu

Asiatic harp. Stainer & Barrett. efforts they may have made in saving their sion to the reputed healing

Sambur (sam'bur), n. Same as Samboo. own vessel If the salvors and the parties virtues of the plant.) A

Same (säm), a. (A. Sax. same, used only as an from whom salvage is claimed cannot agree, genus of plants, including

adverb, in such phrases as sud sa me sue, the a competent court has to fix the sum to the common sage.


same as; as an adjective it is probably borbe paid and adjust the proportions, which SAGE.

Corolla. rowed from the Scandinavian ; Icel, samr, vary according to circumstances. () That Salvific (sal-vif'ik), a. [L.

Dan, and Sw. samme, 0. Sax. and Goth. sama; portion of the property saved from danger salvus, safe, and facio, to make.) Tending cog. L. similis, like, simul, together; Gr. or destruction by the extraordinary and to save or secure safety. (Rare and obso hama, together, homos, the same; Skr. sama, voluntary exertions of the salvors. lete.)

like, equal, entire.) 1. Identical; not differSalvage f (salvaj), a. (0. Fr. saulvage. See Salvo (salvo), n. [From the L. salvo jure, ent or other; as, the same man, or the selfSAVAGE.] Savage; rude; cruel.

the right being intact,' an expression used same man I saw yesterday. The very same Salvage † (sal' vaj), n. A savage or wild in reserving rights.) An exception; reserva man.' Shak. person. tion; an excuse. Any private salvves or

The Lord Jesus, the same night in which he was Salvagesset (sal'va-jes), N. Savageness; evasions.' Addison.

betrayed, took bread.

1 Cor. xi. 23 wildness. Spenser.

They admit many salvos, cautions, and reservations. By happy chance we saw Salvatella (sal-va-tella), n. [It., dim. of

Eikon Basiliki.

A twofold image; on a grassy bank

A snow-white ram, and in the crystal food L. salvator, from salvo, salvatum, to save.] Salvo (salvo), n. [Fr. salve, It. salva, a salvo,

Another and the same!

Wordsworth A vein situated on the back of the hand, a salute, from L. salve, hail, salvus, safe.] near its inner margin, so called because the 1. A general discharge of guns intended for

2. Of the identical kind, species, or degree : ancients recommended it to be opened in a salute.

equal; exactly similar, though not the spe

cific thing; as, the horse of one country is certain diseases, as melancholic and hypo

On the King's arrival at the camp, he was received

the same animal as the horse of another chondriacal affections, the abstraction of with the honours of a victor; with flourishes of trum. blood from it having considerable etficacy pets, salvos of artillery, and the loud shouts of the country; we see in men in all countries the in the cure of disease. Dunglison.


Prescott. same passions and the same vices. Salvation (sal-vā'shon), n. [). Fr. salvation, 2. A concentrated fire from a greater or

Th' ethereal vigour is in all the same. Dryden. from L. salvo, salvatum, to save, from sal less number of pieces of artillery, for the

Skinner, it is well known, held the same political

opinions with his illustrious friend. Macaulay vus, safe, same root as salus, salutis, safety purpose of breaching, &c., the simultaneous (whence salute).] 1. The act of saving; pre concussion of a number of cannon-balls on 3. Just mentioned, or just about to be menservation from destruction, danger, or great masonry, or even earth-work, producing a

tioned or denoted. “That same word rebelcalamity. -2. The redemption of man from very destructive result.-3. The combined lion.' Shak. This same sober-blooded boy.' the bondage of sin and liability to eternal shouts or cheers of a multitude, generally

Shak. Often used for the sake of emphasis death and the conferring on him everlast expressive of honour, esteem, admiration, or the expression of contempt or vexation. ing happiness; attainment of eternal bliss; &c.; as, salros of applause.

*Run after that same peevish messenger.' the bliss of heaven. "To earn salvation for Sal-volatile (sal-vö-lat'i-le), n. See under

Shak. A pound of that same merchant's the sons of men.' Milton. High in salva SAL

flesh is thine.' Shak. tion and the climes of bliss.' Milton.

Salvor (sal'vor), n. One who saves a ship or Whatsoever is done to my brother fif he be a goods from wreck, destruction by fire, or

Christian man) the same is done to me. Godly sorrow worketh repentance to salvation,

Tyndale. 2 Cor. vii, 10. the like.

A ring he hath of mine worth forty ducats,

And for the same he promised me a chain. Shuat 3. Manifestation of saving power. Samt (sam), adv. (See SAME.) Together.

Do but think how well the same he spends, Fear ye not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Spenser.

Who spends his blood his country to reliere. Lord, which he will shew to you to-day. Ex. xiv. 13. Samara (sam'a-ra), n.

Daniel 4. That which saves; the cause of saving. (L. samara, samera,

-All the same, nevertheless; notwithstandthe seed of the elm.]

ing; in spite of all. The Lord is my light and my salvation. Ps. xxvii. 1. An indehiscent supe

We see persons make good fortunes by them all Salvatoryt (salva-to-ri), n. [Fr. salvatoire. rior fruit, being a

the same.

Disrael. See SALVATION.) A place where things are few -seeded indehis

Samara of the Common This word is always preceded by the depreserved; a repository. “In what saivato cent dry nut, elon


monstrative words the, this, that, &c.] ries or repositories the species of things gated into wing-like

Samet (săm), adv. Together. past are conserved.' Sir M. Hale. expansions, as in the fruit or key of the

Sameness (sām'nes), n. 1. The state of being Salve (såv or salv), n. (A. Sax. seals, a salve, ash-tree, elm, maple, &c.

the same ; absence of difference: identity; an ointment; D. zalve, Dan, salve, G. salbe, Samare (sa-mar), n. (See SIMARRE.) A kind

as, the sameness of an unchangeable being O.H.G. salba, salve, ointment. See verb.) of jacket anciently worn by ladies, having a

2. Near resemblance; correspondence; simi1. An adhesive composition or substance to loose body and four side-laps or skirts ex

larity; as, a sameness of manner.-3. Want be applied to wounds or sores; a healing tending to the knee. Randle Holme. Writ

of variety; tedious monotony; as, the sameointment. -2. Help; remedy. ten also Samarra, Semmar, &c.

ness of objects in a landscape. With weary If they shall excommunicate me, hath the doctrine

Samaritan (sa-mar'i-tan), a. 1. Pertaining sameness in the rhymes.' Tennyson.-SIX. of neckness any salve for me then? Hammond. to Samaria, the principal city of the ten Identity, identicalness, oneness. Salve (säv or salv), v.t. pret. & pp. salved;

tribes of Israel, belonging to the tribe of Samester, Samestre (sa-mes'ter), n. A va

Ephraim, and after the captivity of those ppr. salving. (A. Sax. sealjian, from the noun;

riety of coral. Simmonds. tribes repeopled by Cuthites from Assyria Samettet (sa-met'), n. cog. Dan. salve, 0. Sax. ard Goth. salbón;

Same as Samite. from root sal, whence L. salvus, safe, &c.]

or Chaldea. — 2. Applied to the characters Samian (sā'mi-an), a. Of or pertaining to 1. To apply salve to; to heal by applications of a kind of ancient Hebrew writing proba

the isle of Samos. or medicaments; to cure by some remedy.

bly in use before, and partly after, the
Babylonish exile.

Fill high the cup with Samian wine. Byron
May salve the long-grown wounds.' Shak.
Samaritan (sa-mar'i-tan), n. 1. A native or

---Samian earth, the name of an argillaceMany skilful leeches him abide inhabitant of Samaria, or one that belonged

ous earth found in the island of Samos, and To salve his wounds. Spenser. to the sect which derived their appellation

formerly used in medicine as an astringent. 2. To help; to remedy. from that city. Jn. iv. 9.-2. The language

Samian letter. Same as Pythagorean of Samaria, a dialect of the Chaldean --3. A

But Ebrank salved both their infamies

With noble deeds.
Spenser. charitable or benevolent person: in allusion

When reason doubtful, like the Samian letter,

Points him two ways. to the character of the good Samaritan' in

Pape. 3. To help or remedy by a salvo, excuse, or reservation. Milton. (Rare.) the parable.

-Samian stone, a stone found in the island Salvet (salv), v.t. [L. salve, hail, God save Samaroid (sam'a-roid), a. Resembling a

of Samos, used for polishing by goldsmiths, sanara. See SAMARA.

&c.-Samian ware, a name given to an anyou.) To salute.

Samarra (sa-mar'a), n. Same as Samare. cient kind of pottery made of Samian earth By this the stranger knight in presence came, Samaveda (sa'ma-ve-da), n. The name of

or other fine earth. The vases are of a And goodly salved thein,

one of the four Vedas, or sacred hymns of

bright red or black colour, covered with a Salve (salv), v.t. [From the noun salvage.] Hindustan. The Samaveda means the Veda

lustrous siliceous glaze, with separatelyTo save, as a ship or goods, from danger or containing samans or hymns for chanting. moulded ornaments attached to them. destruction, as from shipwreck, fire, or the Sambo (sambo), n. The offspring of a black Samian (sā'mi-an), n. A native or inhabitlike; as, to salve a cargo. Scotsman news person and a mulatto; a zambo.

ant of Samos. paper.

Samboo (sam'bu), n. The East Indian name Samiel (sá'mi-el), n. The Turkish name for Salver (sal'vér), n. [Sp. salva, a salver; also of the Indian elk (Rusa aristotelis), a large the simoom (which see). Used adjectively: the previous tasting of a great man's food and powerful animal, nearly 5 eet high, of Burning and headlong as the Samiel wind. by a servant to see that it is wholesome, a deep brown colour, with the hair of the

Moore. from L. salvus, safe. ) A kind of tray or neck almost developed into a mane. It is Samiot, Samiote (sā'mi-ot), 72. and a. Same waiter for table service, or on which any generally a savage and morose creature, be as Samian. thing is presented to a person.

ing especially vicious when it is decorated Samite (sa'mit), n. 10. Fr. samit, from LL. Salver (säv'ér), n. One who salves or cures, with its powerful horns, which do not attain samitum, from Gr. heramiton-her, sis, and or one who pretends to cure; as, a quack their full size till the eighth year of the ani. mitos, a thread.) In anc, costume, a rich salver. mal. This species inhabits the great forests

silk stuff interwoven with gold or embroi. Salve Regina (sal'vē rē-ji'na), n. (L., Hail, of Northern India, and the mountains above

dered. Queen (of Heaven). ] One of the most popu them. Called also Sambur.

A robe

or Samite without price, that more exprest lar prayers of the Roman Catholic Church, Sambucus (sam-bū'kus), n. (L., elderwood. ]

Than hid her, clung about her lissome limbs. so named from its first words, forming part A genus of trees, natives of Europe and

Tennyson of the daily breviary, but still more used North America. See ELDER.

Samlet (samlet), n. [Dim. of salmon.) Anfor private devotion.

Sambuke (sam būk), n. [L. sambuca.) An other name for the parr. See PARR

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