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SCHOLARSHIP

790

SCHOONER

Scholarship (skoi'er-ship). n. 1. The char struction is imparted to the young.--2. The School-committee (sköl’kom-mit-të), n. A acter and qualities of a scholar; attainments collective body of pupils in any place of in committee charged with the supervision of in science or literature; erudition; learning, struction, and under the direction of one or schools. A man of my master's understanding anıl more teachers; as, to teach a school; to have School-dame (sköl'dām), 1. The female great scholarship, who had a book of his a large school. - 3. One of the seminaries teacher of a school. own in print.' Pope.-2. Education; teach founded in the middle ages for teaching School-days (sköl’dáz), n. pl. The time of ing

logic, metaphysics, and theology, and which life during which children attend school; This place should be school and university, not were characterized by academical disputa time passed at school. needing a remove to any other house of scholarship. tions and subtilties of reasoning.

Is all forgot?
Milton.

All school-days' friendship, childhood, innocence? 3. An exhibition or maintenance for a scholar Philosophy was no longer confined to the schools

Shas. and to prelections.

FD. Morell. at some educational institution; foundation

School-district (sköl'dis-trikt), n. A divi. for the support of a student.

4. A session of an institution of instruction; sion of a town or city for establishing and A scholarship not half maintains,

exercises of instruction; school work. managing schools. And college rules are heavy chains. Varton.

How now, Sir Hugh? no school to-day? Skak. School-divine (sköl'di-vin), n. One who Scholastic (sko-las'tik), a. (L. scholasticus. ] 5. A large room or hall in English univer

espouses the scholastic theology; one of the 1. Pertaining to or suiting a scholar, school,

schoolmen. sities where the examinations for degrees School-divinity (sköldi-vin-i-ti), n. or schools; like or characteristic of a scholar;

Schoand honours take place.-6. The disciples or as, scholastic manners; scholastic learning

lastic divinity or theology. followers of a teacher; those who hold a 2. Pertaining to or characteristic of the

School-doctor (sköl'dok-tér), n. One of the common doctrine or accept the same teachschools or schoolmen of the middle ages ;

schoolmen. Latimer. ings or principles; a sect or denomination relating to the mediaval philosophers and in philosophy, theology, science, art, &c.;

Schooleryt(skol'ér-i), 12. Something taught; divines who adopted the system of Aristhe system of doctrine as delivered by par

precepts. Spenser. totle, and spent much time on points of

School-fellow (sköl'fel-lo), n. One bred at ticular teachers; as, the Socratic school; the nice and abstract speculation.

the same school; an associate in school. painters of the Italian school; the musicians The Aristotelian philosophy, even in the hands of of the German school.

The emulation of school-fellow's often puts life and industry into young lads.

Lxku. the master, was like a barren tree, that conceals its

Let no man be less confident in his faith concernwant of fruit by profusion of leaves. But the scholastic ontology was much worse.

A girl belonging What could be

ing the great blessings God designs in these divine School-girl (skölgėrl), n. more trilling than disquisitions about the nature of

mysteries by reason of any difference in the several to a school.
schools of Christians.

Fer. Taylor. angels, their modes of operation, their incans of con

School-house (sköl'hous), n. 1. A house apversing?

Hallam.
7. A system or state of matters prevalent at

propriated for use as a school.-2. A schoolHence-3. Characterized by excessive sub a certain time; method or cast of thought;

master's or schoolmistress' dwelling-house. tilty or needlessly minute subdivisions; pe system of training generally.

Schooling (sköl'ing), . 1. Instruetion in dantic; formal. 'A matter of conscience,

school; tuition.

He was a lover of the good old school, and not a scholastic nicety.' Stillingsleet. Who still become more constant as they cool.

To him, and all of us, the expressly appointed

Byron. Scholastic (skő-las'tik),n. One who adheres

schoolmasters and schoolings are as nothing.

Carlyle. to the method or subtilties of the schools 8. Any place of discipline, improvement, or schoolmen of the middle ages. instruction, or training. The world,

2. Compensation for instruction; price or The scholastics did not understand Aristotle, best school of best experience.' Milton.

reward paid to an instructor for teaching

pupils.-3. Reproof; reprimand. whose original writings they could not read: but his

Ye prim adepts in scandal's school,

You shall go with me, name was received with implicit faith. Hallam.

Who rail by precept and detract by rule.

Sheridan.

I have some private schooling for you both. Shak. Scholastical+ (sko-las'tik-al), a. Same as

-Common school, the name in the United School-inspector (sköl'in-spek-tér), 7. An Scholastic. "The most strict and scholas

States for a primary or elementary school, official appointed by a government to extical sense of the word.' Barrow. Scholastically (sko-las'tik-al-li), adv.

supported by a general rate.--High school, amine schools and determine whether the In a

a name of rather indefinite application, de education conveyed in them is satisfactory, scholastic manner; according to the nice

noting generally a school in which a supe- School-ma'am (sköl’mäm), n. A schoolties vr method of the metaphysical schools

rior education can be obtained; sometimes mistress. (New England. ] of the middle ages. Moralists or casuists

the chief public school in a town. - Normal Schoolmaid (sköl'mad), n. A girl at school. that treat scholastically of justice.' South.

school. See NORMAL.- Parochial schools, in Shak. Scholasticism (sko-las'ti-sizm), n. The sys Scotland, those schools established in the Schoolman (sköl'man), a. A man versed in tem of philosophy taught by the schoolmen

different parishes, in accordance with legis the niceties of academical disputation, or of or philosophers of the middle ages. See

lative enactments, for the purpose of fur school divinity. The schoolmen were phiSCHOOLMAN.

nishing a cheap education for the mass of losophers and divines of the middle ages Scholiast (skö'li-ast), n. (Gr. scholiastës.

the people. Such schools are now called who adopted the principles of Aristotle, and See SCHOLIUM.] One who makes scholiums;

public schools, and the management of them spent much time on points of nice and aba commentator; an annotator; especially an

transferred from the heritors and presbytery stract speculation. They were so called be. ancient grammarian who annotated the

to school-boards. In England public schools cause they taught originally in the schools classics. Quotations from Talmudists and

is a name of not very definite application, of divinity established by Charlemagne. scholiasts.' Macaulay.

by which a certain number of schools are Unlearn'd, he knew no schoolmar's subtile art. The title of this satyr in some ancient manuscripts designated, such as Eton, Winchester, West

Page. was the reproach of idleness, though in others of the scholiasts 'tis inscribed against the luxury of the minster, Harrow, Rugby, Shrewsbury, &c.

Schoolmaster (sköl'mas-tér), n. 1. The man rich,

Dryden. They are such as confer a classical educa who presides over and teaches a school; a Scholiastic (sko-li-as'tik), a. Pertaining to

tion, are attended by a large number of boys, teacher, instructor, or preceptor of a school. a scholiast or his pursuits. Swift. and are frequented by children of persons Adrian VI. was sometime schoolmaster to Charles

V. of rank and wealth.

xelles, Scholiazet (sko’li-az), v.i. pret. & pp. scholiazed; ppr. scholiazing. To write scholia School (skol), a. 1. Relating to a school or to 2. One who or that which disciplines, in. or notes on an author's works. (Rare.)

education; as, a school custom.-- 2. Pertain. structs, and leads.

ing to the schoolmen; scholastic; as, school The law was our schoolmaster to bring us unto He thinks to scholiaze upon the gospel. Milton. divinity; a school divine.

Christ.

Gal. iii. 24. Scholical? (skol'ik-al), a. Scholastic. Sir

School (skol), v.t. 1. To instruct; to train; --The schoolmaster abroad, a phrase first M. Hales. to educate; to discipline.

used by Lord Brougham to express the genScholion (skö'li-on), n. Same as Scholium.

He's gentle, never school'd, yet learn'd. Shak. eral diffusion of education and of intelliSpenser.

This person is one of the ablest and most celebrated Scholium (skö'li-um), n. pl. Scholiums

gence resulting from education. princes in eastern history, endowed with the greatest Let the soldier be abroad if he wHI: he can do skoʻli-umz), L. pl. Scholia (skoli-a). [Gr. capacity and schooled in adversity. Brougham, nothing in this age. There is another personage scholion, from scholē, leisure, lucubration.] 1. A marginal note, annotation, or remark; 2. To teach with superiority; to tutor; to

abroad - a person less imposing - in the eyes of chide and admonish; to reprove.

some, perhaps, insignificant. The schoolmaster is an explanatory comment; specifically, an

abroad; and I trust to him, armed with his primer, explanatory remark annexed to the Latin

School your child,

against the soldier in full military array. and Greek authors by the early grammaAnd ask why God's anointed he reviled.

Brougko».

Dryden. Schoolmate (sköl'mät), n. One of either rians.-2. In geom, a remark or comment

School (sköl), n. [Same word as shoal.) A sex who attends the same school. upon one or more preceding propositions, shoal or compact body; as, a school of fishes. Schoolmistress (sköl'mis-tres), n. 1. The tending to show their use, connection, li Spelled also Scull. (Provincial English and mistress of a school, a female who governs mitations, or the manner of their applica American.)

and teaches a school. -- 2. She who or that tion.

School-author (sköl'a-thor), n. An old which teaches. Nature, that exact schoolScholyt (skö'li), n., A scholium. Without

name for one of the schoolmen. Latimer mistress.' Dryden. scholy or gloss.' Hooker.

calls them school-doctors.

School-room (sköl’röm), n. A room for Scholyt (skoʻli), v.i. To write comments. School-board (sköl'bord), n. A body of teaching

The preacher should want a text, whereupon to managers elected by the ratepayers, male school-ship (skölship), n. A ship on board scholy.

Hooker.

and female, in a town or parish, to provide of which a nautical reform school or training School (skol), n. _[A. Sax. scól, O. E. ecole, adequate means of instruction for every school is kept, in which boys are appren0.Fr. escole, from L. schola, from Gr. scholë, child in the district, with the power of com ticed and receive their education at state leisure, that in which leisure is employed, pelling the attendance of the children at expense, and are trained for service as discussion, philosophy, a place where spare school, unless their education is satisfac sailors; a training ship. time is employed, a school.) 1. A place or torily provided for otherwise.

School-taught (sköltat), a. Taught at or house in which persons are instructed in School-book (sköl'bùk), n. A book used in in school. School-taught pride.' Goldsmith. arts, science, languages, or any species of schools.

School-teacher (sköl’tech-er), 1. One who learning; an institution for learning; an School-boy (skölboi), n. A boy belonging gives regular instruction in a school. educational establishment; a school-room. to or attending a school.

School-teaching (skol'těch-ing), 17. The In modern usage the term is applied to any Then the whining school-boy, with his satchel,

business of instruction in a school. place or establishment of education, as day And shining morning face, creeping like snail School-theology (sköl'thé-ol-o-ji), n. Schoschools, grammar schools, academies, col Unwillingly to school.

Shak.

lastic divinity: leges, universities, &c.; but it is generally School-bred (sköl’bred), a. Educated in a Schooner (skön'ér), 12. [It seems to have restricted to places in which elementary in school Cowper.

been proved beyond controversy that the

SCHORIST

791

SCILLA

name, like the vessel itself, is of American pan, where it has been cultivated from time employed and exemplified in dealing with origin, being from a New England word immemorial round the temples. The trunk concrete phenomena, as opposed to pure 8coon, to skim or skip upon the water, to rises to a height of 100 to 150 feet, and the science, as mathematics, when it treats of make ducks and drakes. The first vessel of habit is pyramidal. It is evergreen and laws or general statements apart from parthe kind is said to have been built at Glou highly ornamental.

ticular instances. The term pure science is cester, Mass., by Captain Andrew Robinson, Sciana (sí-ē'na), n. A genus of fishes, the also applied to a science built on self-evident about 1713; and the name was given to it type of the family Sciænidæ.

truths, and thus comprehends mathematical from the following circumstance:-Captain Sclænidæ (si-ê'ni-de), n. pl. [Gr. skiaina, science as opposed to natural or physical R. had constructed a vessel, which he masted an umber, a grayling, and eidos, resem science, which rests on observation and exand rigged in the manner that schooners blance.) A family of acanthopterous fishes, periment. - Natural science is that branch now are, and on her going off the stocks the type of which is the genus Sciæna. They of science which investigates the nature and into the water a bystander cried out, 'O,

properties of material objects, and the phehow she scoons!' Ř. instantly replied, A

nomena of nature. See under NATURAL. scooner let her be;' and from that time this

- Physical science, a term used in much the class of vessels has gone by that name. The

same sense as natural science, or as equivaname appears to have been originally spelled

lent to physics (which see).-Moral science 8cooner, and to have been altered from an

is that which treats of all mental phenomena, idea that the word was Dutch and derived

or, in a narrower sense, the same as moral from schoon, G. schön, beautiful. Scoon may

philosophy or ethics. The seven sciences be the A. Sax. scũnian, to shun.) 1. A vessel

Sciana aquila (Maigre)

of antiquity were grammar, logic, rhetoric, with two masts, and her chief sails fore-and

arithmetic, geometry, music, and astronomy. aft sails, her mainsail and foresail being are closely related to the Perches, but

Good sense, which only is the gift of Heaven, suspended by a gaff, like a sloop's mainsail, and stretched below by a boom. A fore-andboth the vomer and palatines are without

Although no science, fairly worth the seven. Pope. teeth, the bones of the cranium and face

Science deals with phenomena. By his faculties of aft schooner has either all her sails fore-and

perception, comparison, and generalization, man dis. are generally cavernous, and form a muzzle aft sails, or she may have a square-sail which

covers the sequences, uniformities, co-relations, and more or less protruding. Only two species differences of these phenomena, and groups them can be set when required on the foremast. are reckoned as British, the maigre and the

into so-called 'laws of nature. This is the magnifiA top-sail schooner carries a square foretopbearded umbrina, both excellent for the

cent, unending work of science.

Fraser's Mag. sail, and often likewise a topgallant-sail and

Since all phenomena which have been sufficiently table, as are many others of the family. royal. Some schooners have three masts,

examined are found to take place with regularity, Some members of the family possess a rebut they have no tops. No kind of sailing

each having certain fixed conditions, positive and markable power of emitting sounds, as the negative, on the occurrence of which it invariably vessel is swifter than the schooner; and this

maigre and drum-fish (which see). The happens, mankind have been able to ascertain Sciænidæ are divided into many genera, and

the conditions of the occurrence of many phenomena; are widely distributed.

and the progress of science mainly consists in ascertaining these conditions.

7. S. Mill. Sciænurus (si-z-nū'rus), 1h. (Gr. skiaina, an

3. Art derived from precepts or built on umber, a grayling, and oura, à tail. ) A genus of fossil fishes, representing the perch and

principles; skill resulting from training; other allied forms. Its remains are very

special, exceptional, or pre-eminent skill. common in the London clay of the Isle of

Nothing but his science, coolness, and great strength

in the saddle could often have saved him from some Sheppey.

terrible accident.

Lawrence. Sciagraph (si'a-graf), n. (See SCIAGRAPHY.]

-The science, the art of boxing; pugilism.
The section of a building to show its inside.

(Slang.)
Sciagraphic, Sciagraphical (ss-a-graf'ik,
si-a-graf'ik-al), a. Pertaining to sciagraphy.

Up to that time he had never been aware that he had the least notion of the science.

Dickens. Sciagraphically (sī-a-graf'ik-al-li), adv. În a sciagraphical manner.

4. An object of study; a branch of knowSciagraphy (si-ag'ra-fi), n. (Gr. skiagraphia

ledge. -skia, a shadow, and grapho, to describe.]

To instruct her fully in those sciences,

Whereof I know she is not ignorant. Shak,
1. The act or art of correctly delineating
shadows in drawing; the art of sketching

-Art, Science. See under ART.
Topsail Schooner.

objects with correct shading.– 2. In arch. Science (si'ens), v.t. To cause to become

the profile or section of a building to ex versed in science; to instruct; to make rig is therefore very often used for yachts. hibit its interior structure; a sciagraph.

skilled. (Rare.] 2. A tall glass used for lager-beer or ale, and 3. In astron. the art of finding the hour of

Deep scienced in the mazy lore containing about double the quantity of an the day or night by the shadows of objects,

of mad philosophy.

P. Francis. ordinary tumbler. (United States.)

caused by the sun, moon, or stars; the art Scient (si'ent), a. (L. sciens, scientis, ppr. of Schorist (sho'rist), n. A name formerly of dialling.

scio, to know.) Skilful; knowing. given to the more advanced students in Sciamachy (sí-am'ak-i), n. See SCIOMACHY. Scienter (si-en'tėr), adv. (L.) In law, knowGerman Protestant universities who made Sciatheric, Sciatherical (si-a-thē'rik, si-a ingly; wilfully. fags of the younger students. See PENNAL. thē'rik-al), a. (Gr. skiathēras, a sun-dial, Sciential (si-en'shal), a. Pertaining to Schori, Shorl (shorl), n. [G. schörl, Sw. from skin, a shadow, and thëra, a catching. I science; producing science or knowledge. skörl, perhaps from skör, Dan. skiör, brittle. ) Belonging to a sun-dial. Also written "Sciential rules.' Milton. A mineral usually occurring in the sparry Sciotheric.

Scientific (si-en-tif'ik), a. (Fr. scientifique; cavities and veins of the granitic rocks, and Sciatherically (sī-a-thē'rik-al-li), adv. In L. scientia, knowledge, and facio, to make.] often found embedded in felspar and quartz. a sciatheric manner.

1. Pertaining to or used in science; as, scienIt is a prismatic, longitudinally-striated Sciatic (si-at'ik), n. Same as Sciatica.

tific nomenclature; a scientific instrument. mineral, of a pitchy lustre and colour, brit- Sciatic, Sciatical (si-at’ik, si-at'ik-al), a. 2. Evincing or endowed with a knowledge tle texture, and is capable of being rendered 1. Pertaining to the hip; as, the sciatic ar of science; containing or treating of science; electric by heat or friction. Known also as tery or nerve.-- 2. Affecting the hip; as, well versed in science; as, a scientific physiBlack Tourmaline.-Blue schorl, a variety sciatic pains.

cian; a scientific work. of hauyne. — Red and titanic schorl, names Sciatica (si-at’ik-a), n. [L.L. sciatica, from Bossuet is as scientific in the structure of his serof rutile. Violet schorl, axinite. White Gr. ischiadikos, from ischias, a pain in the tences.

Landor. schorl, albite.-Schorl rock, an aggregate of hips, from ischion, the hip.) Neuralgia of 3. According to the rules or principles of schorl and quartz. Sir C. Lyell.

the sciatic nerve. It is one of the most ob science; as, a scientific arrangement of Schorlaceous (shor-la'shus), a. Schorlous. stinate forms of neuralgia, and if protracted fossils. Schorlite (shori'īt), n. Same as Pycnite. produces emaciation of the limb affected, Scientificalt (si-en-tif'ik-al), a. Scientific. Schorlous (shorl'us), a. Pertaining to or with weakness, and a more or less perma All kind of scientifical knowledge.' Howell. containing schorl; possessing the properties nent flexion. It is a frequent complication Scientifically (si-en-tif'ik-al-li), adv. In a of schorl. -Schorlous topaz. Same as Schorl of gout, but is most commonly due to ex scientific manner; according to the rules or ite. posure to wet and cold.

principles of science. Schorly (shorl’i), a. Relating to or contain- Sciatically (si-at'ik-al-li), adv. With or by ing shorl.-Schorly granite, a granite con

It is easier to believe, than to be scientifically inmeans of sciatica.

structed.

Locke. sisting of schorl, quartz, felspar, and mica. Science (si'ens), n. [Fr. science, from L.

Scientism (si'ent-izm), n. The views or Sir C. Lyell.

scientia, knowledge, from scio, to know.) Schottish, Schottische (shot-tish), n. [G.

practices of scientists. 1. Knowledge; comprehension or under

Mr. Harrison's earnest and eloquent plea against schottische, Scottish.) A dance performed standing of the truths or facts of any sub the exclusive 'scientism' which, because it canby a lady and gentleman, resembling a polka; ject. Shakspeare's deep and accurate not find certain entities along its line of investigation, also, the music suited for such a dance; it is science in mental philosophy. Coleridge. asserts loudly that they are either non-existent or

"unknowable,' is strong. Nineteenth Century. 4 time.

God's prescience or foresight of any action of mine, Schrode (skrõd), n.

A person versed in Same as Escrod and

or rather his science

or sight from all eternity, lays Scientist (si'ent-ist), n. no necessity on anything to come to pass.

or devoted to science; a scientific man; a Scrode.

Hammond.

savant. Schuchint (skuch'in), n. An escutcheon; a 2. That wide field of mental activity which shield; a device on a shield. Spenser. is concerned in the deducing of general

For many years it has been a query whether the

electric current might not be brought so far under Schweinfurth-green (shwin'furt-grēn), n. laws or principles from observation of phe man's control, as to take the place of steam as a mo

A beautiful and velvety green, highly poi nomena; truth or knowledge ascertained by tor for machinery, and success has at last crowned sonous pigment, prepared by boiling to observation, experiment, and induction;

Nature.

the persevering efforts of scientists. gether solutions of arsenious acid and knowledge co-ordinated, arranged, and sys- Scilicet (si'li-set). (L.) To wit; videlicet; acetate of copper: so called from Schwein tematized; hence, a science is knowledge namely: abbreviated to Scil. or Śc. furth in Bavaria, where it was first made. regarding any one department of mind or Scilla (silla), n. (From Gr. skyllo, to injure Sciadopitys (si-a-dop'it-is), n. (Gr. skias, matter co-ordinated, arranged, and system - roots poisonous.) A genus of bulbous skiados, a canopy, and pitys, a pine-tree.) atized; as, the science of botany, of astrono stemmed plants, mostly natives of Europe, A genus of conifers, known as the umbrella my, of metaphysics; mental science.-- Ap belonging to the nat. order Liliaceae. See pine, introduced into our gardens from Ja plied science is a science when its laws are SQUILL.

SCILLITINE

792

SCLENDRE

Scillitine (silli-tin), n. The active ingredi [Gr. skia, a shadow, and optomai, to see.] Scissor-bill (siz'ér-bil), 1. Rhynchops, a ent of the squill, or the bulb of the Scilla Pertaining to the camera obscura, or to the genus of aquatic birds. See RHYNCHOPS, maritima, to which its medical properties art of exhibiting luminous images in a dark SKIMMER. are referrible. Investigations have not yet ened room.- Scioptic ball, scioptric bal, a Scissors (siz'érz), n. pl. (L. scissor, one who determined whether it is to be classed with perforated globe of wood containing the cuts or divides, froni scindo, scissum, to cut the resins, the alkaloids, or the bitter prin lens of a camera obscura, fitted with an ap or divide; akin to Gr, schizó, to cut; G. ciples.

pendage by means of which it is capable of scheiden, to separate, E. to shed.) A cutting Scimitar, Scimiter (sim'i-ter), n. [O. Fr. being turned on its centre to a small extent instrument resembling shears, but smaller, cimiterre, It. scimitarra, from Pe

in any direction, like the eye. It may be consisting of two cutting blades movable on shimshir.] An oriental sword, the blade of fixed at an aperture in a window shutter, a pin in the centre, by which they are fas. which is single-edged, short, curved, and and is used for producing images in a dark tened, and which cut from opposite sides broadest at the point-end. Also written ened room.

against an object placed between them. Cimeter.

Sciopticon (sī-op'ti-kon), n. A form of ma There are a number of varieties of construcScincidæ (sin'si-dē), n. pl. A large and gic-lantern adapted for the exhibition of tion specially adapted for cutting fabrics, widely distributed family of lacertilians, photographed objects.

trimming plants, &c., and for surgical and of which the genus Scincus, or skink, is the Scioptics (si-op'tiks), n. The art or process anatomical purposes.

The instrument is type. Some are completely snake-like, whilst of exhibiting luminous images, especially often spoken of as a pair of scissors. (See others possess a single pair of limbs, and those of external objects, in a darkened under PAIR.) Formerly written also Scisothers again have the normal two pairs of room, by means of lenses, &c.

sars, Cizars, and Cizors. limbs in a well-developed condition. The Sciote, Sciot (sī'ot, si'ot), a. Of or belonging Scissor-tail (siz'er-tāl), n. A South Ameblind-worm (Anguis fragilis) is an example to Scio, an island of the Ægean Sea, or its rican bird, the Milvulus forficatus or ty. of the snake-like forms of this group. See inhabitants.

rannus, and belonging to the fly-catchers. BLIND-WORM, SKINK.

Sciote, Sciot (si'ot, si'ot), n. A native or It has a forked tail, terminated by two long Scincoid (sin’koid), n. One of the Scincidæ; inhabitant of Scio.

feathers. When on the wing it has the a scincoidian.

Sciotheric (si-o-ther'ik), a. (See SCIATHERIC.) power of turning in the air very quickly, and Scincoid (sin'koid), a. Of, pertaining to, Pertaining to sun-dials. - Sciotheric teleor resembling the Scincidæ.

scope, an instrument consisting of a horiScincoidæ (sin-koi'dē), n. pl. Same as Scin zontal dial with a telescope adjusted to it, cidce.

for determining the time, whether of day Scincoidian (sin-koi'di-an), n. and a. Same or night, by means of shadows. as Scincoid.

Scire facias (sīʻrë fā'shi-as), n. [L.] In law, Scincus (sin'kus), n. (L.) The skink, a ge a writ to enforce the execution of judg. nus of lizards, forming the type of the family ments, patents, or matters of record; or to Scincidæ. See SKINK.

vacate, quash, or annul them. It is often Scink (singk), n. 1. A cast calf. (Provin abbreviated to sci. fa. cial English. 1-2. The skink.

Scirewytet (sīr'wit), n. The annual tax Scinque (singk), n. The skink.

formerly paid to the sheriff for holding the Scintilla (sin'til-la), n. (L.) A spark; a assizes and county courts. glimmer; the least particle; a trace; a tittle. Scirocco (si-rok'ko), nl. See SIROCCO. Not a scintilla of evidence.' R Choate. Scirpus (sėr'pus), n. [L., a rush.) An exScintillant (sin’til-lant), a. (See SCINTIL tensive genus of hardy plants, belonging to LATE.) Emitting sparks or fine igneous the Cyperaceae, known in Britain by the name particles; sparkling.

of club-rush or bulrush, having a wide geoThe pointed rays,

graphical distribution, and growing in moist That from black eyes scintillant blaze.

places or by rivers. S. tuberosus is the water

Mat. Green. Scintillate (sin'til-lāt), v.i. pret. scintillated;

chestnut of the Chinese. Several species, ppr. scintillating. (L. scintillo, scintillatum,

especially the s. lacustris or bulrush, are from scintilla, a spark.] 1. To emit sparks Scirrhoid (skir'roid), a. (Gr. skirrhos, scir

used for mats, chair-bottoms, &c. or fine igneous particles.-2. To sparkle or twinkle, as the fixed stars.

rhus, and eidos, form.) Resembling scirScintillation (sin-til-lā'shon), n. 1. The act rhus. Dunglison.

Scissor-tail (Milvulus forficatus or lyran915). of emitting sparks or igneous particles; the

Scirrhosis (skir-ro'sis), n. In med. a moract of sparkling.–2. The term applied to bid induration; scirrhus.

in so doing opens and shuts its tail just like the twinkling or tremulous motion of the Scirrhosity (skir-ros'i-ti), n. [See SCIRRHUS. ] a pair of scissors. It is about 14 inches in light of the larger fixed stars.

In med. the state of being scirrhous; also, length, including the tail, which measures Scintillous (sin’til- lus), a. Scintillant. a scirrhus or induration.

about 10. Though the dimensions of the [Rare.]

Scirrhous (skir'rus), a. Proceeding from bird are thus really small, it is very cour. Scintillously (sin'til-lus-li), adv. In a scin

or of the nature of scirrhus; resembling a ageous, and is frequently seen to attack and tillous or sparkling manner. Skelton.

scirrhus; indurated; knotty; as, scirrhous defeat birds that are far superior in size and Sciography (si-ogʻra-fi), n. Same as Scia

affections; scirrhous disease; a scirrhous bodily strength. It is called also the Forktumour.

tailed Flycatcher. graphy. Sciolism (si'ol-izm), n. (See SCIOLIST.) Su

Scirrhus (skir'rus), n. [L. scirrus; Gr. skir Scissure (si'zhūr), n. [L. scissura, from perficial knowledge.

rhos, a hardened swelling or tumour.) In scindo, to cut.] A longitudinal opening in We hear a great deal of the dangers of sciolism; med. a hard tumour on any part of the body, a body, made by cutting; a cleft; a rent; a

fissure. usually proceeding from the induration of but, given a mind of average capacity for assimila

The scissures and fissures of an tion and reflection, and the chances are that even a

a gland, and often terminating in a cancer; earthquake.' Dr. H. More. small modicum of scientific truth is likely to prove the morbid condition

of a gland which pre Scitamineæ, Scitaminaceæ (si-ta-min'ő-e, as good seed sown in a kindly soil. cedes cancer in the ulcerated state.

si'tam-i-na" sēcē), n. pl. A large order or Scotsman newspaper. Sciolist (si'ol-ist), n. [L. sciolus, a smatterer,

Scirrosity (skir-ros'i-ti). Same as Scirrhos group of monocotyledonous plants comprisdim. of scius, knowing, from scio, to know.] sciscitation (sis-si-tā'shon), n. [L. sciscitaity.

ing the three orders or tribes of Musacea, One who knows many things superficially;

Marantaceæ, and Zingiberacea. a smatterer.

tio, sciscitationis, from sciscitor, to inquire Scitamineous (si-ta-min'e-us), a. [L. scit

or demand, from scisco, to know, to ascer amentum, a dainty, a delicacy.) Belonging These passages in that book, were enough to humble the presumption of our modern sciolists, if

tain, from scio, to know.) The act of in to the Scitamines. their pride were not as great as their ignorance.

quiring; inquiry; demand. Bp. Hall. Sciuridæ (si-ū’ri-dė), n. pl. A family of ro

Sir W. Temple. Sciset (siz), v. i. (L. scindo, scissum, to cut. ) dents, comprising the true squirrels, the Sciolistic (sī-ol-ist'ik), a. Of or pertaining To cut; to penetrate. "The wicked steel flying - squirrels, and the marmots. See to sciolism or a sciolist; resembling a sciol scised deep in his right side.' Fairfax. SQUIRREL. ist; superficial.

Scissars (siz'érs), n. pl. An old spelling of Sciurine (si-ü'rin), a. (L. sciurus, a squirSciolous (si'ol-us), a. Superficially or im Scissors.

rel.] Having the characters of the squirrel perfectly knowing. Scissel (sis’sel), n. (From L. scindo, to cut.)

tribe. I could wish these sciolous zelotists had more 1. The clippings of various metals, produced Sciuromorphia (si-ū'rő-mor"f-a), n. pl. (Gr. judgement joined with their zeal. Howell. in several mechanical operations. -- 2. The skiouros, a squirrel, and morphé, form.) A Sciomachy, Sciamachy (si-om'ak-i, si-am' remainder of a plate of metal after the name given to a group of rodents, includak-i), n. (Gr. skia, a shadow, and machē, a planchets or circular blanks have been cut ing the squirrel, beaver, &c. battle.) A fighting with a shadow; an ima out for the purpose of coinage.

Sciuropterus (si-ú-rop'ter-us), n. (Gr. skiginary or futile combat. •To avoid this Scissible (sis'si-bl), a. [From L. scindo, scis ouros, a squirrel, and pteron, a wing.) A sciomachy, or imaginary combat with words. sum, to cut. ) Capable of being cut or divided genus of flying-squirrels, allied to Pteromys. Cowley. (Rare.)

by a sharp instrument; as, scissible matter The species are found in Northern Asia and Sciomancy (si'o-man-si), n. [Gr. skia, a sha or bodies. Bacon.

North America. See PTEROMYS. dow, and manteia, divination.) Divination Scissil (sis'sil), n. Same as Scissel.

Sciurus (si-ūrus), 12. (L sciurus, from Gr. by shadows.

Scissile (sis'sil), a. (L. scissilis, from scindo, skiouros, a squirrel, skia, a shade, and oura, Scion (si'on), n. [Fr. scion, from L. sectio, to cut.] Capable of being cut or divided by a tail.] The squirrel, a genus of rodent sectionis,a cutting, from seco, to cut. Brachet, a sharp instrument; scissible.

mammals. See SQUIRREL. however, derives it from Fr. scier, to saw. Scissile (sis'sil), n. Same as Scissel.

Sclate (sklāt), n. A slate. (Scotch.) 1. A shoot or twig, especially for the purpose Scission (si'zhon), n. (Fr., from L. scissio, Sclaundre,t n. [Fr. esclandre, slander, of being grafted upon some other tree, or scissionis, from scindo, to cut.) The act of scandal.) Slander. Chaucer. for planting. Our scions, put in wild or cutting or dividing by an edged instrument; Sclav, Sclave (sklav), n. A member of the savage stock.' Shak. Nor cared for seed the state of being cut; division; split. Sclavonic family of peoples. See SLAV. or scion.' Tennyson. Hence-2. Fig. a de Things ripen towards downright incompatibility, Sclavonian, Sclavonic (skla-voʻni-an, sklascendant; an heir.

and what is called scission.

Carlyle. von'ik), a. Pertaining to the Sclaves or Scion of chiefs and monarchs, where art thou ?

Scissor (siz'er), v.t. To cut with scissors; to Slaves or their language. See SLAY. Writ

Byren. prepare with the help of scissors. Nas ten also Slavonian and Slavonic. Scioptic, Scioptric (sī-op'tik, sī-op'trik), a. singer.

Sclendre,ta. Slender. Chaucer.

[graphic]

SCLERAGOGY

793

SCOLYMUS

Scleragogy (sklē'ra-go-ji), n. . [Gr. sklēros, Sclerosis (sklē-roʻzis), n. In med. indura to bark like a dog, to scold. Perhaps ori. hard, and agōgē, a leading, driving, or train tion of the cellular tissue. Dunglison. ginally imitative of noise.] To find fault ing, from agõ, to lead or drive.] Severe Scleroskeleton (sklē'ro-skel-e-ton), n. [Gr. or rail with rude clamour; to brawl; to discipline or training ; mortification; a se sklēros, hard, and E. skeleton.] In anat. (a) utter railing or harsh, rude, boisterous revere handling of the body. Bp. Hacket. a name given to bones developed in tendons, buke; to make use of abuse or vituperation: [Rare and obsolete.]

ligaments, &c., as in a turkey's leg. (6) Thé generally with at; as, to scold at a servant. Scleranthaceæ (sklē-ran-tha'sē-ē), n. pl. [Gr. hardened or ossified fibrous and tendinous

I had rather hear them scold than fight. Shak. skleros, hard, and anthos, a flower.) A small tissues that inclose organs. Owen.

For gods, we are by Homer told, nat. order of plants allied to Caryophyllaceæ, Sclerostoma (sklē-ros'to-ma), n. (Gr sklēros, Can in celestial language scold. Swift. in which they are often included. They are hard, stoma, the mouth.) A genus of para

Scold (skõld), v.t. To chide with rudeness small herbs with opposite leaves without sitic worms belonging to the order Nema

and ill-temper; to rate; to reprimand; to stipules, and axillary sessile hermaphro toidea (thread-worms or round-worms), one

vituperate." "She scolded her husband one dite flowers. The deep calyx-tube bears the species of which (S. duodenale) inhabits the stamens at the top, hardening round the

day out of doors.' Howell. small intestine in the human body. It

Scold (sköld), n. 1. One who scolds; a scolder; nut when in fruit. They are natives of barren varies in size from } inch to finch, and the

especially, a rude, noisy, foul-mouthed wofields in Europe, Asia, and North America. symptoms to which it gives rise are often of Scleranthus (sklē-ran'thus), n. Knawel, a a serious character. It is common in Italy

man; a railing virago. genus of plants belonging to the nat. order and in Egypt.

Scolds answer foul-inouthed scolds. Swift. Scleranthaceæ. See KNAWEL.

Sclerotal (sklē-rö'tal), a. A term applied to 2. A scolding; a brawl. Sclerema (sklē're-ma), n. (Gr. sklēros, hard.] the ossified part of the eye-capsule of a fish, Scolder (skõld'ér), n. One that scolds or In med. same as Scleroma.

commonly existing in two pieces. Осеп. . rails. Scolders and sowers of discord.' Sclerencephalia (sklē'ren-sé-fā'li-a), n. (Gr. Sclerotic (sklē-rot'ik), a. (Gr. sklēros, hard, Cranmer. sklēros, hard, and enkephalos, the brain.] In sklērotēs, hardness. )" Hard; firm; as, the Scolding (skõld'ing), n. The act of one duration or hardening of the brain. sclerotic coat or tunic of the eye.

who scolds; railing or vituperative lanSclerenchyma (sklē-ren'ki-ma), n. [Gr. Sclerotic (sklé-rot'ik), n. 1. The firm white

guage; a rating. sklēros, hard, and enchyma, infusion.] The membrane which covers nearly the posterior The bitterest and loudest scolding is for the most calcareous tissue of which a coral is com four-fifths of the eye, its place in front being part among those of the same street. South. posed.

supplied by a transparent membrane called Scoldingly (skõld'ing-li), adv. In a scoldScleretinite (sklē-rë'tin-īt), n. [Gr. sklēros, the cornea, which affords a passage to the

ing manner; like a scold. hard, and retinë, resin.) A black, hard, light. — 2. À medicine which hardens and Scolecida (sko-lē'si-da), n. pl. [From Gr. brittle mineral resin, nearly allied to amber, consolidates the parts to which it is applied.

skolēx, an earthworm, a tape-worm.) Huxfound in the coal formation in drops and Sclerotitis (sklē-ro-ti'tis), n. Inflammation ley's name for a provisional class of annupellets. of the sclerotic coat.

loids, comprising the Rotifera, Türbellaria, Scleriasis (sklē-ri' as-is), n. (Gr. sklēros, Sclerous (sklē'rus), a. (Gr. sklēros, hard.] Trematoda, Tæniada, Nematoidea, Acanthohard.] In med. any hard tumour or indur Hard; bony; as, sclerous structure. Dana.

cephala, and Gordiacea, and thus including ation. Dunglison. Scoat(sköt), v.t. (Armor. scoaz, the shoulder;

the tape-worms, flukes, &c. The Scolecida Sclerites (sklē'ritz), n. pl. [Gr. sklēros, hard.] whence scoazya, to shoulder úp, to prop, to are characterized by the possession of a water The calcareous spicules which are scattered support; W. ysgwydd, a shoulder; ysgwydd vascular system, consisting of a remarkable

in the soft tissues of certain Actinozoa. aw, to shoulder.) To stop or block, as a set of vessels which communicate with the Sclerobase (sklē'ro-bās), n. The horny axis wheel, by placing some obstacle, as a stone, exterior by one or more apertures situated or stem of a coral. to prevent its rolling; to scotch.

upon the surface of the body, and branch Sclerobasic(sklē-rő-bās'ik), a. (Gr. sklēros, Scobby (skob'i), n. A familiar name for the

out, more or less extensively, into its subhard, and basis, a base.) Applied to a common chaffinch.

stance. No proper vascular apparatus is coral which is produced by the outer sur Scobiform (skob'i-form), a. (L. Scobs, scobis, present, and the nervous system (when preface of the integuments in certain Actinozoa saw-dust, and forma, form. ] Having the form sent) consists of one or two closely approxi. (e.g. red coral), and forms a solid axis which of or resembling saw-dust or raspings. mated ganglia. is invested by the soft parts of the animal. Scobina (sko-bi’na), n. (L., a rasp or file.] Scolecite (skōʻle-sit), n. [Gr. skölēx, a worm.] The sclerobasic corallum is in reality an exo In bot. the immediate support to the spike In mineral. see MESOTYPE. skeleton, somewhat analogous to the shell lets of grasses.

Scolex (skoleks), n. pl. Scolices (sko'li-sēz). of a crustacean, being a true tegumentary Scobs (skobz), n. [L. scobs, saw-dust, scrap [Gr. skolex (pl. skolēkes), a worm.] The larva secretion. It is termed foot secretion by ings, raspings, from scabo, to scrape.) Rasp of Scolecida; a tape-worm in its embryonic Dana. The sclerobasic corallum is produced ings of ivory, hartshorn, metals, or other

stage, formerly called a cystic worm. by a compound organism only, and can be hard substances; dross of metals, &c.; saw Scoliosis (sko-li - o'sis), n. (Gr. skolios, distinguished from a sclerodermic by being dust.

crooked.] A distortion of the spine to one usually more or less smooth, and invariably Scochon, t n. An escutcheon of arms. side.--Scoliosis brace, a brace for treating devoid of the cups or receptacles for the Chaucer.

lateral curvature of the spine. separate polyps always present in the latter. Scoff (skof), v.i. [Icel. skopa, skeypa, to Scolite (skõlīt), n. (Gr. skolios, tortuous. ] Scleroderm (sklē'ro-derm), n. [Gr. sklēros, scoff, to mock; comp. D. skuffe, to deceive. In geol. the name by which those tortuous hard, and derma, skin.) One of a family of See the noun.) To show insolent ridicule

tubes found in rocks of almost all ages, from plectognathic (teleostean) fishes, compre

or mockery; to manifest contempt by deri the Cambrian period upwards, are known; hending those which have the skin rough or sion; to utter contemptuous language; to supposed to be the burrows of certain annecovered with hard scales. One species, the mock: with at before the object.

lids, or, possibly, of minute fossorial crustaBalistes or file-fish, occasionally occurs in They shall scoff at the kings. Hab. i. ro.

ceans. Written also Scolithus. the British seas.

Truth from his lips prevail'd, with double sway, Scollop (skol'op), n. 1. A kind of shell-fish Scleroderma (sklė-ro-der'ma), n. In med.

And fools, who came to scott, remain'd to pray with a pectinated shell. See SCALLOP.induration of the cellular tissue.

Goldsmith.

2. An indentation or cut like those of a Sclerodermic(sklē-ro-dér'mik), a. 1. Of or

Scoff (skof), v.t. To treat with derision or
scorn; to mock at; to ridicule. “Scofing scollop (skol'op), v.t. To form or cut with

pectinated shell. pertaining to a scleroderm.-2. Applied to

his state. Shak. the corallum which is deposited between

scollops. See SCALLOP. the tissues of certain Actinozoa, being se

To scoff"religion is ridiculously proud and immodest.

Glanville.

Scolopacidæ (skol-o-pas'i-dē), n. pl. (L. scolocreted apparently by the inner layer of the Scoff (skof), n. [Icel. skop, skaup, mockery,

pax, Gr. skolopax, a snipe, a woodcock, and ectoderm, and is called tissue secretion by ridicule; O.H.G. scoph, O. Fris. schof, sport.

eidos, resemblance.) A family of longiros. Dana. In the sclerodermic corallum each See the verb.) 1. Expression of derision,

tral wading-birds, of which the genus Scolopolyp has a complete skeleton of its own, ridicule, or mockery; expression of scorn or

pax is the type; the snipe and wood-cock and the entire coral may consist of such skeleton, or of several united by the calcare

contempt; a jibe; a flout. With scoffs and family. They have all a long, flexible, soft
scorns.
Shak.

bill, peculiarly sensitive at the tip, so that ous matter of the conosarc. See SCLERO

I met with scoft's, I met with scorns,

it constitutes an organ of touch, and is useBASE.

From youth, and babe, and hoary hairs.

ful as a probe in seeking their food-conSclerogen (sklē'rō-jen), n. (Gr. sklēros, hard,

Tennyson. sisting of worms, slugs, &c.-in mud, soft and gennao, to produce. In bot. the mat 2. An object of scoffing or derision; a mark earth, sand, &c. ter of lignification which is deposited on the for derision.

Scolopax (skolo-paks), n. A genus of birds, inner surface of the cells of plants, contri The principles of liberty were the scoff of every of the order Grallatores, including the woodbuting to their thickness; lignin.

grinning courtier, and anathema maranatha of every cock and snipe.

Macaulay. Sclerogenidæ (sklē-ro-jen'i-dē), n. pl. (Gr.

lawning dean.

Scolopendra (skol-o-pen'dra), n. (Gr. skolosklēros, hard, and genys, a cheek.) A family Scoffer (skof'er), n. One who scoffs; one pendra, a milliped.] “A genus of articulate of acanthopterygious teleostean fishes disthat mocks or derides; a scorner.

animals, of the order Cheilopoda, and class tinguished by having the cheeks mailed or There shall come in the last days scoffers, walking Myriapoda, destitute of wings. These ani. defended by spines or scaly plates of hard after their own lusts, and saying, 'Where is the pro mals have nearly as many feet on each side matter. Called also Triglidæ. See MAILED

mise of his coining?

2 Pet. iii. 3. 4.

as there are segments in the body. There CHEEKS.

Scoffery t (skof'er-i), n. The act of scoffing; are several species. They inhabit the southScleroid (sklē'roid), a. [Gr. sklēros, hard, mockery. Holinshed.

ern parts of Europe, and all the tropical and eidos, appearance.) In bot. having a Scofingly, (skof'ing-li), adv. In a scoffing portions of the globe, and their bite is venomhard texture. manner; in mockery or contempt; by way

ous. See CHEILOPODA, CENTIPED. Scleroma (sklē'ro-ma), n. In med. indur

of derision.

Scolopendrium (skol-o-pen'dri-um), 1. A ation of the cellular tissue. Dunglison. Aristotle applied this hemistich scoffingly to the

genus of ferns.

See HART'S-TONGUE. Sclerometer (sklē-rom'et-ér), n. (Gr. sklēros, sycophants at Athens.

W. Broome.

Scolymus (skol'i-mus), n. (Gr. skolymos, a hard, and metron, a measure. ) An instru- Scoke (skok), n. Pokeweed. See POKE. kind of thistle.) A genus of smooth, erect, ment for accurately determining the degree Scolaie, t v. i. To attend school; to study. thistle-like herbs belonging to the nat. order of hardness of a mineral. Chaucer.

Composite, natives of the Mediterranean Sclerophthalmia (sklē-rof-thal'mi-a), n. Scold (sköld), v.i. [Sc. scald, L.G. and D. region. They have alternate rigid spiny (Gr. sklēros, hard, and ophthalmos, the eye.) schelden, Dan. skilde, G. schelten, to scold, leaves, and sessile terminal or lateral heads In med. (a) a small inflammatory tumour to rail, to revile; allied to Icel. skjalla, to of yellow flowers. S. hispanicus is somewhich exhibits itself near the free edge of clash, to clatter; comp. also Icel. skelli, times included in English lists by the name the eyelids; a sty. (b) Cancer of the eye. clang, crash; G. schelle, a bell, and Sw. skalla, of golden-thistle. See GOLDEN-THISTLE.

SCOLYTUS

794

SCORCHINGNESS

Scolytus (skol'i-tus), n. A genus of small Sconce (skons), v.t. 1. To mulct; to fine. room or field for free observation or action; but very destructive coleopterous insects, (Rare.]

room; space; vent; liberty. 'A freer scope belonging to the family Xylophagi or wood

At Oxford to sconce a person is to put his name in the for imagination.' Dryden. eaters. They destroy immense numbers of college buttery books by way of fine.

Ah, cut my lace asunder, trees, especially firs, pines, and elms, by

Notes and Queries. That my pent heart may have some scope to beat.

Shak piercing them for the sake of eating the

2. Same as Ensconce. 'Immure him, sconce
him.' Marston.

In those things only where the church hath larger inner bark.

scope it resteth that they search out some stronger Scomber (skom'ber), n. [Gr. skombros, the

I'll sconce me even here.

Shak,
reason.

Hooker. mackerel.) The mackerel, a genus of acan Sconcheon (skon'shon), n. In arch. the

5.1 A liberty; a license enjoyed; hence, an thopterygious fishes, the type of the family portion of the side of an aperture, from the

act of riot; sally; excess. Scomberidæ. See MACKEREL. back of the jamb or reveal to the interior

As surfeit is the father of much fast, Scomberesocida (skom'bér-é-sos"i-dē), n. of the wall. Gwilt.

So every scope, by the immoderate use, pl. Lit. the mackerel-pikes, a family of tele- Scone (skón), n. A thin cake of wheat or

Turns to restraint.

Shak. ostean fishes containing the saury-pike barley meal." [Scotch.)

6. Extended quantity. (Scomberesox saurus) and others.

Sconner(skon'èr),v.i. To nauseate; to loathe; Scomberesox (skom'bêr-7-soks), n. A genus

The scopes of land granted to the first adventurers to scunner. Burns. (Scotch.)

were too large.

Sir %. Davies. of fishes containing the saury-pike. See Sconner (skon'ėr), n. Loathing; scunner. SAURY-PIKE. Burns. (Scotch. ]

7. Length; extent; sweep; as, scope of cable. Scomberidæ (skom-ber'i-dē),n.pl. [Gr.skom- Scoop (skop), n. [O. and Prov. E. scope, a

Scopelidæ (sko-pel'i-dē), n. pl. A family of bros, the mackerel, and eidos, resemblance.) scoop, a kind of large ladle for water; D.

acanthopterygious (teleostean) fishes, nearly A family of acanthopterygian fishes, of which schop, schup, spade, shovel; Sw. skopa, a

allied to the salmon family, and formerly the common mackerel may be regarded as a scoop, a kind of ladle; Dan. skuffe, a shovel.

forming part of it. They are, however, distype. The tunny,sword-fish, dory, and boar

tinguished from the members of that family From same root as shove, shovel. The word

by the structure of the mouth and by the ova fish also belong to this group, which contains may have entered English through the a multitude of species and many genera. French, being thus the same as O.Fr. escope,

being discharged by a proper canal. Few of Scomberoid (skom'bėr-oid), n. A fish of which itself is from the Teutonic.] 1. (a) A

them have an air-bladder. They are generthe family Scomberidæ. thin metallic shovel with capacious sides

ally marine, and abound in the Chinese and

East Indian seas. The Mediterranean proScomfish (skom'fish), v.t. [Corruption of for lifting grain. (6) A similar utensil of a discomfit.) To suffocate, as by noxious air, less size, and generally made of tinplate,

duces some, and one species, the argentine, smoke, &c. [Scotch.] used for lifting sugar, flour, and the like. (c)

is British. Some are held in high esteem for

their flavour. My cousin, Mrs. Glass, has a braw house here, but A large ladle or vessel with a long handle for a' thing is sae poisoned wi' snuff that I am like to be dipping amongst liquors; a vessel for bailing

Scopiferous (sko-piffér-us), a. (L. scopa, a scomfished whiles. Sir W. Scott. boats. (d) The bucketof a dredging-machine.

brush, and fero, to bear.) Furnished with

one or more dense brushes of hair. Scomfish (skom'fish), v.i. To be suffocated

2. A spoon-shaped surgical instrument for
extracting foreign bodies, as a bullet from a

Scopiform (sko'pi-form), a. or stifled. [Scotch.)

[L. scopa, a Scommt (skom), n. [L scomma, from Gr. wound, &c.-3. A tool for scooping out potato

broom, and forma, form.] Having the form skömma, a scoff, a gibe, a taunt, from sköpto, eyes from the tubers.-4. A sort of pan for

of a broom or besom. “Zeolite, stelliform or to mock, to jeer.) 1. A flout; a jeer. "The holding coals; a coal-scuttle.-5. A basin

scopiform.' Kirwan, scomme of the orator.'

Scopiped (sko'pi-ped), 12. [L. scopa, a broom, Fotherby. -2. A like cavity, natural or artificial; a hollow.

and pes, pedis, a foot.) One of a tribe of melbuffoon. “The scomms or buffoons of qua Some had lain in the scoop of the rock. Drake.

liferous insects, having a brush of hairs on lity.' Sir R. L'Estrange.

6. A cant stock exchange term for a sudden the posterior foot Sconce (skons), n. [O.E. sconse, 0. Fr.

breaking down of prices for the purpose of Scoppett (skop'et), v.t. (A dim. from scoop. ) esconse, a screen, a shelter, a sconce; from buying stocks at cheaper rates, followed by

To lade out. Med. L. absconsa (for absconsa candela, a a rise.

Vain man, can he hope to scoppet it (the channel) as hidden or covered light), sconsa, a dark Scoop (sköp), v.t. 1. To take out with a scoop

fast as it fills?

By. Hall. lantern, a sconce, from L. abscondo, abor as with a scoop; to lade out.

Scoptic, t Scopticalt (skop'tik, skop'tik-al), sconsum, to hide. See ABSCOND.] 1. A cover;

He scoop'd the water from the crystal lood. Dryden. a. (Gr. sköptikos, from sköpto, to mock, to a shelter; a protection; as, specifically, (a) At length I hailed him, seeing that his hat

scoff.) Scoffing.Lucian and other scopa screen or partiWas nioist with water-drops, as if the brim

tick wits.' Bp. Ward. 'Scoptical humour.' tion to cover or

Had newly scooped a running stream. Wordsworth, Hammond. protect anything;

2. To empty as with a scoop or by lading; as, Scopticallyt(skop'tik-al-li), adv. Mockingly; a shed or hut for

he scooped it dry.-3. To hollow out; to ex scoffingly. protection from cavate; as, the Indians scoop the trunk of

Homer (speaking scoptically) breaks open the founweather; a cov

tain of his ridiculous humour. a tree into a canoe.

Chasmas. ered stall.

Those carbuncles the Indians will scoop so as to hold

Scopulous t (skop'ü-lus), a. (L. scopulosus, that must

above a pint.

Arbuthnot. from scopulus, a peak, a rock.) Full of raise a sconce by 4. To remove so as to leave a place hollow

rocks; rocky. Bailey. the highest way

Scopus (skoʻpus), n. (Gr. skopos, a sentinel.) and sell swiches.'

A spectator would think this circular mount had been actually scooped out of that hollow space.

A genus of wading birds, natives of Africa. Beau. & Fl. (6) A

Spectator.

The S. umbretta, or crested umbre, is a bird cover or protecScooper (sköp'er), n. 1. One who or that

about the size of a crow. See UMBRE. tion for a light; a

which scoops; specifically, a tool used by Scorbutet (skor'būt), n. (Fr. scorbut, case or lantern

engravers on wood for cleaning out the white scurvy.) Scurvy. Purchas. for candle ;

parts of a block. It somewhat resembles a Scorbutic(skor-bū’tik), a. [Fr. scorbutique, hence, also the

small chisel, but is rounded underneath in from scorbut, the scurvy, a word of Gertube in an ordin

stead of being flat. -2. A wading bird, the manic origin, and allied to E. scurvy.) Perary candlestick in

avocet (Recurvirostra avocetta). It has this taining to, resembling, or affected or diswhich the candle name from its long bill, which is curved up

eased with scurvy. is inserted; a fixed

wards so as somewhat to resemble a scoop. Violent purging hurts scorbutic constitutions. lantern or candleScoop-net (sköp'net), n. A net so formed as

Arbuthnot. stick hanging or to sweep the bottom of a river.

Scorbutic (skor-bū'tik), n. A person affected projecting from a

Sconce.
Scoop-wheel (sköp'whēl), n. A wheel made

with scurvy: wall. "Tapers put

like an overshot water-wheel, with buckets Scorbutical (skor-bū'tik-al), a. Same as into lanterns or sconces of several-coloured round its circumference. This being turned

Scorbutic. À full and scorbutical body.' oiled paper that the wind might not annoy by a steam-engine or other power is employed

Wiseman. them. Evelyn.

to scoop up the water in which the lower part Scorbutically (skor-bū'tik-al-li), adv. In a Golden sconces hang upon the wall. Dryden. dips and raise it to a height equal to the

scorbutic manner; with the scurvy, or with diameter of the wheel, when the buckets, a tendency to it. 'A woman scorbutically (c) A work for defence; a bulwark; a fort,

turning over, deposit the water in a trough and hydropically affected.' Wiseman. as for the defence of a pass or river. [It is

or reservoir prepared to receive it. Such Scorce (skors), n. and v. Barter; to barter. probable that the word received this specific wheels are sometimes used for irrigating

See SCORSE. sense from English or Scotch soldiers enlands.

Scorch (skorch), v.t. 10. Fr. escorcher, esgaged in the Low Countries, Sweden, and Germany, through its resemblance in form Scope (sköp), n. (L. scopus, Gr. skopos, that

corcer, Mod. Fr. écorcher, écorcer, to strip off on which one fixes the eye, a mark, aim,

the skin; Pr. escortegar, It scorticare; from and sense to D. schans, G. schanze, Sw.skans, from Gr. skeptomai, to view, to observe; It.

L. excorticare-ex, out off, and cortex, corDan. skandse, a redoubt, a fort, which are

scopo, mark, view, aim. The use of the word ticis, bark or hide (whence cork).] 1. To burn not unlikely derived from 0. Fr. sconser, esconser, to hide-L. ex, and condo, to hide.] in English may have been suggested by the

superficially; to subject to a degree of heat Italian, as it does not seem to occur in

that changes the colour, or both the colour They will learn you by rote where services were French.) 1.1 A mark shot at. And shoot

and texture of the surface; to parch or done; at such and such a sconce, at such a breach, ing wide, doe misse the marked scope.'

shrivel up the surface of by heat; to singe. Shak, (d) A covering or protection for the head; a Spenser.—2. That which forms a person's

Summer drouth or singeing air,

Alilton.

Never scorch thy tresses fair. helmet; a head-piece.

aim; the end or thing to which the mind
A sconce for my
directs its view; that which is purposed to 2. To burn in general.

· The fire that head.' Shak. (e) The head itself; the skull. *To knock him about the sconce with a

be reached or accomplished; ultimate de scorches me to death.' Dryden. dirty shovel.'

sign, aim, or purpose; intention; drift. Scorch (skorch), v.i. To be burnt on the Shak. Hence, (1) brains;

surface; to be parched; to be dried up.

Your scope is as mine own, sense; judgment; discretion. Which their

So to enforce and qualify the laws, dull sconces cannot easily reach.' Dr. H.

Scatter a little mungy straw and fern among your As to your soul seems good.

Shak. More. (2) A mulct; a fine.

seedlings, to prevent the roots from scorching Comp. poll The scope of all their pleading against man's autho

Mortimer. tax. (3) The broad head or top of anything, rity is to overthrow such laws and constitutions of the Scorchingly (skorch'ing-li), adv. In a as the brim around the circular tube of a

church as depending thereupon.

Hooker.

scorching mavner; so as to parch or burn candlestick into which the candle is inserted. 3. Free or wide outlook or aim; amplitude the surface, 2. A fixed seat or shelf. North. ---3. A frag of intellectual range or view; as, mind of Scorchingness (skorch'ing-nes), n. The ment of an ice-floe. Kane.

wide scope.-4. Room for free outlook or aim; quality of scorching.

One

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