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LOUTISH

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LOVELY

Loutish (lout'ish), a. Clownish; rude; awk 3. Courtship: chiefly in the phrase to make and wealthy Julia to ask that question of her servant? ward. love, that is, to court; to woo; to solicit

Has she not money, youth, and loveliness? Are they

not love-charms enough to dispense with magic!' Loutishly (lout'ish-li), adv. In a loutish urion in marriage.-4. Strong attachment;

Lord Lytton. manner.

devotion; fondness; liking; inclination; as, Love-child (luv'child), n. An illegitimate Loutishness (lout'ish-nes), n. The state love of country; love of home; love of art. — child. Dickens. or quality of being loutish; clownishness. 5. The object beloved; a sweetheart. Loved (luvd), a. Beloved. Louvre, Loover, Lover (lö'ver), n. (Fr. She hears no tidings of her love. Shak, Love-day (luv'dā), n. A day in old times apl'ouvert, the opening, pp. of ouvrir, from

Often used in address as a word of endear pointed for the amicable adjustment of disL. aperire, to en.] A dome or turret

ment. Trust me, love.' Dryden. - 6. A putes between neighbours.
picturesque representation or personifica This day shall be a love-day, Tamora. Shak.
tion of love; a Cupid.

Love-drinkt (luv'dringk), n. A drink to
Such was his form, as painters, when they show excite love; a philtre or love-potion.

Their utmost art, on naked loves bestow. Dryden. Love-favour (luv'fă-ver), n. Something
Used of Cupid or Eros, the god of love. given to be worn in token of love. 'Deck'd
Love made those hollows, if himself were slain, with love-favours.' Bp. Hall.
He might be buried in a tomb so simple. Shak. Love-feast (luv'fēst), n. 1. A feast or ban-
Used of Venus or Aphrodite, the goddess of

quet in Gr. agapē) in the primitive church, love.

at which rich and poor feasted together, She's Love, she loves, and yet she is not loved. and the former made a contribution for the

Shak.

latter. See AGAPE. – 2. A species of reli7. A kindness; something done in token of gious ordinance held at intervals by some love.

religious denominations, as the Moravians What good love may I perform for you? Shak. and the Methodists, to which members of 8. Lewdness.

their church alone are admitted, a kind of He is not lolling on a lewd love-bed. Shak.

imitation of the agapæ held by the early 9. A thin silk stuff.-10. In some games, a

Christians. term expressing no points scored; as, the Love-feat (luv'tēt), n. A deed of gallantry. game was two, love, that is, two points on one

Shak. side and nothing on the other.- Love in Love-grass (luv'gras), n. A name given to idleness, a kind of violet (Viola tricolor).

grasses of the genus Eragrostis. Free love.

А See under Free. - Free-of-love, Love-in-idleness (luv'in-1-di-nes), n. a plant of the genus Cercis. Labour of

plant, the heart's-ease (Viola tricolor). love, any work done or task performed with

A little western flower, eager willingness, either from fondness for

Before milk-white, now purple with Love's wound,

And maidens call it love-in-idleness. Shak. the work itself or from the regard one has Louvre, Abbot's Kitchen, Glastonbury.

for the person for whom it is done. Of au Love-juice (luv'jūs), n. A juice producing loves, t by all means; without fail. Mrs.

love. Shak. rising out of the roof of a hall or other apart Arden desired him of all loves to come back Love-knot (luv'not), n. Any complicated ment in our ancient domestic edifices, foragain.' Holinshed. - To make love to. See

kind of knot, or a figure representing such: merly open at the sides, but now generally above under def. 3.- To play for love, to

so called from being used as a token of love glazed. They were originally intended to play a game, as at cards, without stakes.

or as representing mutual affection. allow the smoke to escape when the fire was

There's no love lost between two persons,

Lovelace (luvlās), n. [From the hero of kindled in the middle of the room.- Louvre they have no liking for each other.

Richardson's Clarissa Harlowe.) A pleasant

and likeable man of the world, but loose in board. See below under Louvre-window. - There was not a great deal of love lost between Louvre-window, the name given to a win

Will and his half-sister.

Thackeray.

his relations with the other sex. dow in a church tower, partially closed by Love is the first element in a great number Love-lasst (luv'las), n. A sweetheart. slabs or sloping boards or bars called louvre

So soone as Tython's love-lasse gan display of compound words of obvious signification;

Her opall colours in her eastern throne. boards (corrupted into luffer or lever boards), such as, love-charmed, love-darting, love

Mir. for Mags. which are placed across to exclude the rain, killing, love - laboured, love-language, love, Loveless (luvles), a. 1. Void of love; void while allowing the sound of the bell to pass. learned, love-lore, love-loyal, love-poem, love of tenderness or kindness.-2. Not loved. Lovable (luv'a-bl), a. Worthy of love; ami secret, love-sigh, love-song, love-taught, love 3. Not attracting love; unattractive. (Rare.] able. Miss Edgeworth; Tennyson. token, &c. -SYN. Affection, friendship, kind

These are ill-favoured to see to; and yet, as loveLovage, Loveage(luv'áj), n. [Formerly love ness, tenderness, fondness, delight.

less as they be, they are not without some medicinach,livish, from 0. Fr. leresche, L. ligusticum.) | Loveable (luv'a-bl), a. Same as Lovable. able virtues.

Holland A plant of the genus Ligusticum(L.scoticum), Elaine the fair, Elaine the loveable,

Love-letter (luvlet-ér), n. A letter professnat, order Umbelliferæ, sometimes used as Elaine the lily maid of Astolat. Tennyson. ing love; a letter of courtship. an aromat stimulant. See LIGUSTICUM. Love-apple (luv'ap-1), n. A plant (Solanum Love-lies-bleeding (luv-liz-blēd'ing), n. A Love (luv), v.t. pret. & pp. loved; ppr. lov Lycopersicum or L. esculentum) belonging plant,

Amaranthus caudatus. See AMARing. (A. Sax. lufian, from lufu, lufe, love;

to the nat. order Solanaceae. Called also ANTH. D. lieven, G. lieben, O.H.G. liuban, liupan, Tomato. See LYCOPERSICUM. to love. Allied to E. lief, dear, leave, per- Love-bed (luv'bed), n. An immodest bed.

Lovellly (luvli-li), adv. In a lovely manner;

amiably; in a manner to excite love. Otway. mission, believe, furlough; A. Sax. lof, G. Shak.

(Rare.] lob, praise; Goth. liubs, beloved, galaubs, Love-bird (luv'berd), n. A member of a Loveliness (luv'li-nes), n. The state or dear, valuable, galaubjan, to approve of, to

genus of birds (Psittacula) belonging to the quality of being lovely: (a) amiableness ; believe; Bohem. lubiti, to love; Lith. lühju, Psittacidæ. They are a beautiful group, con qualities of body or mind that may excite to long; L. libido, longing, desire, libeo,

love. lubeo, to please; Skr. lubh, to desire, to sisting of very diminutive species; they are

If there is such a native loveliness in the sex as to yearn, lobha, covetousness.] 1. To regard

make them victorious when they are in the wrong, with a strong feeling of affection; to have

how resistless is their power when they are on the side a devoted attachment to.

of truth!

Addison. Thou shalt love the Lord thy God with all thy

_() Beauty; beautifulness. heart, and with all thy soul, and with all thy mind.

Loveling (luv'ling), n. A little love; a lovMat. xxii. 37. Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself.

able being. Chapman. Mat, xxii. 39.

Love-lock (luvlok), n. A particular curl 2. To regard with the feelings of one sex

or lock of hair so called, worn by men of towards the other; to be tenderly affected

fashion in the reigns of Elizabeth and towards; to be in love with.-3. To like; to

James I.; a curl or lock of hair hanging by be pleased with; to delight in: with things

itself or so as to appear prominently. for the object.

How, sir, will you be trimmed! ...

your love Wit, eloquence, and poetry,

locks wreathed with a silken twist, or shaggy to fal) Arts which I loved. Cowley.

on your shoulders?

Lily. Love (luv), v.i. 1. To be tenderly affected

Love-lorn (luvélorn), a. (Love and lorn.] towards a person of the opposite sex; to be

Forsaken by one's love; forlorn, pining, or in love.

suffering from love. But since thou lovest, love still and thrive therein,

The love-lorn nightingale Even as I would when I to love begin. Shak.

Nightly to thee her sad song mourneth well.

Milton. 2. To love each other; to be tenderly attached to each other.

Swindern's Love-bird (Psittacula stvinderniana). Lovely (luv'li), a. (A. Sax. Iuflic.] 1. Fitted

to attract or excite love; possessing qualities Never two ladies loved as they do. Shak.

found in America, Africa, and Australia, that may invite affection; lovable; amiable; Love (luv), n. 1. A strong feeling of affec and are remarkable for having no furcula. attractive. (Obsolete or obsolescent.) tion; devoted attachment to a person. Es They receive their name from the great at Saul and Jonathan were lovely and pleasant in pecially-2. Devoted attachment to a per tachment shown to each other by the male their lives.

2 Sam. i. 23. son of the opposite sex; as, to be in love and female birds. Swindern's love-bird is

O! he's a lovely gentleman! Shak. with a person. barely 6 inches in length.

2. Exciting admiration through beauty; Hunting he loved, but love he laughed to scorn. Love-broker (luv'bro-ker), n. One who beautiful. So lovely seem'd that landskip."

Shak. Love is the shadow of the morning, which de. acts as agent between lovers. Shak.

Milton. 'Indeed these fields are lovely.' creases as the day advances. Friendship is the sha Love-cause (luv' kąz), n. A love-affair. Tennyson. dow of the evening, which strengthens with the set. Shak.

Alive, the crooked hand of death had marr'd ting sun of life. Translation of La Fontaine,

Love-charm (luv'chärm), n. A charm by Those lovelv features which cold death hath spar'd. Art is much, but Love is more!

Waller O Art, my Art, thou'rt much, but Love is more! which love was supposed to be excited; a

I must instance a more unfortunate case. The Art symbolizes heaven, but Love is God philtre.

epithet lovely can fitly be used only of beings capa. And makes heaven.

E. B. Browning. 'But what,' said Nydia, 'can induce the beautiful ble of exciting, by their moral and physical perfec

[graphic]
[graphic]

LOVELY,

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LOWERED

tions, the passion of love, and at the same time of Lovingly (luv'ing-li), adv. With love; with mean condition: in composition; as, a lowreciprocating it. That only is lovely which is both lovable and loving. In the affectation and exag. affection; affectionately.

born fellow; a low-born lass.-4. Late, or in geration which so often characterizes the phrase. It is no great matter to live lovingly with good. time approaching our own.

natured and meek persons. ology of polite society, this unhappy word was seized

Jer. Taylor.

In that part of the world which was first inhabited, upon and generalized in its application, and it soon Lovingness (luv'ing-nes), n. Affection; kind even as low down as Abraham's time, they wandered became the one epithet of commendation in young

with their flocks and herds.

Locke. ladies' seminaries and similar circles, where it was

regard. and is applied indiscriminately to all pleasing mate The only two bands of good-will, loveliness and

5. With a depressed voice; not loudly; as, rial objects, from a piece of plumcake to a Gothic lovingness.

Sir P. Sidney. speak low. – 6. On a low key: in composicathedral. Ruskin unluckily adopted this school. girl triviality, and, by the popularity of his writings,

Low (10), a. (0.E. law, lawe, lagh, &c.; not tion; as, a low-set voice; a low-pitched inhas made it almost universal.

strument.-7. In astron. in a path near the G. P. Marsh in A. Sax.; D. laag, Icel. luer, Dan. lav; akin (There is no doubt that lovely, like other perhaps to lie, and perhaps to lar. For the equator, or so that the declination is small: words, is often misapplied, but Mr. Marsh softening of g to w comp. law, saw, dawn,

said of the heavenly bodies with reference in the above extract would limit its mean&c.] 1. Depressed below any given or im

to the diurnal revolution; as, the moon ing too much; it was certainly applied to inagined surface or place. Low is opposed

runs low, that is, is comparatively near the animate objects long before Mr. Ruskin's to high, and both are relative terms. That

horizon when on or near the meridian. which is low with respect to one thing may

Low (lo), v.t. day, as the extracts show.)-3. Loving; ten

To sink; to depress. Srrift. der. Seal the title with a lovely kiss.' Shak.

be high with respect to another. A lov Low (10), v.i._[A. Sax. hlówan, D. locijen, Lovely (luv'li), adv.

Icel, hlóa, O.H.G, hlojan, to low.] To belSo as to induce or ex

house would be a high fence; a low flight for cite love; very beautifully or pleasantly. an eagle would be a high flight for a par

low, as an ox or cow. 'Lovely fair. Shak. *Earth : .. lovely

tridge; the sun is low when it is not far The lowing herd winds slowly o'er the lea. Gray. smiled.' Milton.

above the horizon. — 2. Not rising to the Low (lo), n. The sound uttered by a bovine Love-making (luv'māk-ing), 1. Courtship;

usual height; as, a man of low stature; a animal, as a bull, ox, cow; a moo. • Talkpaying one's addresses to a lady.

low tide, that is, a tide which, when full, ing voices and the low of herds.' WordsThe inquiry of truth, which is the love-making or

does not rise to the usual height: different worth. wooing of it; the knowledge of truth, the preference

from low tide (see def. 4).-3. Deep: descend Bull Jove, sir, had an amiable low. Shak. of it, and the belief of truth, the enjoying of it,-is

ing far below the adjacent ground; as, a low Low (lou), n. [Icel. log, logi, a flame, loga, the sovereign good of human nature. Bacon. valley.

to blaze; Dan. lue, G. lohe, a flame. Allied to Love-match (luv'mach), n. A marriage en The lowest bottom shook of Erebus. Milton.

A. Sax. lig, lige, a flame. For softening of tered into for love alone.

4. At or near the furthest point to which g to w, see Low, a.) Flame; fire. (Scotch or Lovemonger (luv'mung-ger), n. One who

the sea recedes by the fall of the tide; as, northern English.] deals in affairs of love. low water; low tide. (When intended to be

There sat a bottle in a bole Thou art an old lovemonger, and speakest skilfully. used with precision these phrases always

Beyond the ingle low.

Burns. Shak. signify the very lowest point of the tide. Love-pined (luv'pind), a. Wasted by love.

Low (lou), v. i. To flame; to blaze. (Old 5. Below the usual rate or amount, or below

English and Scotch.) Lover (luv'er), n. 1. One who loves or is at the ordinary value ; below the probable

A vast, unbottomed, boundless pit, tached or kindly disposed to another. How amount; moderate; as, a low price of corn;

Fill'd fou o' lowin' brunstane. Burns. dear a lover of my lord your husband.' Shak. low wages; a low estimate.-6. Not loud; Lowbell (16'bel), n. [Lou, a flame, and 2 One who is enamoured; a person in love: as, a low voice.-7. Grave; depressed in the

bell.] 1. A bell used in a certain kind of Dow used in the singular almost exclusively scale of sounds; as, a low note.-8. As apof the man, though formerly also of the plied to numbers, not expressing many

fowling by night, the birds being made to woman, while the plural is still commonly units; indicative of a small number. Hence

lie close by the sound of the bell and blinded used of an amorous couple. 9. Near or not very distant from the equa

by a light, so as to be easily taken by a net Your brother and his lover have embraced.

which is thrown over them.-2. A bell to be Shak. tor; as, a low latitude, such latitudes being 2. One who likes or is pleased with anyexpressed by low numbers.-10. Dejected;

hung on the necks of sheep or other animals. thing; as, a lover of books or of science; a depressed in vigour; wanting strength or

This is the bell probably alluded to in Beaulover of wine; a lover of religion. animation; as, low spirits; low in spirits; to

mont and Fletcher's 'Peace, gentle loubell, Lovert (lo'věr), n.

which probably means 'Peace, gentle sheep.' See LOUVRE.

be a cup too low, that is, not to have drunk Lovered (luv'érd), a. Having a lover.

Lowbell (lo'bel), v.t. To scare, as with a So enough to be in good spirits.-11. Depressed

lowbell lovered.' Shak. in condition; in a state of humiliation and

Low-born (lo'born), a. Of mean or low Loveryt (lo'vėr-i), n.

subjection. The same as Louvre.

birth. And ruined house, where holy things were said,

Why but to keep ye low and ignorant ? Milton.

Low-caste (lokast), a. of a low race or Whose shrill saint's bell hangs in his lovery, 12. Humble in rank; in a mean condition;

caste; as, a low-caste Hindu. See CASTE. Bp. Hall.

as, men of high and low condition; the lower Low-churchism (lo'cherch-izm), n. LowLove-scene (luv'sēn), n. A somewhat de

walks of life; a low class of people.-13. Mean; monstrative exhibition of mutual love; a pas

church principles. See High Church under abject; vulgar; grovelling; base; dishonour HIGH. sage in a play or novel, the subject of which

able; as, a person of low mind; a low trick Low-churchman (lo'cherch-man), n. One is a meeting between lovers.

or stratagem.-14. Not elevated or sublime; who maintains Low-church principles. See *Mind your own work, my dear,' said her hus.

not exalted in thought or diction; as, a low band, gently. Circe resumed a love-scene between

High Church under High. Adele and the tender forçat.

Hannay.

comparison; a low metaphor; low language. Lower (lo'er), v. t. (From lower,compar, of low. Love-shaft (luv'shaft), n. A shaft or dart

In comparison of these divine writers, the noblest Comp. Icel. lægja, to lower, from lágr, low,

wits of the heathen world are low and dull. Felton, of love; specifically, Cupid's arrow.

and also E. linger.] 1. To cause to descend; to 15. Submissive.

let down; to take or bring down; as, to lower A certain aim he took At a fair vestal throned by the west,

And pay thee fealty

the mainsail of a sloop. - 2. To reduce or With low subjection.

Milton. And loosed his love-shaft sinartly from his bow.

humble; to make less high or haughty; as, Skak. 16. Feeble; weak; having little vital energy; to lower the pride of man.-3. To lessen; to Love-sick (luv'sik), a. 1. Sick or languish as, a low pulse; he is in a low state of health, diminish; to reduce, as value or amount; ing with love or amorous desire; as, a 17. Moderate; not excessive or intense; not as, to lower the price or value of goods, Lore-sick maid

violent; as, a lowo heat; a low temperature; or the rate of interest. Lower cheerly! To the dear mistress of my love-sick mind. Dryden. a low fever. -- 18. Plain ; simple; not rich, (naut.) the order to lower expeditiously. 2 Composed by a languishing lover, or ex high-seasoned, or nourishing; as, a low diet. Lower handsomely! (naut.) the order to pressive of languishing love.

19. Inclined to the Low Church. -- Low lower gradually: To lower spirits, among Where nightingales their love-sick ditty sing:

Church. See High Church under High, a. distillers, to reduce the strength of spirits

Dryden. - Low Countries, the Netherlands. — Low by mixing with water. - SYN. To depress, Love-sickness (luv'sik-nes), n. Sickness Dutch or Low German. See DUTCH and sink, reduce, lessen, diminish, decrease, caqsed by love; languishing caused by amor Low-GERMAN.Low Latin, the Latin of the humble, humiliate, abase. ous desire.

middle ages.- Low steam, steam having a Lower (lõ'ér), v.i. To fall; to sink; to grow Lovesomet (luv'sum), a. Lovely. Dryden. low pressure or expansive force. See Low less. Love-spell (luv'spel), n. A spell to induce

PRESSURE, a. - - Low Sunday, the Sunday Lower (lou'ėr), v.i. [Same word as D. loeren, love.

next after Easter: so called because it was to frown; L.G. luren, to look sullen; comp. But talking of Glaucus and his attachment to this

the practice of the early Christians to repeat also G. lauern, to lurk; E, leer; perhaps also Neapolitan, reminded me of the influence of loze. Spells, which he, for aught I know or care, may have

some part of the Easter-day services on the glouer.] 1. To appear dark or gloomy; to be bad exercised on hiin.

Lord Lytton.

octave of Easter. The day was a feast-day, clouded; to threaten a storm. And all the Love-suit (luv'sūt), n. Courtship; solicita

but the contrast between the lesser rites of clouds that lovered upon our house.' Shak. tion of union in marriage.

this day and the higher solemnities of Easter “The lowering spring.' Dryden.-2. To frown;

conferred on it this name. -Low water, the to look sullen. (His) love-suit hath been to me As fearful as a siege. Shak. lowest point of the ebb or receding tide. But sullen discontent sat lowering on her face.

Dryden. Love-toy (luv'toi), n. A small present from

Low wine, a liquor produced by the first a lover. Arbuthnot.

distillation of alcohol; the first run of the Lower (lou'ér), n. 1. Cloudiness; gloomiLoving (luv'ing), p. and a. 1. Entertaining

still. Lower chalk, in geol. the name given ness.--2. A frowning; sullenness. Sidney.

to a member of the chalk formation, distin Lower-case (lo'er-kās), n. a strong affection; having tender regard;

In printing, fond; affectionate; as, a loving friend.

guished by the absence of flints, and by the (a) the case of boxes that contains the

superior hardness of the chalk, which is small letters of printing - type. Hence, 2 Expressing love or kindness; as, loving words.

sometimes used for building-stone. - Lover (6) small letters of printing-type.

A large cup Loving-cup (luy'ing-kup), n.

Empire, a name sometimes given to the Lower-case (lo'er-kās), a. In printing, containing wine or other liquor passed

Roman Empire from the time of the removal applied to small letters, in distinction from round the table from guest to guest at of the seat of empire to Constantinople. capitals. See the noun.

Pertaining banquets, especially those of a ceremonious

Lower greensand, the lowest member of Lower-class (lõ'ér-klas), a. or imposing character.

the chalk series. Called also Shanklin-sand or having relation to persons of the poorer Lovingkindness (luv'ing-kind-nes), n. Tenand Iron-sand.

and humbler rank of society.

1. Not aloft; not on high; My firm belief likewise is, what I now speak of will der regard ; mercy; favour: a scriptural Low (lo), adv. word. near the ground; as, the bird flies very low. prove to be a middle-class rather than a lower-class

enfranchisement. 2. Under the usual price; at a moderate

Gladstone. My loving kindness will I not utterly take from him.

Ps. Ixxxix. 33.

price; as, he sold his wheat low. — 3. In a Lowered (lö'érd), p. and a. Brought down;

ch, chain; ch, Sc. loch;

[blocks in formation]

ng, sing;

[blocks in formation]

LOWERING

82

LUBBER

Of or per

n.

reduced; lessened. In her, applied to ordin- Low-pressure (lö'pre-shür), a. Having a low True or faithful in allegiance; devoted to aries abated from their common situation. degree of expansive force, and consequently the maintenance of law and order; faithful Lowering (lou’ér-ing), p. anda. Threatening exerting a low degree of pressure: often to the lawful government; faithful to a

a storm; cloudy; overcast; as, a lowering sky. applied to steam, but not with very much prince or superior; true to plighted faith, Loweringly (lou'ér-ing-li), adv. In a lower precision.-Low-pressure engine, an engine duty, or love; not treacherous; constant; ing manner; with cloudiness or threatening in which steam of a low pressure is em as, a loyal subject; a loyal wife. gloom. ployed, or in which the pressure on the

There Laodamia with Evadne moves, Lowermost (lö'ér - most), a. [ Irregular piston is never much more than two atmo

Unhappy both! but loyal in their loves. Dryden. superl. of low.) Lowest.

spheres. Formerly low-pressure engines Lowery (lou'èr-i), a. Cloudy; gloomy. were all condensing, and this latter pro

There sat the lifelong creature of the house,

Loyal, the dumb old servitor, on deck, Low-German (ló-jerman), n. The language perty formed the distinction between high Winking his eyes, and twisted all his face. spoken by the dwellers in the northern and pressure and low-pressure engines, but

Tennyson. flatter parts of Germany, and in many re many high-pressure engines are now con Loyalism (loi'al-izm), n. Loyalty. spects nearer to Dutch or Friesic than to densing.

Loyalist (loi'al-ist), n. A person who ad. High German

Until a short time ago all condensing engines were

heres to his sovereign or to constituted Low-German (lo- jėr'man), a.

low-pressure, now the inost efficient engines con authority; particularly, one who maintains

structed are certain marine engines (designed for taining to the language known as Lowvessels which make long voyages), which are high

his allegiance to his prince, and defends German; also in philol. applied to that class

his cause in times of revolt or revolution. pressure and condensing.

Pop. Ency of tongues of which Low-German is a mem

Loyally (loi'al-li), adv. In a loyal manner; ber, and which includes in addition Dutch, Low-spirited (lõ'spir-it-ed), a. Not having faithfully. Flemish, Friesic, Old Saxon, Anglo-Saxon,

animation and courage; dejected; depressed; Loyalness (loi'al-nes), n. Loyalty. (Rare.] and English. The ancient Gothic or Moso not lively or sprightly.

Loyalty (loi'al-ti), n. The state or quality Gothic is also generally classed with the Low-spiritedness (lo'spir - it-ed-nes), n.

of being loyal; faithfulness to a prince or Low - German tongues.

Dejection of mind or courage; a state of low superior, or to duty, love, &c.; constancy. Lowing (lo'ing), n. The bellowing or cry of spirits. cattle. Low-studded (lo'stud-ed), a. Furnished or He had . . . such loyalty to the king as the law

required

Clarendon, Lowland (loland), n. Land which is low with built with short studs; as, a low-studded house

or room. respect to the neighbouring country; a low

Goodrich.

Lozel (loz'el), n. Same as Losel. or level country. --The Lowlands, Belgium Lowt. See LOUT.

Lozenge (lozenj), n. (Fr. losange, probably and Holland; the Netherlands; also, the Low-water (lo'wa-tér), a. Relating to the the same as louange (O.Fr. losange, losenge, southern parts of Scotland.

lowest point of the ebb or receding tide; as, loange, L.L. laudemia, L. laus, praise : see Lowlander (löʻland-ér), n. An inhabitant the low-water mark. See WATER-MARK. LOSENGEOUR), praise; inscriptions or de

of the Lowlands, especially of Scotland: Low-worm (lo'wérm), 12. In farriery, a dis vices on heraldic shields, monumental slabs, opposed to Highlander. ease in horses like the shingles.

&c., may have been called louanges or losLow-life (loʻlit), n. Mean or vulgar state, Loxa-bark (loks'a-bark), n. A kind of Peru anges, from their tending to the exaltation condition, or social position; persons of a vian or cinchona bark, the produce of Cin

of the personages they belonged mean or vulgar state, condition, or social chona Condaminea.

to, and hence the term may have position; as, all the characters are taken from Loxarthrus (loks-ár’thrus), n. (Gr. loxos,

come to signify the objects themlow-life. twisted, and arthron, a joint.) In med.

selves. Wedgwood suggests Sp. Lowlihood, Lowlihead (lõ'li-hyd, loʻli-hed), an obliquity of a joint without dislocation

losa, Lang. laouzo, a slate or A humble state; meekness; humility. or spasm, as in the case of club-foot.

flat stone for paving ] 1. In [Antiquated or poetical.) Loxia (loks'i-a), n. (Gr. loxos, twisted. ]

geom. & figure with four equal 1. In med. a distortion of the head toward

sides, having two acute and two The stately flower of female fortitude, Of perfect wisehood, and pure lowlihead. Tennyson,

one side; wry-neck. -2. A genus of coni obtuse angles, called popularly a Diamond;

rostral insessorial birds, characterized by a rhomb.--2. Something resembling such a Lowlily (loʻli-li), adv. In a lowly manner; having a compressed beak, and the two figure in form : as, (a) in her. a bearing of humbly.

mandibles so much curved that their points such a shape, appropriate to the arms of Lowliness (löʻli-nes), n. The state of being

cross each other. The cross - bill (Loxia spinsters and widows. () A small cake of lowly: (a) freedom from pride; humility; curvirostra) is the type of this genus.

sugar, &c., often medicated, originally in humbleness of mind.

Loxiadæ, Loxiidæ (loks-i'a-dē, loks-i'l-de), the form of a rhomb, but now variously Walk ... with all lowliness and meekness. Eph. iv. 2. n. pl. The cross-bills, a family of conirostral shaped. (c) A small rhomb-shaped pane of (6) Want of dignity; abject state; meanness. birds, of which the genus Loxia the type.

glass, set in a leaden frame for a church (Rare.)

Loxodon, Loxodonta (loks'o-don, loks-o window or house-lattice. --Lozenge mouldLow-lived (lolīvd), a. Leading a mean life.

don'ta), n. [Gr. loxos, oblique, and odous, Lowly (löʻli), a. 1. Not high; not elevated in odontos, a tooth.) A sub-genus of elephants, place. The lowly lands.' Dryden.-2. Mean;

living and fossil, so called from the rhomblow; wanting dignity or rank.

shaped discs of the worn molars. For from the natal hour distinctive names,

Loxodromic (loks-o-drom'ik), a. (Gr. loxos, One common right the great and lowly claims. Pope,

oblique, and dromos, a course.) Pertaining

to oblique sailing, or sailing by the rhumb; 3. Not lofty or sublime; humble. as, loxodromic tables. - Loxodromic curve,

Lozenge Moulding. These rural poems and their lowly strain, Dryden. or line, or spiral, the path of a ship when 4. Having a low esteem of one's own worth; her course is directed constantly towards ing, a kind of moulding used in Norman humble; meek; free from pride. the same point of the compass, in a direction

architecture, of many different forms, all of Take my yoke upon you, and learn of me; for I am oblique to the equator, so as to cut all the

which are characterized by lozenge-shaped meek and lowly in heart.

Mat. xi. 29.
meridians at equal angles. It is a kind of

compartments or ornaments. Syn. Modest, meek, mild, humble, low, mean.

logarithmic spiral, having properties analo- Lozenged (loz'enjd), a. Made into the shape Lowly (lo'li), adv. In a low manner or

gous to those of the common logarithmic of lozenges. condition: (a) humbly; meekly; modestly.

spiral. It always approaches the pole, but Lozenge-shaped (loz'enj-shāpt), a. Having Be lowly wise.' Milton. (6) Without gran. never reaches it; so that a ship, by following

the form of a lozenge or deur or dignity; meanly. always the same oblique course, would con

rhomb. tinually approach nearer and nearer to the I will show myself highly fed and lowly taught. Shak.

Lozengy, Lozengee (loz'pole of the earth without ever arriving at

en-ji, loz'en-je), a. In Lowlyhede,t n. umility Chaucer. it. See RHUMB.

her. a term used to exLow-men (lo'men), n. pl. A kind of dice so Loxodromics (loks-o-drom'iks), n. The art of

press the field or any loaded as always to throw up low numbers. oblique sailing by the loxodromic or rhumb,

armorial charge which is See FULLAM. which always makes an equal angle with

divided by diagonal lines Lown (loun), n. [See LOON.) A low fellow; every meridian.

transversely into equal a scoundrel; a loon. Loxodromism (loks-od'rom-izm), n. The

parts or lozenges of difWe should have both lord and lown. Shak. tracing of a loxodromic curve or line; the

Lozengy argent ferent tinctures. Lown, Lownd (loun, lound), a. (See LOUN.) act of moving as if in a loxodromic curve.

and gules.

Lu (lo), n. and v. t. Same Sheltered. Prof. Wilson. (Scotch.)

Loxodromy (loks-od'ro-mi), n. Loxodromics. Lowness (lo'nes), 12. The state of being low: Loxomma (loks-om'ma), n. [Gr. loxos, Lubbard (lub’ård), n. A lubber. Sir W. (a) the state of being less elevated than some oblique, and omma, the eye.) A genus of Scott. thing else; as, the lowness of the ground or of fossil labyrinthodont amphibians, distin Lubber (lub'er), n. (Allied to looby, lob, the water after the ebl)-tide. (b) Meanness of guished from the other genera of labyrin W. llob, an unwieldy lump, a dull fellow, condition; low birth; humbleness of position. thodonts by the very oblique disposition llabi, a clumsy fellow, a lubber.] A heavy, (c) Meanness of mind or character; want of of the long axes of the eye-orbits.

clumsy fellow; a sturdy drone; a clown; dignity; as, haughtiness usually springs from Loxonema (loks-o-nē'ma), n. (Gr. loxos, specifically, a term applied by sailors to one lowness of mind (d) Want of sublimity in oblique, and nema, a thread.] A genus of who does not know seamanship. style or sentiment: the contrary to loftine 88. palæozoic fossil gasteropods, with pyra

And lingering lubbers lose many a penny. Tusser. (e) Submissiveness; as, the loveness of obed midal shells, so named from the striæ by ience. (T) Depression of mind; want of which the surface of many of the species --Lubber's point (naut.), a black vertical courage or fortitude; dejection; as, lowness are marked.

line drawn on the inside of the case of the of spirits. (g) Depression in fortune; a state Loxosoma (loks - 0 -so'ma), n (Gr. loxos, mariner's compass. This line, and the pin of poverty; as, the lowness of circumstances. oblique, and soma, body. ) A marine poly on which the card turns, are in the same (h) Depression in strength or intensity; as, the zoon-like animal, a connecting form between vertical plane with the keel of the ship, and lowness of hent or temperature; louness of the worms, the Polyzoa, and the Brachio hence the rhumb opposite to the lubber's zeal. (1) Depression in price or worth; as, the poda.

point shows the course of the ship at any lowness of price or value; the lowness of the Loy (loi), n. In agri. a long narrow spade time. The lubber's point, however, deviates funds or of the markets. (1) Graveness of used in stony lands. Farmer's Ency. from its proper position when the ship is sound; as, the loveness of notes. (k) Softness Loyal (loi'al), a. [Fr. loyal, O.Fr. loial, leial, heeled over, hence seamen do not implicitly of sound; mildness or gentleness of utter leal, from L. legalis, pertaining to law, from depend upon it, as indeed its name implies. ance; as, the lowness of the voice.

lex, legis, a law. Leal is another form.] - Lubber's hole (naut.), the vacant space

as Loo

LUBBERLY

83

LUCKLESS

Is. xiv. 12.

between the head of a lower-mast and the Lucanus (lū-kā'nus), n. [L.L. lucanus, sun- Lucidly (lū'sid-li), adv. In a lucid manner; edge of the top through which sailors may rise, from L. luceo, to shine-in allusion to with brightness; clearly. mount without going over the rim by the their splendid metallic colouring.) A genus Lucidness (lū'sid-nes), . The quality or

of beetles, the type of the family Lucanidæ. state of being lucid; brightness; clearness; Lucarne (lū’kärn), n. [Fr. lucarne, L. lu transparency; lucidity.

cerna, a lamp, from luceo, to shine.] A Lucifer (lū'si-fer), n. [L. lux, lucis, light, dormer or garret window.

and fero, to bring.) 1. The morning star; Lucaynet (lūkan), n. In arch. same as the planet Venus when she appears in the Lucarne.

morning before sunrise: when Venus folLuce (lūs), n. [L. lucius, a fish supposed to lows the sun, or appears in the evening, she be the pike.) A pike full grown: a fish used is called Hesperus, or the evening star. The as a heraldic bearing.

term is applied by Isaiah figuratively to a The pike is the luce of heraldry. ... There is no

king of Babylon in his brightness and splenearlier example borne in English heraldry than is

dour. afforded by the pikes on the arms of the family of How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of Lucy.

Moule (Heraldry of Fisk). the morning! how art thou cut down to the ground, (Shakspere, Merry Wives of Windsor, i. 1,

which didst weaken the nations! seems to allude to this. )

2. The prince of darkness; Satan; and hence, Lucent (lü'sent), a. (L. lucens, lucentis, ppr. a person of Satanic attributes. [This use of luceo, to shine. See LIGHT.] Shining; arises from an ancient belief that in the bright; resplendent. “The sun's lucent orb. above passage from Isaiah reference was Milton.

made to Satan.]
Rigging of Ship's Top.
Lucernt (lū'sėrn), n. (L. lucerna, from

And when he falls, he falls like Lucifer, SI, Top. 88, Lubber's holes. hk, Futtock-shrouds. luceo, to shine.) A lamp.

Never to hope again.

Shak. Lucern (lū’sérn), n. 1. A sort of hunting

3. A match ignitible by friction, either on fattock-shrouds. It is considered by sailors dog: so called perhaps from coming from any surface which offers the requisite amount as only fit to be used by lubbers. the canton of Lucerne in Switzerland.

of friction, or on a specially prepared surLubberly (lub'er-li), a. Like a lubber;

Let me have

face, usually made of a small splint of wood clumsy; clownish; as, a lubberly fellow or

My Lucerns too, or dogs inur'd to hunt

tipped with some explosive and inflammable boy.

Beasts of most rapine.

Chapman,

substance, as a mixture of chlorate of potass Lubberly (lub'er-li), ado. Clumsily; awk

2. An animal whose fur was formerly much and sulphuret of antimony, or more comwardly.

in request: by some supposed to be the monly of phosphorus and nitre. Called also Lubric, Lubrical (lübrik, lū'brik-al), a. (L.

lynx. Written also Lusern and Luzern. Lucifer-match.-4. A genus of crustaceans lubricus, slippery, hazardous, deceitful.]

The polecat, mastern, and the rich-skinned lucern allied to the Stomopoda. 1. Having a smooth surface; slippery. 'Her

I know to chase.

Beau. & Fl. Luciferian (lū-si-fē'ri-an), a. 1. Pertaining lubric throat.' Crashaw.-2. Wavering; un

to Lucifer; devilish. Lucernal(lū-sern'al), a. (L. lucerna, a lamp.) steady; uncertain. "The deep and lubric waves of state.' Sir H. Wotton. Thy lu

Of or pertaining to a lamp or other artifi That all that luciferian exorcism be blotted out. brical and glibbery muse.' B. Jonson. cial light. - Lucernal microscope, a com

Fer. Taylor. 3. Lascivious; wanton; lewd.

2. Belonging to the Luciferians. This lubric

pound microscope upon the principle of and adulterate age.' Dryden.

the solar microscope, but in which the ob- Luciferian (lū-si-fē'ri-an), n. One of a sect Lubricant (lü'brik-ant), a.

that followed Lucifer, bishop of Cagliari, (L. lubricans,

ject is illuminated by a lamp or other arti

ficial light instead of the sun's rays, the in the fourth century. They showed exlubricantis, ppr. of lubrico. See LUBRICATE. Í Lubricating

image being thrown upon a plate of ground treme hostility to the Arians.

Luciferite (lū’si-fér-it), n. Lubricant (lü'brik-ant), n. glass connected with the instrument, or on

Same as LucifeThat which lu

rian. bricates; specifically, a substance used to a screen independent of it.

Same diminish the friction of the working parts Lucernaria (lū-sér-nā'ri-a), n. [L. lucerna, Lucifer-match (lūʼsi-fer-mach), n. of machinery, as an oily or greasy substance.

a lamp.) A genus of Hydrozoa belonging to as Lucifer, 3.

the order Lucernariadæ. The body is some- Luciferous (lū-siffér-us), a. [See LUCIFER. ] Lubricate (lúbrik-át). o.t. pret. & pp. lubricated; ppr. lubricating. (L. lubrico, from

what bell-shaped and the tentacles are ar Giving light; affording light or means of

ranged in tufts. They affix themselves by discovery. Boyle. (Rare.] lubricus, slippery.) To make smooth or slippery; to rub or supply with some sub

a slender peduncle to sea-weeds, &c., and Luciferously (lū-sif'er-us-li), adv. In a lucistance, especially an oily or greasy substance, Lucernariadæ (lū-sér'na-rī"a-dē), n. pl. An are phosphorescent.

ferous manner; so as to enlighten or dis

cover. Sir T. Browne. (Rare. ! for the purpose of diminishing friction; as,

order of Hydrozoa, sub-class Lucernarida, Lucific (lū-sif'ik), a. (L. lux, lucis, light, and mucilaginous and saponaceous medicines lubricate the parts to which they are ap

including those species which have only a facio, to make.) Producing light. (Rare.) plied; to lubricate the parts of a machine.

single polypite, are fixed by a proximal Luciform (lū'si-form), a. (L. lux, lucis, light, Lubricate (lü'brik-āt), ā. Slippery. (Rare.]

hydrorhiza, and possess short tentacles on and forma, form.] Having the form of light;

the margin of the umbrella. The reproduc resembling light. (Rare.] Lubrication (lū-brik-ā'shon), n. The act of

tive elements are developed in the primi- Lucifriant (lū-sif'ri-an), a. Luciferian; lubricating or state of being lubricated.

tive hydrosome without the intervention of satanic. Laicifrian pride.' Marston. Lubricator (lū'brik-at-ér), n. One who or

free zooids. The genus Lucernaria may be Lucimeter (lü-sim'et-ér), n. [L. lux, lucis, that which lubricates; specifically, in mach.

regarded as the type. See LUCERNARIA. light, and Gr. metron, measure.) An inan oil-cup or other contrivance for supply Lucernarida (lū-ser-nar'i-da), n. pl. A sub

strument for measuring the intensity of the ing oil or grease to diminish

the friction be

class of the Hydrozoa, whose hydrosome light which proceeds from different bodies; tween rubbing surfaces.

has its base developed into an umbrella, in a photometer. Lubricity (lu-bris'i-ti), n. The state or qua

the walls of which the reproductive organs Lucina (lu-si'na), 17. 1. In Rom. myth. the lity of being lubric: (a) smoothness of sur

are produced. It has been divided into goddess who presided over the birth of face; slipperiness. (6) Aptness to glide over

three orders, Lucernariadæ, Pelagidæ, and children, said to have been the daughter anything or to facilitate the motion of Rhizostomidæ.

of Jupiter and Juno, but frequently conbodies in contact by diminishing friction. Lucerne, Lucern (lūésérn), n. [Perhaps

founded with Diana and Juno. - 2. The The lubricity of the oil.' Ray. (c) Insta

from the Celtic luzu, luzuen, a herb; although moon. Chaucer.-3. A genus of bivalve molbility; as, the lubricity of fortune. The lubricity of popular favour.' Sir H. Wotton.

against this etymology is the fact that the luscs, the type of the family Lucinidae.

plant was introduced from Italy into France Lucinidæ (lū-sin'i-dē), n. pl. A family of (d) Lasciviousness; propensity to lewdness; in the fifteenth century under the name of

lamellibranchiates whose characteristics lewdness; lechery; incontinency. Wan

clauserne, out of which arose the modern are: an orbicular and free shell; one or two tonness and lubricity.' Dryden.

French form luzerne.] The purple medick hinge-teeth; lateral teeth, one on each side Lubricous (lū'brik-us), a. Same as Lubric.

(Medicago sativa), a plant of the nat. order or obsolete; mantle-lobes open below, with Lubrifaction, Lubrification (lū-bri-fak' Leguminosæ. It is a valuable pasture and one or two siphonal orifices behind; and an shon, lū'bri-fi-ka"shon), n. [L. lubricus, and forage plant, extensively cultivated in some elongated, cylindrical, or strap-shaped foot. facio, to make.) The act or operation of of the chalky districts of England and Luck (luk), n. . [D. luk, geluk, G. glück, forlubricating or of making smooth and slip France. Whether as green food or as hay tune, prosperity. Probably allied to G. pery.

for horses it is inestimable. It yields two locken, to entice.] 1. That which happens Lucanidæ (lū-kā'ni-dē), n. pl. [The genus crops in the year.

to a person; an event, good or ill, affecting Lucanus, and Gr. eidos, resemblance.) The Lucid (lū’sid), a. [L. lucidus, from luceo, to a man's interest or happiness, and which is stag-beetles, a family of lamellicorn coleop shine. See LIGHT.] 1. Shining; bright; re deemed casual; a series of such events reterous insects, distinguished by the very splendent; as, the lucid orbs of heaven. A garded as happening by chance ; fortune; large and powerful mandibles with which court compact of lucid marbles.' Tenny

chance; accident; hap; as, good luck; ill luck. the males are furnished. They live during son. --2. Clear; transparent; pellucid; as, a

'Good or evil luck.' Shak.-2. A favourable the day in the trunks of trees and old wood, lucid stream.-3. Bright with the radiance issue or combination of events; good forand take flight at dusk. The larvæ of the

of intellect; not darkened or confused by tune; success; as, an extraordinary run of European species live in the willow and the

delirium or madness; marked by the regular luck in card-playing. oak, and remain untransformed for several

operations of reason; as, the lucid intervals Such, how highly soever they may have the luck years. The common stag-beetle (Lucanus of a deranged man.-4. Presenting a clear to be thought of, are far from being Israelites indeed. cervus) is a highly characteristic species of view; easily understood; distinct; as, a lucid

South. the group (see STAG-BEETLE), and is one of order or arrangement. A singularly lucid

SYN. Chance, accident, hap, fortune. the largest of British insects. This species and interesting abstract of the debate. Luckily (luk'i-li), adv. In a lucky manner; flies about in the evening in the middle Macaulay.

fortunately; by good fortune; with a favourof summer, especially round the oaks, upon Lucidity (lu-sid'i-ti), n. The state of being able issue; as, luckily, we escaped injury. the wood of which the larvæ feed. Some of lucid; as, (a) brightness; clearness; trans- Luckiness (luk'i-nes), n.

The state or quathe foreign genera of stag-beetles are reparency. Clearness of style ; quality of

lity of being lucky or fortunate; good formarkable for their brilliant colouring, such

being easily intelligible; intelligibility. tune; favourable issue or event; as, the as Lamprima, an Australian group, and Chi

luckiness of a man or of an event.

His lucidity, his dialectic skill, and the racy and asognathus, a curious genus from the isle

masculine style in which he wrote, made him a for- | Luckless (luk'les), a. Without luck; unof Chiloe.

midable antagonist.

Buckle. propitious; unfortunate; meeting with ill

LUCKLESSLY

84

LUGUBRIOUS

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success; as, a luckless gamester; a luckless consul Lucullus, who so much admired its standing end of the rope being fastened to maid.

compact variety as to honour it with his the single block, and the fall coming from Prayers made and granted in a luckless hour. name.) A sub-species of limestone, of which the double; variously used as occasion may

Dryden. there are three kinds, the compact, the require. Lucklessly (luk'les-li), adv. In a luckless

prismatic, and the foliated. It is often Lug (lug), v.t. pret. & pp. lugged; ppr. lugmanner; unfortunately; unsuccessfully. polished for ornamental purposes.

ging: (A. Sax. geluggian, to pull, to lug; Lucklessness (luk'les-nes), n. State of be- Lucuma (lū-kū'ma), n. [The native Peruvian originally perhaps to pull by the lug, ear ing unlucky or unfortunate.

name.] A genus of plants, nat. order Sapo or handle; Sw. lugga, to draw, to haul, Luck-penny (luk'pen-ni), 12. A small sum

tacew. The species are shrubs or large trees lugg, a forelock, a lock of wool. The noun, given back for luck to the payer by the per

yielding a milky juice. They have leathery however, may be from the verbal stem of son who receives money under a contract

entire leaves, and flowers growing in clus which the sense of dragging or hanging or bargain. [Scotch.)

ters on the sides of the branches. L. mam loose was perhaps the original; A. Sax. lycLucky (luk'i), a. 1. Favoured by luck; for

mosum is the common or mammee sapota. tunate; meeting with good success; as, a

can, luccan, Dan. luge, to pluck, and E. lag lucky adventurer. - 2. Producing good by Lucy (lū'si), n. See MAMMEE-SAPOTA.

may be allied.] 1. To haul; to drag; to pull In her, same as Luce.

with force, as something heavy and moved chance or unexpectedly; favourable; aus

Ludibrioust(lū-dib'ri-us), a. [L. ludibriosus, with difficulty. “Will lug your priests.' Shak. picious; as, a lucky adventure; a lucky time;

from ludibrium, mockery, derision, from a lucky cast.--3. Bulky; full; superabun

Jowler lugs him still ludo, to sport.] Ridiculous; sportive; wan

Through hedges.

Dryder. dant; as, lucky measure. (Scotch.)-SYN.

ton. Tooker. Successful, fortunate, prosperous, auspici- Ludibundness (lū'di - bund-nes), n. [L.

2. To tear the ears of.

Thy bear is safe and out of peril, ous.

ludibundus, sportive, playful, from ludo, to Lucky (luk'i), adv. Somewhat excessively;

Though lugg'd indeed, and wounded very ill

. sport.] Sportiveness; playfulness. Dr. H.

Hudibras. too; as, lucky severe; lucky long. [Scotch.] More. (Rare.)

3. To carry or convey with labour. Lucky, Luckie (luk'i), n. (Probably the ad- Ludicrous (lū'dik-rus), a. (L. ludicrus, from jective. Comp. goody, goodwife, lucky-dad,

They must divide the image amongst them, and so ludo, to play, to jest, ludus, a sport or game.] Ing off every one his share. lucky-minnie, and Fr. belle-mère, beau-père,

Feremy Collier. Sportive; burlesque; adapted to raise laugh&c.] An elderly woman; a grandam; goody:

-To lug out, to draw a sword: in burlesque. ter, without scorn or contempt. prefixed to a person's name; as, Lucky

Their cause they to an easier issue put,
M‘Laren. [Scotch.)

Plutarch quotes this instance of Homer's judgment, They will be heard, or they iug out and cut.
in closing a ludicrous scene with decency and in-

Dryden.
Lucky-dad, Lucky-daddie (luk'i-dad, luk' struction.

W. Broome, Lug (lug), v.i. To drag; to move heavily. i-dad-di), n. A grandfather. [Scotch.]

A chapter upon German rhetoric would be in the Lucky-minnie (luk'i-min-ni), n. A grand same ludicrous predicament as Van Troil's chapter

My flagging soul flies under her own pitch, .

Like fowl in air too damp, and lngs along, mother. (Scotch.)

on the snakes of Iceland, which delivers its business
in one summary sentence, announcing that snakes in

As if she were a body in a body. Dryden.
Lucrative (lū’kra-tiv), a. (Fr. lucratif; L.

Iceland-there are none.

De Quincey. lucrativus, from lucror, to gain profit, from

Lug (lug), n. (See the verb.] 1. The ear. lucrum, gain.] Yielding lucre or gain; gain

SYN. Laughable, sportive, burlesque, comic, [Provincial English and Scotch.1-2. A proful; profitable; making increase of money or droll, ridiculous.

jecting part of an object resembling the hu

In a ludigoods; as, a lucrative trade; lucrative busi- Ludicrously (lü'dik-rus-li), adv.

man ear; as, (a) the handle of a vessel. (6) A ness or office. ---Lucrative succession, in Scots crous manner; sportively; in burlesque; in a projecting piece in machinery, to communilaw, a passive title whereby an heir-apparent

manner to raise laughter without contempt. cate motion; specifically, a short flange by

The who accepts gratuitously of a grant from Ludicrousness (lü'dik-rus-nes), n. or to which something is fastened. (c) Å his ancestor of any part, however small, of

state or quality of being ludicrous; spor projecting piece upon a founder's flask' or the estate to which he is to succeed as heir,

tiveness; the quality of exciting laughter mould. -- 3. A pliable rod or twig; a pole. is thereby subjected to the payment of all without contempt.

Hence—4. A measure of length of 164 feet; the debts of the ancestor contracted prior Ludification (lū’di-fi-kā"shon), n. [L. Iudi a pole or perch. to the grant.

ficor, to make sport of-ludus, play, sport, Lug (lug), n. A lugworm (which see). Lucratively (lū'kra-tiv-li), adv. In a lucra

and facio, to make.) The act of deriding. Luggage (lug'āj), 1. (From the verb lug.) tive manner; profitably.

Ludificatory (lü-dif'i-ka-to-ri), a. Making 1. Anything cumbersome and heavy to be Lucre (lū'ker), n. [Fr. lucre, L. lucrum, gain.] sport; tending to excite derision.

carried. Gain in money or goods; profit: often in a In the sacraments of the Church there is nothing

What do you mean empty or vain, nothing ludificatory, but all thorough To dote thus on such luggage! Shak. bad sense, or with the sense of base or un

ly true.

Barrow. unworthy gain.

2. A traveller's packages or baggage. Ludlow Rocks (lud lõ roks), n. pl. In geol. The lust of lucre, and the dread of death. Pope. a portion of the upper Silurian rocks, 2000

I am gathering up my luggage and preparing for Lucriferous (lū-krif'er-us), a. . [L. lucrum,

Swift. feet in thickness. It is composed of three

my journey. gain, and fero, to produce.) Gainful; pro groups, the lower Ludlow rock or mudstone, Luggage-van (lug'āj-van), n. A waggon or fitable. Boyle. (Rare.]

the Aymestry limestone, and the upper carriage for holding luggage. Lucrifict (lü-krif'ik), a. [L. lucrum, gain, Ludlow rock. They have their name from Lugged, Lugget (lug'ged, lug'get), a. Havand facio, to make.] Producing profit; Ludlow in Shropshire, where they are char ing ears or appendages resembling ears. gainful. acteristically developed.

The lugget caup.' Burns. (Scotch.] Lucrous (lū’krus), a. Pertaining to lucre Ludus Helmontii (lū'dus hel-mon'ti-1), n. Lugger (lug'ér), n. (A vessel having lug. or gain. Cowper.

[From Jan Baptista Van Helmont, an emi. sails; D. logger.) A vessel carrying either Luctation (luk-tä'shon), n. [L. luctatio, nent Belgian chemist and physician of the two or three masts with a running bowsprit from luctor, to wrestle or strive.) Effort seventeenth century, who believed in the to overcome in contest; struggle; contest. efficacy of such stones. ] 1. A calcareous (Rare.)

stone, the precise nature not known, which Luctualt (luk'tū-al), a. (L. luctus, grief, was used by the ancients in calculous affec

from lugeo, luctum, to mourn.) Producing tions.--2. An old mineralogical term for a grief.

variety of septarium in which the sparry Lucubrate (lū'kū-brāt), v.i. [L. lucubro, to veins were frequent and anastomosing:study by candle-light, from obs. adj. lucuber, 3. A term formerly applied to every species bringing light, from lux, light.) To study of calculous concretion occurring in the by candle-light or a lamp; to study by night. animal body. Lucubrate (lū’kū-brāt), v.t. To elaborate, Lues (lū’ēz), n. (L.) A poison or pestilence; as by laborious night-study.

a plague.- Lues venerea, the venereal disLucubration (lū-ku-bra'shon), n. [L. lucubratio. See LUCUBRATE.) 1. Study by a lamp Luff (luf), n. [Goth. lofa, the palm of the or by candle-light; nocturnal study. -2. That hand. See LOOF.) The palm of the hand. which is composed, or is supposed to be Luff (luf), n. [D. loef, G. luf, weather-gauge; composed, by night; a literary composition akin to A. Sax. lyft, Sc. lift, G. luft, the air, of any kind.

the heavens, and E. loft. ] Naut. (a) the air The most trifling lucubration was denominated 'a or wind. (6) The weather-gauge or part of work.'

W. Irving a ship toward the wind. (c) The sailing of a Lucubrator (lü'kū-brāt-ér), n. One who ship close to the wind. (d) The weather part makes lucubrations.

of a fore-and-aft sail, or the side next the Lucubratory. (lū’kū-brā-to-ri), a. Composed mast or stay to which it is attached. (e) The

Lugger. by candle-light or by night; pertaining to fullest and broadest part of a vessel's bow; nocturnal studies. the loof. () A luff-tackle (which see). --To

and lug-sails. On the bowsprit are set two You must have a dish of coffee and a solitary can. spring her luff, to yield to the helm by sail

or three jibs, and the lug-sails hang obliquely dle at your side, to write an epistle lucubratory to ing nearer the wind: said of a ship.-Luff

to the masts. your friend.

Pope.
upon luff, one luff-tackle applied to the

fail Luggie (lug'i), n. A little wooden dish har.
Lucule (lü'kül), n. [From a fictive L. lucula, of another to afford an increase of purchase. ing lugs or ears. [Scotch.]
formed on type of macula from lux, lucis, Luff (luf), v.i. [D. loeven, to luff.) To turn

In order, on the clean hearthstane, light.] In astron, a luminous spot on the the head of a ship toward the wind; to sail The luggies three are ranged. Burns. sun.

near the wind. Hence, in the imperative, Lugmark (lug'märk), n. A mark cut in the Luculent (lūkū-lent), a. (L. luculentus, luff is an order to put the tiller on the lee ear of an animal, as a sheep or dog, to idenfrom luceo, to shine.] 1. Lucid; clear; trans side, in order to make the ship sail nearer

tify it. parent; bright; luminous; as, luculent rivers. the wind. Luff round, or luff a-lee, is the Lug-sail (lug'sāl), n. (Perhaps from the 2. Clear; evident; unmistakable.

extreme of this movement, intended to upper corner of the sail forming a kind of The most luculent testimonies that the Christian throw the ship's head into the wind.

lug.] A square sail bent upon a yard that religion hath. Hooker Luffer (luf'er). A form of Louvre.

hangs obliquely to the mast at one-third of Luculently (lū'kū-lent-li), adv. In a lucu- Luff-hook (luthök), n. Naut. one of the its length. lent manner; lucidly; clearly; luminously. hooks of a luff-tackle.

Lugubriosity (lū-gūbri-os”i-ti), n. Same
Max Müller.

Luff-tackle (luf'tak-1), n. Naut. a purchase as Lugubriousness.
Lucullite (lū-kul'līt), n. (From the Roman composed of a double and single block, the Lugubrious (lū-gü'bri-us), a. [L. lugubris,

ease.

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