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LUGUBRIOUSLY

85

LUMPFISH

mournful, from lugeo, to weep.) Mournful; loins formed upon the psoas muscle ; a quality of being luminant; luminosity; indicating sorrow; as, a lugubrious look. chronic collection of pus which forms in the luminousness. (Rare.] Beppo dived deep down into the lugubrious and cellular substance of the loins behind the

The muse of these people . . . is such a humble, obscure regions of Rascaldom.

Carlyle. peritoneum, and descends in the course of home-born thing that they think of her no more than Lugubriously (lü-gü'bri-us-li), adv. In a the psoas muscle.-Lumbar region, the pos

Ouida.

a fire-fly does of her luminance. lugubrious manner; mournfully; sadly. terior portion of the body between the false Luminant (lū’min-ant), a. [See LUMINARY.] Lugubriousness (lū-gü'bri-us-nes), n. The ribs and the upper edge of the haunch bone. Emitting light; shining; luminous.

state or quality of being lugubrious; sorrow Lumbarde,t n. (See LOMBARD.) A Lom- Lum nary (lūm'in-a-ri), n. [Fr. luminaire, fulness; sadness.

bard; hence, a banker; a money-lender. from L. lumen, luminis, light, for lucmen, Lugworm (lug'werm), n. An annelid or

Chaucer.

from luceo, to shine.] 1. Any body that worm belonging to the order Errantia, and Lumber (lum hér), n. [According to some gives light, but chiefly one of the heavenly the genus Arenicola (A. piscatorum), in

lumber is another form of Lombard, a lum bodies. habiting deep canals in the muddy sand of ber-room, or Lombard-room, being the room

Where the great luminary the shore, through which it eats its way as where the Lombard pawnbrokers or money

Milton.

Dispenses light from far. it proceeds, passing the sand through the

lenders stored their unredeemed pledges. Hence--2. One who is a source of intellecalimentary canal, so as to extract any nutri

Hence, after a time, furniture stowed away tual light; a person that illustrates any ment from it which it may contain, and

in any unused chamber came to be called subject, or enlightens mankind; as, Bacon throwing up the remainder in innumerable lumber; and since such furniture is often and Newton were distinguished luminaries coils called casts. It possesses a large head

heavy, clumsy, and out of date, we call a in the spheres of philosophy and science. without eyes or jaws, and with a short pro

clumsy man a lumbering fellow, and our Luminatet (lūm'in-át), v.t. (L. lumino, lumboscis. The breathing organs are thirteen

American cousins have given heavy timber inatum, from lumen, light.) To illuminate. pairs of scarlet tufts, and the sides are fur the name of lumber.' Isaac Taylor. The Lumination t (lüm-in-a'shon), n. Same as nished with stiff bristles, by means of which

above etymology, however, though ingenious, Illumination. it walks. It is larger than the earthworm,

is improbable, except as regards meaning 3. Luminet (lūm'in), v.t. To enlighten. See being sometimes a foot long. It inhabits

The word, in the sense of cumbrous objects, ILLUMINE. our own coasts, and is much esteemed for

is more probably a nasalized form from the Luminiferous (lūm-in-if'er-us), a. (L. lumen, bait Called also Lob-worm.

root of lubber, looby, &c. Comp. E. lump; D. light, and fero, to produce.) 1. Producing Luke (lūk), a. (From or at least allied to

lomp, clumsy, lomp, an ugly thing, a rag, light; yielding light. -- 2. Serving as the A. Sax. wiæc, warm, lukewarm; Dan. lunken,

belemmeren, G. belemmern, belampern, to medium for conveying light; as, the lumilukewarm, tepid; 0. E. and Sc. lew, lewe,

hinder or impede; G. lumpen, a rag; lumpen niferous ether. warm, lukewarm; G. lau, lauwarm. Wedg

kammer, a lumber-room; Sw. lumpor, rags, Luminosity (lūm-in-os'i-ti), n. The quality wood, however, connects it with W. llug,

old clothes. Probably various words are of being luminous; luminousness. partly, to some extent, as in llugaer, luke

mixed up in this form.) 1. Anything useless Laplace conceives that, in its primitive state, the warm.] Lukewarm.

and cumbersome,or things bulky and thrown sun consisted in a diffused luminosity so as to reLukeness + (lūk'nes), n. Lukewarmness. aside as of no use.

semble those nebulæ among the fixed stars.

kewell. Lukewarm (lük'warm), a. (Luke and warm.]

The very bed was violated 1. Moderately warm ; tepid; as, lukewarm

And thrown among the common lumber. Otway.

Luminous (lūm'in-us), a. (L. luminosus; Fr.

lumineux.] 1. Shining; emitting light, water; lukewarm heat. -2. Not ardent; not 2. In America, timber sawed or split for use; whether original or reflected; as, the sun zealous; cool; indifferent; as, lukewarm as beams, joists, boards, planks, staves, and the moon are luminous bodies. obedience; lukewarm patriots.

hoops, and the like. — 3.1 A pawnbroker's 2. Bright; brilliant; clear; as, a luminous Because thou art lusewarm, and neither cold nor shop or apartment in which pledges were colour. hot, I will spue thee out of my mouth. Rev. iii, 16. stored; a pledge; a pawn. • The lumber for Far in the west there lies a desert land, where the Lukewarmly (lūk'warm - li), adv. In a their proper goods recover.' Butler.

mnountains lukewarm degree or manner: (a) with mode

They put all the little plate they had in the lumber,

Lift, through perpetual snows, their lofty and lum.
INOKS Summits.

Longfellotu. rate warmth. (6) With indifference; coolly.

which is pawning it, till the ships came,

Lady Murray (Quoted by Trench). Lukewarmness (lūk'warm-nes), n.

3. Clear, as if illuminated; as, a luminous The state or quality of being lukewarm : (a) a

4. Harm; mischief. (Local.)-5. Foolish and essay or argument. mild or moderate heat. (6) Indifference;

obscene talk; ribaldry. (Provincial Eng Calculated to place his disinterested pursuit of lish.)

truth in a luminous aspect. want of zeal or ardour; coldness.

De Quincey. The defect of zeal is lukewarmness, or coldness in

Lumber (lum'ber), v.t. 1. To heap together Luminously (lūm'in-us-li), adv. In a lumreligion.

in disorder. -2. To fill with lumber; as, to inous manner; with brightness or clearness. Sprat. lumber a room.

The Lukewarmth (lūk'warmth), n.

Luminousness (lüm'in-us-nes), n. Moderate

1. To move heavily. quality of being luminous; brightness; warmth; lukewarmness; indifference. Ad Lumber (lum'bėr), v.i. dison

2. To make a heavy rumbling noise; to clearness; as, the luminousness of the sea; rumble.

the luminousness of ideas, arguments, or Lull (lul), v.t. (Dan. lulle, Sw. lulla, G. lub

A boisterous gush of wind luinbering amongst it.

method. len, to sing to sleep, D. lollen, to sing badly,

Chapman,

Let us consider a little each of these characters in Icel. liria, to sing, to trill or whistle. Formed The post-boy's horse right glad to miss

succession; and first, what is very peculiar to this probably from an imitation of the sound; The lumbering of the wheels. Corper.

church, its luminousness, This perhaps strikes the comp. L. lallo, to sing lullaby.) To quiet; 3. In America, to cut timber in the forest traveller more from its contrast with the excessive to compose; to cause to rest by gentle, sooth and prepare it for the market.

gloom of the Church of St. Mark's. Ruskin. ing means.

Lumberdar (lum'ber-där), n. (Hind.) The Lummox (lum'moks), n. A fat, unwieldy, Under the canopies of lofty state,

head man of a village. (Anglo-Indian.) stupid person. (Provincial English and And Iuld with sound of sweetest melody. Shak.

(He) said he was the lumberdar or head man of a American.)
Such sweet compulsion doth in music lie,
To lull the daughters of necessity.

W. H. Russell.
neighbouring village.
Milton.

Lummy (lum'i), a. Jolly; first-rate. [Slang. ) Lumberer (lum'bér-ér), n. In America, a To think of Jack Dawkins-Tummy Jack-the Lull (lul), v.i. To subside; to cease; to be

person employed in cutting lumber or tim Dodger, the artful Dodger, going abroad for a comcome calm; as, the wind lulls.

Dickens.

mon twopenny-balfpenny sneeze-box!

ber and getting it from the forest; a woodLull (lul), n. 1. Power or quality of sooth cutter.

Lump (lump), n. [O.D. lompe, N. lump, ing. Yonder lull of falling waters.' Young. Lumber-house, Lumber-room (lum'ber

piecē, mass, Sw. lump, a piece cut from 2 A season of temporary quiet after storm, hous, lum'bėr-róm), n. A house or room for

a log; allied probably to Ê. lubber, lumtumult, or confusion. the reception of lumber, or useless things.

ber, lunch. ] 1. A small mass of matter, Lullaby (lulla-bi), n. A song to lull or quiet Lumber-man (lum bėr-man), n. Same as

of no definite shape; as, a lump of earth; babes; that which quiets. Lumberer.

a lump of butter; a lump of sugar. - 2. A Drinking is the lullaby used by nurses to still cry. Lumber-room, n.

See LUMBER-HOUSE. mass of things blended or thrown together ing children.

Locke.
Lumber-waggon (lum'bér-wag-on), n. In

without order or distinction; as, copper, Luller (lulėr), n. One that lulls; one that America, a kind of waggon used by farmers

iron, gold, silver, lead, tin, promiscuously fondles.

for carrying their produce to market. in one lump. - In the lump, the whole toLum (lum), n. (W. llumon, a chimney, from Lumber-yard (lum'bér-yard), n. A timber gether; in gross. 'They may buy them in llum, that shoots up or projects in a point.) yard. (American.)

the lump.' Addison. 1. A chimney: [ Provincial English and Lumbric (lum'brik), n. [L. lumbricus, a Lump. (lump), v.t. 1. To throw into a mass; Scotch.] - 2. A woody valley. -- 3. A deep worm.) A worm. Clarke. (Rare.)

to unite in a body or sum without distincpool (Provincial English.) Lumbrical(lum'brik-al), a. (L. lumbricus, a

tion of particulars. Lumachel, Lumachella (lū'ma-kel, lū’ma worm.) Pertaining to or resembling a worm; The expenses ought to be lumped. Ayliffe. kel-la), n. (It. lumachella, from lumachella, as, the lumbrical muscles of the fingers and a little snail, dim. of lumaca, a snail, from

2. To take in the gross; to regard or speak toes.

of collectively. L limar, a snail. Named from the shells it | Lumbrical (lum'brik-al), n. A muscle of contains.) A calcareous stone composed of

Not forgetting all others, whom for brevity, but the fingers and toes, so named from its re

out of no resentment to you, I lump all together. shells and coral conglutinated, but so far sembling a worm. Of these muscles, there

Sterne retaining their organization as to exhibit are four of the fingers and as many of the Lump (lump), v.i. To be sulky. (Provincial different colours, and so hard as to admit of toes.

English. If you don't like it, you may lump polish. When red colours predominate it Lumbricidæ (lum-bris'i-de), n. pl. The it, if you do not choose to take what is is called Fire-marble.

earthworm family, a family of annelids be offered, you may sit in the sulks. Lumbaginous (lum-baj'in-us), a. Pertain longing to the order Oligochæta, comprising Lumper (lump'er), n. A labourer employed ing to lumbago.

only the genus Lumbricus. See EARTH to load and unload vessels when in harbour. Lumbago (lum-bā'go), n. [L., from lumbus, WORM

Lumpfish (lump'fish), n. An acanthopteryloin. ] In med. rheumatism or rheumatic Lumbriciform (lum-bris'i-forni), a. (L. gious fish of the genus Cyclopterus (C. lumpains affecting the lumbar region.

lumbricus, a worm, and forma, shape.) pus), and family Discoboli, so named from Lumbal (Ium'bal), a. Same as Lambar. Resembling a worm in shape.

the clumsiness of its form. The back is Lumbar (lum bär), a. (L. lumbus, a loin. ] Lumbricus (lum-bri'kus), n. [L., a worm.) arched and sharp, the belly flat, the body Pertaining to the loins: a term applied to A genus of annelids, the type of the family is covered with sharp black tubercles, and the vertebræ, muscles, nerves, arteries, Lumbricidæ, and comprising the earth on each side there are three rows of large yeins, &c., belonging to the region of the worms. See EARTHWORM.

bony scales and another row on the back. loins. Lumbar abscess, an abscess of the Luminance (lü'min-ans), n. The state or The ventral fins are modified into a very

LUMPING

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LUNI-CURRENT

strong sucker, by means of which it adheres Lunary (lū'na-ri), n. A plant, moonwort Lums (lungh: Punta Saxconnges al langen: with great force to any substance to which (which see). it applies itself. Before the spawning sea- Lunate, Lunated (lū'nāt, lū'nāt-ed), a. Hav lunge. Wedgwood may be right in tracing son it is of a brilliant crimson colour, ing a form resembling that of the half-moon; the root-meaning to lightness or sponginess, mingled with orange, purple, and blue, but crescent-shaped; as, a lunate leaf.

seen in Bav. luck, lunk, light. Comp. lights.) afterwards changes to a dull blue or lead Lunatic (lū'nat-ik), a. [L. lunaticus. See 1. In anat. one of the two organs of respiracolour. It sometimes weighs 7 lbs., and its LUNACY.) 1. Affected by lunacy; mad; in tion in air - breathing animals. They are flesh is very fine at some seasons, though sane; as, a lunatic person. Shak.-2. Indi situated one on each side of the chest, and insipid at others. It frequents the nor cating or exhibiting lunacy. 'Bedlam beg. separated from each other by the heart and thern seas, and is often brought to the gars, from low farms, sometimes with lunatic larger blood-vessels. Each is inclosed in Edinburgh and London markets. In the bans, sometimes with prayers.' Shak. its own serous membrane, called the pleura. former it bears the name of Cock-paddle or Lunatic (lu'nat-ik), n.

A person affected The general form of the lung is pyramidal, Cock-paidle. Called also Lumpsucker from by lunacy; an insane person; properly, one

the base resting on the diaphragm, the apex its power of adhesion, and Sea-owl from its who has lucid intervals; a person of un

extending to the base of the neck. Each uncouth appearance.

sound mind; a madman.-Lunatic asylum, lung is divided into two lobes by a deep Lumping (lump'ing), p. and a. Bulky;

house or hospital established for the re

transverse fissure near its middle, the upper heavy. Arbuthnot. ception of lunatics.

lobe of the right lung being again partially Lumpish (lump'ish), a. 1. Like a lump; Lunation (lū-na'shon), 1. [L. L lunatio, heavy; gross; bulky.-2. Dull; inactive.

lunationis, from L. luno, lunatum, to bend That lumpish idiot. Crabbe.

like a half-moon or crescent, from luna, a Lumpishlý (lump'ish-li), adv. In a lump

moon.) The period of a synodic revolution ish manner; heavily; with dulness or stu

of the moon, or the time from one new moon pidity:

to the following. Lumpishness (lump'ish-nes), n. The qua- Lunch (lunsh), n. (Prov. E., a lump or lity of being lumpish; heaviness; dulness;

piece, probably a form lump, as hunch stupidity.

of hump, bunch of bump, dunch (Sc.) of Lumpsucker (lump'suk-ér), n. See LUMP

dump. The use of the word to mean food FISH.

taken between meals is paralleled by the Lump-sugar (lump'shy-gér), n. Loaf-sugar

common Scotch use of piece in this sense.) broken into small pieces.

A luncheon (which see). Lumpy (lump'i), a. Full of lumps or small Lunch (lunsh), v.i. To take a lunch. compact masses.

Luncheon (lunsh'on), n. (A longer form of Luna (lū’na), n. [L., for lucna, from luceo,

lunch, perhaps for lunching; or the terminato shine.] 1. The moon. — 2. In old chem.

tion may be borrowed from nuncheon, which silver. - Luna cornea, fused chloride of silver, so called from its horn-like appearseems to be really a word of different origin

Human Lungs, Heart, and great Vessels. altogether. See NUNCHEON.] 1. A lump A, Lungs with the anterior edges turned back to ance. of bread; a slice.

show the heart and bronchia. B, Heart. C, Aorta Lunacy (lū'na-si), n. [From L. lunaticus,

I sliced the luncheon from the barley-loaf. Gay.

D, Pulmonary artery. E, Ascending vena cava. lunatic, moon-struck, from luna, the moon.)

F, Trachea. GG, Bronchia, HH, Carotid arteries. A species of insanity or madness; properly,

2. A slight repast or meal between break II, Jugular veins. JJ, Subclavian arteries. KK, Subfast and dinner-formerly between dinner

clavian veins. PP, Costal cartilages. the kind of insanity which is broken by

2. Anterior intervals of reason - formerly supposed to and supper; food taken at any time except

cardiac artery. R. Right auricle. be influenced by the changes of the moon; Luncheon (lunsh'on), v.i. To take lunch or at a regular meal.

divided. The left lung is narrower than the madness in general; insanity, or any un

luncheon. soundness of mind. --Commission of lunacy.

right, but is somewhat longer. Their sub

stance is light and spongy, and being filled See under COMMISSION. — Commissioner in While ladies are luncheoning on Perigord pie, or with air-cells floats readily on water. When lunacy, a commissioner appointed by statute

coursing in whirling britskas, performing all the sin. to visit and superintend asylums and grant gular ceremonies of a London morning in the heart

the chest is expanded, the air, passing down of the season.

Disraeli. the windpipe into the capillary ramifications licenses to persons who wish to open houses Luncheon-bar (lunsh'on-bär), n. A part of

of the bronchi, acts on the blood that has for the reception of patients. —SYN. Insanan inn or public-house where luncheon can

been vitiated by circulation, exchanging ity, derangement, craziness, mania. be had.

gases with it through the walls of the airLunar (lūnėr), a. (L. lunaris, from luna, Lune (lun), n. [L. luna, the moon.) 1. Any

vessels. Thus purified the blood returns to the moon.) 1. Pertaining to the moon; as, lunar observations.--2. Measured by the re

thing in the shape of a crescent or half the left auricle of the heart, and the air, volutions of the moon; as, lunar days or moon. [Rare. 12. In geom. a figure formed

laden with carbonic acid, is expelled by the years.-3. Resembling the moon; round. on a sphere or on a plane by two arcs of

collapse of the chest. Among birds the circles which inclose a space.

lungs do not hang free in the cavity of the In the right hand a pointed dart they wield;

thorax, but are attached to the ribs and The left, for ward, sustains a lunar shield.

The lune of Hippocrates is famous as being the
Dryden.
first curvilinear space whose area was exactly deter-

backbone, the bronchi opening into the air 4.7 Influenced by the moon.

mined.

Daries. canals of the body. In reptiles the lungs They have denominated some herbs solar and 3.1 A fit of lunacy or madness; a freak; a

are much more simple, but differ little from some lunar, and such like toys put into great words. crotchet; a whim. Those dangerous unsafe

the mammal type. In serpents only one Bacon. lunes i' the king.' Shak.

lung is fully developed, the other being -Lunar bone, one of the bones of the wrist. - Lunar caustic, nitrate of silver.-Lunar Lune (lūn), n. [Probably another form of

rudimentary. In amphibians partially, and line.) A leash; as, the lune of a hawk.

in fishes wholly, the lungs are replaced by cycle, the period of time after which the Lunet + (lü'net), n. [See LUNETTE.) A little

gills.-2. pl. (a) A person having a strong new moons return on the same days of the moon; a satellite. Bp. Hall.

voice. () A servant who blew the fire of an year. See CYCLE. - Lunar distance (naut. Lunette (lú-net), n. (Fr, lunette, dim. of

alchemist. astron.), a term denoting the distance of

That is his fire-drake,

L. luna, the moon.] 1. In the moon from the sun, or from a fixed star

His lungs, his zephyrus, he that puffs his coals. fort. a work in the form of

B. Forson. or planet lying nearly in the line of its path,

a redan with flanks, used Lunge (lunj), 1. [Contr. from allonge (which by means of which the longitude of a ship

as an advanced work.-2. In at sea is found. - Lunar method (naut.

see). ) A sudden thrust or pass, as with a

farriery, a half horse-shoe, astron.), the method of determining the lon

sword. Formerly written Longe.

which wants the sponge, or Lunge (lunj), v.i. To make a thrust or pass, gitude of a place or ship from the observation of lunar distances. - Lunar month.

that part of the branch as with a sword or rapier; as, he instantly Lunette.

which runs toward the See MONTH.-Lunar observation generally

lunged at him.

quarters of the foot.-3. A Lunge (lunj), v.t. In the manege, to exercise means an observation of the moon's dis

piece of felt to cover the eye of a vicious tance from a star for the purpose of finding

(a horse) by running round in a ring while horse.-4. In arch. an aperture for the adthe longitude.-Lunar tables: (a) in astron.

held by a long rein. Thackeray. tables of the moon's motions arranged for mission of light in a concave ceiling : such Lunged (lungd), a.

1. Having lungs. 2. Draware the upper lights to the naves of St. computing the moon's true place at any

ing in and expelling air like the lungs. The Peter's at Rome and of St. Paul's in Lontime past or future. (6) In navigation, lo

lunged bellows.' Dryden. don.-5. A kind of watch-glass, flattened in Lungeous (lunj'us), a. (0.Fr. longis, a lout, garithmic tables for correcting the apparent distance of the moon from the sun, or from

the centre; also, a kind of convexo-con from long, long.) Awkward; rough; cruel; a fixed star on account of refraction and

quarrelsome. [Provincial.) parallax. Lunar theory, the deduction of

Lung-grown (lung'gron), a. In med. having the moon's motion from the law of gravita

lungs that adhere to the pleura. tion.- Lunar year. See YEAR.

Lungie (lung'i), n. The guillemot. Sir W. Lunar (lū’nėr), n. In navigation, lunar dis

Scott. (Scotch.) tance.

Lungis, t n. [O. Fr. longis. See LOUNGE.) A Lunaria (lū-na'ri-a), n. (From L. luna, the

lingerer; a dull, drowsy fellow. Beau. & Fl. moon.) A genus of biennial and perennial

Lungless (lung'les), a. Having no lungs. cruciferous herbs, natives of central and

Lungwort (lung'wert), n. 1. A plant of the southern Europe: so called from the broad

genus Pulmonaria (P. officinalis), nat, order silvery dissepiments of the pod resembling

Boraginaceæ. It is a common garden flower, a full moon. One of the species (L. biennis)

having red and purple tubular blossoms, is known by the English names of honesty

and leaves speckled like human lungs, and or satin flower. It is a tall erect biennial,

on account of this resemblance has been with large cordate leaves and terminal ra

Lunette, St. Paul's, London.

used in pulmonary diseases. — 2. A lichen cemes of purple or white flowers.

(Sticta pulmonacea) growing abundantly on Lunarian (lu-nā'ri-an), n. An inhabitant of cave lens for spectacles.-6. In archæol. a trunks of trees in moist alpine countries. the moon.

crescent-shaped penannular concave plate It is occasionally used like Iceland-moss in Lunary (lū’na - ri), a. Same as Lunar. of metal, apparently worn as an ornament diseases of the lungs. Fuller, about the neck.

Luni-current (lū’ni-ku-rent), a. Having

[graphic]
[graphic]

LUNIFORM

87

LUSHBURG

relation to phases in currents, depending gated, more rarely pink, yellow, or white, wild beasts.] 1. In falconry, an object someon the changes of the moon.

in terminal racemes. L. albus is much what resembling a bird thrown into the air Luniform (lü'ni-form), a. (L. luna, the grown in Italy and Sicily for forage, as well to recall a hawk, often a bunch of feathers moon, and forma, shape.] Resembling the as for the seeds, which are used as food. or several wings tied together and attached moon.

Lupous (lū'pus), a. Wolfish; like a wolf. to a cord. The hawk being accustomed to Lunisolar (lū-ni-sõlår), a. (L. luna, moon, [Rare.)

get pieces of flesh to eat from the lure, and solaris, from sol, sun.] Compounded of thé Lupulin, Lupuline (lū'pū-lin), n. [L. lu this object comes to have a great influence revolutions of the sun and moon; resulting pulus, hops.] 1. The peculiar bitter aro on it, so that it will return when the falconer from the united action of the sun and moon. matic principle of the hop. Called also swings the lure about and whistles or calls. -Lunisolar precession, in astron. that por Lupulite. ---2. The fine yellow powder of Hence-2. Any enticement; that which intion of the annual precession of the equi hops, which contains the bitter principle. vites by the prospect of advantage or pleanores which depends on the joint action of It consists of little round glands, which are sure. With a smile made small account of the sun and moon. --Lunisolar period, that found upon the stipules and fruit, and is beauty and her lures.' Milton. after which the eclipses again return in the obtained by drying, heating, and then sift- Lure (lūr), v.i. To call an animal, especially same order. — Lunisolar year, a period of ing the hops. It is largely used in medicine.

a hawk. time consisting of 532 common years, found Lupulite (lū'pu-lit), n. Bee LUPULIN, 1.

Standing near one that lured loud and shrill. Bacon. by multiplying the cycle of the sun by that Lupus (lū'pus), n. (L., a wolf.] 1. In astron. of the moon. one of the southern constellations, situated

At whatsoever hour of the day the boy lured for

him, and called 'Limo,' were the dolphin never so Lunisticet (lü'nis-tis), n. (L. luna, the on the south of Scorpio.-2. In med. a slow close hidden, out he would, and come abroad. moon, and sto, sleti, or sisto, to stand.] In non-contagious tubercular affection, occur

Holland astron. the farthest point of the moon's ring especially about the face, and com Lure (lūr), v. t. pret.& pp. lured; ppr. luring. northing and southing in its monthly revol monly ending in ragged ulcerations of the 1. In falconry, to attract by a lure, as a ution.

nose, cheeks, forehead, eyelids, and lips. It hawk; to attract to a lure by the voice. Luni-tidal (lū'ni-ti-dal), a. Relating to is so termed from its eating away the flesh.

O, for a falconer's voice, tidal motions dependent on the moon. It is also called Noli-me-tangere. - Lupus

To lure this tassel-gentle back again! Shak. Lunt (unt), n. (D. lont, Dan. and G. lunte, metallorum, the alchemical name of stib 2. To entice; to attract; to invite by any. a match.) (1. The match-cord used for firing nite or sulphide of antimony.

thing that promises pleasure or advantage. cannon.-2. A burning match; a light, as of Lurch (Lerch), n. [O. Fr. lourche, ourche, It. * Lured on by the pleasure of this bait.' Sir a pipe; a flame; a column of flame and smoke; lurcio, G. lurz, lurtsch, a lurch at cribbage.) W. Temple. a column of smoke, as that arising from a A term at the game of cribbage, denoting the

And various science lures the learned eye. Gay, tobacco-pipe vigorously puffed. [Scotch.) position of a player who has not made his She fufft her pipe wi' sic a lunt. Burns. thirty-first hole when his opponent has Lurid (lūr'id), a. (L. luridu8.) Pale yellow,

pegged his sixty-first. The loser in such a as flame; ghastly pale; gloomy; dismal. Lunt (lunt), v.i. To emit smoke; to flame;

case is said to be left in the lurch, in French All these thoughts of love and strife to be on fire. (Scotch.] expressed by il demeura lourche (Cotgrave).

Glimmered through his lurid life. Longfellow. The luntin pipe, an' sneeshin mill,

Hence, to leave in the lurch, to leave in a Are handed round wi' right guid-will.

2. In bot. having a dirty brown colour, a Burns.

difficult situation or in embarrassment; to little clouded. Lunula (lü'nü-la), n. (Dim. of L. luna, the leave in a forlorn state or without help. Lurk (lerk), v.i. (Apparently correspondmoon.) Something in the shape of a little Cotgrave.

ing to N. luska, Dan. luske, to lurk, to skulk; moon or crescent; specifically, in anat. the Lurch (lèrch), v.i. (A form of lurk, as church allied to Dan. lur, G. lauer, an ambush or small white semilunar mark at the base of of kirk, birch of birk, bench of bank, &c. See watching; perhaps to louer (v.i.), listen, &c. the nails.

LURK.] 1. To withdraw to one side or to a See LURCH, v.i.] 1. To lie hid; to lie in wait Lunular (lü'nü-lér), a. [From L. lunula, private place; to lie in ambush or in secret;

Let us lay wait for blood, let us lurk privily for dim. of luna, the moon.) Having a form to lie close; to lurk.

the innocent.

Prov. i. 11. like that of the new moon; shaped like a Fond of prowling and lurching out at night after 2. To lie concealed or unperceived. small crescent.

their own sinful pleasures.

Kingsley. Lunulate, Lunulated (lü'nü-lät, lü'nü-låt.

The spectral form of an awful fate dominating all 2. To shift; to play tricks.

things human and divine might lurk in the backed), a. (From L. lunula, dim. of luna, the

I am fain to shuffle, to hedge, and to lurch. Shak.

ground, but it did not obtrude itself or mar the fairmoon.) Resembling a small crescent; as, a

ness or completeness of that seemly human life in lunulate leaf.

3. To roll suddenly to one side, as a ship in which the spirit found satisfaction and rest. Lunule (lū’nūl), 12. [L. lunula, dim. of luna, a heavy sea; to stagger to one side, as a tipsy

Dr. Caird. man.

Lurker (lérk'èr), n. One that lurks or keeps the moon.) Something in the shape of a little moon or crescent; as, (a) a crescent

Lurch (lèrch), n. (See LURCH, v.i.] Naut. out of sight. like mark or spot on some bivalve shells.

a sudden roll of a ship.--Lee lurch, a sudden Lurking-hole, Lurking-place (lérk'ing

roll to the leeward, as when a heavy sea höl, lerk'ing-plás), n. A place in which one (6) In geom. a lune. See LUNE. Lunulet (lü'nü-let), n. (L. lunula, dim. of strikes the ship on the weather side.

lurks or lies concealed; a secret place; a luna, the moon.) In entom. a small spot in

Lurch (lèrch), v.t. (Partly based on LURCH, hiding-place; a den. insects shaped like a half-moon, and differ

the gaming term, partly on LURCH,v.i.) 1.To Lurry (Tur'i), n. [W. llwry, precipitant; Uwr, ing in colour from the rest of the body.

anticipate or outstrip in acquiring some that tends forward.] 1. A confused throng; Lunulite (lü'nü-lit), n. (L. luna, the moon,

thing; to deprive of by anticipating; to rob. a crowd; a heap. and Gr. lithos, a stone.) A small fossil

You have lurched your friends of the better half of A lurry and rabble of poor farthing friars, who have the garland by concealing the part of the plot.

neither rent nor revenue. coral: so called from its shape.

World of Wonders.

Bonson, 2. A confused inarticulate sound or utterLupercal (lü-per'kal or lū'pér-kal), a. (From

2. To take or gain privily or secretly before Lupercal, a grotto in the Palatine Hill sacred other competitors, or when others do not

ance; as, a lurry of words. to Lupercus, identified by the Romans with

We are not to leave duties for no duties, and to turn or cannot; to appropriate; to steal.

Milton, the Lycean Pan: so called because he warded

prayers into a kind of lurry.

The fond conceit of something like a Duke of off the wolves, from lupus, a wolf.) Pertain Venice, put lately into many men's heads by some

Lurry (lur'i), n. A lorry. Lord Lytton. ing to the Lupercalia, or feasts of the Ro one or other subtilely driving on under this notion

Luscinia (lus-sin'i-a), n. A genus of insesmans in honour of Lupercus or Pan.

his own ambitious ends to lurch a crown, Milton. sorial birds of the thrush family (Turdidæ), Lupercal (lū-pér'kal or lû'pér-kal), n. 3. To leave in the lurch; to deceive; to dis

to which the nightingale (L: philomela) pl. Lupercalia (lū-per-ka'li-a). One of the appoint.

belongs. See NIGHTINGALE. most ancient of the Roman feasts, celebrated

Luscious (lush'us), a. [O. E. lushious. Comp.

This is a sure rule, that will never deceive or lurch every year in the middle of February in

lush.] 1. Very sweet; delicious; grateful the sincere communicant,

South. honour of Lupercus. Lurcht (lérch), v.t. (Comp. L. lurco, lurcho,

to the taste; pleasing; delightful. You all did see, that on the Lupercal to devour greedily. See also above.) To eat

And raisins keep their luscious native taste. Drydon. I thrice presented him a kingly crown,

He will bait him in with the luscious proposal of Which he did thrice refuse.

Shak.
or swallow greedily; to eat up; to devour.

some gainful purchase.

South. Lupiform (lū'pi-form), a. [L. lupus, a wolf,

Too far off from great cities may hinder business; 2. Sweet or rich so as to cloy or nauseate;

or too near lurcheth all provisions, and maketh and forma, likeness.] Wolf-like: a charac

everything dear.

Bacon.

sweet to excess; hence, unctuous; fulsome. teristic designation of a form of syphilis, in Lurcher (lèrch'èr), n. 1. One that lies in

He had a tedious, luscious way of talking, that was which the clustered tubercles form patches wait or lurks; one that watches, as to steal,

apt to tire the patience of his hearers. Jeffrey of disorganized skin, and the surface is per

3. Smutty; obscene. (Rare.] forated by deep ulcerated pits.

or to betray or entrap; a poacher. Lupine (lu'pin), a. Like a wolf; wolfish;

Swift from his play the scudding lurcher flies. Gay. Lusciously (lush'us-li), adv. In a luscious

manner. ravenous.

Especially – 2. A dog that lies in wait for Lusciousness (lush'us-nes), n. The state or Lupine (lū'pin), n. (Fr. lupin; L. lupinus. game, as hares, rabbits, partridges, fallow quality of being luscious.

See LUPINUS.) The common name of the deer, &c., drives them into nets, runs them Luserne (lū'sern), n. (Fr. loup-cervier, L. plants of the genus Lupinus (which see). down or seizes them. This species of dog lupus-cervarius, deer-wolf - lupus, a wolf, Lupinine, Lupinite (lū'pin-in, lü'pin-it), n. is said to be descended from the shepherd's and cervus, a stag.) A lynx.

A peculiar bitter substance extracted from dog and the greyhound, and is more used Lush (lush), a. (Probably connected with the leaves of the Lupinus albus.

by poachers than sportsmen.

lish, Sc. leish, vigorous, active, lust, lusty: Lupinus (lū-pi'nus). n. (L., from lupus, a Lurcher (lèrch'ér), n. (See LURCH, to eat.) the common derivation from luscious, and wolf, in allusion to its destroying or exhaust A glutton; a gourmandizer,

that from delicious, in 0.E. sometimes ing land.) A very extensive genus of hardy Lurdan, Lurdane (ler' dan, lèr'dan), a. written licious, may however be correct.] annual, perennial, and half-shrubby plants, (0.Fr. Lourdin, lourdein, from lourd, heavy, Fresh, luxuriant, and juicy; succulent. some of which are commonly cultivated in dall, thick-headed. See LOORD.) Blockish; How lush and lusty the grass looks! how green! Shak. gardens for the sake of their gaily-coloured stupid; clownish; lazy and useless.

And at the root throlysh green grasses burn'd flowers; the lupines. They belong to the nat.

The red aneinone.
In one (chamber),

Tennyson. order Leguminosa, and inhabit Europe, the Red after revel, droned her lurdane knights Lush (lush), n. (Same origin as lushy (which temperate parts of North and South Ame Slumbering.

Tennyson. see). ] Intoxicating drink; especially beer. rica, a few annual species being found in the Lurdan, Lurdane (lér'dan, ler dān), n. А (Slang. ) Mediterranean region. The leaves are sim clown; a blockhead; a lazy useless person. Lushburg, Luxemburg (Lushberg, luksple, digitate, or composed of many leaflets; Lure (lūr), n. (Fr. leurre, from M.H.G. em-berg), n. A counterfeit coin of the reign the flowers are usually blue, violet, or varie luodar, a sure, G. luder, carrion, a bait for of Edward III., coined at Luxembourg, and

LUSHY

88

LUTEOLEINE

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made to represent the English coins then Lustfulness (lust'fyl-nes), n. The state of purification of the whole Roman people
current.
being lustful; libidinousness.

performed at the end of every five years. Lushy (lush'i), a. ('A word attributed for Lustict (lust'ik), &. Lusty; vigorous; jovial. Hence-2. The space of five years, or fifty comits origin to the name of Lushington, a As Lustick and frolick as lords in their bowers. pleted months, among the ancient Romans. once well-known London brewer, but when

Brome. Lust-stained (lust'stánd), a. Defiled by we find losho and loshano in a Gypsy dia- Lustihead, Lustihood (lust'i-hed, lust'i lust. lect, meaning jolly, ... there seems to be hụd), n. The quality of being lusty; vigour Lustwort (lust'wert),

n. (E. lust and wort.) some ground for supposing the word to be of body.

A plant of the genus Drosera; sundew. See pure Romany.' C. G. Leland.) Tipsy or

A goodly personage,

DROSERA. Now in his freshest flower of lustihead. Spenser. under the influence of intoxicating liquor.

Lusty (lust'i), a. (From E. lust; D. and G.

He is so full of lustihood, he will ride [Slang. )

Joust for it, and win.

Tennyson,

lustig, D. lystig, merry, jovial. See LUST.] Lusiad (lū'si-ad), n. [Pg. Os Lusiados, the

1. Full of or characterized by life, spirit,

Looking back with sad admiration on exploits of Lusitanians, or the Portuguese.] The celeyouthful lustihood which could be enacted no more.

vigour, health, or the like; stout; vigorous; brated Portuguese epic poem, written by

Prof. Blackie. robust; healthful; lively; merry; gallant. Camoens, on the establishment of the Por- Lustily (lust'i-li), adv. In a lusty manner; Who satisfieth thy mouth with good things: making tuguese government in India. It was pub vigorously; strongly.

thee young and lusty as an eagle. lished in 1571.

Book of Common Prayer.
I determine to fight lustily for him. Shak,
Luskt (lusk), a. [Icel. löskr, weak, idle.) Lustiness (lust'i-nes), n. The state of being

How lush and lusty the grass looks! Shak.
Lazy; slothful. Sir T. More.

Last noon beheld them full of lusty life. Byron. Lusk t (lusk), n. An idle, lazy fellow; a lusty; vigour; robustness.

2. Bulky; large; of great size.—3. Beautiful; lubber.

Cappadocian slaves were famous for their lustiness.

Dryden.

handsome. Lusk (lusk), v.i. To be idle, indolent, or Lustless (lust'les), a. 1. Free from lust. So lovedst thou the lusty Hyacint; unemployed. Warner.

2. + Listless; languid; lifeless; indifferent. So lovedst thou the faire Coronis deare. Spenser. Luskish f (lusk'ish), a. Inclined to lusk or

Seemeth thy flock thy counsel can,

4. Pleasant. " That was or might be lusty be lazy. Marston.

So lustless been they, so weak, so wan. Spenser. to his herte.' Lydgate. – 5.f Impudent; Luskishly + (lusk'ish-li), adv. Lazily.

[L. lustralis, from

saucy.
Luskishness t (lusk’ish-nes), n. Disposition Lustral (lus'tral), a.
to indolence; laziness.

lustro, to purify. ] 1. Used in purification; Cassius's soldiers did shew themselves verie stub.
as, lustral water. His better parts by

borne and lustic in the camp.

North. Lusorious t (lū-sõʻri-us), a. [L. lusorius,

lustral waves refined.' Garth. 2. Perfrom ludo, lusum, to sport.] Of or per

6. Full-bodied or stout through being pregtaining to purification; as, lustral days. taining to play; sportive.

nant: a colloquial use. — 7. Lustful; hotLustrate (lus'trāt), v.t. (L. lustro, lus blooded. Many too nicely take exceptions at cards, tables, and dice, and such mixed lusorions lots. Burlon. tratum, to cleanse, from lustrum.] To

Before the flood thou with thy lusty crew, make clear or pure; to purify.

False titled sons of God, roaming the earth, Lusoryt (lū’so-ri), a. [L. lusorius.] Used

Lustratet (lus'trāt), v.i. To go about for Cast wanton eyes on the daughters of men. Milton. in play; playful; as, lusory methods of in

the purpose of inspecting as to the cleansing structing children. Jer. Taylor.

SYN. Robust, stout, strong, vigorous, healthor purification of a place. Lust (lust), n. [A. Sax. 0. Sax. D. G, and

ful, large, bulky, corpulent. Sw. lust; Icel. lyst, losti; Dan. lyst; Goth.

Thrice through Aventine's mount he doth lustrate.

Vicars.

Lustyhede, t n. Pleasure; mirth. Chaucer. lustus, desire, luston, to desire. The root Lustration (lus-trā'shon), n. 1. The act or

Lusus naturæ (lū’sus na-tū'rē), n. (L., a meaning is believed by Grimm to be seen

play or sport of nature.] A term applied operation of making clear or pure; a cleansin the Icel. ljósta, to smite, so that lust

to a monster, or to anything seemingly unnaing or purifying by water. would originally mean what smites or the

tural in the physical world. state of being smitten. See the verb.)

And holy water for lustration bring. Dryden. Lutanist (lů'tan-ist), n. (From lute.] A
1. Longing desire; eagerness to possess or 2. In class. antiq. the sacrifices or ceremonies person that plays on the lute.
enjoy; as, the lust of gain.

by which cities, fields, armies, or people A celebrated lutanist was playing to a large com-
defiled by crimes were purified.

pany. The enemy said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I

Asiat. Res. will divide the spoil

, my lust shall be satisfied upon Lustre (lus'ter), n. [Fr. lustre; L. lustrum, Lutarious (lū-tā'ri-us), a. [L. lutarius, from them.

Ex. xv. 9.

a purificatory sacrifice, from luo, to wash lutum, mud.) Pertaining to, living in, or 2. Evil propensity; depraved affection or away, to purify, or as others think, from of the colour of mud. desire; more especially, sexual appetite; luceo, to shine. See LUSTRUM.) 1. Bright- Lutation (lū-tā'shon), n. [See LUTE.] The unlawful desire of sexual pleasure; con ness; splendour; gloss; as, the lustre of the act or method of luting vessels. cupiscence. Rom. i. 27. sun or stars; the lustre of silk.

Lute (lūt), n. [Fr. luth, from Ar. al úd, the If thou wouldst know sin's strength, thy lusts how hard The sun's mild lustre warms the vital air. Pope.

lute.) A stringed musical instrument of the Against them take up arms and earnest war proclaim. 2. In mineral. a variation in the nature

guitar kind, formerly very popular in Europe.

It consists of four
Abp. Trench, of the reflecting surface of minerals. In

parts, viz. the table
3.f Pleasure; will; inclination.
this sense it designates, first, the kind or

or belly with a large Tombling backe he downe did slyde quality of the light reflected ; second, the Over his horses taile above a stryde; degree of intensity. There are six recog.

sound - hole in the Whence little lust he had to rise againe. Spenser.

middle; the body, nized qualities of lustre - metallic, as in

ribbed like a melon, 4. + Vigour; active power. pyrites and glance-coal; adamantine, as

having nine or ten Trees will grow greater, and bear better fruit, if you in the diamond; vitreous, as in glass;

ribs or divisions; the put salt, or lees of wine, or blood, to the root; the cause resinous, as in pitchstone; pearly, as in

neck, which has nine may be the increasing the lust or spirit of the root. gypsum; and silky, as in amianthus. With

or ten stops or frets Lust (lust), v.i. [A. Sax. lustan, lystan, regard to degree of intensity, the lustre is

which divide the Icel. lysta, Dan. lyste, D. lusten, G. lüsten. said to be splendent when it can be seen

strings into semiList, to please, is another form.) 1.7 To at a great distance; shining, when the

tones; and the head list; to like. "But all had leave that lust.'

reflected light is weak; glistening, when Spenser.-2. To desire eagerly; to long: with observed only at a short distance; glimmer

or cross, in which are

fitted the pegs or after. ing, when the surface presents only luminous

screws for tuning the points; and dull, when the surface is almost Thou mayest kill and eat flesh in all thy gates, what

strings, of which soever thy soul lusteth a fler.

Deut. xii. 15.
destitute of lustre. — 3. The splendour of

there are five or six
3. To have carnal desire; to desire eagerly
birth, of deeds, or of fame; renown; dis-

pairs, each pair tuned tinction. the gratification of carnal appetite: with

in octaves or uniafter. His ancestors continued about four hundred years,

sons. The strings are rather without obscurity than with any great lustre. Whosoever looketh on a woman to lust after her

Wotton.

Lute.

struck by the finhath committed adultery with her already in his heart. 4. A sconce with lights; a branched chande

gers of the right Mat. v. 28. 4. To have irregular or inordinate desires. lier ornamented with drops or pendants of

hand and stopped on the frets by those of cut glass.

the left. The spirit that dwelleth in us lusteth to envy.

Jam. iv. 5.
Double rows of lustres lighted up the nave. Eustace.

Lute (lūt), v.t. To play on a lute, or as on a

lute. We should not lust after evil things as they also lusted. 5. A fabric for ladies' dresses, consisting of

Knaves are men
1 Cor. x. 6.
cotton warp and woollen weft.

It is plain

That lute and flute fantastic tenderness. Tennyson, Lust-breathed (lust'brētud), a. Animated

or self-coloured, and has a highly finished Lute (lūt), v.t. pret. & pp. luted; ppr. luting, by lust. Shak.

lustrous surface. Lust-dieted (lust'dī-et-ed), n. Fed upon Lustre (lus'tër), n. [Directly from L. lus

To close or coat with lute. A glass retort lust; pampered by lust. The superfluous

is said to be luted, when it is smeared over trum, and therefore ultimately the same and lust-dieted man.' Shak.

with clay so as more perfectly to resist the word as preceding. See LUSTRUM.) The Luster (luster), n. One inflamed with lust.

effects of heat, and to prevent its fusion. Luster f (lus'tér), n. [L. lustrum, a den of Lustreless (lus'ter-les), a. Destitute of lustre.

space of five years; a lustrum (which see). Lute, Luting (lūt, lūt'ing), n. [L. lutum, wild beasts.] The den or abode of a wild

mud, clay, from luo, to wash.] In chem. Lustrical (lus'tri-kal), a. Pertaining to puribeast.

(a) a composition of clay or other tenacious fication. Middleton.

substance used for stopping the juncture of
But turning to his luster, calves and dam
He shows abhorred death.

Lustring (lüs'tring), n. [From lustre.] A
Chapman,

vessels so closely as to prevent the escape Lustful (lust'fyl), a. 1. Having lust or eager

species of glossy silk cloth. (Corruptly writ or entrance of air. (6) The external coating

ten Lutestring. ) desire of carnal gratification; libidinous; as,

of clay or sand, or other substances applied Lustrous (lus'trus), a. Characterized by an intemperate and lustful man.—2. Provok

to glass retorts, in order that they may lustre; bright; shining; luminous. ing to sensuality; inciting to lust or exciting

support a high temperature without fusing carnal desire.

My sword and yours are kin. Good sparks and ius. or cracking.
trous.

Shak.

Lute-backed (lūt'bakt), a. Having a curved Thence his lustful orgies he enlarged. Millon, Lustrously (lus'trus-li), adv. In a lustrous spine. Holland. 3. Vigorous; robust; stout; lusty. 'Lustful manner; brilliantly; luminously.

Lutenist (lüt'en-ist), n. A performer on the health.' Sackville.

Lustrum (lus' trum), n. pl. Lustrums or lute; a lutanist. Lustfully (lust'fyl-li), adv. In a lustful

Lustra (lus’trumz, lus'tra). (L.) 1. A lus- Luteoleine, Luteoline (lū’tē-ol-e-in, lū'tėmanner.

tration or purification; particularly, the ol-in), n. [L. luteolus, yellowish, from luteus,

[graphic]

to tame,

Bacon. .

LUTEOUS

89

LYCOPODE

In a

golden yellow.) (C2H403.) The yellow be rank or luxurious, to be wanton. See Lycæna (li-se'na), n. A genus of butterflies, colouring matter of weld or dyer's weed. LUXURY.] 1. To grow exuberantly, or to closely allied to Polyommatus. L. dispar When sublimed it crystallizes in needles. grow to superfluous abundance.--2. To feed (large copper-butterfly) and L. phlæas(small Luteous (lü'tė-us), a. (L. luteus, yellowish.] or live luxuriously; as, the herds luxuriate copper-butterfly) are British species.

Of a brownish yellow; of a clayish colour. in the pastures.-3. Fig. to indulge to ex- Lycænidæ (li-se'ni-dē), n. pl. A family of lepiLuter, Lutist (lüt'ér, lūt'ist), n. One who cess; to revel without restraint; as, to dopterous insects, of which the type is the plays on a lute.

luxuriate in description.

genus Lycæna. Lutescent (lü-tes'ent), a. (From L. luteus, Luxuriation (lug-zü'ri-ā"shon), n. The act Lycanthrope (likan-throp), n. [Gr. lykos, yellow.) of a yellowish colour.

of luxuriating; the process of growing ex a wolf, and anthropos, a man.) 1. OriginLute-string (låt'string), n. The string of a uberantly, or beyond the natural growth. ally, a man supposed to have been translute.

Luxuriety (lug-zū-ri'e-ti), n. Same as Luxu. formed into the form of a wolf and endowed Latesting (lit'string), n. (A corruption riance. Sterne.

with its savage propensities; a werewolf.of lustring.) A stout glossy kind of silk Luxurious (lug-zū'ri-us), a. (Fr. luxuri 2. A person affected with lycanthropy; one used for ladies' dresses. To speak in lute. eux; L. luxuriosus, from luxuria, luxury.) who imagines himself to be a wolf, and acts string, to speak in an affected manner or in 1. Characterized by indulgence in luxury; in conformity with his delusion. the manner of a fine lady. given to luxury; voluptuous; indulging

Many instances occur, and may be encountered in I was led to trouble you with these observations freely or excessively in the pleasures of every asylum. in which the insine conceive them. by a passage which, to speak in lutestring, I met the table, the gratiñcation of appetite, or selves dogs (Cynanthropia) and other animals, and with this morning in the course of my reading. in rich and expensive dress and equipage ;

even inanimate objects; but these are solitary cases, Letters of Junius.

whereas this hallucination has appeared epideinically, Lutetia (lū-tē'shi-a), n. A small planet or as, a luxurious life; luxurious cities; luru

and lycanthropes have literally herded and hunted asteroid between the orbits of Mars and

rious ease. --- 2. Administering to luxury; together in packs. In 160o, multitudes were attacked Jupiter, discovered by Goldschmidt, 15th contributing to free or extravagant indul

with the disease in the Jura, emulated the destructive November, 1852 gence in diet, dress, and equipage; as, luxu

habits of the wolf, murdered and devoured children;

howled, walked, or attempted progression on allLutheran (lū’ther-an), a. Pertaining to rious wealth.-3. Furnished with luxuries;

fours, so that the palms of the hands became hard as, a luxurious table.-4. Characterized by and horny. Martin Luther, the reformer; as, the Lu

Chambers's Ency, theran church lust; libidinous.

Lycanthropy (li-kan'thro-pi), n. [Gr. lycan

She knows the heat of a luxurious bed. Shak. Lutheran (lū'thér-an), n. A disciple or fol.

thropia-lykos, a wolf, and anthropos, man.) lower of Luther; one who adheres to the 5. Luxuriant; exuberant.

A kind of erratic melancholy or madness, in doctrines of Luther.

The work under our labour grows which the patient supposes himself to be a Luxurious by restraint.

Milton. Lutheranism, Lutherism (lū'thér-an-izm,

wolf. See LYCANTHROPE. lü'thér-izm), n. The doctrines of religion

Syn. Voluptuous, epicurean, effeminate, Lyceum (li-se'um), n. (Gr. lykeion, from a as taught by Luther, the characteristic docsensual, intemperate, self-indulgent.

temple near it dedicated to Apollo lykeios, trine of which is consubstantiation, or the Luxuriously (lug-zū'ri-us-li), adv.

Apollo the wolf-slayer, from lykos, a wolf.) doctrine that the body of Christ is present

luxurious manner; deliciously; voluptuous 1. In Greece, a place near the river Ilissus, in the eucharist. Some of the more extreme ly.

where Aristotle taught philosophy. -- 2. A

The Lutherans have asserted not only the pres- Luxuriousness (lug-zū'ri-us-nes), n.

house or apartment appropriated to instrucence of the human nature of Christ in the state or quality of being luxurious.

tion by lectures or disquisitions.-3. An assoLord's supper, but the absolute omnipres- Luxurist (lugʻzū-rist), n. One given to ciation of men for literary improvement. ence of his human nature. Many of the luxury.

4. A school for the higher education preparathings at first retained as merely tolerable Luxury (lugʻzū-ri), n. [L. luxuria, from

tory to the university. by Luther and his fellow-reformers, as

luxus, sensual excess.] 1. A free or extra- | Lychgatet (lik'găt), n. Same as Lichgate. images and pictures in places of Worship,

vagant indulgence in the pleasures of the Lychnis (lik’nis), n. [L.; Gr. lychnis, allied clerical vestments, the form of exorcism in

table, as in rich and expensive diet, or deli to lychnos, a light.] 1. A genus of usually baptism, &c., have become favourite and

cious food and liquors; voluptuousness in erect, annual, biennial, and perennial herbs, distinguishing characteristics of some of the the gratification of appetite; or the free in

belonging to the nat. order Caryophyllaceæ. churches.

dulgence in costly dress and equipage. Some of them bear beautiful flowers. There Luthern, Lutheran (lū'thérn, lü'thér-an), Riches expose a man to pride and luxury. Addison. are about thirty species, natives chiefly of 12. [Probably from Fr. lucarne (which see). ] 2. That which is delightful to the senses, Europe and extratropical Asia, a few occurIn arch. a dormer or garret window.

the feelings, &c.; especially, that which

ring in the arctic regions. They differ from Luting (lūting), n. See LUTE, in chem. gratifies a nice and fastidious appetite; a

Silene in the number of styles, which in Lutist, n. See LUTER.

dainty; any delicious food or drink; and

Lychnis is four or five, in Silene three. Lutose (lūt'os), a. (L. lutosus, from lutum, hence, any article of food or drink not neces Several species are found in Britain. clay.) Miry; covered with clay. sary to support life.

2. Pliny's name for the ruby, sapphire, or Lutra (lu'tra), n. [L. lutra, an otter.) A He cut the side of the rock for a garden, and by

carbuncle. genus of carnivorous animals, of the digiti laying on it carth, furnished out a kind of luxury for Lychnite (lik'nīt), n. (Gr. lychnitës, from grade tribe, comprising the otters, of which a hermit.

Addison. lychnos, a lanıp.) An old name for Parian there are many species. See OTTER.

Learn the luxury of doing good. Goldsmith. marble, from its being quarried by lampLutraria (lü-tra'ri-a), n. A genus of lamel Rhyme, that luxury of recurrent sound.

light. libranchiate molluscs, belonging to the

Prof. Blackie.
3. ^ Lust; lewd desire; lasciviousness.

Lychnobite (lik'no-bit), n. (Gr. lychnos, a family Myada. The species are found in

Tamp, and bios, life.] One who labours or the sand at the mouths of rivers, in tem“Hateful luxury and bestial appetite.' Shak.

transacts business by night, and sleeps by

4.7 Luxuriance; exuberance of growth.perate climates.

day. Lutulentt (lù'tū-lent), a. (L. lutulentus,

Syn. Voluptuousness, epicurism, effemin- Lychnoscope (lik’no-skop), n. (Gr. lychnos, from lutum, mud.) Muddy; turbid; thick. acy, sensuality, delicacy, gratification, plea

a lamp, light, and skopeo, to see.) In arch. Luxt (luks), v.t. Same as Luxate. Pope.

sure, enjoyment, delight.

a small narrow window in the chancel of a Luz (luz), n. The name of a bone in the Luxate (luks'āt), p.t. pret. & pp. luxated;

human body which the Rabbinical writers

church, so arranged that a person outside ppr. luxating. [L. luxo, luxatum, from affirmed to be indestructible, and variously

may be enabled to see the priest at the altar lurus, dislocated, oblique or slanting, from stated to have been one of the vertebræ, the Lycodon (li’ko-don), n. (Gr. lykos, a wolf,

during the act of consecration. Gr. lurus, loxos, slanting.). To displace or remove from its proper place, as a joint; os sacrum, the sesamoid bone of the great

and odous, odontis, a tooth.) A genus of toe, and one of the triangular bones near to put out of joint; to dislocate.

slow-moving innocuous serpents found in

the lambdoidal suture of the cranium. Luxation (luks-a'shon), n. 1. The act of

South Africa luxating or forcing a joint from its proper

*How doth a man revive again in the world to Lycodont (li’ko-dont), n. [Gr. lykos, a wolf,

come?' asked Hadrian; and osh Ben Hananiah place or articulation; or the state of being made answer, 'From luz in the backbone.' He then

and odous, odontos, a tooth.) In geol, a name thus put out of joint. -2. A dislocation; went on to demonstrate this to him: He took the given to certain fossil teeth, supposed to be that which is dislocated.

bone luz and put it into water, but the water had those of a kind of wolf-fish. Luxe (luks), n. (L. luxus, excess, extrava

no action on it he put it in the fire, but the fire, con: Lycoperdon (li-ko-pèrdon), n., [Gr. lykos, gance, luxury) Luxury. (Rare.)

sumed it not; he placed it in a mill, but could not
grind it; and laid it on an anvil, but the hammer

a woll, and perdomai, to break wind.) A Luxuriance (lug-zū'ri-ans), n. The state crushed it not.

Lightfoot.

genus of fungi, the species of which grow in of being luxuriant; abundant or excessive Luzula (lü'zū-la), n. A genus of plants,

the form of balls, which burst and discharge growth or quantity; strong, vigorous growth; nat. order Juncacere. They are like rushes,

their spores or seeds in the form of a fine exuberance. but always perennial with more grasslike

dark powder or dust. They are commonly While through the parting robe the alternate breast foliage, fringed with long white hairs. There

called puff-balls. L. gemmatum, or common With youth wild throbbing, on thy lawless gaze are many species, several of which are

puff-ball, acts mechanically as a styptic, by In full luxuriance rose.

Thomson.
found in Britain.

means of its brown spores; L. giganteum, Luxuriancy (lug-zū'ri-an-si). Same as LUX--Ly [Goth. -leiks, Icel. -líkr, -legr, O.H.G. -lih,

or giant puff-ball, when dry, staunches triance. G. lich, D. -lijk), a termination of adjectives

slight wounds, and the smoke stupefies bees. A fungus prevents healing only by its luxuriancy. and adverbs, is a contraction of A. Sax. lic,

In a young state it is edible. Luxuriant (lug-zü'ri-ant), a. (L. luxurians,

E like; as in lovely, manly, richly, readily, Lycopersicum (11-ko-pér'si-kum), n. [Gr. that is, love-like, man-like, rich-like, ready

lykos, a wolf, and persi from lusurio. See LUXURIATE.) 1. Exuber

a peach. ) A genus like. As an adverbial suffix .ly was originally

of plants closely allied to Solanum, and ant in growth; abundant; as, a luxuriant -lice, the dative or ablative case of an adjec

belonging to the nat order Solanaceæ. Three growth of grass.--2. Exuberant in plenty; tive in lic.

or four species, all South American, are superfluous in abundance. Lyam (li'am), n. (See LEAM.) A leash for

known. L. esculentum is the love-apple or Prune the luxuriani, the uncouth refine,

tomato. holding a hound.

It is distinguished from Solanum But show no mercy to an empty line. Pope.

by the elongate acuminate connate anthers. 3. In bot. a term applied to a flower which Lyart, Llart (li'art), a. [L. L. liardus, dapple gray. See LIARD.) Gray; gray-haired.

They are unarmed, tall, loose-growing herbe, multiplies the floral envelope so as to de(Scotch.)

with pinnatisect leaves and pedunculate stroy the essential parts.

Twa had manteeles o dolefu' black,

lax few-flowered cymes. Luxuriantly (lug-zū'ri-ant-li), adv. In a But ane wi' lyart lining.

Burns. Lycopod (liko-pod), n. A plant belonging luxuriant manner or degree; with exuber I soothly think ere it be spun

to the nat. order Lycopodiaceæ. ant growth

I'll wear a lyart pow.

7. Baillie. Lycopode (liko-pod), n. [Gr. lykos, a wolf, Luxuriate (lug-zü'ri-át), v.i. pret. & pp. lux- Lybicket Libyck, t a. Libyan.- Lybicke and pous, podos, a foot.) Vegetable brimuriated; ppr. luxuriating. (L. luxurio, to ocean, the Libyan sands. Spenser.

stone, the highly inflammable powder con

Wiseman

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