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reader of faces as I was, the frown- verdant quarters backwarder still ; ing beauty of Nero, I remember, had and, stretching still beyond, in old most of my wonder, but the mild formality, thy firry wilderness, the Galba had my love. There they haunt of squirrel, and the day-long stood in the coldness of death, yet murmuring woodpigeon-with that freshness of immortality.
antique image in the centre, God or Mine too thy lofty Justice Hall, Goddess I wist not; but child of with its one chair of authority, high- Athens or old Rome paid never a backed, and wickered, once the ter- sincerer worship to Pan or to Sylror of luckless poacher, or self-for vanus in their native groves, than I getful maiden -so common since, to that fragmental mystery: that bats have roosted in it.
Was it for this, that I kissed my Mine too-whose else?--thy cost- childish hands too fervently in your ly fruit garden, with its sun-baked idol worship, walks and windings of southern wall; the ampler pleasure- BLAKESMOOR! for this, or what sin garden, rising backwards from the of mine, has the plough passed over house, in triple terraces, with flower- your pleasant places? I sometimes pots now of palest lead, save that a think that as men, when they die, do speck here and there, saved from the not die all, so of their extinguished elements, bespake their pristine state habitations there may be a hopewa to have been gilt and glittering; the germ to be revivified.
In stately pride, by my bed-side,
High-born Helen's portrait hung;
Are nightly to the portrait sung.
Complaining all night long to her.”-
Said_" you to all men I prefer.”
And must I surrender thee, love?
Must I never view again
And the smile that banish'd pain?
Where my griefs may alone have scope
And the future yield no hope ?
In fondness press'd to mine?
Nor catch one sigh of thine ?
In a moment sink away;
Like the pale leaves from the spray?
And thy path for ever shun,
Like the day without a sun.
And make the dark waste seem green ;
The brightest—the loveliest scene.
PERU, AND MEXICO, IN 1820, 1821, 1822.*
so respectively greedy, that in a short time; their amphibious were the publication delayed till it character renders them less suspicious were really ivorthy to gain all these to the South Americans, who conadvantages, it would just come in sider them as having but little intetime to lose them : some other less rest in land-affairs, and as having no scrupulous person would forestal it in time, however willing they may be, the literary market, and the old to interfere in their native politics; adage of “ a bird in the hand, &c.” their rank also is a general introducwould be illustrated to the mortifica- tion to society every where; and, tion of no one more than of the con what is perhaps of more importance scientious procrastinator, who would than all, they have the reputation of by this means sacrifice to the hope of a class to keep up, and are therefore, glory far more substantial blessings- generally speaking, men of honour his time and his dividend. Hence it and veracity, entitled to the confiis that Voyages, and Travels, and dence of strangers, and to credit from Journals, now-a-days, are so poor in their countrymen for the accounts merit, and so populous in number; which they bring. In the above they are bought up at such a rate point of view, Captain Hall's Journal and at such a profit that it is no won must be esteemed a publication of der they are, few of them, worth some value, though its actual matebuying.' Did we, our plural self, rials are scattered with a good deal venture a voyage to Dog Island (that of economy over two octavo volumes. Ultima Thule of sea-faring citizens) He appears himself to be, as we have we should infallibly publish a quarto said, a man of sense, and a slave to no on the hydrography of the place, in- bigotry or prejudice. This is exactly terspersed with lithographic sketches the man we want, and the man whom of its scenery, and accompanied by a it is most difficult, in the existing list of the minerals, plants, &c. that state of parties, to find. The obserenrich, and a description of the men vations of such a person on the state and strange animals that inhabit it. of the lately revolutionized colonies
In the present fluctuating state of of America are therefore of double South America it is perhaps less to importance, when the different polibe regretted that those who visit that tics of different travellers are so likecountry are not to any degree infected ly to seduce them, however inten
• Extracts from a Journal, written on the Coasts of Chili, Peru, and Mexico, in the years 1820, 1821, 1822, by Captain Basil Hall, Royal Navy, Author of a Voyage to 1.oo Choo. In two volumes. Second Edition, Edinburgh : Constable and Co.
tionally (or, as schoolmen have it, their fortunes and happiness, can be easily ethically) honest, into misrepresenta- taken from them. tion and logical falsehood. Though There are, no doubt, many defects in the to some degree of course a satellite of administration of affairs in Chili : occagovernment, he is never at pains to sional bad faith, and occasional oppression; conceal his love of rational liberty,
and sometimes very inconvenient disturband to hail its second dawn in the ances, and partial political changes; but
these are of no moment in so vast a queswestern hemisphere with exulta- tion. The barrier which has so long damtion. We are glad to have such re- med up the tide of human rights, and free spectable authority as Captain Hall's action, has been at length removed ; and for the sentiments of the South Ame the stream is assuredly not to be stopped ricans themselves upon the question by any thing from without: and what is of the Revolution, over which the internal, that might produce mischief, is conflicting testimonies of liberal and rapidly iniproving as men advance in intellegitimate missionaries have thrown ligence, and acquire a deeper interest in such a veil of doubt and confusion. good order. An invasion, indeed, might In speaking of the state of public tend, for a time, to keep back the moral
cause much misery and confusion, and feeling among the Chilians, our author
and political improvement of the country; says:
but the re-action would be inevitabie, and, Of civil liberty, I am not sure that the
ere long, the outraged country would spring Chilians have, as yet, equally clear and forwards to life and liberty, with tenfold correct notions ; but nothing is more de- vigour. cided than their determination not to sub
By means of foreign intercourse, and by mit again to any foreign yoke; and I should the experience and knowledge of them conceive, from all I have been able to selves, acquired by acting, for the first learn, that
, under any circumstances, the time, as freemen, they will come to know Spanish party in Chili would be found their own strength : by learning also to resmall and contemptible. Every day, deep; have done before, they will be ready to re
spect themselves, which they could hardly ens these valuable sentiments, and will render the reconquest of the country more
spect a government formed of themselves ; and more remote from possibility. The and, instead of despising and hating their present free trade, above all, maintains rulers, and seeking to counteract their and augments these feelings; for there is
measures, will join heartily in supporting not a single arrival at the port which fails them when right, or in exerting a salutary to bring some new article of use, or of influence over them when wrong. At aí luxury, or which does not serve, by lower events, even now, all parties would unite ing the former prices, to place within reach upon the least show of an attack; and so of the inferior ranks many things known
the result will prove, should any thing so before only to the wealthy; to extend the wild and unjust be attempted. range of comforts and enjoyments; and to
182—185.) open new sources of industry.
This is not only a clear and manly Amongst a people circumstanced as the statement of the public feeling in South Americans have been, debarred for Chili, but it is evidently impartial; ages from the advantages of commerce, this one that we can rely on, if we look change is of the last importance; and it is only for curious information; one pleasing to reflect, that, while our merchants from which we can draw safe inare consulting their own interests, and ad
if vancing the prosperity of their country,
we are more deeply enthey are, at the same time, by stimulating gaged in the affairs of that continent at once and gratifying the wants of a great than mere readers, either as merpeople, adding incalculably to the amount chants, statesmen, or politicians. of human happiness. By thus creating With the first two of these classes higher tastes, and new wants, they produce we should expect Captain Hall's fresh motives to exertion, and give more Journal to have an influence which animating hopes to whole nations, which, may be productive of the most mowithout such powerful and immediate ex mentous results: the merchant has citements, might, for aught we know, have long remained in their ancient state of list- the establishment of a consignee in
now some authority to suppose that lessness and ignorance. Every man in the Chili, or the shipping of goods there, country, rich or poor, not only practically would not be a rash speculation; he feels the truth of this, but knows distinctly whence the advantage is derived ; and it is will therefore either begin to speculate, idle, therefore, to suppose that blessings or speculate yet more boldly than he which come home so directly to all inen's has hitherto done ; and will thus forfeelings, and which so manifcstly influence ward, at one and the same time, his
own interest, that of his country, that rope, in return for goods already distriof the country where his speculation buted over the interior. A spirit of intelis laid, and finally, what may well ligence and inquiry animated the whole give a spur to his philanthropy, that society; schools were multiplied in every of the world in general. It is need
town; libraries established, and every enless to particularise the effects which couragement given to literature and the
arts : and as travelling was free, passports a well-authenticated knowledge of Chilian enthusiasm in the cause of even in the step of every man, might be
were unnecessary. In the manners, and Independence, and of the firm esta- traced the air of conscious freedom and blishment of Constitutional liberty independence. In dress also a total change amongst that people, will necessarily had very recently taken place, and from the produce in the minds of our states
The former uncouth, and men, and eventually in their con almost savage costume of the ladies, and duct.
the slovenly cloaks invariably worn by the Peru, it seems, was the strong men, had given way to the fashions of hold of Spanish despotism; yet even Europe : and, although these may be here the principles of civil liberty deemed circumstances almost too minute to
mention, they are not unimportant when had taken such deep and wide root, that the natives only wanted the heretofore unknown. "It is by these, and a
connected with feelings of national pride, countenance of San Martin's army multitude of other small changes, that the to raise the flag of Independence in people are constantly reminded of their 1821. Our author visited this king- past compared with their present situation ; dom about the time of the Chilian and it is of essential use to their cause, that expedition under the abovenamed they should take delight in assimilating general; and gives a lively descrip- themselves, even in trifles, with other intion of the state of the country at dependent nations of the world. that time. The following passages,
No such changes, and no such sentiif any thing were wanting to decide ments, were to be found as yet in Peru.
In the harbour of Callao, the shipping the question between Spanish colo
were crowded into a corner, encircled by nial slavery, and emancipation, would gun-boats, close under the fort, and with a be found, we think, conclusive :
strong boom drawn round them. The The contrast between the two countries, locked; no bales of goods rose in pyra
custom-house was empty, and the door Chili and Peru, as it met our eyes, was most striking; and if due justice could be vered the road from Callao to Lima ; nor
mids on the quays; no loaded mules codone to the description of each, a pleasing during
the whole ascent was an individual inference would be drawn by every Englishman in favour of the popular side of the
to be seen, except, perhaps, a solitary exquestion.
press galloping towards the fortress. The contrast between a country in a
(Vol. i. p. 86–89.)
We arrived on the 9th, and sailed on state of war, and one in a state of peace, the 17th of December 1821. In the inwas, perhaps, never more strikingly dis
terval of four months, which had elapsed played than upon this occasion : but, be
since we left Peru, the most remarkable sides the interest arising out of such contrast, as applicable to the states of peace affairs. The flag of Spain had been struck
change had taken place in the aspect of and war; the view was curious and instruc
on the Castle of Callao; and in its place tive, as displaying the rapid effect produced by a change in the government of one of
was displayed the standard of Independ.
ence; the harbour, which we had left the two countries. As long as both were similarly administered, Peru had an infi, free to all the world ; and, instead of con.
blockaded by an enemy, was now open and nite advantage over Chili in wealth and taining merely a few dismantled ships of importance; but as soon as Chili became independent, she at once assumed the su
war, and half a dozen empty merchant
vessels, was crowded with ships unloading periority. We left Valparaiso harbour filled with
rich cargoes ; while the bay, to the disshipping; its custom-house wharfs piled vered with others waiting for room to land
tance of a mile from the harbour, was cohigh with goods, too numerous and bulky their merchandise. On shore all was busfor the old warehouses; the road between tle and activity. (Vol. ii. p. 63, 64.) the port and the capital was always crowded with convoys of mules, loaded with every kind of foreign manufacture; while
The change above described as numerous ships were busy taking in car- produced in the space of a few goes of the wines, corn, and other articles, months, from no trade to a flourishthe growth of the country; and large sums ing one, annihilates, we conceive, at of treasure were daily embarked for Eu once, all claims of Old Spain to her
former right of mis-government; be remarked, which is at once cause and and indicates pretty plainly, more effect: since we know, that in former times, over, that such claims will always when no freedom of speech was permitted, be successfully resisted, now that the faculty of thinking to any purpose the inhabitants are made practically was equally repressed; a truth which, aware of the loss in comfort and though a mere common-place, it is not, on happiness they should sustain, if that account, the less interesting to see con
firmed in practice. At this time every one they ever again submitted to the ancient despotism.
not only took a pride in saying what his In Mexico, the Revolution was nity that occurred, or could be devised, to
opinions were, but seized every opportuperhaps more bloodless than in any manifest his political sincerity. The borother department of the colonies; ders of the ladies' shawls were wrought to the unanimity and sincerity of the into patriotic mottos ; the tops of the newsinhabitants on the subject of their papers and play-bills bore similar inscripIndependence, our author bears de- tions ; patriotic words were set to all the cided testimony,—decided, but not old national airs ; and I saw a child one dogmatic, in as much as he quotes day munching a piece of gilt gingerbread, the arguments on which his testi- stamped with the word Independencia! i
am well aware that all this fuss and talk mony is founded :
proves not much ; and that nothing is It has sometimes been thought in other enthusiasm, which evaporates at the first
more prostituted than this sort of verbal countries, that many of the South Americ show of opposition ; and certainly, taken cans were indifferent to the independence of their country, and that a great Euro singly, it would be of little moment in a pean force, by encouraging and protecting it might be to witness on a great scale :
political point of view, however amusing the expression of contrary opinions, might, but it is no bad accompaniment to successere long, succeed in re-establishing the ful action, and helps to keep alive that newancient authority. This, I am thoroughly born spirit of independence, when other, convinced, is a mistake, and he who should and more important causes are ready to reason by analogy from the fate of Spain give practical effect to the sentiment. to that of South America, if exposed to the same trial, would confound two things
Patriotic exertions are always thought essentially dissimilar : if he were to sup- tance, than when examined closely. But,
more highly of when viewed from a dispose that the cry of “ Viva la Independencia” in the one, and “ Viva la Constitu
even in the eyes of those who are present, cion” in the other, were indicative of an
the interest which a show of patriotism exequal degree of sincerity and of right appre
cites is often at first of a very lively cha
racter. hension of the subject, he would be essen
This dazzling effect, however, tially in error; for there is this important motives of the actors become so well known
speedily goes off: the real characters and distinction: the greater number of those who called out for the constitution knew pure disinterested public spirit. no longer
to us, that the fictitious representation of very imperfectly what they were asking for; pleases ; and at last we see nothing in this whereas, every individual in the new states, revolutionary drama that is acted to the however ignorant of the true nature and extent of civil liberty, or however indiffe life, but the cruelty and the sorrow. rent about other political matters, is strong
(Vol. ii. p. 245—248.) ly possessed of the same clear, consistent, There is an anecdote related at and steady conception of what independ. page 188 of this volume, which, with ence means; and well knows its important those matter-of-fact men of sense, practical consequences. It is because these who consider one practical proof of sentiments are universal, and receive every hour more and more strength and confir.
more weight than a whole system of mation, that I venture to speak so decidedtheory, will appear at once determily of the utter impossibility of again reduc. native of the doubt whether the ing to political and moral thraldom so vast Americans are really aware of the a population ; every member of which is at benefits arising from their late emanlength fully awakened to a sense of his own cipation, and whether they would interest and honour.
resolutely maintain their liberties inIn all companies, the conversation turn. violate against all the attempts of ed on political topics; and it was very their late oppressors : curious to observe, amidst much prejudice and error in reasoning, and much exagge. While we were admiring the scenery, ration and misstatement of facts, how just our people had established themselves in a ly every one felt on the occasion, and with hut, and were preparing supper, under the what delight they exercised the new privi. direction of a peasant, a tall copper-colour. lege of speaking out; a privilege, it may ed semi-barbarous native of the forest; but